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Haklová-Ko Íková Bo Ena - - 2014
BackgroundBlood parasites of the genus Karyolysus Labbé, 1894 (Apicomplexa: Adeleida: Karyolysidae) represent the protozoan haemogregarines found in various genera of lizards, including Lacerta, Podarcis, Darevskia (Lacertidae) and Mabouia (Scincidae). The vectors of parasites are gamasid mites from the genus Ophionyssus.MethodsA total of 557 individuals of lacertid lizards were captured in ...
Jackson Allyson K AK Biodiversity Research Institute, 276 Canco Road, Portland, ME, 04103, USA, - - 2014
Mercury (Hg) is a globally distributed environmental contaminant with a variety of deleterious effects in fish, wildlife, and humans. Breeding songbirds may be useful sentinels for Hg across diverse habitats because they can be effectively sampled, have well-defined and small territories, and can integrate pollutant exposure over time and space. ...
Krajacich Benjamin J BJ Arthropod-Borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado; Department of Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado; Special Programs, Infoscitex Corporation, Waltham, Massachusetts; The Liberian Institute for Biomedical Research, Monrovia, Liberia; Vector Biology Research Program Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt; Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso - - 2014
In this study, we characterize the ability of the previously described Infoscitex tent (IST) to capture mosquitoes in comparison to either the Centers for Disease Control Light Trap hung next to individuals under a bed net (LTC) or to human landing catches (HLC). In Senegal, the IST caught 6.14 times ...
Duscher Georg - - 2014
BackgroundThe red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is a widespread species, harbouring many pathogens relevant for humans and pets. Indeed, Anaplasma spp., Ehrlichia canis and Rickettsia spp. among the bacteria and Hepatozoon canis as well as Babesia sp. among the parasites have been the focus of several studies.FindingsIn a cohort of 36 ...
Kooyman Gerald G University of California at San Diego - - 2014
The diving physiology of aquatic animals at sea began 50 years ago with studies of the Weddell seal. Even today with the advancements in marine recording and tracking technology, only a few species are suitable for investigation. The first experiments were in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Following are examples of what ...
Seriani Robson R Laboratório de Investigação Médica - LIM 05-Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil; Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisa em Ecotoxicologia Aquática - Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP - Campus do Litoral Paulista, São Vicente, SP, Brasil; Pós Graduação em Educação Ambiental da Universidade de Guarulhos UnG - Guarulhos, São Paulo, Brasil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The biomonitoring of fish using biomarkers represents a useful tool for the assessment of aquatic pollution. This study evaluated the sublethal toxic effects of aquatic pollution on fish collected from a site contaminated by metals. Water and fish (Oreochromis niloticus) samples were collected from a pond in the Parque Ecológico ...
Gounand Isabelle I Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, Université Montpellier 2, CNRS, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, CC 065, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, - - 2014
Abstract The paradox of enrichment has been studied almost exclusively within communities or metacommunities, without explicit nutrient dynamics. Yet local recycling of materials from enriched ecosystems may affect the stability of connected ecosystems. Here we study the effect of nutrient, detritus, producer, and consumer spatial flows-combined with changes in regional ...
Baršienė Janina J Nature Research Centre, Akademijos 2, 08412, Vilnius, - - 2015
Nuclear bud (NB) formation was investigated in blood erythrocytes of 1892 flounder Platichthys flesus, herring Clupea harengus, and eelpout Zoarces viviparus specimens that were collected at 82 sites representing different regions of the Baltic Sea in 2009-2011. This is the first attempt to evaluate the baseline levels of NB and ...
Brugnoni Lorena I LI a PLAPIQUI (UNS-CONICET) , Bahía Blanca , - - 2014
The aim of the present work was to investigate the in situ rheological behavior of yeast biofilms growing on stainless steel under static and turbulent flow. The species used (Rhodototula mucilaginosa, Candida krusei, Candida kefyr and Candida tropicalis) were isolated from a clarified apple juice industry. The flow conditions impacted ...
McLaughlin Gregory - - 2014
The species identification of a blood stain is an important and immediate challenge for forensic science, veterinary purposes, and wildlife preservation. The current methods used to identify the species of origin of a blood stain are limited in scope and destructive to the sample. We have previously demonstrated that Raman ...
Zhou Xiaofan X Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA - - 2014
Many mosquito species serve as vectors of diseases such as malaria and yellow fever, wherein pathogen transmission is tightly associated with the reproductive requirement of taking vertebrate blood meals. Toxorhynchites is one of only three known mosquito genera that does not host-seek and initiates egg development in the absence of ...
Nasiri Vahid V Department of Parasitology, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Karaj, Alborz, Iran; Departments of Parasitology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known of the parasitic fauna of terrestrial snakes in Iran. This study aimed to evaluate the parasitic infection rates of snakes in Iran. A total of 87 Snakes belonging to 8 different species, that were collected between May 2012 and September 2012 and died after the hold in ...
Cortés-Gómez Adriana A AA Área de Toxicología, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Murcia, Campus Espinardo, E-30071 Murcia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Concentrations of eight metals and metalloids (Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn, Mn, Se, Ni and As) were evaluated from 41 nesting females (blood) and 13 dead (tissues) Olive Ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea), a species classified as vulnerable and also listed in Appendix I of the Convention of International Trade in Endangered ...
Mustonen Anne-Mari AM University of Eastern Finland, Faculty of Science and Forestry, Department of Biology, P.O. Box 111, FI-80101, Joensuu, Finland; University of Eastern Finland, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Institute of Biomedicine/Anatomy, P.O. Box 1627, FI-70211, Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Metamorphosis and diet often influence fatty acid (FA) signatures (FAS) of insects. We investigated FAS in a hematophagous ectoparasite, the deer ked (Lipoptena cervi). Deer keds shed their wings upon attachment on the host and, thus, the FAS of an individual blood-fed imago/pupa in the fur of its host can ...
Rjeibi M R MR Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Université de la Manouba, École Nationale de Médecine Vétérinaire de Sidi Thabet, Sidi Thabet, - - 2014
Theileria lestoquardi is the most prominent Theileria species in small ruminants that causes malignant theileriosis of sheep in Africa and Asia. In the present survey, blood samples and ticks were collected in Kebili (southern Tunisia) from 166 Queue Fine de l'Ouest sheep. Giemsa-stained blood smears, immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and ...
Shapiro Orr H OH http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3222-9809 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139; Department of Plant Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel; orrshapiro@gmail.com - - 2014
The exchange of nutrients and dissolved gasses between corals and their environment is a critical determinant of the growth of coral colonies and the productivity of coral reefs. To date, this exchange has been assumed to be limited by molecular diffusion through an unstirred boundary layer extending 1-2 mm from ...
Yaniv Sarit S Tel Aviv University, - - 2014
Suction-feeding is thought to be the primary mode of prey capture in most larval fishes. Similar to adult suction-feeders, larvae swim towards their prey while rapidly expanding their mouth cavity to generate an inward flow of water that draws the prey into the mouth. Although larvae are known to experience ...
Burnett Nicholas J NJ Fish Ecology and Conservation Physiology Laboratory, Department of Biology and Institute of Environmental Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6, Canada; 2Pacific Salmon Ecology and Conservation Laboratory, Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada; 3InStream Fisheries Research, Vancouver, British Columbia V5M 4V8, - - 2014
Abstract Wild riverine fishes are known to rely on burst swimming to traverse hydraulically challenging reaches, and yet there has been little investigation as to whether swimming anaerobically in areas of high flow can lead to delayed mortality. Using acoustic accelerometer transmitters, we estimated the anaerobic activity of anadromous adult ...
Rubio André V - - 2014
Hematology and serum biochemistry values were determined for 31 healthy captive and free-ranging Culpeo foxes (Lycalopex culpaeus) sampled in central Chile between 2008 and 2012. The influences of sex, age, and origin (captive versus free-ranging foxes) on the blood parameters were evaluated. The blood values determined were generally comparable to ...
Carneiro Maria Fernanda Hornos MF Laboratório de Toxicologia e Essencialidade de Metais, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto - USP, Avenida do Café, s/n, Monte Alegre, CEP 14040-903 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Thimerosal (TM) is an ethylmercury (etHg)-containing preservative used in some vaccines despite very limited knowledge on the kinetics and direct interaction/effects in mammals׳ tissues after exposure. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the kinetics of Hg species in mice in a time course analysis after intramuscular injection of TM, by ...
Cooper C A CA Department of Chemistry, Wilfrid Laurier University, 75 University Ave. West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3C5, Canada, - - 2014
Marine teleost fish secrete bicarbonate (HCO3 (-)) into the intestine to aid osmoregulation and limit Ca(2+) uptake by carbonate precipitation. Intestinal HCO3 (-) secretion is associated with an equimolar transport of protons (H(+)) into the blood, both being proportional to environmental salinity. We hypothesized that the H(+)-sensitive haemoglobin (Hb) system ...
Summers Carly F CF School of Agricultural, Forest, and Environmental Sciences, Clemson University, 261 Lehotsky Hall, Clemson, SC, 29634, USA, - - 2014
Levels of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) were investigated as potential stressors in nine species of breeding seabirds on Marion Island, South Africa. The majority of blood Pb levels (95 %) were below background exposure levels. Species was a significant factor in ranked means analysis for mean blood Pb levels. Fewer ...
Compaore A A Clinical Research Unit Nanoro, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Direction Régionale de l'Ouest, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina - - 2014
Most pregnant women in Burkina Faso are iron deficient and many are anemic. This study assessed women's understanding of anemia and the role of iron in preventing and treating this condition. A qualitative study was conducted within a randomized controlled trial of weekly iron supplementation in a rural malaria endemic ...
Zhang Xue-Chao XC Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The tick Ixodes persulcatus is the predominant tick species in Northeastern China, and it is a major vector in transmission of tick-borne diseases. By 16S rRNA Illumina sequencing, we investigated the microbiome of I. persulcatus and assessed the variation of the microbiome before and after blood feeding. The prolonged blood ...
Huang Susie Shih-Yin SS Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1N - - 2014
Selenium (Se) has been shown to antagonize mercury (Hg) toxicity. We have previously demonstrated that orally intubated selenomethionine (SeMet) and methylmercury (MeHg) reduced tissue Se accumulation, as well as blood and kidney Hg concentrations in juvenile white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus). However, the form of Se accumulated is not known. In ...
Reddy Yathapu Srinivasa YS Food and Drug Toxicology Research Center, National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Hyderabad, - - 2014
To determine lead (Pb) and trace element (Fe, Zn, Cu, Mg) levels in placenta, maternal and cord blood; further, to assess the interactions between Pb and trace elements, if any. A cluster of 'at term pregnant women' from rural and urban areas (n = 30 each, total n = 60) as well as their ...
Obi Ejeatuluchukwu E Faculty of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, - - 2014
Methylmercury is a neurodevelopmental toxicant that is globally distributed though little is known about prenatal exposures in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of the current study was to measure total mercury levels in cord blood and maternal blood from 95 mother-newborn pairs recruited from hospitals in Nnewi, Nigeria. The secondary aims ...
White Linda K LK Indiana Blood Center, Indianapolis, - - 2014
Here we describe the design and management of Indiana Blood Center's 10-year Iron For Women program, an ongoing community blood center-based program with continual program and donor management providing iron supplements to healthy women blood donors. Donor iron supplementation has typically been limited to research study protocols, for a defined ...
Barnard Ed B G EB Departments of aEmergency bClinical Biochemistry, Derriford Hospital cCentre for Biostatistics, Bioinformatics and Biomarkers, Plymouth University, Plymouth dAcademic Department of Military Emergency Medicine, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine (Research & Academia), Medical Directorate, Joint Medical Command, Birmingham, - - 2014
To determine the effect of blood sampling through an intravenous catheter compared with a needle in Emergency Department blood sampling. We undertook a prospective, cross-sectional study in a UK university teaching hospital Emergency Department. A convenience sample of 985 patients who required blood sampling via venepuncture was collected. A total ...
Ram Ganesan-Ganesan GG Department of Orthopaedics, Sri Ramachandra Medical Collage, Porur, Chennai-600116, Tamilnadu, - - 2014
To assess the accuracy of the clinically estimated blood loss (EBL) when compared with the actual blood loss (ABL) in replacement surgeries. This prospective study was done in Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre from April 2011 to April 2013. Altogether 140 patients undergoing total hip replacement or total knee replacement were ...
Kassar Hassène H 1 Laboratory, History of Mediterranean economies and societies, Faculté of Humanities at Tunis/Center of studies and prospective research, Tunis, Tunisia - - 2014
The region of North Africa (NA) represents a striking locality regarding migration with several migration patterns, namely emigration in the form of labour export to Europe and North America and, to a lesser extent, to the Arab Gulf area. The latter has increased enormously in the last decade because of ...
Netherlands Edward C - - 2014
Blood smears prepared from the peripheral blood of 20 wild caught Amietia quecketti (Boulenger) from the North-West University Botanical Gardens, North West Province, South Africa, were examined for the presence of haemogregarines. A haemogregarine species comparative in morphology, host and geographical locality to that of Haemogregarina theileri Laveran, 1905 was ...
Prick B W BW Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maasstad Hospital, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is frequently used to treat women with acute anaemia after postpartum haemorrhage. We aimed to assess the economic consequences of red blood cell transfusion compared to non-intervention in these women. A trial-based cost-effectiveness analysis was performed alongside the Well-Being of Obstetric patients on Minimal Blood ...
Muhlhausler B S BS FOODplus Research Centre, School of Agriculture Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia; Child Nutrition Research Centre, Women׳s and Children׳s Health Research Institute, Women׳s and Children׳s Hospital, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide SA 5006, - - 2014
This paper aimed to identify the dietary and non-dietary determinants of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels in umbilical cord blood at delivery. DHA was measured in cord blood plasma phospholipids of 1571 participants from the DOMInO (DHA to Optimize Mother Infant Outcome) randomized controlled trial. Socioeconomic, lifestyle and clinical data relating ...
Bedu-Addo George - - 2014
Blood group O protects African children against severe malaria and has reached high prevalence in malarious regions. However, its role in malaria in pregnancy is ambiguous. In 839 delivering Ghanaian women, associations of ABO blood groups with Plasmodium falciparum infection were examined. Plasmodium falciparum infection was diagnosed in placental blood ...
Oguz Orhan Emire E Sivas State Hospital, Sivas, - - 2014
To determine the most efficient route and timing of oxytocin administration for active management of the third stage of labor. A prospective randomized study was done at one center in Ankara, Turkey, between January and October 2010. Women with a singleton pregnancy (>37weeks) who had a live vaginal birth were ...
Bloch E M EM Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
Microchimerism (MC), the coexistence of allogeneic populations of cells within a host, is well described in pregnancy and blood transfusion. To date, transfusion-associated MC (TA-MC) appears unique to patients transfused after severe traumatic injury. We sought to determine whether transfusion in the peripartum period results in enduring, high-level TA-MC. We ...
Rosati Maria Valeria MV Department of Anatomy, Histology, Medical-Legal and the Orthopedics, Unit of Occupational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
Nickel (Ni) and Ni compounds are widely present in the urban air. The purpose of this study is to estimate exposure of individuals to Ni and the correlation between this exposure and the values of blood counts in outdoor workers. This study focused on a sample of 101 outdoor workers ...
Mousavi S A SA Department of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, University of Oslo, Lørenskog, - - 2014
Anecdotal evidence suggests that missed donation appointments among repeat whole-blood donors are associated with decreased likelihood of future blood donation. This study sought to examine the relationship between missed donation appointments and intention to donate again among repeat whole-blood donors and to examine whether demographic variables are related to appointment-keeping ...
Sengül Ozlem O Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
The association between blood types and ovarian reserve is investigated in this study. As an index of ovarian reserve, women with a follicle stimulat- ing hormone (FSH) level of ≥10 mIU/ml in the early follicular phase were designated as having diminished ovarian reserve. In this prospective study, early follicular phase ...
Bilir Ayten A Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical School, Eskisehir, - - 2014
The study investigated the direct effects of tramadol on the coagulation status of women with gynecologic malignancies in vitro. Citrated whole-blood samples from 21 patients with gynecologic tumors were spiked ex vivo with 2 or 6 μl/ml tramadol. Thrombelastography (TEG) analysis was performed using ROTEM(®) to assess clotting time (CT), ...
Dong Wei W Department of Obstetrics, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University , Tianjin , - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of lipoxin A4, TNFα and IL-1β in maternal peripheral blood, umbilical cord blood and placenta, and to assess their significance in pre-eclampsia. Methods: Ninty pregnant women were divided into three groups: a mild PE group (n = 30), a severe PE ...
La Favor Justin D JD John's Hopkins School of - - 2014
The incidence of cardiovascular disease increases progressively with age, while aging may affect men and women differently. Age associated changes in vascular structure and function may manifest in impaired nutritive blood flow, although the regulation of nutritive blood flow in healthy aging is not well understood. The purpose of this ...
Harvey Ronee E RE Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, - - 2014
Beta-adrenergic vasodilator responses may be blunted in humans who are at an increased risk for hypertension. Because menopause is associated with an increase in blood pressure, we tested the hypothesis that forearm blood flow responses to the β-adrenergic receptor agonist isoproterenol are blunted in older, postmenopausal women compared to young, ...
Hsieh Gillian L GL Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Effective strategies for ovarian cancer prevention are urgently needed. Data now indicate that many high-grade serous ovarian cancers may originate from the distal fallopian rather than the ovarian surface. However, the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of selective distal salpingectomy as a tool for ovarian cancer prevention are unknown. After obtaining ...
Jumaah Norlaili N Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Bertam 13200 Kepala Batas, Penang, - - 2014
The implementation of diversion pouches is to minimise the risk of bacterial contamination as the initial blood flow is prevented from entering primary bag collections as it is diverted into a pouch. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of bacterial contamination in the diversion pouches used during ...
Smith Dj Dj a School of Mathematics ; University of Birmingham ; Birmingham , - - 2014
Successful establishment of left-right asymmetry is crucial to healthy vertebrate development. In many species this process is initiated in a ciliated, enclosed cavity, for example Kupffer's vesicle (KV) in zebrafish. The microarchitecture of KV is more complex than that present in the left-right organizer of many other species. While swirling ...
Yamamoto Yasuhiro Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Preoperative autologous blood donation (PAD) has the advantages over allogeneic blood transfusion of theoretically no risk of viral infection and alloimmunization. However, there are some concerns regarding PAD in pregnant women, as they sometimes become anemic and adverse effects such as low blood pressure could be harmful to fetuses. In ...
Al-Riyami Arwa Z AZ Department of Hematology, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, - - 2014
Thalassemia Intermedia (TI) has a wide clinical profile with many patients requiring only occasional transfusions. To prevent alloimmunization, we adopted a policy of issuing phenotype matched red blood cells in 2009. We examined transfusion indications and alloimmunization rate in TI patients. Clinical and blood bank records of 37 TI patients ...
Braniff Heather H Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health North Hospital, Carmel, - - 2014
Aiming to minimize pain in a hospitalized child, the purpose of this observational study was to describe characteristics of blood samples collected from pre-existing peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheters in pediatric patients. One hundred and fifty blood samples were reviewed for number of unusable samples requiring a specimen to be re-drawn. ...
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