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Results 401 - 450 of 579
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Noguchi K - - 1992
A HPLC method is developed for the determination of glutathione isopropyl ester, a drug for the treatment of cerebral vascular disease, in rat, dog and human blood. The blood is deproteinized with sulphosalicylic acid and the clear supernatant treated with a thiol-specific fluorogenic reagent, ammonium 7-fluorobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole-4-sulphonate (SBD-F) in borate buffer ...
Telford R D - - 1992
Blood indicators of eight vitamins (B1, B2, B6, C, E, A, B12, folate) and six minerals (Cu, Mg, Zn, Ca, P, Al) were measured in 86 athletes before and after a 7- to 8-month period of training. During this period half consumed a multivitamin/mineral supplement and a matched group took ...
Iioka H - - 1992
The present study was primarily concerned with in vitro investigation of vitamin K2 (MK-4) transport using human placental villous tissues, with the objective of elucidating the placental transport mechanism of vitamin K2. 1. When vitamin K2 (MK-4) was not administered to gravidae, the observed concentrations of vitamin K2 were 0.32 ...
Bell F P - - 1992
Circulating blood monocytes were isolated from normal and hypercholesterolemic swine, and the monocyte lipid compositions and lipid biosynthesis profiles were assessed. The data indicate that monocytes freshly isolated from hyperlipemic swine have increased phospholipid and cholesterol contents and have increased biosynthetic capability for synthesizing phospholipids, triglycerides, and cholesteryl esters, but ...
Hall E D - - 1992
A considerable body of information supports the occurrence and pathophysiological importance of oxygen radical-mediated lipid peroxidation in acute cerebral damage secondary to traumatic or ischemic injury. Moreover, peroxidative mechanisms have been implicated in chronic neurodegenerative (e.g., Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases) and demyelinating (e.g., multiple sclerosis) disorders. Consequently, there has been ...
Thordstein M - - 1992
To detect a possible relationship between the increased vulnerability of the brain of the growth retarded fetus and lipid peroxidation, the activity of the latter was investigated in the forebrain of rat fetuses on day 22 of gestation (term = 23). Growth retardation was induced by uterine artery ligation on ...
Mathew O P - - 1991
Milk flow achieved during feeding may contribute to the ventilatory depression observed during nipple feeding. One of the important determinants of milk flow is the size of the feeding hole. In the first phase of the study, investigators compared the breathing patterns of 10 preterm infants during bottle feeding with ...
Bruckmaier R - - 1991
alpha-Adrenergic mimetics inhibit milk removal whereas beta-adrenergic mimetics have a favourable effect upon milk removal in dairy cows. This work aimed to relate these effects to the milk ejection reflex mechanism and/or milk flow from the cisternal cavities only. The alpha-adrenergic agonist phenylephrine and the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol were injected ...
Tang C C - - 1991
Supplementation of mice from 22 d old with the K-Selenocarrageenan (0.25 ppm Se) in drinking water reduced gestation period by 3.2 d. Selenium supplementation increased litter size by 53.8% and average litter weight by 5%. Continuous supplementation with selenium (0.25 ppm) of mice until the age of 50-56 d significantly ...
Shaheen A A - - 1991
Radioprotective effect of cysteine, vitamin E and their combination on gamma-irradiation-induced alteration in some haematological parameters in male rats has been studied 24 and 48 hrs after whole-body gamma-irradiation at a dose level of 7.5 Gy. The results of this study reveal that gamma-irradiation caused a significant decrease in red ...
Grindal R J - - 1991
In a series of short-term experiments cows were subjected to exaggerated bacterial challenge and accentuated milking machine conditions known to predispose to new mammary infection. The incidence of new intramammary infection was significantly greater in quarters with peak flow rates greater than 1.6 kg/min whether they were exposed to impacts ...
Okine E K - - 1991
Four nonlactating Holstein dairy cows (BW = 692 +/- 49 kg) were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square design experiment to determine how changes in attributes of reticular contractions were related to changes in passage of digesta from the ruminoreticulum in cattle fed a forage-based diet. Frequencies of ...
Iioka H - - 1991
In order to examine the pharmacokinetics of vitamin K2, vitamin K2 (MK-4) was intravenously injected into mothers, and its transfer to placental tissue and the fetuses was examined. While incorporation of vitamin K2 into placental tissue was relatively active, transfer of vitamin K2 to fetal blood (cord blood) was small. ...
West J W - - 1991
Thirty-one lactating Holstein and Jersey cows were used to determine the effects of daily injections of 0 or 20 mg of recombinant bST on physiologic responses during hot, humid weather. Body temperature was determined by measuring milk temperature at each milking. Jugular blood was sampled for serum analysis of selected ...
Löwik M R - - 1991
The losses and redistribution of vitamin C in blood fractions (stabilized with reduced glutathione) during 4 hours of storage at room temperature in the dark was studied among 27 elderly women. Storage did not have a statistically significant (p greater than 0.05) effect on the mean vitamin C levels in ...
Saralakumari D - - 1991
Chronic exposure of humans to toxic levels of fluoride in drinking water resulted in significant increase in blood GSH content with significant increase in the activities of erythrocyte glutathione metabolising enzymes viz., gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (E.C. 6.3.2.2), gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (E.C. 2.3.2.2), GST (E.C. 2.5.1.18), GSH-Px (E.C. 1.11.1.9) and GR (E.C. 1.6.4.2). The ...
Godfrey R W - - 1991
Brahman (n = 9) and 1/2 Simmental x 1/4 Brahman x 1/4 Hereford (n = 11) calves were utilized to determine the influence of exposure to cold on the physiology of the neonate. All calves were removed from their dams within 20 min of birth and prior to suckling. Calves ...
Quigley J D JD - - 1991
Effects of weaning age on plasma VFA were examined using 16 Holstein heifer calves. Animals entered the study at 6 +/- 3.5 d of age and were fed 1.8 kg milk twice daily to 28 (early weaning) or 56 d (late weaning) and a commercial pelleted calf starter from 0 ...
Lodman D W - - 1990
A winter grazing study was conducted to determine whether DL-methionine could replace soybean meal as a N supplement for gestating beef cows. During two winters (Trial 1, n = 51; Trial 2, n = 60), crossbred beef cows grazed native foothill range. Three treatment groups were supplemented with either none ...
Beers K - - 1990
The effect of glutathione (GSH) depletion on mean celiac blood flow (MCBF) was determined in domestic fowl. Diethyl maleate (DEM, 1 mL/kg body wt) decreased hepatic and duodenal GSH to approximately 15% of control. This GSH depletion was associated with an increase in MCBF and decreases in mean arterial blood ...
Robinson P H - - 1990
Two dairy cows fitted with rumen cannulas and closed T-shaped duodenal cannulas were utilized to examine duodenal cannula function and indigestible marker performance. Cows were fed one of two mixed diets and hay separately twice daily. Diets contained sources of supplemental protein that differed in expected rate of ruminal degradation. ...
Müller K - - 1990
Recent studies have suggested that vitamin D3 may have an immunoregulatory role in vitro. The vitamin D3 metabolism in 35 patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome was investigated by measuring blood concentrations of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1 alpha,25-(OH)2D3) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OHD3), as well as phenotypes and blood concentrations of Gc ...
Rath M - - 1990
The concept that lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a surrogate for ascorbate is suggested by the fact that this lipoprotein is found generally in the blood of primates and the guinea pig, which have lost the ability to synthesize ascorbate, but only rarely in the blood of other animals. Properties of Lp(a) ...
Veillon C - - 1990
A stable (nonradioactive) isotope of selenium in a chemical form common in foods (selenomethionine) or inorganic selenite was taken orally (200 micrograms/d) for 3 wk to label deep body pools. By deep body pools we mean selenium compartments that are large and/or have a slow turnover (exchange) rate. Blood plasma ...
Carmel D K - - 1990
We surveyed the whole blood selenium status of a randomly sampled population of horses from 4 contiguous counties in northern Maryland. Two hundred and two horses from 74 farms were sampled. Whole blood selenium levels greater than or equal to 0.100 parts per million (ppm) were considered adequate; blood levels ...
Browne T R - - 1990
A thorough understanding of the pharmacologic properties of lipid-soluble drugs is essential when using these agents to treat status epilepticus. In addition to physiologic factors, such as blood pressure and cerebral blood flow, pharmacokinetic principles, including half-life, distribution, elimination, and volume of distribution (with special regard to an agent's lipid-solubility ...
Tyler C R - - 1990
This study provides quantitative data on the dynamics of protein sequestration into vitellogenic follicles of the rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri. The ovarian uptake of both radiolabelled vitellogenin (VTG) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were investigated in a homogenous population of maturing vitellogenic females.Ten fish were injected with (3)H. VTG directly ...
Johnstone A C - - 1990
The gross and histological features of congenital lipoprotein lipase deficiency are described in eight cats. The main histological features could be directly related to the presence of the chylomicronaemia. They consisted of lipid accumulation within clear vacuoles or ceroid accumulation within residual bodies in parenchymatous organs such as the liver, ...
Mathew O P - - 1990
The aim of the present study was to elucidate the role of hole size and thickness in determining milk flow through nipple units during bottle feeding. Commonly used standard nipple units (SMA single-hole, Enfamil single-hole, and Twist-on) for term and preterm infants, as well as Nuk-type nipple units (SMA Nuk, ...
Lough D S - - 1990
Six midlactation Holstein cows were exposed to treatments of thermal comfort environments with ad libitum or restricted (70% of ad libitum) DM intake and a thermal stress environment with ad libitum intake in two balanced 3 X 3 Latin squares to evaluate effects on mammary blood flow and other physiological ...
Mills B J - - 1990
The accurate assessment of glutathione status of blood is essential for its use as an index of health and aging. A major variable in glutathione analysis is sample processing, and identification of optimal standard conditions is needed. Thus our objective was to evaluate several methods to determine which one yields ...
Flatt A - - 1990
Selenium is an essential component of glutathione peroxidase, an enzyme that helps protect cells against oxidation damage and modulates the lipoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism. Low selenium concentrations might therefore influence the inflammatory process in asthma by reducing the activity of glutathione peroxidase. Whole blood and plasma selenium concentrations ...
Nielsen M O - - 1990
1. Mammary blood flow was measured during the lactation period in two low- and two high-yielding dairy goats (peak milk yields approx. 1.5 and 3.6 kg/day respectively), using the ultrasound Doppler principle for determination of blood velocity in both milk veins (subcutaneous abdominal veins) of the animals, and ultrasound scanning ...
Hamliri A - - 1990
In order to evaluate the selenium status of sheep in the major raising areas of Morocco, blood selenium concentration, erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase activity and feed selenium levels were determined. A total of 843 blood samples from sheep and 118 feed samples were analyzed. Results showed that 73% of sheep sampled ...
Roets E - - 1989
Milking characteristics were measured on 14 cows at morning milkings. After collection of blood, cows were slaughtered and teats were removed. beta 2-Adrenoceptors on teat tissue and lymphocyte membranes were identified by binding of [3H]dihydroalprenolol. For the determination of alpha 2-adrenoceptors on teat tissue and blood platelet membranes, [3H]rauwolscine was ...
Nickerson S C - - 1989
The in vivo effects of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor on blood and milk leukocytes in dairy cows was examined. A 2-fold increase in peripheral white blood cell counts was observed by d 5 of treatment and peaked on d 12 with values 3-fold those of controls. Counts remained elevated ...
Hattingh J - - 1989
Blood was obtained over a period of 20 minutes by remote controlled procedures from cattle while they were herded. Samples were analysed for catecholamines, cortisol, haematocrit, total lipid, glucose and lactate. The results show that the response to a given stressor is specific and suggest that multiple stressors may not ...
Stone J - - 1989
1. Selenium is an essential component of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px, EC 1.11.1.9), an enzyme which helps protects cells against damage caused by free radicals and hydroperoxides. 2. We report the plasma, whole blood and platelet concentrations of selenium, and whole blood and platelet activities of GSH-Px, in 49 patients with ...
Braun U - - 1989
A biochemical examination was made of the blood and rumen fluid of 111 heifers and cows suffering from caecal dilatation, with or without torsion. Haematological values were normal in the majority of cattle. Concentrations of chloride were normal in the rumen fluid of 83 per cent of the animals and ...
Dollin A E - - 1989
Meiotic chromosome pairing abnormalities in full-blood and hybrid Bos taurus and B. indicus cattle have been surveyed by electron microscopy of pachytene synaptonemal complex spreads. In this paper the full-blood spreads are described in detail, including the use of XY and nucleolar morphology and other measured parameters for pachytene substaging. ...
el-Ayoty S A - - 1989
An attempt was made to study the effect of the presence of "El-Nasr" Fertilizer Plant in "Talkha" on the nitrate content of berseem as well as on some blood and milk constituents of buffaloes raised in the surrounding areas of the factory. The studied areas included the northern area (0-2 ...
Tsin A T - - 1989
Two groups of goldfish (Carassius auratus) were subjected to light and temperature conditions known to promote a contrast in their scotopic visual pigment compositions. After 3 weeks, the porphyropsin/rhodopsin ratio in the neuroretina of these goldfish ranged from 99% porphyropsin in one group to 59% in the other. Samples of ...
Thompson W G - - 1989
The sensitivities and specificities of the mean cell volume (MCV), the red cell distribution width (RDW), and blood smear hypersegmentation for B12 deficiency were reviewed in 515 patients whose B12 levels were determined. 61 patients had B12 levels less than 200 pg/ml. 43 patients were defined as B12 deficient (n ...
Dill S G - - 1989
Serum vitamin E and blood glutathione peroxidase values were determined in 40 horses with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of degenerative myeloencephalopathy and in 49 age-matched control horses with normal neurologic function. Significant differences were not detected in serum vitamin E or blood glutathione peroxidase values between horses affected with degenerative ...
Kincaid R L - - 1989
Selenium status of dam, injected Se, and dietary Ca on calf blood Se concentrations were determined in two trials. Blood was collected from heifer calf and dam pairs at parturition. Half of the calves were injected intramuscularly with .0825 mg Se/kg body weight at birth while the other half received ...
Koskinen P - - 1988
To assess the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition with quinapril on blood lipid profile, serum total cholesterol and triglycerides, together with high-density and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were analysed in 23 hypertensive patients receiving either placebo (7 patients) or quinapril hydrochloride (16 patients). After 12 weeks of therapy there were no ...
Sieradzan R R - - 1988
The effects of cefoxitin and cefotetan on vitamin K metabolism and clotting parameters in five healthy subjects were investigated. No changes in prothrombin time or in the formation of abnormal prothrombin were seen either during or following the cefoxitin or cefotetan phase. However, when phytonadione (10 mg) (vitamin K1) was ...
Pyykkö K - - 1988
Concentrations of selenium in the soil are very low in most regions in Finland, which explains the low selenium contents of agricultural plants and the low dietary intake of selenium. The poor selenium status of the population in Finland has been considered a possible risk to public health. In 1984, ...
Garry F - - 1988
Physical and clinicopathologic findings from six cows with proximal duodenal obstruction (PDO) and 58 cows with abomasal volvulus (AV) were compared retrospectively. Many of the physical signs were similar in cows with PDO and cows with AV, but the two conditions differed in the type of abdominal distention, and in ...
Schramel P - - 1988
The concentrations of the essential trace elements Cu, Fe, and Zn, and of the mineral elements Ca, K, Mg, and P during the perinatal period in human placenta and in the blood of the mother and the newborn (cord blood) were determined. Breast milk (colostrum and transitory milk) was also ...
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