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Giertsen J C - - 1988
Four divers in a compression chamber system were suddenly decompressed from 9 atm to 1 atm. One of the divers was about to close the door between the chamber system and the trunk when the accident happened. He was shot out through the door and severely mutilated. The three others ...
Donnelly C W - - 1988
This paper describes the application of flow cytometry to the analysis of milk for the presence of Listeria monocytogenes. A total of 939 raw milk samples from 54 farms were analyzed for the presence of L. monocytogenes by cold enrichment vs flow cytometry, which incorporated a selective enrichment step. Analyzed ...
Vernie L N - - 1988
Haematocrit and glutathione peroxidase activity in blood, as well as selenium levels in blood, erythrocytes and plasma, were determined in 15 patients during four courses of cisplatin combination treatment for testicular teratoma. The haematocrit steadily declined, necessitating frequent blood transfusions during or after treatment. For patients without blood transfusions during ...
Hammer R A - - 1988
This study was performed to determine whether the level of neurotensin in mesenteric venous blood after lipid perfusion is sufficient to establish neurotensin as a mediator of lipid-induced mesenteric vasodilation. In anesthetized dogs, arterial flow to segments of the ileum was recorded, and blood was collected for measurement of neurotensin-like ...
McFadden T B - - 1988
Intramammary leucocytosis was induced by injection of Escherichia coli endotoxin via the teat canal in three lactating Holstein cows. Concentrations of alpha-lactalbumin and casein in blood serum were measured, and somatic cell concentration and yield and composition of milk were determined. Endotoxin injection elicited mean increases of 100-fold in somatic ...
Valentine J L - - 1988
Four communities with water supplies having selenium concentrations of less than 3.1, 1.7, 189, and 496 micrograms/liter were selected for study. Samples of blood, urine, and tap water were obtained from participants in each community and analyzed for selenium content. Blood samples were also analyzed for glutathione peroxidase activity. Results ...
Kopeć-Szlezak J - - 1988
Vitamins E and C were used for the enrichment of the fluid for blood preservation. Whole blood with added ACD solution and vitamins E and C was stored at 4 degrees C for 21 days. The performed determinations included: haematocrit, osmotic fragility of the erythrocytes, ATP and 2,3-DPG content in ...
Oster O - - 1988
The serum selenium and the whole blood selenium of 72 healthy persons (47 women, 25 men) was determined. There exist sex specific differences of the whole blood selenium between men (98 +/- 19 micrograms Se/L) and women (89 +/- 17 micrograms Se/L). The serum selenium did not show sex specific ...
McDowell G H - - 1988
Exogenous bovine growth hormone at a dose of 0.1 mg kg-1 liveweight increased yields of milk and milk constituents and milk fat content when injected over 5 days into ewes in mid-lactation. These changes in milk production were associated with changes in the supply to, and utilization of, nutrients by ...
Phillippo M - - 1987
The occurrence and incidence of pneumonia in housed calves were not related to the selenium status of the herd as measured by blood glutathione peroxidase activity nor were they affected by selenium treatment of calves during the neonatal period. Pneumonia was related more closely to herd size and building design.
Zuccato E - - 1987
The breakdown of the carbohydrates by the colonic bacterial flora can cause intestinal symptoms, such as meteorism, abdominal pain and diarrhoea. The ability of human bacterial flora to break down the DEAE-dextran, a new lipid lowering resin, similar to cholestyramine, was investigated in man. Colonic bacterial flora did not appear ...
Berning L M - - 1987
Six midlactation, nonpregnant cows were subjected to heat-induced stress or to repeated injections of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). The heat stress (experiment 1) consisted of subjecting the cows to 7 days of fluctuating temperatures (21 C during the day, 32 C during the night). The ACTH-induced stress (experiment 2) was accomplished ...
Erskine R J - - 1987
Two groups of dairy herds (16 herds/group) were studied to determine the relationship between the prevalence of mastitis in a herd and mean herd blood concentrations of vitamins A and E, beta-carotene, and selenium (Se). One group had a Dairy Herd Improvement Association 12-month mean herd somatic cell count (SCC) ...
Henry E T - - 1987
Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) was transmitted by rectal inoculation of BLV-infective whole blood into cattle and sheep. Two cows and 2 sheep each were given 500 ml and 50 ml of blood, respectively, by rectal infusion. Two sheep which served as positive controls each were given 1 ml of the ...
Dewes H F - - 1987
A case of selenium poisoning was suspected following the administration of 325 micromol selenium a day as sodium selenate (25 mg Se) for five consecutive days. The main signs were confined to changes in the integument which were loss of hair from the mane and tail, disintegration of the skin ...
Radisch B - - 1987
Cadmium concentrations were measured by flameless atomic absorption spectrometry in blood and mature milk of 15 nonsmoking and 56 smoking mothers during the nursing period. Both blood and milk concentrations increased with increasing cigarette consumption. The median blood and milk concentrations in nonsmokers were 0.54 and 0.07 microgram/l, respectively; these ...
LaVoie E J - - 1987
The extent to which some of the more prevalent and potent carcinogens in cigarette smoke could be transferred from circulating blood into the milk of lactating rats was determined. One hour after i.v. administration of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) to the dams, the levels of these carcinogens ...
Kubota K - - 1987
A unique case of pernicious anemia is described. Initially, the percentage of OKT8-positive blood cells was markedly decreased, resulting in an increase in the OKT4/OKT8 ratio. The level of OKT8-positive blood cells was, however, returned to normal after vitamin B12 therapy. The finding may propose a possible role of the ...
Krause H J - - 1987
We have investigated the blood clearance kinetics and tissue distribution of large multilamellar liposomes (MLVs) and small unilamellar liposomes (SUVs) composed of the photopolymerizable lipid bis[12-(methacryloyloxy)dodecanoyl]-L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine. Polymerized MLVs or SUVs are cleared from the bloodstream more rapidly than nonpolymerized vesicles with similar size profiles. Both polymerized and nonpolymerized vesicles primarily ...
Dworkin B - - 1987
Frank clinical selenium deficiency has been described in cystic fibrosis (CF), and a relative deficiency has been proposed as contributing to the pathogenesis of the disease. Because of these possibilities, we investigated the relationship between overall nutritional status in CF with measures of selenium nutriture. Fifteen stable outpatients with CF ...
Lengemann F W - - 1987
Serial collections of milk were used to determine where in the mammary gland endotoxin of Escherichia coli was effective in altering the transfer of selected milk components into blood and blood components into milk. Lactating goats had half the gland infused with 1 microgram of endotoxin and the other half ...
Esteves J L - - 1986
Nitrate reduction in a non-polluted, coastal marine sediment was measured with an open flow-through system. The recorded rates depended upon nitrate concentration but were largely independent of the weight of sediment (14-35 g) and the dilution rate (0.7-5 h(-1)). Rate of nitrate uptake followed classical Michaelis-Menten kinetics, and km and ...
Jeffers M - - 1986
During a 6-week period, 22 Dairy Shorthorn cows and heifers died with granulocytopaenia and thrombocytopaenia. Clinical signs observed in the affected animals included increased salivation, pyrexia, depression, rumenal stasis, bilateral epistaxis, melaena, increased bleeding after removal of retained foetal membranes and rapid weight loss. Despite intensive antibiotic and vitamin K ...
Baker H - - 1986
Blood concentrations of thiamin, biotin, nicotinates, pantothenates, folates, riboflavin, vitamins A, B6, B12, C, E, beta-carotene and choline were analyzed in healthy animals (23 horses, 25 dogs, and 29 cats). B-Complex vitamins and choline also were analyzed in the liver of the dogs and cats. Vitamin concentrations in the blood ...
Brown K D - - 1986
125I-Labelled mouse epidermal growth factor (125I-EGF) was transferred intact and undegraded from circulating blood into milk in conscious lactating goats. Greater than 90% of the total radioactivity present in milk from the infused gland was in the aqueous phase and more than 72% was acid-precipitable. This radiolabelled material co-eluted with ...
McClure T J - - 1986
Dairy cows on 3 New South Wales dairy farms with herd mean blood glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities of less than 70 U/g haemoglobin, showed a significant improvement in first service conception rates following treatment with oral selenium pellets. Treated cows had significantly higher blood GSH-Px activities compared with control cows, ...
Williams D M - - 1986
The velocity of milk flow from the teat during the peak flow rate period of milking was estimated to be approximately 8.5 m/s with a liner vacuum of 50 kPa and 7.5 m/s at 40 kPa. These results confirm the applicability of the Bernoulli theorem for estimating velocity of milk ...
Gorewit R C - - 1986
Six Holstein cows in late lactation were used to determine effects of 4-mA square wave alternating current on mammary gland blood flow rate, heart rate, and blood pressure. Current to the lumbar-sacral region of the cows' back was applied 10 s prior to udder massage and throughout milking. Heart rate ...
Jankus E F - - 1986
Relative blood flow to tissues of the distal part of the teat (mammary papilla) in 5 lactating dairy cows was determined, using 15-microns nonradioactive carbonized microspheres. Highest relative blood flow occurred in the epithelial region (zone A) of the teat canal (papillary duct) which comprised both teat canal epithelium and ...
Lipkin E - - 1986
In an attempt to define clinical variables which might predict the whole blood selenium level prior to supplementation, whole blood selenium levels were determined in 21 home parenteral nutrition patients who were not receiving selenium supplementation. These levels were examined for possible correlations by single and multivariant analysis with the ...
Mattila T - - 1986
Interrelationships between N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (indicating cellular damage) and antitrypsin (indicating increased permeability between the blood and milk compartments) were evaluated in 1,411 quarter-milk samples collected during routine herd surveys. N-Acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase was antitrypsin, whereas, in more severe mastitis, antitrypsin had a more constant deflection. The sensitivity of both determinants was associated with ...
Hassan G A - - 1986
Under the conditions of a high ambient temperature and the lack of green fodder goats are very important for milk production. During 16 weeks of lactation period, the milk yield of 10 Baladi goats was 55 kg. The amount of milk exhibited a positive relation to the globulin and glucose ...
Kies C - - 1985
Generalized effects of dietary fiber on lipid absorption and blood serum lipid patterns of humans have not been defined and may not even exist. The term dietary fiber covers a wide variety of materials with different chemical and physical characteristics. The ability of pectins and mucilages, often classed as soluble ...
Gorewit R C - - 1985
To elucidate mechanisms by which epinephrine (epi) blocks milk ejection in cattle, blood serum oxytocin (OT) concentrations were measured in four heifers before, during, and after milking following either intrajugular injection of 0.85% saline (S) or epi (3 mg). S did not affect OT concentrations. They peaked 2 min after ...
Friendship R M - - 1985
The blood glutathione peroxidase levels of one day old piglets from 22 litters were examined. Body weight and piglet survival were monitored in order to assess the relationship between these two factors and blood glutathione peroxidase activity. The mean blood glutathione peroxidase level of one day old piglets (65 mu/gHb) ...
Gorewit R C - - 1985
For effects of varying duration of premilking manual udder massage on milking performance and oxytocin release, five Holstein cows were subjected to a) no stimulation, b) stimulation by manual udder massage before machine attachment for 15 s, c) for 30 s, d) for 60 s, and e) for 120 s. ...
Cotter R - - 1985
Metabolic utilization of fat emulsions containing 20% lipid and 10% lipid were compared using beagles. The key parameter measured was elimination of the lipid from the bloodstream, which serves as an indication of the emulsion's availability for metabolism. Nonlinear kinetic analysis was used in this determination. Blood concentrations of free ...
Friend T H - - 1985
Holstein bull calves were blocked by birth order and randomly assigned to one of three treatments in trial I: stall (N = 7), pen (N = 7) and hutch (N = 7), and to one of four treatments in trial II: stall (N = 6), pen (N = 5), hutch ...
Davis S R - - 1985
In ruminants, mammary supply of substrate varies with rate of mammary blood flow and concentrations of blood substrates. Blood concentrations of most mammary substrates, except acetate and tryptophan, do not vary greatly with feed intake, short term. Fasting reduces mammary blood flow, whereas milking and injection of growth hormone or ...
Al-Ani F K - - 1985
Udder oedema was studied in eight Jersey cows with rectovaginal constriction (RVC) and three normal Jersey cows. A complete physical examination was performed at least two weeks before parturition, at parturition and two weeks after parturition. Jersey cows with RVC developed udder oedema as early as 14 days before parturition, ...
Ogoshi S - - 1985
We studied the utility of a trial multivitamin preparation 'NK-041' for total parenteral nutrition. This preparation was used in 260 surgical patients during total parenteral nutrition, and changes in their blood vitamin levels were analyzed. Blood levels of all vitamins administered varied within the respective normal ranges, with few exceptional ...
Koller L D - - 1984
Blood glutathione peroxidase activity and selenium levels were found to correlate well, indicating that glutathione peroxidase activity can be used to assess blood selenium levels in beef cattle. The glutathione peroxidase activity of blood is less stable than is the selenium concentration but when blood was stored at 4 degrees ...
Vadhanavikit S - - 1984
A quantitative method for the determination of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) in human blood has been devised which allows recovery of essentially 100% of the CoQ10. The use of whole blood rather than plasma includes the CoQ10 in white cells. The method utilizes TLC instead of saponification to fractionate lipid impurities, ...
Lohiya N K - - 1984
Bilaterally vasectomized langur monkeys were compared with age matched sham operated controls for biochemical constituents of the blood following 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 years of surgery. No appreciable changes were observed in blood glucose and blood urea and serum total protein, total lipid, phospholipid, total cholesterol, sialic acid, electrolytes (chloride, ...
Burley R W - - 1984
As part of a study of the transfer of proteins and lipids from avian blood to egg yolk, some properties of lipoproteins from the blood of laying hens were compared with those of the low-density lipoprotein (YLP) from egg yolk of the same hens. Although it is known from previous ...
Vural N - - 1984
Aqueous extracts of a different variety of fresh broad bean seeds obtained from a favism endemic area in Turkey, were incubated with blood from sensitive and non-sensitive (control) subjects. Red blood cells were characterized by a whole blood glutathione (GSH) and a deficiency of Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) activity. As the ...
Brechbühler T - - 1984
In the Göttinger minipig, the reference values of 18 parameters in whole blood or plasma were determined. The results are expressed both as the mean value and +/- 2 SD presuming a symmetrical normal distribution and as the median value with the corresponding range. For most blood constituents, the results ...
Kappel L C - - 1984
Holstein cows (n = 104) and heifers (n = 35) were used to determine the effects of treatment with selenium (Se) and vitamin E on whole blood Se values and fertility. At 21 +/- 3 days before parturition, 55 cows and 19 heifers were injected with 680 IU of vitamin ...
Ziv G - - 1984
A 2% aqueous solution of methylene blue was administered as a single intravenous (i.v.) bolus injection (10 mg/kg) to six lactating cows and seven lactating goats and a continuous i.v. drip to five lactating goats. The same dose was administered as a 10% solution by intramammary infusion to five lactating ...
Morris J G - - 1984
Cattle grazing St. Augustine grass growing on peaty muck soils in the Florida Everglades developed anemia associated with the presence of Heinz bodies and suboptimal concentrations of selenium in blood. Selenium supplementation corrected the anemia, prevented Heinz body formation, increased the body weight of cows and calves, and elevated blood ...
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