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Arthur Connie M CM The Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, - - 2015
Over a century ago, Karl Landsteiner discovered that blood group antigens could predict the immunological outcome of red blood cell transfusion. While the discovery of ABO(H) blood group antigens revolutionized transfusion medicine, many questions remain regarding the development and regulation of naturally occurring anti-blood group antibody formation. Early studies suggested ...
Good Christopher C a The Conservation Fund's Freshwater Institute, 1098 Turner Road , Shepherdstown , West Virginia 25443 , - - 2014
Abstract During a controlled 6-month study using six replicated water recirculation aquaculture systems (WRASs), it was observed that Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss in all WRASs exhibited a higher-than-normal prevalence of side swimming (i.e., controlled, forward swimming but with misaligned orientation such that the fish's sagittal axis is approximately parallel to ...
von Schweinitz Benjamin A BA Department of Emergency Medicine, San Antonio Military Medical Center, JBSA-Fort Sam Houston, TX, 78234, USA, - - 2014
Non-invasive hemoglobin measuring technology has potential for rapid, portable, and accurate way of providing identification of blood loss or anemia. Our objective is to determine if this technology is reliable in critically ill patients presenting to the Emergency Department. Prospective cross-sectional observational study was done at an urban level-one trauma ...
Kruse Nicholas T NT Cardiopulmonary and Metabolism Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, - - 2014
This study determined human skeletal muscle oxygenation dynamics during and after a single bout of self-administered stretching (SAS) of the plantar flexors. Nine healthy recreationally fit men (n = 7; age = 25·7 years) and women (n = 2; age = 23·5 years) performed two protocols: (i) one bout of SAS for 4 min and (ii) one bout of moderate intensity ...
Xu Feng F Advanced Imaging Research Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
While it is known that specific nuclei of the brain, for example hypothalamus, contain glucose-sensing neurons thus their activity is affected by blood glucose level, the effect of glucose modulation on whole-brain metabolism is not completely understood. Several recent reports have elucidated the long-term impact of caloric restriction on the ...
Simončič Urban U aJožef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana bThe Centre of Excellence for Biosensors, Instrumentation and Process Control - COBIK, Ajdovščina, Slovenia cUniversity of Bordeaux, CNRS, INCIA, UMR 5287, Talence, France dMolecular Imaging Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2014
Quantitative PET studies often require the cumbersome and invasive procedure of arterial cannulation to measure the input function. This study sought to minimize the number of necessary blood samples by developing a factor-analysis-based image-derived input function (IDIF) methodology for dynamic PET brain studies. IDIF estimation was performed as follows: (a) ...
Fryer Simon S a School of Sport and Exercise , University of Gloucester , Gloucester , - - 2014
Abstract Currently, the physiological mechanisms that allow elite level climbers to maintain intense isometric contractions for prolonged periods of time are unknown. Furthermore, it is unclear whether blood flow or muscle oxidative capacity best governs performance. This study aimed to determine the haemodynamic kinetics of 2 forearm flexor muscles in ...
Sonoda Shozo S Department of Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences , Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima , - - 2014
Abstract Background/purpose: To see the relationship between blood components and optical coherence tomography (OCT) reflectivity using an animal model in which the aqueous humor was substituted by different experimental solutions without changing the integrity of the retina. Materials and methods: The aqueous humor of an enucleated swine eye was replaced ...
Yildiz Ali A Department of Cardiology, Harran University School of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Turkey - - 2014
We aimed to assess the impact of meteorological variables on coronary blood flow (CBF). Coronary blood flow was evaluated using the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count (TFC). The association of CBF with meteorological parameters such as temperature, relative humidity, total solar radiation, atmospheric pressure, wind velocity, and total sunshine ...
Sobolevsky Tim - - 2014
The laboratory anti-doping services during XXII Winter Olympic and XI Paralympic Games in Sochi in 2014 were provided by a satellite laboratory facility. In total, 2134 urine and 479 blood samples were analyzed during Olympic Games (OG), and 403 urine and 108 blood samples-during Paralympic Games (PG). The number of ...
Manjari Rao R Department of Veterinary Physiology & Climatology, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, GBPUAT, Pantnagar, 263145, Uttarakhand, - - 2014
Heat and humidity stress is a constant challenge to buffalo rearing under tropical climatic conditions. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) constitute a ubiquitous class of highly conserved proteins that contribute to cell survival during different conditions of stress. The present study was carried out in Tarai buffaloes to study the expression ...
Poon R R Private Practice in Oral Medicine Changchun, - - 2014
Background Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic condition of burning of the tongue and oral mucosa. It is often accompanied with complaints of xerostomia, although it is unknown whether the dryness is a sensory change similar to the burning sensation or due to hyposalivation. To determine whether there is ...
Dawes Emeritus Colin EC Dept. of Oral Biology University of Manitoba Winnipeg, - - 2014
Background Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic condition of burning of the tongue and oral mucosa. It is often accompanied with complaints of xerostomia, although it is unknown whether the dryness is a sensory change similar to the burning sensation or due to hyposalivation. To determine whether there is ...
Tar Moses M Department of Urology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY, - - 2014
Patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) suffer from erectile dysfunction (ED) refractory to phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors, which act downstream of cavernous nerve (CN)-mediated release of nitric oxide (NO). Direct delivery of NO to the penis could potentially circumvent this limitation. This study aimed to determine if topically applied NO-releasing nanoparticles (NO-NPs) ...
Barzilay Eran E Department of obstetrics and gynecology, Sheba medical center, Tel-Hashomer, Ramat-Gan, 52621, Israel. Affiliated to the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, - - 2014
Blood-vessel resistance is assessed by flow velocity indexes. However, the actual resistance should be more strongly correlated with vessel diameter rather than variations in flow velocity. We aimed to determine the utility of middle cerebral artery (MCA) diameter measurement as a tool for evaluating brain sparing effect in IUGR discordant ...
Saini Shiv Sajan SS Neonatal Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, - - 2014
We thank Schneider and colleagues (1) for an interesting paper. The authors have shown significant differences in cerebral tissue oxygenation levels among four commercially available NIRS devices.Different measurement intervals, light wavelengths used, trends or absolute value measurements, light pathway distance (depends on probe size and manufacturer), and algorithm of venous ...
Matysiak Edyta E Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, ul. Pasteura 1, PL-02-093 Warsaw, - - 2014
An effective, fast, facile and direct electrochemical method of determination of hemoglobin (Hb) in blood sample without any sample preparation is described. The method is accomplished by using the ferromagnetic electrode modifier (carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles) and an external magnetic field. The successful voltammetric determination of hemoglobin is achieved in PBS ...
Guan Stanford S Program in Public Health, Stony Brook University, United - - 2014
Although the benefits of fish consumption are widely recognized, seafood may also be a source of exposure to heavy metals such as cadmium. Many types of seafood are rich in cadmium, but bioavailability and potential for toxicity after consumption is less clear. This study investigates the relationship between seafood intake ...
Uekusa Hiroyuki H Department of Neurosurgery (Omori), School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Toho University, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the association between subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced delayed cerebral vasospasm (DCVS) and oxidative stress, an oxidation product, hydroperoxide, was measured in 3 specimens: peripheral arterial blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and internal jugular venous blood (IJVB). Hydroperoxide was measured using the diacron reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) test. The hydroperoxide levels were ...
Klefter Oliver Niels ON Department of Ophthalmology, Glostrup Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark; Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To test the oxygen reactivity of a fundus photographic method of measuring macular perfusion velocity and to integrate macular perfusion velocities with measurements of retinal vessel diameters and blood oxygen saturation. Sixteen eyes in 16 healthy volunteers were studied at two examination sessions using motion-contrast velocimetry and retinal oximetry with ...
Del Pozzi Andrew T AT Department of Pediatrics New York Medical College, Hawthorne, NY 10532; Department of Physiology, New York Medical College, Hawthorne, NY 10532; Department of Kinesiology, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL - - 2014
To determine the effect of repeated bouts of local skin heating on the roles of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and sympathetic nerves in cutaneous vasodilatation. In 3 repeated-heating protocols skin blood flux of the forearm and leg were measured using laser-Doppler flowmetry and data are presented as cutaneous vascular conductance ...
Jeong Ji Seon JS Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Samsung Medical Centre, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate emergence times with different fresh gas flow rates, following desflurane anaesthesia. Patients undergoing surgery with desflurane anaesthesia were randomly assigned to receive fresh gas flow rates of 100% oxygen during emergence of 2 l/min (group D2), 4 l/min (group D4) or 6 l/min (group D6). Time to eye opening, spontaneous movement ...
Elbaz Mohammed S M - - 2014
LV diastolic vortex formation has been suggested to critically contribute to efficient blood pumping function, while altered vortex formation has been associated with LV pathologies. Therefore, quantitative characterization of vortex flow might provide a novel objective tool for evaluating LV function. The objectives of this study were 1) assess feasibility ...
van Vliet Danique D Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Tyrosinemia type 1 (HT1) is an inborn error of tyrosine catabolism caused by fumarylacetoacetase deficiency. Biochemically, this results in accumulation of toxic metabolites including succinylacetone. Clinically, HT1 is characterized by severe liver, kidney, and neurological problems. Treatment with NTBC and dietary restriction of tyrosine and phenylalanine have strongly improved outcome, ...
Quin Jacquelyn J Surgery Service, Veterans Affairs (VA) Boston Healthcare System, West Roxbury, - - 2014
Transit time flow (TTF) probes may be useful for predicting long-term graft patency and assessing grafts intraoperatively in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG); however, studies of TTF probe use are limited. To examine 1-year graft patency and intraoperative revision rates in patients undergoing CABG based on intraoperative TTF ...
Baron Joel J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 151, 84101, Beer-Sheba, - - 2014
To evaluate blood flow Doppler velocimetry during the first and second stages of active labor. A prospective observational study was performed. Patients at term (37-42 weeks gestation), with normal fetal heart rate tracing patterns (categorized as category I) were examined during the first and second stages of labor. The sonographic parameters ...
Omarjee Loukman L Laboratory of physiology, vascular investigations, University Hospital 49933 Angers Cedex 09, - - 2014
Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) allows an easy non-contact monitoring of the cutaneous blood flow (CBF), but is highly sensitive to movement artifacts (ARTm). Subtraction of a signal recorded on an adhesive opaque surface (AOS) close to the area of interest was reported as a mean of reducing noise from ...
Staff James F JF Health and Safety Laboratory, Harpur Hill, Buxton, SK17 9JN, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whole blood is the established matrix for biological monitoring of inorganic lead; however blood sampling is an invasive procedure. Saliva offers a potential non-invasive alternative. This study determines lead in whole blood and saliva. A novel method for saliva sampling and preparation is presented. Paired blood and saliva samples were ...
Vilozni Daphna D Pediatric Pulmonary Unit and The National Center for Cystic Fibrosis, The Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel, affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. daphna.vilozni@sheba.health.gov.il - - 2014
Cough is part of life in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Weak coughing may add to increased respiratory disease that affects the mechanical properties of cough in these patients. In this study, we investigated cough characteristics in relation to forced expiratory flow/volume indices in CF. This prospective study included 54 ...
Hou Yajun Y Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA. College of Science, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110159, People's Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study was to adapt a novel near-infrared diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) flow-oximeter for simultaneous and continuous monitoring of relative changes in cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and cerebral oxygenation (i.e. oxygenated/deoxygenated/total hemoglobin concentration: Δ[HbO2]/Δ[Hb]/ΔTHC) during overnight nocturnal polysomnography (NPSG) diagnostic test for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea (OSAH). A ...
Veglia Fabrizio F From Centro Cardiologico Monzino IRCCS, Milan, Italy (F.V., M.A., M.G., A.R., C.C.T., B.F., E.T., D.B.); and Dipartimento di Scienze Farmacologiche e Biomolecolari, Università di Milano, Milan, Italy (E.T., D.B.). - - 2014
The use of indices formed from the ratio of 2 variables often generates spurious correlations with other variables that are mathematically coupled. In this context, we examined the correlations between percent flow-mediated dilation, baseline diameter, and shear rate. In a sample of 315 participants, with and without substantial vascular risk ...
Saxena R R Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Evelina London Children's Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, Westminster Bridge Road, London, SE1 7EH, UK, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the qualitative and quantitative accuracy of transpulmonary ultrasound dilution (UD) (COstatus™, Transonic Systems) for the detection of small anatomic shunts. It was a prospective, observational study in a multi-disciplinary pediatric intensive care unit. Seventy-three critically ill children (67 post cardiac surgery), with a ...
Körperich Hermann H Institute for Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Heart and Diabetes Center Northrhine-Westfalia, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Georgstraße 11, D-32545 Bad Oeynhausen, Germany - - 2014
Blood flow rate quantification using two-dimensional phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI) results in averaging of flow information due to long acquisition times precluding the examination of short-term effects. The aim of this study was to determine respiration-related flow rate variations by non-electrocardiographic triggered real-time phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI). Real-time PC-MRI was applied to ...
Mulla H H Department of Pharmacy, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, UK, - - 2014
Systemic exposure to parabens in the neonatal population, in particular propyl-parabens (PPB), remains a concern. Blood concentrations and kinetics of methyl-parabens (MPB) and PPB were therefore determined in neonates receiving medicines containing these excipients. A multi-centre, non-interventional, observational study of excipient-kinetics in neonates. 'Dried Blood Spot' samples were collected opportunistically ...
Pavlov A N AN Department of Physics, Saratov State University, Astrakhanskaya Str. 83, Saratov, 410012, Russia. Saratov State Technical University, Politehnicheskaya Str. 77, Saratov, 410054, Russia. Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, People's Republic of - - 2014
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is the major problem of modern neonatal intensive care. Abnormalities of cerebral venous blood flow (CVBF) can play a crucial role in the development of ICH in infants. The mechanisms underlying these pathological processes remain unclear; however it has been established that the activation of the adrenorelated ...
Gallo Diego D Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, 10129, Turin, - - 2014
The rationale for this study lies in the well-known predilection for vascular disease of the carotid bifurcation, attributed to an altered shear stress distribution at the luminal surface and mitigated by helical fluid structures establishing inside the bifurcation. Here we investigate the mechanistic role played by the common carotid artery ...
Blondin D D Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty HHU, - - 2014
Adrenal disorders are relative frequent with regard to the incidence of adrenal tumors and the high portion in causes of secondary hypertension. Morphological changes in the adrenal glands can lead to very different functional disorders that may be clinically overt or hard to diagnose. On the other hand, they can ...
Teusch V I VI Department of Radiology, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, - - 2014
Aim of our pilot study was the application of a contrast-enhanced color-coded ultrasound perfusion analysis in patients with vascular malformations to quantify microcirculatory alterations. 28 patients (16 female, 12 male, mean age 24.9 years) with high flow (n = 6) or slow-flow (n = 22) malformations were analyzed before intervention. ...
Huang Wenrui W Department of Civil Engineering, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, 32310, USA, - - 2014
Chlorophyll-a (chl-a) is considered as a primary indicator for water quality and foods for oyster growth in Apalachicola estuarine ecosystem. Assessment of chl-a concentration variation in response to river inflow is important for estuarine environmental research and management. In this study, remote sensing analysis has been conducted to evaluate the ...
Kettner M M Department of Experimental Forensic Medicine, Institute of Forensic Medicine, Saarland University Medical School, Homburg/Saar, Germany, - - 2014
Bloodstain pattern analysis is a routine procedure in forensic cases that involve bleeding wounds. It utilizes geometric principles to determine the sequence of actions causing the bloodshed and the area of origin, that is, from where the blood originated. The patterns formed by circular bloodstains from drops of blood that ...
Lewis Nia C S NC Centre for Heart, Lung and Vascular Health, University of British Columbia, Okanagan, Canada - - 2014
We examined two novel hypotheses: 1) That orthostatic tolerance (OT) would be prolonged when hyperventilatory-induced hypocapnia (and hence cerebral hypoperfusion) was prevented; and 2) that pharmacological reductions in cerebral blood flow (CBF) at baseline would lower the "CBF reserve", and ultimately reduce OT. In Study 1 (n = 24; aged ...
Muris Dennis M J DM aDepartment of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+) bCardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM) cDepartment of Social Medicine dCAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care eDepartment of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the - - 2014
Skin microvascular flow motion (SMF) - blood flow fluctuation attributed to the rhythmic contraction and dilation of arterioles - is thought to be an important component of the microcirculation, by ensuring optimal delivery of nutrients and oxygen to tissue and regulating local hydraulic resistance. There is some evidence that SMF ...
Park Sang Jun SJ Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the association between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and 5 heavy metallic elements (lead, mercury, cadmium, manganese, and zinc). A cross-sectional study using a complex, stratified, multistage, probability cluster survey. Participants of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2011. Using a standardized protocol, AMD ...
Wirstlein Przemyslaw K PK Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Division of Reproduction, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, - - 2014
To answer the question as to whether the markers of thrombophilia in pregnant women, whose pregnancies ended in success, are reflected in the level of inflammation in the blood of the umbilical cord of the newborn. Umbilical cord blood and placenta after childbirth were secured from 16 patients with inherited ...
Roberts Kaleigh Filisa KF Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, 63110, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to measure the flux of amyloid-β (Aβ) across the human cerebral capillary bed in order to determine if transport into the blood is a significant mechanism of clearance for Aβ produced in the central nervous system (CNS). Methods: Time-matched blood samples were simultaneously ...
Bleul Ulrich U Department of Farm Animals, Clinic of Reproductive Medicine, Vetsuisse-Faculty, University of Zurich, - - 2014
To validate the i-STAT, a portable hand-held analyzer that allows point-of-care measurement of blood gases, acid-base, lactate, and other blood variables in food animal practice for analysis of blood samples of newborn calves. Prospective observational study. University teaching hospital. A total of 271 venous blood samples were analyzed for PvO2 ...
Ener Kemal K Urology Clinic, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital , Ankara , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Varicocele, which is the abnormal dilatation of internal spermatic veins, is known as the most surgically correctable cause of male infertility. In the evaluation of testicular arterial and venous blood supply, the scrotal colour Doppler ultrasound (CDU) is a valuable diagnostic method. The aim of this study was ...
Prech Marek M Department of Invasive Cardiology, Kiepury 45, 64-100 Leszno, Poland; I(st) Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Dluga ½, 61-848 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
While the cutoffs of predictive value for ST-segment elevations resolution (STSR) following thrombolysis and/or primary PCI were well documented, the impact of pre-angiography STSR has not been established yet. The aim of this study is to assess prognostic utility of pre-angiography STSR to predict pre-procedural TIMI flow in the infarct-related ...
Noiphung Julaluk J Graduate Program in Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, - - 2014
We propose a new, paper-based analytical device (PAD) for blood typing that allows for the simultaneous determination of ABO and Rh blood groups on the same device. The device was successfully fabricated by using a combination of wax printing and wax dipping methods. A 1:2 blood dilution was used for ...
Perez Juan J - - 2014
Impedance plethysmography applied to the head by using a pair of electrodes attached to the scalp surface is known as bipolar Rheoencephalography or REG I and was originally proposed to measure changes in cerebral blood volume related to the heartbeat. REG I was soon discarded in favor of other REG ...
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