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Lee King-Teh - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Glutathione status can be regarded as the redox status for many diseases. This study was performed to investigate the glutathione status in virus-originated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). DESIGN AND METHODS: The blood and tissue samples were obtained from 24 patients. Blood samples were also obtained from 137 controls for comparison. ...
Milinković-Tur Suzana - - 2007
The effect of fasting and refeeding on total antioxidant status (TAS), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity and concentration of some non-enzymatic antioxidant compounds was studied in cockerels and pullets. Blood was collected before and after 48-h fasting and 24 h after refeeding. In cockerels, fasting resulted in a significant decrease of ...
Abeni Fabio - - 2007
In two consecutive summers, 21 and 18 cows, respectively, were monitored for blood parameters and milk yield, to assess their variation according to the level of heat stress at different stages of lactation. During both years, the cows were monitored according to their lactation phase (early, mid-, and late) at ...
Tancin V - - 2007
Milk flow parameters at udder and quarter levels were studied in relation to somatic cell count (SCC) and other risk factors for mastitis (bimodality, duration of decline, and duration of overmilking phase). Thirty-eight Holstein cows in their first to sixth lactations were investigated during 10 mo of lactation. Monthly milk ...
Verreault J - - 2007
Comprehensive surveys of organohalogen contaminants have been conducted in various tissues and blood of glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus), a top scavenger-predator species in Svalbard in the Norwegian Arctic. However, the physico-chemical properties of organohalogens (e.g., type and degree of halogenation and the presence or absence of additional phenyl group substituents) ...
Smith Andrew G AG MRC Toxicology Unit, Hodgkin Building, University of Leicester, Lancaster Road, Leicester LE1 9HN, UK. ags5@leicester.ac.uk - - 2008
The consequences of exposure of people to highly chlorinated polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) are much less known than those of TCDD. We report on levels of PCDDs (and PCDFs) in 13 members of two families poisoned by contaminated cooking oil. Originally, all persons displayed chloracne as an early symptom. Persisting hexa- and ...
Martineau Adrian R AR Centre for Health Sciences, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, Barts and The London, and Department of Clinical Biochemistry, North West London Hospitals NHS Trust, Northwick Park Hospital, Harrow, E1 2AT, UK. - - 2007
Vitamin D was used to treat tuberculosis (TB) in the preantibiotic era. Prospective studies to evaluate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on antimycobacterial immunity have not previously been performed. To determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on antimycobacterial immunity and vitamin D status. A double-blind randomized controlled trial ...
Berg E L - - 2007
The aim of this study was to characterize concentrations of leptin, IGF-I, and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in the blood serum of mares pre-and postpartum, in the milk serum of mares postpartum, and in the blood serum of their foals. Nine pregnant Quarter Horse mares and their offspring were used ...
Stanford Kim - - 2007
We evaluated the effects of feeding 1.5% cysteine-rich feather meal or 550 IU of vitamin E for 40 d before slaughter on the rates of death and emergency slaughter due to acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) in commercial feedlots. Blood and lung tissue were collected at slaughter from 83 animals clinically ...
Wittsiepe Jürgen - - 2007
In 2005 the World Health Organization (WHO) re-evaluated toxicity equivalency factors (TEFs) for dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. WHO 2005 toxicity equivalent (TEq) levels were calculated based on our data on German background levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD), dibenzofurans (PCDF) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) in human blood and milk of the ...
Sandrucci A - - 2007
The study of milk flow curves provides useful information for enhancing milking efficiency and protecting udder health by adapting milking machine and milking procedures to the physiological requirements of the cow. The aim of this experiment was to investigate, using field data, the relationships among traits of the milk flow ...
Müller André - - 2007
In this study, the proportions of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) in total lipids of plasma, lipoproteins and erythrocytes from maternal blood and from venous cord blood of 20 pregnant women consuming conventional western diets after delivery were determined. cis-9, trans-11 CLA was the only isomer detected, and its proportions in ...
Wittsiepe Jürgen - - 2007
Blood samples of pregnant women aged between 19 and 42 years at the time they gave birth and milk samples from the same women following delivery were collected between September 2000 and January 2003 from 169 participants living in an industrialized area of Germany (Duisburg birth cohort study). All samples ...
Japertiene R - - 2007
The investigation was conducted during 2005-2006 on 4010 dairy cows. Having performed statistical data analysis, we determined that the lowest somatic cell count (SCC) in Red and Red-White cow population was obtained when the milking time was 5-6 min., milking speed was higher than 1.5 kg/min., high milk flow was ...
Heyman C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Analysis of blood lipids should be repeated routinely in many patients, and limiting testing to total cholesterol may eliminate the need for fasting prior to sampling, thereby saving time and money. The primary aim was to investigate the sufficiency of S-cholesterol analysis (TC) in monitoring all blood lipids. MATERIAL ...
Talu Esra E Department of Chemical Engineering & Materials Science and Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Davis, California 95616, - - 2006
In this letter, the long-term stabilization of monodisperse microbubbles produced by flow focusing is demonstrated using lipid encapsulation. Fluorescence microscopy, high-speed camera imaging, and particle size analysis were used to investigate the roles of lipid phase behavior, dissolution, Ostwald ripening, and coalescence in the stability of microbubbles formed by flow ...
Qi Kemin - - 2006
Lipid emulsions containing long-chain triglycerides (LCT) and medium chain triglycerides (MCT) are widely used in parenteral nutrition. Recently, fish oil (FO) triglyceride (TG)-derived emulsions are considered therapeutic because of their many beneficial biological modulatory actions. We investigated in mice whether adding 10% FO to an intravenous lipid emulsion with MCT ...
Delamaire E - - 2006
Increasing the milking intervals reduces milk yield. The aims of this study were to determine whether the reduction in milk yield could be explained by a decrease in mammary uptake of the nutrients or a decrease in the efficiency of the mammary gland in using the milk precursors to synthesize ...
Juniper D T - - 2006
The objectives were to determine effects of graded levels of selenized yeast derived from a specific strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (CNCM I-3060) on animal performance and in selenium concentrations in the blood, milk, feces, and urine of dairy cows compared with sodium selenite; and to provide preliminary data on the ...
Asri Rezaei S - - 2006
To assess the antioxidant status and oxidative stress in bovine theileriosis due to Theileria annulata blood samples were collected from 35 clinically affected cattle referred to Veterinary Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran. Complete blood count, piroplasm parasitemia percentage, erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, catalase and ...
Campolo Jonica - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aminothiols have a critical function as intracellular redox buffers and constitute furthermore an important extracellular redox system. Lipid peroxidation is increased in chronic heart failure (CHF), but the contribution of each thiol to oxidative stress in this syndrome has not been evaluated. AIM: To assess the correlation between blood ...
Abdulah Rizky - - 2006
In order to study the prevention effect of selenium in the development of cardiovascular disease, we investigated the effects of selenium supplementation on the blood rheological properties. Eleven healthy adults were administered with 200 microg of selenium in the form of selenium yeast per day for 1 wk. Before and ...
Costopoulou Danae - - 2006
In an attempt to evaluate the background levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), non-ortho, mono-ortho and indicator polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in people living in an urban (Athens) and a rural (Kozani) area of Greece, blood serum and mother milk samples were analyzed. Analytical results are reported in this ...
Baitchman Eric J - - 2006
Published serum cholesterol values in captive western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) are much higher than human ranges, with a national mean of 7.36 mmol/L (284 mg/dl, n = 863). Complete blood lipid profiles were examined in 15 captive gorillas. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) was found to decrease more rapidly with ...
Rossi Ranieri - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Reduced glutathione (GSH) and its redox forms, glutathione disulfide (GSSG) and glutathionylated proteins (PSSG), are biomarkers of oxidative stress, but methodologic artifacts can interfere with their measurement. We evaluated the importance of correct sample handling during the preanalytical phase for GSH, GSSG, and PSSG measurement. METHODS: We used human ...
Khosla Pramod - - 2006
Compared to tocopherols, tocotrienols are poorly understood. The postabsorptive fate of tocotrienol isomers and their association with lipoprotein subfractions was examined. Normocholesterolemic women were subjected to an oral fat challenge supplemented with vitamin E (capsule containing 77 mg alpha-tocotrienol, 96 mg alpha-tocotrienol, 3 mg gamma-tocotrienol, 62 mg alpha-tocopherol, and 96 ...
Gilliam, Thomas B.
The purpose of this investigation was to determine sex differences and interrelationships in anthropometric, blood lipids and lipoproteins, steady rate and maximal bicycle ergometric measures in boys (N = 38) and girls (N= 28) ages 6 to 7 years. After adjusting for a significantly (P P -1 whereas no differences ...
Humbert Bernard - - 2007
To determine whether glutamine affects glutathione (GSH, gamma-glutamyl-cysteinyl-glycine) metabolism, seven healthy beagle dogs received 6-h infusions of [(15)N]glutamate and [(13)C]leucine after a 3-day fast. Isotope infusions were performed during oral feeding with an elemental regimen, supplemented with either l-glutamine or an isonitrogenous amino acid mixture, on two separate days and ...
Tancin V - - 2006
The aim of this study was to describe and analyze effects of parity, stage of lactation, milkability (3 groups of cows with differing peak flow rates), time of milking, and quarter position on milk production and milk flow measures at udder and quarter levels. Particular emphasis was put on changes ...
Richards C J - - 2006
Six steers (288.6 +/- 2.1 kg of BW) fitted with rumen and duodenal cannulas were used in a crossover design to evaluate intake, rumen fermentation, and site of nutrient digestion of freshly clipped, endophyte-infected (E+) Kentucky 31 tall fescue with or without soybean hull (SH) supplementation at 0.60% of BW ...
Marie-Etancelin Christel - - 2006
The milking ability of Lacaune ewes was characterised by derived traits of milk flow patterns, in an INRA experimental farm, from a divergent selection experiment in order to estimate the correlated effects of selection for protein and fat yields. The analysis of selected divergent line effects (involving 34 616 data ...
Gaál T - - 2006
The oxidative stress of birth in cattle (Bos taurus) was evaluated by measuring steady state concentration of free radicals in whole blood, rate of lipid peroxidation and activity of antioxidant enzymes in erythrocytes, antioxidant capacity of blood plasma in 14 calves at birth and four times after birth until 3 ...
Shekar Sri Niranjan - - 2006
Previous studies have shown that Glutathione, a tripeptide found in blood, is involved in protecting against toxins. Glutathione levels are known to drop in response to cadmium. Using 15 twin pairs, we modeled the effect of cadmium on glutathione levels. The heritability of glutathione content was 91%. The application of ...
Charbonneau E - - 2006
A meta-analysis of previous studies was performed to clarify the response of prepartum dairy cows to lowering dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) and to compare different equations that have been proposed to calculate DCAD. Twenty-two published studies containing 75 treatment groups met criteria for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Five different equations ...
Brondén Björn - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Lipid microemboli found in shed blood during cardiac surgery have been shown to block capillaries of the brain postoperatively. In this study, the distribution of lipid microemboli in different regions of the brain and other organs was examined. A novel porcine model using radioactive lipid particles was used. METHODS: ...
F.O. Abulude
Heavy metals contamination is of concern due to their effects as carcinogen. The objective of this study was to investigate the heavy metals in the blood of cows exposed to motor vehicle exhaust fumes and non-exposed controls. Thirty cows` blood samples were collected from three different locations (Expressway, Araromi way ...
Haddadi, K.
An Escherichia coli mastitis model was used to characterize enzymes involved in bovine mammary tissue damage and proteolysis in milk. One-quarter each of four cows were inoculated with a suspension (104 cfu mL_1) of E. coli P4:O32. Blood and milk were collected before inoculation and for 216 h afterwards. Intracellular ...
Dean David A - - 2006
INTRODUCTIONThis protocol describes a method for pulsed-flow microinjection using the Eppendorf FemtoJet injector and Eppendorf InjectMan; this is the most common type of pulsed-flow microinjection system currently being used. The advantage of this type of system over a controlled-flow system is that much more control is available over the injection ...
Ramsay Donna T - - 2006
Currently there is no simple method available to assess milk ejection and breast milk flow in lactating women in both the clinical and research setting. The authors hypothesize that changes in milk flow rate are associated with milk ejection and therefore may provide a method suitable for the assessment of ...
Mitsuzono Ryoichi - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional and longitudinal effects of endurance training on the relationships of body composition, blood lipid profiles and sex hormones in adolescent female distance-runners. We cross-sectionally compared body composition, blood lipid profiles and blood sex hormones of non-athletes (n=7) and distance-runners (n=8), ...
Pejić Snezana - - 2006
Oxidative stress is considered to be involved in pathogenesis of many disorders of the female genital tract. In this study, we explored the lipid peroxidation levels and antioxidant enzyme activities in women diagnosed with different forms of uterine diseases in order to evaluate the extent of oxidative stress in blood ...
Ushiroyama Takahisa - - 2006
We examined the association between blood flow and chilly sensation in the lower extremities, comparing the changes in blood flow induced by the vitamin E and herbal therapy (Wen-jing-tang) in perimenopausal women with chilly sensation. One hundred sixty-one perimenopausal women aged 42-61 years (mean: 50.4 +/- 3.8 years) with chilly ...
Säkkinen H - - 2005
Plasma total protein (TP), albumin (ALB) and globulin (GLOB) concentrations and albumin/globulin ratio (A/G) were analysed from blood samples collected from free-ranging reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) herds at varying times of year. The same parameters were followed in nine captive reindeer with varying protein and energy intake. Variation in the ...
Reynal S M - - 2005
Eight ruminally cannulated lactating cows from a study on the effects of dietary rumen degraded protein (RDP) on production and N metabolism were used to compare 15N, total purines, amino acid (AA) profiles, and urinary excretion of purine derivatives (PD) as microbial markers for quantifying the flow of microbial protein ...
Hernandez Jorge A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare milk yield among cows classified as nonlame, moderately lame, and lame and to examine the relationship between severity of lameness and milk yield in cows classified as lame during the first 100 days after parturition. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. ANIMALS: 465 Holstein cows. PROCEDURE: Cows were examined weekly ...
Blood Philip D - - 2005
A nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulation of the response of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) bilayers to a solvent shear flow is presented. Application of shear flow to planar, stationary DMPC bilayers results in a redistribution of the membrane density profile along the bilayer normal due to the alignment of the lipids in the ...
Valtorta S E - - 2006
The objective of this study was to investigate circadian variations of blood and milk lead toxicokinetics in dairy cows in summer. Twenty lactating Holstein animals were randomly assigned to four treatments corresponding to different hours after onset of light (HALO): 2, 8, 14, and 20. Cows received a single intravenous ...
Talwar Dinesh K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Components of biological variation can be used to define objective quality specifications (imprecision, bias, and total error), to assess the usefulness of reference values [index of individuality (II)], and to evaluate significance of changes in serial results from an individual [reference change value (RCV)]. However, biological variation data on ...
Rasmussen Morten D - - 2005
Sorting of normal and abnormal milk at time of milking is done visually for conventional milking systems, but more concrete standards are needed when milking is done in automatic milking systems (AMS). Several panel tests were carried out to find out how different consumer groups, milkers and advisors look at ...
Fläring U B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the temporal changes in whole-blood and plasma glutathione in ICU patients with multiple organ failure. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective and descriptive pilot study performed in an ICU with eight beds at a university hospital. PATIENTS: Critically ill patients (n=11) with multiple organ failure and ICU stay ...
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