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Høiseth Gudrun G Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Forensic Medicine and Drug Abuse Research, Pb 4404 Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway; Center for Psychopharmacology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Forskningsveien 7, 0319 Vinderen, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stability of drugs during storage is important in forensic toxicology. For the analytes detected after intake of heroin (6-acetylmorphine (6-AM), morphine and codeine), long-time stability in real life whole blood samples are studied in only a small number of cases. Whole blood post mortem (n=37) and whole blood samples from ...
Dou Yi-Hsuan YH Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
To report 2 cases of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) after blood transfusion for severe anemia. RCVS is presented with recurrent thunderclap headache and reversible constriction of cerebral arteries. PRES is a known complication of RCVS. Blood transfusion for severe anemia could be a ...
Birch Rebecca Jeffries RJ Westat, 1600 Research Blvd, Rockville, MD 20850, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Consumption of finfish and shellfish is the primary exposure pathway of methylmercury (MeHg) in the US. MeHg exposure in utero is associated with neurodevelopmental and motor function deficits. Regulations and fish advisories may contribute to decreased exposure to mercury over time. Combine fish tissue mercury (FTHg) concentrations and 1999-2010 NHANES ...
Iida Kenji K Graduate School of Health Management (Mr Iida and Dr Oguma) and Sports Medicine Research Center (Dr Oguma), Keio University, Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, - - 2014
This study examined the relationship between flow experience and sense of coherence in 279 tai chi practitioners aged 67.9 ± 7.9 years, with a 1-year follow-up questionnaire. Our results suggest that tai chi improves sense of coherence in older adults, beginners, and long-term practitioners.
Natan Merav Ben MB Merav Ben Natan is a Director of Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel; Department of Nursing, School of Health Professions, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. She can be reached via e-mail at meraav@hy.health.gov.il Keren Grinberg is a Nurse Educator at Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel. Sharon Galula, Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel. Michal Biton, Pat Matthews School of Nursing, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, - - 2014
To examine whether Israeli mothers' intention to donate cord blood can be predicted using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). A descriptive correlation study, employing the TPB. A questionnaire constructed based on a literature review of research on cord blood donation and on the TPB was administered to 207 Israeli ...
Kim Suk Hwan SH Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, South - - 2014
Gender differences in blood cadmium concentrations and the effect of iron deficiency on blood cadmium levels were analyzed in a representative sample of Koreans assessed in the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2011. A rolling sampling design was used to perform a complex, stratified, multistage probability cluster ...
Jin Lei L Institute of Reproductive and Child Health/Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, Peking University, PR China; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, PR - - 2014
Animal experiments indicate that prenatal exposure to mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) can induce fetal neural tube defects (NTDs). The objectives of this study were to determine the levels of maternal exposure to Hg, Pb, Cd and As during early pregnancy in rural areas of Shanxi ...
Vigeh Mohsen M 1Department of Hazard Assessment, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Kanagawa, - - 2014
The effect of prenatal lead exposure on child development has been a topic of public health concern for decades. To estimate prenatal lead exposure effects on early childhood development, maternal blood (n = 364) and umbilical cord blood (n = 224) samples were collected during pregnancy and at delivery. Mental ...
Seo Min-Seok MS Department of Family Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Yonsei University Graduate School of - - 2014
Mercury and serum γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) play an important role in anti-oxidant mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the association between blood mercury concentrations and GGT in Korean men and women. A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted to examine the relationship between blood mercury concentration and serum GGT among 1,959 subjects ...
Tvermoes Brooke E BE From Cardno ChemRisk LLC, San Francisco, CA (DJP, JMO, DAG, and BLF); Cardno ChemRisk LLC, Boulder, CO (BET); and Cardno ChemRisk LLC, Pittsburgh, PA - - 2014
Over-the-counter cobalt supplements are available for sale in the United States, but little is known regarding their clinical effects and biokinetic distribution with long-term use. We assessed blood kinetics, biochemical responses, and clinical effects in 5 adult men and 5 adult women who voluntarily ingested ∼1.0 mg Co/d (0.080-0.19 mg ...
Zuo Kejun K Allergy and Cancer Center, Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, No. 58, Zhongshan 2nd Road, Guangzhou, 510080, - - 2014
The surrogate markers for subclassifying eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS) and non-ECRS remain elusive. We herein performed a cross-sectional study to assess the clinical implication of clinical symptoms, CT findings, blood eosinophil (EOS) examination based on histological examination of tissue eosinophilia in 105 adult CRS patients (including 72 with nasal polyps ...
Jung J M JM Hemorheology Research Institute, Chonbuk National University, Chonbuk 516-756, South - - 2014
This study was performed to establish the reference intervals for whole blood viscosity (WBV) using the analytical performance-evaluated scanning capillary tube viscometer (SCTV). Design and Methods The analytical performance of the SCTV was evaluated using three different levels of QC materials and sixty human EDTA-blood samples. To establish the reference ...
Uddin Mohammed S MS Division of Toxicology and Human Health Sciences, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry conducted a study to evaluate body burden levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) among residents of highly industrialized Calcasieu Parish, LA, USA, in 2002. Blood VOC levels in a representative sample of participants in Calcasieu Parish were compared with a similar group of ...
Chou Hung-Chieh HC National Taiwan University College of Medicine Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan ; Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Medical College, Taipei, - - 2014
We hypothesized that cord blood hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) could be utilized to predict the severity of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. We prospectively enrolled term or near-term healthy neonates. Cord blood and capillary blood at three days of age were measured for hydrogen peroxide and bilirubin concentrations. For newborns with hyperbilirubinemia, further blood ...
Haggaz Abdelrahium D - - 2014
Microscopic examination using Giemsa-stained thick blood films remains the reference standard for detection of malaria parasites and it is the only method that is widely and practically available for quantifying malaria parasite density. There are few published data (there was no study during pregnancy) investigating the parasite density (ratio of ...
Yuksel Mehmet Aytac MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between maternal and cord blood irisin in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Twenty women with GDM and 20 pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancies were recruited for this case-control study. Maternal serum irisin and cord blood irisin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit at the time ...
Nielsen Morten Hjuler MH Danish PhD School of Molecular Metabolism, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, - - 2014
Previous studies on circulating microparticles (MPs) indicate that the majority of MPs are of a size below the detection limit of most standard flow cytometers. The objective of the present study was to establish a method to analyze MP subpopulations above the threshold of detection of a new generation BD ...
Gavazza Alessandra A Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pisa, via Livornese Lato Monte, San Piero a Grado, 56124 Pisa, - - 2014
The presence of unusual two RBCs patterns (so-called "quatrefoil RBCs," qRBCs) on canine blood smears at Optical Microscope (OM) was seen during routine evaluation of CBCs. Two consecutive retrospective investigations were arranged including about 7,000 CBCs and clinical records and laboratory data from dogs showing qRBCs. Few samples with qRBCs ...
Dim Cyril Chukwudi CC Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, PMB 01129, Enugu 400001, - - 2014
Background. Volume of red cells in capillary blood varies from that of venous blood. The magnitude of this variation as well as its impact on the diagnosis of anaemia in pregnancy needs to be studied. This study demonstrates the disparity between capillary and venous PCV in pregnancy. Objectives. To determine ...
Freire Carmen C a National School of Public Health , Oswaldo Cruz Foundation , Rio de Janeiro , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to (1) determine the reference value of blood lead levels (BLL) in a sample of blood donors of Rio Branco, the capital city of Acre, in the Western Brazilian Amazon, and (2) explore factors influencing lead (Pb) exposure levels. Between 2010 and 2011, blood ...
Hebbar Shripad S 0000-0001-6826-7017 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal 576 104, - - 2014
Objectives. To evaluate the effect of preeclampsia on the cord blood and maternal NRBC count and to correlate NRBC count and neonatal outcome in preeclampsia and control groups. Study Design. This is a prospective case control observational study. Patients and Methods. Maternal and cord blood NRBC counts were studied in ...
Pedrazzini B B Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2013
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a frequent condition with a prevalence of 5-15% in the general population. Clinical and genetic observations have shown that iron deficiency, highly prevalent among blood donors, can be related to RLS. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of RLS in female ...
Karlsson O O Department of Anaesthesiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2013
Haemorrhage is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the obstetric population. The aim of this study was to compare the use of thromboelastography and laboratory analyses to evaluate haemostasis during major obstetric haemorrhage. A secondary aim was to evaluate correlations between the results of thromboelastography, laboratory analyses and ...
Magnay Julia L JL Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine, Guy Hilton Research Centre, Hartshill, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2013
To validate the menstrual pictogram (superabsorbent polymer-c version) for Always Ultra-slim feminine towels containing superabsorbent polymers. Prospective, multicenter, evaluator-blinded study. Three gynecology research clinics in the United Kingdom. Women with self-perceived light, normal, or heavy menstrual periods who had not previously used a graphical method to assess their menstrual loss. ...
Gui Tao T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of Integration of Chinese and Western Medicine, Affiliated with Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, People's Republic of China; Jiangsu Branch of China Academy of Chinese Medical Science, Nanjing, People's Republic of - - 2013
To investigate the balance between regulatory T cells (Treg) and T-helper 17 cells (TH17) in peripheral blood and uteri of women with adenomyosis (AM), and to evaluate their potential correlation with dysmenorrhea and CA-125 levels. Laboratory study using human peripheral blood and tissues. Academic hospital. Forty-five patients with AM (study ...
Jones Alan Wayne - - 2013
The concentrations of cocaine and its major metabolite benzoylecgonine (BZE) were determined in femoral blood from 132 cocaine-related deaths and compared with venous blood from 988 apprehended drivers. Cocaine and BZE were determined by solid-phase extraction and isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with limits of quantitation of 0.02 mg/L for ...
Charbonneau Johanne J Université INRS, Centre Urbanisation Culture Société, Montreal, QC, - - 2013
Throughout history, blood has been embedded with powerful and paradoxical connotations. In the last decades, a more rational conception based on scientific knowledge has emerged, portraying blood as a "disenchanted" and utilitarian object, hence more apt for donation between strangers. This study aims to examine blood's representations in Quebec, Canada. ...
Jaouen Klervia - - 2013
Iron (δ(56) Fe) and copper (δ(65) Cu) stable isotope compositions in blood of adult human include a sex effect, which still awaits a biological explanation. Here, we investigate the effect of menopause by measuring blood δ(56) Fe and δ(65) Cu values of aging men and women. The results show that, ...
Schneider Henning - - 2013
This study, from Dragovic et al., is the first study using multi-colour flow cytometry applying directly conjugated antibodies to phenotype trophoblast-derived extracellular vesicles (STBM) together with extracellular vesicles (EVs) from cells circuating in the vascular compartment.
Rudroff Thorsten - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate blood flow and its heterogeneity within and among knee muscles of five young (26 ± 6 years) and five old (77 ± 6 years) healthy men with similar physical activity levels when they performed two types of submaximal fatiguing isometric contractions that ...
Masaoka Naoki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the trial umbilical cord blood sampling bag for unrelated cord blood transplantation. Data were obtained from 100 vaginal deliveries. In 50 cases, umbilical cord blood (UCB) was taken with the traditional Kawasumi type UCB sampling bag. In another 50 ...
Lee Shui-Shan SS Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong, People's Republic of - - 2013
The prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in men having sex with men (MSM) is generally higher than that in the average adult male population. In Hong Kong a permanent deferral mechanism is in place to minimise viral transmission during the window period. As regards donor deferral, the attitudes and ...
Mast Alan E AE Blood Research Institute, Blood Center of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA; Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Low hemoglobin deferral occurs in about 10% of attempted whole blood donations and commonly is a consequence of iron deficiency anemia. Pre-menopausal women often have iron deficiency anemia caused by menstruation and pregnancy and have low hemoglobin deferral on their first donation attempt. Frequent donors also develop iron deficiency and ...
Vesterholm Jensen Dorte - - 2013
Geographical differences in occurrence of diseases in male reproductive organs including malformation in reproductive tract have been reported between Denmark and Finland. The reason for these differences is unknown, but differences in exposure to chemicals with endocrine disrupting abilities have been suggested. Among these chemicals are perfluoro¬alkylated substances (PFASs) a ...
Bani Marco - - 2013
Women are under-represented among blood donors and this difference is particularly strong in Italy. This study explore the reasons for the gender gap using a sample of donors who had stopped donating at least two years previously and analyzing the role of frequency of donation. No significant gender differences emerged ...
Yan T - - 2013
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific syndrome characterized by high blood pressure and proteinuria, which has a pathophysiology of insufficient placental blood perfusion. MicroRNA-126 (miR-126), an angiogenesis-related miRNA, has been proved to play a significant role in endothelial cells response to ischemia in vitro and in vivo. However, whether miR-126 has therapeutic potential in ...
Buekens Pierre - - 2013
Trypanosoma cruzi has been divided into Discrete Typing Units I and non-I (II-VI). T. cruzi I is predominant in Mexico and Central America, while non-I is predominant in most of South America, including Argentina. Little is known about congenital transmission of T. cruzi I. The specific aim of this study ...
Miao Ge - - 2013
This paper aims at supplying a scientific basis for standardizing the normal reference value of whole blood viscosity (230s(-1)) of Chinese old women. The research is made to study the relationship between the normal reference value of 6707 samples of whole blood viscosity (230s(-1)) of old women and seven geographical ...
Meltzer H M - - 2013
Several recent investigations have reported high concentrations of lead in samples of minced cervid meat. This paper describes findings from a Norwegian study performed in 2012 among 147 adults with a wide range of cervid game consumption. The main aim was to assess whether high consumption of lead-shot cervid meat ...
van Veen Teelkien R - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that preeclampsia is associated with impaired dynamic cerebral autoregulation. In a prospective cohort analysis, cerebral blood flow velocity of the middle cerebral artery (determined by transcranial Doppler), blood pressure (determined by noninvasive arterial volume clamping), and end-tidal carbon dioxide were simultaneously collected during a 7-minute period ...
Oncul M - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this paper was to investigate maternal and cord blood apelin, resistin and visfatin concentrations in pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 24 women with GDM and 21 women without GDM. Maternal plasma and cord blood apelin, ...
Ahmad Zaiki Farah Wahida FW Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 42300 Puncak Alam, Selangor, - - 2013
Prenatal Ultrasound (US) is commonly used as a routine procedure on pregnant women. It is generally perceived as a safe procedure due to the use of non-ionizing radiation. However, the neurotoxicity of diagnostic prenatal US was detected to have a correlation with high susceptibility to early developing fetus. This research ...
Pankhurst Michael W - - 2013
AMH in blood is a marker of ovarian status in women and the presence of cryptic testes in babies. Despite this, the molecular form of AMH in blood has not been verified. AMH is synthesized as an inert proprotein precursor (proAMH), which can be cleaved to yield N-terminal (AMHN), and ...
García-Esquinas Esther - - 2013
In Spain, few studies have evaluated prenatal exposure to heavy metals. The objective of this study was to describe lead, mercury and cadmium concentrations in blood from a sample of newborn--mother-father trios, as well as to investigate the association between metals in cord blood and parental variables. We also explored ...
Song Xiao Fei - - 2013
This study is the first one investigating the correlation between the concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) in blood and semen qualities for residents in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region in China. Blood samples from 53 infertile volunteers were studied for measures of semen quality and 16 PAHs. Information ...
Krejza J - - 2013
This study evaluated the relationship of cerebrovascular reactivity in young healthy women with changes in concentrations of circulating ovarian hormones throughout the menstrual cycle. Nineteen healthy nulliparous, right-handed, regularly menstruating women (age 23-25 years) underwent color-coded duplex sonography of the common (CCA), internal (ICA) and external (ECA) carotid arteries on ...
Elagamy A - - 2013
Although transfusion of autologous blood obtained from cell salvage has increased, its role in obstetric practice remains controversial. This case series reports the use of cell salvage in an attempt to avoid allogeneic transfusion in women undergoing cesarean hysterectomy for placenta accreta. This prospective observational study, conducted in a large ...
Kozikowska Iwona - - 2013
Studies were conducted on samples taken from giving birth women (n = 40) living in Poland, representing three age groups: 19-25, 26-30 and 31-38 years old. Mercury concentrations were measured with CV-AAS in placenta, umbilical cord, cord blood and amniotic fluid. The placentas weight did not exceed the 750 g value and was ...
Fitzpatrick K E KE National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
To describe the management and outcomes of placenta accreta, increta, and percreta in the UK. A population-based descriptive study using the UK Obstetric Surveillance System (UKOSS). All 221 UK hospitals with obstetrician-led maternity units. All women diagnosed with placenta accreta, increta, and percreta in the UK between May 2010 and ...
Maezawa K - - 2013
PURPOSE. To evaluate the chromium level of the salvaged blood in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS. Records of 7 women and one man aged 54 to 83 (mean, 64.3) years who underwent revision THA for aseptic loosening of the acetabular component (n=6), osteolysis of the acetabulum (n=1), ...
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