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Bloch E M EM Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
Microchimerism (MC), the coexistence of allogeneic populations of cells within a host, is well described in pregnancy and blood transfusion. To date, transfusion-associated MC (TA-MC) appears unique to patients transfused after severe traumatic injury. We sought to determine whether transfusion in the peripartum period results in enduring, high-level TA-MC. We ...
Rosati Maria Valeria MV Department of Anatomy, Histology, Medical-Legal and the Orthopedics, Unit of Occupational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
Nickel (Ni) and Ni compounds are widely present in the urban air. The purpose of this study is to estimate exposure of individuals to Ni and the correlation between this exposure and the values of blood counts in outdoor workers. This study focused on a sample of 101 outdoor workers ...
Mousavi S A SA Department of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, University of Oslo, Lørenskog, - - 2014
Anecdotal evidence suggests that missed donation appointments among repeat whole-blood donors are associated with decreased likelihood of future blood donation. This study sought to examine the relationship between missed donation appointments and intention to donate again among repeat whole-blood donors and to examine whether demographic variables are related to appointment-keeping ...
Dong Wei W Department of Obstetrics, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University , Tianjin , - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of lipoxin A4, TNFα and IL-1β in maternal peripheral blood, umbilical cord blood and placenta, and to assess their significance in pre-eclampsia. Methods: Ninty pregnant women were divided into three groups: a mild PE group (n = 30), a severe PE ...
La Favor Justin D JD John's Hopkins School of - - 2014
The incidence of cardiovascular disease increases progressively with age, while aging may affect men and women differently. Age associated changes in vascular structure and function may manifest in impaired nutritive blood flow, although the regulation of nutritive blood flow in healthy aging is not well understood. The purpose of this ...
Harvey Ronee E RE Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, - - 2014
Beta-adrenergic vasodilator responses may be blunted in humans who are at an increased risk for hypertension. Because menopause is associated with an increase in blood pressure, we tested the hypothesis that forearm blood flow responses to the β-adrenergic receptor agonist isoproterenol are blunted in older, postmenopausal women compared to young, ...
Everett L L University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2014
This study investigates the link between sub-optimal antenatal haemoglobin levels secondary to iron-deficiency anaemia and blood transfusion requirement after post-partum haemorrhage (PPH). Thus identifying whether patients are being managed correctly to optimise haemoglobin levels pre-delivery and assess whether blood transfusions are being used unnecessarily. A retrospective audit was undertaken of ...
Hsieh Gillian L GL Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Effective strategies for ovarian cancer prevention are urgently needed. Data now indicate that many high-grade serous ovarian cancers may originate from the distal fallopian rather than the ovarian surface. However, the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of selective distal salpingectomy as a tool for ovarian cancer prevention are unknown. After obtaining ...
Yamamoto Yasuhiro Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Preoperative autologous blood donation (PAD) has the advantages over allogeneic blood transfusion of theoretically no risk of viral infection and alloimmunization. However, there are some concerns regarding PAD in pregnant women, as they sometimes become anemic and adverse effects such as low blood pressure could be harmful to fetuses. In ...
Al-Riyami Arwa Z AZ Department of Hematology, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, - - 2014
Thalassemia Intermedia (TI) has a wide clinical profile with many patients requiring only occasional transfusions. To prevent alloimmunization, we adopted a policy of issuing phenotype matched red blood cells in 2009. We examined transfusion indications and alloimmunization rate in TI patients. Clinical and blood bank records of 37 TI patients ...
Braniff Heather H Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health North Hospital, Carmel, - - 2014
Aiming to minimize pain in a hospitalized child, the purpose of this observational study was to describe characteristics of blood samples collected from pre-existing peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheters in pediatric patients. One hundred and fifty blood samples were reviewed for number of unusable samples requiring a specimen to be re-drawn. ...
Karanam V L VL School of Life Sciences, Kingston University London, UK; Kings Mill Hospital, Mansfield, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the hypothesis that impaired maternal tissue perfusion occurs in pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and this correlates with maternal tissue oxygenation. Strain gauge plethysmography was used to compare maternal calf blood flow during the third trimester in 16 women with pre-eclampsia, 6 women with IUGR and 16 ...
Zangiacomi Martinez Edson E Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the association between religiousness and blood donation among postgraduate students. The Portuguese-language version of the Duke University Religion Index was administered to a sample of 226 Brazilian students with ages ranging from 22 to 55 years. All study participants had completed undergraduate ...
Baião Aysla Marcelino AM Departamento de Saúde Pública, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, - - 2014
Introduction Knowledge of blood donor characteristics is essential to better guide clinical and serological screening for hemotherapy. The objective of this study was to determine the syphilis seroprevalence and the associated factors of blood donors in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods This population-based study from the State of ...
Wu Jinhua J Zhoushan Women's & Children's Health Hospital, Zhoushan, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the effects of low-level prenatal mercury exposure on neonate neurobehavioral development in China. In total, 418 mother-neonate pairs were included in the study. Maternal urine, hair, and blood samples and cord blood samples were used to document prenatal exposure to mercury. The Neonatal Behavioral Neurological ...
Høiseth Gudrun G Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Medicine and Drug Abuse Research, Pb 4404 Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway; Center for Psychopharmacology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Forskningsveien 7, 0319 Vinderen, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stability of drugs during storage is important in forensic toxicology. For the analytes detected after intake of heroin (6-acetylmorphine (6-AM), morphine and codeine), long-time stability in real life whole blood samples are studied in only a small number of cases. Whole blood post mortem (n=37) and whole blood samples from ...
Dou Yi-Hsuan YH Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
To report 2 cases of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) after blood transfusion for severe anemia. RCVS is presented with recurrent thunderclap headache and reversible constriction of cerebral arteries. PRES is a known complication of RCVS. Blood transfusion for severe anemia could be a ...
Birch Rebecca Jeffries RJ Westat, 1600 Research Blvd, Rockville, MD 20850, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Consumption of finfish and shellfish is the primary exposure pathway of methylmercury (MeHg) in the US. MeHg exposure in utero is associated with neurodevelopmental and motor function deficits. Regulations and fish advisories may contribute to decreased exposure to mercury over time. Combine fish tissue mercury (FTHg) concentrations and 1999-2010 NHANES ...
Iida Kenji K Graduate School of Health Management (Mr Iida and Dr Oguma) and Sports Medicine Research Center (Dr Oguma), Keio University, Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, - - 2014
This study examined the relationship between flow experience and sense of coherence in 279 tai chi practitioners aged 67.9 ± 7.9 years, with a 1-year follow-up questionnaire. Our results suggest that tai chi improves sense of coherence in older adults, beginners, and long-term practitioners.
Natan Merav Ben MB Merav Ben Natan is a Director of Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel; Department of Nursing, School of Health Professions, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. She can be reached via e-mail at meraav@hy.health.gov.il Keren Grinberg is a Nurse Educator at Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel. Sharon Galula, Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel. Michal Biton, Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, - - 2014
To examine whether Israeli mothers' intention to donate cord blood can be predicted using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). A descriptive correlation study, employing the TPB. A questionnaire constructed based on a literature review of research on cord blood donation and on the TPB was administered to 207 Israeli ...
Sekoni A O AO Department of Community Health and Primary care, College of Medicine University of Lagos - - 2014
This study was carried out to assess the blood donation practices and willingness to donate among residents of an urban slum. Cross sectional descriptive study design with a qualitative and quantitative component. Multistage sampling was used to select 400 respondents for the questionnaire interview while three FGD sessions were conducted ...
Kim Suk Hwan SH Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, South - - 2014
Gender differences in blood cadmium concentrations and the effect of iron deficiency on blood cadmium levels were analyzed in a representative sample of Koreans assessed in the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2011. A rolling sampling design was used to perform a complex, stratified, multistage probability cluster ...
Jin Lei L Institute of Reproductive and Child Health/Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, Peking University, PR China; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, PR - - 2014
Animal experiments indicate that prenatal exposure to mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) can induce fetal neural tube defects (NTDs). The objectives of this study were to determine the levels of maternal exposure to Hg, Pb, Cd and As during early pregnancy in rural areas of Shanxi ...
Vigeh Mohsen M 1Department of Hazard Assessment, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Kanagawa, - - 2014
The effect of prenatal lead exposure on child development has been a topic of public health concern for decades. To estimate prenatal lead exposure effects on early childhood development, maternal blood (n = 364) and umbilical cord blood (n = 224) samples were collected during pregnancy and at delivery. Mental ...
Seo Min-Seok MS Department of Family Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Yonsei University Graduate School of - - 2014
Mercury and serum γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) play an important role in anti-oxidant mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the association between blood mercury concentrations and GGT in Korean men and women. A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted to examine the relationship between blood mercury concentration and serum GGT among 1,959 subjects ...
Tvermoes Brooke E BE From Cardno ChemRisk LLC, San Francisco, CA (DJP, JMO, DAG, and BLF); Cardno ChemRisk LLC, Boulder, CO (BET); and Cardno ChemRisk LLC, Pittsburgh, PA - - 2014
Over-the-counter cobalt supplements are available for sale in the United States, but little is known regarding their clinical effects and biokinetic distribution with long-term use. We assessed blood kinetics, biochemical responses, and clinical effects in 5 adult men and 5 adult women who voluntarily ingested ∼1.0 mg Co/d (0.080-0.19 mg ...
Zuo Kejun K Allergy and Cancer Center, Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, No. 58, Zhongshan 2nd Road, Guangzhou, 510080, - - 2014
The surrogate markers for subclassifying eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS) and non-ECRS remain elusive. We herein performed a cross-sectional study to assess the clinical implication of clinical symptoms, CT findings, blood eosinophil (EOS) examination based on histological examination of tissue eosinophilia in 105 adult CRS patients (including 72 with nasal polyps ...
Jung J M JM Hemorheology Research Institute, Chonbuk National University, Chonbuk 516-756, South - - 2014
This study was performed to establish the reference intervals for whole blood viscosity (WBV) using the analytical performance-evaluated scanning capillary tube viscometer (SCTV). Design and Methods The analytical performance of the SCTV was evaluated using three different levels of QC materials and sixty human EDTA-blood samples. To establish the reference ...
Uddin Mohammed S MS Division of Toxicology and Human Health Sciences, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry conducted a study to evaluate body burden levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) among residents of highly industrialized Calcasieu Parish, LA, USA, in 2002. Blood VOC levels in a representative sample of participants in Calcasieu Parish were compared with a similar group of ...
Chou Hung-Chieh HC National Taiwan University College of Medicine Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan ; Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Medical College, Taipei, - - 2014
We hypothesized that cord blood hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) could be utilized to predict the severity of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. We prospectively enrolled term or near-term healthy neonates. Cord blood and capillary blood at three days of age were measured for hydrogen peroxide and bilirubin concentrations. For newborns with hyperbilirubinemia, further blood ...
Haggaz Abdelrahium D - - 2014
Microscopic examination using Giemsa-stained thick blood films remains the reference standard for detection of malaria parasites and it is the only method that is widely and practically available for quantifying malaria parasite density. There are few published data (there was no study during pregnancy) investigating the parasite density (ratio of ...
Yuksel Mehmet Aytac MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between maternal and cord blood irisin in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Twenty women with GDM and 20 pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancies were recruited for this case-control study. Maternal serum irisin and cord blood irisin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit at the time ...
Nielsen Morten Hjuler MH Danish PhD School of Molecular Metabolism, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, - - 2014
Previous studies on circulating microparticles (MPs) indicate that the majority of MPs are of a size below the detection limit of most standard flow cytometers. The objective of the present study was to establish a method to analyze MP subpopulations above the threshold of detection of a new generation BD ...
Gavazza Alessandra A Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pisa, via Livornese Lato Monte, San Piero a Grado, 56124 Pisa, - - 2014
The presence of unusual two RBCs patterns (so-called "quatrefoil RBCs," qRBCs) on canine blood smears at Optical Microscope (OM) was seen during routine evaluation of CBCs. Two consecutive retrospective investigations were arranged including about 7,000 CBCs and clinical records and laboratory data from dogs showing qRBCs. Few samples with qRBCs ...
Dim Cyril Chukwudi CC Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, PMB 01129, Enugu 400001, - - 2014
Background. Volume of red cells in capillary blood varies from that of venous blood. The magnitude of this variation as well as its impact on the diagnosis of anaemia in pregnancy needs to be studied. This study demonstrates the disparity between capillary and venous PCV in pregnancy. Objectives. To determine ...
Freire Carmen C a National School of Public Health , Oswaldo Cruz Foundation , Rio de Janeiro , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to (1) determine the reference value of blood lead levels (BLL) in a sample of blood donors of Rio Branco, the capital city of Acre, in the Western Brazilian Amazon, and (2) explore factors influencing lead (Pb) exposure levels. Between 2010 and 2011, blood ...
Hebbar Shripad S 0000-0001-6826-7017 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal 576 104, - - 2014
Objectives. To evaluate the effect of preeclampsia on the cord blood and maternal NRBC count and to correlate NRBC count and neonatal outcome in preeclampsia and control groups. Study Design. This is a prospective case control observational study. Patients and Methods. Maternal and cord blood NRBC counts were studied in ...
Malhotra Neena N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
This study was evaluated the role of perifollicular Doppler blood flow in predicting cycle response in women with and without genital tuberculosis (TB) undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles. This prospective observational study was performed on 254 women undergoing IVF for tubal factor infertility in the assisted reproductive ...
Arora Manish M Department of Preventive Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, United States of America; Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the validity of micro-spatial dentine lead (Pb) levels as a biomarker for accurately estimating exposure timing over the prenatal and early childhood periods and long-term cumulative exposure to Pb. In a prospective pregnancy cohort sub-sample of 85 subjects, we compared dentine Pb ...
Miri-Dashe Timzing T Clinical Laboratory Services and Laboratory Research, Plateau State Human Virology Research Centre (PLASVIREC), Institute of Human Virology, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria; Clinical Laboratory Services, Institute of Human Virology, Abuja, - - 2014
Interpretation of laboratory test results with appropriate diagnostic accuracy requires reference or cutoff values. This study is a comprehensive determination of reference values for hematology and clinical chemistry in apparently healthy voluntary non-remunerated blood donors and pregnant women. Consented clients were clinically screened and counseled before testing for HIV, Hepatitis ...
Vera Leibovici L Department of Dermatology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Hospital, P.O. Box 12018, Jersalem, - - 2014
Data of 1,290,222 volunteer blood donors, in a 5-year period, was analyzed for prevalence and incidence of syphilis. Subsequent testing of donations positive in Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay included Venereal Disease Research Laboratory and fluorescent Treponemal antibody absorption. Stepwise logistic regression model was used to identify positive syphilis serology. Prevalence ...
McKenna David S DS Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Miami Valley Hospital, Dayton, OH 45409, - - 2014
Objective. To determine if there was an increase in postpartum (PP) hemorrhage after decreasing the PP oxytocin dose from 40 to 30 units. Study Design. Retrospective cohort study comparing 8 months before to 8 months after the change. PP day 1 hemoglobin was subtracted from admission hemoglobin. Mean change was ...
Pedrazzini B B Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2013
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a frequent condition with a prevalence of 5-15% in the general population. Clinical and genetic observations have shown that iron deficiency, highly prevalent among blood donors, can be related to RLS. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of RLS in female ...
Karlsson O O Department of Anaesthesiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2013
Haemorrhage is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the obstetric population. The aim of this study was to compare the use of thromboelastography and laboratory analyses to evaluate haemostasis during major obstetric haemorrhage. A secondary aim was to evaluate correlations between the results of thromboelastography, laboratory analyses and ...
Magnay Julia L JL Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine, Guy Hilton Research Centre, Hartshill, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2013
To validate the menstrual pictogram (superabsorbent polymer-c version) for Always Ultra-slim feminine towels containing superabsorbent polymers. Prospective, multicenter, evaluator-blinded study. Three gynecology research clinics in the United Kingdom. Women with self-perceived light, normal, or heavy menstrual periods who had not previously used a graphical method to assess their menstrual loss. ...
Gui Tao T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Integration of Chinese and Western Medicine, Affiliated with Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, People's Republic of China; Jiangsu Branch of China Academy of Chinese Medical Science, Nanjing, People's Republic of - - 2013
To investigate the balance between regulatory T cells (Treg) and T-helper 17 cells (TH17) in peripheral blood and uteri of women with adenomyosis (AM), and to evaluate their potential correlation with dysmenorrhea and CA-125 levels. Laboratory study using human peripheral blood and tissues. Academic hospital. Forty-five patients with AM (study ...
Jones Alan Wayne - - 2013
The concentrations of cocaine and its major metabolite benzoylecgonine (BZE) were determined in femoral blood from 132 cocaine-related deaths and compared with venous blood from 988 apprehended drivers. Cocaine and BZE were determined by solid-phase extraction and isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with limits of quantitation of 0.02 mg/L for ...
Charbonneau Johanne J Université INRS, Centre Urbanisation Culture Société, Montreal, QC, - - 2013
Throughout history, blood has been embedded with powerful and paradoxical connotations. In the last decades, a more rational conception based on scientific knowledge has emerged, portraying blood as a "disenchanted" and utilitarian object, hence more apt for donation between strangers. This study aims to examine blood's representations in Quebec, Canada. ...
Jaouen Klervia - - 2013
Iron (δ(56) Fe) and copper (δ(65) Cu) stable isotope compositions in blood of adult human include a sex effect, which still awaits a biological explanation. Here, we investigate the effect of menopause by measuring blood δ(56) Fe and δ(65) Cu values of aging men and women. The results show that, ...
Schneider Henning - - 2013
This study, from Dragovic et al., is the first study using multi-colour flow cytometry applying directly conjugated antibodies to phenotype trophoblast-derived extracellular vesicles (STBM) together with extracellular vesicles (EVs) from cells circuating in the vascular compartment.
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