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Results 201 - 250 of 1211
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Mori Akihiro - - 2011
Artificial pancreas technology, involving "closed-loop" controls with real-time blood glucose monitoring, has been increasing in reliability as its potential for clinical use and application grows. One such device, based on this technology, is the STG-22 (Nikkiso Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) artificial pancreas apparatus. In order to assess the reliability and ...
Teoh Chai Lean - - 2011
The misfolding and self-assembly of proteins into amyloid fibrils that occurs in several debilitating diseases is affected by a variety of environmental factors including mechanical factors associated with shear flow. We examined the effects of shear flow on amyloid fibril formation by human apolipoprotein (apo) C-II. Shear fields, 150 s-1, ...
Peruski Ann M - - 2011
Objective-To directly assess microcirculatory changes associated with induced hemorrhagic shock by use of sidestream dark field microscopy (SDM) and correlate those values with concurrently measured macrovascular and blood gas variables in healthy anesthetized dogs. Animals-12 adult dogs. Procedures-Dogs were anesthetized and splenectomized. Instrumentation and catheterization were performed for determination of ...
Benk Christoph - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The use of paracorporeal ventricular assist devices has become a well-established procedure for patients with cardiogenic shock. However, implantation of ventricular assist devices is often associated with severe complications, such as thrombosis inside the ventricular assist device and subsequent embolic events. It was the purpose of this study to ...
Fenty Renee K - - 2011
Objective-To evaluate whole blood hemostasis by means of thromboelastography in dogs with primary immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA) to determine whether these dogs had evidence of hypercoagulability prior to the administration of immunosuppressant medications, blood transfusion products, or anticoagulant agents. Design-Evaluation study. Animals-11 client-owned dogs admitted to a teaching hospital for ...
Kamura Keiichiro - - 2011
The internal organs of vertebrates show distinctive left-right asymmetry. Leftward extracellular fluid flow at the node (nodal flow), which is generated by the rotational movement of node cilia, is essential for left-right patterning in the mouse and other vertebrates. However, the identity of the pathways by which nodal flow is ...
Zaldivar-Lopez Sara S Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. - - 2011
The purposes of this study were to evaluate the oxygen affinity of hemoglobin (Hb) in healthy retired racing Greyhounds via cooximetry, and to establish reference intervals for blood gases and cooximetry in this breed. Prospective clinical study. University Teaching Hospital. Fifty-seven Greyhounds and 30 non-Greyhound dogs. Venous blood samples were ...
Caruselli Marco - - 2011
The use of Central Venous Catheters (CVCs) represents an important step in the management of the surgical, onco-hematology and critically ill patients. CVCs in neonates, like in adult patients, are mainly used to infuse hyperosmolar solutions, to take blood samples and for hemodynamic monitoring. The need for CVCs is higher ...
Kim G A - - 2011
It is known that cloned animals produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) using the same donor cells show immunological compatibility for tissue transplantation. However, immunological compatibility for tissue transplantation or blood transfusion between cloned animals and transgenic cloned animals originating from the same donor cell has not been assessed ...
Fukushima Fabíola B - - 2011
Cardiorespiratory and blood gas alterations were evaluated in 6 healthy dogs that underwent a laparoscopic procedure using isoflurane anesthesia and carbon dioxide (CO(2)) pneumoperitoneum for 30 min. Heart rate, respiratory rate, body temperature, venous blood pH, partial pressure of CO(2) and oxygen, oxygen saturation, total carbon dioxide (TCO(2)) and bicarbonate ...
Keir I - - 2010
An eight-month-old male Pomeranian was presented with hypovolaemic shock 7 days after successful oesophageal foreign body removal. On presentation the dog was anaemic and no coagulation abnormalities were detected. A fluid-filled oesophagus was visible on thoracic radiography and frank blood was aspirated from the oesophagus following oro-oesophageal intubation. Fluid resuscitation ...
Huang Jiansheng - - 2011
Purpose: The heat-sink effect produced by rapid blood flow through large vessels (diameter (D) ≥ 5 mm) is an important factor that influences ablation zone size after radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Currently, however, the interactions between hepatic RFA lesions and large vessels are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine ...
Mizukami Hajime - - 2010
A 48-year-old woman was found dead on a chair in her living room. She had received dialysis every day because of chronic renal failure for the past 15 years. On a table beside her, there was a mirror and 10-mL syringe on a napkin. A stopper was out of place ...
Iazbik Maria Cristina - - 2010
Blood groups in dogs are designated as dog erythrocyte antigen (DEA) 1.1, 1.2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and Dal. There is limited information about the frequency of different antigens in Greyhound dogs, despite their frequent use as blood donors. The aims of this study were to determine the frequencies of ...
Mineshima Michio - - 2011
Several types of dialyzer with enhanced internal filtration have been introduced for clinical application as a means of improving the efficiency of solute removal, and the enhanced internal filtration in these dialyzers has increased the convective transport of the solute besides the diffusive transport. The internal filtration flow rates (Q(IF)) ...
Sato Takashi - - 2011
In Japan, acetate-free biofiltration (AFBF) became commercially available in the year 2000, and these products have been reported to be clinically effective for controlling the decrease of blood pressure during dialysis or various types of dialysis intolerance. And more, acetate-free dialysis fluid was made clinically available in 2007, acetate-free hemodialysis ...
Yamashita Akihiro C - - 2011
Commercial dialyzers were investigated both in vivo and in vitro for a better selection of dialyzers for hemodiafiltration (HDF) therapy. In in vivo online HDF, since a reduction rate of α(1)-microglobulin (α(1)-MG) was determined by the amount of albumin loss regardless of blood flow rate (Q(B)), ultrafiltration rate (Q(F)), and ...
Wienbeck Susanne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to prospectively assess the frequency and type of IV injection site complications associated with high-flow power injection of nonionic contrast medium in MDCT. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Contrast-enhanced (300-370 mg iodine/mL) MDCT examinations with high flow rates (up to 8 mL/s) using automatic CT ...
Caridi James - - 2010
Clinical outcomes associated with hemodialysis catheters often depend on correct tip positioning. Improper positioning of the catheter tips can reduce blood flow and lead to long-term complications. The authors evaluated the clinical performance of the Arrow Cannon II Plus hemodialysis catheter (Teleflex Medical, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina), a catheter ...
Basile Carlo - - 2011
Several studies already stressed the importance of haemodialysis (HD) time in the removal of uraemic toxins. In those studies, however, also the amount of dialysate and/or processed blood was altered. The present study aimed to investigate the isolated effect of the factor time t (by processing the same total blood ...
Mohan Sumit - - 2010
Effective ionic dialysance (EID) is an online measure of hemodialysis (HD) effective urea clearance that is calculated using changes in dialysate sodium conductivity. Effective ionic dialysance is blood flow (Q(b)) dependent. The presence of significant (> or =5%) access recirculation (sAR) during dialysis lowers EID at a given Q(b), thereby ...
Van Hoek Frank - - 2010
BACKGROUND: During haemodialysis, some patients experience intensification of symptoms of haemodialysis access-induced distal ischaemia. Aim of this study is to compare the effects of two different regimens of arterial blood flow in patients with an arteriovenous access. METHODS: A questionnaire identified 10 patients that subjectively experienced ischaemic symptoms during haemodialysis. ...
Oztürkmen Seda - - 2010
A 4-year-old boy with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) was inserted a central venous catheter into right vena jugularis interna, whereas on BFM-ALL (Protocol 1) therapy. He developed progressive anemia, thrombocytopenia, schistocytes with triangular or crescent shapes, microspherocytes and teardrop cells in the peripheric blood smear, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, and decreased ...
Castellarnau Alex - - 2010
Real-time determination of Kt/V can be provided by monitoring ultraviolet absorbance of solutes in spent dialysate. This not only overcomes dependency on error-prone pre- and post-dialysis blood sampling; it circumvents inaccuracies associated with estimating the urea distribution volume and its high measurement frequency tightly reflects the course of the dialysis. ...
Lindsay Robert M - - 2010
Measurement of blood flow rate (Qa) is used to monitor dialysis access, AV fistulas, and grafts. Indicator dilution measurements of the recirculation (R) induced by reversal of hemodialysis blood lines are commonly used. This plus the dialysis circuit flow (Qb) allows calculation of Qa. R also changes the conductivity, which ...
Bhimani Jai P - - 2010
Diffusive clearance depends on blood and dialysate flow rates and the overall mass transfer area coefficient (K(o)A) of the dialyzer. Although K(o)A should be constant for a given dialyzer, urea K(o)A has been reported to vary with dialysate flow rate possibly because of improvements in flow distribution. This study examined ...
Válek Martin - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate an association between vascular access blood flow (QVA), cardiac output(CO), and load of left ventricle (LLV) using a simple physical model calculation based on real data, specifically inpatients with high access blood flow arteriovenous fistula(AVF). Vascular access blood flow, CO, and peripheral ...
Shemesh David - - 2010
Dialysis-associated steal syndrome with rest pain and ischemic nonhealing ulcers dictates prompt surgical intervention. Distal revascularization with interval ligation is extensive surgery for frail patients in whom calcified distal arteries make anastomosis difficult. Simple banding is appropriate in high-flow fistulas. In low-flow accesses, further flow reduction by simple banding may ...
Meyer Jay J - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine capsular breakage risk from contact by phacoemulsification needles by machine and tip type. DESIGN: Experimental laboratory investigation. METHODS: Infiniti (Alcon, Inc.) with Intrepid cartridges and Signature (Abbott Medical Optics, Inc.) phacoemulsification machines were tested using 19- and 20-gauge sharp and rounded tips. Actual and unoccluded flow vacuum ...
Santoro D - - 2010
Native arterio-venous fistula (AVF), is the first choice of the vascular access for hemodialysis treatment. In comparison with other vascular accesses such as prosthetic arterio-venous graft or permanent central venous catheter, AVF has shown a significant reduction in cardiovascular mortality. It needs, of course, an appropriate blood flow that provides ...
Hiremath Swapnil - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The incidence of congestive heart failure is 3-fold greater than that of acute coronary syndrome in haemodialysis (HD) patients. The purpose of this study was to determine if blood flow through an arteriovenous (AV) access contributes to an increase in left ventricular mass (LVM) that may increase the risk ...
Thomson Peter - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheterization is a fundamental component in delivering haemodialysis yet is associated with significantly higher complication rates than other methods of vascular access. In this study, we report results of univariate and multivariate analyses designed to identify and quantify independent risk association for catheterization type, clinical variables and ...
Takatori M - - 2010
We developed an online continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF) system with a central reverse osmosis (RO) fluid delivery system in 1996. This was improved to a system composed of a single-patient dialysis machine and RO module in 2003. This comprises a water treatment system, an RO module, a dialysis machine with 3 ...
Hudson Joanna Q - - 2010
Eptifibatide is a parenteral glycoprotein IIb-IIIa inhibitor that prevents platelet aggregation. Although contraindicated in dialysis patients due to limited safety and dialysis data, eptifibatide is prescribed in this population and is associated with bleeding complications. This study was done to determine dialysis clearance (CL(D)) of eptifibatide using an in vitro ...
Mistr?k Erik - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients remains high despite improvements in HD technique such as dialysis adequacy, dialysis fluid purity, and membrane biocompatibility. Optimal fluid balance to maintain optimal hemodynamic stability during hemodialysis (HD) procedure is essential. At the present time, hemodynamic stability is conventionally assessed as stability of ...
Maduell F - - 2010
Post-dilution on-line hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) is the most efficient infusion mode to obtain maximum clearances of uremic toxins, with a recommended manual infusion flow (Qi) of 25% of the blood flow with the main limitation that causes alarms by hemoconcentration throughout the session. Recent technical advances allow automatic prescription of Qi ...
Szamosfalvi Balazs - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Large-scale adoption of regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) is prevented by risks of the technique as practiced traditionally. Safe RCA protocols with automated delivery on customized dialysis systems are needed. METHODS: We applied kinetic analysis of solute fluxes during RCA to design a protocol for sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) for ...
Shinozaki Koichiro - - 2010
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) can be described as a potentially fatal condition presenting with hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and coagulopathy associated with acute hepatic dysfunction, regardless of its etiology. Blood purification (BP) is expected to be effective against HE and coagulopathy in FHF. In this paper, we outline the objectives and ...
Eloot Sunny - - 2010
We compared three access flow (AF) monitoring techniques: blood dilution using ultrasound (US), blood temperature monitoring (BTM), and online clearance monitoring (OCM), and investigated the impact of dialyzer blood flow (Q(B)), measurement time point and patient's position. US, BTM and OCM were performed in 20 hemodialysis (HD) patients at Q(B)300. ...
Ding Weiping - - 2010
Hollow fiber modules are commonly used to conveniently and efficiently remove cryoprotective agents (CPAs) from cryopreserved cell suspensions. In this paper, a steady-state model coupling mass transfers across cell and hollow fiber membranes is theoretically developed to evaluate the removal of CPAs from cryopreserved blood using hollow fiber modules. This ...
Lim Ki Moo - - 2010
For blood purification systems using a semipermeable membrane, the convective mass transfer by ultrafiltration plays an important role in toxin removal. The increase in the ultrafiltration rate can improve the toxin removal efficiency of the device, ultimately reducing treatment time and cost. In this study, we assessed the effects of ...
du Cheyron Damien - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Online monitoring devices for intermittent hemodialysis have been developed to improve intradialytic cardiovascular stability in chronic dialysis patients. We propose to test blood volume and blood temperature biofeedback control systems in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: Twenty patients were prospectively dialyzed with machines equipped with ...
Miguel Susana San - - 2009
AIM: The aim of the project is to determine the effectiveness of using online access flow measurement, thermodilution method (Fresenius BTM), in detecting and predicting thrombosis or stenosis of the haemodialysis fistula, so that early intervention could be instituted. METHODOLOGY: All haemodialysis patients with permanent vascular dialysis access, either arteriovenous ...
Saad Wael E A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of establishing a U-shaped inferior vena cava (IVC) catheter entirely from a transhepatic approach and to determine the catheter caliber that would provide adequate flow for hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three pigs (weight, 45-50 kg) were used. A peripheral right hepatic vein was accessed transhepatically ...
Azar Ahmad Taher - - 2009
Clearance of urea depends on the dialysis solution flow rate as well. A faster dialysis solution flow rate increases the efficiency of diffusion of urea from blood to dialysate. An in vivo study was used in order to examine the effect of increasing dialysate flow rate (Q D ) on ...
Leonard Edward F - - 2009
Current efforts to prolong dialysis and make it ambulatory may, but need not, follow the established countercurrent contact of blood and dialysate through a membrane. Avoiding anticoagulation and addressing decremented performance of membranes used over long times suggests gentler blood contact and greatly reduced contact areas. This paper describes a ...
Ficheux Alain - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Urea kinetic modelling-based methods are widely used to assess dialysis efficacy. However, they require blood sampling and are susceptible to a number of errors, mainly from the calculated parameters (particularly V). Spent dialysate determinations have been used and have been shown to be reliable and simple to use. In ...
Klammt Sebastian - - 2009
Extracorporeal liver support procedures based on albumin dialysis require the use of pharmaceutical-grade human serum albumin (HSA). Those preparations contain octanoate, which is added as stabilizer during the production process. For octanoate, a direct involvement in the pathogenesis of liver failure complications as well as an indirect influence by competitive ...
Patel Jignes H - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Telavancin is a lipoglycopeptide antimicrobial agent which has been approved in Europe and has been recently FDA approved in the United States. Telavancin's parenteral solution contains hydroxy propyl-beta -cyclodextrin (HP-beta -CD) to enhance its solubility. The disposition of telavancin and HP-beta -CD during continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT ) ...
Maarek Jean-Michel I - - 2009
There is considerable interest in assessing cardiovascular function noninvasively in patients receiving hemodialysis. A possible approach is to measure the blood concentration of bolus-injected indocyanine green dye and to apply the dye-dilution method for estimating cardiac output and blood volume. Blood ICG concentration can be derived from a measurement of ...
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