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Cooper C A CA Department of Chemistry, Wilfrid Laurier University, 75 University Ave. West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3C5, Canada, - - 2014
Marine teleost fish secrete bicarbonate (HCO3 (-)) into the intestine to aid osmoregulation and limit Ca(2+) uptake by carbonate precipitation. Intestinal HCO3 (-) secretion is associated with an equimolar transport of protons (H(+)) into the blood, both being proportional to environmental salinity. We hypothesized that the H(+)-sensitive haemoglobin (Hb) system ...
Summers Carly F CF School of Agricultural, Forest, and Environmental Sciences, Clemson University, 261 Lehotsky Hall, Clemson, SC, 29634, USA, - - 2014
Levels of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) were investigated as potential stressors in nine species of breeding seabirds on Marion Island, South Africa. The majority of blood Pb levels (95 %) were below background exposure levels. Species was a significant factor in ranked means analysis for mean blood Pb levels. Fewer ...
Compaore A A Clinical Research Unit Nanoro, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Direction Régionale de l'Ouest, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina - - 2014
Most pregnant women in Burkina Faso are iron deficient and many are anemic. This study assessed women's understanding of anemia and the role of iron in preventing and treating this condition. A qualitative study was conducted within a randomized controlled trial of weekly iron supplementation in a rural malaria endemic ...
Zhang Xue-Chao XC Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The tick Ixodes persulcatus is the predominant tick species in Northeastern China, and it is a major vector in transmission of tick-borne diseases. By 16S rRNA Illumina sequencing, we investigated the microbiome of I. persulcatus and assessed the variation of the microbiome before and after blood feeding. The prolonged blood ...
Huang Susie Shih-Yin SS Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1N - - 2014
Selenium (Se) has been shown to antagonize mercury (Hg) toxicity. We have previously demonstrated that orally intubated selenomethionine (SeMet) and methylmercury (MeHg) reduced tissue Se accumulation, as well as blood and kidney Hg concentrations in juvenile white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus). However, the form of Se accumulated is not known. In ...
Reddy Yathapu Srinivasa YS Food and Drug Toxicology Research Center, National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Hyderabad, - - 2014
To determine lead (Pb) and trace element (Fe, Zn, Cu, Mg) levels in placenta, maternal and cord blood; further, to assess the interactions between Pb and trace elements, if any. A cluster of 'at term pregnant women' from rural and urban areas (n = 30 each, total n = 60) as well as their ...
Obi Ejeatuluchukwu E Faculty of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, - - 2014
Methylmercury is a neurodevelopmental toxicant that is globally distributed though little is known about prenatal exposures in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of the current study was to measure total mercury levels in cord blood and maternal blood from 95 mother-newborn pairs recruited from hospitals in Nnewi, Nigeria. The secondary aims ...
White Linda K LK Indiana Blood Center, Indianapolis, - - 2014
Here we describe the design and management of Indiana Blood Center's 10-year Iron For Women program, an ongoing community blood center-based program with continual program and donor management providing iron supplements to healthy women blood donors. Donor iron supplementation has typically been limited to research study protocols, for a defined ...
Barnard Ed B G EB Departments of aEmergency bClinical Biochemistry, Derriford Hospital cCentre for Biostatistics, Bioinformatics and Biomarkers, Plymouth University, Plymouth dAcademic Department of Military Emergency Medicine, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine (Research & Academia), Medical Directorate, Joint Medical Command, Birmingham, - - 2014
To determine the effect of blood sampling through an intravenous catheter compared with a needle in Emergency Department blood sampling. We undertook a prospective, cross-sectional study in a UK university teaching hospital Emergency Department. A convenience sample of 985 patients who required blood sampling via venepuncture was collected. A total ...
Ram Ganesan-Ganesan GG Department of Orthopaedics, Sri Ramachandra Medical Collage, Porur, Chennai-600116, Tamilnadu, - - 2014
To assess the accuracy of the clinically estimated blood loss (EBL) when compared with the actual blood loss (ABL) in replacement surgeries. This prospective study was done in Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre from April 2011 to April 2013. Altogether 140 patients undergoing total hip replacement or total knee replacement were ...
Kassar Hassène H 1 Laboratory, History of Mediterranean economies and societies, Faculté of Humanities at Tunis/Center of studies and prospective research, Tunis, Tunisia - - 2014
The region of North Africa (NA) represents a striking locality regarding migration with several migration patterns, namely emigration in the form of labour export to Europe and North America and, to a lesser extent, to the Arab Gulf area. The latter has increased enormously in the last decade because of ...
Prick B W BW Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maasstad Hospital, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is frequently used to treat women with acute anaemia after postpartum haemorrhage. We aimed to assess the economic consequences of red blood cell transfusion compared to non-intervention in these women. A trial-based cost-effectiveness analysis was performed alongside the Well-Being of Obstetric patients on Minimal Blood ...
Muhlhausler B S BS FOODplus Research Centre, School of Agriculture Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia; Child Nutrition Research Centre, Women׳s and Children׳s Health Research Institute, Women׳s and Children׳s Hospital, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide SA 5006, - - 2014
This paper aimed to identify the dietary and non-dietary determinants of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels in umbilical cord blood at delivery. DHA was measured in cord blood plasma phospholipids of 1571 participants from the DOMInO (DHA to Optimize Mother Infant Outcome) randomized controlled trial. Socioeconomic, lifestyle and clinical data relating ...
Bedu-Addo George - - 2014
Blood group O protects African children against severe malaria and has reached high prevalence in malarious regions. However, its role in malaria in pregnancy is ambiguous. In 839 delivering Ghanaian women, associations of ABO blood groups with Plasmodium falciparum infection were examined. Plasmodium falciparum infection was diagnosed in placental blood ...
Oguz Orhan Emire E Sivas State Hospital, Sivas, - - 2014
To determine the most efficient route and timing of oxytocin administration for active management of the third stage of labor. A prospective randomized study was done at one center in Ankara, Turkey, between January and October 2010. Women with a singleton pregnancy (>37weeks) who had a live vaginal birth were ...
Bloch E M EM Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
Microchimerism (MC), the coexistence of allogeneic populations of cells within a host, is well described in pregnancy and blood transfusion. To date, transfusion-associated MC (TA-MC) appears unique to patients transfused after severe traumatic injury. We sought to determine whether transfusion in the peripartum period results in enduring, high-level TA-MC. We ...
Rosati Maria Valeria MV Department of Anatomy, Histology, Medical-Legal and the Orthopedics, Unit of Occupational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
Nickel (Ni) and Ni compounds are widely present in the urban air. The purpose of this study is to estimate exposure of individuals to Ni and the correlation between this exposure and the values of blood counts in outdoor workers. This study focused on a sample of 101 outdoor workers ...
Mousavi S A SA Department of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, University of Oslo, Lørenskog, - - 2014
Anecdotal evidence suggests that missed donation appointments among repeat whole-blood donors are associated with decreased likelihood of future blood donation. This study sought to examine the relationship between missed donation appointments and intention to donate again among repeat whole-blood donors and to examine whether demographic variables are related to appointment-keeping ...
Sengül Ozlem O Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
The association between blood types and ovarian reserve is investigated in this study. As an index of ovarian reserve, women with a follicle stimulat- ing hormone (FSH) level of ≥10 mIU/ml in the early follicular phase were designated as having diminished ovarian reserve. In this prospective study, early follicular phase ...
Bilir Ayten A Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical School, Eskisehir, - - 2014
The study investigated the direct effects of tramadol on the coagulation status of women with gynecologic malignancies in vitro. Citrated whole-blood samples from 21 patients with gynecologic tumors were spiked ex vivo with 2 or 6 μl/ml tramadol. Thrombelastography (TEG) analysis was performed using ROTEM(®) to assess clotting time (CT), ...
Dong Wei W Department of Obstetrics, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University , Tianjin , - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of lipoxin A4, TNFα and IL-1β in maternal peripheral blood, umbilical cord blood and placenta, and to assess their significance in pre-eclampsia. Methods: Ninty pregnant women were divided into three groups: a mild PE group (n = 30), a severe PE ...
La Favor Justin D JD John's Hopkins School of - - 2014
The incidence of cardiovascular disease increases progressively with age, while aging may affect men and women differently. Age associated changes in vascular structure and function may manifest in impaired nutritive blood flow, although the regulation of nutritive blood flow in healthy aging is not well understood. The purpose of this ...
Harvey Ronee E RE Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, - - 2014
Beta-adrenergic vasodilator responses may be blunted in humans who are at an increased risk for hypertension. Because menopause is associated with an increase in blood pressure, we tested the hypothesis that forearm blood flow responses to the β-adrenergic receptor agonist isoproterenol are blunted in older, postmenopausal women compared to young, ...
Everett L L University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2014
This study investigates the link between sub-optimal antenatal haemoglobin levels secondary to iron-deficiency anaemia and blood transfusion requirement after post-partum haemorrhage (PPH). Thus identifying whether patients are being managed correctly to optimise haemoglobin levels pre-delivery and assess whether blood transfusions are being used unnecessarily. A retrospective audit was undertaken of ...
Hsieh Gillian L GL Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Effective strategies for ovarian cancer prevention are urgently needed. Data now indicate that many high-grade serous ovarian cancers may originate from the distal fallopian rather than the ovarian surface. However, the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of selective distal salpingectomy as a tool for ovarian cancer prevention are unknown. After obtaining ...
Yamamoto Yasuhiro Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Preoperative autologous blood donation (PAD) has the advantages over allogeneic blood transfusion of theoretically no risk of viral infection and alloimmunization. However, there are some concerns regarding PAD in pregnant women, as they sometimes become anemic and adverse effects such as low blood pressure could be harmful to fetuses. In ...
Al-Riyami Arwa Z AZ Department of Hematology, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, - - 2014
Thalassemia Intermedia (TI) has a wide clinical profile with many patients requiring only occasional transfusions. To prevent alloimmunization, we adopted a policy of issuing phenotype matched red blood cells in 2009. We examined transfusion indications and alloimmunization rate in TI patients. Clinical and blood bank records of 37 TI patients ...
Braniff Heather H Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health North Hospital, Carmel, - - 2014
Aiming to minimize pain in a hospitalized child, the purpose of this observational study was to describe characteristics of blood samples collected from pre-existing peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheters in pediatric patients. One hundred and fifty blood samples were reviewed for number of unusable samples requiring a specimen to be re-drawn. ...
Karanam V L VL School of Life Sciences, Kingston University London, UK; Kings Mill Hospital, Mansfield, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the hypothesis that impaired maternal tissue perfusion occurs in pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and this correlates with maternal tissue oxygenation. Strain gauge plethysmography was used to compare maternal calf blood flow during the third trimester in 16 women with pre-eclampsia, 6 women with IUGR and 16 ...
Zangiacomi Martinez Edson E Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the association between religiousness and blood donation among postgraduate students. The Portuguese-language version of the Duke University Religion Index was administered to a sample of 226 Brazilian students with ages ranging from 22 to 55 years. All study participants had completed undergraduate ...
Perciavalle Valentina V 1 Department of Sciences of Formation, University of Catania, - - 2014
Summary.-In equestrian show jumping, attention is particularly important to ensure maximum accuracy. Due to the anaerobic nature of the jumping and its requirement for precision coordination between human and horse, there may be a relation between the onset of lactic threshold and decrease in attention. In 12 healthy and injury-free ...
Baião Aysla Marcelino AM Departamento de Saúde Pública, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, - - 2014
Introduction Knowledge of blood donor characteristics is essential to better guide clinical and serological screening for hemotherapy. The objective of this study was to determine the syphilis seroprevalence and the associated factors of blood donors in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods This population-based study from the State of ...
Wu Jinhua J Zhoushan Women's & Children's Health Hospital, Zhoushan, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the effects of low-level prenatal mercury exposure on neonate neurobehavioral development in China. In total, 418 mother-neonate pairs were included in the study. Maternal urine, hair, and blood samples and cord blood samples were used to document prenatal exposure to mercury. The Neonatal Behavioral Neurological ...
Høiseth Gudrun G Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Medicine and Drug Abuse Research, Pb 4404 Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway; Center for Psychopharmacology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Forskningsveien 7, 0319 Vinderen, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stability of drugs during storage is important in forensic toxicology. For the analytes detected after intake of heroin (6-acetylmorphine (6-AM), morphine and codeine), long-time stability in real life whole blood samples are studied in only a small number of cases. Whole blood post mortem (n=37) and whole blood samples from ...
Dou Yi-Hsuan YH Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
To report 2 cases of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) after blood transfusion for severe anemia. RCVS is presented with recurrent thunderclap headache and reversible constriction of cerebral arteries. PRES is a known complication of RCVS. Blood transfusion for severe anemia could be a ...
Birch Rebecca Jeffries RJ Westat, 1600 Research Blvd, Rockville, MD 20850, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Consumption of finfish and shellfish is the primary exposure pathway of methylmercury (MeHg) in the US. MeHg exposure in utero is associated with neurodevelopmental and motor function deficits. Regulations and fish advisories may contribute to decreased exposure to mercury over time. Combine fish tissue mercury (FTHg) concentrations and 1999-2010 NHANES ...
Iida Kenji K Graduate School of Health Management (Mr Iida and Dr Oguma) and Sports Medicine Research Center (Dr Oguma), Keio University, Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, - - 2014
This study examined the relationship between flow experience and sense of coherence in 279 tai chi practitioners aged 67.9 ± 7.9 years, with a 1-year follow-up questionnaire. Our results suggest that tai chi improves sense of coherence in older adults, beginners, and long-term practitioners.
Natan Merav Ben MB Merav Ben Natan is a Director of Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel; Department of Nursing, School of Health Professions, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. She can be reached via e-mail at meraav@hy.health.gov.il Keren Grinberg is a Nurse Educator at Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel. Sharon Galula, Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel. Michal Biton, Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, - - 2014
To examine whether Israeli mothers' intention to donate cord blood can be predicted using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). A descriptive correlation study, employing the TPB. A questionnaire constructed based on a literature review of research on cord blood donation and on the TPB was administered to 207 Israeli ...
Sekoni A O AO Department of Community Health and Primary care, College of Medicine University of Lagos - - 2014
This study was carried out to assess the blood donation practices and willingness to donate among residents of an urban slum. Cross sectional descriptive study design with a qualitative and quantitative component. Multistage sampling was used to select 400 respondents for the questionnaire interview while three FGD sessions were conducted ...
Kim Suk Hwan SH Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, South - - 2014
Gender differences in blood cadmium concentrations and the effect of iron deficiency on blood cadmium levels were analyzed in a representative sample of Koreans assessed in the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2011. A rolling sampling design was used to perform a complex, stratified, multistage probability cluster ...
Jin Lei L Institute of Reproductive and Child Health/Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, Peking University, PR China; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, PR - - 2014
Animal experiments indicate that prenatal exposure to mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) can induce fetal neural tube defects (NTDs). The objectives of this study were to determine the levels of maternal exposure to Hg, Pb, Cd and As during early pregnancy in rural areas of Shanxi ...
Vigeh Mohsen M 1Department of Hazard Assessment, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Kanagawa, - - 2014
The effect of prenatal lead exposure on child development has been a topic of public health concern for decades. To estimate prenatal lead exposure effects on early childhood development, maternal blood (n = 364) and umbilical cord blood (n = 224) samples were collected during pregnancy and at delivery. Mental ...
Seo Min-Seok MS Department of Family Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Yonsei University Graduate School of - - 2014
Mercury and serum γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) play an important role in anti-oxidant mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the association between blood mercury concentrations and GGT in Korean men and women. A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted to examine the relationship between blood mercury concentration and serum GGT among 1,959 subjects ...
Tvermoes Brooke E BE From Cardno ChemRisk LLC, San Francisco, CA (DJP, JMO, DAG, and BLF); Cardno ChemRisk LLC, Boulder, CO (BET); and Cardno ChemRisk LLC, Pittsburgh, PA - - 2014
Over-the-counter cobalt supplements are available for sale in the United States, but little is known regarding their clinical effects and biokinetic distribution with long-term use. We assessed blood kinetics, biochemical responses, and clinical effects in 5 adult men and 5 adult women who voluntarily ingested ∼1.0 mg Co/d (0.080-0.19 mg ...
Zuo Kejun K Allergy and Cancer Center, Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, No. 58, Zhongshan 2nd Road, Guangzhou, 510080, - - 2014
The surrogate markers for subclassifying eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS) and non-ECRS remain elusive. We herein performed a cross-sectional study to assess the clinical implication of clinical symptoms, CT findings, blood eosinophil (EOS) examination based on histological examination of tissue eosinophilia in 105 adult CRS patients (including 72 with nasal polyps ...
Jung J M JM Hemorheology Research Institute, Chonbuk National University, Chonbuk 516-756, South - - 2014
This study was performed to establish the reference intervals for whole blood viscosity (WBV) using the analytical performance-evaluated scanning capillary tube viscometer (SCTV). Design and Methods The analytical performance of the SCTV was evaluated using three different levels of QC materials and sixty human EDTA-blood samples. To establish the reference ...
Uddin Mohammed S MS Division of Toxicology and Human Health Sciences, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry conducted a study to evaluate body burden levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) among residents of highly industrialized Calcasieu Parish, LA, USA, in 2002. Blood VOC levels in a representative sample of participants in Calcasieu Parish were compared with a similar group of ...
Chou Hung-Chieh HC National Taiwan University College of Medicine Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan ; Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Medical College, Taipei, - - 2014
We hypothesized that cord blood hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) could be utilized to predict the severity of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. We prospectively enrolled term or near-term healthy neonates. Cord blood and capillary blood at three days of age were measured for hydrogen peroxide and bilirubin concentrations. For newborns with hyperbilirubinemia, further blood ...
Haggaz Abdelrahium D - - 2014
Microscopic examination using Giemsa-stained thick blood films remains the reference standard for detection of malaria parasites and it is the only method that is widely and practically available for quantifying malaria parasite density. There are few published data (there was no study during pregnancy) investigating the parasite density (ratio of ...
Yuksel Mehmet Aytac MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between maternal and cord blood irisin in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Twenty women with GDM and 20 pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancies were recruited for this case-control study. Maternal serum irisin and cord blood irisin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit at the time ...
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