Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1557
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Bihari Imre - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The accepted pathophysiology of telangiectasias is reflux from superficial or deep veins. There are physical signs and scientific findings that do not fit this theory but support the possibility of arteriovenous (AV) shunt origin. OBJECTIVE: If there is a higher flow in spider veins than in the surrounding skin, ...
Wilson Thad E TE Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas, 7232 Greenville Ave., Dallas, TX 75231, - - 2005
The purpose of this project was to test the hypothesis that, independent of neural control, glabrous and nonglabrous cutaneous vasculature is capable of autoregulating blood flow. In 10 subjects, spectral and transfer function analyses of arterial pressure and skin blood flow (laser-Doppler flowmetry) from glabrous (palm) and nonglabrous (forearm) regions ...
Wang Wen - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Papillary loops in dermal papillae are believed to facilitate oxygen delivery to the germinal layer in the epidermis. The study aims to simulate the distribution of the oxygen partial pressure, pO2, in superficial layers of skin and to quantify oxygen supply from different sources. METHODS: A theoretical model that ...
Mayrovitz Harvey N - - 2005
Single rapid and deep inspirations (inspiratory gasps, IG) result in arteriolar vasoconstriction with concomitant transient decreases in skin blood flow that are most prominent in fingers and toes. Vascular responses (inspiratory gasp responses, IGR) are determined as the maximum percentage reduction in blood flow and have been used to assess ...
Golster Helena - - 2005
The purpose of the present study was to identify whether young patients with type 1 diabetes using modern multiple insulin injection therapy (MIT) have signs of microvascular dysfunction and to elucidate possible correlations with various disease parameters. Skin blood flow on the dorsum of the foot was measured with laser ...
Buchta Christoph - - 2005
Contamination at the site of the donor's skin may occur despite proper disinfection, because pathogens in deeper regions (such as pores) may not be eliminated by skin disinfection. It is suspected that the cannula detaches fragments of tissue when it penetrates the skin; the tissue fragments may reach blood products ...
Otah Kenneth E - - 2005
Changes in posture of the lower extremities induce changes in skin blood flow, known as veno-arteriolar response (VAR). We investigated the relationship between ankle brachial index (ABI) and VAR in patients (ABI<0.9) with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and age-matched normal controls (ABI>1). We measured ankle pressure, ABI at rest, and ...
Whyte Douglas G - - 2005
Blood flow is redistributed from the viscera to the periphery during periods of heat stress to maximize heat loss. The heat-induced redistribution of blood flow is strongly influenced by nonthermal inputs such as hydration status. At present, little is known about where thermal and nonthermal information is integrated to generate ...
Crandall Craig G - - 2005
Thoracic surgical sympathectomy is often performed to treat primary palmar and axillary hyperhidrosis. An increase in palmar skin temperature is frequently used to identify the success of the procedure. Because changes in palmar skin temperature occur secondary to changes in skin blood flow, the objective of this study was to ...
Hern S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Blood flow is substantially raised in psoriatic plaques. In addition, mechanisms of vasoconstriction and vasodilatation (locally and neurally mediated), although intact, are altered in magnitude. The elevated blood flow is considered to be a result of abnormalities (increase in vessel number, width and length) in the superficial capillary loops ...
Mayrovitz Harvey N - - 2005
Our specific aim was to investigate whether a local static magnetic field of a permanent magnet, of either pole, affects resting skin blood perfusion. This was done by measuring skin blood perfusion (SBF) by laser-Doppler in dorsum skin of 2nd and 4th fingers of the nondominant hands of 12 volunteers. ...
Eisenach John H - - 2005
The assessment of sympathetic denervation to the upper extremities during surgery for hyperhidrosis is essential in predicting postoperative outcome, particularly for endoscopic thoracic chain sympathotomy, a recently described, minimally destructive technique that minimizes postoperative compensatory hyperhidrosis. To test the hypothesis that skin blood flow (SkBF; laser Doppler flowmetry) provides a ...
van Erp Piet E J - - 2005
Our knowledge of the etiology and pathogenesis of skin diseases characterized by abnormal growth is relatively limited. Even more important, still very little is known of how epidermopoeisis is controlled in normal epidermis. There is no cure for skin diseases caused by abnormal growth control, such as psoriasis. Mechanisms are ...
Kaneko Kenji K Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Faculty of Science and Technology, KEIO University - - 2005
We have been proposing novel thermal balloon angioplasty, photo-thermo dynamic balloon angioplasty (PT-DBA). PTDBA realized <10s short term heating that can prevent surrounding tissue thermal injury and low pressure dilatation that can prevent restenosis in chronic phase. We aim to determine the most efficient heating condition suit to individual symptom ...
Pouladian Majid M IEEE, Member, Biomedical and Bionuclear Engineering Schools, Science and Research Branch of Azad University, Tehran, Iran - - 2005
In this paper, it is shown that the main source of mechanical energy of cardiovascular (CV) system i.e., rhythmic heart contraction is transformed to the oscillations of the CV walls and blood flow, and finally CV acoustical waves. These waves propagate through both blood flow (hemodynamical pathways) and tissues (viscoelastical ...
O'Brien Catherine - - 2005
Cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD) is a cyclic oscillation in blood flow that occurs in the extremities on cold exposure and that is likely associated with reduced risk of cold injury (e.g., frostbite) as well as improved manual dexterity and less pain while working in the cold. The CIVD response varies between ...
Yi Jin - - 2004
The effect of particle size and flow of helium gas on the systemic absorption of indomethacin by means of a needle-free injection system was investigated. Poly-L-lactic acid microspheres conaining indomethacin were prepared by the o/w solvent evaporation technique. Microspheres were accelerated by a stream of helium gas in the Helios ...
Khan Aadil A - - 2004
The importance of temperature in the wound-healing process is rapidly being recognised as a novel way in which to manipulate the wound-healing environment. In this study, we aimed to investigate the direct effect of topical radiant heating (TRH), using a novel bandaging system (Warm-Up, Arizant Health care Inc., Eden Prairie ...
Davison Jennifer L - - 2004
The cutaneous venoarteriolar response (CVAR) is a local non-adrenergic vasoconstrictor reflex that is engaged via increases in local transmural pressure. The purpose of this study was to determine if local temperature alters the vasoconstrictor ability of the CVAR. Twelve (5 male, 7 female) subjects performed a CVAR maneuver at local ...
Beckert Stefan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Tissue oxygen supply is crucial for wound healing. Especially in diabetic foot lesions, the chances for healing are mainly dependent on the presence or absence of ischemia. This study investigates the impact of the tissue O2 analysis system "O2C" for noninvasive quantification of tissue oxygenation in diabetic foot ulcer ...
Higaki K - - 2005
The purpose of this work was to investigate the effect of blood flow in the skin on the direct penetration of topically applied drugs into the muscular layer, and to show that the skin blood flow could also be one of the important factors determining the direct penetration of drugs ...
Nicotra A - - 2004
Local heating evokes an increase in skin blood flow (SkBF), which consists of an initial peak (axon-reflex mediated) followed by a brief nadir and a secondary rise to a plateau. The aim of this study was to investigate whether heat provoked vasodilatation detects sympathetic vasomotor dysfunction and completeness of injury ...
Kezic Sanja - - 2004
Percutaneous absorption of m-xylene (XYL) was determined in volunteers exposed to 29.4 microg cm(-3) XYL vapour on the forearm and hand for 20, 45, 120 and 180 min. The internal exposure was assessed by measuring the concentration of XYL in exhaled air. The systemic kinetics were determined using a reference ...
Boelsma Esther - - 2004
Ginkgo biloba extract has been advocated for the improvement of blood circulation in circulatory disorders. This study investigated the effect of the Gingko biloba extract EGb 761 on skin blood flow in healthy volunteers and accompanying changes in urinary metabolites. Twenty-seven healthy middle-aged subjects participated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, ...
Rodrigues Luís Monteiro - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Eventual relationships between the vascular function and transepidermal water loss (TEWL), in vivo,have not been entirely explored. By promoting local perfusion alterations through a well-known challenge test, the'tourniquet-cuff occlusion' manoeuvre, the present study searches for other dynamical factors influencing the cutaneous barrier, further exploring the applicability of these flow-related ...
Wilson Thad E - - 2004
To test the hypothesis that cutaneous vasoconstrictor responsiveness to exogenous norepinephrine is reduced in older compared with young subjects, dose-response relations between norepinephrine and skin blood flow were established. Seven doses of norepinephrine (1.10(-8) to 10(-2) log M) were perfused (2 microl/min) intradermally (4 min/dose) using cutaneous microdialysis (2 probes/subject). ...
Geyer Mary Jo - - 2004
Pressure-induced skin blood flow responses measured via laser Doppler flowmetry are commonly reported in the time domain. The usefulness of spectral analysis in examining blood flow control mechanisms has been demonstrated, but traditional Fourier analysis does not provide sufficient resolution to reveal characteristic low frequencies. Time-frequency (wavelet) analysis was performed ...
Seabra A B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) has a wide range of functions in the skin, and topical NO donors have several potential clinical applications. However, currently available donors are either unstable on the skin surface, release low concentrations of NO, or have a short duration of action. Endogenous S-nitrosothiols (RSNOs) store and ...
Kumar Vishal V Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi 110 002, - - 2004
To evaluate endothelial function and arterial mechanics in apparently healthy overweight adolescents. Analytical observational study. Tertiary hospital. 40 asymptomatic, normotensive and non-smoking adolescents (11 to 18 years old) were evaluated. Of these 20 were overweight or obese as per International Obesity Task Force criteria while 20 were controls. High resolution ...
Urbancic-Rovan V - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Microvascular blood flow in the human skin is subject to rhythmic variations reflecting the influence of heartbeat, respiration, intrinsic myogenic activity, neurogenic factors and endothelial activity. The aim of our study was to test the hypothesis that basal skin blood flow (BSBF) and its dynamic components differ (1) among ...
Kamijo Yoshi-Ichiro - - 2005
The role of skin temperature in reflex control of the active cutaneous vasodilator system was examined in six subjects during mild graded heat stress imposed by perfusing water at 34, 36, 38, and 40 degrees C through a tube-lined garment. Skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA) was recorded from the peroneal ...
Wigington Greg - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Diabetic dermopathy has been termed the most common cutaneous finding in diabetes, occurring in as many as 40% of diabetic patients older than 50 years. Using laser Doppler technology, we tested the hypothesis that dermopathy lesions represented areas of cutaneous ischemia. DESIGN: A survey of cutaneous blood flow in ...
Blessing William Walter - - 2004
RATIONALE: Reduction of body temperature is used as predictor of psychotropic drug action. The cutaneous circulation functions as a heat-loss component of temperature regulation. Clozapine and olanzapine reverse hyperthermia and sympathetically-mediated cutaneous vasoconstriction induced by MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, ecstasy), suggesting that these drugs might reverse other forms of sympathetically mediated cutaneous ...
Isago Tsukasa - - 2004
Sinking skin flap syndrome is defined as a series of neurologic symptoms with the skin depression at the site of cranial defect, which develop several weeks to months after large external cerebral decompression.The case of a 28-year-old female with the sinking skin flap syndrome is reported together with the evaluation ...
Borges S A - - 2004
Individually caged male Cobb broilers (24), 44 d of age, were used to evaluate effects of heat stress (1 d of data collection) and dietary electrolyte balance (DEB; Na + K - Cl, mEq/kg from 1 d of age). During summer rearing, mortality was variable, but DEB 240 improved growth, ...
Akata T - - 2004
During the perioperative period, evaluation of digital blood flow would be useful in early detection of decreased circulating volume, thermoregulatory responses or anaphylactoid reactions, and assessment of the effects of vasoactive agents. This study was designed to assess the reliability of fingertip temperature, core-fingertip temperature gradients and fingertip-forearm temperature gradients ...
Shen C H - - 2004
The design and fabrication for a thermal chip with an array of temperature sensors and heaters for study of micro-jet impingement cooling heat transfer process are presented. This thermal chip can minimize the heat loss from the system to the ambient and provide a uniform heat flux along the wall, ...
Warner David O - - 2004
Nicotine affects the regulation of skin blood flow (SkBF), but the mechanisms involved are not well understood. We tested the hypothesis that acute exposure to nicotine inhibits both the initial neurally mediated component and the later sustained component of SkBF responses to local heating of non-glabrous skin in humans. SkBF ...
van der Schans G P - - 2004
A standard operating procedure has been developed for an immunoslotblot assay of sulfur mustard adducts to DNA in human blood and skin for use in a field laboratory. A minimum detectable level of exposure of human blood in vitro (> or = 50 nM) sulfur mustard is feasible with the ...
Nishidate Izumi - - 2004
To estimate the concentrations of melanin and blood and the oxygen saturation in human skin tissue, we propose a method using a multiple regression analysis aided by a Monte Carlo simulation for diffuse reflectance spectra from the skin tissue. By using the absorbance spectrum as a response variable and the ...
Koscheyev Victor S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Long-duration spaceflight results in deconditioning of the cardiovascular system, loss of fluid volume, bone demineralization, and atrophy of skeletal muscles, particularly affecting the lower limbs. We hypothesized that it is possible to improve blood circulation to the lower extremities in simulated microgravity by forcing the blood to deliver heat ...
Peltonen Liisa M - - 2004
We studied the blood flow over dorsal and abdominal, non-brooding patch skin of two groups of pigeons: one group was thermally acclimated to cold (winter-acclimatized, WAC) while the other group was acclimated to a mesic environment (thermally non-challenged, NOC). Two bilateral patches at the measurement sites were treated simultaneously with ...
Tee Get Bee Yvonne - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Human postocclusive forearm skin reactive hyperemia is not only a potential means of identifying early signs of cardiovascular diseases, it can also be used in the assessment of local microvascular response to topically applied compounds on skin. The method is not fully characterized. In this study, we investigated the ...
Watanabe Tadashi - - 2004
In patients with suprasellar tumors, both the tumor and its surgical resection may produce hypothalamic dysfunction including thermoregulatory disturbances. We quantitated skin sympathetic nerve activity using microneurography in eight patients with hypothalamic dysfunction following resection. Skin sympathetic nerve activity, skin blood flow (by laser Doppler flowmetry), sweating, blood pressure, and ...
de Jongh R T - - 2004
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Insulin possesses vasodilatory actions that may be important in regulating its access to insulin-sensitive tissues. Our study aims to directly measure changes in response to insulin in the human skeletal muscle microcirculation. Measurement was by an implanted laser Doppler probe. METHODS: We investigated changes in intramuscular and skin microvascular ...
Schulte Helène - - 2004
This study in 20 volunteers examines whether changes in cutaneous blood flow distribution (laser Doppler flow scanning, LDS) and visible flare correlate in time and in distribution with the development of secondary hyperalgesia (SH, punctate stimulation of a 45-g von Frey filament) induced by a superficial skin burn injury. Areas ...
Khan Faisel - - 2004
Iontophoresis is a valuable method of noninvasive drug delivery for assessment of skin microvascular function, but it is important to consider and minimize its potential nonspecific electrical effects on blood flow. The use of sodium chloride (NaCl) instead of water as the iontophoresis vehicle has been reported to reduce these ...
Mori Hidetoshi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study attempted to investigate the influence of massage on the skin and the intramuscular circulatory changes associated with localized muscle fatigue. MATERIAL/METHODS: Twenty-nine healthy male subjects participated in two experimental sessions (massage and rest conditions). Subjects lay prone on the table and were instructed to extend their trunks ...
Herndon Terry O - - 2004
Painless, rapid, controlled, minimally invasive molecular transport across human skin for drug delivery and analyte acquisition is of widespread interest. Creation of microconduits through the stratum corneum and epidermis is achieved by stochastic scissioning events localized to typically 250 microm diameter areas of human skin in vivo. Microscissioning is achieved ...
Boutsiouki Paraskevi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relative contribution of nitric oxide (NO) to the vascular and neural mechanisms underlying the ACh-induced vasodilatation in human skin. METHODS: ACh was delivered to the skin of the forearm of 28 healthy volunteers using intradermal microdialysis. Subsequent changes in tissue levels of NO and histamine were ...
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