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Zhao Tongfeng - - 2011
Results from the published studies on the association of adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) polymorphisms with blood lipids and blood pressure are conflicting. We investigated the association of three ADIPOQ polymorphisms, +45 T > G (rs2241766), +276 G > T (rs1501299) and -11377 C > G (rs266729), with these traits in this meta-analysis. We included 35 studies in ...
Taylor-Edwards C C - - 2011
Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) increases small intestinal mass and blood flow in nonruminants but its effect in ruminants is unknown. Eight Holstein calves with an ultrasonic flow probe around the superior mesenteric artery and catheters in the carotid artery and mesenteric vein were paired by age and randomly assigned to treatment ...
Wang Peng - - 2011
Perivascular space (PVS) within the brain is an important pathway for interstitial fluid (ISF) and solute transport. Fluid flowing in the PVS can affect these transport processes and has significant impacts on physiology. In this paper, we carry out a theoretical analysis to investigate the fluid mechanics in the PVS. ...
Lourençon Adriana de Fátima Ade - - 2011
To convert first-time blood donors into regular volunteer donors is a challenge to transfusion services. This study aims to estimate the return rate of first time donors of the Ribeirão Preto Blood Center and of other blood centers in its coverage region. The histories of 115,553 volunteer donors between 1996 ...
Shibanuma Kiyoshi - - 2010
PURPOSE: L: -Arabinose uncompetitively inhibits intestinal sucrase by forming an enzyme-inhibitor-substrate (EIS) complex. The transient period of the EIS complex affects the time span of inhibition. We determined the apparent transient period of the EIS complex of sucrase, L: -arabinose, and sucrose both in vitro and in humans. METHODS: Intestinal ...
Nguyen Nam Q - - 2010
PURPOSE: Small intestinal (SI) motor patterns are often disrupted after major non-gastrointestinal (non-GI) surgery, but the impact on luminal flow and nutrient absorption is unclear. This study examines interactions between SI motility, flow and absorption in the first 3 days after surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: Concurrent assessments ...
Cortet P-P - - 2010
We experimentally study the susceptibility to symmetry breaking of a closed turbulent von Kármán swirling flow from Re=150 to Re≃10⁶. We report a divergence of this susceptibility at an intermediate Reynolds number Re=Re(χ)≃90,000 which gives experimental evidence that such a highly space and time fluctuating system can undergo a "phase ...
Jaben Elizabeth A - - 2011
After several hemolyzed blood samples were received in the laboratory, we investigated lipid emulsion/TPN as a novel cause of hemolysis. Whole blood was spiked with lipid emulsion and TPN. Hemolysis was proportional to the amount of lipid emulsion present in whole blood, with less hemolysis occurring in blood gas syringes ...
Jotaki Tomomi - - 2011
We measured the concentration of each polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congener in whole blood, plasma and blood cells, and investigated the distribution of PCBs in human blood using high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS). The PCB concentrations in plasma and whole blood in terms of lipid concentrations were almost equal, with ...
Alvi Farrakh M - - 2011
Selenium concentrations in the blood of 112 (56 females and 56 males) normal subjects, from different regions of the Punjab (Pakistan), have been determined using the technique of inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The whole blood selenium concentrations were found to be 452 ± 12 ppb (parts per billion or nano-gram of Se per ...
Khan Zafar Iqbal - - 2011
The present investigation was carried out to determine the molybdenum (Mo) status of blood plasma and milk of lactating cows at the Livestock Experimental Station, Khizer abad, Sargodha, Pakistan. Blood and milk from the lactating cows were sampled periodically after every month during winter so as to examine the effect ...
Shinozuka Yasunori - - 2011
Three Japanese Black cows housed with 6 other cows exhibited main clinical symptoms of severe hemoglobinuria. Hematological analyses conducted after antibiotic therapy demonstrated severe anemia, and biochemical analyses indicated both severe hemolysis and disruption of hepatic function. One of the three cows died. Based on the above analyses and observation ...
Condino Melrose P - - 2010
To assess the usefulness and reliability of a milk-flow measurement technique and the values obtained in unobstructed teats and teats with teat canal stenosis in dairy cows. 16 Holstein cows. Teats were assessed via hand milking and classified as unobstructed or partially obstructed. Partially obstructed teats were further categorized according ...
Yatou Hiroki - - 2010
We numerically find three types of steady solutions of viscoelastic flows and flow pattern transitions between them in a two-dimensional wavy-walled channel for low to moderate Weissenberg (Wi) and Reynolds (Re) numbers using a spectral element method. The solutions are called "convective," "transition," and "elastic" in ascending order of Wi. ...
McComb Timothy - - 2010
The goal of the current study was to determine the range of blood selenium concentrations in goats in New York State that were fed adequately supplemented diets. Blood samples from mature, juvenile, and neonatal goats from commercial farms, 2 dairy and 2 meat producers, were analyzed via graphite-furnace atomic absorption ...
Ouellet D R - - 2010
The effect of the method of conservation of forage on endogenous N (EN) secretion was studied using a 15N isotope dilution technique in 4 lactating Holstein cows selected from a replicated 3x3 Latin square. Cows were equipped with ruminal, duodenal (n=4), and ileal (n=2) cannulas. Diets comprised 44% concentrate plus ...
Ambord S - - 2010
To study the effects of a milking system that partially compensates for milk flow-dependent vacuum loss compared with a standard (high-line) milking unit in a tie-stall barn, milk flow and vacuum patterns were recorded in 10 cows during machine milking with 2 milking systems in a crossover design for 7 ...
Trevisi Erminio - - 2010
This paper reports the results of a study that aimed to assess whether liver functionality defined by liver activity index (LAI) is associated with inflammatory and immune parameters in blood and milk. LAI is an index including the average blood levels of albumin, lipoproteins and retinol-binding protein measured three times ...
Aoyama Shiori - - 2010
We used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to examine differences in neonates' orbito-frontal cortical activation in response to the odours of maternal breast milk and formula milk in terms of changes in the oxygenation of cerebral blood flow. Twenty-six healthy neonates were tested in their cribs while they slept in a silent ...
Short Meghan E - - 2010
To determine the effect of health promotion programs of Prudential Financial, Inc on biometric measures of blood lipids and glucose. Using actual biometric and self-reported measures of blood lipids and glucose values for the employees of Prudential Financial, Inc, we examined 1) the extent to which self-reported lipid and blood ...
Trippa Giuliana - - 2011
A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is presented to simulate the removal of lipid particles from blood using a novel ultrasonic quarter-wavelength separator. The Lagrangian-Eulerian CFD model accounts for conservation of mass and momentum, for the presence of lipid particles of a range of diameters, for the acoustic force as ...
Rana Tanmoy - - 2010
This study aimed to determine the hemato-biochemical picture and blood oxidative stress in zebu cattle in an arsenic-contaminated zone. Significant decline in total erythrocyte count, packed cell volume, and total plasma protein was observed in cattle of that area in comparison to uncontaminated zone. There was significant elevation of plasma ...
Roosens Laurence - - 2010
We assessed the exposure of the Flemish population to brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) by analysis of pooled cord blood, adolescent and adult serum, and human milk. Levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in blood (range 1.6-6.5 ng/g lipid weight, lw) and milk (range 2.0-6.4 ng/g lw) ...
Yordy Jennifer E - - 2010
Biomonitoring surveys of wild cetaceans commonly utilize blubber as a means to assess exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs), but the relationship between concentrations in blubber and those in blood, a better indicator of target organ exposure, is poorly understood. To define this relationship, matched blubber and plasma samples (n ...
Xue Wanli - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although interactions of arsenite and selenite in mammalian organisms have been suggested by literature data, the antioxidant effects and biochemical mechanisms of dietary selenium on human populations exposed to inorganic arsenic are not fully understood. METHODS: Total blood, urine and hair concentrations of arsenic and selenium were determined in ...
Potapow André - - 2010
The objectives of this preliminary investigation were to evaluate the feasibility of transrectal colour Doppler sonography (TCDS) for determining blood flow of the pudendoepigastric trunk in cows with experimentally induced Escherichia coli Mastitis. Five primiparous Holstein dairy cows, 4-6 months after calving, were examined in two trials. All monitored udder ...
Shen Haitao - - 2010
Concentrations and congener specific profiles of PCDD/Fs, PCBs, PBDEs and organochlorine residues were measured in 22 pooled blood samples representing 66 children from both polluted areas (E-waste recycling region) and case control areas in Zhejiang province, China. To our knowledge, this is the first report on these pollutants in the ...
Khan Haroon - - 2010
Lithium remains a mainstay in the acute and prophylactic treatment of bipolar affective disorder. It is used in the augmentation of antidepressant treatment and, less frequently, in the augmentation of antipsychotic treatment of schizophrenia. It is reported to have specific anti-suicidal effects. Thus the effect of Lithium was interesting to ...
Guirlet Elodie - - 2010
We examined the maternal transfer of organochlorine contaminants (OCs), pesticides (DDTS and HCHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and the temporal variation of blood and eggs concentrations from 38 leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) nesting in French Guiana. PCBs were found to be the dominant OCs with respective mean concentrations of 55.14 ...
Benson Jill - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 is one of the most complex vitamins. The measurement of serum levels and the significance of the results are much debated in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This article discusses testing for vitamin B12 deficiency, its clinical manifestations and the possible repercussions for Australia's refugee population. DISCUSSION: Full blood ...
Bustnes Jan Ove - - 2010
Female common eiders (Somateria mollissima) starve during the nesting stage and may loose 30-45% of their initial body mass, mostly through lipid mobilization. In this study, the effects of fasting on the blood concentrations of three lipid-soluble organochlorines (OCs: polychlorinated biphenyl [PCB]-153; 1-dichloro-2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene [p,p'-DDE]; and hexachlorobenzene [HCB]) were ...
Schecter Arnold - - 2010
We and others have previously described partitioning of chemicals, including polychlorinated-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls in different types of human tissues and fluids, including blood and milk. Additionally, we previously reported the blood to milk partitioning of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in a group of 11 women. Partitioning is of importance ...
Bequette B J - - 2010
The objective of this study was to test whether mammary AA metabolism and blood flow (BF) fluctuate in relation to changes in milk protein yield brought about by unilateral milking frequency. To investigate these relationships, the vascular systems of the mammary glands of 4 lactating goats were separated by ligation ...
Chuang Yu-Ming - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) harbor a network of abnormal vasculatures, namely the nidus between arterial and venous components. The pressure gradient between these two components results in abnormal high-velocity arteriovenous shunts flowing through the nidus and alternate intracranial hemodynamics. This study hypothesizes that the flow patterns of the circle ...
Singh Shatrughan - - 2010
Absorption and fluorescence properties of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) along a 124 km transect in the Barataria Basin, a large estuary located in Louisiana, USA, were investigated during high and low flow periods of the Mississippi River in the spring and winter of 2008-2009. Mean CDOM absorption at 355 ...
Ajakaiye Joachim J - - 2010
The effects of vitamins C and E on layer chickens transported by road for 6 h during the hot dry season were investigated. Two experimental groups consisting of thirty Shika Brown layers were separately administered vitamins C and E orally just before transportation, while another 30 layers, which were only ...
Zhao Tongfeng - - 2010
Studies examining the association of apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5) gene -1131 T>C polymorphism with blood lipids produced inconsistent results. In this meta-analysis encompassing all the relevant studies, we aimed to investigate the association of the -1131 T>C polymorphism with fasting blood lipids. We limited our analysis to the following four blood ...
Moyes K M - - 2009
Our objective was to identify specific blood markers as risk factors for the development of mastitis during early lactation. We used a subset of cows from a larger experiment that consisted of a total of 634 lactations from 317 cows. Cows were of 3 breeds and ranged from parity 1 ...
Todaka Takashi - - 2010
We measured the concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and non-dioxin-like PCBs in paired samples of blood and breast milk collected from 89 primiparous mothers in Sapporo City, Japan, and studied the relationships of these compounds between blood and breast milk for these women ...
Kang Wei-Ming - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of abnormity of blood lipid and associated factors in healthy population in Beijing. METHODS: Totally, 38462 individuals who received health examination were enrolled in our study. We divided them into eight groups according to their ages. The levels of serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density ...
Piepers S - - 2009
Polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocytes (PMNL) play an important role in the first line cell-mediated immune defense of the body in general and of the mammary gland against mastitis pathogens in particular. Reduced viability of PMNL close to parturition may explain the high incidence of infectious diseases and the high prevalence of ...
Sato Hiroshi - - 2009
To evaluate acetone and isopropanol metabolism in bovine ketosis, the blood concentrations of isopropanol, acetone, plasma 3-hydroxybutyrate (3-HB) and other metabolites were analyzed in 12 healthy controls and 15 ketotic dairy cows including fatty liver and inferior prognosis after laparotomy for displaced abomasum. In ruminal fluid taken from 6 ketotic ...
Rosen Laura E - - 2009
Periodic pneumonia outbreaks cause large-scale die-offs that threaten the viability of bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) populations. Bighorns are highly susceptible to pneumonia, and in some cases this susceptibility may be exacerbated by trace mineral deficiencies. To evaluate responses to injectable selenium supplementation, eight captive bighorn sheep were treated with either ...
Conover Michael R - - 2009
We examined selenium and mercury concentrations in eared grebes (Podiceps nigricollis) that spent the fall of 2006 on the Great Salt Lake (UT, U.S.A.), where their diet consisted mainly of brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana). Selenium concentrations in livers varied based on when the grebes were collected (lower in September [mean ...
Moeller R B RB - - 2009
Three adult lactating Holstein cows were injected in the subcutaneous abdominal vein with 175 ng/kg of body weight of Clostridium botulinum type C toxin (451 cow median toxic doses) to determine if this botulinum toxin crosses the blood-milk barrier. Whole blood (in sodium heparin) and clotted blood serum samples were ...
MacLachlan D J - - 2009
Data on the transfer of lipophilic xenobiotics from livestock feed and the environment to meat and milk are required for risk assessment purposes. Often, data are only available for lactating dairy cattle. Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling has been used to explore differences between classes of food-producing animals. Blood and tissue ...
Morris Andrew J AJ The Gill Heart Institute, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY 40536, USA. - - 2009
Lysophosphatidic acid and sphingosine 1-phosphate are bioactive lipid mediators with potent effects on cardiovascular development and vascular function. New studies define dynamic mechanisms that maintain physiologically relevant levels of both lipids in the blood. We review the mechanisms controlling the production, metabolism, and distribution of these lipids between vascular cells, ...
Ambord Sarah - - 2009
To test a system with milk flow-controlled pulsation, milk flow was recorded in 29 Holstein cows during machine milking. The three different treatments were routine milking (including a pre-stimulation of 50-70 s), milking with a minimum of teat preparation and milking with milk flow-controlled b-phase, i.e. with a gradually elongated ...
Markiewicz H - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare some blood biochemical indicators in cows with displacement of abomasum (DA) which recovered or died after treatment. Examinations were performed on 60 multiparous cows with left (L) or right (R) displacement and on 15 healthy herdmates. Diagnosis was made by experienced practitioners ...
Qureshi Ghulam Mujadid - - 2009
Increased cholesterol in blood plays the role in atherosclerosis formation. It is observed that stress increases cholesterol level. Most of previous studies were conducted on biological risk factors like blood lipids under stress in middle aged persons who remained under investigations for heart problems. The study was conducted to evaluate ...
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