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Arthur Connie M CM The Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, - - 2015
Over a century ago, Karl Landsteiner discovered that blood group antigens could predict the immunological outcome of red blood cell transfusion. While the discovery of ABO(H) blood group antigens revolutionized transfusion medicine, many questions remain regarding the development and regulation of naturally occurring anti-blood group antibody formation. Early studies suggested ...
Good Christopher C a The Conservation Fund's Freshwater Institute, 1098 Turner Road , Shepherdstown , West Virginia 25443 , - - 2014
Abstract During a controlled 6-month study using six replicated water recirculation aquaculture systems (WRASs), it was observed that Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss in all WRASs exhibited a higher-than-normal prevalence of side swimming (i.e., controlled, forward swimming but with misaligned orientation such that the fish's sagittal axis is approximately parallel to ...
Uekusa Hiroyuki H Department of Neurosurgery (Omori), School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Toho University, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the association between subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced delayed cerebral vasospasm (DCVS) and oxidative stress, an oxidation product, hydroperoxide, was measured in 3 specimens: peripheral arterial blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and internal jugular venous blood (IJVB). Hydroperoxide was measured using the diacron reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) test. The hydroperoxide levels were ...
van Vliet Danique D Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Tyrosinemia type 1 (HT1) is an inborn error of tyrosine catabolism caused by fumarylacetoacetase deficiency. Biochemically, this results in accumulation of toxic metabolites including succinylacetone. Clinically, HT1 is characterized by severe liver, kidney, and neurological problems. Treatment with NTBC and dietary restriction of tyrosine and phenylalanine have strongly improved outcome, ...
Quin Jacquelyn J Surgery Service, Veterans Affairs (VA) Boston Healthcare System, West Roxbury, - - 2014
Transit time flow (TTF) probes may be useful for predicting long-term graft patency and assessing grafts intraoperatively in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG); however, studies of TTF probe use are limited. To examine 1-year graft patency and intraoperative revision rates in patients undergoing CABG based on intraoperative TTF ...
Baron Joel J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 151, 84101, Beer-Sheba, - - 2014
To evaluate blood flow Doppler velocimetry during the first and second stages of active labor. A prospective observational study was performed. Patients at term (37-42 weeks gestation), with normal fetal heart rate tracing patterns (categorized as category I) were examined during the first and second stages of labor. The sonographic parameters ...
Omarjee Loukman L Laboratory of physiology, vascular investigations, University Hospital 49933 Angers Cedex 09, - - 2014
Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) allows an easy non-contact monitoring of the cutaneous blood flow (CBF), but is highly sensitive to movement artifacts (ARTm). Subtraction of a signal recorded on an adhesive opaque surface (AOS) close to the area of interest was reported as a mean of reducing noise from ...
Staff James F JF Health and Safety Laboratory, Harpur Hill, Buxton, SK17 9JN, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whole blood is the established matrix for biological monitoring of inorganic lead; however blood sampling is an invasive procedure. Saliva offers a potential non-invasive alternative. This study determines lead in whole blood and saliva. A novel method for saliva sampling and preparation is presented. Paired blood and saliva samples were ...
Vilozni Daphna D Pediatric Pulmonary Unit and The National Center for Cystic Fibrosis, The Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel, affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. daphna.vilozni@sheba.health.gov.il - - 2014
Cough is part of life in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Weak coughing may add to increased respiratory disease that affects the mechanical properties of cough in these patients. In this study, we investigated cough characteristics in relation to forced expiratory flow/volume indices in CF. This prospective study included 54 ...
Hou Yajun Y Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA. College of Science, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110159, People's Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study was to adapt a novel near-infrared diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) flow-oximeter for simultaneous and continuous monitoring of relative changes in cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and cerebral oxygenation (i.e. oxygenated/deoxygenated/total hemoglobin concentration: Δ[HbO2]/Δ[Hb]/ΔTHC) during overnight nocturnal polysomnography (NPSG) diagnostic test for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea (OSAH). A ...
Veglia Fabrizio F From Centro Cardiologico Monzino IRCCS, Milan, Italy (F.V., M.A., M.G., A.R., C.C.T., B.F., E.T., D.B.); and Dipartimento di Scienze Farmacologiche e Biomolecolari, Università di Milano, Milan, Italy (E.T., D.B.). - - 2014
The use of indices formed from the ratio of 2 variables often generates spurious correlations with other variables that are mathematically coupled. In this context, we examined the correlations between percent flow-mediated dilation, baseline diameter, and shear rate. In a sample of 315 participants, with and without substantial vascular risk ...
Saxena R R Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Evelina London Children's Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, Westminster Bridge Road, London, SE1 7EH, UK, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the qualitative and quantitative accuracy of transpulmonary ultrasound dilution (UD) (COstatus™, Transonic Systems) for the detection of small anatomic shunts. It was a prospective, observational study in a multi-disciplinary pediatric intensive care unit. Seventy-three critically ill children (67 post cardiac surgery), with a ...
Körperich Hermann H Institute for Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Heart and Diabetes Center Northrhine-Westfalia, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Georgstraße 11, D-32545 Bad Oeynhausen, Germany - - 2014
Blood flow rate quantification using two-dimensional phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI) results in averaging of flow information due to long acquisition times precluding the examination of short-term effects. The aim of this study was to determine respiration-related flow rate variations by non-electrocardiographic triggered real-time phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI). Real-time PC-MRI was applied to ...
Mulla H H Department of Pharmacy, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, UK, - - 2014
Systemic exposure to parabens in the neonatal population, in particular propyl-parabens (PPB), remains a concern. Blood concentrations and kinetics of methyl-parabens (MPB) and PPB were therefore determined in neonates receiving medicines containing these excipients. A multi-centre, non-interventional, observational study of excipient-kinetics in neonates. 'Dried Blood Spot' samples were collected opportunistically ...
Pavlov A N AN Department of Physics, Saratov State University, Astrakhanskaya Str. 83, Saratov, 410012, Russia. Saratov State Technical University, Politehnicheskaya Str. 77, Saratov, 410054, Russia. Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of - - 2014
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is the major problem of modern neonatal intensive care. Abnormalities of cerebral venous blood flow (CVBF) can play a crucial role in the development of ICH in infants. The mechanisms underlying these pathological processes remain unclear; however it has been established that the activation of the adrenorelated ...
Gallo Diego D Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, 10129, Turin, - - 2014
The rationale for this study lies in the well-known predilection for vascular disease of the carotid bifurcation, attributed to an altered shear stress distribution at the luminal surface and mitigated by helical fluid structures establishing inside the bifurcation. Here we investigate the mechanistic role played by the common carotid artery ...
Blondin D D Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty HHU, - - 2014
Adrenal disorders are relative frequent with regard to the incidence of adrenal tumors and the high portion in causes of secondary hypertension. Morphological changes in the adrenal glands can lead to very different functional disorders that may be clinically overt or hard to diagnose. On the other hand, they can ...
Teusch V I VI Department of Radiology, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, - - 2014
Aim of our pilot study was the application of a contrast-enhanced color-coded ultrasound perfusion analysis in patients with vascular malformations to quantify microcirculatory alterations. 28 patients (16 female, 12 male, mean age 24.9 years) with high flow (n = 6) or slow-flow (n = 22) malformations were analyzed before intervention. ...
Huang Wenrui W Department of Civil Engineering, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, 32310, USA, - - 2014
Chlorophyll-a (chl-a) is considered as a primary indicator for water quality and foods for oyster growth in Apalachicola estuarine ecosystem. Assessment of chl-a concentration variation in response to river inflow is important for estuarine environmental research and management. In this study, remote sensing analysis has been conducted to evaluate the ...
Kettner M M Department of Experimental Forensic Medicine, Institute of Forensic Medicine, Saarland University Medical School, Homburg/Saar, Germany, - - 2014
Bloodstain pattern analysis is a routine procedure in forensic cases that involve bleeding wounds. It utilizes geometric principles to determine the sequence of actions causing the bloodshed and the area of origin, that is, from where the blood originated. The patterns formed by circular bloodstains from drops of blood that ...
Lewis Nia C S NC Centre for Heart, Lung and Vascular Health, University of British Columbia, Okanagan, Canada - - 2014
We examined two novel hypotheses: 1) That orthostatic tolerance (OT) would be prolonged when hyperventilatory-induced hypocapnia (and hence cerebral hypoperfusion) was prevented; and 2) that pharmacological reductions in cerebral blood flow (CBF) at baseline would lower the "CBF reserve", and ultimately reduce OT. In Study 1 (n = 24; aged ...
Muris Dennis M J DM aDepartment of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+) bCardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM) cDepartment of Social Medicine dCAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care eDepartment of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the - - 2014
Skin microvascular flow motion (SMF) - blood flow fluctuation attributed to the rhythmic contraction and dilation of arterioles - is thought to be an important component of the microcirculation, by ensuring optimal delivery of nutrients and oxygen to tissue and regulating local hydraulic resistance. There is some evidence that SMF ...
Park Sang Jun SJ Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the association between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and 5 heavy metallic elements (lead, mercury, cadmium, manganese, and zinc). A cross-sectional study using a complex, stratified, multistage, probability cluster survey. Participants of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2011. Using a standardized protocol, AMD ...
Wirstlein Przemyslaw K PK Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Division of Reproduction, University of Medical Sciences, PoznaƄ, - - 2014
To answer the question as to whether the markers of thrombophilia in pregnant women, whose pregnancies ended in success, are reflected in the level of inflammation in the blood of the umbilical cord of the newborn. Umbilical cord blood and placenta after childbirth were secured from 16 patients with inherited ...
Roberts Kaleigh Filisa KF Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, 63110, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to measure the flux of amyloid-β (Aβ) across the human cerebral capillary bed in order to determine if transport into the blood is a significant mechanism of clearance for Aβ produced in the central nervous system (CNS). Methods: Time-matched blood samples were simultaneously ...
Bleul Ulrich U Department of Farm Animals, Clinic of Reproductive Medicine, Vetsuisse-Faculty, University of Zurich, - - 2014
To validate the i-STAT, a portable hand-held analyzer that allows point-of-care measurement of blood gases, acid-base, lactate, and other blood variables in food animal practice for analysis of blood samples of newborn calves. Prospective observational study. University teaching hospital. A total of 271 venous blood samples were analyzed for PvO2 ...
Ener Kemal K Urology Clinic, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital , Ankara , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Varicocele, which is the abnormal dilatation of internal spermatic veins, is known as the most surgically correctable cause of male infertility. In the evaluation of testicular arterial and venous blood supply, the scrotal colour Doppler ultrasound (CDU) is a valuable diagnostic method. The aim of this study was ...
Prech Marek M Department of Invasive Cardiology, Kiepury 45, 64-100 Leszno, Poland; I(st) Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Dluga ½, 61-848 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
While the cutoffs of predictive value for ST-segment elevations resolution (STSR) following thrombolysis and/or primary PCI were well documented, the impact of pre-angiography STSR has not been established yet. The aim of this study is to assess prognostic utility of pre-angiography STSR to predict pre-procedural TIMI flow in the infarct-related ...
Noiphung Julaluk J Graduate Program in Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, - - 2014
We propose a new, paper-based analytical device (PAD) for blood typing that allows for the simultaneous determination of ABO and Rh blood groups on the same device. The device was successfully fabricated by using a combination of wax printing and wax dipping methods. A 1:2 blood dilution was used for ...
Perez Juan J - - 2014
Impedance plethysmography applied to the head by using a pair of electrodes attached to the scalp surface is known as bipolar Rheoencephalography or REG I and was originally proposed to measure changes in cerebral blood volume related to the heartbeat. REG I was soon discarded in favor of other REG ...
Franchini M M Massimo Franchini, MD, Director, Dipartimento di Medicina Trasfusionale ed Ematologia, Azienda Ospedaliera Carlo Poma, Mantova, Italy, Tel.: +39 0376 201234, Fax: +39 0376 220144, E-mail: - - 2014
ABO blood group antigens are complex carbohydrate molecules expressed on red blood cells and a variety of tissues. The ABO blood type is implicated in the development of a number of human diseases and there is increasing evidence regarding its involvement in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disorders, mainly through its ...
Sabatini Luigi L Unit of Orthopaedics and Traumathology, Hospital San Luigi Gonzaga Orbassano, University of Turin, Regione Gonzole 10, 10043, Orbassano, Torino, Italy, - - 2014
Blood transfusion is often required in total knee replacement (TKR); several methods of blood preservation are commonly used but the ideal solution is to reduce the blood loss during and after surgery. Aim of the study was to evaluate the hemostatic efficacy and safety of intravenous use of tranexamic acid ...
Baba Yosuke Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, - - 2014
To construct a model to calculating probability of requiring allogeneic blood transfusion on cesarean section (CS) for placenta previa (PP). A retrospective cohort study involving all 205 patients with PP who underwent CS in our institute. We determined the relationship between allogeneic blood transfusion and nine preoperative factors: (1) maternal ...
Holowaychuk Marie K MK Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, - - 2014
To describe the use of a transcutaneous blood gas monitoring system in critically ill dogs, determine if transcutaneous and arterial blood gas values have good agreement, and verify if clinical or laboratory variables are correlated with differences between transcutaneous and arterial blood gas measurements. Prospective observational study. University teaching hospital ...
Carabini Louanne M LM From the Departments of *Anesthesiology and †Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
Many factors affect the accuracy of hemoglobin concentration values. In this study, we evaluated whether the hemoglobin concentration obtained by means of arterial blood gas (ABG) co-oximetry and complete blood count (CBC) central laboratory techniques clinically correlate when using simultaneous measurements of hemoglobin concentration obtained during complex spine fusion surgery. ...
Sullivan I J IJ Blood Transfusion Department; Patient Blood Management Department, Royal Cornwall Hospital Trust, Truro, - - 2014
Haemolysis is still a re-occurring theme in intra-operative cell salvage (ICS) with further haemolysis possibly caused by suction pressure, washing/centrifuging process and aspiration method. Previous investigations, along with manufacturer's reports, state that between 75 and 95% of free haemoglobin (Hb) is removed by the washing and centrifugation process; however, if ...
Simpson Katharine M KM Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK - - 2014
Objective-To evaluate whether pedal bacteremia develops following regional IV perfusion (RIVP) of a 2% lidocaine hydrochloride solution in cattle with deep digital sepsis (DDS) and to determine which bacterial pathogens are most commonly isolated from the pedal circulation. Design-Prospective observational cohort study. Animals-9 adult cattle with DDS in 10 limbs ...
Silverstein Deborah C DC Department of Clinical Studies, Matthew J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
Objective-To assess the microcirculatory effects of IV fluid administration in healthy anesthetized dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy. Animals-49 client-owned dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated, and anesthesia was induced with propofol and diazepam and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. Dogs received lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) IV at rates of 0, 10, or 20 ...
Dunn Wendy J WJ Intensive Care Unit, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC. - - 2014
To examine the effects of patient and treatmentrelated variables on filter lifespan in critically ill adults receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). This was a single-centre, retrospective, observational study conducted in a tertiary referral centre in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. All CRRT filters used over a 44-month period from 1 January ...
Zusman M - - 2014
This study attempted to differentiate between ADHD patients, primarily inattentive subtype, from a healthy comparison group, using high resolution brain SPECT imaging. Participants included 140 patients with ADHD inattentive type and 149 demographically-matched controls. All participants underwent brain SPECT imaging at rest and during concentration using semiquantitative visual readings. A ...
Blose M - - 2014
The study examined whether nicotine disorders affect cerebral blood flow at baseline and while concentrating. Two hundred and sixty two individuals with a diagnosis of a nicotine disorder and 94 healthy controls were given a single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scan as part of a comprehensive evaluation. Participants included ...
Lenox S - - 2014
To investigate the blood flow to the right inferior orbitofrontal cortex in eating disorders during administration of SPECT scans while performing the Conners' Continuous Performance Task (CPT-I or CPT-II). Data were collected from the self-reports of clients seen at the Amen Clinic. Participants included 396 individuals with a self-reported diagnosis ...
Messerly J - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to conduct an investigation of brain areas related to anxiety using SPECT scans. Participants were administered a SPECT scan as part of a general evaluation for a wide variety of psychiatric disorders ranging from ADHD to schizophrenia and brain disorders. They were grouped based ...
Driskell L - - 2014
To assess which brain areas, as measured by SPECT, were related to severity of mania symptomology. Using a symptom checklist, participants (57.3% male, mean age = 40.93 years, SD = 15.71) were determined based on their scores on a factor measuring Mania symptomatology. Quartiles based on upper 25th (n = ...
Cui Yun-Liang YL Department of Critical Care Medicine, Jinan Military General Hospital, Jinan, - - 2014
The intestine plays a vital role in the pathophysiology of sepsis development. The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of rhubarb on intestinal microcirculation in septic rats. We used moorFLPI laser speckle imaging to detect the blood flow of the intestinal mucosa and wall. Using an ...
Summa Noémie M NM Ontario Veterinary College Health Sciences Centre, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1 (Summa, Lee-Chow, Eshar); Le Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vétérinaire, Faculté de médicine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, Québec J2S 2M2 (Larrat); The Center for Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA - - 2014
This study compared blood glucose concentrations measured with a portable blood glucometer and a validated laboratory analyzer in venous blood samples of 20 pet ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). Correlation and agreement were evaluated with a Bland-Altman plot method and Lin's concordance correlation coefficient. Blood glucose concentrations measured with the laboratory ...
Shaddel M M Dept. of Parasitological, School of Medicine, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The prevalence of toxoplasma gondii (T.g) infection in blood donors has been poorly studied. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of acute and chronic toxoplasmosis in blood products. A total of 223 blood products (101 fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and 122 packed cells (PC)) in Imam ...
Obi Ejeatuluchukwu E Faculty of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to measure maternal blood lead level (BLL) and cord BLL in Nigeria and to compare Nigerian data with other data. We investigated the association among maternal and cord BLLs, and some anthropometric parameters of their babies. BLL was measured in the umbilical and maternal ...
Wong Kai Chun KC Department of Cardiovascular Engineering, Institute of Applied Medical Engineering, Helmholtz Institute, RWTH Aachen, Aachen, - - 2014
During ventricular assist device support, a cannula acts as a bridge between the native cardiovascular system and a foreign mechanical device. Cannula tip design strongly affects the function of the cannula and its potential for blood trauma. In this study, the flow fields of five different tip geometries within the ...
Kosaka Ryo R Human Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2014
We have developed a hydrodynamically levitated centrifugal pump as a bridge-to-decision device. The purpose of the present study is to determine the optimal bearing gap of a multiarc radial bearing in the developed blood pump for the reduction of hemolysis. We prepared eight pump models having bearing gaps of 20, ...
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