Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 892
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Johnson D W - - 2004
Malonylcarnitine and glutarylcarnitine are important diagnostic metabolites in the screening of dried blood spots by tandem mass spectrometry. The stability of these compounds in spiked blood spots stored at room temperature was studied. Both showed biphasic curves. The malonylcarnitine concentration dropped to 61% in 38 days and averaged 51% +/- ...
Yang Hong - - 2004
The technology core of biological removal of iron and manganese by contact oxidation is iron and manganese oxidizing bacteria. This article made a study on down flow and up flow filtration, the results show that down flow filtration of the homogenous filter medium is more adapted to the reproduction of ...
Mwaba Peter - - 2003
As antiretroviral drugs become widely available in developing countries, practical, field-friendly, and cheap methods of measuring CD4+ lymphocyte counts need to be developed. We tested use of whole blood spots dried on filter paper to measure CD4+ lymphocyte counts. We obtained blood from 42 HIV-1-infected patients from Zambia. We dried ...
Spiehler Vina - - 2003
The object of this study was to evaluate the suitability of the Neogen Corporation microtiter plate enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) for cocaine and metabolites for screening of postmortem blood. Sixty-five postmortem whole blood specimens were obtained from drug-involved deaths that had been screened and confirmed positive for cocaine and/or benzoylecgonine (BE). ...
Gallippi Caterina M - - 2003
Blind source separation (BSS) for adaptive filtering is presented in application to imaging both physiological and acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI)-induced tissue and blood motion in the common carotid artery. The collected raw radiofrequency (RF) data includes vessel wall motion, blood flow and ARFI-induced motion. In the context of these ...
Visconti Micaela Rios - - 2004
To assess removal of cytomegalovirus (CMV) by leukocyte depletion (LD) filters, we developed a spiking model of latent virus using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) infected by coculture with CMV-infected human fibroblasts. Infected PBMCs were purified by dual magnetic column selection and then spiked into whole blood units or buffy ...
Y. Usui,K. Nakano,Y. Motonaga
The replacement of human visual inspection for eggs with blood spots using transmitted light currently employed at grading and packing centers with a method using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was studied. The determination is made using wavelength absorbance data since the hemoglobin in blood mixed in eggs with blood spots ...
Fino Debora - - 2003
It is probably redundant to stress how extensive are nowadays the attempts to reduce the diesel particulate emissions from automotive and stationary sources. The present paper looks into a technology relied on a catalytic trap based on a SiC wall-flow monolith lined with suitable catalysts for the sake of promoting ...
Zhang Qiuxia - - 2003
Photoplethysmography (PPG) was used to detect changes in the anterior tibial muscle blood flow (MBF) during foot-transmitted vibration in six healthy subjects. A filter was developed for reducing the vibration-induced artefacts in the PPG signal. The vibration applied was random with constant acceleration power density in the range 5-2000 Hz ...
Dalén T - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether leucocyte-reducing filters influenced complement activation and the formation of pro-inflammatory cytokines in autotransfusion drain blood after knee arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients undergoing knee arthroplasty were divided into two groups. All patients were given salvage blood postoperatively. ...
de Ana F J - - 2003
Previously, we presented a real-time method to measure blood flow perpendicular to the image plane of an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging system using a slow-time FIR (finite impulse response) filter bank. Any in-plane flow introduces error in the flow measurement using the filter bank algorithm. Simulations show that for a ...
Maeno Yoshimasa - - 2003
We examined the utility of dried blood on filter paper for the source of cytokine messenger RNA (mRNA). Total RNA was isolated from the dried blood of mice infected with Plasmodium yoelii, and cDNA was amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). As a reference, we extracted total RNA from ...
Chaorattanakawee S - - 2003
To evaluate the effect of long-term storage of sample filters on the sensitivity of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of malaria, 252 blood spots from patients with microscopically confirmed Plasmodium falciparum malaria were analyzed and stratified by storage duration. The spots were collected between 1996 and 2000 on filter paper ...
Voisard D - - 2003
This review focuses on cultivation of mammalian cells in a suspended perfusion mode. The major technological limitation in the scaling-up of these systems is the need for robust retention devices to enable perfusion of medium as needed. For this, cell retention techniques available to date are presented, namely, cross-flow filters, ...
Zimmermann Michael B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Serum thyroglobulin appears to be a sensitive marker of thyroid dysfunction in endemic goiter. However, its value as an indicator of thyroid status in children after the introduction of iodized salt has not been tested. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to optimize and validate a thyroglobulin assay on dried whole ...
Schneider Susan - - 2003
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of endopeptidases that function to remodel tissue during both normal physiology and pathology. Research performed by the Medical University of South Carolina found an increased release of several MMP species during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), including the subtype MMP-9, but whether and to what degree ...
Cecchi Laura M - - 2003
Newborn heelstick blood collection can be a painful procedure in part because of the time required to obtain sufficient quantity of blood. No previous studies have determined whether local vasodilatation using topical nitroglycerine ointment (NGO) would facilitate heelstick blood collection. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the topical application of NGO would ...
Ho Ming-Chung - - 2003
This work quantitatively demonstrates a nontrivial collective behavior, which depends on the coupling strength in chaotic-coupled-map lattices, using the interdependence measure emerging from a local unit. The amount of information flow which flows from the instantaneous mean field to a local map has been investigated using the time-delayed mutual information. ...
Schütt B S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to adapt measurements of IGF-I, IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 to dried blood filter disk assays. METHODS: Measurements of the three analytes in serum samples and in the corresponding blood spotted onto filter paper were compared by applying standard radioimmunoassays. RESULTS: In paired experiments, the ...
Accinni Roberto - - 2003
Identification of homocystinuric newborns is hindered by the pitfalls of neonatal screening programs. We propose a fluorimetric HPLC method with a rapid pre-analytical step for homocysteine determination from neonatal dried blood spot cards. Homocysteine in blood spots sampled among 2000 healthy newborns on living day 4, averaged 2.92+/-2.07 microM (range ...
Hanna Darrin M - - 2003
This paper describes a system on a chip (SoC) that makes use of nanoscale cellular adhesion mechanisms in an integrated electronic microsystem to filter infected cells from blood or lymph. An example of a human immunodeficiency virus-specific SoC is explored in depth. Such systems work in vivo, and blood and ...
Shen Xiao-Ming - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Capillary filter paper can be useful for screening blood lead concentrations in large populations of geographically dispersed Chinese children. METHODS: A total of 159 at 0-6 years of age were enrolled in the study when they came for routine pediatric care. Paired venous and capillary filter paper samples were ...
Nagasawa Koichi - - 2003
The level of (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan in blood is a diagnostic index of fungal infection because it is released from the fungal cell wall. However, high levels of plasma (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan in patients administered blood components may give false positive results. High levels of (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan have been detected in blood components. We suspected ...
Chen Xigui - - 2003
We investigated sample collection variables that may influence the measurement of the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) including: time after birth, season, different ways for blood spot drying and varied elution time from filter paper. TSH was measured with an enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) method on dried blood spots collected from newborns ...
Lukacs Z - - 2003
The definitive diagnosis of lysosomal storage disorders depends on the determination of enzymatic activities in cells, tissues or body fluids. At present, neither an evaluation of the different methods nor an interlaboratory quality assurance scheme is available. We have therefore determined the activities of total hexosaminidase, hexosaminidase A and beta-galactosidase ...
Mashange W - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To validate a Gelatin Particle Agglutination (GPA) test for HIV using dried blood spots with a view to applying the test in large epidemiological studies. DESIGN: A method comparison study with standard enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using the Recombigen HIV-1/2 kit as the gold standard. SETTING: Blair Research ...
Nindl Bradley C - - 2003
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is sensitive to nutritional stress and is reduced in soldiers during stressful field training. Methods have recently been developed to measure IGF-I from filter paper blood spots. Filter paper has advantages over traditional blood sampling in that neither blood separation equipment nor refrigeration is necessary after ...
McDade Thomas W - - 2002
Iron deficiency is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide, and transferrin receptor (TfR) level has been identified as an important measure of iron status that is not confounded by inflammation. However, logistical constraints associated with sample collection and processing have limited efforts to measure TfR, particularly at the community level. ...
Jantunen M - - 2002
This review compiles personal and indoor microenvironment particulate matter (PM) monitoring needs from recently set research objectives, most importantly the NRC published "Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter (1998)". Techniques and equipment used to monitor PM personal exposures and microenvironment concentrations and the constituents of the sampled PM during the ...
Posyniak Andrzej - - 2002
A simple, low-cost, sensitive and selective LC method was developed for the determination of enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin in chicken blood. The method was applied to whole blood from a chicken using dried blood spots on filter paper disks. The detection limits of enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin (100 microl of whole blood ...
Gallippi Caterina M - - 2002
A method for adaptive clutter rejection via blind source separation (BSS) using principal and independent component analyses is presented in application to blood velocity measurement in the carotid artery. In particular, the filtering method's efficacy for eliminating clutter and preserving lateral blood flow signal components is presented. The performance of ...
Usami Makoto - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The false-positive elevation of plasma (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan level, a serodiagnostic test for deep-seated mycosis, is suspected in patients administered with blood components. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: (1-->3)-beta-D-Glucan and endotoxin levels in blood components consisting of 12 albumins, 8 immunoglobulins, and 3 blood coagulation factors were measured by fungal infection tests ...
Katz Russell S - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of dried blood spots stored on filter paper as a means to provide specimens for virologic surveillance for measles virus (MV) in situations when the reverse cold chain is not available. Two single-step RT-PCR assays were evaluated for sensitivity of ...
Gisolf J - - 2002
Dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA) has been studied previously using spectral analysis of oscillations in arterial blood pressure (ABP) and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV). The dynamics of the CA can be modeled as a high-pass filter. The purpose of this study is to compare CA of blood pressure oscillations induced ...
Shinar Eilat - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Before-storage WBC reduction by filtration appears to be an effective way to prevent transfusion-associated complications. It also has superiority over WBC reduction at the time of transfusion (bedside), due to the many variables associated with such practice and the difficulty in performing adequate quality control. To determine the adaptability ...
Morawska L - - 2002
Despite the electrostatic collection of aerosol particles as one of the most widely used air cleaning methods, there has not been sufficient amount of effort devoted to investigate its performance in the full range of operating conditions. This paper reports results of the tests of a two-stage electrostatic precipitator (ESP) ...
Bjaerum Steinar - - 2002
The quality of ultrasound color flow images is highly dependent on sufficient attenuation of the clutter signals originating from stationary and slowly moving tissue. Without sufficient clutter rejection, the detection of low velocity blood flow will be poor, and the velocity estimates will have a large bias. In some situations, ...
Ichihar Kenichi - - 2002
A convenient method was developed for preparation of FAME in small amounts from glycerolipids of blood or breast milk. Initially, 0.04-0.06 mL blood or breast milk was spotted onto a small piece of filter paper (1.5 x 1.5 cm) that had been washed with acetone containing 0.05% 2,6-di-tert-butyl-p-cresol (BHT). Each ...
Lindmark K - - 2002
Blood cell filterability is an established method in blood rheology. The dynamics at flow onset and its relevance to the data interpretation is, however, not fully known. This paper aims to investigate what controls the length and slope of flow acceleration as the medium accelerates to reach the steady state, ...
Kjeldsen-Kragh J - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The RCM1 leucocyte-reduction filter has been incorporated into two types of blood-donation sets of which one uses back-priming of the leucocyte filter with SAG-M solution. In this study we have compared the leucocyte-reduction efficacy of the RCM1 filter with or without back priming with SAG-M solution. MATERIALS ...
Morineau-Thomas O - - 2002
Ultrafiltration of two microalgae species, Chorellasp. and Porphyridium purpureum, has been performed in two filtration units of different configurations: a module generating a classical tangential-plane flow and another one inducing a swirling decaying flow. The swirling motion is generated by a unique tangential inlet at the bottom of an annulus. ...
Holland W G - - 2002
In this study we investigated if whole blood could substitute for serum in the direct card agglutination test (CATT/Trypansosoma evansi) and the indirect card agglutination test (LATEX/T. evansi) for the sero-diagnosis of T. evansi in buffaloes. Likewise blood spots on filter paper were compared with sera for use in the ...
Müller-Steinhardt Michael - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The introduction of universal WBC filtration of RBCs prior to storage is currently under consideration in many countries, as it is thought to minimize the incidence of transfusion-associated adverse effects. Centrifugation of blood containers with newly developed soft-shell WBC filters is more convenient, and so of great interest. STUDY ...
Bjaerum Steinar - - 2002
For ultrasound color flow images with high quality, it is important to suppress the clutter signals originating from stationary and slowly moving tissue sufficiently. Without sufficient clutter rejection, low velocity blood flow cannot be measured, and estimates of higher velocities will have a large bias. The small number of samples ...
Seghatchian Jerard - - 2002
Characterisation of the nature of leucodepletion failure, based on the analysis of leucocyte sub-populations, is an essential task for continual improvement in the clinical safety of blood components and for the selection of a safe and appropriate leucodepletion process. Such information is also critical for improving the quality of filters ...
Erhardt Juergen G - - 2002
We describe an improved method for the measurement of retinol in dried blood spots (DBS) on filter paper. Retinol in human DBS on filter paper was analyzed by normal phase HPLC after a simple extraction method. Retinol associated with its binding protein was eluted from the paper into aqueous solution ...
Lee Tzong-Hae - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The effort to eliminate transfusion complications associated with WBCs has led to the widespread use of filters able to reduce WBC concentrations to <or=0.1 WBC per microL blood. This has necessitated sensitive QC methods to quantitate residual WBCs in filtered units. One fast, effective method is DNA amplification using ...
Ramírez Gemma - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although transfusion or return of salvaged shed blood has become popular in major orthopedic procedures, this blood-saving method is still controversial because shed blood may be contaminated with chemical and tissular debris, such as fat particles, which may increase the risk of fat embolism after bone surgery. STUDY DESIGN ...
Unger J K - - 2002
In Europe, capillary membrane filters are the favored method for plasmapheresis and detoxification systems including a plasma separation unit. Using capillary membrane filters clearance depends on the filtration rate and the sieving coefficient (Qs) for the plasma substrates. We investigated whether the increase of the effective membrane surface of plasmafilters ...
Koehl M A - - 2001
The first step in processing olfactory information, before neural filtering, is the physical capture of odor molecules from the surrounding fluid. Many animals capture odors from turbulent water currents or wind using antennae that bear chemosensory hairs. We used planar laser-induced fluorescence to reveal how lobster olfactory antennules hydrodynamically alter ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >