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Results 451 - 500 of 561
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Krause H J - - 1987
We have investigated the blood clearance kinetics and tissue distribution of large multilamellar liposomes (MLVs) and small unilamellar liposomes (SUVs) composed of the photopolymerizable lipid bis[12-(methacryloyloxy)dodecanoyl]-L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine. Polymerized MLVs or SUVs are cleared from the bloodstream more rapidly than nonpolymerized vesicles with similar size profiles. Both polymerized and nonpolymerized vesicles primarily ...
Dworkin B - - 1987
Frank clinical selenium deficiency has been described in cystic fibrosis (CF), and a relative deficiency has been proposed as contributing to the pathogenesis of the disease. Because of these possibilities, we investigated the relationship between overall nutritional status in CF with measures of selenium nutriture. Fifteen stable outpatients with CF ...
Lengemann F W - - 1987
Serial collections of milk were used to determine where in the mammary gland endotoxin of Escherichia coli was effective in altering the transfer of selected milk components into blood and blood components into milk. Lactating goats had half the gland infused with 1 microgram of endotoxin and the other half ...
Esteves J L - - 1986
Nitrate reduction in a non-polluted, coastal marine sediment was measured with an open flow-through system. The recorded rates depended upon nitrate concentration but were largely independent of the weight of sediment (14-35 g) and the dilution rate (0.7-5 h(-1)). Rate of nitrate uptake followed classical Michaelis-Menten kinetics, and km and ...
Jeffers M - - 1986
During a 6-week period, 22 Dairy Shorthorn cows and heifers died with granulocytopaenia and thrombocytopaenia. Clinical signs observed in the affected animals included increased salivation, pyrexia, depression, rumenal stasis, bilateral epistaxis, melaena, increased bleeding after removal of retained foetal membranes and rapid weight loss. Despite intensive antibiotic and vitamin K ...
Baker H - - 1986
Blood concentrations of thiamin, biotin, nicotinates, pantothenates, folates, riboflavin, vitamins A, B6, B12, C, E, beta-carotene and choline were analyzed in healthy animals (23 horses, 25 dogs, and 29 cats). B-Complex vitamins and choline also were analyzed in the liver of the dogs and cats. Vitamin concentrations in the blood ...
Brown K D - - 1986
125I-Labelled mouse epidermal growth factor (125I-EGF) was transferred intact and undegraded from circulating blood into milk in conscious lactating goats. Greater than 90% of the total radioactivity present in milk from the infused gland was in the aqueous phase and more than 72% was acid-precipitable. This radiolabelled material co-eluted with ...
McClure T J - - 1986
Dairy cows on 3 New South Wales dairy farms with herd mean blood glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities of less than 70 U/g haemoglobin, showed a significant improvement in first service conception rates following treatment with oral selenium pellets. Treated cows had significantly higher blood GSH-Px activities compared with control cows, ...
Williams D M - - 1986
The velocity of milk flow from the teat during the peak flow rate period of milking was estimated to be approximately 8.5 m/s with a liner vacuum of 50 kPa and 7.5 m/s at 40 kPa. These results confirm the applicability of the Bernoulli theorem for estimating velocity of milk ...
Gorewit R C - - 1986
Six Holstein cows in late lactation were used to determine effects of 4-mA square wave alternating current on mammary gland blood flow rate, heart rate, and blood pressure. Current to the lumbar-sacral region of the cows' back was applied 10 s prior to udder massage and throughout milking. Heart rate ...
Jankus E F - - 1986
Relative blood flow to tissues of the distal part of the teat (mammary papilla) in 5 lactating dairy cows was determined, using 15-microns nonradioactive carbonized microspheres. Highest relative blood flow occurred in the epithelial region (zone A) of the teat canal (papillary duct) which comprised both teat canal epithelium and ...
Lipkin E - - 1986
In an attempt to define clinical variables which might predict the whole blood selenium level prior to supplementation, whole blood selenium levels were determined in 21 home parenteral nutrition patients who were not receiving selenium supplementation. These levels were examined for possible correlations by single and multivariant analysis with the ...
Mattila T - - 1986
Interrelationships between N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (indicating cellular damage) and antitrypsin (indicating increased permeability between the blood and milk compartments) were evaluated in 1,411 quarter-milk samples collected during routine herd surveys. N-Acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase was antitrypsin, whereas, in more severe mastitis, antitrypsin had a more constant deflection. The sensitivity of both determinants was associated with ...
Hassan G A - - 1986
Under the conditions of a high ambient temperature and the lack of green fodder goats are very important for milk production. During 16 weeks of lactation period, the milk yield of 10 Baladi goats was 55 kg. The amount of milk exhibited a positive relation to the globulin and glucose ...
Kies C - - 1985
Generalized effects of dietary fiber on lipid absorption and blood serum lipid patterns of humans have not been defined and may not even exist. The term dietary fiber covers a wide variety of materials with different chemical and physical characteristics. The ability of pectins and mucilages, often classed as soluble ...
Gorewit R C - - 1985
To elucidate mechanisms by which epinephrine (epi) blocks milk ejection in cattle, blood serum oxytocin (OT) concentrations were measured in four heifers before, during, and after milking following either intrajugular injection of 0.85% saline (S) or epi (3 mg). S did not affect OT concentrations. They peaked 2 min after ...
Friendship R M - - 1985
The blood glutathione peroxidase levels of one day old piglets from 22 litters were examined. Body weight and piglet survival were monitored in order to assess the relationship between these two factors and blood glutathione peroxidase activity. The mean blood glutathione peroxidase level of one day old piglets (65 mu/gHb) ...
Gorewit R C - - 1985
For effects of varying duration of premilking manual udder massage on milking performance and oxytocin release, five Holstein cows were subjected to a) no stimulation, b) stimulation by manual udder massage before machine attachment for 15 s, c) for 30 s, d) for 60 s, and e) for 120 s. ...
Cotter R - - 1985
Metabolic utilization of fat emulsions containing 20% lipid and 10% lipid were compared using beagles. The key parameter measured was elimination of the lipid from the bloodstream, which serves as an indication of the emulsion's availability for metabolism. Nonlinear kinetic analysis was used in this determination. Blood concentrations of free ...
Friend T H - - 1985
Holstein bull calves were blocked by birth order and randomly assigned to one of three treatments in trial I: stall (N = 7), pen (N = 7) and hutch (N = 7), and to one of four treatments in trial II: stall (N = 6), pen (N = 5), hutch ...
Davis S R - - 1985
In ruminants, mammary supply of substrate varies with rate of mammary blood flow and concentrations of blood substrates. Blood concentrations of most mammary substrates, except acetate and tryptophan, do not vary greatly with feed intake, short term. Fasting reduces mammary blood flow, whereas milking and injection of growth hormone or ...
Al-Ani F K - - 1985
Udder oedema was studied in eight Jersey cows with rectovaginal constriction (RVC) and three normal Jersey cows. A complete physical examination was performed at least two weeks before parturition, at parturition and two weeks after parturition. Jersey cows with RVC developed udder oedema as early as 14 days before parturition, ...
Ogoshi S - - 1985
We studied the utility of a trial multivitamin preparation 'NK-041' for total parenteral nutrition. This preparation was used in 260 surgical patients during total parenteral nutrition, and changes in their blood vitamin levels were analyzed. Blood levels of all vitamins administered varied within the respective normal ranges, with few exceptional ...
Koller L D - - 1984
Blood glutathione peroxidase activity and selenium levels were found to correlate well, indicating that glutathione peroxidase activity can be used to assess blood selenium levels in beef cattle. The glutathione peroxidase activity of blood is less stable than is the selenium concentration but when blood was stored at 4 degrees ...
Vadhanavikit S - - 1984
A quantitative method for the determination of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) in human blood has been devised which allows recovery of essentially 100% of the CoQ10. The use of whole blood rather than plasma includes the CoQ10 in white cells. The method utilizes TLC instead of saponification to fractionate lipid impurities, ...
Lohiya N K - - 1984
Bilaterally vasectomized langur monkeys were compared with age matched sham operated controls for biochemical constituents of the blood following 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 years of surgery. No appreciable changes were observed in blood glucose and blood urea and serum total protein, total lipid, phospholipid, total cholesterol, sialic acid, electrolytes (chloride, ...
Burley R W - - 1984
As part of a study of the transfer of proteins and lipids from avian blood to egg yolk, some properties of lipoproteins from the blood of laying hens were compared with those of the low-density lipoprotein (YLP) from egg yolk of the same hens. Although it is known from previous ...
Vural N - - 1984
Aqueous extracts of a different variety of fresh broad bean seeds obtained from a favism endemic area in Turkey, were incubated with blood from sensitive and non-sensitive (control) subjects. Red blood cells were characterized by a whole blood glutathione (GSH) and a deficiency of Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) activity. As the ...
Brechbühler T - - 1984
In the Göttinger minipig, the reference values of 18 parameters in whole blood or plasma were determined. The results are expressed both as the mean value and +/- 2 SD presuming a symmetrical normal distribution and as the median value with the corresponding range. For most blood constituents, the results ...
Kappel L C - - 1984
Holstein cows (n = 104) and heifers (n = 35) were used to determine the effects of treatment with selenium (Se) and vitamin E on whole blood Se values and fertility. At 21 +/- 3 days before parturition, 55 cows and 19 heifers were injected with 680 IU of vitamin ...
Ziv G - - 1984
A 2% aqueous solution of methylene blue was administered as a single intravenous (i.v.) bolus injection (10 mg/kg) to six lactating cows and seven lactating goats and a continuous i.v. drip to five lactating goats. The same dose was administered as a 10% solution by intramammary infusion to five lactating ...
Morris J G - - 1984
Cattle grazing St. Augustine grass growing on peaty muck soils in the Florida Everglades developed anemia associated with the presence of Heinz bodies and suboptimal concentrations of selenium in blood. Selenium supplementation corrected the anemia, prevented Heinz body formation, increased the body weight of cows and calves, and elevated blood ...
Al-Ani F K - - 1984
Mammary blood flow (MBF) and mammary plasma flow (MPF) were measured by an antipyrine absorption method in 8 cows affected with udder edema and 3 healthy (control) cows at least 2 weeks before parturition, at parturition, and 2 weeks after parturition. Cows with udder edema had a significant decrease in ...
Sandholm M - - 1984
As mastitis is associated with leakage of small molecular weight plasma proteins, such as alpha 1-antitrypsin, into milk, this antitrypsin can be used as an indicator of mastitis. A colorimetric procedure was developed for large scale monitoring of milk antitrypsin activity, using microtitration plates and the Multiskan system. The effect ...
Speek A J - - 1984
A reliable and semi-automated high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method is described for the determination of total vitamin C in whole blood. After deproteinization of whole blood and enzymatic oxidation of l-ascorbic acid to dehydro-l-ascorbic acid, the latter is condensed with o-phenylenediamine to its quinoxaline derivative. This derivative is separated on ...
Maltz E - - 1984
When goats were milked every hour for 8 h without the use of exogenous oxytocin, milk ejection each hour appeared to be more complete than had previously been reported. Moreover, the rate of milk secretion increased by 15% over the period of hourly milking. There were no major changes in ...
Desai I D - - 1984
In newborns, the level of vitamin E in blood is very low as compared to that of placental intervillous blood and maternal blood. In our attempt to investigate the role of placenta in the transfer of vitamin E from the maternal to the newborn circulation, we have discovered that vitamin ...
Bourdon R M - - 1983
Calving date and calving interval records obtained from the Beef Cattle Division of Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Des Moines, Iowa, were studied to determine the reproductive measure of choice when a fixed breeding season is employed. Fixed model, least-squares procedures were used to analyze 2,411 records collected on purebred Red Angus, ...
Morkoç A - - 1983
Clinical cases of lactation failure in sows from 6 swine herds in Illinois were investigated for the presence of bacterial endotoxins in blood and the concurrent microbial status of uterus, milk, and intestine. Twenty-five affected sows were compared with 13 contemporary healthy sows (controls) in the same herds. A higher ...
Ronéus B - - 1983
Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) activity in the blood is correlated to the amount of selenium which was given to the horse. Currently recommended doses of selenium seem to be sufficient in order to prevent selenium deficiency. The blood GSH-px in foals reflects the amount of selenium given to the mare during ...
Mason R W - - 1983
Thirty cows gained access to a heap of discarded seed of chou moellier that had been stored in a barn for 10 years. Within 24 h 2 cows were dead and one was acutely ill. The outstanding lesion was oedema of the wall of the rumen. The toxicity was attributed ...
Erasmus J A - - 1983
Blood selenium concentrations of clinically healthy sheep were determined using a neutron activation technique. Although the number of samples were relatively small, the selenium concentration in the blood of sheep in the Kroonstad district appeared to be fairly normal. In the Bethlehem and Fouriesburg districts on the other hand, the ...
Terrence C F - - 1983
A retrospective study was carried out on a group of 138 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy for extracranial vascular disease. Risk factors of cerebrovascular disease and routine laboratory evaluations were assessed. Of the laboratory evaluations of blood lipids, only mean triglycerides were found to be significantly different from laboratory normals. Stroke ...
Naganuma A - - 1983
In vitro interaction profiles of mercuric mercury and selenite in rabbit blood under various reaction conditions were investigated. The most remarkable changes in the incorporations into the erythrocytes and gel filtration profiles of mercury and selenium in blood were observed when 10(-5) M mercuric chloride and 10(-5) M selenite were ...
Woolliams J A - - 1983
Activities of the enzymes glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were examined in the blood of 364 ewes of a lowland grazing flock comprising Scottish Blackface ewes and crosses of that breed with Border Leicester, Cambridge, East Friesland, Oldenburg and Texel rams. Half were bled at 16 months old ...
Wiener G - - 1983
The activity of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in whole blood and the selenium concentrations in whole blood and wool were measured in samples taken from 15 Scottish Blackface, 16 Welsh Mountain and 16 Finnish landrace sheep. Blood selenium sheep had almost twice the GSH-Px activity and blood selenium concentration ...
Weissman S H - - 1983
We studied the distribution and retention of inhaled selenious acid and selenium metal aerosols which were similar in size and chemical form to selenium aerosols that may be produced during fossil fuel combustion. Beagle dogs were given 10 to 61 micrograms Se/kg of body weight by inhalation. Aerosols generated for ...
Szejtli J - - 1983
Following oral administration to rats of beta-cyclodextrin inclusion complex of 3H-labelled vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) resulted in significantly higher blood radioactivity as with the non-complexed vitamin. Difference in the first 90 min was 2,3-2,8 fold, and it remained significantly higher up to the 6th h. After 24 h there was no ...
Alexander L J - - 1983
Several eye signs may present secondary to altered blood lipid levels. It is important to recognize these signs and their implications relative to both primary and secondary hyperlipoproteinemias. The significance of corneal arcus is age related, while isolated xanthelasma implies altered blood lipid levels in 30-50% of the cases. Eruptive ...
Vuilleumier J P - - 1983
Simple and proven techniques for the assay of the coenzyme stimulation of the erythrocyte enzymes transketolase, glutathione reductase and glutamate oxaloacetate aminotransferase are described. The results found in a cohort of 150 blood donors and their comparison with the values for total thiamine in whole blood and pyridoxal phosphate in ...
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