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Blondin D D Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty HHU, - - 2014
Adrenal disorders are relative frequent with regard to the incidence of adrenal tumors and the high portion in causes of secondary hypertension. Morphological changes in the adrenal glands can lead to very different functional disorders that may be clinically overt or hard to diagnose. On the other hand, they can ...
Teusch V I VI Department of Radiology, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, - - 2014
Aim of our pilot study was the application of a contrast-enhanced color-coded ultrasound perfusion analysis in patients with vascular malformations to quantify microcirculatory alterations. 28 patients (16 female, 12 male, mean age 24.9 years) with high flow (n = 6) or slow-flow (n = 22) malformations were analyzed before intervention. ...
Huang Wenrui W Department of Civil Engineering, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, 32310, USA, - - 2014
Chlorophyll-a (chl-a) is considered as a primary indicator for water quality and foods for oyster growth in Apalachicola estuarine ecosystem. Assessment of chl-a concentration variation in response to river inflow is important for estuarine environmental research and management. In this study, remote sensing analysis has been conducted to evaluate the ...
Kettner M M Department of Experimental Forensic Medicine, Institute of Forensic Medicine, Saarland University Medical School, Homburg/Saar, Germany, - - 2014
Bloodstain pattern analysis is a routine procedure in forensic cases that involve bleeding wounds. It utilizes geometric principles to determine the sequence of actions causing the bloodshed and the area of origin, that is, from where the blood originated. The patterns formed by circular bloodstains from drops of blood that ...
Lewis Nia C S NC Centre for Heart, Lung and Vascular Health, University of British Columbia, Okanagan, Canada - - 2014
We examined two novel hypotheses: 1) That orthostatic tolerance (OT) would be prolonged when hyperventilatory-induced hypocapnia (and hence cerebral hypoperfusion) was prevented; and 2) that pharmacological reductions in cerebral blood flow (CBF) at baseline would lower the "CBF reserve", and ultimately reduce OT. In Study 1 (n = 24; aged ...
Muris Dennis M J DM aDepartment of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+) bCardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM) cDepartment of Social Medicine dCAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care eDepartment of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the - - 2014
Skin microvascular flow motion (SMF) - blood flow fluctuation attributed to the rhythmic contraction and dilation of arterioles - is thought to be an important component of the microcirculation, by ensuring optimal delivery of nutrients and oxygen to tissue and regulating local hydraulic resistance. There is some evidence that SMF ...
Park Sang Jun SJ Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the association between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and 5 heavy metallic elements (lead, mercury, cadmium, manganese, and zinc). A cross-sectional study using a complex, stratified, multistage, probability cluster survey. Participants of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2011. Using a standardized protocol, AMD ...
Wirstlein Przemyslaw K PK Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Division of Reproduction, University of Medical Sciences, PoznaƄ, - - 2014
To answer the question as to whether the markers of thrombophilia in pregnant women, whose pregnancies ended in success, are reflected in the level of inflammation in the blood of the umbilical cord of the newborn. Umbilical cord blood and placenta after childbirth were secured from 16 patients with inherited ...
Roberts Kaleigh Filisa KF Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, 63110, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to measure the flux of amyloid-β (Aβ) across the human cerebral capillary bed in order to determine if transport into the blood is a significant mechanism of clearance for Aβ produced in the central nervous system (CNS). Methods: Time-matched blood samples were simultaneously ...
Bleul Ulrich U Department of Farm Animals, Clinic of Reproductive Medicine, Vetsuisse-Faculty, University of Zurich, - - 2014
To validate the i-STAT, a portable hand-held analyzer that allows point-of-care measurement of blood gases, acid-base, lactate, and other blood variables in food animal practice for analysis of blood samples of newborn calves. Prospective observational study. University teaching hospital. A total of 271 venous blood samples were analyzed for PvO2 ...
Ener Kemal K Urology Clinic, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital , Ankara , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Varicocele, which is the abnormal dilatation of internal spermatic veins, is known as the most surgically correctable cause of male infertility. In the evaluation of testicular arterial and venous blood supply, the scrotal colour Doppler ultrasound (CDU) is a valuable diagnostic method. The aim of this study was ...
Prech Marek M Department of Invasive Cardiology, Kiepury 45, 64-100 Leszno, Poland; I(st) Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Dluga ½, 61-848 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
While the cutoffs of predictive value for ST-segment elevations resolution (STSR) following thrombolysis and/or primary PCI were well documented, the impact of pre-angiography STSR has not been established yet. The aim of this study is to assess prognostic utility of pre-angiography STSR to predict pre-procedural TIMI flow in the infarct-related ...
Noiphung Julaluk J Graduate Program in Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, - - 2014
We propose a new, paper-based analytical device (PAD) for blood typing that allows for the simultaneous determination of ABO and Rh blood groups on the same device. The device was successfully fabricated by using a combination of wax printing and wax dipping methods. A 1:2 blood dilution was used for ...
Perez Juan J - - 2014
Impedance plethysmography applied to the head by using a pair of electrodes attached to the scalp surface is known as bipolar Rheoencephalography or REG I and was originally proposed to measure changes in cerebral blood volume related to the heartbeat. REG I was soon discarded in favor of other REG ...
Franchini M M Massimo Franchini, MD, Director, Dipartimento di Medicina Trasfusionale ed Ematologia, Azienda Ospedaliera Carlo Poma, Mantova, Italy, Tel.: +39 0376 201234, Fax: +39 0376 220144, E-mail: - - 2014
ABO blood group antigens are complex carbohydrate molecules expressed on red blood cells and a variety of tissues. The ABO blood type is implicated in the development of a number of human diseases and there is increasing evidence regarding its involvement in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disorders, mainly through its ...
Sabatini Luigi L Unit of Orthopaedics and Traumathology, Hospital San Luigi Gonzaga Orbassano, University of Turin, Regione Gonzole 10, 10043, Orbassano, Torino, Italy, - - 2014
Blood transfusion is often required in total knee replacement (TKR); several methods of blood preservation are commonly used but the ideal solution is to reduce the blood loss during and after surgery. Aim of the study was to evaluate the hemostatic efficacy and safety of intravenous use of tranexamic acid ...
Baba Yosuke Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, - - 2014
To construct a model to calculating probability of requiring allogeneic blood transfusion on cesarean section (CS) for placenta previa (PP). A retrospective cohort study involving all 205 patients with PP who underwent CS in our institute. We determined the relationship between allogeneic blood transfusion and nine preoperative factors: (1) maternal ...
Holowaychuk Marie K MK Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, - - 2014
To describe the use of a transcutaneous blood gas monitoring system in critically ill dogs, determine if transcutaneous and arterial blood gas values have good agreement, and verify if clinical or laboratory variables are correlated with differences between transcutaneous and arterial blood gas measurements. Prospective observational study. University teaching hospital ...
Carabini Louanne M LM From the Departments of *Anesthesiology and †Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
Many factors affect the accuracy of hemoglobin concentration values. In this study, we evaluated whether the hemoglobin concentration obtained by means of arterial blood gas (ABG) co-oximetry and complete blood count (CBC) central laboratory techniques clinically correlate when using simultaneous measurements of hemoglobin concentration obtained during complex spine fusion surgery. ...
Sullivan I J IJ Blood Transfusion Department; Patient Blood Management Department, Royal Cornwall Hospital Trust, Truro, - - 2014
Haemolysis is still a re-occurring theme in intra-operative cell salvage (ICS) with further haemolysis possibly caused by suction pressure, washing/centrifuging process and aspiration method. Previous investigations, along with manufacturer's reports, state that between 75 and 95% of free haemoglobin (Hb) is removed by the washing and centrifugation process; however, if ...
Simpson Katharine M KM Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK - - 2014
Objective-To evaluate whether pedal bacteremia develops following regional IV perfusion (RIVP) of a 2% lidocaine hydrochloride solution in cattle with deep digital sepsis (DDS) and to determine which bacterial pathogens are most commonly isolated from the pedal circulation. Design-Prospective observational cohort study. Animals-9 adult cattle with DDS in 10 limbs ...
Silverstein Deborah C DC Department of Clinical Studies, Matthew J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
Objective-To assess the microcirculatory effects of IV fluid administration in healthy anesthetized dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy. Animals-49 client-owned dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated, and anesthesia was induced with propofol and diazepam and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. Dogs received lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) IV at rates of 0, 10, or 20 ...
Dunn Wendy J WJ Intensive Care Unit, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC. - - 2014
To examine the effects of patient and treatmentrelated variables on filter lifespan in critically ill adults receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). This was a single-centre, retrospective, observational study conducted in a tertiary referral centre in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. All CRRT filters used over a 44-month period from 1 January ...
Zusman M - - 2014
This study attempted to differentiate between ADHD patients, primarily inattentive subtype, from a healthy comparison group, using high resolution brain SPECT imaging. Participants included 140 patients with ADHD inattentive type and 149 demographically-matched controls. All participants underwent brain SPECT imaging at rest and during concentration using semiquantitative visual readings. A ...
Blose M - - 2014
The study examined whether nicotine disorders affect cerebral blood flow at baseline and while concentrating. Two hundred and sixty two individuals with a diagnosis of a nicotine disorder and 94 healthy controls were given a single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scan as part of a comprehensive evaluation. Participants included ...
Lenox S - - 2014
To investigate the blood flow to the right inferior orbitofrontal cortex in eating disorders during administration of SPECT scans while performing the Conners' Continuous Performance Task (CPT-I or CPT-II). Data were collected from the self-reports of clients seen at the Amen Clinic. Participants included 396 individuals with a self-reported diagnosis ...
Messerly J - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to conduct an investigation of brain areas related to anxiety using SPECT scans. Participants were administered a SPECT scan as part of a general evaluation for a wide variety of psychiatric disorders ranging from ADHD to schizophrenia and brain disorders. They were grouped based ...
Driskell L - - 2014
To assess which brain areas, as measured by SPECT, were related to severity of mania symptomology. Using a symptom checklist, participants (57.3% male, mean age = 40.93 years, SD = 15.71) were determined based on their scores on a factor measuring Mania symptomatology. Quartiles based on upper 25th (n = ...
Cui Yun-Liang YL Department of Critical Care Medicine, Jinan Military General Hospital, Jinan, - - 2014
The intestine plays a vital role in the pathophysiology of sepsis development. The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of rhubarb on intestinal microcirculation in septic rats. We used moorFLPI laser speckle imaging to detect the blood flow of the intestinal mucosa and wall. Using an ...
Summa Noémie M NM Ontario Veterinary College Health Sciences Centre, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1 (Summa, Lee-Chow, Eshar); Le Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vétérinaire, Faculté de médicine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, Québec J2S 2M2 (Larrat); The Center for Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA - - 2014
This study compared blood glucose concentrations measured with a portable blood glucometer and a validated laboratory analyzer in venous blood samples of 20 pet ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). Correlation and agreement were evaluated with a Bland-Altman plot method and Lin's concordance correlation coefficient. Blood glucose concentrations measured with the laboratory ...
Shaddel M M Dept. of Parasitological, School of Medicine, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The prevalence of toxoplasma gondii (T.g) infection in blood donors has been poorly studied. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of acute and chronic toxoplasmosis in blood products. A total of 223 blood products (101 fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and 122 packed cells (PC)) in Imam ...
Obi Ejeatuluchukwu E Faculty of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to measure maternal blood lead level (BLL) and cord BLL in Nigeria and to compare Nigerian data with other data. We investigated the association among maternal and cord BLLs, and some anthropometric parameters of their babies. BLL was measured in the umbilical and maternal ...
Wong Kai Chun KC Department of Cardiovascular Engineering, Institute of Applied Medical Engineering, Helmholtz Institute, RWTH Aachen, Aachen, - - 2014
During ventricular assist device support, a cannula acts as a bridge between the native cardiovascular system and a foreign mechanical device. Cannula tip design strongly affects the function of the cannula and its potential for blood trauma. In this study, the flow fields of five different tip geometries within the ...
Kosaka Ryo R Human Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2014
We have developed a hydrodynamically levitated centrifugal pump as a bridge-to-decision device. The purpose of the present study is to determine the optimal bearing gap of a multiarc radial bearing in the developed blood pump for the reduction of hemolysis. We prepared eight pump models having bearing gaps of 20, ...
De Kesel Pieter M M PM Laboratory of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ghent University, Ottergemsesteenweg 460, 9000, Ghent, - - 2014
Although dried blood spot (DBS) sampling is increasingly receiving interest as a potential alternative to traditional blood sampling, the impact of hematocrit (Hct) on DBS results is limiting its final breakthrough in routine bioanalysis. To predict the Hct of a given DBS, potassium (K(+)) proved to be a reliable marker. ...
Søgaard Søren Vinter SV Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, DK-2100Copenhagen, - - 2014
Powder flow in small-scale equipment is challenging to predict. To meet this need, the impact of consolidation during powder flow characterization, the level of consolidation existing during discharge of powders from a tablet press hopper and the uncertainty of shear and wall friction measurements at small consolidation stresses were investigated. ...
Storry Jill R JR Division of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Clinical Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, Laboratory Medicine, Office of Medical Services, Lund, - - 2014
Discrepancies in ABO grouping arise due to different reasons, posing a threat to patient safety. Underlying causes include mixed-field agglutination after transfusion, chimerism, fetomaternal exchange, or inheritance of unusual alleles resulting in weak A/B antigen expression. Cord blood from the infant of a group A2 B mother typed as group ...
Kildey Katrina K Research and Development, Australian Red Cross Blood Service, Brisbane, Australia; Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, - - 2014
Transfusion of blood components has been associated with poor patient outcomes and, an overall increase in morbidity and mortality. Differences in the blood components arising from donor health, age and immune status may impact on outcomes of transfusion and transfusion-related immune modulation in recipients. The aim of this study was ...
Bennett Mj M Department of Cardiothoracic Anaesthesia, South West Cardiothoracic Centre, Plymouth, UK - - 2014
To determine the influence of haemodilution, bypass flow rates and calculated oxygen delivery during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with either a conventional CPB (C-CPB) circuit or a miniaturised (Mini-CPB) circuit on cerebral oxygen desaturation. The effect of minimal haemodilution with a Mini-CPB was investigated. Eighty patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery. ...
Raikos Nikolaos N Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Bern, Bühlstr. 20, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland; Laboratory of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Medical School, Aristotle University, 54124 Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid A (THCA-A) is the biosynthetic precursor of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in cannabis plants, and has no psychotropic effects. THCA-A can be detected in blood and urine, and several metabolites have been identified. THCA-A was also shown to be incorporated in hair by side stream smoke to a minor extent, ...
Hussain Shabneez S Section of Hematology, Department of Pathology, Microbiology, The Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This audit was conducted as a part of a quality assurance activity to assess the frequency of receiving completely filled out blood transfusion reaction forms which were accompanied by the required samples. Once this information is known, we will elevate the bar each year to achieve 100% compliance. The sub-aim ...
Igbokwe Nanacha Afifi - - 2014
Abstract Background: Heparinised blood was exposed to osmotic lysis in hypotonic buffered saline to evaluate erythrocyte membrane stability. When K3 EDTA blood was used, it added more to the ionic content of blood than heparin. The influence of suspending media's ionic strength on the osmotic stability of Sahel goat erythrocytes ...
Jang B B Sydney Knee Specialists, Edgecliff, NSW, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To evaluate the effect of intra-articular tranexamic acid (TXA) on blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS. Medical records of 73 men and 93 women (mean age, 68 years) who underwent primary TKA for osteoarthritis and received intra-articular TXA 1500 mg (n=56) or 3000 mg (n=56) or not ...
Wei Wei W Department of Orthopaedic, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine whether topical tranexamic acid (TXA) carried similar hemostatic effect compared with intravenous TXA in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Three hundred and three THA patients were enrolled and randomized into 3 groups: no TXA group, topical and intravenous TXA group. The results showed ...
Guerci Philippe P 1Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University Hospital Nancy, Vandoeuvre-Lès-Nancy, France. 2Department of Anesthesiology and Obstetric Critical Care Unit, Maternity Hospital, Nancy, France. 3Faculty of Medicine, University of Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-Lès-Nancy, - - 2014
To determine the regional cerebral oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (rcSO2) in severe preeclamptic parturients exhibiting neurologic symptoms compared with healthy pregnant women (control) and to describe the effects of MgSO4 infusion on rcSO2 and cerebral and systemic hemodynamic variables. Prospective, observational study. Obstetric critical care unit in a university-affiliated hospital. ...
Hasin Tal T Divisions of Cardiovascular Diseases*, Cardiothoracic Surgery†, Department of Anesthesiology§ and Department of Health Sciences Research‡ Mayo Clinic, USA. Division of Cardiac Surgery University Hospitals Case Medical Center, - - 2014
Cardiac output (CO) assessment is important in treating patients with heart failure. Durable left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) provide essentially all CO. In currently used LVADs estimated device flow is generated by a computerized algorithm. However LVAD flow estimate may be inaccurate in tracking true cardiac output. We correlated LVAD ...
Kanto-Nishimaki Yuko Y Department of Forensic Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Few large-scale investigations have looked at the oxyhemoglobin ratio (%O2-Hb) or the carboxyhemoglobin ratio (%CO-Hb) in fatal hypothermia and death by fire as applicable to forensic medicine. We therefore retrospectively examined right and left cardiac blood samples for both %O2-Hb and %CO-Hb in 690 forensic autopsy cases. We therefore sought ...
Jackson Mary L ML Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine, 900 East Campus Drive, Columbia, MO, - - 2014
To establish reference intervals for whole blood and plasma colloid osmotic pressure (COP) in healthy cats between the ages of 1 and 10 years using a cage-side colloid osmometer. Prospective, observational study. University veterinary teaching hospital. Sixty-three healthy cats. Phlebotomy. Whole blood COP mean was 24.4 (±2.78) mmHg and plasma ...
Labrecque Lyne L Department of Biochemistry, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal - - 2014
To determine the effectiveness of portable lactate analyzers in identifying fetal acidosis by correlating arterial and venous lactate values from umbilical cord blood with lactate, pH, and base excess measurements from central laboratory analyzers. We performed a prospective study using arterial and venous cord blood from 52 women with a ...
Egginton S S School of Biomedical Sciences, University of - - 2014
Dr Olga Hudlická, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Physiology, University of Birmingham Medical School, died suddenly on 3(rd) May not long after a fall. She was one of the best-known vascular physiologists of the last century, investigating control of blood flow and regulation of angiogenesis in skeletal and cardiac ...
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