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Results 451 - 500 of 869
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Rivero A - - 2000
Phenylketonuria is an inherited metabolic disorder caused by a defect in the hydroxylation of phenylalanine. Newborn screening is crucial for the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. A phenylalanine dehydrogenase-coupled enzymatic assay (Quantase) in microtiter plates for the screening of phenylketonuria was evaluated and compared with our routine method based ...
Brownlee L - - 2000
Leukoreduction of blood products is a technique used to prevent leukocyte-induced transfusion reactions. Filters currently used for human blood products achieve at least a 99.9% reduction in leukocyte numbers per unit (450 mL) of blood. Goals of this study were to determine if a prestorage leukoreduction filter could effectively achieve ...
Matayoshi T - - 2000
The completely closed circuit system is the future direction of cardiopulmonary bypass because of its compactness and superior biocompatibility. The most serious obstacle for clinical application is the sucking of air bubbles into the drainage circuit. The purpose of this study was to remove the air bubbles from the drainage ...
Campino L - - 2000
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the polymerase chain reaction could be used to detect Leishmania infantum in peripheral blood spots of immunocompromised patients. Although visceral leishmaniasis in immunocompromised individuals is routinely diagnosed by direct microscopy or by culture of biopsy material, both methods have disadvantages. ...
Bjaerum S - - 2000
The filter used to separate blood signals from the tissue clutter signal is an important part of a color flow system. In this paper, statistical detection theory is used to evaluate the quality of the most commonly used clutter filters. The probability of falsely classifying a sample volume as containing ...
Couch G G - - 2000
The effectiveness of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter in preventing pulmonary embolism while preserving caval flow is significantly affected by its hemodynamic characteristics. Flow fields surrounding two types of IVC filters were compared to assess how the design of a filter may influence performance. The 12F Titanium Greenfield and ...
Erhardt E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the value of blood-spot 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) daily profiles and urinary steroid excretion in untreated and treated patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). PATIENTS: Ten patients with CAH were investigated during steroid replacement therapy (Group 1), and 11 patients were investigated without treatment (Group 2). METHODS: Capillary blood ...
Luque S - - 1999
The microfiltration performance of a novel membrane module design with helically wound hollow fibers is compared with that obtained with a standard commercial-type crossflow module containing linear hollow fibers. Cell suspensions (yeast, E. coli, and mammalian cell cultures) commonly clarified in the biotechnology industry are used for this comparison. The ...
Mueller X M - - 1999
Arterial line filters are now routinely used in cardiac surgery in order to decrease the microemboli load to the patient. The Quart filter (Jostra, Hirrlingen, Germany) with a new planar construction design, an easy de-airing system and an integrated bypass, was tested for air filtration capacity and resistance to blood ...
Hirakawa M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of four types of in-line filters on filtration rate, amphotericin B concentration and particulate matter. METHODS: Filtration rates of amphotericin B fluid through in-line filters under maximum gravity flow were examined. The concentrations of amphotericin B and the particulate matter in the non-filtered and filtered ...
Kivity S - - 1999
This study evaluated the effect of the Leukostop filter, a device which reduces the number of leukocytes in blood, on pulmonary function in 15 patients with thalassemia major. Spirometry and oxygen saturation were used to evaluate the influence of filtering the blood. The transfusions consisted of blood which had or ...
Sinha D - - 1999
Employing a 9-O-acetyl sialic acid binding lectin, Achatinin(H) (ATNH), we have reported a non-invasive, blood based lymphoproliferation assay which measures the maximal lymphoproliferative dose (MLD) of ATN(H) to assess the status of 9-O-acetylated sialoglycoconjugates (9-OAcSGs) in patients with Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (Mandal C, Sinha D, Sharma V, Bhattacharya DK. ...
O'Broin S D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Dried blood spots (DBS) on filter paper have been a successful and economical matrix for neonatal screening. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop and evaluate an optimized method for DBS folate analysis and to assess DBS folate stability. DESIGN: DBS were eluted from paper by sonication in 5 g ...
Ronco C - - 1999
Different high flux membranes have been recently developed. The present study is aimed at describing the technical features and the clinical performances of a new high flux polysulfone membrane (T-sulfone, Toray, Japan). The study has been carried out on two different dialyzers (surface area = 1.3 and 1.8 m2). The ...
Abdullah A H - - 1999
Capillary blood samples from three hundred healthy, full-term newborn within 48 and 120 hours of delivery, were collected on filter paper for analysis of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Blood was collected by pricking the heel of the newborn and spotted and dried on filter paper cards. The samples were analysed by ...
McDowell L M - - 1999
13C2H rotational echo double resonance NMR has been used to provide the first evidence for the formation of quinone-derived cross-links in mussel byssal plaques. Labeling of byssus was achieved by allowing mussels to filter feed from seawater containing L-[phenol-4-13C]tyrosine and L-[ring-d4]tyrosine for 2 days. Plaques and threads were harvested from ...
Tomimori-Yamashita J - - 1999
The authors studied 70 leprosy patients and 20 normal individuals, comparing the traditional sera collection method and the finger prick blood with the conservation on filter paper for specific antibodies against the native phenolic glycolipid-I (PGL-I) from Mycobacterium leprae. The finger prick blood dried on filter paper was eluated in ...
Mynster T - - 1999
Immunosuppression after transfusion may be related to the content of leucocytes in the transfused blood. Therefore we studied the effects of prestorage and bedside leucodepletion by filtration on the suppression by whole blood of in vitro stimulated tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) release. Nine units of whole blood were leucofiltered ...
Fabron Júnior A - - 1999
White cell (WBC)-reduction filters have been shown to be effective in removing infectious agents from infected blood products. In this study, the mechanisms of Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) retention by WBC-reduction filters were assessed. Human packed red blood cell (PRBC) and platelet concentrate (PC) samples were contaminated with T. cruzi ...
Richman D L - - 1999
Commercially available spray-dried protein sources were evaluated as replacement laboratory cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché), larval diets for slaughterhouse-collected heat-dried blood. Percentage of adult emergence of fleas reared on adult flea feces (87.7%) and spray-dried bovine blood (79%) did not significantly differ, and yeast supplementation did not significantly increase ...
Strauss W - - 1999
We have developed an ELISA for the diagnosis of human fascioliasis based on the detection of IgG4 antibodies to Fasciola hepatica cathepsin LI cysteine protease. Use of this assay in the Bolivian Altiplano, a region with a high prevalence of the disease, was hampered by the reluctance of the indigenous ...
Rashed M S - - 1999
For the past 30 years, neonatal screening programs have been performed largely by using the bacterial inhibition assays developed by Dr Robert Guthrie. These programs focused on a small number of diseases such as phenylketonuria and maple syrup urine disease and involved one test for each disease. During the same ...
Legler T J - - 1999
Leukocyte depleted blood components are frequently used to reduce alloimmunization and the risk of transfusion transmitted infection. Counting residual white blood cells in filtered blood products requires sensitive and reliable techniques. After separation of white blood cells from 500 microliters of 20 non-filtered and 54 filtered blood products we used ...
Bode H H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of 17 hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) determination in dried filter paper blood samples from patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency. It was hypothesized that these home samples would enhance patient treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Results of 17OHP determination in ...
Fukunaga K - - 1999
A totally new autotransfusion system has been developed utilizing a hollow fiber membrane, based upon plasmapheresis technology. Prior to fabricating the system, it was essential to evaluate the basic performance characteristics of the filter, which was designed particularly for the new system. The objective of this study was to prove ...
Panteleeff D D - - 1999
PCR is a highly sensitive method for the detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) nucleic acids in blood mononuclear cells and plasma. However, blood separation techniques require extensive laboratory support systems and are difficult when a limited volume of blood is available, which is often the case for ...
Pietersz R N - - 1998
It has long been recognized that allogenic leucocytes from donor blood are responsible for serious untoward effects in some transfused patients such as alloimmunization, febrile reactions, platelet refractoriness, transfusion associated acute lung injury, immunosuppression as well as transmission or reactivation of viruses such as CMV, HTLV or EBV. Leucocytes are ...
Hopkins J S - - 1998
The indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of anti-trypanosomal antibodies in bovine serum was adapted for use with dried blood spots on filter paper. Absorbance (450 nm) results for samples were expressed as percent positivity, i.e. percentage of the median absorbance result of four replicates of the strong ...
Dalén T - - 1998
Postoperatively filtered drain blood can be used for autotransfusion, but quality has been questioned. The blood contains activated or destroyed blood cells, debris, and chemicals from the wound. The ConstaVac autotransfusion system was used in 18 patients operated with a total knee prosthesis. Samples were taken from drain blood and ...
Alku P - - 1998
A new method is presented for the parameterization of glottal volume velocity waveforms that have been estimated by inverse filtering acoustic speech pressure signals. The new technique, Parameter for Spectral and Amplitude Features of the Glottal Flow (PSA), combines two features of voice production, the AC value and the spectral ...
Välimaa L - - 1998
This newly developed HLA-B27 assay combines a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from blood spot samples with solution hybridisation in microtitration plate and with time-resolved fluorometry (TRF) as the detection system. In a multiplex amplification reaction, the 144 base pair region of HLA-B27 alleles is amplified with allele-specific primers simultaneously with ...
Lin Z - - 1998
Three-dimensional gyrokinetic simulations of microturbulence in magnetically confined toroidal plasmas with massively parallel computers showed that, with linear flow damping, an asymptotic residual flow develops in agreement with analytic calculations. Nonlinear global simulations of instabilities driven by temperature gradients in the ion component of the plasma support the view that ...
Cook J D - - 1998
The present study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of using ferritin and transferrin receptor measurements on dried capillary blood spots to identify iron deficiency (ID) in public health surveys. Measurements on serum and blood spots prepared from venous blood were performed in 71 healthy subjects, 41 of whom were ...
Itoh M - - 1998
The Og4C3 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect circulating Wuchereria bancrofti antigen uses 50 microL of serum. In this study, a whole blood sample absorbed on filter paper was tested as a substitute for serum. Serum samples were obtained from 60 Sri Lankan subjects by venepuncture and finger-prick blood samples ...
Poyser K H - - 1998
Cystic fibrosis is a common disease of the Caucasian population and is associated with significant early mortality. We present a simple and rapid method for cystic fibrosis genotyping from filter paper blood spots, using a currently available commercial genotyping kit. Using multiplex technology, genotype information on the four most common ...
Cook A M - - 1998
Red blood cells and about 95% of white blood cells have an immediate and constant effect on the flow of undiluted or diluted blood through 5 microm filters. The remaining 5% of all leucocytes exert an increasing influence on flow such that the rate of flow of diluted and undiluted ...
GrUNbaum D - - 1998
Parallel tentacular structures with lateral cilia that produce suspension-feeding and respiratory flows occur repeatedly in many diverse taxonomic groups. We use a computational hydrodynamic model of flow through ciliated tentacles to simulate flow rates through ciliated tentacle arrays. We examine the functional relationship of one performance measure, flow rate per ...
Higashitani K - - 1998
A modified discrete element method in which the hydrodynamic contribution is taken into account is proposed to simulate the deformation and breakup process of coagulated particles in two-dimensional shear and elongational flows. The simulation was performed for aggregates of various sizes, constitutive particles and fractal dimensions, and the followings were ...
Diamandi A - - 1998
To facilitate broader applications of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) analysis, we developed procedures for their measurements in extracts of whole blood dried on filter paper. A single 8-mm diameter filter paper disc containing about 13 microL blood was used. IGFBP-3 was efficiently extracted in a ...
Lorch H - - 1998
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clot trapping capacity of different temporary vena cava filters in a vena cava model. METHODS: A vena cava flow model was built using PVC tubing, a hemodialysis membrane and a pulsatile pump. Blood was imitated by a Dextran 40 solution. Five different temporary vena cava filters ...
Kelly WJ - - 1998
Considerable debate has occurred over the use of hydrofoil impellers in large-scale fermentors to improve mixing and mass transfer in highly viscous non-Newtonian systems. Using a computational fluid dynamics software package (Fluent, version 4.30) extensive calculations were performed to study the effect of impeller speed (70-130 rpm), broth rheology (value ...
Jafri H S - - 1998
An enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) assay was used to study the prevalence of cysticercosis in rural Bolivia. Dried blood spots on filter paper from fingersticks were used as assay samples. Before the serosurvey, experiments were performed to show that samples eluted from dried whole blood on filter paper exhibited no ...
Lindmark K - - 1998
We tested a new routine to eliminate leukocytes for blood rheology measurements using commercial leukocyte absorbing filters (here PALL RC400). These filters were punched out and fitted in smaller chambers through which blood was filtered under controlled suction pressure (< 30 mm Hg). This technique resulted in a very effective ...
Cook A M - - 1998
A filtrometer is described for measuring the flow of fluids through microfilters. The flow of Newtonian fluids through the filters can be predicted from the diameter, length and number of pores. There are no physical artefacts such as turbulent flow or a significant lag period before steady-state flow is achieved. ...
Mueller B J - - 1998
The effect of filtration on the particulate load in ViaSpan cold-storage solution was studied. Commercially available inline blood transfusion filters (SQ40S, Pall Biomedical) were inserted into the delivery-set port of polyvinyl chloride bags of ViaSpan (DuPont Merck Pharmaceutical). Particles in samples collected in particle-free vials before and after filtration were ...
Lisovskaya I L - - 1998
The results of filtration assays provide estimates of the deformability of erythrocytes averaged over the entire suspension. These assays do not distinguish whether the entire population or only its small fraction exhibits abnormal rheological properties. We developed a simple method using a filtrometer to determine the percentage of non-filterable (under ...
Heggie A J - - 1998
It is now widely acknowledged that autologous leucocytes are inappropriately activated during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Removal of these activated leucocytes has been proposed as a clinical intervention. Several papers have recently reported benefits of systemic leucocyte depletion during CPB. There is also evidence that leucocyte-depleted blood cardioplegia is advantageous in ...
Yaprak I - - 1998
Removal of white blood cells (WBCs) from blood components before transfusion by filters with at least 3 log10 depletion may prevent or delay leukocyte-associated transfusion reactions such as HLA alloimmunization, non-hemolytic febrile reactions, transmitted infections (e.g., CMV, HTLV-1), and immunomodulation. The aim of this study was to compare the leukocyte ...
Dhondt J L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To develop a standard preparation for measurement of phenylalanine in blood spots in phenylketonuria against which manufacturers of kits for phenylalanine determination could calibrate their own blood spot calibrators. METHODS: As most of the variation of phenylalanine concentration in dried blood spots is due to the way the blood ...
Strobel E - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We tested dried blood from an ABO bedside test card which had been stored at room temperature for 12 years, to prove that a patient with HIV-1 infection had been infected by blood transfusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunoblots for HIV-1 antibodies and threefold PCRs with half-nested primers ...
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