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Luo Yi-Pey YP Department of Biotechnology, Chia-Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan 71710, Taiwan, (ROC). - - 2014
A novel multiple membrane blood-feeding system for mosquitoes has been developed for the study and routine maintenance of Aedes aegypti L. and Aedes albopictus Skuse that require a meal of vertebrate blood to produce eggs. This blood-feeding system uses cattle collagen sausage-casing membrane to facilitate feeding. The efficiency of this ...
Sunose Yutaka Y Department of Thoracic and Visceral Organ Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma, - - 2014
We present a widely applicable technique of the modified Pringle maneuver to reduce blood loss for laparoscopic hepatectomy. We use a drip-infusion tube and wrap it around the hepatoduodenal ligament. In the modified Pringle maneuver ① (m-Pringle ①), we use a 60 cm long tube. Both ends of the tube ...
Rossi Tommaso T Ophthalmology, Ospedale Oftalmico di Roma, Via Tina Modotti 93, Rome, 00142, Italy - - 2014
Purpose: to report on Instantaneous Flow Rate (IFR) of vitreous cutters measured by means of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). Design: in vitro experimental study Methods: vitreous cutters with regular (RB) or high flow Twedge blade (TB)were connected to a machine equipped with peristaltic and Venturi pump and immersed in BSS. ...
Aguiar Carolina C Respiratory Division, Departament of Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Most patients on long-term oxygen therapy use stationary oxygen delivery systems. It is not uncommon for guidelines to instruct patients to use tubing lengths no longer than 19.68 ft (6 m) when using an oxygen concentrator and 49.21 ft (15 m) when using cylinders. However, these concepts are not based ...
Dugernier Jonathan J 1 Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital Saint-Luc , Brussels, Belgium - - 2014
Abstract Background: Aerosol delivery during invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) depends on nebulizer type, placement of the nebulizer and ventilator settings. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of two inspiratory flow patterns on amikacin delivery with a vibrating-mesh nebulizer placed at different positions on an adult lung ...
Foley David Anthony - - 2014
This article describes the development of a 5 mm NMR flow-tube that can be used in a standard 5 mm NMR probe, enabling the user to conduct experiments on flowing samples; or more specifically, on flowing reaction mixtures. This enables reaction monitoring or kinetic experiments to be conducted by flowing ...
Lima-Oliveira G G Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry, Department of Life and Reproduction Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; Post-Graduate Program of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Clinical Analyses, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Parana, - - 2014
The potential cross-contamination of additives between primary blood tubes is a well-known problem during sample collection. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of citrated blood contamination with different amounts of dipotassium ethylenediaminetetraacetic (K2 EDTA blood) on activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), and fibrinogen. ...
Zang Shanshan S Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, - - 2015
BC (bacterial cellulose) exhibits quite distinctive properties than plant cellulose. The outstanding properties make BC a promising material for preparation of artificial blood vessel. By taking advantage of the high oxygen permeability of PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) as a tubular template material, a series of BC tubes with a length of 100mm, ...
Wunder Cora C Institute of Legal Medicine, Department of Forensic Toxicology, Kennedyallee 104, 60596 Frankfurt/Main, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
In toxicological analysis of postmortem samples the local anesthetic lidocaine is often identified. In most cases, lidocaine levels result from its use as aid in endotracheal intubation. The range of the drug's concentration in blood and urine was studied under controlled conditions from a cohort of cardiac surgery patients (n=35). ...
Pitzele Aaron A Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine whether PRBC transfusion affects postprandial superior mesenteric artery blood flow velocities (SMA BFVs) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates and if so, at what time point after transfusion restoration of previous SMA BFV patterns occurs. Design/Methods: VLBW preterm neonates, older than 14 days and tolerating ...
Kocijancic Marija M Medical biochemistry laboratory of Primorsko-goranska county health care-Rijeka, Rijeka, - - 2014
Preanalytical variables account for most of laboratory errors. There is a wide range of factors that affect the reliability of laboratory report. Most convenient sample type for routine laboratory analysis is serum. BD Vacutainer(®) Rapid Serum Tube (RST) (Becton, Dickinson and Company, Franklin Lakes, NJ, USA) blood collection tube provides ...
Duale Nur - - 2014
Establishing methods for secure long term storage of RNA is critical to realizing the promise of biobanks in biomedical research. Here, we describe the results of yearly analyses of the same set of umbilical cord and adult whole blood RNA collected in Tempus Blood RNA tubes and stored at -80[degree ...
Zhaohui Liu L Department of Joint Surgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Yinghua Street, Beijing, 100029, People's Republic of - - 2014
Blood management is critical in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In bilateral, single stage TKA, blood loss seems more prominent. We believe it is important to control all potential bleeding within the wound tissue. The purpose of the study was to evaluate a series of topical procedures used to reduce blood ...
Kaufmann C C National Centre for Vector Entomology, Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zürich, Zürich, - - 2014
Most haematophagous insect vectors can also use sugar as an energy source; thus their sugar-feeding behaviour influences their longevity and blood-feeding rate and hence their vectorial capacity. Scant information is available on the sugar-feeding behaviour of Culicoides Latreille biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), which are vectors of bluetongue and Schmallenberg viruses. ...
He Jiating J Division of Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, Nanyang Technological University, 21 Nanyang Link, 637371, - - 2014
For industry applications of nano-catalysts, the main bottlenecks are the low loading per unit support area and the slow flow rate through the support particles. By growing a dense Au nanowire forest on a loose network of glass fibers, continuous-flow catalysis can be achieved with a processing rate about 100 ...
Gürtler Ricardo E RE Laboratory of Eco-Epidemiology, Department of Ecology, Genetics and Evolution, Universidad de Buenos Aires-IEGEBA (CONICET-UBA), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
The host species composition in a household and their relative availability affect the host-feeding choices of blood-sucking insects and parasite transmission risks. We investigated four hypotheses regarding factors that affect blood-feeding rates, proportion of human-fed bugs (human blood index), and daily human-feeding rates of Triatoma infestans, the main vector of ...
Grasmeijer Floris F Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmacy, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The dispersion performances of inhalation powders are often tested at only one inhalation flow rate in mechanistic formulation studies. This limited approach is challenged by studies showing that interactions exist between inhalation flow rate and the effects on dispersion performance of several formulation variables. In this note we explain that ...
Song Gook-Sup GS Department of Architecture, Bucheon University, 424 Simgok-dong Wonmi-gu, Bucheon-si, Geongki-do 420-735, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
A total of 58 healthy subjects participated to elucidate the influence of indoor and outdoor temperatures on blood flow. After walking outdoors for 20min, the blood flow rate of a subject was measured. The subject then entered a classroom and studied for 120min, and afterwards, the blood flow rate was ...
Cabrera Mariana - - 2014
To compare the flow rate through different gauge needles of triamcinolone acetonide with benzyl alcohol (TABA) versus preservative-free triamcinolone acetonide injectable suspension (TAIS). Experimental injections of 1 mL of TABA or TAIS were performed through a 27-, 30-, or 32-gauge needle. A piezoelectric pressure transducer connected to a personal computer ...
Brannin Michelle T MT Patrick Center for Environmental Research, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Black flies are ubiquitous and important members of lotic ecosystems. Size is known to affect many aspects of their life in the aquatic larval stage, including intraspecific competition for feeding sites. As filter feeders, flow affects their ability to feed and reach sufficiently fast flow. This, in turn, can lead ...
Kanyiri Caroline W CW Department of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, PO Box 62000, Nairobi, - - 2014
In this research study, fluid flow through a cylindrical collapsible tube has been investigated. Of particular interest is the effect of flow parameters on the cross sectional area of a collapsible tube, flow velocity and internal pressure of the fluid. The flow parameters considered are longitudinal tension and volumetric flow ...
Zhang Hui H DiaGenic ASA, Oslo, - - 2014
There is an increasing need for proper quality control tools in the pre-analytical phase of the molecular diagnostic workflow. The aim of the present study was to identify biomarkers for monitoring pre-analytical mRNA quality variations in two different types of blood collection tubes, K2EDTA (EDTA) tubes and PAXgene Blood RNA ...
Ha Hojin H Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang, Gyeongbuk, Republic of - - 2014
Although a helical configuration of a prosthetic vascular graft appears to be clinically beneficial in suppressing thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia, an optimization of a helical design has yet to be achieved because of the lack of a detailed understanding on hemodynamic features in helical grafts and their fluid dynamic influences. ...
Malentacchi Francesca F Department of Biomedical Experimental and Clinical Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
One purpose of the EC funded project, SPIDIA, is to develop evidence-based quality guidelines for the pre-analytical handling of blood samples for RNA molecular testing. To this end, two pan-European External Quality Assessments (EQAs) were implemented. Here we report the results of the second SPIDIA-RNA EQA. This second study included ...
Gore Christopher J - - 2013
We describe here the 3-year process underpinning a multinational collaboration to investigate soccer played at high altitude-La Paz, Bolivia (3600 m). There were two main aims: first, to quantify the extent to which running performance would be altered at 3600 m compared with near sea level; and second, to characterise ...
Kangas Patrick P Department of Environmental Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA; Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to determine nutrient removal rates and costs using solar-powered algal turf scrubber (ATS) raceways and water from an agricultural drainage ditch. Algal productivity using daytime-only flow was 3-lower compared to productivity using continuous flow. Results from this and other studies suggest a non-linear relationship ...
Yoshihara Hiroyuki - - 2013
Study Design. Retrospective study.Objective. The purpose of this study was to examine the trends in the utilization of blood transfusion in spinal fusion in the US from 2000 to 2009.Summary of Background Data. Spinal fusion is among the most common surgical procedures that necessitate blood transfusion. Blood transfusion methods include ...
Marginean Ioan - - 2013
Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) at flow rates below ~10 nL/min has been only sporadically explored because of difficulty in reproducibly fabricating emitters that can operate at lower flow rates. Here we demonstrate narrow orifice chemically etched emitters for stable electrospray at flow rates as low as 400 pL/min. Depending on the ...
Zhong Min M Department of Physics, Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia, VA 22903 USA (telephone: 434-260-0507, mz3bs@virginia.edu - - 2013
Quantitative evaluation of dynamic Positron Emission Tomography (PET) of mouse heart in vivo is challenging due to the small size of the heart and limited intrinsic spatial resolution of the PET scanner. Here, we optimized a compartment model which can simultaneously correct for spill over and partial volume effects for ...
Paone Gaetano - - 2013
Between January 2008 and December 2012, a multicenter quality collaborative initiated a focus on blood conservation as a quality metric, with educational presentations and quarterly reporting of institutional-level perioperative transfusion rates and outcomes. This prospective cohort study was undertaken to determine the effect of that initiative on transfusion rates after ...
Berrios René - - 2013
In 2007, the blood collection rate in Nicaragua was 106.6 units per 10,000 inhabitants. Voluntary donation was 39%. The health authorities decided to pursue self sufficiency of blood by eliminating replacement donation and consolidating blood processing in two centers. Replacement donation was terminated in 2009, voluntary donation reached 100% in ...
Wind Tyler C - - 2013
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) may produce blood loss requiring allogenic blood transfusion. Recently several authors have reported success decreasing their transfusion rate with tranexamic acid (TXA). We retrospectively reviewed our last 1595 primary THA in 1494 patients looking at whether the patients received TXA via IV infusion, topical application, or ...
Phasomkusolsil Siriporn - - 2013
Artificial membrane-feeding techniques have replaced direct feeding on animals for the maintenance of malaria and arbovirus vectors in many laboratories. Membrane feeding facilitates controlled experimentation of pathogen transmission during mosquito feeding. Sheep blood is commonly used due to its availability and low cost. We evaluated the impact of blood source ...
Diniz Bruno B Doheny Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California, - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to determine the performance of dual pneumatic ultra high-speed 23-gauge cutters operated with variable duty cycle (DC) settings. Frame-by-frame analysis of high-speed video was used to determine the DC in core, 50-50, and shave modes. Using three cutters at various cycles per minute and ...
Rabizadeh Esther - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The availability of historical data decreases the rate of blood smear review rates in outpatients, but we are unaware of studies done at referral centres. In the following study, we determined the effect of historical data on the rates of peripheral blood smears over a 3-month period and then ...
Kaserzon Sarit L - - 2013
A recently developed modified polar organic chemical integrative sampler (POCIS) provides a means for monitoring perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) in water. However, changes in external flow rates may alter POCIS sampling behaviour and consequently affect estimated water concentrations of analytes. In this work, uptake kinetics of selected PFCs, over 15 days, ...
Tarafder Abhijit - - 2013
Previous reports have highlighted the influence of the properties of the mobile phase flow rate on the column performance achieved in supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC). In SFC both the mass and the volumetric flow rates have unique influences on the chromatographic performance and the determination of their exact values is ...
Ji Haifeng - - 2013
Combining the Capacitively Coupled Contactless Conductivity Detection (C4D) technique and the principle of cross correlation flow measurement, a new method for flow rate measurement in millimeter-scale pipes was proposed. The research work included two parts. First, a new five-electrode C4D sensor was developed. Second, with two conductivity signals obtained by ...
Ströbel Ulrich U Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering Potsdam-Bornim (ATB), Potsdam, Germany. - - 2013
Progress in sensor technique and electronics has led to a decrease in the costs of electronic and sensor components. In modern dairy farms, having udders in good condition, a lower frequency of udder disease and an extended service life of dairy cows will help ensure competitiveness. The objective of this ...
Tachtsidis Ilias I Department of Medical Physics & Bioengineering, University College London, Malet Place Engineering Building, London, UK, - - 2013
Frontal lobe activation caused by tasks such as videogames can be investigated using multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), sometimes called optical topography. The aims of this study are to investigate the effects of video gaming (fighting and puzzle games) in the brain and the systemic physiology and to determine whether systemic ...
Ajcharanukul O - - 2012
Evidence suggests that postural changes in systemic blood pressure may significantly affect blood flow in the dental pulp. This in vivo study examined the responses of pulpal perfusion, systemic blood pressure, and heart rate to postural changes in humans. The experiments were done on 21 premolars in 16 participants aged ...
Diniz Bruno B Doheny Eye Institute, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. - - 2013
Dual pneumatic systems use two separate air line tubes to open and close the cutter and can achieve high cut rates. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of gauge size, cut rate and aspiration on the flow rate performance of ultra high-speed cutters operated with a ...
van der Eijk Anne C - - 2012
AIM: To provide an overview of factors influencing the flow rate in intravenous (IV) therapy for newborns. METHODS: We conducted a review of the literature from 1980 to 2011 in PubMed and Web of Knowledge. Articles focusing on flow-rate variability and possible complications due to flow-rate variability were included. RESULTS: ...
Sadoh W E - - 2012
Introduction: This study evaluated the cardiovascular responses to blood transfusion in children with anemic heart failure using mostly clinical parameters. Materials and Methods: Consecutive patients with anemic heart failure presenting to a children's emergency room and requiring blood transfusion were assessed for heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), systolic blood ...
Myrden Andrew - - 2012
In this study, we conducted an offline analysis of transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound recordings to investigate potential methods for increasing data transmission rate in a TCD-based brain-computer interface. Cerebral blood flow velocity was recorded within the left and right middle cerebral arteries while nine able-bodied participants alternated between rest and ...
Hunt Peter W - - 2012
In this issue of Blood, Pandrea et al provide a mechanistic link between SIV-associated microbial translocation and both thrombotic and cardiovascular disease in the pigtail macaque model.
Yorimitsu Daisuke - - 2012
Hemodialysis techniques for small animals have not been established because no small dialysis apparatus has been available. We recently developed a small-size dialyzer and established an appropriate blood purification system for small animals. To confirm the appropriate dialysate flow rate, bovine blood was dialyzed for 60 min at a fixed blood ...
Banks William A - - 2012
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) separates the central nervous system (CNS) from the peripheral tissues. However, this does not prevent hormones from entering the brain, but shifts the main control of entry to the BBB. In general, steroid hormones cross the BBB by transmembrane diffusion, a nonsaturable process resulting in brain ...
Liu Wei-Ye - - 2012
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a dynamic interference that regulates the nutrition and toxic substance in and out of the central nervous system (CNS), and plays a crucial role in maintaining a stable circumstance of the CNS. Tight junctions among adjacent cells form the basic structure of BBB to limiting paracellular ...
Archer David F - - 2012
Introduction. Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) and the spotting and bleeding (S/B) associated with the use of hormonal contraceptives are distinct entities affecting endometrial vasculature and hemostasis. Materials and methods. An overview of the major etiologies and potential treatments for each condition is provided. Results. HMB is potentially caused by several different hemostatic dysfunctions. ...
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