Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1554
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Gryglewska Barbara - - 2010
The aim of the study was to investigate the skin microcirculation blood flow and flowmotion response to heat stress in normotensive subjects with familial predisposition to hypertension and in hypertensive patients. Normotensives without [NT(-)] or with [NT(+)] familial predisposition and subjects with newly diagnosed hypertension (HT) were studied. Clinic blood ...
Jafari-Saraf Lida - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the correlation between ankle:brachial indices (ABI) and visible light reflectance spectroscopy hyperspectral imaging (HSI) determinations of oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin (oxyHgb and deoxyHgb) levels in the skin of the distal lower extremity. This is a prospective, open, comparator trial which took place at the Vascular laboratory of ...
Akhtar Mohammad W - - 2010
Both structural and functional evaluations of the endothelium exist in order to diagnose cardiovascular disease (CVD) in its asymptomatic stages. Vascular reactivity, a functional evaluation of the endothelium in response to factors such as occlusion, cold, and stress, in addition to plasma markers, is the most widely accepted test and ...
Holowatz Lacy A LA Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, Noll Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, USA. - - 2010
Human skin blood flow is controlled via dual innervation from the sympathetic nervous system. Reflex cutaneous vasoconstriction and vasodilation are both impaired with primary aging, rendering the aged more vulnerable to hypothermia and cardiovascular complications from heat-related illness. Age-related alterations in the thermoregulatory control of skin blood flow occur at ...
Brown Cyndi - - 2010
Ear (aural) hematomas occur when blood vessels in the pinna rupture secondary to trauma or excessive head shaking. Blood fills the space between the skin and the cartilage, causing pain and potential deformity of the ear. In this column, I discuss surgical treatment of aural hematomas in the dog.
Glenn Catherine R - - 2010
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a growing clinical problem, especially among adolescents and young adults. Anecdotal accounts, clinical reports, and popular media sources suggest that observing the blood resulting from NSSI often plays an important role in the behavior's reinforcement. However, research to date has not systematically assessed the role of ...
Liao Fuyuan - - 2010
The purposes of this study were to quantify the nonlinear properties of sacral skin blood flow oscillations (BFO) and to explore their relationships with impaired vasodilatory function in people at risk for pressure ulcers. A total of 25 people with various levels of vasodilatory functions were studied, 10 people with ...
Tikhonova Irina V - - 2010
The perfusion of forearm skin with blood was studied by the method of laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) in 94 healthy volunteers. We studied the reaction of the microvascular bed to the transient ischemia, which was initiated by the forearm occlusion. After occlusion, we registered, on average, a 4-fold increase of ...
Wingo Jonathan E - - 2010
Cutaneous vasodilation associated with whole-body heat stress occurs via withdrawal of adrenergic vasoconstriction and engagement of cholinergic "active" vasodilation, the latter of which attenuates cutaneous vasoconstrictor responsiveness. However, the precise neurotransmitter(s) responsible for this sympatholytic-like effect remain unknown. In skeletal muscle, ATP inhibits adrenergically mediated vasoconstriction. ATP also may be ...
Nakagami Gojiro - - 2010
Assessment of blood circulation in pressure ulcers can be beneficial for predicting the severity of tissue damage and making the prognosis. Here, we evaluated the usefulness of laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) for assessing skin blood flow in pressure-induced ischemic wounds in rats in comparison with skin temperature measurements by thermography, ...
Zhang Wenping - - 2010
Cold intolerance is an inability to tolerate cold temperatures and is accompanied by symptoms including headache, shoulder discomfort, dizziness and palpitations. The current study was performed to examine whether reflexology therapy affected cold intolerance in human subjects and whether the treatment was systemically effective. Ten female volunteer examinees with subjective ...
Debbabi Haythem - - 2010
The structure and function of blood vessels varies along the vascular tree. Endothelial dysfunction is a hallmark of increased cardiovascular (CV) risk that can be assessed by several methods, some of which are invasive and of restricted application. The aim of this study was to determine whether the laser Doppler ...
Simmons Grant H - - 2010
Hypoxia decreases core body temperature in animals and humans during cold exposure. In addition, hypoxia increases skin blood flow in thermoneutral conditions, but the impact of hypoxic vasodilation on vasoconstriction during cold exposure is unknown. In this study, skin blood flow was assessed using laser-Doppler flowmetry, and cutaneous vascular conductance ...
Pietzarka K - - 2010
The cold hand sign (CHS) is a distinct feature of multiple system atrophy (MSA), but its pathophysiology is poorly understood. We, therefore, conducted a study to examine the skin temperature and the skin blood flow at rest and after local heating in 6 age-matched MSA patients with CHS (MSA + ...
Wiles M D - - 2010
Different topical local anaesthetics have varying effects on skin blood flow and vascular reactivity. We compared the vasoactive properties of Rapydan, a new topical local anaesthetic, with those of Ametop and EMLA creams in 20 healthy volunteers. Blood flow and vascular reactivity in the forearm skin were assessed by laser ...
Wa Chrystal V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Facial skin exhibits unique biophysical properties that are distinct from skin belonging to other areas of the body. Small to large regional differences in biophysical properties between facial sites are observed. Technological advances in dermatological research allow a quantitative study of the biophysical qualities of the face and its ...
Petrofsky Jerrold - - 2010
Hydrotherapy and whirlpool are used to increase skin blood flow and warm tissue. However, recent evidence seems to show that part of the increase in skin blood flow is not due to the warmth itself but due to the moisture content of the heat. Therefore, two series of experiments were ...
Mozaffarieh Maneli - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between optic nerve head (ONH) and finger blood flow in subjects with and without a primary vascular dysregulation (PVD). METHODS: ONH blood flow and finger blood flow was measured in 15 subjects with PVD and in 24 subjects without PVD. PVD was defined as being ...
Itoh Kimihisa - - 2010
The enhancement of blood fluidity may lead to improvements in skin problems resulting from unsmooth circulation or blood stagnation. Since a 50% ethanolic extract (CH-ext) obtained from unripe Citrus hassaku fruits may be a useful ingredient in skin-whitening cosmetics, the present study was designed to examine the effect of CH-ext ...
Toumi Dareen - - 2010
The aim of this preliminary study was to review the actual state of knowledge concerning the mechanisms underlying compression medical stockings action on the skin blood flow (SBF) in capillaries. SBF was assessed by measuring the thermal conductivity of living-tissues using μHematron ambulatory device. The investigation was performed for different ...
Lenasi Helena - - 2010
Regular physical activity leads to increased endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. Postocclusive reactive hyperemia (PRH) is a transient increase of blood flow after the release of an arterial occlusion and has been used as a clinical tool to estimate endothelial function. The aim of our study was to assess the potential effect of ...
Jahn Alexander - - 2010
Vector-borne diseases are still a major mortality factor in Africa and South-east Asia and effective mosquito repellents are therefore needed. An efficient and safe in-vitro assay system using artificial blood and skin substitute could facilitate the development of novel repellents, as most assays currently rely on human subjects or vertebrate ...
Jan Ya-Min - - 2010
Our previous studies found that segmental effect of spinal nerve plays an important role in acupuncture stimulation (AS) on nail-fold microcirculation. Calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP) is a potent endogenous vasodilator. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of AS on skin blood flow (SBF) and ...
Johnson John M - - 2010
The past 10-15 years has been a time of focus on the mechanisms of control in the human cutaneous circulation. Methodological developments have provided powerful means for resolving the important contributors to the reflex control of skin blood flow (thermoregulatory control) and also for the equally impressive effects of direct ...
Jeon H Y - - 2010
Dietary antioxidants exert a photoprotective effect against UV radiation. However, the mechanism underlying the beneficial effects on skin of orally administered antioxidant is not very clear. The present study aimed to investigate the UVB-induced total antioxidant capacity (TAC) perturbation both in skin and blood and to study the beneficial mechanism ...
Firoz Bahar F - - 2010
A 43-year-old African-American female with anemia secondary to uterine leiomyomas and menorrhagia presented with induration and stiffness of the right arm and hand four weeks after receiving intravenous iron infusions at multiple infusion sites along the right proximal forearm. Multiple intravenous sites between her right antecubital fossa and wrist had ...
Correa Marcelo Ju - - 2010
Laser Doppler imaging (LDI) is a relatively new method for assessing the functional aspect of superficial skin blood flow in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and Raynaud's phenomenon. The present study investigated the dynamic behavior of digital skin microvascular blood flow before and after cold stimulus (CS) in SSc patients and in ...
Zhao Jun-Ping - - 2010
To study optic nerve lesions, changes in blood flow to the optic nerve, and permeability of micro blood vessels and histopathology in diabetic rats. Male Wistar rats (n=20) were randomly divided into control and diabetic groups. The diabetic model was prepared by a single injection of streptozotocin (50mg/kg) into the ...
Yano Hiroki - - 2009
Acute mental stress induces sympathetic activation and influences vasomotor control in various organs. In the present study, to better understand the effect of physical training on peripheral vasomotor control during acute mental stress, we compared the skin vascular responses to mental arithmetic (MA) in physically trained and untrained humans. Eight ...
Kumar S - - 2009
Flow around two circular cylinders in a side-by-side arrangement normal to the free stream with heat release from one of the cylinders is studied experimentally. This flow, with no heat release, is known to exhibit a range of flow regimes at different cylinder spacings. In particular, the wake exhibits well-known ...
McLellan Katie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To protect against ischemia, pressure-induced vasodilation (PIV) causes an increase in skin blood flow. Endothelial dysfunction, which is commonly found in older patients and those with diabetes, and global temperatures can affect the resting blood flow in skin, which may reduce the blood flow during and after the application ...
Mukhutdinova F I - - 2009
Experiments on rats showed that complete Freund's adjuvant-induced low-grade fever and pyrogenal-induced fever are accompanied by an increase in the content of Mn, Cu, Zn, and Se in the thoracic duct lymph. Our results indicate that the lymphatic system supplies trace elements to the circulation, which compensates for a deficiency ...
Agarwal Sharad C - - 2010
Laser Doppler fluxmetry (LDF) can non-invasively measure skin microvascular changes in response to acetylcholine (ACh), local heating of the skin and reactive hyperaemia following arterial occlusion. Various studies have used microvascular changes in response to these stimuli, especially ACh iontophoresis and local heating, as a surrogate marker of endothelial function. ...
Suschek Christoph V - - 2010
Nitric oxide (NO(*)) in human skin has been under investigation since first reports of NOS expression in skin tissue in 1992. NO(*) plays a key role in the dermal response to external stimuli such as heat, ultraviolet (UV) light, or infection, and in healing of abrasions, lesions or burns. Recently, ...
Merz K M - - 2010
Current trends for the treatment of deep partial thickness and full-thickness burns include early excision and skin grafting. In this study we retrospectively evaluated the ability of Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF), taken within 24h of the burn to predict: (1) burn wound depth and (2) wounds which would heal in ...
Svalestad J - - 2010
Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) and transcutaneous oximetry (TcPO(2)) are non-invasive techniques, widely used in the clinical setting, for assessing microvascular blood flow and tissue oxygen tension, e.g. recording vascular changes after radiotherapy and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. With standardized procedures and improved reproducibility, these methods might also be applicable in longitudinal ...
Huang Yu-Chih - - 2009
During laser therapy of port wine stain (PWS) birthmarks, regions of perfusion may persist. We hypothesize that such regions are not readily observable even when laser surgery is performed by highly experienced clinicians. The objective of this study was to use objective feedback to assess the acute vascular response to ...
Kellogg Dean L DL - - 2009
Nitric oxide (NO) participates in the cutaneous vasodilation caused by increased local skin temperature (Tloc) and whole body heat stress in humans. In forearm skin, endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) participates in vasodilation due to elevated Tloc and neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) participates in vasodilation due to heat stress. To explore ...
Zaman Raiyan T - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to quantify the effect of hyper-osmotic agent (glycerol) on blood velocity in hamster skin blood vessels measured with a dynamic imaging technique, laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI). STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study a dorsal skin-flap window was implanted on ...
Sharan C J - - 2009
Management of bilateral vocal fold immobility continues to remain a challenge for the Otolaryngologist who attempts to create a balance between creation of an adequate airway and preservation of voice. The flow volume loop obtained by spirometry provides an ideal objective assessment tool to evaluate the results of surgery for ...
Drummond Peter D - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-treatment of human skin with the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist terazosin would block vasoconstrictor responses and axon-reflex vasodilatation to the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor agonist methoxamine. Drugs were administered by iontophoresis into the skin of the forearm of 15 healthy participants, and skin blood flow was ...
Esen Ferhan - - 2009
Detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) of laser Doppler flow (LDF) time series appears to yield improved prognostic power in microvascular dysfunction, through calculation of the scaling exponent, alpha. In the present study the long lasting strenuous activity-induced change in microvascular function was evaluated by DFA in basketball players compared with sedentary ...
Oresta Paolo - - 2009
The heat transfer mechanism in Rayleigh-Bénard convection in a liquid with a mean temperature close to its boiling point is studied through numerical simulations with pointlike vapor bubbles, which are allowed to grow or shrink through evaporation and condensation and which act back on the flow both thermally and mechanically. ...
Howell Kevin J - - 2009
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Localised scleroderma (LS) is the most common form of scleroderma seen in children, and usually presents unilaterally. Infrared thermography (IRT) and laser Doppler (LD) have both been reported to be useful in assessing the active, inflammatory stage of LS. We developed and validated a protocol using these techniques for ...
Saini Sarbjit S - - 2009
Chronic urticaria is a common skin disease without an etiology in the majority of cases. The similarity of symptoms and pathology to allergen-induced skin reactions supports the idea that skin mast cell and blood basophil IgE receptor activation is involved; however, no exogenous allergen trigger has been identified. Recent evidence ...
Brothers R Matthew - - 2009
Passive heat stress reduces arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure (P(aCO2)) as reflected by 3 to 5 Torr reductions in end-tidal carbon dioxide tension (P(ETCO2)). Heat stress also reduces cerebrovascular conductance (CBVC) by up to 30%. While is a strong regulator of CBVC, it is unlikely that the relatively small change ...
Petrofsky Jerrold S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ageing reduces the resting blood flow to the skin as well as the blood flow response to thermal stimuli. However, the interrelationships between skin thickness, subcutaneous fat, and skin blood flow in determining the heat dissipation characteristics of the skin have not been investigated. MATERIAL/METHODS: In the present investigation, ...
Nagata Koji - - 2009
Some disorders such as circulatory disease and metabolic abnormality cause many problems to peripheral blood flow condition. Therefore, frequent measurement of the blood flow condition is bound to contribute to precaution against those disorders and to control of conditions of the diseases. We propose a convenient means of blood flow ...
Altintas M A - - 2009
Various approaches are used to study microcirculation, however, no modality evaluates microcirculation and histomorphology on cellular levels. We hypothesized that reflectance-mode confocal microscopy (RCM) enables simultaneous evaluation in vivo of both microcirculation and histomorphology. The forearm of 20 volunteers was exposed to either local heat stress (HS-group), or to local ...
Jan Yih-Kuen - - 2009
The objective of this study was to investigate age-related changes of microvascular functions using wavelet analysis of blood flow oscillations (BFO), and to develop a new quantification method to present wavelet coefficients for studying the contribution of each blood flow control mechanism to the skin vasodilatory response. 20 older people ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >