Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 331
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 >
Wasniewski Marine M French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES), Nancy Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, European Union Reference Laboratory for Rabies, European Union Reference Laboratory for Rabies Serology, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, Technopôle agricole et vétérinaire de Pixérécourt, CS 40009, 54220 Malzéville, - - 2014
The effectiveness of oral rabies vaccination in wildlife is usually evaluated by the detection of rabies antibodies. However, the assessment of rabies antibodies has several technical difficulties in the field, such as the collection, storage, transport and titration of blood samples, often of poor quality. The objective of this study ...
Shailaja M M Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara University, Rajendra Nagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
The presence of lead (Pb) in milk and its interaction with trace elements is a serious health concern. Present study is aimed at determining Pb and trace element (Fe, Zn and Mg) levels in milk and blood/serum samples of lactating buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) living in a market-area (Group-A) and a ...
Riederer Anne M AM Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
Trihalomethanes (THMs) are water disinfection by-products that have been associated with bladder cancer and adverse birth outcomes. Four (bromoform, chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane) were measured in blood and tap water of U.S. adults in NHANES 1999-2006. THMs are metabolized to potentially toxic/mutagenic intermediates by cytochrome p450 (CYP) 2D6 and CYP2E1 enzymes. ...
Gebrie Higemengist A - - 2014
No study has been carried out to assess the blood lead levels of workers or the contribution of common workplace practices to lead exposure in Ethiopia. This study was carried out to assess the blood lead levels of female and male laborers in the construction sector in Jimma town, Ethiopia. ...
Bıçakçı Zafer Z Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Unit of Pediatric Hematology, Demetevler, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Metabolic alkalosis, which is a non-massive blood transfusion complication, is not reported in the literature although metabolic alkalosis dependent on citrate metabolism is reported to be a massive blood transfusion complication. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of elevated carbon dioxide production due to citrate metabolism ...
Kanda Junya J Department of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Lipocalin 2 (LCN2 or neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin) is a secretory protein discovered from neutrophils, which accumulates in the blood and urine during acute kidney injury (AKI) and in the blood by bacterial infection. Little is known about the tissue source and molecular forms of this protein under normal and pathophysiologic ...
Holz Olaf - - 2014
The aim of this study was to test whether repeatable biomarkers collected from serum, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and sputum of healthy smokers and smokers with COPD would have a prognostic value with respect to the decline in lung function over a 5 year period. In 2006/2007 we had repeatedly collected ...
Brown Derrick D ArtEZ Institute of the Arts, Onderlangs 9, 6812 CE Arnhem, the Netherlands. Tel +31655358027. - - 2014
Ingesting quality carbohydrates has been shown to be essential for dancers. Given that most dance classes take place in the morning, it has been recommended that dancers eat a well-balanced breakfast containing carbohydrates, fats, and protein as a means of fuelling this activity. The aim of this study was to ...
Igawa Tsukasa T Department of Nephro-urology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, - - 2014
The clinical usefulness of [-2]pro-PSA (where PSA is prostate-specific antigen) in prostate cancer diagnosis has been emphasized in recent studies. To determine proper blood sample handling conditions for [-2]pro-PSA evaluation, we analyzed the preanalytical stability of [-2]pro-PSA. Blood samples from 22 Japanese males were stored under various conditions before total ...
Kang Seok Hui SH Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to measure the difference of ionized calcium between heparinized whole blood and serum. We recruited 107 maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients from our hospital HD unit. The clinical and laboratory data included ionized calcium in serum and in whole blood (reference, 4.07 to 5.17 mg/dL). ...
Choe J H JH Department of Food Bioscience and Technology, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-701, Republic of Korea; Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources, Korea University, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of blood glucose levels with blood lactate, serum cortisol levels, postmortem muscle glycogen and lactate content, muscle fiber type composition, and pork quality traits. Compared to pigs with lower blood glucose levels, pigs with higher blood glucose levels showed higher ...
Witte Katharina A - - 2014
Facing numerous challenges, such as illness, storms or human disturbance, some harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) pups lose contact to their dams and are found abandoned along the North Sea coast. In Schleswig-Holstein, pups with the prospect of surviving rehabilitation are admitted to the Seal Center Friedrichskoog. Despite elaborate clinical health ...
Sim Chang-Sun CS Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, South - - 2014
We present data from the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-11 on the distribution of blood lead levels, and examine their association with iron deficiency in a representative sample of the adolescent Korean population. This study was based on data obtained from KNHANES, in which a rolling ...
Lin Hsiaoyun H Department of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Graduate School of medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, - - 2014
Adiponectin (APN) is an adipocyte-specific secretory protein that is highly and specifically expressed in adipose tissue. Serum APN consists of trimers, hexamers, and larger high-molecular-weight (HMW) multimers, and these HMW multimers appear to be of more bioactive forms. Evidence indicates that APN is produced by salivary gland epithelial cells, might ...
Johannesson Sandra S Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , - - 2014
Abstract Context: Urban particulate air pollution is associated with cardiovascular diseases and mortality, possibly mediated through systemic inflammation and increased blood viscosity. Objectives: To examine short-term effects of exposure to urban air pollution on blood biomarkers for systemic inflammation and coagulation in a panel of healthy adults living in Gothenburg, ...
Hughes Caryn C Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, The University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester, M1 7DN, UK; Genito Urinary Cancer Research Group, Institute of Cancer Sciences, Paterson Building, The University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, M20 4BX, - - 2014
There are many approaches to measuring the infrared spectrum of a blood serum sample. Naturally, each approach will have both advantages and disadvantages. We report on the progress of the application of infrared spectroscopy in the field of blood serum analysis towards clinical application, with a focus on prostate cancer. ...
Gugliucci Alejandro - - 2014
Objectives Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is a lactonase with important antioxidant and immunoprotective properties. We hypothesized that PON1 lactonase activity, PON1, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses distribution are different in neonates than in adults. Material and methods We studied 83 healthy term neonates (34 males and 49 females) who were born ...
Tomioka Michiyo M Office of Public Health Studies, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, 1960 East-West Road, Biomed, Honolulu, HI 96822, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This project tested the six-month impact of Stanford's Diabetes Self-Management Program (DSMP), adapted for Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs), on behavioral and clinical indicators. Participants attended DSMP workshops at a community health center. Employing a one-group, pre-post-test design, data were collected at baseline and six-months. Ninety-six eligible API adults were ...
Fosset Fabrice T J FT Médecine interne des animaux de compagnie, Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200, rue Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec J2S - - 2014
The feline AB blood group system has clinical significance because type B cats have natural alloimmune anti-A antibodies which can cause isoerythrolysis of the newborn and life-threatening transfusion reactions. In the United States, the prevalence of type B blood is estimated to be 1% to 2%. This study determined the ...
Ostler Michael W MW Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public - - 2014
Biomarkers are directly-measured biological indicators of disease, health, exposures, or other biological information. In population and social sciences, biomarkers need to be easy to obtain, transport, and analyze. Dried Blood Spots meet this need, and can be collected in the field with high response rates. These elements are particularly important ...
Wang Chong C Department of Neurology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, - - 2014
Peripheral blood Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) levels have been proposed as biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but previous studies on levels of ApoE in blood remain inconsistent. This meta-analysis was designed to re-examine the potential role of peripheral ApoE in AD diagnosis and its potential value as a candidate biomarker. We ...
Zaldívar-López S - - 2014
Despite the popularity of canine blood donor (BD) programs, there is scarce scientific information regarding iron status in this canine population of dogs. To assess iron status in dogs used in a blood donor program. A total of 130 healthy dogs (75 BD, 55 controls [C]) were included. A subset ...
Das Madhusmita M 0000-0002-8458-0780 Cell and Developmental Biology Laboratory, P.G. Department of Zoology, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751 004, - - 2014
Blood was analyzed from eighty (forty males and forty females) adult individuals of Polypedates teraiensis to establish reference ranges for its hematological and serum biochemical parameters. The peripheral blood cells were differentiated as erythrocytes, lymphocytes, eosinophils, neutrophils, monocytes, basophils, and thrombocytes, with similar morphology to other anurans. Morphology of blood ...
Abiodun Emokpae Mathias EM Department of Chemical Pathology, Bayero University Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria ; Medical Laboratory Science, School of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, - - 2014
Sickle cell disease (SCD) often leads to chronic hemolytic anemia of varying severity, and blood transfusion may be employed in the management of SCD complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of blood transfusion on the activities of some antioxidant enzymes as well as lipid peroxide ...
Schumann J - - 2014
The present paper provides new experimental data on the biochemical and haematological profile of blood in pheasant hens, and points out the changes in both biochemical and haematological parameters that occur during the laying period. Significant effects of egg laying on both the biochemical and the haematological blood parameters of ...
Dias Edwin E Department of Paediatrics, Srinivas Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Hypoglycemia is one of the common metabolic problems in neonatal medicine. There is association between blood glucose levels and neurological development. The study involved 100 mothers and neonates blood glucose levels were measured using a standard glucometer in mother delivering babies within half an hour of delivery and in newborns ...
Suhair S Mohammed SM Department of Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bahri, Khartoum, - - 2013
This experiment was designed to study the effects of shearing in different seasons (winter vs. summer) on thermoregulation, blood parameters and semen characteristics of desert rams. Eight intact healthy rams were randomly assigned into two groups (n = 4). The control group was kept unshorn (UN) with intact pelage, the ...
Green Jonette J Department of Pathology, LSU Health Sciences Center - Shreveport, Biomedical Research Institute, Rm. 6-21, 1501 Kings Hwy, Shreveport, LA 71130, - - 2014
Altered subendothelial matrix composition regulates endothelial dysfunction and early atherosclerotic plaque formation. Hyperglycemia promotes endothelial matrix remodeling associated with multiple microvascular complications of diabetes, but a role for altered matrix composition in diabetic atherogenesis has not been described. Therefore, we sought to characterize the alterations in matrix composition during diabetic ...
Orta-García Sandra - - 2013
Studies in Mexico have demonstrated exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in people living in different sites through the country. However, studies evaluating exposure to POPs in people living in Mexico City (one of most contaminated places in the world) are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ...
Wang Yi-Ping - - 2013
Patients with thalassemia trait (TT) may have anemia. This study evaluated whether TT patients had specific oral manifestations and a particular blood profile compared with normal individuals. The oral manifestations and mean red blood cell count, corpuscular cell volume, red blood cell distribution width, Mentzer index, and Green and King ...
Mansourian Marjan - - 2013
Cell blood counts are components of hematological parameters and indicators of pro-inflammatory states. They are proposed to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study aimed to assess the relationship of the white blood cell (WBC) and the red blood cell (RBC) counts with components of MetS in the pediatric ...
Sugimoto Takeshi - - 2013
The aim of this study was to confirm the change in haemoglobin A1c consequent to pre-operative donation of autologous blood for elective surgery in patients with diabetes mellitus. For enrolment in this prospective study, patients had to be scheduled for multiple autologous blood donations at different times and have a ...
Nadi E - - 2013
Although some studies show that IL-22 and IL-25 play critical roles in the pathogenesis of asthma, little is known about the systemic production of these cytokines. The aim of this study was to assay IL-22 and IL-25 in serum, in mitogen-activated whole blood (WB), and in mitogen-activated peripheral blood mononuclear ...
Ye Xianfeng - - 2013
To observe the influence of moxibustion temperature on blood lipids, endothelin-1 (ET-1), nitric oxide (NO), and ET-1/NO in hyperlipidemia patients. Forty-two primary hyperlipidemia patients were randomly divided into two groups of 21 and treated with moxibustion at different temperatures. Moxibustion was performed with the moxa roll 2.5-3.0 cm from the ...
Ballard Kevin D - - 2013
Statins positively impact plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, inflammation and vascular endothelial function (VEF). Carbohydrate restricted diets (CRD) improve atherogenic dyslipidemia, and similar to statins, have been shown to favorably affect markers of inflammation and VEF. No studies have examined whether a CRD provides additional benefit beyond that achieved by habitual ...
Takai Madoka - - 2013
We have developed a colorimetric measurement chip that measures triglycerides, total cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein in 6 μL of whole blood collected with a painless needle. The chip can be used by patients to self-monitor certain health conditions at home. This chip contains a sharp 150 μm diameter stainless steel ...
Zillmer Laura Russo - - 2013
To validate and develop an immunonephelometric assay for the determination of alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) levels in dried blood spots from COPD patients in Brazil. We determined AAT levels in serum samples and dried blood spots from 192 COPD patients. For the preparation of dried blood spots, a disk (diameter, 6 ...
Dharnidharka Vikas R VR 1 Divisions of Pediatric Nephrology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL. 2 Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL. 3 Department of Health Outcomes and Policy, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL. 4 Hematology-Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL. 5 Address correspondence to: Vikas R. Dharnidharka, M.D., M.P.H., Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine & St. Louis Children's Hospital, Northwest Tower Room 10-119, Campus Box 8116, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO - - 2013
Both acute rejection (AR) and major infection events (MIE) can reduce long-term allograft survival. We assessed the simultaneous efficacy of serum and urine biomarker indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) enzyme activity and peripheral blood CD4-ATP levels for AR and MIE association, respectively. We prospectively tested 217 blood and 167 urine serial samples, ...
Han Michael X - - 2013
Type 1 diabetes results from the loss of normal immunological self-tolerance, which may be attributable to the failure of Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs). Umbilical cord blood is rich in Tregs and therefore has the potential to prevent or delay the onset of type 1 diabetes. A pilot trial is currently underway ...
Hornig Katlin J - - 2013
Objective-To compare β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) and glucose concentrations measured with a dual-purpose point-of-care (POC) meter designed for use in humans and a laboratory biochemical analyzer (LBA) to determine whether the POC meter would be reliable for on-farm measurement of blood glucose and BHB concentrations in sheep in various environmental conditions and ...
Coqueiro Raildo da Silva - - 2013
This study investigated the accuracy and precision of the Accutrend Plus system to determine blood glucose, total cholesterol, and plasma triglycerides in adults and evaluated its efficiency in measuring these blood variables. The sample consisted of 53 subjects (≥ 18 years). For blood variable laboratory determination, venous blood samples were ...
Yalinca Z - - 2013
Ascorbyl chitosan was synthesized by heating chitosan with ascorbic acid in isopropanol. The products were characterized by FTIR and C-13 NMR spectroscopies, SEM, and elemental analysis. Blood contact properties of ascorbyl chitosans were evaluated. The ascorbyl chitosans demonstrated to have increased lipid-lowering activity in comparison to chitosan alone upon contact ...
Correa Lucero - - 2013
Total mercury and selenium concentrations ([THg], [Se]) in serum, plasma, whole blood, and packed cells were examined in a resident population of free ranging bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) from Sarasota Bay, Florida. We determine how these elements partition in blood and assess compartment-specific associations. Determining the distribution of Se and ...
Qin Lu - - 2013
This pilot study aimed to investigate systemic and retinal vascular function and their relationship to circulatory markers of cardiovascular risk in early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients without any already diagnosed systemic vascular pathologies. Fourteen patients diagnosed with early AMD and 14 age- and gender-matched healthy controls underwent blood pressure, ...
Franco Marcela - - 2013
Seasonal torpor or hibernation is a phenomenon characterized by a physiological transition to dormancy (torpor) during challenging periods in terms of energy availability or metabolic load. Extensive physiological reprogramming and changes in gene-expression, immune function, oxygen transport and intermediate metabolism, occur during eutherian hibernation. Here we studied the seasonality of ...
Iinaga Kazuya - - 2013
To find an early symptom of postprandial hyperlipidemia, we developed a technique to measure the change in triglyceride noninvasively. We examined the feasibility to measure the change in the triglyceride concentration as the change in the scattering coefficient of the blood. In an experiment, good correlation was obtained between the ...
Beemer O - - 2013
PURPOSE: Hospitalized alpacas are often hyperglycemic requiring frequent blood glucose testing. OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance of 4 brands of glucometers with a laboratory-based analyzer (LCA) over a range of glucose concentrations in alpacas. ANIMALS: Four healthy male alpacas. METHODS: A 2-treatment cross-over study was utilized. The alpacas were given ...
Brandstetter Markus - - 2013
We present a semi-automated point-of-care (POC) sensor approach for the simultaneous and reagent-free determination of clinically relevant parameters in blood plasma. The portable sensor system performed direct mid-infrared (MIR) transmission measurements of blood plasma samples using a broadly tunable external-cavity quantum cascade laser source with high spectral power density. This ...
Nightingale M J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The use of blood packs with an integral sampling system can result in anti-coagulant from the main bag reaching the sample pouch via the donor line, causing delayed coagulation of blood samples. In NHS Blood and Transplant, this has prevented the use of serum, the preferred matrix for transfusion ...
Matsumoto Shinya - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In 1968, many people developed dioxin poisoning (Yusho) in Japan. Ingestion of 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF) was considered to be the cause of this poisoning. Although some patients had high concentrations of 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF in their blood, individuals' half-lives of 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF were long. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between clinical and laboratory ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 >