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Odani Shoji - - 2012
Parasitic lampreys are known to secrete proteins having anticoagulant and vasodilator activities from the buccal glands during feeding on their host's blood. However, small molecules in the secretion have never been explored in detail. We examined the secretion of Japanese liver lamprey (Lethenteron japonicum) for small molecules and found an ...
Choi Inho - - 2012
The blood and lymphatic systems are the two major circulatory systems in our body. Although the blood system has been studied extensively, the lymphatic system has received much less scientific and medical attention because of its elusive morphology and mysterious pathophysiology. However, a series of landmark discoveries made in the ...
Kannan Rajaretinam Rajesh - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to screen cardioactive herbs from Western Ghats of India. The heart beat rate (HBR) and blood flow during systole and diastole were tested in zebrafish embryos. We found that Cynodon dactylon (C. dactylon) induced increases in the HBR in zebrafish embryos with a ...
Kradtap Hartwell Supaporn - - 2012
Flow injection/sequential injection analysis (FIA/SIA) systems are suitable for carrying out automatic wet chemical/biochemical reactions with reduced volume and time consumption. Various parts of the system such as pump, valve, and reactor may be built or adapted from available materials. Therefore the systems can be at lower cost as compared ...
Rutten Niels - - 2012
As low pathogenic avian influenza viruses can mutate into high pathogenic viruses the Dutch poultry sector implemented a surveillance system for low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) based on blood samples. It has been suggested that egg yolk samples could be sampled instead of blood samples to survey egg layer farms. ...
Jalali Ali A Department of Mechanical Engineering, Villanova University, 800 E. Lancaster Ave., Villanova, PA, USA. - - 2012
This paper is concerned with the prediction of the occurrence of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) that occurs in neonates after heart surgery. The data which is collected over a period of 12 hours after cardiac surgery contains vital measurements as well as blood gas measurements with different resolutions. Vital data measured ...
Karami-Nogourani Maryam - - 2011
Chewing sugar-free gums is a convenient way to increase salivary flow. Salivary flow increases in response to both gustatory (taste) and mechanical (chewing) stimuli, and chewing gum can provide both of these stimuli. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of five different flavors of sugar-free chewing ...
Santos Vânia C - - 2011
Control of the midgut pH in Lutzomyia longipalpis enables the insect's digestive system to deal with different types of diet. Phlebotomines must be able to suddenly change from a condition adequate to process a sugar diet to one required to digest blood. Prior to blood ingestion, the pH in the ...
Saric William S - - 2011
A brief review of laminar flow control techniques is given and a strategy for achieving laminarization for transonic transport aircraft is discussed. A review of some flight-test results on swept-wing transition is presented. It is also shown that polished leading edges can create large regions of laminar flow because the ...
Boerma E C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic changes, related to on-pump cardiac surgery, have been reported to impair intestinal perfusion. However, until recently, direct in vivo observation of the intestinal microcirculation was not clinically feasible, and the concept of altered intestinal blood flow in the setting of cardiac surgery depended on indirect observations from other ...
Bremholm Lasse - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Exogenous Glucagon-Like Peptide-2 (GLP-2) treatment improves intestinal wet weight absorption in short bowel syndrome (SBS) patients. In healthy subjects, administration of GLP-2 increases small intestinal blood flow. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of GLP-2 on mesenteric blood flow and dynamic changes in cardiac parameters ...
Keller M D - - 2011
Reasons for performing study: NMR-metabonomics is an unbiased evaluation method, which allows to comprehensively study changes of the equine metabolic profile in early time point laminitis. This might give insight into the early stages of disease development. Objectives: To detect hitherto unknown changes in blood metabolites during the development of ...
Rahbar Elaheh E Department of Biomedical Engineering, Texas A&M University, 337 Zachry Engineering Center, Mail Stop 3120, College Station, TX 77843-3120, - - 2011
The lymphatic system is an extensive vascular network featuring valves and contractile walls that pump interstitial fluid and plasma proteins back to the main circulation. Immune function also relies on the lymphatic system's ability to transport white blood cells. Failure to drain and pump this excess fluid results in edema ...
Pandey S K - - 2011
This paper is concerned with the theoretical study of two-dimensional peristaltic flow of power-law fluids in three layers with different viscosities. The analysis is carried out under low Reynolds number and long wavelength approximations. The shapes of the interfaces are described by a system of non-linear algebraic equations which are ...
Hiltebrand Luzius B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Vasopressors, such as norepinephrine, are frequently used to treat perioperative hypotension. Increasing perfusion pressure with norepinephrine may increase blood flow in regions at risk. However, the resulting vasoconstriction could deteriorate microcirculatory blood flow in the intestinal tract and kidneys. This animal study was designed to investigate the effects of ...
Conway G D - - 2011
A complex interaction between turbulence driven E×B zonal flow oscillations, i.e., geodesic acoustic modes (GAMs), the turbulence, and mean equilibrium flows is observed during the low to high (L-H) plasma confinement mode transition in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. Below the L-H threshold at low densities a limit-cycle oscillation forms with ...
Zhao Tongfeng - - 2011
Results from the published studies on the association of adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) polymorphisms with blood lipids and blood pressure are conflicting. We investigated the association of three ADIPOQ polymorphisms, +45 T > G (rs2241766), +276 G > T (rs1501299) and -11377 C > G (rs266729), with these traits in this meta-analysis. We included 35 studies in ...
Taylor-Edwards C C - - 2011
Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) increases small intestinal mass and blood flow in nonruminants but its effect in ruminants is unknown. Eight Holstein calves with an ultrasonic flow probe around the superior mesenteric artery and catheters in the carotid artery and mesenteric vein were paired by age and randomly assigned to treatment ...
Wang Peng - - 2011
Perivascular space (PVS) within the brain is an important pathway for interstitial fluid (ISF) and solute transport. Fluid flowing in the PVS can affect these transport processes and has significant impacts on physiology. In this paper, we carry out a theoretical analysis to investigate the fluid mechanics in the PVS. ...
Lourençon Adriana de Fátima Ade - - 2011
To convert first-time blood donors into regular volunteer donors is a challenge to transfusion services. This study aims to estimate the return rate of first time donors of the Ribeirão Preto Blood Center and of other blood centers in its coverage region. The histories of 115,553 volunteer donors between 1996 ...
Shibanuma Kiyoshi - - 2010
PURPOSE: L: -Arabinose uncompetitively inhibits intestinal sucrase by forming an enzyme-inhibitor-substrate (EIS) complex. The transient period of the EIS complex affects the time span of inhibition. We determined the apparent transient period of the EIS complex of sucrase, L: -arabinose, and sucrose both in vitro and in humans. METHODS: Intestinal ...
Nguyen Nam Q - - 2010
PURPOSE: Small intestinal (SI) motor patterns are often disrupted after major non-gastrointestinal (non-GI) surgery, but the impact on luminal flow and nutrient absorption is unclear. This study examines interactions between SI motility, flow and absorption in the first 3 days after surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: Concurrent assessments ...
Cortet P-P - - 2010
We experimentally study the susceptibility to symmetry breaking of a closed turbulent von Kármán swirling flow from Re=150 to Re≃10⁶. We report a divergence of this susceptibility at an intermediate Reynolds number Re=Re(χ)≃90,000 which gives experimental evidence that such a highly space and time fluctuating system can undergo a "phase ...
Jaben Elizabeth A - - 2011
After several hemolyzed blood samples were received in the laboratory, we investigated lipid emulsion/TPN as a novel cause of hemolysis. Whole blood was spiked with lipid emulsion and TPN. Hemolysis was proportional to the amount of lipid emulsion present in whole blood, with less hemolysis occurring in blood gas syringes ...
Jotaki Tomomi - - 2011
We measured the concentration of each polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congener in whole blood, plasma and blood cells, and investigated the distribution of PCBs in human blood using high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS). The PCB concentrations in plasma and whole blood in terms of lipid concentrations were almost equal, with ...
Alvi Farrakh M - - 2011
Selenium concentrations in the blood of 112 (56 females and 56 males) normal subjects, from different regions of the Punjab (Pakistan), have been determined using the technique of inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The whole blood selenium concentrations were found to be 452 ± 12 ppb (parts per billion or nano-gram of Se per ...
Khan Zafar Iqbal - - 2011
The present investigation was carried out to determine the molybdenum (Mo) status of blood plasma and milk of lactating cows at the Livestock Experimental Station, Khizer abad, Sargodha, Pakistan. Blood and milk from the lactating cows were sampled periodically after every month during winter so as to examine the effect ...
Shinozuka Yasunori - - 2011
Three Japanese Black cows housed with 6 other cows exhibited main clinical symptoms of severe hemoglobinuria. Hematological analyses conducted after antibiotic therapy demonstrated severe anemia, and biochemical analyses indicated both severe hemolysis and disruption of hepatic function. One of the three cows died. Based on the above analyses and observation ...
Condino Melrose P - - 2010
To assess the usefulness and reliability of a milk-flow measurement technique and the values obtained in unobstructed teats and teats with teat canal stenosis in dairy cows. 16 Holstein cows. Teats were assessed via hand milking and classified as unobstructed or partially obstructed. Partially obstructed teats were further categorized according ...
Yatou Hiroki - - 2010
We numerically find three types of steady solutions of viscoelastic flows and flow pattern transitions between them in a two-dimensional wavy-walled channel for low to moderate Weissenberg (Wi) and Reynolds (Re) numbers using a spectral element method. The solutions are called "convective," "transition," and "elastic" in ascending order of Wi. ...
McComb Timothy - - 2010
The goal of the current study was to determine the range of blood selenium concentrations in goats in New York State that were fed adequately supplemented diets. Blood samples from mature, juvenile, and neonatal goats from commercial farms, 2 dairy and 2 meat producers, were analyzed via graphite-furnace atomic absorption ...
Ouellet D R - - 2010
The effect of the method of conservation of forage on endogenous N (EN) secretion was studied using a 15N isotope dilution technique in 4 lactating Holstein cows selected from a replicated 3x3 Latin square. Cows were equipped with ruminal, duodenal (n=4), and ileal (n=2) cannulas. Diets comprised 44% concentrate plus ...
Ambord S - - 2010
To study the effects of a milking system that partially compensates for milk flow-dependent vacuum loss compared with a standard (high-line) milking unit in a tie-stall barn, milk flow and vacuum patterns were recorded in 10 cows during machine milking with 2 milking systems in a crossover design for 7 ...
Trevisi Erminio - - 2010
This paper reports the results of a study that aimed to assess whether liver functionality defined by liver activity index (LAI) is associated with inflammatory and immune parameters in blood and milk. LAI is an index including the average blood levels of albumin, lipoproteins and retinol-binding protein measured three times ...
Aoyama Shiori - - 2010
We used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to examine differences in neonates' orbito-frontal cortical activation in response to the odours of maternal breast milk and formula milk in terms of changes in the oxygenation of cerebral blood flow. Twenty-six healthy neonates were tested in their cribs while they slept in a silent ...
Short Meghan E - - 2010
To determine the effect of health promotion programs of Prudential Financial, Inc on biometric measures of blood lipids and glucose. Using actual biometric and self-reported measures of blood lipids and glucose values for the employees of Prudential Financial, Inc, we examined 1) the extent to which self-reported lipid and blood ...
Trippa Giuliana - - 2011
A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is presented to simulate the removal of lipid particles from blood using a novel ultrasonic quarter-wavelength separator. The Lagrangian-Eulerian CFD model accounts for conservation of mass and momentum, for the presence of lipid particles of a range of diameters, for the acoustic force as ...
Rana Tanmoy - - 2010
This study aimed to determine the hemato-biochemical picture and blood oxidative stress in zebu cattle in an arsenic-contaminated zone. Significant decline in total erythrocyte count, packed cell volume, and total plasma protein was observed in cattle of that area in comparison to uncontaminated zone. There was significant elevation of plasma ...
Roosens Laurence - - 2010
We assessed the exposure of the Flemish population to brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) by analysis of pooled cord blood, adolescent and adult serum, and human milk. Levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in blood (range 1.6-6.5 ng/g lipid weight, lw) and milk (range 2.0-6.4 ng/g lw) ...
Yordy Jennifer E - - 2010
Biomonitoring surveys of wild cetaceans commonly utilize blubber as a means to assess exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs), but the relationship between concentrations in blubber and those in blood, a better indicator of target organ exposure, is poorly understood. To define this relationship, matched blubber and plasma samples (n ...
Xue Wanli - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although interactions of arsenite and selenite in mammalian organisms have been suggested by literature data, the antioxidant effects and biochemical mechanisms of dietary selenium on human populations exposed to inorganic arsenic are not fully understood. METHODS: Total blood, urine and hair concentrations of arsenic and selenium were determined in ...
Potapow André - - 2010
The objectives of this preliminary investigation were to evaluate the feasibility of transrectal colour Doppler sonography (TCDS) for determining blood flow of the pudendoepigastric trunk in cows with experimentally induced Escherichia coli Mastitis. Five primiparous Holstein dairy cows, 4-6 months after calving, were examined in two trials. All monitored udder ...
Shen Haitao - - 2010
Concentrations and congener specific profiles of PCDD/Fs, PCBs, PBDEs and organochlorine residues were measured in 22 pooled blood samples representing 66 children from both polluted areas (E-waste recycling region) and case control areas in Zhejiang province, China. To our knowledge, this is the first report on these pollutants in the ...
Khan Haroon - - 2010
Lithium remains a mainstay in the acute and prophylactic treatment of bipolar affective disorder. It is used in the augmentation of antidepressant treatment and, less frequently, in the augmentation of antipsychotic treatment of schizophrenia. It is reported to have specific anti-suicidal effects. Thus the effect of Lithium was interesting to ...
Guirlet Elodie - - 2010
We examined the maternal transfer of organochlorine contaminants (OCs), pesticides (DDTS and HCHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and the temporal variation of blood and eggs concentrations from 38 leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) nesting in French Guiana. PCBs were found to be the dominant OCs with respective mean concentrations of 55.14 ...
Benson Jill - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 is one of the most complex vitamins. The measurement of serum levels and the significance of the results are much debated in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This article discusses testing for vitamin B12 deficiency, its clinical manifestations and the possible repercussions for Australia's refugee population. DISCUSSION: Full blood ...
Bustnes Jan Ove - - 2010
Female common eiders (Somateria mollissima) starve during the nesting stage and may loose 30-45% of their initial body mass, mostly through lipid mobilization. In this study, the effects of fasting on the blood concentrations of three lipid-soluble organochlorines (OCs: polychlorinated biphenyl [PCB]-153; 1-dichloro-2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene [p,p'-DDE]; and hexachlorobenzene [HCB]) were ...
Schecter Arnold - - 2010
We and others have previously described partitioning of chemicals, including polychlorinated-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls in different types of human tissues and fluids, including blood and milk. Additionally, we previously reported the blood to milk partitioning of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in a group of 11 women. Partitioning is of importance ...
Bequette B J - - 2010
The objective of this study was to test whether mammary AA metabolism and blood flow (BF) fluctuate in relation to changes in milk protein yield brought about by unilateral milking frequency. To investigate these relationships, the vascular systems of the mammary glands of 4 lactating goats were separated by ligation ...
Chuang Yu-Ming - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) harbor a network of abnormal vasculatures, namely the nidus between arterial and venous components. The pressure gradient between these two components results in abnormal high-velocity arteriovenous shunts flowing through the nidus and alternate intracranial hemodynamics. This study hypothesizes that the flow patterns of the circle ...
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