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Tarhouni Kahena K From the LUNAM University and University of Angers, Angers, France (K.T., B.T., V.P., L.G., D.H.); CNRS UMR 6214, Angers, France (A.L.G., L.L., D.H.); INSERM U1083, Angers, France (D.H.); CHU d'Angers, Angers, France (E.V., V.P., D.H.); and INSERM U1048, Toulouse III Paul Sabatier University, CHU de Toulouse, Toulouse, France (F.L., - - 2014
Flow (shear stress)-mediated outward remodeling (FMR) of resistance arteries is a key adaptive process allowing collateral growth after arterial occlusion but declining with age. 17-β-estradiol (E2) has a key role in this process through activation of estrogen receptor α (ERα). Thus, we investigated the impact of age and timing for ...
Shi Xuqin X Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, and National and Local Collaborative Engeering Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization and Formulae Innovative Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, - - 2014
Blood deficiency is commonly encountered among women, and is the root of many gynaecological disorders. Danggui Buxue Decoction (DBD), a classical traditional Chinese formula which is composed of Astragali Radix (AR) and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR) at the ratio of 5:1 (w/w), is widely used in TCM clinics for treatment ...
Kasamoto Sawako S Public Interest Incorporated Foundation, BioSafety Research Center (BSRC), 582-2, Shioshinden, Iwata, Shizuoka 437-1213 Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
In anticipation of proposed OECD guideline changes that may include increasing the number of reticulocytes scored for micronuclei, an inter-laboratory reproducibility study of the rat peripheral blood micronucleus assay was performed using flow cytometry. In this experiment, male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were treated with the model clastogen cyclophosphamide (CP: 5, ...
Isaksson K K Department of Surgery, Skåne University Hospital in Lund, Getingevägen 4, 221 85, Lund, - - 2014
The combination of two differently charged polypeptides, poly-L-lysine (PL) and poly-L-glutamate (PG), has shown excellent postsurgical antiadhesive properties. However, the high molecular, positively charged PL is toxic in high doses, proposed as lysis of red blood cells. This study aims to elucidate the in vivo toxicity and biodistribution of PL ...
Qin Xiao-Ling XL Laboratory of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Food and Drug Vocational College, Guangzhou, - - 2014
We recently reported that Wuzhi tablet (WZ), a preparation of the ethanol extract of Wuweizi (Schisandra sphenanthera), had significant effects on blood concentrations of Tacrolimus (FK506) in renal transplant recipients and rats. The active lignans in WZ are schisandrin A, schisandrin B, schisandrin C, schisandrol A, schisandrol B, schisantherin A, ...
Schrödl Falk F Department of Ophthalmology, Paracelsus Medical University, SALK, Muellner Hauptstrasse 48, 5020, Salzburg, Austria, - - 2013
Pericytes are contractile cells that surround blood vessels. When contracting, they change the diameter of the vessel and therefore influence blood flow homeostasis; however, mechanisms controlling pericyte action are less well understood. Since blood flow regulation per se is controlled by the autonomic nervous system, the latter might also be ...
Song Kimberly J - - 2013
Following trauma, transfusion of aged stored blood is often necessary yet associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Despite blood replacement, many patients have a prolonged anemia requiring further transfusions. The effects of aged blood on bone marrow (BM) hematopoiesis have not been studied, and we hypothesized that stored blood suppresses ...
Gao Xiang - - 2013
Impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes in rodents are associated with increased islet blood flow. If this is important for modulation of the endocrine function is at present unknown. We evaluated if glucosamine infusion, which induces peripheral insulin resistance and glucose intolerance, could be used to acutely increase islet ...
Ward Tonya L - - 2013
Background:Milk contains immunological constituents that comprise an edible immune system conveyed from mother to newborn. Soluble Cluster of Differentiation 14 (sCD14) is a protein found in significant quantities in human milk (~8-29 μg/ml). At a tenfold lower concentration in the blood (~3 μg/ml), the most notable role of sCD14 is to sequester ...
Kang Yang Jun - - 2013
In this study, we propose a novel microfluidic biosensor for monitoring hemorheological and hemodynamic properties using an extracorporeal bypass loop. To monitor temporal variations of biophysical properties including viscosity, flow rate, and pressure of rat blood, a complex fluidic network is established by connecting the abdominal artery and jugular vein ...
Garcia-Pinto Angélica B - - 2013
Natural products might alter the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m ((99m)Tc) and these results may be correlated with modifications of the shape of the red blood cells (RBC). The biodistribution of radiopharmaceuticals can be also altered. This investigation aimed to determine biological effects of an aqueous extract of chamomile ...
Chuang Chih Hsiang - - 2013
Electroacupuncture (EA) has been widely used for treatment of stroke, but there is little information on the effect of EA on the neuroprotective function in traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of EA treatment in a TBI rat ...
Stabley John N - - 2013
Chronic skeletal unloading diminishes hindlimb bone blood flow. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine 1) whether 7 and 14 days of skeletal unloading alters femoral bone and marrow blood flow and vascular resistance during reloading, and 2) whether putative changes in bone perfusion are associated with a ...
Shi Xuqin - - 2013
Astragali Radix (AR) and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR) were frequently combined and used in China as herbal pair called as Danggui Buxue Decoction (DBD) for treatment of blood deficiency syndrome, such as women's ailments. This study is to investigate the tissue distribution profiles of five major bio-active constituents (ferulic acid, ...
Ponticorvo Adrien - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) offers a cost-effective means to image blood flow in vivo. However, it is not commonly used to image rodent retinas because of the challenges associated with imaging through the curved cornea and delivering light through the highly scattering lens. A solution to overcome these ...
Castro Whocely Victor de - - 2013
Hypovolemia is a common event in critical care patients that may affect drug distribution and elimination. In order to better understand this issue the effect of hypovolemia on the plasma protein binding and tissue distribution of ertapenem was investigated in rats using microdialysis. Microdialysis probes were inserted into the jugular ...
Chen Yan-Yan - - 2013
Daphnane-type diterpenoids (DDs) are the main types of plant diterpene orthoesters known and have remarkable biological activities. However, the in vivo toxicity and pharmacokinetic profile of DDs remains unkonwn. The aim of this study was to investigate the toxicity and pharmacokinetic profile of DDs from Genkwa Flos (Thymelaeaceae). The toxicity ...
Gao Xiang - - 2013
Previous studies have demonstrated that magnetic resonance imaging may be a method of choice to visualize transplanted pancreatic islets. However, contrast agents may interfere with microcirculation and affect graft function. To evaluate the effects manganese-containing contrast media on regional blood flow and glucose tolerance. Anesthetized rats were injected intravenously with ...
Tian Shan - - 2013
This study examined whether very early initiated physical rehabilitation (VEIPR), as a recommended therapy for postischemia, could improve motor performance and cerebral blood flow (CBF). Adult male rats with ischemic injury caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) were trained to run on a treadmill for 30min per day at ...
Mittapalli Rajendar K - - 2013
Quantitative fluorescent microscopy is an emerging technology that has provided significant insight into cellular dye accumulation, organelle function, and tissue physiology. However, historically dyes have only been used to qualitatively or semi-quantitatively (fold change) determine changes in blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity. Herein, we present a novel method to calculate the ...
Alam M Intakhab - - 2013
Abstract The present study was aimed to evaluate the nanostrucured lipid carriers (NLC) containing duloxetine (DLX-NLC) for intranasal infusion through the nasal cavity of rat. The in vivo nasal infusion studies were performed using Wistar rats and the amount of DLX permeated and its amount in brain and blood was ...
Mielke Dorothee - - 2013
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) induces polarity-specific changes of cerebral blood flow (CBF). To determine whether these changes are focally limited or if they incorporate large cortical regions and thus have the potential for a therapeutic application, we investigated the effects of cathodal tDCS on CBF in an established tDCS ...
Liu Rong-Yi - - 2013
Recent evidence suggests that admission hyperglycemia has deleterious effects on the survival and functional outcome of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). In this study, we first induced acute hyperglycemia in male adult Sprague-Dawley rats by intraperitoneal injection of 50% glucose (6 mL/kg), and created the ICH model thereafter by delivering ...
Nam Kweon-Ho - - 2013
Previous studies have found that ultrasound backscatter from blood in vascular flow systems varies under pulsatile flow, with the maximum values occurring during the systolic period. This phenomenon is of particular interest in hemorheology because it is contrary to the well-known fact that red blood cell (RBC) aggregation, which determines ...
Kimoto Takafumi - - 2013
The peripheral blood Pig-a assay has shown promise as a tool for evaluating in vivo mutagenicity. In this study five laboratories participated in a collaborative trial that evaluated the transferability and reproducibility of a rat Pig-a assay that uses a HIS49 antibody reacts with an antigen found on erythrocytes and ...
Liu Xiaoming - - 2013
Gegen is one of the most commonly used traditional Chinese medicines for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. Puerarin and daidzin are the main active constituents of Gegen. Puerarin is mainly metabolized in rats by glucuronidation and the major metabolite from rat urine has been identified as puerarin-7-O-glucuronide through ...
Li Guang - - 2013
Blood flow (BF) in many tissues is stable during significant fluctuations in systemic arterial blood pressure or perfusion pressure under normal conditions. The regulatory mechanisms responsible for this non-passive BF behavior include both local and neural control mechanisms. This study evaluated cerebral BF (CBF), retinal BF (RBF) and choroidal BF ...
Yamanaka Toshiaki - - 2013
Using an animal model of vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI), in which brainstem circulatory disturbance was induced in rats, we examined how prostaglandin E1 (PG-E1) affects brainstem blood flow (BBF) to clarify whether it is effective against VBI. Fifteen healthy male Wister rats that displayed positive responses to Preyer's reflex were used. ...
Leskova Wendy - - 2013
Reports of altered retinal blood flow in experimental models of type I diabetes have provided contrasting results, which leads to some confusion as to whether flow is increased or decreased. The purpose of our study was to evaluate early diabetes-induced changes in retinal blood flow in diabetic rats, using two ...
Su Wendy - - 2013
The blood brain barrier protects the brain from circulating compounds and drugs. The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is involved with the barrier, both preventing the influx of agent from the blood into the brain and facilitating the efflux of compounds from the brain into the blood, raising the ...
Rahimi Nedjat M - - 2013
Recombinant human Erythropoietin (EPO) has been successfully tested as neuroprotectant in brain injury models. The first large clinical trial with stroke patients, however, revealed negative results. Reasons are manifold and may include side-effects such as thrombotic complications or interaction with other medication, EPO concentration, penetration of the blood-brain-barrier and/or route ...
Liao Mei-Hui - - 2013
Sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) is accompanied by circulatory failure, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, metabolic acidosis, and electrolyte imbalance in rats. However, it remains uncertain which parameters can be used to predict the mortality of septic rats. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine which ...
Szentkereszty Zsolt - - 2013
Previously we have investigated the cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis and provided data on its micro-rheological impact in the rat. We hypothesized that non-steroid anti-inflammatory agent flunixin, the xanthine-derivate pentoxifylline and the low molecular weight heparin enoxaparin may have various beneficial effects improving microcirculatory and rheological parameters. In female rats, under general ...
Hayashi Minoru - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We examined the changes in blood flow in the femoral artery caused by botulinum toxin A in rats. Blood flow was measured using laser Doppler flowmetry. We used male Sprague-Dawley-derived rats weighing between 350 and 400 g. The study was performed on 6 groups; each of them consisted of ...
Cortés-Sol Albertina - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The role of the endothelial cell (EC) in blood flow regulation within the central nervous system has been little studied. Here, we explored EC participation in morphological changes of the anterior hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) microvasculature of female rats at two reproductive stages with different metabolic demand (virginity ...
Boyko Matthew - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The exact mechanism of hypothermia-induced neuroprotection has not been determined yet; however, we hypothesized that it may be mediated by a blood glutamate-scavenging effect. Here, we examine the effect of hypothermic conditions (mild, moderate, and deep) on blood glutamate levels in naive rats. To identify the mechanism of hypothermia-induced ...
Watabe Tadashi - - 2013
PET with (15)O gas has been used for the quantitative measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), and cerebral blood volume (CBV) in humans. However, several technical difficulties limit its use in experiments on small animals. Herein, we describe the application ...
Takano Akira A Research and Development Division, Toyo Shinyaku Co. Ltd., 7-28 Yayoigaoka, Tosu-shi, Saga 841-0005, - - 2013
Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is a well-known cereal plant. Young barley leaf is consumed as a popular green-colored drink, which is named "Aojiru" in Japan. We examined the effects of barley leaf powder (BLP) and insoluble fibers derived from BLP on postprandial blood glucose in rats and healthy Japanese volunteers. ...
Wu Ming-Tsang MT Institute of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, 155 Li-Nong Street Section 2, Taipei 112, - - 2013
Acupuncture and electroacupuncture have been used to improve the brain and motor functions of poststroke patients, and aspirin is used for the prevention of stroke recurrence. Our hypothesis is that acupuncture and electroacupuncture treatments may interact with aspirin in terms of pharmacokinetics via affecting the brain blood flow. The aim ...
Kono Toru - - 2013
The functional roles of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in the gastrointestinal tract have garnered considerable attention in recent years. We previously reported that daikenchuto (TU-100), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, increased intestinal blood flow (IBF) via adrenomedullin (ADM) release from intestinal epithelial (IE) cells (Kono T et al. J ...
Pawlak Matthias - - 2012
Whole-body vibration training (WBV) has been reported to improve both, bone strength and neuromuscular performance. Although changes in hormonal and immunological parameters following vibration exercises were reported, there are still few studies concerning the immune response with respect to different duration of WBV. In our study, we aimed to establish ...
Tega Yuma - - 2012
Nicotine is the most potent neural pharmacological alkaloid in tobacco, and the modulation of nicotine concentration in the brain is important for smoking cessation therapy. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the net flux of nicotine transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the major contributor to nicotine ...
Schrödl Falk - - 2012
Alarin is a recently discovered regulatory peptide with vasoconstrictive properties in murine skin. Control of vasoconstriction/ -relaxation is essential for ocular blood flow and hence the eye's homeostasis, and regulatory peptides are involved in regulation of ocular blood flow. Here we describe the existence and distribution of alarin in the ...
Kleinnijenhuis Anne J - - 2012
Formaldehyde (FA) is suspected of being associated with the development of leukemia. An inhalation experiment with FA was performed in rats to study whether FA can enter the blood and could thus cause systemic toxicity in remote tissues such as the bone marrow. Therefore, a sophisticated analytical method was developed ...
Bernardes Milton Junio Cândido - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aspidosperma subincanum is a medicinal herb that is known to be useful for the treatment of cardiovascular-related illnesses. However, its effects and pharmacological mechanisms of action have not been studied. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of an ethanol extract of Aspidosperma subincanum ...
Sanikidze Tamar V - - 2012
Abstract We investigated the effect of the amniotic-derived peptide Plaferon-LB on cerebral tissue damage during photochemical insults in rats. Plaferon-LB (US patent number: 20070123467 A1) was extracted from the amniochorionic membrane of a human placenta and showed a relatively strong anti-hypoxic effect compared to other interferon. Thrombotic infarction was induced ...
Hurt Ryan T - - 2012
Benefits of enteral feeding with immune-enhancing diets (IEDs) depend on route, timing, and composition. We hypothesized that chronic enteral feeding with certain individual immunonutrients would enhance gastrointestinal blood flow. Male rats were fed a standard enteral diet supplemented with immunonutrients for 5 days before study. Groups were (1) standard rat ...
Chew Wee-Siong - - 2012
Context: Increased use of engineered nanoparticles may result in exposure of workers and consumers, making them a health concern. Objective: To identify potential blood miRNA biomarkers after intravenous gold nanoparticle (AuNP) exposure. Materials and methods: miRNA microarray analysis was carried out on blood of rats at 1 week and 2 ...
Shao Liang - - 2012
Atorvastatin is not only an antilipemic but also used as an anti-inflammatory medicine in heart disease. Our working hypothesis was that atorvastatin preconditioning could improve the forward blood flow in the no-reflow rats associated with inflammation. We investigated that two doses of atorvastatin preconditioning (20 and 5 mg/kg/day) could alleviate deterioration ...
Goff Elizabeth A - - 2012
The influence of flow limitation on the magnitude of the cardiorespiratory response to arousal from sleep is of interest in older people, because they experience considerable flow limitation and frequent arousals from sleep. We studied older flow-limiting subjects, testing the hypothesis that the cardiorespiratory activation response would be larger when ...
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