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Bachok Mohd Faez MF Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
Ulam refers to a group of traditional Malaysian plants commonly consumed as a part of a meal, either in the raw form or after a short blanching process. Many types of ulam are thought to possess blood glucose-lowering properties, but relatively little is known on the effectiveness of ulam in ...
Nieuwenhuis Lotte L LL Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To evaluate the interobserver agreement and discriminating value of three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasound (3D PDUS) in patients with fibroids. An observational prospective cohort study in 19 patients with fibroids. 3D PDUS was performed by one examiner and evaluated by three independent examiners in order to evaluate various vascular parameters: vascular ...
McCloskey Laura J LJ Jefferson University Hospitals, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Non-cellulose dried matrix spotting (DMS) cards are an alternative to filter paper (FP) for bloodspots. We compared the interpatient distributions of bloodspot areas between DMS and FP for a fixed volume of application of whole blood, and examined correlations of areas with hematocrit. EDTA-whole blood adult patient samples (n=49; 25 ...
Denniff Philip - - 2014
Volumetric Absorbtive Micro Sampling is a novel approach to obtaining a dried blood sample for quantitative bioanalysis that overcomes the area bias and sample homogeneity issues associated with conventional DBS when a sub-punch is taken from the sample. The VAMS sampler absorbs a fixed volume of blood (~10 µL) in ...
Peuke Andreas D AD ADP International Plant Science Consulting, Talstraße 8, D-79194 Gundelfingen, Germany; Institute for Landscape Biogeochemistry, Leibniz-Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung (ZALF) e.V., Eberswalderstr. 84, 15374 Müncheberg, - - 2014
Anoxic conditions should hamper the transport of sugar in the phloem, since this is an active process. The canopy is a carbohydrate source and the roots are carbohydrate sinks. By fumigating the shoot with N2 or flooding the rhizosphere, anoxic conditions in the source or sink, respectively, were induced. Volume ...
Ng Wl W Department of Anaesthesia, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New - - 2014
We investigated the accuracy of i-STAT(®) (Abbott Point of Care Inc., Princeton, NJ, USA) haemoglobin (Hb) measurement in surgical patients with an estimated blood loss of ≥25% of total blood volume. Blood tests for i-STAT(®) Hb, laboratory Hb (Sysmex XE-2100(™), Sysmex Corporation, Kobe, Japan) and total plasma proteins were obtained ...
Agrawal Amit A Blood Bank-Fortis Escorts Hospital, Okhla, New Delhi, - - 2014
The study was undertaken with the objective to provide data on the ABO and Rh(D) blood group distribution and gene frequency across India. A total of 10,000 healthy blood donors donating in blood banks situated in five different geographical regions of the country (North, South, East and Center) were included ...
Bishop Cecily V CV Division of Reproductive & Developmental Sciences, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Beaverton, OR, - - 2014
The objective of the current study was to determine changes to vascular parameters of nonhuman primate dominant ovarian structures by dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US). Dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound with intravenous microbubble infusion was performed on the rhesus macaque ovary bearing the pre-ovulatory follicle and corpus luteum (CL) sequentially during the natural ...
Schade Henning H Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South - - 2014
Compared with growth factor (G) alone, the combination of G with plerixafor (G + P) increases peripheral blood CD34+ count (PB-CD34+) and improves CD34+ collection yield (yCD34+) in multiple myeloma and lymphoma patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic progenitor cell (AHPC) mobilization. It is unknown whether the improved yCD34+ with G + P results entirely from ...
Benedictus Marije R MR Alzheimer Center & Department of Neurology, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To better understand whether decreased cerebral blood flow (CBF) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) reflects neurodegeneration or cerebral small vessel disease, we investigated the associations of normalized brain volume (NBV) and white matter hyperintensity (WMH) volume with CBF. We included 129 patients with AD (66 ± 7 years, 53% female) ...
Grioni Alessandro - - 2014
Reference intervals for blood biochemical analytes and packed cell volume are useful to veterinarians and conservation programs for monitoring the health of threatened species. Populations of the critically endangered Chinese three-striped box turtle, Cuora trifasciata (Bell, 1825), are heavily depleted in the wild because of overharvesting; and many individuals are ...
Maduell Francisco - - 2014
Introduction: On-line haemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) is based on the controlled administration of large volumes of replacement ultrapure dialysate to the extracorporeal blood circuit of dialysis. It is currently the most effective technique for eliminating small and large uraemic toxins. Recent studies have observed a direct association between a decrease in mortality ...
Abdelaal Mohammed Mahmoud MM Drs Abdelaal and Aboelatta are Associate Professors, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
Laser-assisted liposuction has been associated with reduced blood loss. However, this clinical finding has not been evaluated objectively. In this study, the authors objectively estimated the blood loss volume associated with laser lipolysis vs traditional liposuction in various anatomic regions. In this prospective study, 56 patients underwent equal amounts of ...
Gray Kerryn K Forensic Science Service Tasmania, 20 St. Johns Avenue, New Town, Tasmania 7008, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
A significant number of evidence items submitted to Forensic Science Service Tasmania (FSST) are blood swabs or bloodstained items. Samples from these items routinely undergo phenol:chloroform:isoamyl alcohol organic extraction and quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) testing prior to PowerPlex(®) 21 amplification. This multi-step process has significant cost and timeframe implications ...
Schneditz Daniel D 1Institute of Physiology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria 2 Clinical Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria 3KfH-Kuratorium für Dialyse und Nierentransplantation, KfH Kidney Center Berlin-Köpenick, Berlin, - - 2014
It was the aim to measure the distribution volume and the elimination of ultra-pure dialysate in stable hemodialysis patients during on-line hemodiafiltration (HDF).Dialysate was automatically infused as a volume indicator using standard on-line HDF equipment. Indicator concentration was non-invasively measured in the arterial blood-line (BVM, Fresenius Medical Care) and its ...
Popovic Katarina Surlan KS Institute of Radiology, University Medical Center Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Electronic address: - - 2014
We aimed to detect changes in the volume and perfusion parameters of the submandibular glands during and after radiochemotherapy. Twelve patients underwent computed tomography (CT) and perfusion CT before radiochemotherapy, after 40 Gy, after 70 Gy, and 3 months after radiochemotherapy. Submandibular gland volume, blood volume, permeability surface area product, and blood flow ...
Zuckerwise Lisa C LC Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Section of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Visual estimation of blood loss is often inaccurate and imprecise. Obstetric bleeding requires expedient identification and intervention to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality. We aimed to create a visual aid to improve accuracy of estimated obstetric blood loss. We designed a pocket card containing images of blood on common obstetric ...
Grady Mike M LifeScan Scotland Ltd, Inverness, UK - - 2014
There is a perception that patients with diabetes struggle to produce sufficient blood to fill glucose test strips, including strips with 1-µL fill requirements. The purpose of this study was to determine the volume of blood expressed when these patients perform routine fingersticks using their own lancing device and sampling ...
Miller Wayne L WL Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sought to quantitate total blood volume (TBV) in patients hospitalized for decompensated chronic heart failure (DCHF) and to determine the extent of volume overload, and the magnitude and distribution of blood volume and body water changes following diuretic therapy. The accurate assessment and management of volume overload in ...
Zaar Morten M aDepartment of Anaesthesia bDepartment of Clinical Immunology, Rigshospitalet cDepartment of Anaesthesia, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark dDepartment of Surgery, Center for Translational Injury Research, CeTIR, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
The coagulation system is activated by a reduction of the central blood volume during orthostatic stress and lower body negative pressure suggesting that also a blood loss enhances coagulation. During bleeding, however, the central blood volume is supported by fluid recruitment to the circulation and redistribution of the blood volume. ...
Park Chan-Seong CS Central District Office of National Forensic Service, Daejeon, 305-348, - - 2014
In bloodstain pattern analysis, the blood droplet volume and surface impact velocity play an important role, and many related experimental studies have been carried out. If an appropriate computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model that could solve bloodstain patterns, especially spine formation bloodstain patterns, can be obtained, the blood droplet volume ...
Whiting S D SD Faculty of Engineering, Health, Science and Environment, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT 0909, - - 2014
In recent years, the use of blood chemistry as a diagnostic tool for sea turtles has been demonstrated, but much of its effectiveness relies on reference intervals. The first comprehensive blood chemistry values for healthy wild hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata) sea turtles are presented. Nineteen blood chemistry analytes and packed cell ...
Schneditz Daniel D 1Institute of Physiology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria 2 Clinical Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2014
A technique to measure absolute blood volume and hepato-splanchnic blood flow (Qh) during hemodialysis (HD) is explored.The dispersion and elimination of indocyanine-green (ICG) was measured using a non-invasive optical device attached to the extracorporeal system and compared to transcutaneous measurements. Distribution volume (V) and elimination rate constant (k) were determined ...
Lin Chun-Jen CJ Department of Neurology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Orthostatic intolerance (OI) is common but heterogeneous. There is a subgroup of OI patients who have excessive decrease in cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) of bilateral middle cerebral arteries (MCAs) during head-up tilt without systemic blood pressure change. This study evaluated the role of blood volume reduction in such patients. ...
Hodge Ashley B - - 2014
Whole blood from the heart-lung (bypass) machine may be processed through a cell salvaging device (i.e., cell saver [CS]) and subsequently administered to the patient during cardiac surgery. It was determined at our institution that CS volume was being discarded. A multidisciplinary team consisting of anesthesiologists, perfusionists, intensive care physicians, ...
Dusik Chris J CJ The Department of Surgery, Section of Orthopaedics, University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2014
Arthroplasty entails considerable exposure to allogenic blood transfusion. Cell salvage with washing is a contemporary strategy that is not universally used despite considerable potential benefits. We searched Embase and Medline to determine if blood salvage with washing during primary and/or revision hip and knee arthroplasty results in lower rates of ...
Sharma Ashish A Departments of Radiation Oncology, Surgery and Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
The collection of blood samples from laboratory rats requires the use of bleeding techniques that provide quality samples of sufficient volume for analysis without injury to the animal. Retro-orbital bleeding (ROB) is a phlebotomy technique that can yield high-quality samples of adequate volume, but it has been criticized for its ...
Caroff Jildaz J Beaujon Medical Center, NEURI-Interventional Neuroradiology, Paris Diderot University, 100, Boulevard Général Leclerc, 92110, Clichy, France, - - 2014
Cerebral blood volume (CBV) measurement by flat panel detector CT (FPCT) in the angiography suite seems to be a promising tool for patient management during endovascular therapies. A steady state of contrast agent distribution is mandatory during acquisition for accurate FPCT CBV assessment. To the best of our knowledge, this ...
Shaban Mona Mohamed MM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University , Cairo , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the study was to assess correlation of ultrasonographic markers of ovarian reserve and IVF/ICSI outcome. Two-hundred twelve IVF/ICSI patients were included. Upon pituitary suppression confirmation, antral follicle count (AFC), ovarian volume (OV), and ovarian stromal indices [vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI), and vascularization flow index ...
Reed Nicki N 1Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Edinburgh, - - 2014
This retrospective study aimed to identify the most accurate formula for estimating the increase in packed cell volume (PCV) after whole blood transfusion of cats, as several formulae have been reported but not validated. Forty cats, of varying breeds and gender, were included from two referral institutions after database searches ...
Gao Hongzhi - - 2014
Subtracted blood volume spectrometry (SBVS) can eliminate the background information in near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) noninvasive biochemical sensing. However, the spectrum obtained by this method is accompanied by serious noises which are to the disadvantage of the calibration models. Empirical mode decomposition (EMD) was applied to restrict the noises in ...
Bouwens Arno - - 2014
Quantitative three-dimensional blood flow imaging is a valuable technique to investigate the physiology of the brain. Two-photon microscopy (2PM) allows quantification of the local blood flow velocity with micrometric resolution by performing repeated line scans, but prohibitively long measurement times would be required to apply this technique to full three-dimensional ...
Philip Joseph J Department of Transfusion Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, - - 2014
Vasovagal reactions (VVRs) in blood donors. To find an association of age, sex, donation status, weight, total blood volume and volume of blood collected with occurrence of immediate VVR. Retrospective single-centre study. The study was conducted from March 2000 to November 2010 at a tertiary care blood transfusion centre. All ...
Li Dachao D State Key Laboratory of Precision Measuring Technology and Instruments, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China. - - 2014
It is difficult to accurately measure the volume of transdermally extracted interstitial fluid (ISF), which is important for improving blood glucose prediction accuracy. Skin resistance, which is a good indicator of skin permeability, can be used to determine the volume of extracted ISF. However, it is a challenge to realize ...
Farag Ehab E Department of General Anesthesiology, Anesthesiology Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH ; Department of Outcomes Research, Anesthesiology Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Postoperative vision loss (POVL) after spine surgery is a rare but devastating outcome. We present the first case-control study from a single institution for POVL with the diagnoses of ischemic optic neuropathy or central vision loss after complex spine surgery. POVL cases following spine surgeries between December 1995 and December ...
Chu W F WF Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; and School of Medicine and Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Parenchymal blood volume measurement by C-arm CT facilitates in-room peritherapeutic perfusion evaluation. However, the radiation dose remains a major concern. This study aimed to compare the radiation dose of parenchymal blood volume measurement using C-arm CT with that of conventional CTP using multidetector CT.MATERIALS AND METHODS:A biplane DSA ...
Kimura Yuichi - - 2013
This study aimed to develop a new system, named CD-Well, for mouse PET dynamic study. CD-Well allows the determination of time-activity curves (TACs) for arterial whole blood and plasma using 2-3 µL of blood per sample; the minute sample size is ideal for studies in small animals. The system has the ...
Borovka Margarita - - 2013
Hyporesponders to erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) have been associated with an increased subsequent risk of death or cardiovascular events. We hypothesized that subjects who are hyporesponsive to erythropoietin alfa would have higher plasma volumes and lower red cell deficits than subjects who are responsive to therapy. As part of a prospective, single ...
Chambers Brian - - 2013
Objectives & Methods: We evaluated internal jugular vein and vertebral vein volume flow using ultrasound, in patients with clinically isolated syndrome or mild multiple sclerosis and controls, to determine whether volume flow was different between the two groups.Results: In patients and controls, internal jugular vein volume flow increased from superior ...
Magnay Julia L - - 2013
To determine whether the menstrual pictogram (the superabsorbent polymer-c or SAP-c version) can reliably estimate blood and total menstrual fluid volumes on prestained Always Ultra slim feminine towels (Proctor & Gamble) that contain superabsorbent polymers. Randomized blinded study using simulated menstrual fluid (SMF: 50% blood, 50% saline mixture). Gynecology research ...
Rinkinen Jacob - - 2013
Estimates of blood loss during craniosynostosis surgeries have ranged from 42 to 126 percent of infant's total blood volume. Currently, no risk model has been developed to determine the likelihood of needing a blood transfusion. The authors propose an objective model, based on patients' three-dimensional anatomical characteristics, to stratify the ...
Nael Kambiz K From the Departments of Medical Imaging (K.N., A.M., E.A.K.) and Neurology (B.M.C.), University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ; and the UCLA Stroke Investigators, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (D.S.L., - - 2013
This study compares the concordance between arterial spin labeling (ASL) and dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) for the identification of regional hypoperfusion and diffusion-perfusion mismatch tissue classification using a quantitative method. The inclusion criteria for this retrospective study were as follows: patients with acute ischemic syndrome with symptom onset <24 hours ...
Fontecave-Jallon J - - 2013
The simultaneous study of the cardiac and respiratory activities and their interactions is of great physiological and clinical interest. For this purpose, we want to investigate if respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP) can be used for cardiac functional exploration. We propose a system, based on RIP technology and time-scale approaches of ...
Sood Tanvi - - 2013
A requisition for two units of packed red blood cells was received for a 54year female, known case of genitourinary carcinoma. After transfusion of approximately 15-20ml of blood, a call was received from resident in charge of radiotherapy ward stating that patient had clenching of hands along with circumoral tingling ...
Rinehart Joseph - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Surgical patients present with a wide variety of body sizes and blood volumes, have large differences in baseline volume status, and may exhibit significant differences in cardiac function. Any closed-loop fluid administration system must be robust against these differences. In the current study, we tested the stability and robustness of ...
D'Arceuil Helen - - 2013
The brain demonstrates spontaneous low-frequency (<0.1Hz) cerebral blood flow (CBF) fluctuations, measurable by resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI). Ultra small superparamagnetic iron oxide particles have been shown to enhance task-based fMRI signals (cerebral blood volume fMRI or CBV-fMRI), compared to the BOLD effect, by a factor of ≈2.5 at 3T ...
Herance José Raúl - - 2013
Inhaled radioactive CO is currently the tracer of choice for blood volume quantification by positron emission tomography (PET). This measurement is of great interest for several clinical and research applications. However, owing to the short half-life of the radiolabeled CO, it can only be used in centers equipped with a ...
Park Kyungnam - - 2013
This study assessed the method of fluid infusion control using an IntraVenous Infusion Controller (IVIC). Four methods of infusion control (dial flow controller, IV set without correction, IV set with correction and IVIC correction) were used to measure the volume of each technique at two infusion rates. The infused fluid ...
Prinsen Hubertus C M T - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of phenylalanine metabolism due to a defect in phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH). Treatment principle is to reduce phenylalanine concentration sufficiently to prevent neuropathological effects. Dietary management is performed and the effect of treatment is monitored by regular analysis of phenylalanine and tyrosine. The aim ...
Zelli R - - 2013
The present study examines the relationship between reproductive and seminal characteristic with blood flow supply of the testis in male dogs by means of Doppler ultrasonography. Five male dogs were subject to a clinical examination, blood sampling, B-Mode and Doppler ultrasonography of the testis, semen evaluation at collections and after ...
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