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Sandek Anja A Division of Applied Cachexia Research, Department of Cardiology, Charité, Campus Virchow, Berlin, Germany; Department of Cardiology, Charité Medical School, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blood flow in the intestinal arteries is reduced in patients with stable heart failure (HF) and relates to gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and cardiac cachexia. The aims of this study were to measure arterial intestinal blood flow and assess its role in juxtamucosal bacterial growth, GI symptoms, and cachexia in patients ...
Shakur Sophia F SF From the Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at - - 2014
The hemodynamic effects of extracranial carotid stenosis on intracranial blood flow are not well characterized. We sought to determine the impact of degree of stenosis, stenosis length, and residual lumen on intracranial blood flow in patients with extracranial carotid stenosis. Carotid stenosis patients who had undergone both vessel flow rate ...
Lavinskiene Simona S Department of Pulmonology and Immunology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to estimate relations between sputum neutrophilia and the chemotactic activity of peripheral blood neutrophils after the bronchial allergen challenge in asthma patients. Fifteen patients with allergic asthma (AA), 13 patients with allergic rhinitis (AR), all sensitized to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, and 8 healthy subjects (HS) ...
Gentile Mauro M Neurologic Clinic, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Contrast-transcranial Doppler and contrast-transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (c-TCCD) have been reported to have high sensitivity in detecting patent foramen ovale as compared with transesophageal echocardiography. An international consensus meeting (Jauss and Zanette 2000) recommended that the contrast agent for right-to left-shunt (RLS) detection using contrast-transcranial Doppler be prepared by mixing ...
Ries Jutta J Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Erlangen University Hospital, Erlangen, Germany - - 2014
Background/Aim: Aberrant microRNA (miRNA) expression in blood of cancer patients is a common finding. The present study aimed at evaluating the differences in miRNA expression in whole blood samples of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients compared to healthy controls. Materials and Methods: Microarray based miRNA profiling was performed on ...
Leli Christian C From the Microbiology Section, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital , Perugia , - - 2014
Background: Procalcitonin (PCT) levels can be used to predict bacteremia and DNAemia in patients with sepsis. In this study, the diagnostic accuracy of PCT in predicting blood culture (BC) results and DNAemia, as detected by real-time PCR (RT-PCR), was compared with that of other markers of inflammation commonly evaluated in ...
Fujii Toshiharu T Department of Cardiology, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, 259-1193, - - 2014
Routine use of distal protection for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is not recommended. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of slow flow on mortality after STEMI, and the efficacy of adjunctive distal protection following primary thrombus aspiration. We retrospectively analyzed 414 STEMI patients who underwent ...
Arellano Daniel L DL Division of Critical Care, Department of Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, 6550 Fannin Street, Suite SM1001, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Department of Family Health, School of Nursing, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Room# 796, 6901 Bertner Avenue, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this article is to propose optimal weaning of vasopressors in patients with septic shock. Topics discussed include pathophysiology of sepsis and septic shock, treatment guidelines for sepsis, autoregulation of blood flow, vasopressors used in septic shock, weaning recommendations, monitor alarms in the intensive care unit, and new ...
Soylu Korhan K Korhan Soylu, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, - - 2014
The coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) is a coronary artery disease with a benign course, but its pathological mechanisms are not yet fully understood.The purpose of this controlled study was to investigate the cellular content of blood in patients diagnosed with CSFP and the relationship of this with coronary flow ...
Era Sumiko S Center for Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Kawagoe, - - 2014
Massive obstetric hemorrhage (MOH) requires prompt transfusion of red blood cells and coagulation factors. Because MOH has a diverse pathogenesis, the shock index (SI) alone may be insufficient for determining blood transfusion. Here, we retrospectively analyzed patients with MOH to determine usefulness of the indicators of shock including the SI ...
Hou Guojin G Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital, No 49, North Garden Rd, HaiDian District, Beijing 100191, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The need exists for perioperative blood management measures aimed at improving patient outcomes and reducing the risks of allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT). Our study aim is to discuss an algorithm to predict the need for perioperative blood transfusion in old patients with pertrochanteric femoral fractures. We retrospectively analysed the data ...
Salisbury Adam C AC Department of Cardiology, Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, Kansas City, Missouri; University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blood transfusion is controversial for anemic patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), with some previous studies reporting increased risk of transfusion-associated mortality. The goal of this study was to examine variability in blood transfusions across hospitals and the relationship between blood transfusion and in-hospital mortality in a large, contemporary cohort ...
Komatsu Ryu R Anesthesiology Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave.,/E30, Cleveland, OH, 44195 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate whether Type O blood group status is associated with increased intraoperative blood loss and requirement of blood transfusion in extensive spine surgery. Retrospective comparative study. University-affiliated, non-profit teaching hospital. Data from 1,050 ASA physical status 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 patients who underwent spine surgeries involving 4 ...
Meijs Jessica J Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Department of Rheumatology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Medical Department, Actelion Pharmaceuticals Nederland BV, Woerden and Department of Rheumatic Diseases, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2014
The aim of the study was to examine the effect of bosentan on blood flow in the hand in a subset of patients who had reduced blood flow relative to healthy subjects. Additionally, the relationship between blood flow in the hands of SSc patients and the presence of digital ulcers ...
Tsao Yu-Chien YC Department of Internal Medicine, Yonghe Cardinal Tien Hospital, Taipei 234, Taiwan; Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei 11217, Taiwan; School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 11217, - - 2014
Panic disorder (PD) is characterized by panic attacks accompanied with respiratory symptoms. Internal jugular vein (IJV) alters its hemodynamics in response to respiration and which might cause cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes. In the present study, we compared (1) respiratory-related IJV hemodynamics and (2) CBF changes during Valsalva maneuver (VM) ...
Chou Chiu-Wen CW Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Perioperative blood transfusion still takes a large proportion in inappropriate blood transfusion. As the data are limited in China, we reported a perioperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion practices in a tertiary hospital in Guangzhou, China. In 2008-2009, patients who underwent elective surgeries receiving RBC transfusions were recorded and the ...
Geeraedts Leo M G LM Jr Department of Surgery and Institute for Cardiovascular Research, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Helicopter Emergency Medical Service, Northwestern Netherlands Trauma Area, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The ideal strategy for prehospital intravenous fluid resuscitation in trauma remains unclear. Fluid resuscitation may reverse shock but aggravate bleeding by raising blood pressure and haemodilution. We examined the effect of prehospital i.v. fluid on the physiologic status and need for blood transfusion in hypotensive trauma patients after their arrival ...
Ali Muhammad Asghar MA Department of Anaesthesia, The Aga Khan University Hospital, - - 2014
Bombay blood group is a rare autosomal recessive phenotype within the ABO blood group. It represents genetically suppressed A, B and H genes. When considering such patients for transfusion, only blood of identical Bombay type can be safely transfused. We are reporting a patient having Bombay phenotypic blood, underwent emergency ...
Krinsky Clarissa S CS University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator, MSC07 4040, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, - - 2014
Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid agonist used for pain control. Often administered as a transdermal patch, it is an interesting drug for study of postmortem redistribution. We hypothesized that fentanyl concentrations would increase over time after death, as measured in blood drawn on the day prior to autopsy and in ...
Moore Philip W PW Department of Internal Medicine, PinnacleHealth Hospitalists, 111 S. Front St, Harrisburg, PA, 17101; Department of Internal Medicine, PinnacleHealth Toxicology Center, 111 S. Front St, Harrisburg, PA, 17101; Department of Emergency Medicine, Penn State University College of Medicine, 500 University Dr, Hershey, PA, - - 2014
Opioid-related mortality happens, even in healthcare settings. We describe serial postmortem fentanyl blood concentrations in a hospital inpatient who fatally abused transdermal fentanyl. This is a single-patient case report. A 42-year-old man with lymphoma was started on transdermal fentanyl therapy while hospitalized for chronic abdominal pain. The patient was last ...
Spada Eva E Veterinary Transfusion Unit (REV), Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety (VESPA), University of Milan, Milan, Italy - - 2014
This prospective study investigated the effect on clinical and haematological variables of the anaesthetic combination of tiletamine and zolezapam in feline blood donors. Blood (10 ml/kg bodyweight to a maximum volume of 60 ml) was collected from the jugular vein of 31 owned healthy cats anaesthetised with 2.5 mg/kg of ...
Chen X X Department of Biomedical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Ministry of Education of China, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, - - 2014
Although pilot studies have reported that exhaled propofol concentrations can reflect intraoperative plasma propofol concentrations in an individual, the blood/exhaled partial pressure ratio RBE varies between patients, and the relevant factors have not yet been clearly addressed. No efficient method has been reported for the quick evaluation of RBE and ...
Mergan Zara Y ZY Department of Anesthesiology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
We present a case of a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) undergoing an epidural blood patch (EBP) for post-puncture dural headaches despite the risks of spreading cancer cells to the epidural space. A 46-year-old male with a history of adult T-cell ALL presented with persistent positional headache and neutropenic ...
Wiszniewski Dawid D Department of Intensive Therapy and Anaesthesiology, II Chair of Paediatrics, Maria Konopnicka Teaching Hospital No. 4 in Łódz, Medical University of Łódź, Poland. - - 2014
enous malformations are the second most common congenital vessel anomaly. In our hospital, we conduct up to 30 sclerotherapies with 1-3% aethoxysclerol annually in children of all ages. The procedure is invasive and painful and therefore requires general anaesthesia. A 16-year-old girl underwent sclerotherapy of a vast vascular malformation of ...
Das Sudipta Sekhar SS Department of Transfusion Medicine, Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is characterized by the production of autoantibodies directed against red cell antigens. Most patients of AIHA arrive in the emergency or out-patient department (OPD) with severe anemia requiring urgent blood transfusion. Here we share our experience of managing these patients with incompatible blood transfusions and suggest ...
Dhawan Hari Krishan HK Department of Transfusion Medicine, PGIMER, Chandigarh, - - 2014
The development of anti-red blood cell antibodies (both allo-and autoantibodies) remains a major problem in thalassemia major patients. We studied the frequency of red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunization and autoimmunization among thalassemia patients who received regular transfusions at our center and analyzed the factors, which may be responsible for development ...
G Suresh S Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences , Guntur, India - - 2014
To determine correlation between the Salivary Urea levels with that of Blood Urea levels. Subjects were selected from patients undergoing haemodialysis and patients who had underwent kidney transplantation at Ashwini Hospitals Guntur. The study comprised of 45 patients, of which Haemodialysis group (HD) with 20 patients, Transplant (T) group with ...
Prabhakar Hemanshu H Department of Neuroanaesthesiology, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, PGIMER, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) consists of varied pathophysiological consequences and alteration of intracranial dynamics, reduction of the cerebral blood flow and oxygenation. In the past decade more emphasis has been directed towards optimizing cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in patients who have suffered TBI. Injured brain may show signs of ischemia ...
Matoshvili M M Tbilisi State Medical University, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Department of Medical Physics and Biophysics, Department of Human Normal Anatomy, Georgia; University of Rome "Sapienza", Department of Dermatology and Venereology, - - 2014
The skin is constantly exposed to oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are generated both from endogenous neutrophils and external pro-oxidant stimuli. The present study was planned to investigate the possible involvement of free radical oxidation in psoriatic patients. Study was carried out in the Department of ...
Pape Andreas A From the Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive-Care Medicine and Pain Therapy, University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany (A.P., C.F.W., M.L., M.S., S.K., O. Horn); Clinic of Anesthesiology, Ludwig Maximilians University Hospital, Munich, Germany (B.Z.); and Clinic of Anesthesiology, Surgical Intensive Care Medicine and Pain Management, Krankenhaus Nordwest, Frankfurt, Germany (O. - - 2014
The initial treatment of an acute blood loss with acellular fluids leads to the dilution of the red cell mass remaining in the vasculature, that is, to acute normovolemic anemia. Whether the compensation and, thus, the tolerance of acute anemia, are affected by sympathetic block induced by thoracic epidural anesthesia ...
Daradka Mousa M Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of subarachnoid propofol administration (SPA) on analgesia, sedation, ataxia, cardiopulmonary, blood gas variables, and its application in ovariectomy in Jennies. Prospective, randomized, clinical trial. Adult Jennies (n = 20; 100-120 kg; 5-7 years old). In study 1, 5 Jennies had SPA (n = 5; group 1) through Tuohy catheter, and another ...
Baumunk Daniel D Department of Urology and Paediatric Urology, Magdeburg University Medical Centre, Magdeburg, - - 2014
Introduction: Radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) is associated with an increased risk of intraoperative blood loss and the necessity of transfusions. This prospective randomised clinical study evaluates the influence of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) on blood loss in RRP. Materials and Methods: 235 patients were randomised: TEA in group 1 (n ...
Stein M H MH Department of Anesthesia, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey- Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey, - - 2014
Epidural blood patch is a standard treatment for obstetric patients experiencing a severe post-dural puncture headache. Patients who sustained an accidental dural puncture during establishment of epidural analgesia during labour or at caesarean delivery were randomly assigned to receive a prophylactic epidural blood patch or conservative treatment with a therapeutic ...
Fransen VAN DE Putte E E EE Department of Urology, Martini Hospital, Groningen, The - - 2014
Priapism is a rare complication of epidural anaesthesia, and the pathophysiology is poorly understood. In general, 95% of all priapism episodes is ischemic because of decreased penile blood flow, and therefore requires immediate treatment. A case is reported of a 45-year-old male patient in which a clear relation is demonstrated ...
Juebner Martin M Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Melatengürtel 60/62, 50823, Cologne, Germany, - - 2014
Herein, we report a case of an assisted suicide committed by application of 34 matrix-based fentanyl-containing transdermal therapeutic systems (TTS) with different release rates. The TTS were supplied by the husband but administered by the deceased herself. Besides routine systematic toxicological analysis (STA), the concentrations of fentanyl and norfentanyl were ...
Bale Gemma G Biomedical Optics Research Laboratory, University College London, Malet Place Engineering Building, Gower St., London, WC1E6BT, UK, - - 2014
The relationship between cerebral autoregulation (CA) and the neurotoxic effects of anaesthesia with and without surgery is investigated. Newborn piglets were randomly assigned to receive either 6 h of anaesthesia (isoflurane) or the same with an additional hour of minor surgery. The effect of the spontaneous changes in mean arterial ...
Silva Aura A 0000-0002-2044-6320 Toxicology Department, REQUIMTE, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade do Porto, Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, No. 228, 4050-313 Porto, - - 2014
Bleeding changes the haemodynamics, compromising organ perfusion. In this study, the effects of bleeding followed by replacement with hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (HES) or lactated Ringer's (LR) on cerebral oxygenation and electroencephalogram-derived parameters were investigated. Twelve young pigs under propofol-remifentanil anaesthesia were bled 30 mL/kg and, after a 20-minute waiting period, volume ...
Jakobsen Carl-Johan CJ Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus University Hospital, 8200 Aarhus N, - - 2014
Blood transfusion is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and numerous reports have emphasised the need for reduction. Following this there is increased attention to the concept of patient blood management. However, bleeding is relatively common following cardiac surgery and is further enhanced by the continued antiplatelet therapy policy. Another ...
Kropp K A KA Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Bishopstown, Cork, - - 2014
Herein, we report the draft genome sequence of Staphylococcus aureus ED-NGS-1006, cultivated from a blood sample taken from a neonatal sepsis patient at the Royal Infirmary in Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom.
Kropp K A KA Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Bishopstown, Cork, - - 2014
Herein, we report the draft genome sequence of Staphylococcus warneri ED-NGS-1001, cultivated from a blood sample taken from a preterm neonate blood sepsis patient at the Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom.
Kropp K A KA Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Bishopstown, Cork, - - 2014
Herein, we report the draft genome sequence of Streptococcus agalactiae ED-NGS-1000, cultivated from a blood sample taken from a preterm neonate blood sepsis patient at the Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom.
Zhang Chi C Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, - - 2014
The anatomic variation of Circle of Willis (CoW) has great impact on its compensatory capacity during stroke and cerebral ischemia. In the present study, a series of lumped parameter models were developed and used to simulate the effect of postural changes on the cerebral blood flow in ICA stenosis patients ...
Zhang Ya-Xiong YX Department of Medical Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China E-mail : zhangli6@mail.sysu.edu.cn; - - 2014
A prior study showed blood type A/AB to be associated with an increased risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) compared to subjects with blood type O. However, the relationship between ABO blood groups and prognosis of NPC patients is still questionable. In addition, whether Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with ...
Henderson Fraser - - 2013
This study determined the effects of the peripherally-restricted μ-opiate receptor (μ-OR) antagonist, naloxone methiodide (NLXmi) on fentanyl (25μg/kg, i.v.)-induced changes in (1) analgesia, (2) arterial blood gas chemistry (ABG) and Alveolar-arterial gradient (A-a gradient), and (3) ventilatory parameters, in conscious rats. The fentanyl-induced increase in analgesia was minimally affected by ...
Boonmak Polpun - - 2013
This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in Issue 2, 2002. Dural puncture is a common procedure, but leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the resulting dural defect may cause post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) after the procedure, and this can be disabling. Injecting an epidural blood patch ...
Lucangelo Umberto - - 2013
During low-flow manually-controlled anaesthesia (MCA) the anaesthetist needs constantly adjust end-tidal oxygen (EtO2) and anaesthetic concentrations (EtAA) to assure an adequate and safe anaesthesia. Recently introduced anaesthetic machines can automatically maintain those variables at target values, avoiding the burden on the anaesthetist. End-tidal-controlled anaesthesia (EtCA) and MCA provided by the ...
Heesen Michael - - 2013
Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) remains a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. The odds for PPH were about eight times higher following general anaesthesia compared with neuraxial anaesthesia in a recent retrospective study. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of type of anaesthesia (general ...
Garg Rakesh R Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain and Palliative Care, Dr. BRAIRCH, AIIMS, New Delhi, - - 2013
The technical advancement in the anaesthesia workstations has made the peri-operative anaesthesia more safer. Apart from other monitoring options, respiratory gas analysis has become an integral part of the modern anaesthesia workstations. Monitoring devices, such as an oxygen analyser with an audible alarm, carbon dioxide analyser, a vapour analyser, whenever ...
Shipley Kyle K Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United - - 2014
Study Design Retrospective evaluation of consecutively performed fluoroscopically guided cervical nerve root blocks. Objective To describe the incidence of injectate central epidural flow with respect to needle tip position during fluoroscopically guided extraforaminal cervical nerve root blocks (ECNRBs). Methods Between February 19, 2003 and June 11, 2003, 132 consecutive fluoroscopically guided ECNRBs performed ...
Yang X-Y - - 2013
Few studies look into cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes during emergence from general anaesthesia for craniotomy. The purpose of this study was to assess CBF changes during emergence from general anaesthesia for craniotomy, through monitoring blood oxygen saturation of jugular vein bulb (SjvO2 ) and transcranial Doppler (TCD). We enrolled ...
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