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Belloni Virginia - - 2014
It was previously demonstrated that alanine aminotransferase (ALAT, EC 2.6.1.2) participates in maintaining the alanine-proline cycle between flight muscles and fat body during Aedes aegypti flight. ALAT is also actively involved in the metabolism of ammonia in A. aegypti. Here, we investigated the survival and behavioral costs of ALAT inhibition ...
Wang Tie-Gong TG From the Hepatobiliary Department (R.-H.L., F.-S.L., R.-R.S.) and Radiology Department (S.-J.Y.), Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou City, Hebei Province; and Hepatobiliary Department (T.-G. W., J.-H. D), Beijing 301 Hospital, Beijing City, People's Republic of - - 2014
Juxtahepatic vena cava (JHC) injury is difficult to handle because of JHC injury's specific position and liver obstruction. The traditional shunt method initially appeared to be useful but ultimately failed. Simple and effective methods are needed to solve it. Firstly, the clinical data, including the computed tomography images, of 120 ...
Ginther O J OJ Eutheria Foundation, Cross Plains, Wisconsin, USA; Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
An intraovarian positive physiologic coupling between the extant CL and the ipsilateral preovulatory follicle (PF) or the future or established postovulatory dominant follicle (DF) was studied in 26 heifers. Ovaries were scanned by ultrasonic imaging from Day 16 (Day 0 = ovulation) of the preovulatory period until Day 6 of the postovulatory ...
Li Y Y Institute of Movement and Training Science II, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, - - 2014
A fixed blood lactate value of 4 mM was commonly used to calculate workload at maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) in kayaking. Our purpose was to measure the actual blood lactate value at MLSS and workload at MLSS in kayaking and assess the validity of using a fixed blood lactate value ...
Karimi Roxanne R Stony Brook University, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary recommendations for seafood are confusing due to the desire to balance both benefits from nutrients and risks from contaminants. The overall health value of different fish and shellfish items depends on concentrations of multiple nutrients (e.g., selenium (Se), omega-3 fatty acids) and contaminants (e.g., mercury (Hg)). However, few studies ...
Rowse Linnea M LM School of Environment & Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, 2021 Coffey Rd., Columbus, OH 43210, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
A prevalent environmental contaminant, mercury (Hg) is mobile and persistent in aquatic systems, where it often occurs in its bioavailable form methylmercury. Because methylmercury can bioaccumulate in aquatic insects and then transfer to terrestrial food webs, riparian consumers reliant upon aquatic emergent insects, should be disproportionately affected. Using the aerial ...
Karimi Roxanne R Stony Brook University, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mercury (Hg) exposure from seafood continues to be a public health concern due to health effects from elevated exposure, increasing worldwide seafood consumption, and continued Hg inputs into the environment. Elevated Hg exposure can occur in populations with specialized diets of sport-caught freshwater fish. However, we need a better understanding ...
Kalavagunta Chaitanya C Center of Magnetic Resonance Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, - - 2014
In vitro T1 and T2 (*) relaxivities (r1 and r2 (*) ) of Gd-DTPA (GaD) in oxygenated human venous blood (OVB) and aqueous solution (AS) at 3 and 7 T were calculated. GaD concentrations ([GaD]) in OVB and AS were prepared in the range 0-5 mM. All measurements were acquired at 37 ± 2 °C. ...
Okamoto Masahiro - - 2014
Vitrectomy markedly alters the intraocular milieu, which can then affect the physiology of the retina and choroid. This study investigates whether vitrectomy also alters ocular blood flow as determined by laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG). Twenty eyes of 20 patients that underwent vitrectomy for idiopathic macular hole or epiretinal membrane were ...
Saghiri Mohammad Ali MA Department of Dental Material, Dental School, Azad University (Tehran Branch), Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
To measure the levels of heavy metals (Hg, Sn) in the dental pulp and blood samples of patients with long-term amalgam restorations. 12 amalgam restored and 12 non-restored, sound teeth were chosen and access cavity preparation to the pulp chamber was made. The contents were transferred and dissolved in 5mL ...
Hansen Cristina M CM 1  Department of Biology and Wildlife, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 101 Murie Building, 982 N. Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, - - 2014
Abstract Whole blood (WB) is commonly used to assess mercury (Hg) exposure in mammals, but handling and shipping samples collected in remote areas can be difficult. We describe and validate use of cellulose filter paper (FP) for quantifying WB total Hg concentration. Advantec Nobuto® FP was soaked with bottlenose dolphin ...
Craig P P Oswestry/Stoke Orthopaedic Training Programme, Postgraduate Office, Institute of Orthopaedics, The Robert Jones & Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Oswestry, Shropshire SY10 7AG, - - 2014
The issues surrounding raised levels of metal ions in the blood following large head metal-on-metal total hip replacement (THR), such as cobalt and chromium, have been well documented. Despite the national popularity of uncemented metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) THR using a large-diameter femoral head, few papers have reported the levels of metal ...
Espín Silvia - - 2013
Mercury (Hg) is a global pollutant that bioaccumulates and biomagnifies in food chains, and is associated with adverse effects in both humans and wildlife. The Hg levels detected in blood obtained from Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) chicks in Southeast Spain (Murcia) can be considered low (mean Hg concentration in blood ...
Basu Sriparna - - 2013
Background:The study tested the hypothesis that hyperoxemia and hypoxemia differentially alter cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) in a gestational-age dependent manner.Methods:Cases comprised 98 neonates with mild respiratory distress, receiving oxygen for >24 hours in first 48 hours of life. Ninety-eight age-and-weight-matched healthy neonates served as controls. Infants with perinatal asphyxia, ...
Schmid Christina - - 2013
Abstract Background: The partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) in blood samples can affect glucose measurements with oxygen-sensitive systems. In this study, we assessed the influence of different pO2 levels on blood glucose (BG) measurements with five glucose oxidase (GOD) systems and one glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) system. All selected GOD systems ...
Taccone Fabio Silvio - - 2013
Alterations in cerebral microvascular blood flow may develop during sepsis, but the consequences of these abnormalities on tissue oxygenation and metabolism are not well defined. We studied the evolution of microvascular blood flow, brain oxygen tension (PbO2), and metabolism in a clinically relevant animal model of septic shock. Prospective randomized ...
Maddison Liivi - - 2013
The purpose of the study is to clarify whether increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is associated with sublingual microcirculatory alterations in intensive care patients. Fifteen adult, mechanically ventilated patients were included if their IAP was at least 12 mm Hg for at least 12 hours within the first 3 days after ...
Eatwell K - - 2013
A retrospective study compared invasive (arterial blood gas analysis) and non-invasive (capnography and pulse oximetry) methods of monitoring respiratory function in conscious rabbits. Arterial samples from 50 healthy dwarf lop rabbits, presenting for routine surgical neutering, were analysed on a point-of-care blood gas analysis machine. Reference intervals were obtained for ...
Kotzki Sylvain - - 2013
The treatment of systemic sclerosis-related digital ulcers is challenging. While the only effective drugs are prostacyclin analogues, their use is limited by vasodilation-related adverse reactions. In this study we assessed the local iontophoresis administration of three soluble guanylate cyclase (A-350619, SIN-1 and CFM 1571) and two non-prostanoid prostaglandin I2 (prostacyclin) ...
Eom Sang-Yong - - 2013
Mercury (Hg) is a nonessential and toxic metal that is widely distributed in the environment. This study was performed to estimate the representative blood Hg level, to determine the contributing factors to Hg exposure, and to analyze the association of blood Hg with metabolic syndrome in Korean adults. Mercury exposure ...
Rothenberg Sarah E - - 2013
Maternal hair and blood were investigated as biomarkers for prenatal methylmercury (MeHg) exposure among seventeen mothers recruited at parturition in Wanshan, Guizhou Province, China, where rice ingestion was the primary MeHg exposure pathway and atmospheric mercury (Hg) levels were elevated. For all three trimesters (n = 51), hair total Hg (THg) and ...
Weber Helmut P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Growth and sizes of lesions produced during catheter ablation is difficult to control. Laser lesion formation was evaluated during various flow rates and energy settings by using an open-irrigated laser catheter on a thigh-muscle dog model. METHODS: Laser radiation at 15 W or was applied in blood for 10 ...
Raygoza-Viera J R - - 2013
Hg was analyzed in seven tissues of 52 common shoveler Anas clypeata collected from the coast of SE Gulf of California. Mean Hg concentrations were highest in the liver (2,885 ng g(-1)) and lowest in the gizzard (621 ng g(-1)); they followed the order: liver, feathers > muscle tissue and tissues of the circulatory ...
Alvárez C Rodríguez - - 2013
Total mercury (Hg), monomethylmercury (MeHg), and selenium (Se) were determined in blood of 11 bird species living in Doñana National Park (DNP, Southwestern Spain) and the surrounding area in 1999 and 2000 after a mine spill accident. The total Hg contents found varied from 1.00 to 587 ng/mL, with an MeHg ...
Wu Meiqin - - 2013
Mercury (Hg) is a well-known neurotoxicant. Hg exposure at high levels can harm individuals of all ages. Even low level exposure to Hg can damage the brain of fetuses and young children, and affect their central nervous system and cognitive development. The aims of our study were to measure total ...
Burgansky-Eliash Zvia - - 2013
The Retinal Function Imager (RFI) (Optical Imaging Ltd., Rehovot, Israel) measures retinal blood flow velocity non-invasively. The authors studied the reproducibility of these measurements and assessed the effect of physiological components on them. Sixty-seven individuals with no retinal pathology were recruited. Velocity reproducibility was verified by comparing repeated RFI measurements. ...
Tanomaru-Filho Mario - - 2013
The present study evaluated the radiopacity and flow of different endodontic sealers: AH Plus, Endo CPM, MTA Fillapex, Sealapex, Epiphany, and Epiphany SE. For the radiopacity test, six specimens measuring 10 mm in diameter and 1 mm in thickness were fabricated from each material. They were radiographed on an occlusal ...
Ardiaca María - - 2013
This article outlines a practical approach for the use of blood-gas analysis in pet rabbits using the I-STAT analyzer. Sampling techniques and a theoretic approach to diagnosis are described. The following 95% RI were obtained from venous samples of 45 healthy rabbits: pH (7.245-7.533), PCO(2) (28.9-52.9 mm Hg), HCO(3) (17.0-32.5 ...
Schewe Rebecca E - - 2012
Current thoracic artificial lungs (TALs) have blood flow impedances greater than the natural lungs, which can result in abnormal pulmonary hemodynamics. This study investigated the impedance and gas transfer performance of a compliant TAL (cTAL). Fluid-structure interaction analysis was performed using ADINA (ADINA R&D Inc., Watertown, MA) to examine the ...
Townsend Jason M - - 2012
Despite growing concerns over mercury (Hg) exposure to humans and wildlife on a global scale, little is known about Hg bioaccumulation in the New World tropics. From 2005 to 2011, we monitored Hg concentrations in blood of nine avian species occupying a geographic range of tropical wet broadleaf sites on ...
McKay Jennifer L - - 2012
Mercury (Hg) adversely affects the health and behavior of exposed wildlife; however, behavioral effects remain largely unknown. Changes in avian singing behavior may affect a male's fitness because song reveals male quality and thus influences female mate choice and male territory-holding ability. Nelson's sparrows (Ammodramus nelsoni) live exclusively on salt ...
Burgansky-Eliash Zvia - - 2012
The Retinal Function Imager (RFI) (Optical Imaging Ltd., Rehovot, Israel) measures retinal blood flow velocity non-invasively. The authors studied the reproducibility of these measurements and assessed the effect of physiological components on them. Sixty-seven individuals with no retinal pathology were recruited. Velocity reproducibility was verified by comparing repeated RFI measurements. ...
Renzaho A M N - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a knowledge questionnaire about blood donation in African migrant communities in Australia, which is applicable to other communities, and to assess the relationship between the demographic and socio-economic characteristics and knowledge of the African migrant community. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey of 425 African migrants ...
Pinot Mathieu - - 2012
In vivo, F-actin flows are observed at different cell life stages and participate in various developmental processes during asymmetric divisions in vertebrate oocytes, cell migration, or wound healing. Here, we show that confinement has a dramatic effect on F-actin spatiotemporal organization. We reconstitute in vitro the spontaneous generation of F-actin ...
Daves Massimo - - 2012
We describe an unusual case of a primary evacuated blood collection tube with floating separator gel, which has been collected from a 50-year-old man submitted to a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The sample was collected from the femoral artery in a primary evacuated blood collection tube containing lithium-heparin. After centrifugation ...
Kawano Makoto - - 2012
A new two-dimensional micro-flow magnetophoresis device was constructed in a superconducting magnet (10 T) using triangular shaped pole pieces, which could apply a magnetic strength, B(dB/dx), in the range of ca. 0-14,000 T(2) m(-1) across a capillary cell. Polystyrene particles with diameters of 1, 3, and 6 μm were used as test samples in ...
Ferri Marcella - - 2012
Irradiation with 20-25 kGy is a process commonly used for sterilizing poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) medical devices. Moreover, whole blood and blood components undergo additional irradiation with 25-50 Gy to inhibit the proliferative capacity of lymphocytes and reduce the risk of transfusion-associated graft-vs-host disease (GVHD). Di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) plasticized PVC is extensively ...
Durack Jeremy C - - 2012
Transcatheter occlusion of high-flow arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) or arteriovenous fistulas may be complicated by migration of embolic materials intended to impede flow. Reducing antegrade flow during catheter embolization via balloon occlusion or inhibiting migration with anchoring devices may improve procedural safety in high-flow settings. We describe the use of an ...
Singh Rajveer - - 2012
Low permeability regions such as clay lenses are difficult to remediate using conventional treatment methods. Bacterial chemotaxis (directed migration toward a contaminant source) may be helpful in enhancing bioremediation of such contaminated sites. This study experimentally simulates a two-dimensional dual-permeability groundwater contamination scenario using a microfluidic device (MFD) and evaluates ...
Dewailly Eric - - 2012
To assess the efficacy of a public health intervention to reduce blood mercury (Hg) concentration levels in pregnant Bermudian women. In 2003, we conducted a study entitled "Prenatal exposure of the Bermudian Population to Environmental Contaminants" which provided Bermuda's first baseline data on prenatal exposure to several environmental contaminants, including ...
Lacar Benjamin - - 2012
The postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) contains proliferating neural progenitor cells in close proximity to blood vessels. Insults and drug treatments acutely stimulate cell proliferation in the SVZ, which was assessed by labeling cells entering S phase. Although G1-to-S progression is metabolically demanding on a minute-to-hour time scale, it remains unknown ...
Chen Qi - - 2012
The brain blood vasculature consists of a highly ramified vessel network that is tailored to meet its physiological functions. How the brain vasculature is formed has long been fascinating biologists. Here we report that the developing vasculature in the zebrafish midbrain undergoes not only angiogenesis but also extensive vessel pruning, ...
Hauck B - - 2011
Antibodies against the human neutrophil antigens (HNA) are able to stimulate transfusion reactions, autoimmune and neonatal neutropenia. The aim of this study was to determine the HNA allele frequencies in the largest ethnic minority group in Germany in comparison with the German population for predicting the risk of alloimmunization and ...
Pillonel Josiane - - 2011
BACKGROUND: A recent case-control study showed that transfusion recipients were at an increased risk of developing sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD), suggesting that blood donors with silent preclinical sCJD could transmit the sCJD agent. We therefore estimated the annual number of French blood donors expected to have preclinical sCJD at the ...
Drackley Adam - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Given an aging population that requires increased medical care, an increasing number of deferrals from the donor pool, and a growing immigrant population that typically has lower donation rates, the purpose of this article is to forecast Ontario's blood supply and demand. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We calculate age- ...
Alexakis Alexandros - - 2011
The growth rate of the dynamo instability as a function of the magnetic Reynolds number R_{_{M}} is investigated by means of numerical simulations for the family of the Arnold-Beltrami-Childress (ABC) flows and for two different forcing scales. For the ABC flows that are driven at the largest available length scale, ...
Maher Kevin O - - 2011
: To review our experience with bedside angiography in order to demonstrate the utility of this technique for evaluation of blood vessels in the critically ill patient. : Retrospective review. : Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit at a children's hospital. : Five patients aged 5 days to 17 yrs in ...
Yang Yong - - 2011
Observations of atmospheric-pressure dielectric barrier discharge are conducted through a water-filled electrode in atmospheric-pressure argon gas flow. Quasi-symmetric self-organized discharge filaments were observed. The streamers moved with the gas flow, and the migration velocity increased with increasing gas velocity.
Mueller Casey A - - 2011
Abstract The ciliated epithelium of amphibian embryos produces a current within the perivitelline fluid of the egg that is important in the convective transfer of oxygen to the embryo's surface. The effects of convection on oxygen uptake and the immediate oxygen environment of the embryo were investigated in Pseudophryne bibronii. ...
Páez-Osuna F - - 2011
Mercury concentrations were assessed in the sea turtle Lepidochelys olivacea from a nesting colony of Oaxaca, Mexico; 25 female turtles were sampled, a total of 250 eggs were collected during the season 2005-2006. Higher concentrations were found in yolk fraction, while in blood and albumen mean levels were below of ...
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