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Results 201 - 250 of 579
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Drissler M - - 2005
In a series of 3 experiments, we documented how sand-bedding depth and distribution changed within freestalls after new bedding was added and the effect of these changes on lying behavior. In experiment 1, we measured changes in bedding depth over a 10-d period at 43 points in 24 freestalls. Change ...
Bustnes Jan Ove - - 2005
In two subsequent breeding seasons (2001 and 2002), we measured 12 organochlorines (OCs), including hexachlorobenzene (HCB), beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH), p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), oxychlordane, and eight polychlorinated biphenyl congeners (PCBs), in the blood of the same 25 great black-backed gulls (Larus marinus). The wet-weight concentrations of different OCs in the blood decreased between ...
Hively W Dean - - 2005
The National Phosphorus Project rainfall simulator was used to quantify overland flow and P transport from nine sites distributed throughout the watershed of a New York City Watershed Agriculture Program collaborating dairy farm. Observed concentrations of total dissolved phosphorus (TDP) were low (0.007-0.12 mg L(-1)) in flow from deciduous forest, ...
Ton Mimi N - - 2005
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The triglyceride (TG) fatty acyl composition in lipid emulsions influences their metabolism. Little is known about the effects of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on lipid emulsion metabolism. We investigated possible differences between omega-3 containing emulsions in their metabolism and tissue-targeting in vivo in a ...
Svennersten-Sjaunja K - - 2005
The physiology of lactation includes development of the mammary gland from the foetal to the adult stage, further development during pregnancy and onset of lactation, with the accompanying metabolic and behavioural adaptation. At the onset of pregnancy the endocrine system undergoes dramatic changes. The growth of the mammary gland is ...
Ceylan, Çaðatay
The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of high hydrostatic pressure on the stability of blood constituents for the purpose of an effective reduction of viral and bacterial count. The effect of HHP treatment on the several blood constituents were analyzed at different HHP levels at ...
Harp James A - - 2005
Adhesion molecule and homing receptor expression on blood and milk polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) from periparturient dairy cattle was studied. Both percentages and the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of PMN expressing CD11a, CD44, CD62L, and LPAM-1 (alpha4 beta7) were evaluated at seven time points during the twenty-one day period post calving. ...
Jacobsen Stine - - 2005
Previous studies have noted that susceptibility to systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure seems to differ between individual cows. However, to date inter-individual variation in the response to intravenous injection of LPS has been reported only as an empirical finding, and its existence or extent has never been backed up by statistical ...
Batáriová Andrea - - 2005
Over a 5-year period, from 1996 to 2001, blood selenium levels were recorded in a set of 2414 healthy blood donors (1781 men and 633 women; 880 smokers and 1534 nonsmokers) living in four selected areas of the Czech Republic. About 100 blood samples per year and region were analyzed ...
Brunner-La Rocca H P - - 2005
Previous studies showed an anti-atherosclerotic effect of PADMA 28, an herbal formula based on Tibetan medicine. As the mechanisms of action are not fully understood, we investigated whether PADMA 28 may lower blood lipids and lipid oxidisability, and affect early endothelial dysfunction. Sixty otherwise healthy subjects with total cholesterol > ...
Kommisrud E - - 2005
A survey of blood selenium (Se) concentrations in Norwegian Red heifers and dry period cows was conducted to reveal possible association to management, feeding, health and fertility. Selenium contents were determined in 254 herd blood samples consisting of pooled samples from individual non-lactating animals from herds in 5 counties. The ...
Wehrend A - - 2004
During parturition maximal dilatation of the vagina and cervix is necessary for expulsion of the neonate. The aim of the present study was to characterize the cell infiltration of the vagina and cervix that is associated with this event in cows and sheep. For this purpose, vaginal and cervical tissue ...
Jönsson Henrik - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Microembolism during cardiopulmonary bypass has been suggested as being the predominant cause of neurocognitive disorders after cardiac surgery. Shed blood, normally retransfused into the patient during cardiopulmonary bypass, is a major source of lipid microemboli in the brain capillaries. A newly developed technique based on acoustic standing-wave separation of ...
Goff Jesse P - - 2004
Four macrominerals have the distinction of being involved in the "downer cow" syndrome, which is, unfortunately, often associated with parturition in cows. Inadequate blood calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), or potassium (K) concentrations can cause a cow to lose the ability to rise to her feet because these minerals ...
Lasota B - - 2004
This study was performed to determine the relationship between selenium (Se) content and Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in blood and semen, and semen quality of boars at different age used in an artificial insemination (AI) station. Routine macroscopic and microscopic analyses of semen quality were accompanied by measurement of ...
Weiss D - - 2004
Anatomical and functional characteristics of the teat are supposed to have considerable influence on milk flow performance. In the present study, various teat and milking characteristics in 148 quarters of 38 cows were analyzed via 3 different approaches. Teat canal length, teat wall thickness, and teat diameter were measured by ...
Giustarini Daniela - - 2004
The blood reduced glutathione (GSH)/GSH disulfide (GSSG) ratio is an index of the oxidant/antioxidant balance of the whole body. Nevertheless, data indicating GSH and GSSG physiological levels are still widely divergent, especially those on GSSG, probably due to its low concentration. Standardization in methodological protocols and sample manipulation could help ...
Dhanya C R - - 2004
Vitamin E administration prevented DEHP induced deleterious effects like (i) degenerative changes in the brain and thyroid, (ii) decrease in the activity of neuronal membrane Na+ - K+ ATPase, (iii) decrease in the concentration of insulin, cortisol and TSH, and (iv) the increase in T3 and T4 in female Albino ...
Ilahi Houcine - - 2004
Segregation analyses with Gibbs sampling were applied to investigate the mode of inheritance and to estimate the genetic parameters of milk flow of Swiss dairy cattle. The data consisted of 204,397, 655,989 and 40,242 lactation records of milk flow in Brown Swiss, Simmental and Holstein cattle, respectively (4 to 22 ...
Tomasula P M - - 2004
In this study, we present a method for determining the fastest moving particle (FMP) and residence time distribution (RTD) in a pilot-scale high temperature, short time (HTST) pasteurizer to ensure that laboratory or pilot-scale HTST apparatus meets the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance standards for pasteurization of milk and can be used ...
Kantola M - - 2004
Transportation of selenium from mother to fetus and its possible effects on mother's zinc, copper, cadmium, and mercury levels were studied together during the first trimester and at term in 216 mothers. Mothers came from three geographical places with different selenium intakes. The role of selenium as a biomarker for ...
Petersson Filip - - 2004
A method to continuously separate different particle types in a suspension is reported. Acoustic forces in a standing wave field were utilized to discriminate lipid particles from erythrocytes in whole blood. The presented technology proposes a new method of cleaning, i.e. removing lipid emboli from, shed blood recovered during cardiac ...
Pati Sandra - - 2004
A fast-response and interference-free amperometric biosensor based on choline oxidase immobilized onto an electropolymerized polypyrrole film for flow injection determination of choline in milk, milk powder, and soy lecithin hydrolysates is described. The sensor displayed an Imax value of 1.9 +/- 0.2 microA and an apparent Michaelis-Menten constant, k'M, equal ...
Peregrine Andrew S - - 2004
Blood samples were collected from 3449 cows on 57 representative Ontario dairy herds during the summer of 1998 and analysed for antibody to Neospora caninum using an ELISA. Forty-eight herds (2742 cattle) contained at least one N. caninum-seropositive animal. Two composite milk samples were collected from all cattle: the first ...
Hogarth Caroline J - - 2004
During clinical mastitis in dairy cows, the quantity of milk produced decreases and the composition of the milk is altered. As the severity of inflammation associated with the disease increases, the chemical composition of milk approaches that of blood as a consequence of increased permeability of the blood mammary barrier, ...
Wittek Thomas - - 2004
Left displaced abomasum (LDA) and abomasal volvulus (AV) occur most commonly in postparturient dairy cows. Our main hypothesis was that endotoxemia occurred more frequently in the peripheral blood of cows with LDA or AV than in healthy cows because increased luminal pressure in AV or LDA, or the presence of ...
Durak Ilker - - 2004
Effects of garlic extract supplementation on blood lipid profile and oxidant/antioxidant status were investigated in volunteer subjects with high blood cholesterol. A total of 23 volunteer subjects with high blood cholesterol (>5.98 mmol/L) participated in the study. Of them, 13 patients were evaluated as a hypertensive group and the others ...
Unger Evan C - - 2004
Lipid-coated microbubbles represent a new class of agents with both diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Microbubbles have low density. Stabilization of microbubbles by lipid coatings creates low-density particles with unusual properties for diagnostic imaging and drug delivery. Perfluorocarbon (PFC) gases entrapped within lipid coatings make microbubbles that are sufficiently stable for ...
Valic Eva - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The genotoxic effects in two patients with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo- p-dioxin (TCDD) intoxication were measured; an association with the workplace was suspected. METHODS: We determined sister chromatid exchange (SCE), micronuclei (MN) and comet assay tail factor in peripheral lymphocytes of the patients and of control persons. RESULTS: A determination of polychlorinated ...
Lim Youngwook - - 2004
This study assessed the daily exposure to dioxin using comparable approach methods in order to predict the human health risks of dioxin on the general adult population and incinerator workers in Korea. The health risk assessment of dioxin involved four scenarios (General-Direct, General-Breast Milk, General-Blood, and Worker-Blood). The risks were ...
Williams C A - - 2004
This study tested the development of oxidative stress and the effects of antioxidant supplementation in an 80-km ride. A precompetition survey revealed that no competitor would participate without vitamin E supplementation; therefore, 46 horses were paired for past performances and randomly assigned to two groups of 23 each for 3 ...
Zeltser D - - 2004
Both lipids and inflammation sensitive proteins have been reported to affect the aggregation of red blood cells yet their relative importance in this regard have not been determined. We have included high sensitive C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation, fibrinogen concentrations as well as various serum lipid concentrations and the degree of ...
Cebra Christopher K - - 2003
Neutrophil function, blood micronutrients, and cortisol concentrations were measured in 43 clinically healthy postparturient Holstein cows. Estimated 305-day mature equivalent milk production and neutrophil function were related to results of the blood micronutrient concentrations and neutrophil function tests. Cattle had low to normal zinc concentrations; normal to high selenium, vitamin ...
Laurén Liisa - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that there is a link between fetal growth and chronic diseases later in life. Several studies have shown a negative association between birthweight and cardiovascular diseases, as well as cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. Far fewer studies have ...
Jenssen Bjørn M - - 2003
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been shown to affect retinol (vitamin A) homeostasis in adult as well as neonatal seals. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships between plasma (PL)-retinol status and PCB concentrations in different blood compartments (blood cells (BCs), PL, and whole blood (WB)) of ...
Kaur Rajdeep - - 2003
The present investigation reports the effect of sodium selenite-induced sub-chronic toxicity in crossbred cow calves on various antioxidant enzymes. Sodium selenite (0.25 mg/kg for 16 w) resulted in characteristic signs of sub-chronic selenosis, ie alopecia, cracking and enlargement of hooves, interdigital lesions, ring formation on the coronet region, and gangrene ...
Lacasse P - - 2003
There is a close relationship between mammary blood flow (MBF) and milk production, but whether MBF is limiting milk yield has not been determined. Five lactating goats received close arterial (external pudic) infusion of PBS or the nitric oxide donor diethylamine NONOate (0.5 mg/h; NONate) for 6 h, according to ...
Tylicki L - - 2003
Ozonated autohemotherapy is used as a complementary medical approach in the treatment of vascular disorders. One of the greatest problems concerning an application of ozone in medicine is its induction of oxidative stress. The standards of ozonotherapy were elaborated recently making this treatment useful and probably non toxic. The aim ...
Tincu J Andy - - 2003
Plicatamide (Phe-Phe-His-Leu-His-Phe-His-dc Delta DOPA), where dc Delta DOPA represents decarboxy-(E)-alpha,beta-dehydro-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine, is a potently antimicrobial octapeptide from the blood cells of the solitary tunicate, Styela plicata. Wild type and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) responded to plicatamide exposure with a massive potassium efflux that began within seconds. Soon thereafter, treated bacteria largely ...
Christodoulopoulos G - - 2003
Four-hundred Holstein cows in 40 dairy farms in north Greece were included in this study, and blood (n=400), black hair (n=400), white hair (n=40), and feed (n=40) samples were obtained. Although the feeding regime in these farms was similar, the selenium content of feeds was variable. The Se content of ...
Aylward L L - - 2003
A systematic program of sampling and analysis of blood serum for dioxins, furans, and dioxinlike polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) has been initiated in the United States through the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) program. While such data could potentially be used to estimate population-level changes in human milk lipid ...
Makarevich Aleksandr E - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between selected lipid peroxidation products as markers of oxidative stress and antioxidant defense capacity in exhaled air condensate in comparison to blood and COPD severity. We detected that the increase of lipids peroxidation products in exhaled air condensate (less in ...
Mehrzad Jalil - - 2002
Extensive studies have shown the polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) dysfunction inextricably links to parturition. To investigate the effect of parity on PMN function, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) stimulated luminol-amplified chemiluminescence (CL) and viability of blood and milk PMN were investigated in primiparous and pluriparous dairy cows during periparturient period. The CL ...
Siems W G WG Herzog-Julius Hospital for Rheumatology and Orthopaedics, Bad Harzburg, - - 2002
Chronic lymphoedema is one of the most frequent and debilitating complications after surgical and radiological tumour treatment. Prevention and therapy of lymphoedema is therefore an important problem of the rehabilitation of those patients. To investigate whether chronic lymphoedema results in increased oxidative stress. Prospective case-control study. We obtained venous blood ...
Frazier Kendall S - - 2002
Sixty-eight cases of suppurative, ulcerative endometritis associated with Bovine Herpesvirus-4 (BHV-4) in postparturient dairy cows (62 Holsteins and 6 Jerseys, mean age 4.2 years) were confirmed by a combination of histopathology, fluorescent antibody assays, electron microscopic evaluation of uterus, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). All cases occurred in the 3- ...
Franson J Christian - - 2002
In 1998, we collected blood samples from 63 emperor geese (Chen canagica) on their breeding grounds on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta (YKD) in western Alaska, USA. We studied the relationship between selenium concentrations in whole blood and the activities of glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase in plasma. Experimental studies have shown ...
Elliott K J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of eight weeks of supervised, low intensity resistance training (80% of 10 repetition maximum (10RM)) and eight weeks of detraining on muscle strength and blood lipid profiles in healthy, sedentary postmenopausal women. SUBJECTS: Fifteen postmenopausal women, aged 49-62 years, took part in the study. Subjects ...
Boisseau-Garsaud Anne-Marie - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress could be an important phenomenon leading to melanocyte death in vitiligo. The accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and low catalase levels have recently been demonstrated in the epidermis of vitiligo patients. Few abnormalities of antioxidants have been found in the blood of patients with vitiligo, except for ...
Subapriya R - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To compare the extent of lipid peroxidation and the status of antioxidants in tumor and venous blood of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) at different intraoral sites. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty four patients with OSCC at different intraoral sites and an equal number of age- and sex-matched ...
Chikuni O - - 2002
After assessment of the levels of DDT residues in the milk samples, 1 g paracetamol was administered p.o. to 28 breastfeeding mothers selected from a population of 116, according to DDT residues in their milk (the 14 with the highest values and the 14 least exposed). Post dose blood samples ...
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