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Nogami Yoshie Y Faculty of Medicine, Division of Clinical Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, - - 2014
Vector flow mapping (VFM) can be used to assess intraventricular hemodynamics quantitatively. This study assessed the magnitude of the suction flow kinetic energy with VFM and investigated the relation between left ventricular (LV) function and geometry in patients with an estimated elevated LV filling pressure. We studied 24 subjects with ...
Wong K K Bioengineering Program, San Diego State University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, San Diego, CA 92182-1323, United - - 2014
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support disrupts the natural blood flow path through the heart, introducing flow patterns associated with thrombosis, especially in the presence of medical devices. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the flow patterns in the left ventricle (LV) of the LVAD-assisted heart, with ...
Chen Ming - - 2013
Objectives- The diastolic intraventricular velocity difference represents diastolic function of the left ventricle (LV). Here we analyzed the LV diastolic intraventricular velocity difference in patients with impaired LV function based on the ventricular flow rate profile by vector flow mapping. Methods- Patients with LV diastolic dysfunction were divided into 2 ...
Hendabadi Sahar - - 2013
Novel processing of Doppler-echocardiography data was used to study blood transport in the left ventricle (LV) of six patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and six healthy volunteers. Bi-directional velocity field maps in the apical long axis of the LV were reconstructed from color-Doppler echocardiography. Resulting velocity field data were used to ...
Mangual Jan O - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The role of flow on the progression of left ventricular (LV) remodeling has been presumed, although measurements are still limited and the intraventricular flow pattern in remodeling hearts has not been evaluated in a clinical setting. Comparative evaluation of intraventricular fluid dynamics is performed here between healthy subjects and ...
Borazjani Iman - - 2013
The left ventricle (LV) pumps oxygenated blood from the lungs to the rest of the body through systemic circulation. The efficiency of such a pumping function is dependent on blood flow within the LV chamber. It is therefore crucial to accurately characterize LV hemodynamics. Improved understanding of LV hemodynamics is ...
Föll Daniela - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of age, gender, physiological, and global cardiac function parameters on differences in normal 3D blood flow in the left ventricle (LV) and atrium (LA) using 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Four-dimensional flow MRI was acquired ...
Kojima Takanori - - 2012
Echo-dynamography (EDG) is a method for visualizing left ventricular (LV) blood flow based on cardiac Doppler measurement in which blood flow component perpendicular to the ultrasonic beam is deduced by applying fluid dynamics theories to two-dimensional (2D) distribution of blood flow component along the ultrasonic beam. EDG has been validated ...
Jahrome Ommid Kh - - 2011
Introduction: The primary patency rate of arteriovenous (AV) grafts is limited by distal venous anastomosis stenosis or occlusion due to intimal hyperplasia associated with distal graft turbulence. The normal blood flow in native arteries is spiral laminar flow. Standard vascular grafts do not produce spiral laminar flow at the distal ...
Heidt Sebastiaan - - 2011
Currently, acute allograft rejection can only be detected reliably by deterioration of graft function confirmed by allograft biopsy. A huge drawback of this method of diagnosis is that substantial organ damage has already taken place at the time that rejection is diagnosed. Discovering and validating noninvasive biomarkers that predict acute ...
Piilgaard Henning - - 2011
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is associated with mitochondrial depolarization, increasing intracellular Ca(2+), and the release of free fatty acids, which favor opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) and activation of calcineurin (CaN). Here, we test the hypothesis that cyclosporine A (CsA), which blocks both mPTP and CaN, ameliorates ...
Premasuthan A - - 2011
Rhesus macaques are the most common nonhuman primate model organism used in biomedical research. Their increasingly frequent use as subjects in studies involving transplantation requires that blood and other tissue antigens of donors and recipients be compatible. We report here an easy and rapid multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to ...
Rosenthal Joseph - - 2011
The controversy surrounding private banking of umbilical cord blood units (CBU), as a safeguard against future malignancy or other life-threatening conditions, raises many questions in pediatric clinical practice. Recent favorable experiences with autologous transplantation for severe aplastic anemia using privately stored CBU, suggested a possible utility. While private banking is ...
Erdem S Remzi - - 2011
To bring further insight into the mechanism of cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced hepatotoxicity, the acute effect of CsA on local hepatic blood flow (LHBF) and its association with systemic hemodynamics, histopathological and biochemical indicators of liver toxicity were studied in guinea pigs in vivo. The association of endothelin (ET) and/or Cremophor-EL ...
Luo Gaoxing - - 2011
PURPOSE: To improve the accuracy of blood loss estimation during extensive escharectomy and auto-microskin grafting on extremities in adult male major burn patients. METHOD: All adult male major burn patients admitted to our center who underwent extensive escharectomy and auto-microskin graft on extremities for more than 10%TBSA during the period ...
Durro Vjollca - - 2011
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) was among the first virus known to be transmitted by blood and blood productions. The objective of this study is to determine the trend of hepatitis B virus in blood donors. In this study 79274 blood donors were retrospectively evaluated for HBsAg. The donors were selected ...
Hollander Zsuzsanna - - 2010
Acute rejection is still a significant barrier to long-term survival of the allograft. Current acute rejection diagnostic methods are not specific enough or are invasive. There have been a number of studies that have explored the blood or the biopsy to discover genomic biomarkers of acute rejection; however, none of ...
Howard J - - 2010
This article describes the results of spatial heterodyne Doppler "coherence imaging" of carbon ion flows in the divertor region of the DIII-D tokamak. Spatially encoded interferometric projections of doubly ionized carbon emission at 465 nm have been demodulated and tomographically inverted to obtain the spatial distribution of the carbon ion ...
Viswanathan Chandra - - 2010
There are reportedly more than 250,000 cord blood units [CBU] available in cord blood banks world over, yet, there are many who are unable to get a suitable match. Being the pioneer to set up the first and only public cord blood bank in India, we needed to strategize the ...
Alexander Anthony C - - 2011
Determination of total haemoglobin mass (Hb(mass)) via carbon monoxide (CO) depends critically on repeatable measurement of percent carboxyhaemoglobin (%HbCO) in blood with a hemoximeter. The main aim of this study was to determine, for an OSM3 hemoximeter, the number of replicate measures as well as the theoretical change in percent ...
Martin Michael P - - 2010
Selected blood chemistry and gas reference ranges for clinically healthy broiler breeder hens were established using CG8+ cartridges in an i-STAT handheld point-of-care clinical analyzer. Samples from 165 hens (25-36 wk of age), representing three broiler breeder strains reared by four integrators, were evaluated. A standardized sampling technique was developed ...
Guo Limin - - 2010
Millimetre-sized mesoporous carbon spheres (MMCSs) with smooth surface and penetrating mesoporous channels have been successfully prepared by an emulsion-EISA technique, and are found to be a much better bilirubin adsorbent than commercial activated carbon spheres. Hemolysis and coagulation assays of MMCSs indicate that they have negligible hemolysis effect and do ...
Xie Shan - - 2011
A coupled microbial fuel cell (MFC) system comprising of an oxic-biocathode MFC (O-MFC) and an anoxic-biocathode MFC (A-MFC) was implemented for simultaneous removal of carbon and nitrogen from a synthetic wastewater. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the influent was mainly reduced at the anodes of the two MFCs; ammonium ...
Bisschops Laurens L A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Although mild hypothermia improves outcome in patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the cardiodepressive effects of hypothermia may lead to secondary brain damage. This study was performed to assess the cerebral blood flow, cerebral oxygen extraction, and cerebrovascular reactivity to changes in partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the arterial ...
Hassanzadeh Mohammad - - 2010
In order to investigate the relationship between carbon dioxide tensions in the venous blood of young chickens and ascites susceptibility, one hundred day-old chickens from two pure broiler breeder lines differing in susceptibility to ascites syndrome were obtained and reared at low environmental temperature. Weekly, blood samples were taken for ...
Baowan Duangkamon - - 2010
Experimental and predicted flow rates through carbon nanotubes vary considerably but generally are reported to be well in excess of that predicted by the conventional Poiseuille flow, and therefore nanotubes embedded in a matrix might provide membranes with exceptional mass transport properties. In this paper, applied mathematical modelling is undertaken ...
Mathur A - - 2010
We explored the hot embossing method for transferring vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into microfluidic channels, fabricated on poly-methyl-methacrylate (PMMA). Patterned and unpatterned CNTs were synthesized by microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition on silicon to work as a stamp. For hot embossing, 115 degrees C and 1 kN force for ...
Kasraian Leila - - 2010
the adequacy of blood depends on blood donation rates and numbers of blood donors. To prepare adequate blood supplies, it is essential to investigate the barriers and factors that stop individuals from donating. This study aimed to identify the causes of lapsed donation at our center. cross-sectional study of volunteer ...
Moss Adam M - - 2010
Topical hypotensive therapy with both timolol and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors has been shown to be efficacious at reducing intraocular pressure. Many prospective studies have also suggested that carbonic anhydrase inhibitors augment ocular blood flow and vascular regulation independent of their hypotensive effects. Although consistent in their findings, these studies must ...
McVicar J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension (TcPco(2)) monitors offer a non-invasive method of continuously measuring arterial carbon dioxide tensions. The concordance between the TcPco(2) measurement and the value obtained from arterial blood gas sampling (Paco(2)) was measured in patients attending the emergency department. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was performed ...
Lee Sang-Sup - - 2009
A brominated activated carbon (Darco Hg-LH) and cupric chloride-impregnated activated carbon (CuCl2-ACs) sorbent have been tested in a bench-scale entrained-flow reactor system which was developed for simulating in-flight mercury capture in ducts upstream of particulate matter control devices. The bench-scale experimental system has been operated with the conditions of a ...
Rodgers Michael - - 2009
This study investigated the performance of a horizontal-flow biofilm reactor in treating domestic-strength synthetic wastewater (SWW) under three hydraulic and chemical oxygen demand (COD) loading rates (phases 1 to 3) ranging from 152 L/m2 x d and 58.9 g COD/m2 x d to 497 L/m2 x d and 192.7 g ...
Kashiwagi Masayuki - - 2009
We report an autopsy case of a male welder in his thirties who was found dead in an exploded truck cabin. The roof, windows and doors of the cabin had been blown up to 50 metres away. An oxygen cylinder and an acetylene cylinder, both unexploded, were found in the ...
Sakata Derek J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: End tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO(2)) in non-intubated patients can be monitored using either sidestream or flow-through capnometry [Yamamori et al., J Clin Monit Comput 22(3):209-220, 2008]. The hypothesis of this validation study is that, flow-through capnometry will yield a more accurate estimate of ETCO(2) than sidestream capnometry when evaluated ...
Chang Tsu-Hua - - 2009
Ethylene (C2H4) and bioaerosol are commonly present in the inside atmosphere of postharvest fruit and vegetable storage facilities, which may affect the aging of postharvest fruit and human health. We have assessed the feasibility of chlorine dioxide (ClO2) as the scrubbing solution in a chemical scrubbing tower for simultaneously removing ...
Andreani M - - 2009
Carbonation of ultramafic rocks in geological reservoirs is, in theory, the most efficient way to trap CO2 irreversibly; however, possible feedback effects between carbonation reactions and changes in the reservoir permeability must be considered to realistically assess the efficiency and sustainability of this process. We investigated changes in the hydrodynamic ...
Siesky Brent - - 2009
The purpose of this literature review and meta-analysis was to determine what, if any, effects topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors have on ocular hemodynamics in humans. A literature review and meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors on ocular blood flow. Thirty-five articles were evaluated according ...
Hildebrandt Katharina - - 2009
Growing evidence indicates that ambient air pollution is associated with exacerbation of chronic diseases like chronic pulmonary disease. A prospective panel study was conducted to investigate short-term changes of blood markers of inflammation and coagulation in response to daily changes in air pollution in Erfurt, Germany. 12 clinical visits were ...
Li Jia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Carbon dioxide is suggested to increase oxygen delivery after the Norwood procedure. We sought to quantitatively define the effects of stepwise increases in arterial carbon dioxide tension on systemic oxygen transport and cerebral and splanchnic circulation after the Norwood procedure. METHODS: Seven sedated, paralyzed, and mechanically ventilated neonates were ...
Horváth Béla - - 2008
The heme oxygenase (HO)-carbon monoxide pathway was earlier shown to increase hypothalamic blood flow after inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis in rats. We hypothesized that this effect is mediated by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Inhibition of constitutive HO activity decreased cerebral PGE2 production and simultaneously increased hypothalamic nitric oxide synthase (NOS) ...
Bernardi L - - 2008
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may develop hypercapnia and hypoxia, two main determinants of cerebral blood flow. The current authors tested whether cerebrovascular regulation was altered in mild COPD, modified by manoeuvres acutely improving autonomic cardiovascular modulation or influenced by smoking habit. In 15 eucapnic normoxic mild COPD ...
Wang Wen-Yu - - 2008
A photocatalytic membrane supported on a porous ceramic tube was described, in which permeation of solutes through the membrane and tube and photocatalytic reaction occur simultaneously. In this photocatalytic membrane reactor, TiO(2) catalyst was coated on the surface of a porous ceramic tube and all experiments were conducted in one ...
Lee Jin-Kyun - - 2008
A high yielding, batch mode synthesis of diaryl ethers and sulfides by an S(N)Ar fluoride-mediated process in scCO(2) has been developed; the use of a polymer-supported imidazolium fluoride reagent in batch mode led to the development of a fixed-bed continuous flow process, with high conversions.
Chen Jing - - 2008
A Xanthomonas sp. was isolated from the sludge on the drain outlet of a pharmaceutical factory. Then, the bacterium and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were co-attached to an oxygen electrode for rapid analysis of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). The response current was linear with BOD values in the range 10 to ...
Thomas John A - - 2008
Pressure-driven water flow through carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with diameters ranging from 1.66 to 4.99 nm is examined using molecular dynamics simulation. The flow rate enhancement, defined as the ratio of the observed flow rate to that predicted from the no-slip Hagen-Poiseuille relation, is calculated for each CNT. The enhancement decreases ...
Rattanapan Cheerawit - - 2009
A biofiltration system with sulfur oxidizing bacteria immobilized on granular activated carbon (GAC) as packing materials had a good potential when used to eliminate H(2)S. The sulfur oxidizing bacteria were stimulated from concentrated latex wastewater with sulfur supplement under aerobic condition. Afterward, it was immobilized on GAC to test the ...
Pollack Judith K - - 2008
Nutrient starvation is a common occurrence for filamentous fungi. To better understand the effects of starvation, we used a parallel plate flow chamber to study individual fungal mycelia when subjected to a step change in glucose concentration. We report the presence of a finite "lag time" in starved mycelia during ...
Müller Anne-Kathrin - - 2008
Flow regulators are added to solid pharmaceutical formulations to improve the flow properties of the powder mixtures. The primary particles of the flow regulators exist in the form of huge agglomerates which are broken down into smaller aggregates during the blending process. These smaller aggregates adsorb at the surface of ...
Fan Jui-Lin - - 2008
The influence of severe passive heat stress and hypohydration (Hypo) on cardiorespiratory and cerebrovascular function is not known. We hypothesized that 1) heating-induced hypocapnia and peripheral redistribution of cardiac output (Q) would compromise blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery (MCAv) and cerebral oxygenation; 2) Hypo would exacerbate the ...
Sanchez F - - 2009
Many secondary materials are being considered for use as substitutes for natural aggregates in highway applications due to their suitable engineering and economic properties. During the design life of the application, recycled materials are exposed to freeze/thaw cycles and other aging processes such as carbonation, coupled with intermittent infiltration/wetting by ...
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