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Faria David Pedro - - 2011
The permeability of gases through uncompressed cork was investigated. More than one hundred samples were assessed from different plank qualities to provide a picture of the permeability distribution. A novel technique based on a mass spectrometer leak detector was used to directly measure the helium flow through the central area ...
Walter Gary R - - 2011
Recharge through intermittent and ephemeral stream channels is believed to be a primary aquifer recharge process in arid and semiarid environments. The intermittent nature of precipitation and flow events in these channels, and their often remote locations, makes direct flow and loss measurements difficult and expensive. Airborne and satellite optical ...
Lester Felicia - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The Non-pneumatic Antishock Garment (NASG) is a compression device that has shown significantly decreased blood loss in cases of obstetric hemorrhage. However, there are no physiologic studies of the NASG in postpartum women. This study used Doppler ultrasound to measure the resistive index (RI) in the internal iliac artery, ...
Kung Ethan O - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to validate numerical simulations of flow and pressure incorporating deformable walls using in vitro flow phantoms under physiological flow and pressure conditions. We constructed two deformable flow phantoms mimicking a normal and a restricted thoracic aorta, and used a Windkessel model at the outlet ...
Colucci G - - 2011
Introduction:  ROTEM(®) is considered a helpful point-of-care device to monitor blood coagulation. Centrally performed analysis is desirable but rapid transport of blood samples and real-time transmission of graphic results are an important prerequisite. The effect of sample transport through a pneumatic tube system on ROTEM(®) results is unknown. The aims ...
Feng Rui - - 2011
Flow and stresses induced by blood flow acting on the blood cellular constituents can be represented to a certain extent by a continuum mechanics approach down to the order of the μm level. However, the molecular effects of, e.g., adhesion/aggregation bonds of blood clotting can be on the order of nm. ...
O'Brien Dominique S - - 2011
Passive samplers for phosphate were calibrated in the laboratory over a range of flow velocities (0-27 cm s(-1)) and ionic strengths (0-0.62 mol kg(-1)). The observed sampling rates were between 0.006 and 0.20 L d(-1). An empirical model allowed the estimation of these sampling rates with a precision of 8.5%. ...
Partal A - - 2011
Objectives: To create a low-cost protocol for the production of autologous serum eye drops (ASEs) by blood collection and processing centres using standard equipment and staff already available. The protocol must observe local and federal regulatory authorities' requirements for good manufacturing practice. Aim: The final aim is to improve accessibility ...
Bieging Erik T - - 2011
PURPOSE: To estimate surface-based wall shear stress (WSS) and evaluate flow patterns in ascending aortic dilatation (AscAD) using a high-resolution, time-resolved, three-dimensional (3D), three-directional velocity encoded, radially undersampled phase contrast magnetic resonance sequence (4D PC-MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 4D PC-MRI was performed in 11 patients with AscAD (46.3±22.0 years) and ...
Conrado Luis Augusto Lupato - - 2011
Background  Therapeutic effects have been attributed to far-infrared (FIR) radiation emitted from different types of sources. One class of such infrared emitters consists of ceramics in a powdered form, which allows for its incorporation into creams and fabrics. Such ceramic materials emit in the FIR when subjected to body temperature. ...
Takagi Daisuke - - 2011
Many processes in geophysical and industrial settings involve the flow of granular materials down a slope. In order to investigate the granular dynamics, we report a series of laboratory experiments conducted by releasing grains at a steady rate from a localized source on a rough inclined plane. Different types of ...
Montanero J M - - 2011
The global stability of the steady jetting mode of liquid jets focused by coaxial gas streams is analyzed both theoretically and experimentally. Numerical simulations allow one to identify the physical mechanisms responsible for instability in the low viscosity and very viscous regimes of the focused liquid. The characteristic flow rates ...
Liu Biyue - - 2011
The objective of this work is to investigate the effect of non-Newtonian properties of blood on the wall shear stress (WSS) in atherosclerotic coronary arteries using both Newtonian and non-Newtonian models. Numerical simulations were performed to examine how the spatial and temporal WSS distributions are influenced by the stenosis size, ...
Dorronsoro Carlos - - 2011
An Allegretto Eye-Q laser platform (Wavelight GmbH, Erlangen, Germany) was used to study the effect of air-flow speed on the ablation of artificial polymer corneas used for testing refractive surgery patterns. Flat samples of two materials (PMMA and Filofocon A) were ablated at four different air flow conditions. The shape ...
Chandra Ankur - - 2011
PURPOSE: Duplex surveillance of arterial stents has focused on detecting in-stent restenosis. Although velocity is commonly reported, that differs from blood flow, and patency of arterial prostheses is flow-dependent. Preliminary evaluation was performed to determine if postprocedure peak systolic blood flow (PSF) through stents correlates with rate of repeat intervention ...
Rogers Michelle - - 2011
The behaviour of droplets entering a microfluidic chamber designed to house microelectrode detectors for real time analysis of clinical microdialysate is described. We have designed an analysis chamber to collect the droplets produced by multiphase flows of oil and artificial cerebral spinal fluid. The coalescence chamber creates a constant aqueous ...
Mozharov Sergey - - 2011
A novel method has been devised to derive kinetic information about reactions in microfluidic systems. Advantages have been demonstrated over conventional procedures for a Knoevenagel condensation reaction in terms of the time required to obtain the data (fivefold reduction) and the efficient use of reagents (tenfold reduction). The procedure is ...
Leblanc Serge Emile - - 2011
It is well known that red blood cell scattering has an impact on whole blood oximetry as well as in vivo retinal oxygen saturation measurements. The goal of this study was to quantify the impact of small angle forward scatter on whole blood oximetry for scattering angles found in retinal ...
von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff Florian - - 2011
Objective: The hemodynamics in proximity to stented aortic bioprostheses still differ from that under physiological conditions. This may prevent desired cardiac remodeling and promote aortic diseases. Further improvements in prosthetic technology require an accurate survey of the flow conditions on the prosthetic level and in the ascending aorta. Cardiovascular magnetic ...
Tournoux François - - 2011
Although multiple echocardiographic methods exist to calculate cardiac output (CO), they have not been validated in mice using a reference method. Echocardiographic and flow probe measurements of CO were obtained in mice before and after albumin infusion and inferior vena cava occlusions. Echocardiography was also performed before and after endotoxin ...
Davey Nicholas - - 2011
At the boundary between a hydrophilic and hydrophobic surface coating a large contact angle hysteresis exists which can be used to retain fluid on a flat surface, a similar effect exists at the edge of a solid surface. In this work, pressure-driven flow is used to create fluid flow through ...
Chen Zengsheng - - 2011
Traditional commercial stents are made of wires with square or semi-circular cross-sections that lead to flow disturbance, which plays an important role in the initiation and progression of restenosis. A new stent with streamlined cross-sectional wires was proposed and researched numerically for its hemodynamic performance. Simplified models of stents with ...
Day-Lewis Frederick D - - 2011
A new computer program, FLASH (Flow-Log Analysis of Single Holes), is presented for the analysis of borehole vertical flow logs. The code is based on an analytical solution for steady-state multilayer radial flow to a borehole. The code includes options for (1) discrete fractures and (2) multilayer aquifers. Given vertical ...
Jamison R Aidan - - 2011
High resolution in vivo velocity measurements within the cardiovascular system are essential for accurate calculation of vessel wall shear stress, a highly influential factor for the progression of arterial disease. Unfortunately, currently available techniques for in vivo imaging are unable to provide the temporal resolution required for velocity measurement at ...
Huang Chih-Chung - - 2011
Ultrasonic backscatter has recently been used extensively to investigate erythrocyte aggregation, which is an inherent hematological phenomenon in the blood circulation system. The size of rouleaux can be estimated by measuring certain parameters of signals backscattered from flowing blood. However, most measurements of backscatter from blood use a constant value ...
Reyes Francisco Vega - - 2011
In a recent paper [F. Vega Reyes et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 028001 (2010)] we presented a preliminary description of a special class of steady Couette flows in dilute granular gases. In all flows of this class the viscous heating is exactly balanced by inelastic cooling. This yields a ...
Dragonetti Raffaele - - 2011
Air-flow resistivity is a main parameter governing the acoustic behavior of porous materials for sound absorption. The international standard ISO 9053 specifies two different methods to measure the air-flow resistivity, namely a steady-state air-flow method and an alternating air-flow method. The latter is realized by the measurement of the sound ...
Seth Mayank - - 2011
Objective-To compare the ease of use and accuracy of 5 feline AB blood-typing methods: card agglutination (CARD), immunochromatographic cartridge (CHROM), gel-based (GEL), and conventional slide (SLIDE) and tube (TUBE) agglutination assays. Sample Population-490 anticoagulated blood samples from sick and healthy cats submitted to the Transfusion or Clinical Laboratory at the ...
Offerman Erik J - - 2011
To evaluate the signal properties of 2D time of flight (TOF), quiescent-interval single-shot (QISS), ECG-gated 3D fast spin-echo (FBI), and ungated 3D fast spin-echo ghost (Ghost) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) over a range of flow velocities in a pulsatile flow phantom with a 50% diameter stenosis at 1.5T. Blood-mimicking fluid ...
Flamm Matthew H - - 2011
We develop and validate an efficient lattice kinetic Monte Carlo (LKMC) method for simulating particle aggregation in laminar flows with spatially varying shear rate, such as parabolic flow or flows with standing vortices. A contact time model was developed to describe the particle-particle collision efficiency as a function of the ...
Wu Chih-Chieh - - 2011
Cutaneous red blood cell velocity in vivo can be measured by using capillaroscopy with image processing techniques. However, unlike simulated blood flow images, there is no standard to determine the accuracy of the techniques for computing blood flow velocities. In this paper, we quantitatively evaluated the accuracy of previously proposed ...
Tang Xiaoju - - 2011
A poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) viscometer was developed to analyze the activity of endo-β-1,4-glucanases (EC3.2.1.4) on hydrolyzing sodium carboxymethylcellulose (NaCMC). In the viscometer, a PDMS pump was used as the vacuum source to drive the fluid flow in the PDMS microchannel. The numerical simulation by COMSOL suggested that the vacuum level of ...
Uríz María Jose - - 2011
A retrospective study carried out on medical records of transfused patients in our hospital in 2002 revealed that manual identification procedures were insufficient to offer satisfactory traceability. The aim of this study was to assess adequacy of transfusion traceability and compliance with proper identification procedures after introducing an electronic identification ...
Saias Laure - - 2011
We propose a strategy for optimizing distribution of flow in a microfluidic chamber for microreactor, lateral flow assay and immunocapture applications. It is aimed at maximizing flow throughput, while keeping footprint, cell thickness, and shear stress in the distribution channels at a minimum, and offering a uniform flow field along ...
Paoletti M S - - 2011
We present measurements of the angular momentum flux (torque) in Taylor-Couette flow of water between independently rotating cylinders for all regions of the (Ω_{1}, Ω_{2}) parameter space at high Reynolds numbers, where Ω_{1} (Ω_{2}) is the inner (outer) cylinder angular velocity. We find that the Rossby number Ro=(Ω_{1}-Ω_{2})/Ω_{2} fully determines ...
Ozbek Mustafa - - 2011
Abstract The thermodilution method has been widely used to estimate cardiac output by injecting a cold solution into circulating blood. It is uncertain if radial heat transfer from the vascular/cardiac wall to circulating injectate can cause inaccurate results with this method. In this study, we have introduced a physical experimental ...
Treeby Bradley E - - 2011
The ultrasound attenuation coefficient and dispersion from 0-70 MHz in whole human blood and its components (red blood cells and plasma) at 37°C is reported. The measurements are made using a fixed path substitution technique that exploits optical mechanisms for the generation and detection of ultrasound. This allows the measurements ...
Lanaux Travis M - - 2011
Interpretation of blood smears is commonly used to provide rapid laboratory evaluation of animals in veterinary emergency practice, but the accuracy of results of blood smear interpretation by emergency room personnel (ERP) compared with evaluation by trained veterinary clinical pathology personnel is unknown. The goal of this study was to ...
Toner Richard W - - 2011
Background: Little is known about the economics of acquiring and processing the more than 14 million units of red blood cells used annually in the US. Objective: To determine the average price paid by hospitals to suppliers for a unit of red blood cells and to identify cost variations by ...
Hosoda Masahiro - - 2011
A continuous measurement system, with a ventilation-type accumulation chamber, was developed for radon exhalation rate determination. A reasonable sampling flow rate for the measurement system was determined by comparing the values obtained by the system with those obtained by a grab sampling method. The sampling flow rate of passage through ...
Inui Koji - - 2011
Air-segmentation is applied to amplitude-modulated multiplexed flow analysis, which we proposed recently. Sample solutions, the flow rates of which are varied periodically, are merged with reagent and/or diluent solution. The merged stream is segmented by air-bubbles and, downstream, its absorbance is measured after deaeration. The analytes in the samples are ...
Fuchiwaki Yusuke - - 2011
Flow-through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) microfluidic systems for fast, small-volume DNA amplification on a single chip are significantly impacting medical and bioanalytical research. We have fabricated an improved, practical flow-through PCR chip by weighting a pressure-sensitive polyolefin (PSP) film onto a cyclo-olefin polymer (COP) substrate. The substrate was cut so ...
Dunn J F - - 2011
Laser speckle perfusion imaging (LSPI) is a minimally invasive optical measure of relative changes in blood flow, providing real-time, high resolution, two-dimensional maps of vascular structure. Standard LSI imaging uses a light-reflective geometry that limits the measurement to a thin surface layer of 0.2-1 mm. The objective of this study was ...
Iuliano Blase - - 2011
Abstract Background: T'ai chi chuan, the ancient Chinese martial art, is practiced by millions of people worldwide and is an activity of moderate intensity that involves slow, circular movements. Evidence of substantial health benefits of t'ai chi chuan is emerging, however, the physiologic mechanisms are not well-understood. T'ai chi chuan ...
Wang Lili - - 2011
Multicolor flow cytometer assays are routinely used in clinical laboratories for immunophenotyping, -monitoring disease and treatment, and determining prognostic factors. However, existing methods for quantitative measurements have not yet produced satisfactory results. This chapter details a procedure for quantifying surface and intracellular protein biomarkers by calibrating the output of a ...
Sharma Gaurav - - 2011
The Transfusion Medicine Service (TMS) covers diverse clinical and laboratory-based services that must be delivered with accuracy, efficiency and reliability. TMS oversight is shared by multiple regulatory agencies that cover product manufacturing and validation standards geared toward patient safety. These demands present significant informatics challenges. Over the past few decades, ...
Beiderman Yevgeny - - 2011
An optical approach allowing the extraction and the separation of remote vibration sources has recently been proposed. The approach has also been applied for medical related applications as blood pressure and heart beats monitoring. In this paper we demonstrate its capability to monitor glucose concentration in blood stream. The technique ...
Liu Tan - - 2011
We proposed to measure the metabolic rate of oxygen (MRO(2)) in small animals in vivo using a multimodal imaging system that combines laser-scanning optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (LSOR-PAM) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). We first tested the capability of the multimodal system to measure flow rate in a phantom made ...
Kuranov Roman V - - 2011
Non-invasive depth-resolved measurement of hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SaO(2)) levels in discrete blood vessels may have implications for diagnosis and treatment of various pathologies. We introduce a novel Dual-Wavelength Photothermal (DWP) Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for non-invasive depth-resolved measurement of SaO(2) levels in a blood vessel phantom. DWP OCT SaO(2) is ...
Hopkins Heidi - - 2011
Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are increasingly used by remote health personnel with minimal training in laboratory techniques. RDTs must, therefore, be as simple, safe and reliable as possible. Transfer of blood from the patient to the RDT is critical to safety and accuracy, and poses a significant challenge to ...
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