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Grace N D - - 2002
AIMS: To quantify the relationship between blood selenium (Se) concentration and growth response to Se supplementation in lambs, in order to assess the reliability of current reference ranges and to predict the magnitude of likely responses to supplementation. METHODS: Data from 24 Se-supplementation growth-response trials which used the following general ...
Masunda B - - 2002
The objectives of this study were to investigate the relationship between the concentrations of progesterone (P4) in the peripheral circulation and progestins in the faeces of cows in a smallholder farming area and to monitor the ovarian activity of such cows. The study was carried out in Sanyati smallholder farming ...
Minnebaev M M - - 2002
Combination therapy with hydrocortisone and norepinephrine improved resorption and transport functions of the lymphatic system during anaphylactic shock, which was accompanied by a considerable increase in the contents of total lipids, phospholipids, cholesterol, nonesterified fatty acids, and malonic dialdehyde (lipid peroxidation product) in the lymph and blood. It should be ...
Dejmek Jan - - 2002
Vitamin C, E and A levels in maternal and cord blood sera were examined at delivery in two districts of the Czech Republic. Information on personal and social characteristics, health, ethnicity, and lifestyle was also collected. A highly significant correlation between ascorbate levels in maternal and cord blood was found. ...
Briegel H - - 2002
The lipid metabolism was investigated during six gonotrophic cycles of Aedes aegypti. Females of constant body size were analyzed for their total lipid content: large females with a body size of 41.06 (wing length cubed) and small females with 15.63. Their lipid contents at eclosion were compared to lipid values ...
Ouerengässer Julia - - 2002
The objective of this study was to investigate peak milk flow, average milk flow, and milk yield in teats with milk flow disorders. A total of 100 hard milking teats were studied in 97 cows. Teats with milk flow disorders were examined endoscopically. Quarter milk flow and quarter milk yield ...
Clauss Marcus - - 2002
Several disease syndromes in captive rhinoceroses have been linked to low vitamin status. Blood samples from captive and free-ranging black (Diceros bicornis) and white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) and tissue samples of captive individuals from four rhinoceros species were analysed for vitamins A and E. Circulating vitamin A levels measured as ...
Raulo S M - - 2002
An endotoxin-induced mastitis model was used to study permeability changes associated with increased milk matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity in early inflammation. One quarter of two cows was inoculated with endotoxin (Escherichia coli 055:B5). Blood, milk, and whey were collected before and repeatedly after inoculation for 48 h. The profile and ...
Yu Yong-Ming - - 2002
Compromised glutathione homeostasis is associated with increased morbidity in various disease states. We evaluated the kinetics of L-5-oxoproline, an intermediate in the gamma-glutamyl cycle of glutathione production, in fourteen severely burned adults by use of a primed, constant intravenous infusion of L-5-[1-(13)C]oxoproline. In nine of these patients, whole blood glutathione ...
Lin Yu-Sheng - - 2002
Pulmonary gas uptake is a function of the blood solubility of a vapor, indicated by the blood/air partition coefficient. We hypothesized that blood lipid compositions are associated with the blood/air partition coefficients of lipophilic toxic vapors such as 1,3-butadiene. Our goal was to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships of blood ...
Janaszewska A - - 2002
Four spectrophotometric methods of determination of antioxidant capacity: a method based on the scavenging of the l,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical, the "ferric-reducing ability of plasma" (FRAP), a method based on reduction of the 2.2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzthiazolinesulfonate) free radical (ABTS.+) and a kinetic method based on the oxidation of dihydro-2,7-dichlorofluorescein by 2,2'-azobis(2-amidopropane) ...
Maulik Gautam - - 2002
In conclusion, we describe the use of fluor-DHPE as a flow cytometric probe to assess lipid peroxidation in erythrocytes. The stability and nonexchangeability of this probe make it suitable for monitoring lipid peroxidation in a particular cell type via flow cytometry, which can be done in the presence of other ...
Runciman D J - - 2002
A diagnosis of dicoumarol toxicity in a herd of Friesian cattle was made following investigation of the deaths of three mature cows and eleven yearling heifers. Affected stock had been fed wrapped, bailed silage containing approximately 90% sweet vernal grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum). Sweet vernal grass contains coumarin, which can be ...
Corti R - - 2001
High levels of plasma lipids have been recognized as a major risk factor in the development and progression of atherosclerosis, and to influence hemorheological factors that may predispose to thrombotic complications. Lipid-lowering interventions have been associated with a significant reduction of morbidity and mortality. Several mechanisms have been postulated for ...
Girard C L - - 2001
In study 1, four cows had a ruminal canula, a catheter in the right ruminal vein and an ultrasonic flow probe around the right ruminal artery; a catheter was placed in the auricular artery on experimental days. Blood samples were taken every 10 min from -20 to 60 min after ...
Van Oostveldt K - - 2001
Increased milk somatic cell counts (SCC) are used as an indicator for bovine mastitis. During mastitis, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) become the predominant cell type. Shortly after parturition, the severity of mastitis is increased and several PMN functions are downregulated. Apoptotic and necrotic processes of PMN could influence SCC and PMN ...
Wenz J R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of bacteremia in dairy cows with naturally occurring acute coliform mastitis (ACM) with a wide range of disease severity. DESIGN: Cohort study. ANIMALS: 144 dairy cows with ACM from 6 herds. PROCEDURE: Cows were examined at time of identification of ACM (time 0) and classified ...
Valencia E - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Physiologic rhythms of antioxidants have been the subject of considerable interest in recent years. Physiologically, it is known that 24-h variability in whole-blood glutathione (GSH) could depend on various factors, such as meal composition, protein dietary content, meal-related hormonal modifications, and stress. Experiments were conducted to determine if the ...
Mehrzad J - - 2001
The non-stimulated and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-stimulated luminol-augmented cellular chemiluminescence (CL) response and viability of milk and blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) were determined in lactating dairy cows during different stages of lactation. In the first study, ten healthy cows each in early, mid and late lactation were compared. In a ...
Bairaktari A - - 2001
We report the case of a patient who had increased lipids in his blood and who complained of dyspnea the first postoperative day after resection of his left lung. As the blood lipids were decreased, his respiration was improved. We conclude that when respiration deteriorates postoperatively, increased blood lipids should ...
Larsen T - - 2001
Certain blood parameters and clinical symptoms have been connected with milk fever and a hypocalcemic condition in the cow. The present study intended to establish a mutual connection between relevant blood parameters and potentially valuable background information about the cow and its observed clinical symptoms at calving. Two veterinarians were ...
Eisenmann J C - - 2001
This study describes the distribution of blood lipid concentrations and examines relationships among training volume (TV, kilometers per week), peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak), body fatness, and blood lipid concentrations in 48 male and 22 female distance runners, aged 10-19 years. Comparisons were made to a current reference sample and clinical ...
Loberg J - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate if access to an artificial teat compared to an open bucket would decrease abnormal sucking in calves held in pairs, and if the calves would perform less abnormal sucking if they spent more time drinking or sucking the milk. In total 16 ...
Bustnes J O - - 2001
In order to examine if whole blood concentrations of organochlorines (OCs) is an appropriate dosimetric parameter for use in ecotoxicological studies of free-living birds, a number of incubating glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus) were repeatedly sampled within and between subsequent breeding seasons. The wet weight concentrations of selected OCs, differing in ...
Laurent C - - 2001
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are lipophilic organic pollutants occurring widely in the terrestrial environment. To study the transfer of PAHs in the food chain, pigs have been fed with milk spiked either with [(14)C]phenanthrene or with [(14)C]benzo[a]pyrene. The analysis of blood radioactivity showed that both PAHs were absorbed with a ...
Loiseaux-Meunier M N - - 2001
In order to estimate cell damage caused by free radicals during oxygenotherapy, we investigated the time course of two markers of lipoperoxidation: pentane in breath and malondialdehyde (MDA) in blood during brief normobaric hyperoxia. Nine healthy subjects inhaled hydrocarbon-free air (HCFA) for 30 minutes, hydrocarbon-free 100% O2 (HCFO2) for 125 ...
Enjalbert F - - 2001
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the concentrations of the different ketone bodies in milk and blood and to evaluate these concentrations for the detection of subclinical ketosis. A total of 60 multiparous cows were used. Concentrations of acetone, acetoacetate, and beta-hydroxybutyrate were analyzed quantitatively ...
Lemaster J W - - 2001
Postpartum and lactating crossbred cows containing a percentage of Bos indicus breeding at three locations were studied to determine the efficacy of GnRH + PGF2alpha combinations for synchronization of estrus and(or) ovulation. Cows were equally distributed to each of three treatments by body condition score at the start of the ...
Grace N D - - 2001
AIM: To determine the relationships between blood selenium (Se) concentrations or glutathione peroxidase activity (GSH-Px), and milk Se concentrations in dairy cows. METHODS: Seventy-two Friesian dairy cows were either untreated or injected with 0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 mg Se/kg liveweight as barium selenate (BaSeO4) formulations, resulting in 6 groups of ...
Sahoo A - - 2001
Eight 6-9 month old calves, showing clinical signs of intermittent haemoglobinuria, even after treatment with an antipiroplasmal drug (4,4-diamidinodiazaminobenzene diaceturate), were examined for oxidative damage to their erythrocytes and the presence of hemoprotozoa in blood smears. Four calves without signs of haemoglobinuria served as controls. The blood smears from three ...
Bramwell R - - 2001
This paper explores ways in which these essentially 'female' bodily fluids are constructed in Western societies. It first reviews the context of menstruation and lactation in modern Western societies. It next considers menstruation and breastfeeding as affirmations of womanhood, and then the extent to which breast milk and menstrual blood ...
Bagdasarova I V - - 2001
An investigation is made of the effect of low-intensity millimeter waves on the development of acute and chronic pyelonephritis. It is shown that the application of millimeter waves diminishes the rate of pyelonephritis recurrence and reduces the probability of chronic pyelonephritis. Furthermore, these waves normalize lipid peroxidation, stimulate antioxidant protection, ...
Korgun D K - - 2001
In the present study, we measured the concentrations of reduced glutathione (GSH) and malonyldialdehyde (MDA) and the activities of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione S-transferase (GSH-S-T), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) in erythrocytes obtained freshly from adult male donors which was preserved with CPDA-1 anticoagulant (citrate,phosphate, dextrose, ...
Meglia G E - - 2001
Dairy cows are highly susceptible to infectious diseases, like mastitis, during the period around calving. Although factors contributing to increased susceptibility to infection have not been fully elucidated, impaired neutrophil recruitment to the site of infection and changes in the concentrations of some micronutrients related with the function of the ...
Campbell N R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare a standardized recommended procedure for drawing blood to measure blood lipid and lipoprotein levels with the procedure commonly used in clinical practice. The aim was to see if hemoconcentration and spuriously elevated lipid levels could be avoided. DESIGN: An open randomized crossover clinical trial. SETTING: The University ...
Rauch U - - 2000
Cholesterol lowering involving different therapies improves the clinical outcome of patients. To define the underlying pathomechanism, we studied whether treatment with statins was associated with changes in blood thrombogenicity, endothelial dysfunction and soluble adhesion molecule levels. Fifty hypercholesterolemic patients were treated with pravastatin (40 mg/day, n=24) or simvastatin (20 mg/day, ...
Baoyan M - - 2000
Integrating the biokinetic model of selenium with Monte Carlo analysis, this article carries out a quantitative study on ecological risk assessment in blood selenium levels of residents in Jilin province. The result shows that the established biokinetic model can be employed to predict the blood selenium levels of residents in ...
Farr V C - - 2000
The responses of the mammary microvasculature in lactating goats (n = 8) during feed withdrawal (18-20 h) and mammary engorgement (26-28 h of milk accumulation) were compared using an indicator-dilution technique with FITC-albumin and [(14)C]sucrose as the intravascular and diffusible indicators, respectively. Feed withdrawal and mammary engorgement caused a 50-60% ...
Nikitina V A - - 2000
Regular intake of a vitamin-mineral complex for 2 weeks had no effect on spontaneous clustogenesis in blood cells from healthy donors. Significant differences between the levels of chromosome aberrations induced by bleomycin and dioxidine in vitro before and after 2-week vitamin treatment indicate increased resistance of blood cells to clustogens.
Béliveau M - - 2000
The objective of the present study was to estimate the rat blood:air partition coefficients (PC) of some volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) using reconstituted mixtures of blood components. Based on previous observations, three blood components (water, lipid, hemoglobin) should be necessary in the case of lipophilic VOCs (e.g. bromoform (BF), chlorobenzene ...
Subakir S B - - 2000
Endometrial bleeding problems can be the major reason for discontinuing progestin-only contraception. In this study the endometrial angiogenic response in Norplant users was found to be lower than in women with normal menstrual cycles. These disturbances in angiogenic response may be caused by oxidant-antioxidant imbalance in the endometrium. The aims ...
Kitamura K - - 2000
A national survey of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and dibenzofurans (PCDF) in emission gases from the municipal waste incinerators in 1997 revealed that the Nose Bika Center was heavily contaminated by PCDF. Ninety-four workers underwent a physical examination, and blood biochemistry, lymphocyte marker, and NK activity studies were carried out, along ...
Costa R L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of soy on blood lipids and to provide guidance on the clinical relevance of soy's health effects with respect to hyperlipidemia. DATA SOURCES: Clinical literature accessed through MEDLINE and EMBASE (1966-November 1999). Key search terms included soy, isoflavone, phytoestrogen, cholesterol, and blood lipids. DATA SYNTHESIS: ...
Bartol J M - - 2000
A 4-year-old Holstein cow from a farm where 2 cows had recently died suddenly was referred for evaluation of acute severe colic. Right flank laparotomy revealed a large mesenteric hematoma. Within 14 layer chromatographic analyses of the moldy hay and blood from the necropsied cow and the hospitalized cow were ...
Wittsiepe J - - 2000
More than 500 whole blood samples of normal subjects from Germany collected in 1991-1996 have been analyzed for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and dibenzofurans (PCDF) by capillary gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry. Over the examined time period a continuous decrease of the PCDD/F concentrations in human blood was observed. The mean levels ...
Cherepanov G G - - 2000
A kinetic modelling approach was developed and investigated with the aim of predicting the utilization of major substrates in the mammary gland and milk secretion rates in the lactating cow at varying concentrations of substrate in arterial blood. The model includes kinetic equations of transport and metabolism of glucose, acetate, ...
Wittsiepe J - - 2000
744 whole blood samples of normal subjects from Germany collected in 1989-1998 have been analyzed for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and dibenzofurans (PCDF) by capillary gas chromatography/high resolution mass spectrometry. Over the examined time period a continuous decrease of the PCDD/F concentrations in human blood was observed. The mean levels found ...
Inam R - - 2000
The selenium content in blood was determined using the hydrogen catalytic peak. This peak at -1.1 V was obtained in the presence of selenium and molybdenum at pH values of 1-4 in different buffers. For the determination of selenium, the Mo(VI) concentration has to be approximately 100-200 times higher than ...
Rasmussen M D - - 2000
The influence of milkline vacuum, pulsator airline vacuum, and cluster weight on complete lactation milk yield performance, teat condition, and udder health were studied in 241 cows by using three separate factorial experiments. The first experiment had milkline vacuum set at 38 and 48 kPa, pulsator airline was vacuum was ...
Fink B - - 2000
Anti-ischemic therapy with nitrates is complicated by the induction of tolerance that potentially results from an unwanted coproduction of superoxide radicals. Therefore, we analyzed the localization of in vitro and in vivo, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN)-induced formation of superoxide radicals and the effect of the antioxidant vitamin C and of superoxide ...
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