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Results 451 - 500 of 892
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Chiu C C - - 2001
Time domain cross-correlation analysis of pre-filtered mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) and mean cerebral blood flow velocity (MCBFV) was applied to assess the cerebral autoregulation (CA). Beat-to-beat time series of spontaneous arterial blood pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity were obtained from 13 young normal volunteers with the Finapres device ...
Andersson M - - 2001
Asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (flow FFF) was connected to multiangle light scattering (MALS) and refractive index (RI) detectors for characterization of the molar mass distribution and molecular radius of a cellulose derivative, ethylhydroxyethyl cellulose (EHEC). Experimental conditions were optimized to allow study of a wide range of molar mass including ...
Jensen U G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Classic galactosemia (OMIM 230400) is an inherited disorder in the metabolism of galactose caused by deficiency of the enzyme galactose 1-phosphate uridyl transferase (EC 2.7.7.12). Galactosemia leads to accumulation of galactose and galactose 1-phosphate (gal-1-P) in blood and tissues and, if untreated, produces neonatal death or severe mental retardation, ...
Alku P - - 2001
In the production of voiced speech the main excitation of the vocal tract occurs during the glottal closing phase when the rate of change of the flow reaches its absolute maximum. The level of this maximum, the negative peak amplitude of the differentiated glottal flow, correlates strongly with sound pressure ...
Abdulrazzaq Y M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the well-established filter paper spotted blood method used for the determination of some amino acids could be reliably used to measure all amino acids and whether amino acid results thus obtained are reproducible and comparable to the results obtained by measuring plasma amino acids in either ...
Düngen H D - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Physical properties of filters for continous renal replacement therapy have a great impact on biocompatibility. According to Poiseuille's law, a filter with more and shorter hollow fibers should offer a decreased pressure drop and, therefore, lower transmembrane pressure (TMP). The aim of this study was to study the effect ...
Iwama H - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of temperature on bradykinin generation during blood transfusion using positively charged (positive filter), negatively charged (negative filter), and neutral (neutral filter) filters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Whole blood collected from six volunteers at 4 degrees C or 37 degrees C ...
Krailadsiri P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The levels of residual red blood cells (RBC) and platelets (PLT) in WBC-reduced plasma are often below the lower detection limit of automated blood cell counters. This study established a novel flow cytometric method for the enumeration of residual RBC and PLT in plasma. Furthermore, their levels in WBC-reduced ...
Sutton M Y - - 2001
A molecular-based subtyping system for Treponema pallidum was used during an investigation of increasing syphilis in Maricopa County, Arizona. Genital ulcer or whole blood specimens from patients with syphilis were assayed by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of a T. pallidum DNA polymerase I gene. Positive specimens were typed ...
Wiwanitkit V - - 2001
This study was set in the Division of Laboratory Medicine, Chulalongkorn Hospital. All 2,000 blood specimens were randomly collected using evacuated blood collection by plain or gel vacuum tubes. After collection, each specimen was considered and judged using criteria of specimen rejection to determine how proper the specimen presentations were. ...
Nielsen H J - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Poor prognosis after resection of primary colorectal cancer may be related to the combination of perioperative blood transfusion and subsequent development of infectious complications. White blood cell--and platelet-derived cancer growth substances, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), may be involved in this process. Therefore, we studied the ...
Wilcken B - - 2001
The carnitine transporter defect is a potentially fatal but treatable disorder. We used electrospray tandem mass spectrometry in the New South Wales (Australia) Newborn Screening Programme to measure free carnitine and acylcarnitine species in the newborn population. Free carnitine levels in dried blood samples from 149,000 neonates did not vary ...
Schumacher J - - 2001
The evolution of turbulent spots in a parallel shear flow is studied by means of full three-dimensional numerical simulations. The flow is bounded by free surfaces and driven by a volume force. Three regions in the spanwise spot cross section can be identified: a turbulent interior, an interface layer with ...
Watson D G - - 2001
Monitoring of drugs (such as theophylline) with a narrow therapeutic window could be simplified if patients were able to submit blood spots for analysis. This could reduce clinic attendance for venous blood sampling and save staff time. A rapid sensitive method utilizing liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry has been developed to determine ...
Moon M H - - 2001
An upstream ultrafiltration (UU) method is employed for the on-line concentration of collected particle fraction and for the convenient regulation of flow rates in split-flow thin (SPLITT) fractionation. Concentration of the collected particle fraction is necessary to fractionate particles by smaller cutoff diameters in SPLITT fractionation. By introducing a simple ...
Jones J S - - 2001
The measurement of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) from extracted whole dried blood spots on filter paper is a simple method allowing sample collection to be carried out by the patient at home. One drop of blood is applied to a filter card, air dried and posted to the laboratory. ...
Simpson D M - - 2001
Autoregulation maintains cerebral blood flow (CBF) almost constant in the face of changes in arterial blood pressure (ABP). Tests for impairment of this process using only spontaneous fluctuations in ABP, without provoking large variations, are of great clinical interest, and a range of different approaches have previously been applied. Extending ...
Soli M - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A multicentre trial was set up to evaluate the performance of a new leucodepletion protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Filtration at high haematocrit was started during collection of red blood cell (RBC) products by apheresis with Trima. SAG-M was added after filtration through the filter. Haematocrits and haemoglobin ...
Jamal R - - 2000
The advent of leukocyte filters has enabled effective removal of leukocytes from certain blood products thus avoiding many adverse effects of blood transfusion. Many different materials have been incorporated into these filters to achieve >95% leukocyte removal. In this study we evaluated the efficacy of leukocyte removal of two different ...
Carroll F T - - 2000
Medical examiners frequently rely on the finding of free morphine present in postmortem specimens to assist in certifying deaths associated with narcotics. In vitro hydrolysis of morphine-3-D glucuronide (M3DG) to free morphine was studied using variable specimen pH, initial degree of specimen putrefaction, storage temperature and time, and the effectiveness ...
David-Neto E - - 2000
Evaluation of Cyclosporin A (CyA) blood concentration is imperative in solid organ transplantation in order to achieve maximal immunosuppression with the least side effects. We compared the results of whole blood concentrations of CyA in 50 blood samples simultaneously evaluated by the fluorescent polarization immune assay (TDx) and the enzymatic ...
Chitambar S D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Venous blood collection is a cumbersome and uncomfortable procedure during hepatitis A surveillance. Collection of capillary blood by finger prick is an alternative method. AIM: To evaluate the reactivity of capillary blood/anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) IgG stored on filter paper disks for detection of anti-HAV antibody. METHODS: Venous blood ...
Rivero A - - 2000
Phenylketonuria is an inherited metabolic disorder caused by a defect in the hydroxylation of phenylalanine. Newborn screening is crucial for the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. A phenylalanine dehydrogenase-coupled enzymatic assay (Quantase) in microtiter plates for the screening of phenylketonuria was evaluated and compared with our routine method based ...
Brownlee L - - 2000
Leukoreduction of blood products is a technique used to prevent leukocyte-induced transfusion reactions. Filters currently used for human blood products achieve at least a 99.9% reduction in leukocyte numbers per unit (450 mL) of blood. Goals of this study were to determine if a prestorage leukoreduction filter could effectively achieve ...
Matayoshi T - - 2000
The completely closed circuit system is the future direction of cardiopulmonary bypass because of its compactness and superior biocompatibility. The most serious obstacle for clinical application is the sucking of air bubbles into the drainage circuit. The purpose of this study was to remove the air bubbles from the drainage ...
Campino L - - 2000
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the polymerase chain reaction could be used to detect Leishmania infantum in peripheral blood spots of immunocompromised patients. Although visceral leishmaniasis in immunocompromised individuals is routinely diagnosed by direct microscopy or by culture of biopsy material, both methods have disadvantages. ...
Bjaerum S - - 2000
The filter used to separate blood signals from the tissue clutter signal is an important part of a color flow system. In this paper, statistical detection theory is used to evaluate the quality of the most commonly used clutter filters. The probability of falsely classifying a sample volume as containing ...
Couch G G - - 2000
The effectiveness of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter in preventing pulmonary embolism while preserving caval flow is significantly affected by its hemodynamic characteristics. Flow fields surrounding two types of IVC filters were compared to assess how the design of a filter may influence performance. The 12F Titanium Greenfield and ...
Erhardt E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the value of blood-spot 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) daily profiles and urinary steroid excretion in untreated and treated patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). PATIENTS: Ten patients with CAH were investigated during steroid replacement therapy (Group 1), and 11 patients were investigated without treatment (Group 2). METHODS: Capillary blood ...
Luque S - - 1999
The microfiltration performance of a novel membrane module design with helically wound hollow fibers is compared with that obtained with a standard commercial-type crossflow module containing linear hollow fibers. Cell suspensions (yeast, E. coli, and mammalian cell cultures) commonly clarified in the biotechnology industry are used for this comparison. The ...
Mueller X M - - 1999
Arterial line filters are now routinely used in cardiac surgery in order to decrease the microemboli load to the patient. The Quart filter (Jostra, Hirrlingen, Germany) with a new planar construction design, an easy de-airing system and an integrated bypass, was tested for air filtration capacity and resistance to blood ...
Hirakawa M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of four types of in-line filters on filtration rate, amphotericin B concentration and particulate matter. METHODS: Filtration rates of amphotericin B fluid through in-line filters under maximum gravity flow were examined. The concentrations of amphotericin B and the particulate matter in the non-filtered and filtered ...
Kivity S - - 1999
This study evaluated the effect of the Leukostop filter, a device which reduces the number of leukocytes in blood, on pulmonary function in 15 patients with thalassemia major. Spirometry and oxygen saturation were used to evaluate the influence of filtering the blood. The transfusions consisted of blood which had or ...
Sinha D - - 1999
Employing a 9-O-acetyl sialic acid binding lectin, Achatinin(H) (ATNH), we have reported a non-invasive, blood based lymphoproliferation assay which measures the maximal lymphoproliferative dose (MLD) of ATN(H) to assess the status of 9-O-acetylated sialoglycoconjugates (9-OAcSGs) in patients with Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (Mandal C, Sinha D, Sharma V, Bhattacharya DK. ...
O'Broin S D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Dried blood spots (DBS) on filter paper have been a successful and economical matrix for neonatal screening. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop and evaluate an optimized method for DBS folate analysis and to assess DBS folate stability. DESIGN: DBS were eluted from paper by sonication in 5 g ...
Ronco C - - 1999
Different high flux membranes have been recently developed. The present study is aimed at describing the technical features and the clinical performances of a new high flux polysulfone membrane (T-sulfone, Toray, Japan). The study has been carried out on two different dialyzers (surface area = 1.3 and 1.8 m2). The ...
Abdullah A H - - 1999
Capillary blood samples from three hundred healthy, full-term newborn within 48 and 120 hours of delivery, were collected on filter paper for analysis of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Blood was collected by pricking the heel of the newborn and spotted and dried on filter paper cards. The samples were analysed by ...
McDowell L M - - 1999
13C2H rotational echo double resonance NMR has been used to provide the first evidence for the formation of quinone-derived cross-links in mussel byssal plaques. Labeling of byssus was achieved by allowing mussels to filter feed from seawater containing L-[phenol-4-13C]tyrosine and L-[ring-d4]tyrosine for 2 days. Plaques and threads were harvested from ...
Tomimori-Yamashita J - - 1999
The authors studied 70 leprosy patients and 20 normal individuals, comparing the traditional sera collection method and the finger prick blood with the conservation on filter paper for specific antibodies against the native phenolic glycolipid-I (PGL-I) from Mycobacterium leprae. The finger prick blood dried on filter paper was eluated in ...
Mynster T - - 1999
Immunosuppression after transfusion may be related to the content of leucocytes in the transfused blood. Therefore we studied the effects of prestorage and bedside leucodepletion by filtration on the suppression by whole blood of in vitro stimulated tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) release. Nine units of whole blood were leucofiltered ...
Fabron Júnior A - - 1999
White cell (WBC)-reduction filters have been shown to be effective in removing infectious agents from infected blood products. In this study, the mechanisms of Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) retention by WBC-reduction filters were assessed. Human packed red blood cell (PRBC) and platelet concentrate (PC) samples were contaminated with T. cruzi ...
Richman D L - - 1999
Commercially available spray-dried protein sources were evaluated as replacement laboratory cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché), larval diets for slaughterhouse-collected heat-dried blood. Percentage of adult emergence of fleas reared on adult flea feces (87.7%) and spray-dried bovine blood (79%) did not significantly differ, and yeast supplementation did not significantly increase ...
Strauss W - - 1999
We have developed an ELISA for the diagnosis of human fascioliasis based on the detection of IgG4 antibodies to Fasciola hepatica cathepsin LI cysteine protease. Use of this assay in the Bolivian Altiplano, a region with a high prevalence of the disease, was hampered by the reluctance of the indigenous ...
Rashed M S - - 1999
For the past 30 years, neonatal screening programs have been performed largely by using the bacterial inhibition assays developed by Dr Robert Guthrie. These programs focused on a small number of diseases such as phenylketonuria and maple syrup urine disease and involved one test for each disease. During the same ...
Legler T J - - 1999
Leukocyte depleted blood components are frequently used to reduce alloimmunization and the risk of transfusion transmitted infection. Counting residual white blood cells in filtered blood products requires sensitive and reliable techniques. After separation of white blood cells from 500 microliters of 20 non-filtered and 54 filtered blood products we used ...
Bode H H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of 17 hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) determination in dried filter paper blood samples from patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency. It was hypothesized that these home samples would enhance patient treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Results of 17OHP determination in ...
Fukunaga K - - 1999
A totally new autotransfusion system has been developed utilizing a hollow fiber membrane, based upon plasmapheresis technology. Prior to fabricating the system, it was essential to evaluate the basic performance characteristics of the filter, which was designed particularly for the new system. The objective of this study was to prove ...
Panteleeff D D - - 1999
PCR is a highly sensitive method for the detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) nucleic acids in blood mononuclear cells and plasma. However, blood separation techniques require extensive laboratory support systems and are difficult when a limited volume of blood is available, which is often the case for ...
Pietersz R N - - 1998
It has long been recognized that allogenic leucocytes from donor blood are responsible for serious untoward effects in some transfused patients such as alloimmunization, febrile reactions, platelet refractoriness, transfusion associated acute lung injury, immunosuppression as well as transmission or reactivation of viruses such as CMV, HTLV or EBV. Leucocytes are ...
Hopkins J S - - 1998
The indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of anti-trypanosomal antibodies in bovine serum was adapted for use with dried blood spots on filter paper. Absorbance (450 nm) results for samples were expressed as percent positivity, i.e. percentage of the median absorbance result of four replicates of the strong ...
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