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Petersen Margot M Medical Faculty, Division of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Vascular Medicine, University Duesseldorf, Moorenstraße 5, Duesseldorf 40225, - - 2014
To assess the relation between left atrial appendage (LAA) morphology and echocardiographic flow pattern of the LAA by means of two- and three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE). In a total of 131 patients with atrial fibrillation, LAA morphology was analyzed by 3D-TEE and classified into four types (Chicken Wing, Windsock, Cactus, ...
Fukumoto Koichi K Department of Thoracic Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of - - 2014
Background: The ABO blood group is reported to be associated with the incidence and patient survival for several types of malignancies. We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the prognostic significance of the ABO blood group in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods: A total of 333 patients ...
Hajjar Ludhmila Abrahão LA Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Heart Institute, University of São Paulo, Av Dr Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar, São Paulo, - - 2014
Anemia has been demonstrated to be detrimental in several populations such as high-surgical-risk patients, critically ill elderly, and cardiac patients. Red blood cell transfusion is the most commonly prescribed therapy for anemia. Despite being life-saving, it carries a risk that ranges from mild complications to death. The aim of this ...
Tobe Leslie Abrams LA Department of Ophthalmology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2014
Evidence suggests that vascular abnormalities play a role in the pathogenesis of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in some patients. This study aims to assess changes in retrobulbar and retinal blood flow over time in patients with glaucoma and examine their relationship to glaucomatous progression, as determined by retinal and optic nerve ...
Au John - - 2014
To report a new indication for flap lift of interface blood using the WaveLight FS200 femtosecond laser (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX). The unique evacuation canal of the FS200 femtosecond laser allows blood from injured limbal vasculature to accumulate. In rare instances, blood extends from the canal into the ...
Xie Jingming J Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, the 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
With a significant increase in the number and complexity of spinal deformity corrective surgeries, blood loss, often requiring massive intraoperative transfusions, becomes a major limiting factor during surgery. This scenario is particularly during Posterior Vertebral Column Resection (PVCR), where extensive intraoperative blood loss may pose a major risk to the ...
Yamamoto Ryoo R Department of Neurology and Stroke Center, Hiratsuka Kyosai Hospital, Hiratsuka, - - 2014
Background and Purpose: Although ataxic hemiparesis is a common lacunar syndrome, the precise mechanism underlying hemiataxia is not clear. We attempted to identify ataxia-related, cerebral blood flow changes in patients presenting with ataxic hemiparesis after acute capsular infarct. Methods: We used 99mTc-ECD brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography to evaluate ...
Restrepo Maria M The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
As patients with a single-ventricle physiology age, long-term complications inherent to this population become more evident. Previous studies have focused on correlating anatomic and hemodynamic performance, but there is little information of how these variables change with time. Vessel growth and flow rate changes were quantified using cardiac magnetic resonance ...
Esper Tobias T From the From the Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital of Leipzig, Leipzig, Saxony, - - 2014
The blood/gas partition coefficient of a certain volatile anesthetic is of clinical importance because it determines its velocity of uptake into and elimination from the body of a patient and thus its pharmacokinetic behavior. To date, the blood/gas partition coefficients of isoflurane, sevoflurane, and desflurane have been measured in small ...
Yang Jiang-Cun JC Department of Transfusion Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, P.R. - - 2015
This study aimed to explore the correlation between red blood cell (RBC) transfusion volume and patient mortality in massive blood transfusion. A multicenter retrospective study was carried out on 1,601 surgical inpatients who received massive blood transfusion in 20 large comprehensive hospitals in China. According to RBC transfusion volume and ...
Vermeijden Wytze J WJ Department of Intensive Care and Thorax Centre Twente, Medisch Spectrum Twente Enschede, Enschede, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cell-saving devices (CS) are frequently used in cardiac surgery to reduce transfusion requirements, but convincing evidence from randomized clinical trials is missing. Filtration of salvaged blood in combination with the CS is widely used to improve the quality of retransfused blood, but there are no data to justify this approach. ...
Contenti Julie J Department of Emergency Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Faculté de Médecine de Nice, Nice, - - 2014
We evaluate the capacity of arterial (ABL), peripheral venous (VBL), and capillary (CBL) blood lactate concentration to early detect the presence of severe sepsis in patients admitted to the emergency department for a septic syndrome. Patients with signs of sepsis presenting to the emergency department were prospectively enrolled. Blood lactate ...
Okumuş Nurullah N Department of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Objective To determine the changes in serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels during therapeutic hypothermia. Study Design Between January 2011 and June 2013, 133 hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy patients being followed up in the neonatal intensive care unit of Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children's Hospital are prospectively evaluated. Group 1; patients that received therapeutic ...
Ro Richard R Division of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Roosevelt and St. Luke's Hospitals, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New - - 2014
The hydrodynamic cause of systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve (SAM) is unresolved. This study hypothesized that echocardiographic vector flow mapping, a new echocardiographic technique, would provide insights into the cause of early SAM in obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We analyzed the spatial relationship of left ventricular (LV) flow ...
Robich Michael P MP Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
We sought to determine whether publication of blood conservation guidelines by the Society of Thoracic Surgeons in 2007 influenced transfusion rates and to understand how patient- and hospital-level factors influenced blood product usage. We identified 4,465,016 patients in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database who underwent cardiac operations between 1999 and ...
Tedesco Nicholas S NS From the Department of Orthopedics at the Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine at Athens and Affinity Medical Center in Massillon, Ohio (Drs Tedesco, Korpi, and Cochran), and Research Support at the A.T. Still University-School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona (Mesa) (Ms Pazdernik). Dr Korpi was affiliated with the A.T. Still University-Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine in Missouri at the time of this study - - 2014
Intraoperative blood loss during open lumbar spine surgery is associated with adverse events and is a contributor to higher medical costs. Intraoperative hypothermia has been shown to increase blood loss and postoperative allogeneic blood transfusion rates in other realms of orthopedic surgery, but it has not been studied extensively in ...
Schneider Crispin C Division of Surgery, Head and Neck, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Upper Maudlin Street, Bristol BS2 8HW, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aim: To evaluate predictors of allogenic blood transfusion requirements in patients undergoing minimal invasive oesophagectomy at a tertiary high volume centre for oesophago-gastric surgery. Methods: Retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing minimal access oesophagectomy in our department between January 2010 and December 2011. Patients were divided into two groups depending ...
Dretzke Janine - - 2014
There is growing interest in the use of blood components for pre-hospital resuscitation of patients with major traumatic haemorrhage. It has been speculated that early resuscitation with blood components may have benefits in terms of treating trauma-induced coagulopathy, which in turn may influence survival. The proposed systematic review will evaluate ...
Johannesson Liza L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, - - 2014
To report the 12-month outcome of seven patients with viable uteri after uterus transplantation (UTx). Prospective observational study. University hospital. Seven patients with absolute uterine infertility and viable uteri for 12 months after live-donor UTx. Predetermined immunosuppression was with tacrolimus and mychophenolate mofetil (MMF) during 6 months, whereupon MMF should be withdrawn. ...
Lemonne Nathalie N Unité Transversale de la Drépanocytose, CHU de Pointe-à-Pitre, 97159 Pointe-à-Pitre, - - 2014
Patients with hemoglobin C disease (CC) usually do not develop severe complications in comparison with individuals with sickle cell anemia (SS) or with sickle cell hemoglobin C disease (SC). The present study compared the hematological, biochemical, hemorheological and clinical characteristics of CC patients to those of SS, SC and healthy ...
Förster Alex A From the Department of Neuroradiology, Universitätsmedizin Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, - - 2014
Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia (VBD) is a dilatative arteriopathy associated with a decreased blood flow velocity. Fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) vascular hyperintensity (FVH) is a phenomenon most likely representing slow arterial blood flow. We sought to examine the frequency and extent of FVH in VBD. We analyzed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Ansari Shazia Akbar SA Immunology and Infectious Diseases Research Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, University of Karachi, Karachi, - - 2014
A and B blood group antigens are fucosylated carbohydrate present on human erythrocytes and body secretions. Their presence in body secretions depends on the expression of a dominant allele of secretor gene FUT2 and is correlated with susceptibility to various infectious and non-infectious diseases. We investigated the correlation of blood ...
Sethi Sean K SK From the MRI Institute of Biomedical Research, Detroit, Michigan (SKS, DTU, - - 2014
To determine if extracranial venous structural and flow abnormalities exist in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess the anatomy and function of major veins in the neck in 138 MS patients and 67 healthy controls (HC). Time-of-flight MR angiography (MRA) was used to assess ...
Liumbruno G M GM Immunohematology and Trasfusion Medicine, San Giovanni Calibita Fatebenefratelli Hospital,AFAR, Rome, Italy - - - 2014
The overall use of allogeneic blood transfusions in clinical practice remains relatively high and still varies widely among centres and practitioners. Moreover, allogeneic blood transfusions have historically been linked with risks and complications: some of them (e.g. transfusion reactions and transmission of pathogens) have been largely mitigated through advancements in ...
Ishizaki Yoichi Y Department of Hepatobiliary Pancreatic Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Background: There is little information on whether living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) reduces the supply of blood to esophagogastric varices. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of LDLT on esophagogastric varices using both endoscopy and transendoscopic microvascular Doppler sonography (EMDS). Patients and Methods: 16 LDLT ...
Escárcega Ricardo O RO Interventional Cardiology, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, - - 2015
Baseline anemia is associated with transfusions and increased risk of mortality in patients who underwent cardiac surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention. The impact of blood transfusions in anemic patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains unclear. All patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI at our institution were retrospectively included. ...
Theusinger Oliver M OM Institute of Anesthesiology, University Hospital of Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
To point out the tolerance of anemia, the possible use of alternatives to allogeneic blood products as well as the pathophysiological effects of transfusions in the context of multiple trauma patients. Restrictive transfusion triggers are beneficial for patient outcome in trauma.The actual European Trauma Treatment Guidelines suggest the use of ...
Akgün Hakan H Neurology Service, Etimesgut Military Hospital, Etimesgut, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Migraine is a neurovascular disorder characterized by autonomic nervous system dysfunction and severe headache attacks. Studies have shown that changes in the intracranial vessels during migraine have an important role in the pathophysiology. Many studies have been conducted on the increased risk of stroke in patients with migraine, but insufficient ...
Kim Hun H School of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749, Republic of - - 2014
We recently introduced an optical sensor, termed photothermal spectral-domain optical coherence reflectometer (PT SD-OCR), capable of direct measurement of hemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) without chemicals and pre-processing of blood. PT SD-OCR measures [Hb] by quantifying refractive index changes of blood samples due to photothermal effect under the irradiation of 532-nm light. ...
Johansson Pär I PI Section for Transfusion Medicine, Capital Region Blood Bank, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark; - - 2014
Massive hemorrhage is associated with coagulopathy and high mortality. The transfusion guidelines up to 2006 recommended that resuscitation of massive hemorrhage should occur in successive steps using crystalloids, colloids and red blood cells (RBC) in the early phase, and plasma and platelets in the late phase. With the introduction of ...
Hébert Paul C PC From the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group, Department of Medicine and Centre de Recherche, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Montreal (P.C.H.); and the Division of General Internal Medicine, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ - - 2014
Holst and colleagues(1) now provide definitive evidence in the Journal that a restrictive approach to blood transfusion not only reduced blood use by half but also did not cause harm to 998 critically ill patients with septic shock. It has been 15 years since the publication of the results of ...
Fragkou Paraskevi C - - 2014
IntroductionBlood transfusion in the peri-operative period has frequently been associated with an excess of nosocomial infections. Whilst transfused whole blood induces specific host immune alteration that may predispose to nosocomial infections, the immunomodulating properties associated with leukodepleted blood remain incompletely understood. In this study, we explore the hypothesis that the ...
Baron Joel J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To evaluate peak systolic velocimetry (PSV) in the umbilical artery (UA) among patients with single umbilical artery (SUA) as compared to patients with three vessel cords. Methods: A prospective case-control study was performed. UA blood flow velocimetry was obtained from fetuses with SUA and from a control group ...
Michot Jean-Marie JM Service de Médecine Interne et Immunologie Clinique, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Universitaire Bicêtre, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France; Université Paris Sud 11, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, - - 2014
Sickle cell disease (SCD) has become a major public health issue. Hydroxyurea and red blood cell (RBC) transfusion are the cornerstone treatments. Erythrocytapheresis (ECP) is an automated method for transfusion exchange. Given that ECP requires more blood than conventional transfusion, there is concern about alloimmunization and hemolytic transfusion reactions. We ...
Garcia Julio J Department of Radiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2014
To test the feasibility of velocity distribution analysis for identifying altered three-dimensional (3D) flow characteristics in patients with aortic disease based on 4D flow MRI volumetric analysis. Forty patients with aortic (Ao) dilation (mid ascending aortic diameter MAA = 40 ± 7 mm, age = 56 ± 17 years, 11 females) underwent cardiovascular MRI. Four groups were retrospectively ...
Moseley Brian D BD Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Based on previous fMRI and SPECT studies, it has been suggested seizures may be preceded by increased cerebral blood flow. Recently, we demonstrated transcutaneous regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) sensors are feasible for use in patients undergoing video EEG monitoring. We reanalyzed our data to determine if seizures were consistently ...
Marini Corrado P CP Division of Trauma Surgery, Department of Surgery, Surgical Critical Care and Acute Care Surgery, New York Medical College, Westchester Medical Center University Hospital, 100 Woods Rd Taylor Pavilion E 138, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Multimodality monitoring and goal-directed therapy may not prevent blood flow and brain oxygen (Flow/BrOx) crisis. We sought to determine the impact of these events on outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). Twenty-four patients with sTBI were treated to maintain intracranial pressure (ICP) less than or equal to ...
Saleh Anas A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mail Code A41, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195. E-mail address for A.K. Klika: - - 2014
The large-scale utilization of allogenic blood transfusion and its associated outcomes have been described in critically ill patients and those undergoing high-risk cardiac surgery but not in patients undergoing elective total hip arthroplasty. The objective of this study was to determine the trends in utilization and outcomes of allogenic blood ...
Kredel Markus M * University of Würzburg, Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Würzburg, Germany † University Medical Center Regensburg, Department of Internal Medicine II, Regensburg, Germany ‡ University of Würzburg, Department of Neurosurgery, Würzburg, Germany § University Medical Center Regensburg, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Regensburg, Germany ¶ Equally contributing - - 2014
In an acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vvECMO) can rapidly normalize arterial hypoxemia and carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2). Considering the positive relationship between PaCO2 and cerebral blood flow, the aim of the current study was to evaluate cerebral regional tissue oxygen saturation (rSO2) during the implementation ...
Sandek Anja A Division of Applied Cachexia Research, Department of Cardiology, Charité, Campus Virchow, Berlin, Germany; Department of Cardiology, Charité Medical School, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blood flow in the intestinal arteries is reduced in patients with stable heart failure (HF) and relates to gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and cardiac cachexia. The aims of this study were to measure arterial intestinal blood flow and assess its role in juxtamucosal bacterial growth, GI symptoms, and cachexia in patients ...
Shakur Sophia F SF From the Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at - - 2014
The hemodynamic effects of extracranial carotid stenosis on intracranial blood flow are not well characterized. We sought to determine the impact of degree of stenosis, stenosis length, and residual lumen on intracranial blood flow in patients with extracranial carotid stenosis. Carotid stenosis patients who had undergone both vessel flow rate ...
Lavinskiene Simona S Department of Pulmonology and Immunology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to estimate relations between sputum neutrophilia and the chemotactic activity of peripheral blood neutrophils after the bronchial allergen challenge in asthma patients. Fifteen patients with allergic asthma (AA), 13 patients with allergic rhinitis (AR), all sensitized to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, and 8 healthy subjects (HS) ...
Gentile Mauro M Neurologic Clinic, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Contrast-transcranial Doppler and contrast-transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (c-TCCD) have been reported to have high sensitivity in detecting patent foramen ovale as compared with transesophageal echocardiography. An international consensus meeting (Jauss and Zanette 2000) recommended that the contrast agent for right-to left-shunt (RLS) detection using contrast-transcranial Doppler be prepared by mixing ...
Ries Jutta J Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Erlangen University Hospital, Erlangen, Germany - - 2014
Background/Aim: Aberrant microRNA (miRNA) expression in blood of cancer patients is a common finding. The present study aimed at evaluating the differences in miRNA expression in whole blood samples of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients compared to healthy controls. Materials and Methods: Microarray based miRNA profiling was performed on ...
Leli Christian C From the Microbiology Section, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital , Perugia , - - 2014
Background: Procalcitonin (PCT) levels can be used to predict bacteremia and DNAemia in patients with sepsis. In this study, the diagnostic accuracy of PCT in predicting blood culture (BC) results and DNAemia, as detected by real-time PCR (RT-PCR), was compared with that of other markers of inflammation commonly evaluated in ...
Fujii Toshiharu T Department of Cardiology, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, 259-1193, - - 2014
Routine use of distal protection for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is not recommended. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of slow flow on mortality after STEMI, and the efficacy of adjunctive distal protection following primary thrombus aspiration. We retrospectively analyzed 414 STEMI patients who underwent ...
Arellano Daniel L DL Division of Critical Care, Department of Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, 6550 Fannin Street, Suite SM1001, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Department of Family Health, School of Nursing, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Room# 796, 6901 Bertner Avenue, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this article is to propose optimal weaning of vasopressors in patients with septic shock. Topics discussed include pathophysiology of sepsis and septic shock, treatment guidelines for sepsis, autoregulation of blood flow, vasopressors used in septic shock, weaning recommendations, monitor alarms in the intensive care unit, and new ...
Soylu Korhan K Korhan Soylu, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, - - 2014
The coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) is a coronary artery disease with a benign course, but its pathological mechanisms are not yet fully understood.The purpose of this controlled study was to investigate the cellular content of blood in patients diagnosed with CSFP and the relationship of this with coronary flow ...
Matoshvili M M Tbilisi State Medical University, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Department of Medical Physics and Biophysics, Department of Human Normal Anatomy, Georgia; University of Rome “Sapienza”, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to investigate the possible role of nitrogen reactive species in pathogenesis of psoriasis. A total of 187 individuals were included in this study, out of these 84 were patients suffering from psoriasis and 103 were healthy subjects, served as a control. Patients with psoriasis ...
Tahmasebi Mohammad N MN Mohammad N Tahmasebi MD, Kaveh Bashti MD, Gholamreza Ghorbani MD, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Division of Knee Surgery, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Tranexamic acid (TXA) has received extensive attention in management of blood loss in orthopedic surgeries. However, the ideal method of TXA administration is still controversial. This study aims to determine whether intraarticular injection of TXA reduces blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Through a retrospective case-control study consecutive TKA ...
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