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Cho Sung Hwan - - 2010
There is an increasing need to develop optofluidic flow cytometers. Optofluidics, where optics and microfluidics work together to create novel functionalities on a small chip, holds great promise for lab-on-a-chip flow cytometry. The development of a low-cost, compact, handheld flow cytometer and microfluorescence-activated cell sorter system could have a significant ...
Alves Crésio - - 2010
The evaluation of the salivary flow rate is important in several situations of dental practice. However, weighing the collected salivary volume it is not a practical method in public health services. This work evaluated the use of hypodermic graduated syringes as a simpler alternative method to measure the salivary flow ...
Persson Anders - - 2010
To evaluate the performance of dried blood spots (DBSs) with subsequent analyses of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GADA) and islet antigen-2 (IA-2A) with the RSR-ELISAs, we selected 80 children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes and 120 healthy women. DBSs from patients and controls were used for RSR-ELISAs while patients samples ...
Sreelakshmi T R - - 2010
Summary Intra-operative cell salvage is used in more than 75% of NHS hospitals in the United Kingdom and is a safe and cost effective alternative to allogenic blood transfusion. We report a case of acute hypotension during reinfusion of cell salvaged blood through a leucocyte depletion filter that occurred during ...
Rissler Jenny - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mass-weighted aerodynamic particle-size distribution (APSD) is a key attribute for pharmaceutical products developed to deliver drugs to or through the lungs. In development and quality control, APSD is primarily determined using multistage cascade impactors. For impactor techniques, particle reentrainment is critical because it may lead to an overestimation of ...
Wiltshire Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A filter has been developed (P-Capt, MacoPharma) to remove infectious prions from red blood cells (RBCs). We sought to assess 1) its operational use, 2) the quality of filtered components, and 3) whether filtration resulted in any significant changes to blood group antigens. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A total ...
Figueredo-Cardero Alvio - - 2009
In the present work Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) was used to study the flow field and particle dynamics in an internal spin-filter (SF) bioreactor system. Evidence of a radial exchange flow through the filter mesh was detected, with a magnitude up to 130-fold higher than the perfusion flow, thus significantly ...
Hussaini Bader E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Biocompatible surfaces play an important role in the inflammatory response during cardiopulmonary bypass (CBP), with the arterial filter contributing a large surface area of the circuit. Different filter-coating materials designed to improve blood-filter biocompatibility are currently used in CPB circuits. This study evaluates eight biocompatible coatings used for arterial ...
Lakshmy Ramakrishnan - - 2009
Glycated hemoglobin A1c (A1C) is an important marker in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes. Dried blood measurement of A1C is useful in large scale epidemiological evaluation of A1C, especially to assess the impact of intervention programs. The possibility of using dried blood for measurement of A1C by the immunoturbidimetric ...
Cho Kyungmin Jacob - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate respirator filter and faceseal penetration of particles representing bacterial and fungal spore size ranges (0.7-4 mum). First, field experiments were conducted to determine workplace protection factors (WPFs) for a typical N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR). These data (average WPF = 515) were ...
Glenister Kristen M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the well-documented effect of white blood cells on the quality of red blood cells (RBCs), the effect of platelets (PLTs) has received little consideration. In this study, the PLT content and level of PLT-derived cytokines in RBCs prepared using different types of leukoreduction methods were investigated. ...
Whitney James B - - 2009
The ability to detect and quantify acute HIV-1 infection prior to seroconversion would be an important tool for use in HIV vaccine clinical efficacy trials. We have utilized the SIV/rhesus monkey model to evaluate whether samples more easily obtained than peripheral blood might be used for intensive monitoring of vaccine ...
Gulliksson Hans - - 2009
Routines for the storage of whole blood (WB) overnight for the preparation of blood components on the following day are of increasing interest primarily for logistic reasons. The present study focuses on in vitro effects during storage for 6 weeks on red blood cells (RBC) prepared in different blood containers ...
Tan Hooi-Kuan - - 2009
Retrospective testing of neonatal Guthrie card blood spots for specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) can distinguish congenital toxoplasmosis from acquired toxoplasmosis. We determined whether storage temperature reduced IgM detection, using filter paper blood samples "spiked" with anti-Toxoplasma IgM. After 300 days, IgM detection deteriorated with storage at room temperature but not ...
Singer Michael A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the hemodynamics of the TrapEase vena cava filter (Cordis, Miami Lakes, Florida) by using three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics, including simulated thrombi of multiple shapes, sizes, and trapping positions. The study was performed to identify areas of stagnant and/or recirculating flow that may have an effect on intrafilter ...
Phetsouvanh Rattanaphone - - 2009
We performed indirect immunofluorescence assays (IFAs) to compare levels of IgM and IgG antibodies to Orientia tsutsugamushi and Rickettsia typhi in admission-phase serum samples and filter paper blood spots (assayed immediately and stored at 5.4 degrees C and 29 degrees C for 30 days) collected on the same day from ...
Qin Lidong L NanoSystems Biology Cancer Center(NSBCC), Kavli Nanoscience Institute, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, - - 2009
We report herein on a self-powered, self-contained microfluidic-based chip designed to separate plasma from whole blood, and then execute an assay of a multiplexed panel of plasma biomarker proteins. The power source is based upon a chemical reaction that is catalytically triggered by the push of a button on the ...
Johnson Michel J - - 2009
During Doppler ultrasound assessment of blood flow, a wall filter is used to reduce or eliminate high-amplitude, low-velocity signals from the vessel wall and the surrounding tissue. This study investigated the impact of a range of wall filters (22 Hz, 75 Hz, 128 Hz, and 252 Hz) on the accuracy ...
Ricci Zaccaria - - 2009
We wanted to evaluate if brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is cleared during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) sessions in children with congenital heart disease. A prospective observational single-center study was conducted in a post-cardiac surgery intensive care unit of the city children's hospital. Ten children requiring CVVH for acute kidney injury ...
Myers Gerard J - - 2009
During a previously published study on gaseous microemboli (GMEs) and perfusionist interventions, it was noted that emboli could be detected after the arterial filter when blood/air challenges entered the membrane oxygenator's integral cardiotomy. The findings indicated that further study into the oxygenator's integral cardiotomy reservoir was warranted. This is the ...
Nugent C Thomas - - 2009
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), saliva, seminal plasma, and dried blood spots were evaluated as specimen types for the APTIMA HIV-1 RNA Qualitative Assay (APTIMA HIV-1 Assay), which employs a target capture step to recover HIV-1-specific sequences from complex specimen types. Analytical sensitivity studies were carried out using samples that ...
Duscher Georg - - 2009
Storage of blood samples for subsequent DNA extraction without loss of integrity can be difficult under field conditions. Filter-based technologies are known to deliver good results for viral, bacterial and protozoan material but have not been tested for blood-dwelling stages of nematodes. In this study Whatman FTA Elute (Whatman plc, ...
Eshbaugh Jonathan P - - 2009
This study investigated the effect of high flow conditions on aerosol penetration and the relationship between penetration at constant and cyclic flow conditions. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-approved N95 and P100 filtering facepiece respirators and cartridges were challenged with inert solid and oil aerosols. A combination of ...
Fenton Erin M - - 2009
We have fabricated paper- and nitrocellulose-based lateral-flow devices that are shaped in two dimensions by a computer-controlled knife. The resulting star, candelabra, and other structures are spotted with multiple bioassay reagents to produce multiplex lateral-flow assays. We have also fabricated laminar composites in which porous nitrocellulose media are sandwiched between ...
Gauffin Fredrika - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Diseases with an onset during childhood or adult life can have their origin during fetal life or at birth. Neonatal blood dried on filter paper (Guthrie cards) collected for screening purposes is routinely stored for decades. In addition to clinical use, these filters in combination with patient registers constitute ...
Garritsen Henk S P - - 2009
Serology, defined as antibody-based diagnostics, has been regarded as the diagnostic gold standard in transfusion medicine. Nowadays however the impact of molecular diagnostics in transfusion medicine is rapidly growing. Molecular diagnostics can improve tissue typing (HLA typing), increase safety of blood products (NAT testing of infectious diseases), and enable blood ...
Chang Shih-Hsiang - - 2009
A theoretical study on the transient electro-osmotic flow through a cylindrical microcapillary containing a salt-free medium is presented for both constant surface charge density and constant surface potential. The exact analytical solutions for the electric potential distribution and the transient electro-osmotic flow velocity are derived by solving the nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann ...
Fokkema M Rebecca - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates HbA1c measurements from dried blood spots collected on filter paper and compares HbA1c from filter paper (capillary blood) with HbA1c measured in venous blood. METHODS: Patient satisfaction was evaluated using a questionnaire. The performance with the filter paper method was assessed by comparing HbA1c results from ...
Bhatti Parveen - - 2009
Collection of buccal cells from saliva for DNA extraction offers a less invasive and convenient alternative to venipuncture blood collection that may increase participation in genetic epidemiologic studies. However, dried blood spot collection, which is also a convenient method, offers a means of collecting peripheral blood samples from which analytes ...
Garcia Boy Regine - - 2008
The use of dried blood spots (DBS) which has successfully been introduced in neonatal metabolic screening is an appropriate method to reduce virus infection risk to a minimum, facilitating regular mailing and handling of samples in the laboratory. Injection diacetylmorphine use is notably associated with a prevalence of infection and ...
Ferner Matthew C - - 2008
Suspension feeders rely on filter structures of a variety of forms to capture food particles. Much effort has been devoted to examining the operation of such filters, but mechanistic evaluations have generally represented filter elements with artificially stiff cylinders. We extended this previous work to investigate how bending affects the ...
Matamoros Víctor - - 2009
Occurrence and removal efficiencies of 13 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) as well as BOD(5), TSS and NH(4)(+) were evaluated for the first time in thirteen onsite household secondary wastewater treatment systems, including two compact biofilters followed by Filtralite-P filter units, two biological sand filters, five horizontal subsurface flow ...
Stevens Dean Y - - 2008
As part of an effort to create a point-of-care diagnostic system for the developing world, we present a microfluidic flow-through membrane immunoassay with on-card dry reagent storage. By preserving reagent function, the storage and reconstitution of anhydrous reagents enables the devices to remain viable in challenging, unregulated environmental conditions. The ...
Wong Amy P - - 2008
This paper demonstrates that a hand-powered egg beater can be modified to serve as a centrifuge for separating plasma from human whole blood. Immunoassays used to diagnose infectious diseases often require plasma from whole blood, and obtaining plasma typically requires electrically-powered centrifuges, which are not widely available in resource-limited settings. ...
Haak Peterson T - - 2009
State laws in the USA mandate that blood be drawn from all newborn infants to screen for health-threatening conditions. These screening assays consume only a small portion of the blood samples, which are collected on filter paper ('Guthrie') cards. Many states archive unused blood spots, often in unrefrigerated storage. While ...
Forzán María J - - 2008
The introduction of a new group of dendrobatid frogs to an established captive amphibian collection was followed by several acute mortalities in both resident and introduced frog populations. Chytridiomycosis, caused by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, was diagnosed by histology in two of the dead frogs. Following the diagnosis, all amphibians were moved ...
Tan, Jocelyn
Whole blood separation is a crucial step prior to the analysis of a whole blood sample in a lateral flow assay (LFA). While there are numerous diagnostic applications that utilize the technique for rapid and sensitive analysis, few are able to directly work with human whole blood samples and provide ...
Eddings Mark A - - 2008
Limitations in depositing ligands using conventional micro-array pin spotting have hindered the application of surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) technology. To address these challenges we introduce a modification to our continuous-flow micro-spotting technology that improves ligand deposition. Using Flexchip protein A/G and neutravidin capturing surfaces, we demonstrate that our new ...
Haase M - - 2008
PURPOSE: A novel type of adsorptive plasma filtering device (ETX-A) capable of removing endotoxin from blood in a single step has recently been developed using nanotechnology. METHODS: In a miniaturized, ex vivo model of extracorporeal circuits, we tested the capacity to reduce plasma cytokine concentration of ETX-A filters in comparison ...
Smith D P - - 2008
Presence of blood spots in eggs has been correlated with a greater rate of Salmonella Enteritidis contamination. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine whether Salmonella inoculated into egg albumen with naturally occurring blood spots would survive or grow. In each of 3 trials, white shell table eggs with blood ...
Funk William E WE Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, School of Public Health, University of California at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2008
Adducts of reactive chemicals with hemoglobin (Hb) or human serum albumin can be used as biomarkers of internal doses of carcinogens. Because dried blood spots are easier to collect and store than conventional venous blood samples, they encourage applications of biomarkers of exposure in large epidemiologic studies. In addition, neonatal ...
Tan Hsih Yin - - 2008
Sarin (C(4)H(10)FO(2)P,O-isopropyl methylphosphonofluoridate) is a colourless, odourless and highly toxic phosphonate that acts as a cholinesterase inhibitor and disrupts neuromuscular transmission. Sarin and related phosphonates are chemical warfare agents, and there is a possibility of their application in a military or terrorist attack. This paper reports a lab-on-a-chip device for ...
Moonen Adrianus F C M - - 2008
A pilot study was undertaken to evaluate whether filters integrated in postoperative retransfusion systems affect the amount of blood cells retransfused after total knee arthroplasty. Twenty-two consecutive patients received either the Donor retransfusion system (n=12 patients) or the Bellovac ABT retransfusion system (n=10). Both systems differ with respect to the ...
Lai Wei H - - 2008
Clenbuterol, which may cause symptoms of increased heart rate, muscular tremors, headache, nausea, and muscular cramps in patients, has been prohibited for consumption in many countries including the European Union, the United States, and China. A rapid lateral-flow strip assay was developed in our laboratory, and results obtained with this ...
Smets Koenraad - - 2008
A fatal case of Coxsackie B3 myocarditis in a neonate is described. The clinical features became evident in the 3rd week of life, but enteroviral RNA was detected in the dried blood spot of the baby collected on day 4 after birth. This is the first report on the detection ...
Yu Alfred C H - - 2008
Because of their adaptability to the slow-time signal contents, eigen-based filters have shown potential in improving the flow detection performance of color flow images. This paper proposes a new eigen-based filter called the Hankel-SVD filter that is intended to process each slowtime ensemble individually. The new filter is derived using ...
Lakshmy Ramakrishnan - - 2008
The collection of dried blood spots on filter paper offers a powerful tool in screening programs and in large population-based surveys. The method has the advantage of being less invasive and relatively painless and is particularly suitable for collection in neonates and the elderly. Blood can be collected and transported ...
Riley Jeffrey B JB Circulation Technology Division, School of Allied Medical Professions, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA. - - 2008
Arterial line filters (ALFs) are arguably the most important component in the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit to protect the patient from gaseous macro- and micro-emboli (GME) originating in the perfusion circuit. The GME separating ability of 10 ALFs was ranked according to seven performance criteria. Ten ALFs rated between 20 and ...
Fachiroh J - - 2008
Dried-blood (DB) samples on filter paper are considered clinical specimens for diagnostic use because of the ease of collection, storage, and transport. We recently developed a synthetic-peptide-based immunoglobulin A (IgA) (EBNA1 plus viral capsid antigen [VCA]-p18) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) screening. Here, we evaluate the use ...
Inoue Naoki - - 2008
Although the use of dried blood spots has been proposed for screening of newborns with congenital cytomegalovirus infection, viral loads in blood were significantly smaller than those in urine (P < 0.001), and DNA recovery from dried blood spots using the thermal shock procedure was inefficient. In contrast, our urine-based ...
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