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Results 301 - 350 of 892
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Kutschka Ingo - - 2007
Minimized perfusion circuits (MPCs) have been criticized for insufficient air elimination. The deairing capabilities of a new MPC, including an ultrasound controlled deairing unit, were compared to a standard extracorporeal circuit (ECC) in a laboratory setup. During blood flow of 4.0l/min, we injected 30-cc air over a period of 30 ...
Anjali - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) provides an accurate and reliable method to assess the glycemic control in patients with Diabetes. Its measurement is limited by the inconvenience of sample collection that requires venipuncture, sample handling and storage factors. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of ...
Ayele Workenesh - - 2007
We studied the use of dried spots of bodily fluids (plasma, whole blood, and mother's milk) on filter paper as a means of sample collection and storage for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) viral load testing under stringent field conditions. Plasma placed directly in lysis buffer, which is customarily ...
Handali Sukwan - - 2007
Compliance and acceptance for the finger-prick method of blood collection is generally better than for venipuncture. A finger-prick method of blood collection with quantitative antibody recovery is even more important for seroepidemiological surveys. Finger-prick blood collected and dried onto filter paper has been used; but, unfortunately, this method has several ...
Maucher Jennifer M - - 2007
Blood collection cards have been successfully used as a tool to monitor brevetoxin (PbTx) exposure in several species, including fish, mice, and rats. Previous methanolic methods used for extracting brevetoxin from blood collection cards have shown dolphin blood to have matrix difficulties in several biological assays. To better biomonitor protected ...
Fekkes Durk - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To develop a reliable method for the determination of tetrahydrobiopterin and total biopterin in plasma. METHODS: Modifications include blood collection and handling procedures. RESULTS: Collection of blood in the presence of 0.1% (w/v) dithiothreitol and waiting for 2-3 h before centrifugation are optimal for adequate quantitation of both pterins. ...
Rustige H - - 2007
A three-stage constructed wetland for leachate treatment was monitored on a landfill at a pilot scale. The plant had been designed to achieve at least 75% nitrogen removal. NH4-N input concentration was 240 (median) up to 290 mgl(-1) and COD concentration was 455 to 511 mgl(-1), respectively. A 14 m2 ...
Hamblin Mark N - - 2007
Electroosmotic flow was studied in thin film microchannels with silicon dioxide and silicon nitride sidewalls formed using plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). A sacrificial etching process was employed for channel fabrication allowing for cross-sections with heights of 3 mum, ranging from 2 mum to 50 mum in width. Flow rates ...
Fan Yun-Hua - - 2007
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a common hereditary enzyme defect that affects over 400 million people worldwide. Deficiency in G6PD can cause hemolytic anemia, which can be fatal if it is not treated properly. Mass qualitative G6PD-deficiency screening methods have been available for some time; however, in this study we ...
Arifin Dian R - - 2007
An effective mechanism for rapid and efficient microfluidic particle trapping and concentration is proposed without requiring any mechanically moving parts. When a voltage beyond the threshold atmospheric ionization value is applied on a sharp electrode tip mounted at an angle above a microfluidic liquid chamber, the bulk electrohydrodynamic air thrust ...
Felberova L - - 2007
Among the most common non-conventional wastewater treatment techniques used in the Czech Republic are waste stabilisation ponds (WSP), subsurface horizontal flow constructed wetlands (CW) and vertical flow groundfilters (GF). These extensive systems can be advantageously used for treatment of waters coming from sewerages where the ballast weighting commonly makes more ...
Mannion Heidi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of three alternative structural configurations for inpatient phlebotomy. It was hypothesized that decentralized was less effective when compared to centralized inpatient phlebotomy. DESIGN: A non-experimental prospective survey design was conducted at the institution level. Laboratory managers completed an organizational survey and ...
Edwards John M - - 2007
Electro-osmotic flow (EOF) pumps are attractive for fluid manipulation in microfluidic channels. Open channel EOF pumps can produce high pressures and flow rates, and are relatively easy to fabricate on-chip or integrate with other microfluidic or electrical components. An EOF pump design that is conducive to on-chip fabrication consists of ...
Mafham Marion M MM Renal Studies Group, Clinical Trial Service Unit, Old Road Campus, Oxford, UK. - - 2007
Exogenous tracer-based methods of measuring glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are difficult to perform, whilst creatinine-based estimation formulae are inaccurate. We assessed a new technique of measuring iohexol clearance using timed dried capillary blood spots. A reference GFR was measured in 81 subjects (GFR 15-124 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) by iohexol clearance using ...
Wang Danping D LNRS, University of Paris Descartes, 75006 Paris, France. - - 2007
Two micro fibre optic flow checkers are presented in this paper. They are used for a medical analysis to control a solvent flow up to 1microl/min resolution. A fibre optic sensor as well as a hydraulic system are the principle components of these flow checkers. This paper describes the principle ...
Inoue Ryo - - 2007
The combination of Flinders Technology Associates filter papers (FTA cards) and real-time PCR was examined to establish a simple and rapid technique for the detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) from whole pig blood. A modified live PRRS vaccine was diluted with either sterilised saline or pig ...
Hoogtanders K - - 2007
In a preliminary investigation an assay for tacrolimus based on fingerprick sampling and consecutive application as a blood spot on sampling paper has been developed. The dried blood spot was analysed by HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry. The validated range was 1-30 microg/l. Intra- and inter-assay variability for precision and accuracy was ...
Schultz Melissa M MM Departments of Chemistry and Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, - - 2006
Fluorochemicals have widespread applications and are released into municipal wastewater treatment plants via domestic wastewater. A field study was conducted at a full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plant to determine the mass flows of selected fluorochemicals. Flow-proportional, 24 h samples of raw influent, primary effluent, trickling filter effluent, secondary effluent, and ...
Noorvee Alar - - 2007
Different conditions (water level, oxygen supply) prevailing in both beds of the Kodijärve double-bed horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) constructed wetland (CW) (Southern Estonia; constructed in 1996, total area 312.5 m(2), 40 pe) provide the opportunity to compare how different operational methods have altered the efficiency of the purification processes inside ...
Strasser Stefan - - 2007
We present a new tool for the estimation of the age of bloodstains, which could probably be used during forensic casework. For this, we used atomic force microscopy (AFM) for high-resolution imaging of erythrocytes in a blood sample and the detection of elasticity changes on a nanometer scale. For the ...
Cardo, Lisa J.
BACKGROUND: Leishmania is an intracellular parasite of monocytes transmissible by transfusion. The feasibility of reducing Leishmania with leukodepletion filters was studied. At collection, infected blood contains the amastigote form of Leishmania within monocytes. Amastigotes cause the rupture of monocytes releasing free amastigotes that convert to promastigotes which exist extracellularly at ...
Brandl M - - 2006
In the extracorporeal adsorption system, MDS (Microspheres based Detoxification System), micro-adsorbent particles measuring 1-25 micrometers circulate in a filtrate circuit for highly specific blood purification/adsorption. The MDS circuit containing the adsorbent microparticles is linked to the patient's blood line by a hollow fiber plasma filter. When the transmembrane pressure or ...
Miller Aaron A - - 2006
Leptin is important in a wide range of physiological processes, but logistical constraints associated with venipuncture blood collection have limited research on leptin in diverse, community-based settings. The aim of this short report is to present and validate an enzyme immunoassay method for quantifying leptin in samples of capillary whole ...
Blanco-Canqui Humberto - - 2006
Effectiveness of grass barriers and vegetative filter strips (FS) for reducing transport of sediment and nutrients in runoff may depend on runoff flow conditions. We assessed the performance of (1) switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) barriers (0.7 m) planted above fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) filter strips under interrill (B-FS) and concentrated ...
Bottein Dechraoui Marie-Yasmine - - 2007
Ciguatera diagnosis relies on clinical observations associated with a recent consumption of fish. Although needed, direct confirmation of exposure in subjects showing ciguatera disease symptoms is currently unavailable. We previously reported that ciguatoxins were measurable in the blood of mice exposed to extracts of Pacific ciguatoxins isolated from Gambierdiscus polynesiensis, ...
Alonso-Echanove Juan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To characterize red eye reactions occurring within 24 hours after receipt of units of leukocyte-reduced red blood cells, determine their etiology, and investigate their potential link to transfusion. METHODS: We conducted a survey of transfusion facilities nationwide to determine the scope and magnitude of the reactions; performed case-control and ...
Aksu Zümriye - - 2007
A continuous fixed bed study was carried out by using dried Rhizopus arrhizus as a biosorbent for the removal of three reactive dyes; Gemacion (Procion) Red H-E7B (GR), a monoclorotriazine mono-azo type reactive dye; Gemazol Turquise Blue-G (GTB), a vinyl sulfone mono-azo type reactive dye and Gemactive (Reactive) Black HFGR ...
Sagart, Laurent
This paper argues that the Chinese word for 'blood', Middle Chinese hwit, had initial hm- in Old Chinese.
Chaturvedi Sujata - - 2006
Blood collection is an important preanalytical component of haematological testing. This questionnaire based study was conducted on laboratory personnel to elicit their knowledge and practice regarding blood collection procedures for haematological testing. Questionnaire comprised of 37 multiple choice questions, of which 10 questions each were related to essential and desirable ...
Song Fuxian - - 2006
In this paper, a newly developed eigendecomposition-based adaptive filter is applied in flow velocity estimation and its performance is evaluated and compared with the static polynomial regression filter. Results demonstrate that the eigendecomposition-based filter is the fully-adaptive and can not only suppress the clutter signals with minimal loss of low-flow ...
Feng Naizhang - - 2006
The ultrasound Doppler signal scattered from blood is heavily corrupted by the clutter signal reflected from slowly moving muscular tissue. The Doppler frequency shift of blood flow and clutter in different parts of human body greatly changes. Therefore, if a fixed wall filter is selected, the optimal filtering effect can ...
Huang Huan H Medical School, Nanjing University, - - 2006
To demonstrate an inexpensive method for typing gastric cancer related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using whole blood or paper-dried blood as starting materials. PCR amplification is directly carried out from the whole blood or paper-dried blood sample without any DNA extraction step. Before PCR, a blood sample, four primers, and ...
Faqih AbdulMobeen - - 2006
This paper describes a new method to quantitatively measure the flow characteristics of unconfined cohesive powders in a rotating drum. Cohesion plays an important role, affecting flow properties/characteristics, mixing rates, and segregation tendencies. The method relies on measuring the change in center of mass of the powder bed as it ...
Holub Margareta - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Detection of amino acids (AA), acylcarnitines (AC), and guanidinoacetate (GAA) in dried blood spots by tandem mass spectrometry has made it possible to detect different inborn errors of metabolism in neonatal screening programs. Despite its proven sensitivity many issues related to sample preparation remain unsolved. Hematocrit has a profound ...
Suliman F - - 2006
Effects of the inlet and outlet position on flow patterns of saturated fluids in a horizontal subsurface-flow constructed wetland were investigated experimentally using a quasi two-dimensional flow cell representing a vertical cross-section in the longitudinal direction of the wetland. The filter medium consisted of glass beads that were either uniformly ...
Robbe-Austerman S - - 2006
Our objective was to evaluate the effects of time and temperature on whole blood used in the gamma interferon enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IFN-gamma ELISA) for paratuberculosis along with evaluating four potential positive controls, and four different mycobacterial antigens for the ELISA. Nine adult Holstein cattle naturally infected with Mycobacterium avium ...
Cardo Lisa J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Leishmania is an intracellular parasite of monocytes transmissible by transfusion. The feasibility of reducing Leishmania with leukodepletion filters was studied. At collection, infected blood contains the amastigote form of Leishmania within monocytes. Amastigotes cause the rupture of monocytes releasing free amastigotes that convert to promastigotes, which exist extracellularly at ...
Sowemimo-Coker S O - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Three recent probable cases of transmission of a variant of human Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) through blood transfusion suggest that the disease can be transmitted through transfusion of blood components from presymptomatic blood donors. In this study, we investigated the performance of a new filter for reducing the ...
Gatti A M - - 2006
Vena cava filters are the most commonly used mechanical devices to prevent pulmonary embolism. A retrievable permanent filter has been available since 1999. That has allowed the direct study of thrombi captured in humans and the punctual interaction of blood and device at long and short term. Through traditional histologic ...
Zucker B-A - - 2006
Inhalation of bioaerosols from animal houses can induce acute inflammatory reactions in the respiratory tract. Determination of the concentration of airborne endotoxins is widely used to characterize this risk. In this study, the activity of bioaerosol samples from a duck-fattening unit to induce interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) in human blood and to ...
Kroll Charles A - - 2006
Wilson disease is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper transport, caused by the reduced or absent function of the Wilson disease gene ATP7B on chromosome 13. The disease is characterized by reduced incorporation of copper into the ceruloplasmin protein and reduced excretion of copper into the bile. Wilson disease is ...
Kim Dong Sung - - 2006
Blood typing is the most important test for both transfusion recipients and blood donors. In this paper, a low cost disposable blood typing integrated microfluidic biochip has been designed, fabricated and characterized. In the biochip, flow splitting microchannels, chaotic micromixers, reaction microchambers and detection microfilters are fully integrated. The loaded ...
Arai Meiji - - 2006
Deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) causes acute hemolytic anemia triggered by oxidative drugs such as primaquine. It is therefore essential in malaria-endemic areas for malaria patients to be confirmed for their G6PD activity before taking primaquine. The WST-8 method, a newly established screening method for G6PD deficiency, has been demonstrated ...
Gelb Michael H MH Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2006
Tandem mass spectrometry is currently used in newborn screening programmes to quantify the level of amino acids and acylcarnitines in dried blood spots for detection of metabolites associated with treatable diseases. We have developed assays for lysosomal enzymes in rehydrated dried blood spots in which a set of substrates is ...
Thorslund Sara - - 2006
Miniaturized biochemical devices in glass, silicon and polymer materials are starting to find their way from the academic laboratories to real-life applications. However, most attention has been given to miniaturize the downstream functions of various microfluidic systems, leaving the sample introduction and preparation steps to more conventional, bulkier solutions. For ...
Dean Caroline J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is a lysosomal storage disorder related to a deficiency in the enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS). Clinical trials of enzyme replacement therapy are in progress, but effective treatment will require screening assays to enable early detection and diagnosis of MPS II. Our study evaluated the diagnostic ...
Song Eun Young - - 2006
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) has roles as a neurotransmitter, neuromodulator and trophic factor. CGRP has been reported to be elevated in neonatal blood of children with autism or mental retardation as compared with normal subjects by recycling immuno-affinity chromatography (RIC). While CGRP detection in neonatal blood is thus important, it ...
Kim Hyun-Joo - - 2006
Hollow-fiber flow field-flow fractionation (HF FlFFF) was applied for the separation and size characterization of airborne particles which were collected in a municipal area and prefractionated into four different-diameter intervals >5.0, 2.5-5.0, 1.5-2.5, <1.5 microm) by continuous split-flow thin (SPLIIT) fractionation. Experiments demonstrated the possibility of utilizing a hollow-fiber module ...
Unger J K - - 2006
Flow distributions are critical determinants in the function of hemofilters. Despite their importance, however, flow distributions cannot currently be measured in filters during experimental or clinical applications. Here, we demonstrate that the thermal conduction properties of extracorporeal circuits may provide a tool to overcome this limitation. More specifically, we show ...
Supali Taniawati - - 2006
The prevalence of lymphatic filariasis was estimated by PCR-based pool screening of night blood collected from 865 individuals living in ten areas endemic for Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi or B. timori in Indonesia. A total of 232 microfilaraemics were identified by filtration of 1 ml of blood. The microfilaria (mf) ...
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