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Ugwu I A IA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Hospital , Ibadan , - - 2014
The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of sublingual misoprostol in addition to intravenous oxytocin, with oxytocin alone, in reducing blood loss during and following caesarean section. A total of 120 women undergoing caesarean delivery at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, were randomised into two equal groups. ...
Jeon Yeo Reum YR Institute for Human Tissue Restoration, Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Composite grafts are suitable for facial reconstruction because of good color matching, low donor site morbidity, acceptable texture, and easy surgical techniques. However, their use is limited to small-sized defects and by unpredictable survival rates. As platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains large numbers of growth factors and has been widely used ...
Namachivayam Poongundran P 1] Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia [2] Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, - - 2014
Background:The effects of levosimendan(Levo) on injury patterns in the immature brain following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are unknown.Methods:Eighteen 3-4 week-old anesthetised lambs, instrumented with vascular catheters, aortic and right carotid artery flow probes, were allocated to non-CPB, CPB or CPB+Levo groups(each n=6). After 120 mins CPB with 90 mins aortic cross-clamp, ...
Spegar J J Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Hereditary spherocytosis is a genetically determined abnormality of red blood cells. It is the most common cause of inherited haemolysis in Europe and North America within the Caucasian population. We document a patient who underwent an aortocoronary bypass procedure on cardiopulmonary bypass. In view of the uncertain tolerance of the ...
Bailey Christopher J CJ Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI - - 2014
Objective-To determine the effects of protamine sulfate on clot formation time and clot strength thromboelastography variables for canine whole blood samples. Animals-Blood samples obtained from 11 healthy dogs. Procedures-Blood samples were collected from jugular veins of dogs into syringes with 3.2% sodium citrate (blood to citrate ratio, 9:1). Blood samples ...
Pimentel Marcele Jardim MJ Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa, PB, CEP: 58051-900, Brasil. - - 2014
There is controversy concerning the effect of pilocarpine in the reversal of radio-induced xerostomia; however, the tests are usually performed at the end of radiotherapy. The present study evaluated the radioprotective effects of pilocarpine when ingested during radiation treatment. Eleven patients (recently diagnosed with head and neck cancer who were ...
Liang Jinqian J Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, No. 1 Shuai Fu Yuan, Wang Fu Jing Street, Beijing, 100730, - - 2014
To determine the safety and efficacy of intraoperative cell salvage system in decreasing the need for allogeneic transfusions in a cohort of scoliosis patients undergoing primary posterior spinal fusion with segmental spinal instrumentation. A total of 110 consecutive scoliosis patients undergoing posterior instrumented spinal fusion were randomized into two groups ...
Keir Amy K AK Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, - - 2014
Transfusion guidelines advise against coinfusing red blood cells (RBCs) with solutions other than 0.9% saline. We evaluated the impact of coinfusion with dextrose-containing fluids (DW) on markers of RBC quality. A pool-and-split design was used to allow conditions to be tested on each pool within 2 hours of irradiation. Three ...
Zhu Feng-Ping FP Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia; Department of Neurosurgery, Hua Shan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to estimate the remodelling characteristics of STA-MCA bypass and its influence on patency via the use of computational fluid dynamic (CFD) technology. The reconstructed three-dimensional geometries from MRA were segmented to create computational domains for CFD simulations. Eleven patients, who underwent regular MRA both ...
Joshi Shailendra S Department of Anesthesiology, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York, NY, 10032, USA, - - 2014
Transient cerebral hypoperfusion (TCH) has empirically been used to assist intraarterial (IA) drug delivery to brain tumors. Transient (<3 min) reduction of cerebral blood flow (CBF) occurs during many neuro- and cardiovascular interventions and has recently been used to better target IA drugs to brain tumors. In the present experiments, we ...
Jiang Yin Y Neuroscience Research Institute, Peking University;Department of Neurobiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University;Key Laboratory of Neuroscience, The Ministry of Education and Ministry of Public Health, Beijing, - - 2014
Brain activities in response to acupuncture have been investigated in multiple studies; however, the neuromechanisms of low- and high-frequency transcutaneous electric acupoint stimulation (TEAS) analgesia are unclear. This work aimed to investigate how brain activity and the analgesic effect changed across thirty-minute low- versus high-frequency TEAS. Forty-six subjects received 30 ...
Ndoula S T ST Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Guidiguis District Hospital, Guidiguis, Cameroon; Medical and Social Welfare Center of the University of Maroua, Maroua, - - 2014
Data on blood group phenotypes are important for blood transfusion programs, for disease association and population genetics studies. This study aimed at reporting the phenotypic and allelic distribution of ABO and Rhesus (Rh) groups in various ethnolinguistic groups in the Cameroonians. We obtained ABO and Rhesus blood groups and self-identified ...
Horie Nobutaka N Department of Neurosurgery, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, 1-7-1 Sakamoto, Nagasaki, 852-8501, Japan, - - 2014
Postoperative cerebral hyperperfusion (HP) is a notable complication that occurs more frequently in moyamoya disease (MMD) than in atherosclerosis. This study aimed to clarify the characteristics of intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography in MMD and atherosclerotic disease in terms of postoperative HP. This prospective study included 47 patients with 60 ...
Liu Kun K Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Xi Si Road 20# Nantong City, Jiangsu Province 226001, PR - - 2014
The aim of our study was to determine whether red blood cells (RBCs) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfusion is independently associated with the development of acute lung injury (ALI) in patients after cardiac surgery. In retrospective study, 165 patients were included. The results showed total fresh RBCs transfusion were ...
Yu Yang Y Department of Blood Transfusion, The Center for Clinical Transfusion Medicine, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of hydroformylation treatment on the storage time and blood group antigen expressions of reagent red blood cells (RBCs). RBCs from healthy donors were treated by using various final concentrations of paraformaldehyde (0.01%, 0.02%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.5% and 1.0%) and glutaraldehyde (0.01%, 0.025%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, ...
Takao Daishi D Division of Pediatrics, Maternal and Perinatal Care Center, Aizenbashi - - 2014
Applicability of cord blood interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) as markers for early prediction of the onset of chronic lung disease (CLD) due to intrauterine infection was investigated in the study. Eighty very- low- birth- weight (VLBW) infants with chorioamnionitis (CAM) were divided into two groups; the CLD group (42 ...
Takada Naoki N Science of Biological Resources, United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Gifu University, Gifu 501-1193, Japan; Forensic Science Laboratory, Gifu Prefectural Police Headquarters, Gifu 500-8501, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We developed an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of ABO blood group antigens in human samples; in particular for blood stains. ABO blood group antigens conjugated to polyacrylamide were used for immobilized antigen. ABO blood group antigens were extracted from blood stains using a novel method ...
Cirillo L L Department of Molecular and Translational Medicine, 1st Division of General SurgeryUniversity of Brescia, Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy - - - 2014
Aim: Clinical significance, population screening and management of subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) are still debated. Although the diagnosis of subclinical hyperthyroidism is, by definition, purely a biochemical one a conventional gray-scale sonography and, more recently, color-flow Doppler sonography (CFDS) have proven to be useful in obtaining information about thyroid morphology and ...
Crystal George J GJ From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center; †Departments of Anesthesiology and of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Illinois College of Medicine; and ‡Department of Anesthesiology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois. Edward A. Czinn, MD, is currently affiliated with Broward Health Medical Center, Fort Lauderdale, Florida and Florida International University, Miami, - - 2014
Hemodilution is accompanied by an increase in cerebral blood flow, but whether this is due to vasodilation in response to reduced arterial oxygen content, reduced blood viscosity, or a combination of these mechanisms is a matter of debate. We performed the current study to gain insight into this question by ...
Doubrovski Valeri A - - 2014
ABSTRACT. A new approach of the criterion assignment for registration of erythrocyte agglutinates to instrumentally determine blood group type is suggested. The criterion is based on comparison of R and G components of RGB decomposition of microscopy digital image taken for the blood-serum mixture sample. For the chosen experimental conditions, ...
Pillai Ravi C - - 2014
Fibrinogen, the major clotting protein in blood plasma, plays key roles in blood coagulation and thrombosis. In this prospective cohort study, we measured patient's fibrinogen levels and common coagulation parameters before and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and examined their relationships with postoperative blood loss. Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB ...
Sun Wenyu - - 2014
Multiple blood products are often required during and after ventricular assist device (VAD) implants. Generally, transfusion therapy is empirically guided by conventional laboratory tests. In this study, we aimed to compare a thromboelastography (TEG)-based algorithm with a laboratory coagulation test-based algorithm with respect to blood product utilization in patients undergoing ...
Mesa-Sanchez I I Veterinary Faculty, Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, University of Cordoba, Córdoba, - - 2014
Dog erythrocyte antigen (DEA) 1.1 is the most clinically important blood group in dogs, as negative recipients for this group may develop a life-threatening acute haemolytic transfusion reaction if they receive several DEA 1.1 positive blood transfusions. Due to their physical features, galgos are frequently used as blood donors in ...
Randelli Filippo F IRCCS, Policlinico San Donato, San Donato Milanese, Milan, - - 2014
An RCT was conducted to ascertain whether, compared to control management, topical application of a novel fibrin sealant (Evicel, J&J) in patients undergoing primary TKA reduces peri-operative blood loss. Sixty-two patients were randomized to receive topical application of Evicel (N=31) or not (N=31). The mean total blood loss was 1.9L(±0.7) ...
Stöllberger Claudia C aKrankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung bImmunology Outpatient Clinic, Wien, - - 2014
Epistaxis resulted in severe anemia in an 89-year-old Caucasian woman under a therapy with dabigatran for 12 months because of atrial fibrillation. Correction of the anemia was difficult because it was impossible to assess her blood group due to polyagglutination. Since hospital records disclosed that in 2011, her blood group ...
Strandenes Geir G 1Department of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway. 2Norwegian Naval Special Operation Commando, Bergen, Norway 3Department of Transfusion Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden 4U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, FT Sam Houston, TX, USA 5Institute of Clinical Science, The University of Bergen, Norway 6Defence Professor of Military Medicine and Surgery, Australian Defense Force Joint Health Command 7French Military Medical Service, France 8Commander French Military Blood Transfusion Center, Clamart, France 9Director, US Army Blood Program, FT Sam Houston, TX, USA 10US Army Transfusion Medicine Consultant to the Surgeon General San Antonio Military Medical Center, JBSA-FT Sam Houston, TX 11Transfusion Medicine Division, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore MD USA 12NHS Blood and Transplant, Birmingham, England, UK 13Division of Pediatric Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO - - 2014
In past and ongoing military conflicts the use of Whole Blood (WB) as a resuscitative product to treat trauma-induced shock and coagulopathy has been widely accepted as an alternative when availability of a balanced component-based transfusion strategy is restricted or lacking. In previous military conflicts, ABO group O blood from ...
Acierno M M MM Section of Medical Genetics (PennGen), School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The Dog erythrocyte antigen (DEA) 1 blood group system was thought to contain types DEA 1.1 and 1.2 (and possibly 1.3 [A3 ]). However, DEA 1.2+ dogs are very rare and newer typing methods reveal varying degrees of DEA 1 positivity. To assess if variation in DEA 1 positivity is ...
Chiron P P Service d'orthopédie traumatologie, institut de l'appareil locomoteur, cinquième étage, hôpital Pierre-Paul-Riquet, 308, avenue de Grande-Bretagne, 31059 Toulouse, - - 2014
A total hip arthroplasty procedure can lead to significant perioperative blood loss due to bleeding from the medial circumflex pedicle. When either the anterior or posterior approach is used, haemostasis of this pedicle, which is typically performed with electrocautery without dissection, can be inadequate. The purpose of this study was ...
Dall Michael M Research Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense; Department of Medicine, Odense University Hospital, - - 2014
In vitro studies have shown that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors inhibit platelet aggregation. It is well documented that SSRIs cause serious gastrointestinal bleeding but studies on other bleeding manifestations have been equivocal. Our objective was to determine a possible association between use of serotonergic antidepressants (SA) and perioperative bleeding during ...
Gedikbasi A A 1Department of Biochemistry, Bakirköy Dr Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective:The aim of this prospective study was to establish the cord blood interleukin 1β (IL-1β) levels and asphyxia enzymes in term newborns and their relationship between delivery modes. We investigated whether cord blood level of IL-1β could be used as a reliable marker for detecting hypoxic stress and to determine ...
Kaufmann Tim A S TA Department of Cardiovascular Engineering, Institute of Applied Medical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, - - 2014
The jet of the outflow cannula is a potential risk for patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), because increased jet velocities lead to altered flow conditions and might furthermore mobilize atherosclerotic plaques from calcified aortas. The cannula jet is therefore among the main reasons for cerebral hypoxia and stroke in CPB ...
Skoog P P Department of Cardio-Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the abdominal metabolic response and circulatory changes after decompression of intra-abdominal hypertension in a porcine model. This was an experimental study with controls. Three-month-old domestic pigs of both sexes were anesthetized and ventilated. Nine animals had a pneumoperitoneum-induced IAH of 30 mmHg for ...
Wei Changwei - - 2014
This study aims to observe the impact of the temperature of blood transfusion and infusion toward the perioperative cerebral oxygen metabolism and the postoperative cognitive recovery. Eighty patients of knee replacement under epidural and general anesthesia were randomly divided into warming blood transfusion and infusion (WBI) group (n = 40) ...
R Padmasri P Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Center , Karnataka, India - - 2014
We present a rare case of A2+ve blood group with Placenta praevia with Obstetric Haemorrhage in mild hypovolemic shock. An emergency request for blood transfusion confounded the blood bank officer as the patient's blood was seemingly incompatible with all ABO blood groups. Further investigation revealed the patient's blood group to ...
Avgerinos Dimitrios V DV Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, New York Presbyterian-Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
Recent data show that up to 50% of heart procedures require blood transfusion, which can have adverse long- and short-term outcomes for the patient. This led to the updated 2011 Society of Thoracic Surgery (STS)/Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists (SCA) guidelines in an attempt to adopt more effective blood conservation techniques. ...
Aytac Huseyin Ozgur HO Department of General Surgery, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Adana Teaching and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To demonstrate the effects of low-dose dexamethasone treatment on mesenteric artery blood flow, oxidative injury, vascular reactivity, and survival in Swiss albino mice with intra-abdominal polymicrobial sepsis accomplished by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Mice were allocated to CLP + saline, CLP + dexamethasone, sham + saline, and sham + dexamethasone subgroups to evaluate blood flow, organ injury, ...
Günday Murat - - 2014
Complications due to hemodilution (hematocrit value less than 22%) after cardiopulmonary bypass inevitably resulted with significantly greater intensive care requirements, long hospital stays, more operative costs, and increased mortality rates. We tried to identify whether crystalloid cardioplegia is the strongest predictor of intraoperative hemodilution or not.Materials and methods: One hundred ...
Yin Huijuan H Laboratorie of Laser Medicine, Biomedical Engineering Institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Tianjin, China; Tianjin Laser Technology Medical Center, Tianjin, - - 2014
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been shown to inactivate blood-borne pathogenic microorganisms in vitro. The method may be used to purify blood in the body, kill pathogenic microorganisms, and treat difficult diseases. Our aim was to investigate the safety of photodynamic blood purification (PBP) therapy using an in vivo blood circulation ...
Baskın Sevcan Baki SB Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Konak, Turkey; Department of Emergency Medicine, Ardahan State Hospital, Ardahan, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The arterial blood gas measurement process is a painful and invasive procedure, often uncomfortable for both the patient and the physician. Because the patient-related factors that determine the difficulty of the process cannot be controlled, the physician-related factors and blood gas measurement techniques are a modifiable area of improvement that ...
Nascimento da Silva Monica M Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Laboratório de Lasers e Óptica Biomédica Aplicada (LOBA), Instituto de Ciências Ambientais Químicas e Farmacêuticas (ICAQF), Departamento de Ciências Exatas e da Terra (DCET), Rua Artur Riedel, 275 Eldorado, 09972-270, Diadema, SP, Brazil. - - 2014
Protoporphyrin IX (PPIX), a derivative of hematoporphyrin, can accumulate in rapidly growing tissues, including tumors and atherosclerotic plaques. The objective of this study is to employ PPIX fluorescence to detect the changes in blood caused by the formation of atheromatous plaques in arteries; this measurement can function as a liquid ...
Acipayam M M Mustafa Kemal University School of Medicine Department of Cardiovascular Surgery Zülüflühan Köyü, 31000, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey - - - 2014
Aim: In this prospective study, we aimed to compare flow characteristics and the short term patency of sequential and y-grafts by intraoperative transit time flow measurement. Methods: Sixty patients were selected from 1374 isolated coronary bypass operations. Group 1 (N.=36) consisted of sequential grafted, Group 2 (N.=24) consisted of y-grafted ...
Axnér Eva E Division of Reproduction, Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, - - 2014
Cats more than 2 months of age have alloantibodies against the blood type antigen that they do not possess. Maternal antibodies, including alloantibodies against blood groups, are transferred to the kittens' systemic circulation when they suckle colostrum during the first 12-16 h after birth. If kittens with blood group A ...
Li Zhi Z Zhi Li, Yu-Ming Sun, Fei-Xiang Wu, Li-Qun Yang, Zhi-Jie Lu, Wei-Feng Yu, Department of Anesthesiology, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200438, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of low central venous pressure (LCVP) on blood loss and blood transfusion in patients undergoing hepatectomy. Electronic databases and bibliography lists were searched for potential articles. A meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating LCVP in hepatectomy was performed. The following three outcomes were analyzed: ...
Redlin M M 1Department of Anaesthesiology, German Heart Institute, Berlin, - - 2014
Cardiac surgery on neonates for the correction of congenital heart defects is usually associated with the transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) into the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit. We hypothesised that such transfusions of stored PRBCs directly into the arterial system may increase postoperative morbidity when compared to intravenous ...
Teman Nr N Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
Cardiopulmonary bypass can result in hemodilution due to the crystalloid prime, increasing the need for blood transfusion. Alternative perfusion techniques have the potential to decrease this hemodilution. The objective of this study was to determine whether a protocol of retrograde autologous prime (RAP) and venous antegrade prime (VAP) reduces the ...
Cankaya Deniz D Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, 06100, Altindag, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Posterior-cruciate-ligament-retaining (PCR) and posterior-cruciate-ligament-stabilized (PS) arthroplasties are two major common practices in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The hypothesis of the present study was that compared with the PCR technique, the PS technique is associated with a higher amount of postoperative blood loss and greater need for blood transfusion in cemented ...
Mori Hidetoshi H Department of Health, Faculty of Health Science, Tsukuba University of Technology, , Tsukuba, - - 2014
To determine whether skin blood flow (SBF) and muscle blood volume (MBV) responses differ according to the duration of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation. Two experiments were conducted. In Experiment 1, healthy male students (n=20) were randomly divided into two groups (an EA group and a no-stimulation group). In Experiment 2, healthy ...
Caciari Tiziana - - 2014
Acrylonitrile is an intermediary with possible adverse health effects in the synthesis of organic products, such as acrylic fibres. This investigation was undertaken to determine the possible changes in the peripheral blood counts in workers of a polyacrylic fibres plant. The study involved 218 workers exposed to acrylonitrile at low ...
Gharaibeh Mohammad Younis MY Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, - - 2014
This study was conducted to evaluate blood lead concentration among five selected occupational groups. The five groups were: hospital health workers, shop workers, taxi drivers, automobiles mechanics, and wood workers. The groups did not significantly differ among each other in the average of age and work years. ANOVA test revealed ...
Yamamoto Yusuke Y Division of Digestive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 465 Kajii-cho, Kamigyo-ku Kyoto 6028566, Japan. - - 2014
It is of great clinical concern to preoperatively predict the need for blood transfusions during hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A total of 168 consecutive patients undergoing elective hepatectomy for HCC were retrospectively reviewed. We investigated preoperative factors potentially influencing intraoperative blood transfusion and established a predictive scoring system for ...
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