Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1210
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Kondepati Venkata Radhakrishna - - 2006
Application of mid-infrared spectroscopy for the determination of urea in blood plasma dialysates of microliter sample volumes using a transmission microcell was investigated. Infrared spectra of the dialysates of plasma samples collected from 75 different patients using CMA 60 microdialysis catheters were evaluated with multivariate partial least squares regression. Using ...
Lindsay Robert M - - 2006
Measurement of blood flow rate (Qa) is used to monitor arteriovenous fistulas and grafts that are used for hemodialysis blood access. Most Qa measurements use indicator dilution techniques to measure the recirculation that is induced by the reversal of hemodialysis blood lines. R plus the dialysis circuit flow (Qb) allows ...
Leypoldt John K - - 2006
New daily hemodialysis therapies operate at low dialysate flow rates to minimize dialysate volume requirements; however, the dependence of dialyzer clearances and mass transfer-area coefficients for small solutes on dialysate flow rate under these conditions have not been studied extensively. We evaluated in vitro dialyzer clearances for urea and creatinine ...
Wijnen Edwin - - 2006
Periodical access flow measurements can predict the development and presence of vascular access flow-limiting stenosis and subsequent thrombosis. Access flow measurement has become a standard in vascular access care. Different techniques to measure access flow are available. The aim of this study was to compare an integrated access flow measurement ...
Jin Fan - - 2006
Using a special double-layer membrane to avoid interaction among flow fields generated by different pores, we have, for the first time, observed the predicted discontinuous first-order transition in ultrafiltration of flexible linear polymer chains. Namely, the chain could pass through a pore much smaller than its unperturbed radius only when ...
Courrol Lilia C - - 2006
We introduce the use of a lanthanide complex, tetracycline-europium, for the clinical diagnosis of urea hydrogen peroxide in human whole blood. The values obtained agree with the urea concentration variation verified in 49 patients, including 12 predialysis, 12 peritoneal, and 15 dialysis subjects, and 10 controls. This method is noninvasive ...
Uhlin Fredrik - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An on-line monitoring system for dialysis dose calculations could make it possible to provide an adequate dialysis dose that is consistently given to haemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study was to compare dialysis dose (Kt/V) using four different methods and their sensitiveness to a reduction in clearance. ...
Lindley Elizabeth J - - 2006
The discussion explored and expanded on the issues raised by Dasselaar et al in their review of the measurement of relative blood volume (RBV) changes during dialysis (NDT 2005). Dialysis machines incorporating blood volume monitoring and control are widely available in Europe. The use of continuous blood volume monitoring (CBVM) ...
Mandolfo S - - 2006
Blood flow rate is a critical factor in the achievement of an adequate dialysis dose. The aim of this review is to evaluate the possibility of optimizing dialysis dose in terms of Kt/V in patients with reduced vascular access (VA) flow rate, considering effective blood flow (Qb eff), recirculation, access ...
Evenepoel Pieter - - 2006
Albumin dialysis by the molecular adsorbents recirculating system (MARS) and by fractionated plasma separation, adsorption, and dialysis (Prometheus[PROM]) represent novel nonbiological liver support systems specifically designed to remove albumin-bound substances. Preliminary evidence suggests a favorable impact of MARS on the course and outcome of liver failure. This study aimed at ...
Patzer John - - 2006
Toxins that bind to albumin in the bloodstream and are associated with progressing liver failure have proven refractory to removal by conventional hemodialysis. Such toxins can, however, be removed by adding a binder to the dialysate that serves to capture the toxin as it is dialyzed across the membrane. Several ...
Unger Juliane K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Main factors for the overall performance of haemofilters (HF) are membrane features and filter durability without clogging/clotting of capillaries. However, the venous line resistance (Pv) is a powerful force for net filtrate flux resulting in haemoconcentration and thus is enhancing the phenomenon of membrane clogging. Therefore, we hypothesized that ...
Gabutti Luca - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To treat permanent hemodialysis (HD) catheter dysfunctions due to thrombosis, as an alternative to pre- and intradialytic instillations/infusions of fibrinolytic agents, for practical reasons, a post-dialysis urokinase lock is often preferred. This study aimed to analyze the consequences on catheter function and the cost/effectiveness of an intermittent post-dialysis urokinase ...
Macha Douglas B - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the performance characteristics of various single-lumen all-purpose pigtail drainage catheters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following parameters were compared: flow rates between catheters of the same size, whether changing the fluid viscosity has any effect on catheter comparisons, the effect on flow of leaving an open three-way stopcock ...
Kalocheretis P - - 2006
AIM/BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the residual blood loss in new type single use dialyzers under the usually prevailing conditions during hemodialysis and to investigate whether or not this loss is dependent on dialyzer membrane composition or flux characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 158 hemodialysis (HD) ...
Tessitore Nicola - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice for stenosis detection and treatment in arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) varies widely and is largely dictated by local customs and expertise. METHODS: In May 2003, a questionnaire was sent to 32 hemodialysis (HD) facilities in north-eastern Italy, to assess the prevalence of patients with an AVF; the screening ...
Pannu Neesh - - 2006
Long-term dialysis is often delivered through tunneled central venous catheters (CVC) despite their associated morbidity and mortality rates. Because poor solute clearance might contribute to this risk, we examined the relation between blood pump speed (QB), access recirculation (AR), and dialysis delivery in patients with CVC. We conducted a prospective ...
Mercadal L - - 2006
The optical blood volume curve sometimes presents either a positive or a negative rapid and reversible variation (spike) during the step of the dialysate conductivity, automatically set by the monitor for the ionic dialysance (ID) measurement. We studied whether this feature was in relation with access recirculation. Firstly, we studied ...
Lawrence E L - - 2006
The treatment for urinary incontinence, a common condition affecting a considerable number of older and disabled members of society, involves the use of a Foley catheter for drainage of the bladder. The basic design of the catheter has remained the same for over seventy years. Despite modifications to the materials ...
Van Biesen Wim - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Genius dialysis system is advocated as a tool to perform slow extended daily dialysis (SLEDD) in patients with acute renal failure at the intensive care unit. At low blood flows however, it is sometimes problematic to maintain sufficient systemic pressure in the dialysate circuit, a problem that can ...
Bolasco P - - 2006
AIM: The purpose of this study was to optimize the operative and analytical methodologies to a more exact determination of intradialytic kinetics of the phosphates (P) tested in hemodialysis (HD) and in on-line hemodiafiltration with endogenous reinfusion (HFR - Hemo Filtrate Reinfusion). METHODS: The mass balance measurements of urea and ...
Ash S R - - 2006
Although highly successful as transcutaneous access devices, today's peritoneal dialysis catheters still have imperfect hydraulic function, biocompatibility and resistance to infection. Success of Tenckhoff catheters is greatly improved by the proper positioning of deep and subcutaneous cuffs and intraperitoneal segment. Newer peritoneal catheter designs are intended to improve hydraulic function, ...
Copeland Sandra D - - 2006
Patients, like those with ESRD, who have lost the ability to filter excess proteins from their bodies are at risk to develop beta-2-microglobin amyloidosis, also known as dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA). When the kidneys do not work efficiently, a protein called beta-2-microglobulin can build up in the blood. Eventually, these molecules ...
Durand Pierre-Yves - - 2006
This chapter exposes the clinical effects of different APD schedules. Clinical studies have shown that Na removal is lower with APD compared to CAPD. Therefore the loss of residual renal function requires continuous therapy with long day-dwell of polyglucose dialysate. Peritoneal small molecule clearances are closely determined by the hourly ...
Testa Angelo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Current methods of renal replacement therapy, combining convection and diffusion, are largely unsatisfactory in removing uremic toxins. Adsorption is a third mechanism that has been applied in extracorporeal therapy. This study evaluates the impact of hemodiafiltration with on-line regeneration of ultrafiltrate, a new two-step integrated sorbent system, on in ...
Patzer John F JF - - 2006
Bound solute dialysis (BSD), often referred to as "albumin dialysis" (practiced clinically as the molecular adsorbents recirculating system, MARS, or single-pass albumin dialysis, SPAD) or "sorbent dialysis" (practiced clinically as the charcoal-based Biologic-DT), is based upon the thermodynamic principle that the driving force for solute mass transfer across a dialysis ...
Tal Michael G - - 2006
Current literature suggests that side holes may be detrimental to dialysis catheter performance. Today, these catheters are primarily available with side holes. The purpose of this study was to compare flow rates, infection rate, and survival of side hole vs. non side hole hemodialysis catheters. Over a 16-month period patients ...
Ronco Claudio - - 2006
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is still underutilized as home based renal replacement therapy and in-patient treatment of acute renal failure. Hindering the expansion of PD is poor solute clearance, which is a result of the intermittent dwell technique. Continuous flow PD is an old concept that has demonstrated urea clearances from ...
Braasch Matthew - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in an in vitro study the irrigation and drainage capabilities of a variety of available catheters. Three-way Foley catheters are used when irrigation of the bladder is anticipated to prevent or manage blood clots in the bladder. METHODS: Six operators applied maximal one-handed pressure irrigation with a ...
Griveas Ioannis - - 2006
The immune defect in hemodialysis (HD) patients is associated with a monocyte dysfunction, including an increase in the production of proinflammatory cytokines. Blood membrane contact leads to an increase in cellular activation and sequestration into the capillary bed of the lung. The influence of the sequestration on the number of ...
Fiore Gianfranco B - - 2006
The potential of convective solute transport for blood purification has been widely explored. New techniques (such as hemodiafiltration), based on a combination of diffusion and convection techniques, have been developed. Owing to the internal filtration/backfiltration (IF/BF) phenomenon, high-flux dialysis also relies on a convective component, which, however, is hard to ...
Belardi Jorge A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report the safety and feasibility of a new occluding thermographic catheter in patients with coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Although plaque temperature heterogeneity is shown in atheromatous plaques, significant underestimation is encountered due to the cooling effect of the uninterrupted blood flow. METHODS: The catheter was positioned at the ...
Jonsson P - - 2005
Haemodialysis (HD) machines are IEC-classified as I type B. When central dialysis catheters (CDCs) are used for access, there will be close electrical contact with the heart. To investigate the risk for HD patients, the leakage of current through the tubing set was measured during in vitro dialysis performed according ...
Huisman Roel M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the variability of a measurement method is essential for its clinical application. We investigated the variability of shunt flow measurements, since this is a relatively neglected area in the literature. In particular, no direct comparison of between-session and within-session variability was available until now. METHODS: During two ...
Brendolan A - - 2005
New dialyzers are designed to optimize the convective and diffusive components of solute transport. Asahi Kasei Medical Co.,Ltd.has developed a new high flux dialyzer series called Rexeed with improved flow distributions. We evaluated the in vivo dialytic performance of two dialyzers of the Rexeed series: Rexeed-18A and Rexeed-25A (1.8 m2 ...
Eloot Sunny - - 2005
Some studies found that the removal of middle molecules has a long-term effect on mortality and, even more, is enhanced by high-flux dialysis. In order to enhance middle molecule removal in a low-flux dialyzer, the present study aimed at investigating the combined impact of dialyzer flows and membrane surface area. ...
Tal Michael G - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vivo recirculation of a new bi-directional dialysis catheter with a symmetric tip design and compare it to currently marketed staggered and split tip catheters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve catheters were placed in three 70-kg male swine. The catheters were connected ...
Price Corbett A - - 2005
Seven measures are indispensable to healthcare financial executives for assessing their organizations' financial well-being. Two are accrual based: Cleverley's Financial Strength Index Altman's modified Z score. The rest are cash-flow based: Operating cash flow ratio. Funds flow coverage ratio. Cash interest coverage ratio. Cash flow to total debt ratio. Total ...
Canales Benjamin K - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of percutaneous nephrostomy catheter configuration on drainage flow and retention strength. METHODS: The Cook nephrostomy 16F (symmetric balloon), Bardex Council 16F (eccentric balloon), Microvasive Flexima 14F (pigtail), and Bardex Malecot 16F (flange) nephrostomy catheters were attached to an artificial renal pelvis (12-in.-round latex balloon). The ...
Stefanidis I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Several effects of hemodialysis, including hemoconcentration, alterations of hemostasis or hemorheology and endothelial activation, could potentially interfere with cerebral blood flow (CBF) regulation. These treatment-specific changes may also be crucial for the enhanced incidence of stroke in uremic patients. Nevertheless, the influence of hemodialysis on CBF has not been ...
Franssen Casper F M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In patients with primary hyperoxaluria (PH) and oliguric end-stage renal disease, oxalate removal is largely dependent on the clearance by dialysis. Data on the oxalate clearance of newer dialyser types are scarce or absent. Therefore, we measured oxalate clearances of seven dialysers in a single 52-year-old female patient with ...
Eloot S - - 2005
For a better insight in dialyzer efficiency with respect to local mass transport in a low flux dialyzer (Fresenius F6HPS), blood and dialysate flow distributions were visualized with computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations, which were validated with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. To visualize blood-side flow while avoiding ...
Mehmedović N - - 2005
On-line Clearance Monitoring (OCM) provides frequent and precise information about urea clearance values during haemodialysis. In the case of blood access recirculation, it is presumed that urea clearance values on OCM would be lower and suspect to blood access malfunction. In order to check the relation between significantly lower urea ...
Shiowatana Juwadee - - 2006
A system for dynamic continuous-flow dialysis during intestinal digestion for an in vitro simulation of gastrointestinal digestion is presented as an alternative to human and animal in vivo methods for estimation of the bioavailability of minerals. The method is based on the in vitro batch dialysis method described by Miller, ...
Bouts Antonia H M - - 2005
Children treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) are at increased risk of infections. IgG receptors (FcgammaRs) and complement receptors (CRs) on white blood cells (WBCs) are important for the phagocytic process. We have investigated FcgammaR and CR expression on monocytes, macrophages and neutrophils in blood and in peritoneal dialysis effluent (PDE) ...
Bamgbola Oluwatoyin F - - 2005
Hemodialysis (HD) catheter occlusion is a common cause of poor blood flow and inadequate dialysis. In order to address this problem in our pediatric dialysis unit, we elected to use short (2-h) infusions of low-dose recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) for thrombolysis of occluded catheters. Catheters meeting diagnostic criteria for ...
Mariano Filippo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: As removal of pro-inflammatory cytokines is limited in conventional diffusive or convective extracorporeal therapies, we studied in two polysulphone membranes with an industrial albumin sieving coefficient of 0.05 (Type A) and 0.13 (Type B) cytokine (IL-6, IL-8, IL-1beta, IL-1ra, TNF-alpha) and plasma protein (albumin, cystatin C, total proteins) permeability ...
Treacy P John - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Measurement of blood flow within native arteriovenous fistula during haemodialysis is recommended to detect incipient fistula failure. In the present study the value of such flow measurements was assessed in a group of patients on maintenance haemodialysis, with access via native arteriovenous fistulas. METHODS: Flow was measured using the ...
Everdell Nicholas L - - 2005
Babies weighing under 6 kg are difficult to dialyse, especially those as small as 1 kg. Peritoneal dialysis is easier than haemodialysis, but is not always possible, and clears molecules less efficiently. Two factors complicate haemodialysis. First, extracorporeal circuits are large relative to a baby's blood volume, necessitating priming with ...
Cortez Andrew J - - 2005
Vascular accesses consist of permanent arteriovenous (AV) accesses (autogenous fistulas and synthetic grafts) and venous accesses (central venous catheters [CVCs]). AV accesses have fewer complications than venous accesses, and are therefore the preferred hemodialysis access. An important additional issue is whether the type of access influences adequacy of dialysis (i.e. ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >