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Results 351 - 400 of 575
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Richie J P JP - - 1996
Little is known about the variability of blood glutathione (GSH) in human subjects. Thus, we wanted to develop and validate a rapid method for measuring GSH concentrations in whole blood and apply this method to ascertain the variation of GSH in a large-scale study of free-living adults. The assay was ...
Atroshi F - - 1996
The following blood constituents were measured in the blood and/or serum from healthy and mastitic cows: lipid peroxides (LPO), alkaline phosphatase (AP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), urea, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), cyclic AMP (cAMP), electrolytes (Na, K), white blood cells (WBC), haemoglobin (Hb), haematocrit, eosinophils, and electrical conductivity. The ...
Murakami T - - 1995
1. To determine biochemically the incipient timing of cerebral stroke in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) the relation between the glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in erythrocytes and the extent of stroke lesion was investigated. 2. When the blood pressure of SHRSP was maintained over 250 mmHg, the GSH-Px activity was ...
Pfeilsticker H U - - 1995
Experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that milk ejection rate decreases during milking, thereby causing insufficient refill of the cistern and decreasing milk flow rate towards the end of milking. In a first series of experiments machine milking of the left front quarters of 11 cows was interrupted for ...
Guan Y - - 1995
The Yishoujiangzhi (de-blood-lipid) tablets (composed of Radix Polygori Multiflori, Rhizoma Polygonati, Fructus Lycii, Crataegus Pinnatifida and Cassia Tora) were used in the treatment of 130 cases of hyperlipemia, achieving an effective rate of 87.0% in lowering serum cholesterol and 80.8% in lowering triglyceride.
Gaudichon C - - 1995
Milk and yoghurt proteins were 15N-labelled in order to measure the flow rate of exogenous N during digestion in the human intestine. After fasting overnight, sixteen healthy volunteers, each with a naso-jejunal tube, ingested either [15N]milk (n 7) or [15N]yoghurt (n 9). Jejunal samples were collected every 20 min for ...
Murakami T - - 1995
The incipient timing of cerebral strokes in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) was biochemically determined by investigating the relationship between the glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in erythrocytes and the extent of stroke lesions. When the blood pressure of SHRSPs was maintained at over 240 mmHg, the GSH-Px activity fell, ...
Cant J P - - 1995
A dynamic mathematical model of blood flow regulation in the mammary glands of a lactating cow was constructed from a principle of local vasodilator release in response to changes in intracellular adenylate charge. An equation was derived to predict uptake of the milk precursors acetate, glucose, amino acids and fatty ...
Cachia O - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to establish which blood characteristic of vitamin E status were highly correlated between mothers and fetuses during gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-four pregnant women were selected because of suspicion of toxoplasmosis or other disease and malformation or intrauterine growth delay justifying cord blood puncture. After maternal and ...
Teramoto S - - 1995
The oxidant-antioxidant imbalance in the lower respiratory tract plays a major role in the pathogenesis in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, the systemic oxidant-antioxidant balance in the patients with IPF has not been extensively evaluated. In this study, the metabolism of glutathione (GSH) and superoxide anion production of whole blood ...
Malbe M - - 1995
The dairy cows at the Estonian Agricultural University appeared to have an extremely low selenium status. The selenium level was 5.6 micrograms/l in whole blood and 3.2 micrograms/l in milk, on average. The blood glutathione peroxidase was consequently extremely low. The effects of organic selenium (selenized yeast) and sodium selenite ...
Oskarsson A - - 1995
Breast milk is the ideal nutrient for the newborn, but unfortunately also a route of excretion for some toxic substances. Very little attention has been paid to breast milk as a source of exposure to toxic elements. The dose-dependent excretion is breast milk and the uptake in the neonate of ...
Fernández-Garayzábal J F - - 1995
16S rRNA gene sequencing studies were performed on some Gram-positive coryneform bacteria of unknown taxonomic position isolated from blood and milk of healthy cows. Comparative sequence analysis demonstrated that the milk isolates corresponded to Oerskovia xanthineolytica whereas those from blood consisted of two distinct, albeit highly related species, within the ...
Starkopf J - - 1995
Oxidative stress and subsequent lipid peroxidation have been suggested as pathogenetically important for postischaemic reperfusion injury. We studied the time-course of oxidative stress in 14 adults undergoing cardiac surgery, evaluating serum levels of lipid peroxidation products--diene conjugates (DC) and basal and Fe-stimulated thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS, FeTEBARS)--as well as ...
Negru T - - 1995
Changes of the redox balance are reflected at the blood level in old agers--chronically intoxicated with alcohol--presenting degenerative psycho-organic syndromes (DPOS). The parameters investigated were lipid peroxidation reduced glutathione and the total SH groups. The changes of the antioxidant enzymatic system expressed by the activity of superoxide dysmutase, of glutathione ...
Prosser C G - - 1995
The aim of this study was to compare the plasma concentration profile, mammary blood flow response and transfer into milk of intact IGF-I with that of its truncated analogue, des(1-3)IGF-I (des-IGF-I). Each peptide was infused for 24 h into the pudic artery supplying one mammary gland of lactating goats (n ...
Kau N - - 1995
The alternative use of flame photometry and ion selective electrodes for electrolyte determinations in neonatology led to the question how the two methods agree. 104 routine blood samples were taken as matched pairs for a comparison of sodium and potassium determinations. Pre-analytical error was avoided by the mode of blood ...
Guinard J - - 1994
The experiment examined patterns of mammary uptake of individual AA when graded amounts of calcium caseinate (0, 177, 362, and 762 g/d) were infused duodenally into four lactating cows. Six blood samples were collected over 12 h from the subcutaneous abdominal vein and the carotid. Mammary blood flow was measured ...
Ozkan H - - 1994
The differences between breast milk and infant formulas have been a popular subject of many recent studies. Most concern the chemical and biological characteristics of breast milk and infant formulas, but little work has been done about hemodynamic changes in the splanchnic circulation. In term neonates (n = 22) we ...
Päpke O - - 1994
70 blood samples--collected in 1993 in Germany--have been analysed for PCDD/PCDF. For all persons involved, no certain expose, except for food consumption, has been reported. The levels measured show a decrease of PCDD/PCDF compared to previous data on blood collected mainly in 1989 and in 1992. This trend for the ...
Bruckmaier R M - - 1994
Forty-four goats were milked and milk flow recorded without or with 1 min manual prestimulation in early, mid and late lactation. Ultrasound measurements of cross sections of the whole mammary gland were performed in a water bath. In additional experiments with 15 goats, milk flow was recorded and frequent blood ...
Bequette B J - - 1994
The kinetics of blood free amino acids (AA) transfer into milk casein were compared in goats (n 4) at 61 (SE 5) d (Expt 1; post-peak, 4.51 (SE 0.26) kg milk/d) and at 180 (SE 6) d (Expt 2; late, 2.36 (SE 0.16) kg milk/d) of lactation during non-primed, continuous ...
Picardo M - - 1994
We have previously reported that patients with active vitiligo (AVP) have elevated urinary levels of catecholamine metabolites, such as homovanillic and vanilmandelic acids, irrespective of the form of the disease (acrofacial, segmental, generalized). We have suggested that abnormal release of catecholamines from autonomic nerve endings might play an etiological role ...
Schlesser J E - - 1994
A flow calibration tube system was assembled to determine the volumetric flow rates for water and various dairy products through a holding tube, using three different flow promotion methods. With the homogenizer, the volumetric flow rates of water and reconstituted skim milk were within 1.5% of each other. With the ...
Stelwagen K - - 1994
The timing and relation of changes in mammary epithelial cell tight junction integrity and mammary blood flow during a 36-h milking interval were studied in six lactating Saanen goats. An increase in lactose concentration in plasma, a decrease in transepithelial potential difference, and changes in ionic milk composition were used ...
Laurman W - - 1994
A fatty streak, the earliest atherosclerotic lesion consists mostly of lipid-laden macrophages. The mechanism leading to accumulation of cholestrol ester in macrophages in vivo is unknown, but it may result from the uptake of modified low density lipoproteins that enter from blood or are modified within the arterial wall. In ...
Putyatina T K - - 1994
In order to examine the elimination rate of Perfluorodecalin (FDC) emulsions stabilized with different emulsifiers--yolk phospholipid (EYP) and procsanol P-268 (analog of Pluronic F-68)--we performed controlled trials on excretion of FDC in exhaled air, elimination from blood and accumulation in the liver. Adult Wistar rats were injected intravenously with FDC ...
Schulz P - - 1994
The patterns of biochemical and physiological variables values are subject-specific and quite stable over time. Thus, within the limits imposed by physiological requirements, the composition of the 'milieu intérieur' varies between individuals. It follows that having all values of blood constituents within the norm (defined statistically from populations of healthy ...
Walsh S W - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: We attempted to determine whether the human placenta secretes lipid peroxides. If it does, then it could be a source of lipid peroxides in maternal blood. STUDY DESIGN: In study 1 isolated human placental cotyledons (n = 7) were perfused serially for 20-minute intervals with control Krebs-Ringer-bicarbonate buffer gassed ...
Bruckmaier R M - - 1993
Eight cows were machine milked either in an operating theatre or in their familiar barn. During the experiments, milk flow curves were recorded and blood samples were taken for determination of concentrations of oxytocin, prolactin, cortisol and beta-endorphin. The milking cluster was attached without udder preparation. After cessation of milk ...
Suzuki N - - 1993
An improved flow injection analysis (FIA) method has been developed for the determination of trace selenium in biological samples, and this method has been applied to investigate the effect of captopril, an antihypertensive drug having a thiol group, on selenium concentrations in the rat blood, liver and urine. After oral ...
Winterbach H E - - 1993
Milk samples were taken daily or twice weekly, and blood samples twice weekly, from six clinically healthy dairy cows. Acetone concentration was determined by a new headspace gas-chromatographic method that proved to be suitable in terms of practically, sensitivity and precision. The concentration of acetone in milk was closely correlated ...
Sultan S M - - 1993
A flow injection titrimetric method for the assay of vitamin C using cerium(IV) was developed. A 157 mul vitamin C solution was injected into a carrier stream of 7.48 x 10(-3)M cerium(IV) prepared in 0.10M sulfuric acid flowing at a rate of 5.0 ml/min. A 1.3 ml mixing chamber was ...
Ryan J J - - 1993
The pharmacokinetics of polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in humans was studied by monitoring the blood concentrations of individuals who ingested a contaminated rice oil in Japan (yusho) in 1968 and in Taiwan (yu-cheng) in 1979. Sixteen yusho patients were followed from 1982 to 1990 and three yu-cheng ...
Dutta H - - 1993
Considering the high lipophilicity of propranolol (log P = 3.56), its interactions with the cell membrane lipids of goat blood have been investigated. It is observed that lipid loss after incubation of blood cells with propranolol hydrochloride in salt glucose medium for varying periods of time was accompanied with significant ...
Coe P H - - 1993
A field trial was conducted to measure differences in performance between selenium-supplemented and nonsupplemented heifers on a 1,200-cow California dairy. One hundred seventeen 19- to 27-month-old Holstein heifers were randomly assigned to treatment (n = 59) and control (n = 58) groups. A federally approved, commercially available, sustained-release intraruminal selenium ...
Mason R P - - 1993
Double quantum selective coherence transfer proton NMR spectroscopy has been used to observe glutathione in whole blood. The efficient water suppression of this technique avoids the need to resuspend the cells in D2O, hence avoiding equilibrium and kinetic isotope effects. Using this method we estimate the concentration of glutathione in ...
Vandeputte-Van Messom G - - 1993
In the present study newly calved cows were tentatively classified as moderate and severe responders to experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis based upon the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-generating capacity of their blood neutrophils before infection. The groups differed in blood and milk composition prior to infection. This initial classification was ...
Walawski K - - 1993
A herd of cows of the same age, kept in a stable system under controlled environmental conditions, was used to estimate the repeatability of diagnostic blood and milk indices in several stages of the I, II and III lactation. Attention was paid to genetic and non-genetic sources of phenotypic variation. ...
Prosser C G - - 1992
The milk yield and mammary blood flow responses to close-arterial, intra-mammary infusion of IGF-I were investigated in five Saanen goats milked frequently or normally the day before. Animals were infused for 6 h with recombinant human IGF-I (1.3 nmol/min) and milked hourly following i.v. injection of oxytocin beginning 2 h ...
Singh S S - - 1992
In dairy cattle, histopathology of the outer hind claws with overgrown sole revealed arteriosclerosis of blood vessels at the ulcer site in the sole. The laminae did not show any hyperplasia of the epidermis and thrombi were not seen in the blood vessels. Partial or complete disappearance of onychogenic substance ...
Girard C L - - 1992
Four calves were equipped with an electromagnetic flow probe inside the transverse duodenum and with electrodes at intervals of 2 cm on either side of the probe. Amounts of 0.5, 2.0, 3.5, and 5.0 kg of whole milk were given according to a latin square design. Recordings of digesta flow ...
Tsuchida E - - 1992
Lipophilic heme (1-laurylimidazole-ligated 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(alpha, alpha, alpha, alpha-o- pivalamidophenyl)porphinatoiron(II) complex) is solubilized in lipid (triglyceride) at high concentrations and emulsified with a phospholipid in physiological salt solution, giving a deeply red-colored suspension of lipid microspheres (approx. 250 nm in diameter). The heme forms an oxygen adduct in a similar manner as ...
Cooney S J - - 1992
A recently developed radioimmunoassay for PAF was applied to blood extracts with the aims of defining and overcoming problems that lead to erroneous results and establishing optimum conditions for the accurate determination of PAF levels. The high lipid content of blood was found to interfere with the assay, and it ...
Ahsan O - - 1992
In order to judge the therapeutic efficacy of thiamine (vitamin B(1)) in B-complex preparations, three commercial syrup preparations were analysed for thiamine content and their blood absorption in rabbits was compared with that of thiamine as a single entity. A separate experiment was performed to find the effect of sugar ...
Metcalf J A - - 1992
Blood flow across the lactating bovine mammary gland was measured by two techniques. The use of transit time flow probes appeared to give flows which correlated well with dye dilution in only one of five cows, although the relative changes in flow were similar between the techniques in four of ...
Noguchi K - - 1992
A HPLC method is developed for the determination of glutathione isopropyl ester, a drug for the treatment of cerebral vascular disease, in rat, dog and human blood. The blood is deproteinized with sulphosalicylic acid and the clear supernatant treated with a thiol-specific fluorogenic reagent, ammonium 7-fluorobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole-4-sulphonate (SBD-F) in borate buffer ...
Telford R D - - 1992
Blood indicators of eight vitamins (B1, B2, B6, C, E, A, B12, folate) and six minerals (Cu, Mg, Zn, Ca, P, Al) were measured in 86 athletes before and after a 7- to 8-month period of training. During this period half consumed a multivitamin/mineral supplement and a matched group took ...
Iioka H - - 1992
The present study was primarily concerned with in vitro investigation of vitamin K2 (MK-4) transport using human placental villous tissues, with the objective of elucidating the placental transport mechanism of vitamin K2. 1. When vitamin K2 (MK-4) was not administered to gravidae, the observed concentrations of vitamin K2 were 0.32 ...
Bell F P - - 1992
Circulating blood monocytes were isolated from normal and hypercholesterolemic swine, and the monocyte lipid compositions and lipid biosynthesis profiles were assessed. The data indicate that monocytes freshly isolated from hyperlipemic swine have increased phospholipid and cholesterol contents and have increased biosynthetic capability for synthesizing phospholipids, triglycerides, and cholesteryl esters, but ...
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