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Rahman Md Mahbubur MM Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University, 567 Baekje-daero, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju-si, Jeollabuk-do, 561-756, Republic of - - 2014
Magnesium (Mg) plays a central role in neuronal activity, cardiac excitability, neuromuscular transmission, muscular contraction, vasomotor tone, and blood pressure, all of which are significantly related to physical performance. To date, the available data about detection of blood total Mg (tMg; free-ionized, protein-bound, and anion-complex forms) are inconsistent, and there ...
Takiwaki Masaki M Department of Clinical Laboratory and Molecular Pathology, Graduate School of Medical and Pharmaceutical Science, University of Toyama, Toyama, - - 2014
Among subfractions of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), small dense LDL-C (SdLDL-C) has been highlighted as the most atherogenic lipoprotein cholesterol. The present study aimed to compare the relationship of SdLDL-C with blood viscosity, a surrogate marker for cardiovascular disease, with that of other lipid fractions with blood viscosity in essential ...
Henriksen Linda O LO Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Regional Hospital West Jutland , Herning and Holstebro , - - 2014
Background. Suitable procedures for transport of blood samples from general practitioners to hospital laboratories are requested. Here we explore routine testing on samples stored and transported as whole blood in lithium-heparin or serum tubes. Methods. Blood samples were collected from 106 hospitalized patients, and analyzed on Architect c8000 or Advia ...
Selleri Paolo P Clinica per Animali Esotici, Centro Veterinario Specialistico, Via Sandro Giovannini 53, 00137 Roma, - - 2014
Objective-To evaluate performance of a human portable blood glucose meter (PBGM), a veterinary PBGM, and a veterinary benchtop analyzer for measuring blood glucose concentration in rabbits and to evaluate the effect of sample characteristics on their performance. Design-Observational prospective cross-sectional study. Sample-Blood samples from 89 pet rabbits. Procedures-Blood glucose concentration ...
Corigiano M M Private practice, Rome, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate a biochemical marker with different elements of a normal blood serum and centrifuged blood serum after a different rotation system. For this technique, we used five fractions of a blood Concentrated Growth Factors system (bCGF) and a particular device for the different ...
Inaba T T Department of Infection Control and Laboratory Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
Pentra MS CRP is a new automated hematology analyzer that can rapidly and reliably provide 5-part differential of leukocytes (5-Diff) and C-reactive protein (CRP) within approximately 3.5 min using a small volume of whole blood (35 μL). We evaluated the basic performance of Pentra MS CRP and correlations with Sysmex XN-3000, manual ...
Christensen Robert D RD Women and Newborns Program, Ogden, - - 2014
It is not clear whether red blood cell (RBC) transfusions typically increase a neonate's total serum bilirubin (TSB) level or if so by how much. In this retrospective analysis, from 2009 through 2012, we collected TSB measurements before and after transfusions, recording blood types of mothers, neonates, and blood donors ...
Yang Pu-Yu - - 2014
The yellow-marginated box turtle (Cuora flavomarginata) is critically endangered and very few studies have been performed to aid the conservation effort. This study reports the first complete analysis of blood parameters for this species and will provide a reference for future conservation studies. Hematology and biochemistry reference range values were ...
Rifkin Stephen I SI Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine , Tampa, FL , USA - - 2014
Abstract We describe a patient who presented on two occasions with severe hypobicarbonatemia and an associated high anion gap on enzymatic analysis. She also had profound hyperlipidemia. Her low bicarbonate was shown to be factitious by analysis of her blood using a direct ion-selective electrode method. Reanalysis of blood samples ...
Elkon Benjamin B 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. 2Department of Neurosurgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. 3Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
We sought 1) to describe the severity and duration of hyperglycemia among surviving and dying children after traumatic brain injury; 2) to evaluate whether persistent severe hyperglycemia (averaged blood glucose > 200 mg/dL [11 mmol/L] during the first 12 hr after injury) is independently associated with poor Glasgow Outcome Score; ...
Li Yue Y State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Kunming , China - - 2014
Abstract Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is crucial to mitochondria in energy production and other physiological functions. When lowlanders arrive at high altitude, the mitochondrial content tends to decrease. However, the mtDNA content of native highlanders share the same feature as lowlanders remains unknown. It is also interesting to dissect the other ...
De Felip Elena E Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Dipartimento Ambiente e connessa Prevenzione Primaria, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate if protracted living in degraded environments of the Caserta and Naples provinces (Campania Region, Italy) had an impact on exposure of local people, highly toxic persistent contaminants were measured in blood, blood serum, and human milk of a large number of healthy donors. Sampling was carried out from ...
Rasool Mahmood M Mahmood Rasool, Center of Excellence in Genomic Medicine Research (CEGMR),King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2014
Objective : Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is considered to be a serious life threatening issue for almost two decades. The objective of this study was to evaluate the over production of lipid peroxidation (LPO) byproducts and disturbances in antioxidant defense system in the pathogenesis of oral cancer. Methods : ...
Kim Jae Jun - - 2014
Pectus excavatum is the most common congenital chest wall deformity and the depression of the anterior chest wall, which compresses the internal organs. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of pectus excavatum on blood laboratory findings.Material and Methods: From March 2011 to December 2011, 71 ...
Park Dong-Uk DU Department of Environmental Health, Korea National Open University, Seoul, South Korea, - - 2014
We analyzed national data on blood lead levels (BLL) and blood cadmium levels (BCL) in residents living near 38 abandoned metal mining areas (n = 5,682, 18-96 years old) in Korea that were collected by the first Health Effect Surveillance for Residents in Abandoned Metal mines (HESRAM) from 2008 to 2011. The geometric ...
Veronesi M C MC Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, - - 2014
The knowledge of reference ranges for hematologic, biochemical, and blood gas parameters in the different species and the influence of breed and age on them is a fundamental tool for the clinician. For this reason, the aim of this study was to evaluate the age-related changes of hematologic and biochemical ...
Wasniewski Marine M French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES), Nancy Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, European Union Reference Laboratory for Rabies, European Union Reference Laboratory for Rabies Serology, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, Technopôle agricole et vétérinaire de Pixérécourt, CS 40009, 54220 Malzéville, - - 2014
The effectiveness of oral rabies vaccination in wildlife is usually evaluated by the detection of rabies antibodies. However, the assessment of rabies antibodies has several technical difficulties in the field, such as the collection, storage, transport and titration of blood samples, often of poor quality. The objective of this study ...
Peters Godefridus J GJ a Department of Medical Oncology , VU University Medical Center , Amsterdam , The - - 2014
Cytidine deaminase (CDA) plays a crucial role in the degradation of cytidine analogs, such as gemcitabine and cytarabine. Several studies showed that a low CDA activity is associated with more toxicity but a higher efficacy, while a high activity will lead to a lower efficacy but less toxicity. A stratified ...
Shailaja M M Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara University, Rajendra Nagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
The presence of lead (Pb) in milk and its interaction with trace elements is a serious health concern. Present study is aimed at determining Pb and trace element (Fe, Zn and Mg) levels in milk and blood/serum samples of lactating buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) living in a market-area (Group-A) and a ...
Riederer Anne M AM Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
Trihalomethanes (THMs) are water disinfection by-products that have been associated with bladder cancer and adverse birth outcomes. Four (bromoform, chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane) were measured in blood and tap water of U.S. adults in NHANES 1999-2006. THMs are metabolized to potentially toxic/mutagenic intermediates by cytochrome p450 (CYP) 2D6 and CYP2E1 enzymes. ...
Bıçakçı Zafer Z Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Unit of Pediatric Hematology, Demetevler, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Metabolic alkalosis, which is a non-massive blood transfusion complication, is not reported in the literature although metabolic alkalosis dependent on citrate metabolism is reported to be a massive blood transfusion complication. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of elevated carbon dioxide production due to citrate metabolism ...
Kanda Junya J Department of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Lipocalin 2 (LCN2 or neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin) is a secretory protein discovered from neutrophils, which accumulates in the blood and urine during acute kidney injury (AKI) and in the blood by bacterial infection. Little is known about the tissue source and molecular forms of this protein under normal and pathophysiologic ...
Brown Derrick D ArtEZ Institute of the Arts, Onderlangs 9, 6812 CE Arnhem, the Netherlands. Tel +31655358027. - - 2014
Ingesting quality carbohydrates has been shown to be essential for dancers. Given that most dance classes take place in the morning, it has been recommended that dancers eat a well-balanced breakfast containing carbohydrates, fats, and protein as a means of fuelling this activity. The aim of this study was to ...
Holz Olaf - - 2014
The aim of this study was to test whether repeatable biomarkers collected from serum, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and sputum of healthy smokers and smokers with COPD would have a prognostic value with respect to the decline in lung function over a 5 year period. In 2006/2007 we had repeatedly collected ...
Igawa Tsukasa T Department of Nephro-urology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, - - 2014
The clinical usefulness of [-2]pro-PSA (where PSA is prostate-specific antigen) in prostate cancer diagnosis has been emphasized in recent studies. To determine proper blood sample handling conditions for [-2]pro-PSA evaluation, we analyzed the preanalytical stability of [-2]pro-PSA. Blood samples from 22 Japanese males were stored under various conditions before total ...
Kang Seok Hui SH Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to measure the difference of ionized calcium between heparinized whole blood and serum. We recruited 107 maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients from our hospital HD unit. The clinical and laboratory data included ionized calcium in serum and in whole blood (reference, 4.07 to 5.17 mg/dL). ...
Choe J H JH Department of Food Bioscience and Technology, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-701, Republic of Korea; Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources, Korea University, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of blood glucose levels with blood lactate, serum cortisol levels, postmortem muscle glycogen and lactate content, muscle fiber type composition, and pork quality traits. Compared to pigs with lower blood glucose levels, pigs with higher blood glucose levels showed higher ...
Witte Katharina A - - 2014
Facing numerous challenges, such as illness, storms or human disturbance, some harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) pups lose contact to their dams and are found abandoned along the North Sea coast. In Schleswig-Holstein, pups with the prospect of surviving rehabilitation are admitted to the Seal Center Friedrichskoog. Despite elaborate clinical health ...
Sim Chang-Sun CS Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, South - - 2014
We present data from the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-11 on the distribution of blood lead levels, and examine their association with iron deficiency in a representative sample of the adolescent Korean population. This study was based on data obtained from KNHANES, in which a rolling ...
Lin Hsiaoyun H Department of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Graduate School of medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, - - 2014
Adiponectin (APN) is an adipocyte-specific secretory protein that is highly and specifically expressed in adipose tissue. Serum APN consists of trimers, hexamers, and larger high-molecular-weight (HMW) multimers, and these HMW multimers appear to be of more bioactive forms. Evidence indicates that APN is produced by salivary gland epithelial cells, might ...
Johannesson Sandra S Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , - - 2014
Abstract Context: Urban particulate air pollution is associated with cardiovascular diseases and mortality, possibly mediated through systemic inflammation and increased blood viscosity. Objectives: To examine short-term effects of exposure to urban air pollution on blood biomarkers for systemic inflammation and coagulation in a panel of healthy adults living in Gothenburg, ...
Hughes Caryn C Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, The University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester, M1 7DN, UK; Genito Urinary Cancer Research Group, Institute of Cancer Sciences, Paterson Building, The University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, M20 4BX, - - 2014
There are many approaches to measuring the infrared spectrum of a blood serum sample. Naturally, each approach will have both advantages and disadvantages. We report on the progress of the application of infrared spectroscopy in the field of blood serum analysis towards clinical application, with a focus on prostate cancer. ...
Gugliucci Alejandro - - 2014
Objectives Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is a lactonase with important antioxidant and immunoprotective properties. We hypothesized that PON1 lactonase activity, PON1, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses distribution are different in neonates than in adults. Material and methods We studied 83 healthy term neonates (34 males and 49 females) who were born ...
Tomioka Michiyo M Office of Public Health Studies, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, 1960 East-West Road, Biomed, Honolulu, HI 96822, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This project tested the six-month impact of Stanford's Diabetes Self-Management Program (DSMP), adapted for Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs), on behavioral and clinical indicators. Participants attended DSMP workshops at a community health center. Employing a one-group, pre-post-test design, data were collected at baseline and six-months. Ninety-six eligible API adults were ...
Fosset Fabrice T J FT Médecine interne des animaux de compagnie, Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200, rue Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec J2S - - 2014
The feline AB blood group system has clinical significance because type B cats have natural alloimmune anti-A antibodies which can cause isoerythrolysis of the newborn and life-threatening transfusion reactions. In the United States, the prevalence of type B blood is estimated to be 1% to 2%. This study determined the ...
Wang Chong C Department of Neurology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, - - 2014
Peripheral blood Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) levels have been proposed as biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but previous studies on levels of ApoE in blood remain inconsistent. This meta-analysis was designed to re-examine the potential role of peripheral ApoE in AD diagnosis and its potential value as a candidate biomarker. We ...
Zaldívar-López S - - 2014
Despite the popularity of canine blood donor (BD) programs, there is scarce scientific information regarding iron status in this canine population of dogs. To assess iron status in dogs used in a blood donor program. A total of 130 healthy dogs (75 BD, 55 controls [C]) were included. A subset ...
Das Madhusmita M 0000-0002-8458-0780 Cell and Developmental Biology Laboratory, P.G. Department of Zoology, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751 004, - - 2014
Blood was analyzed from eighty (forty males and forty females) adult individuals of Polypedates teraiensis to establish reference ranges for its hematological and serum biochemical parameters. The peripheral blood cells were differentiated as erythrocytes, lymphocytes, eosinophils, neutrophils, monocytes, basophils, and thrombocytes, with similar morphology to other anurans. Morphology of blood ...
Abiodun Emokpae Mathias EM Department of Chemical Pathology, Bayero University Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria ; Medical Laboratory Science, School of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, - - 2014
Sickle cell disease (SCD) often leads to chronic hemolytic anemia of varying severity, and blood transfusion may be employed in the management of SCD complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of blood transfusion on the activities of some antioxidant enzymes as well as lipid peroxide ...
Schumann J - - 2014
The present paper provides new experimental data on the biochemical and haematological profile of blood in pheasant hens, and points out the changes in both biochemical and haematological parameters that occur during the laying period. Significant effects of egg laying on both the biochemical and the haematological blood parameters of ...
Dias Edwin E Department of Paediatrics, Srinivas Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Hypoglycemia is one of the common metabolic problems in neonatal medicine. There is association between blood glucose levels and neurological development. The study involved 100 mothers and neonates blood glucose levels were measured using a standard glucometer in mother delivering babies within half an hour of delivery and in newborns ...
Gebrie Higemengist A - - 2014
No study has been carried out to assess the blood lead levels of workers or the contribution of common workplace practices to lead exposure in Ethiopia. This study was carried out to assess the blood lead levels of female and male laborers in the construction sector in Jimma town, Ethiopia. ...
Cao Jun-Tao - - 2014
A sensitive method to detect hemoglobin (Hb) by flow injection (FI) coupled with chemiluminescence (CL) detection was described, which based on Hb strong enhancing effect on weak luminol-hydrazine CL system in alkaline medium. Parameters affecting the CL detection conditions and FI-CL system were optimized. The effects of possible coexisting substances ...
Sponder Michael M Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Heavy metal pollutants such as cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) are rarely the subjects of cardiovascular research although they have been suspected for decades to negatively impact the circulatory system. Apart from detailed anamnestic data, urinary levels of Cd and full blood levels of Pb and Hg were ...
Monsef Jad B JB Adult Reconstruction & Joint Replacement Division, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021, - - 2014
The current study investigates the impact of patient factors, surgical factors, and blood management on postoperative length of stay (LOS) in 516 patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty. Age, gender, type of anticoagulation, but not body mass index (BMI) were found to be highly significant predictors of an increased ...
Leopold Jan Hendrik JH Department of Intensive Care, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands ; Department of Medical Informatics, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The - - 2014
In critically ill patients, glucose control with insulin mandates time- and blood-consuming glucose monitoring. Blood glucose level fluctuations are accompanied by metabolomic changes that alter the composition of volatile organic compounds (VOC), which are detectable in exhaled breath. This review systematically summarizes the available data on the ability of changes ...
Ostler Michael W MW Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public - - 2014
Biomarkers are directly-measured biological indicators of disease, health, exposures, or other biological information. In population and social sciences, biomarkers need to be easy to obtain, transport, and analyze. Dried Blood Spots meet this need, and can be collected in the field with high response rates. These elements are particularly important ...
Affan Eshan T ET The George Institute for Global Health, Missenden Rd, PO Box M201, NSW 2050 Sydney, Australia ; The University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
Levels of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and blood lipids are important determinants of risk in patients with diabetes. Standard analysis methods based upon venous blood samples can be logistically challenging in resource-poor settings where much of the diabetes epidemic is occurring. Dried blood spots (DBS) provide a simple alternative method for ...
Suhair S Mohammed SM Department of Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bahri, Khartoum, - - 2013
This experiment was designed to study the effects of shearing in different seasons (winter vs. summer) on thermoregulation, blood parameters and semen characteristics of desert rams. Eight intact healthy rams were randomly assigned into two groups (n = 4). The control group was kept unshorn (UN) with intact pelage, the ...
Green Jonette J Department of Pathology, LSU Health Sciences Center - Shreveport, Biomedical Research Institute, Rm. 6-21, 1501 Kings Hwy, Shreveport, LA 71130, - - 2014
Altered subendothelial matrix composition regulates endothelial dysfunction and early atherosclerotic plaque formation. Hyperglycemia promotes endothelial matrix remodeling associated with multiple microvascular complications of diabetes, but a role for altered matrix composition in diabetic atherogenesis has not been described. Therefore, we sought to characterize the alterations in matrix composition during diabetic ...
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