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Wiersum-Osselton J C - - 2012
Background and objectives  It has been suggested that the rate of reported transfusion reactions is positively correlated with safety of the transfusion chain in a hospital. We evaluated this assumption in the Transfusion Reactions in Patients Dutch National Hemovigilance Office database taking reported incorrect blood component transfused as a proxy ...
Vamvakas Eleftherios C - - 2012
The combination of patient blood management (PBM) modalities and multicomponent apheresis permits us to administer even safer transfusions than those using the "safer-than-ever" blood components distributed in the beginning of the 21st century. PBM identifies a patient at risk of transfusion and formulates a multidisciplinary and multimodal-yet individualized-plan for reducing ...
Gregory Shaun David - - 2012
Rotary ventricular assist device (VAD) support of the cardiovascular system is susceptible to suction events due to the limited preload sensitivity of these devices. This may be of particular concern with rotary biventricular support (BiVAD) where the native, flow balancing Starling response is diminished in both ventricles. The reliability of ...
Jeon Young-Chul - - 2012
Carbon coils could be synthesized using C2H2/H2 as source gases and SF6 as an incorporated additive gas under the thermal chemical vapor deposition system. The nickel catalyst layer deposition and then hydrogen plasma pretreatment were performed prior to the carbon coils deposition reaction. The flow rate and the injection time ...
Culibrk B - - 2012
Background and Objectives  There is no automated, accurate assay for the enumeration of residual red blood cells (rRBCs) in non-RBC components for transfusion, despite the potential risk of allo-immunization when mismatched components are transfused. Materials and Methods  The automated ADVIA 120 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) assay, which is approved to count ...
Bonnet M - - 2012
Refractory hypercapnia with severe acidosis appeared in a 67-year-old man who presented with lung fibrosis and a left pneumothorax as delayed complications of bleomycin chemotherapy for advanced grade lymphoma. Due to failure of noninvasive ventilation using a high-flow nasal cannula oxygen system, the patient was mechanically ventilated with two ventilators ...
Mims Meryl C - - 2012
The hydrologic regime is regarded as the primary driver of freshwater ecosystems, structuring the physical habitat template, providing connectivity, framing biotic interactions, and ultimately selecting for specific life histories of aquatic organisms. In the present study, we tested ecological theory predicting directional relationships between major dimensions of the flow regime ...
Piro Patrizia - - 2012
Combined wastewater collection systems continue to serve as a common urban conveyance method in urban areas of Europe and older urban areas of the United States. This study uses combined wastewater collection system monitoring data from the urbanizing Liguori catchment and channel in Cosenza (Italy) to illustrate event-based delivery and ...
Hassall Oliver W OW Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya. - - 2012
Severe anemia requiring blood transfusion is common in hospitalized young children in sub-Saharan Africa but blood is often in short supply. Umbilical cord blood may be a useful source of blood if microbiologic safety concerns can be addressed. Cord blood, donated on the labor ward at the provincial hospital in ...
Drew Richard J - - 2011
Laboratory methods of diagnosis were examined for 266 children with invasive meningococcal disease (IMD). Seventy-five (36%) of 207 cases with bloodstream infection (BSI) had both positive blood culture and blood meningococcal PCR, 130 (63%) negative blood culture and positive blood PCR, and 2 (1%) had positive blood culture and negative ...
Patel Robin - - 2011
Using data from 23,313 patients, we assessed whether two blood culture sets of three bottles per set would detect more pathogens than two sets of two bottles per set and achieve similar sensitivity to collecting three sets of two bottles per set. We also compared the yield of aerobic and ...
Samuel Linoj P - - 2011
The VersaTREK(®) microbial detection system offers 2 media formulations, an aerobic and an anaerobic bottle available in a 40-mL direct draw format and an 80-mL format. The 40-mL EZ Draw(®) bottle can be inoculated with a maximum volume of 5 mL, while the REDOX 80-mL bottle accommodates a 10-mL volume. ...
Zackrisson Ulf - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We utilized methods for intravital microscopy and microcirculation measurements to study changes during ovulation. STUDY DESIGN: Immature gonadotrophin-primed rats were laparotomized and one ovary was examined for morphological alterations during a 3h period (covering a period from 1h before to 27h after hCG) through water-immersion lenses (maximum magnification 812×). ...
Elmashad Ashraf I - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) on plasma levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and ovarian stromal blood flow changes, by using three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasonography, in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Prospective controlled study. Taiba hospital, Kuwait. Twenty-three anovulatory clomiphene citrate (CC)-resistant women with PCOS and 20 fertile ...
Neglia G - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cloprostenol administration on the blood flow of pre-ovulatory follicle (PF) and corpus luteum (CL), progesterone secretion and pregnancy outcome in buffaloes subjected to AI. The trial was performed on 75 Italian buffaloes at 182 ± 8 days in milk. Synchronized animals were ...
Keator Christopher S CS Division of Reproductive Sciences, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Beaverton, Oregon 97006-3448, USA. - - 2011
To use contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEU) to quantify blood flow in the macaque uterus during early pregnancy. Prospective nonhuman primate study. Oregon National Primate Research Center. Naturally cycling female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Female macaques were mated on days 11-14 of the cycle. Females were then imaged by CEU and Doppler ...
Shrestha H K - - 2011
Acute changes in circulating progesterone concentration and luteal blood flow in heifers after a conventional dose of prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF; 25mg dinoprost, i.m.) were compared between the early luteal phase (Day 3) and midluteal phase (Day 10; Day 0=ovulation), using four groups (Day-3 control, Day-3 PGF, Day-10 control, and Day-10 ...
Takahashi Noriyo - - 2011
The study was designed to assess the effects of local heat (LH) application on postganglionic muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) measured by microneurography in healthy men. In the first protocol, MSNA of the left peroneal nerve, blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and skin temperature of the shin (TSK) were ...
Younis Johnny S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into the ovarian stromal blood flow in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as compared with women with normal ovulation, good ovarian reserve, and infertility and to evaluate the role of stromal flow in these patients to predict clinical pregnancy in an assisted reproductive technologies setting. ...
Sehi Mitra - - 2011
Acta Ophthalmol. 2011: 89: e1-e11 ABSTRACT.: Many studies have suggested an association between blood flow dysregulation and glaucomatous damage to the optic nerve. Confocal scanning laser Doppler flowmetry (CSLDF) is a technique that measures the capillary blood flow of the retina and optic nerve head and provides a two-dimensional map ...
Aslan S - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare the effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on follicular blood flow (FBF) during the pre-ovulatory period and on luteal blood flow (LBF) during dioestrus in Holstein-Friesian heifers. Twelve animals were randomly divided into two groups and treated with ...
Pancarc─▒ S M - - 2011
Two experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that there are dynamic changes in follicular blood flow during follicular deviation and that nitric oxide (NO) in follicular fluid (FF) plays a role in regulation of follicular blood flow. In Experiment I, follicular blood flow of the two largest follicles was ...
Takasaki Akihisa - - 2011
Blood flow in the corpus luteum (CL) is closely related to luteal function. It is unclear how luteal blood flow is regulated. Standardized ovarian-stimulation protocol with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa long protocol) causes luteal phase defect because it drastically suppresses serum LH levels. Examining luteal blood flow in the ...
Takamori Yoshihiro - - 2011
A total of 15 patients with lumbar disc herniation at the L5-S1 disc level who underwent microendoscopic discectomy were examined. The nerve root blood flow and electrophysiological values were measured during an intraoperative straight-leg-raising (SLR) test. To investigate the relationships between nerve root blood flow changes and the electrophysiological values ...
Takayama Shin - - 2011
In traditional Chinese medicine, moxibustion is a local thermal therapy that is used for several conditions. Quantifying the effects of moxibustion therapy has been difficult because the treatment temperature depends on the physician's experience, and the temperature distribution in the target area is not uniform. This prospective observational study aims ...
El Behery Manal M - - 2011
To determine, by using 3-dimensional power Doppler ultrasonography, the effect of laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) on the serum level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and ovarian stromal blood flow changes in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A prospective controlled clinical study was conducted on 26 clomiphene-resistant women with PCOS who ...
Brown Louise F - - 2011
The introduction of a second trimester quadruple test for fetal Down's syndrome adds the measurement of serum inhibin A (InhA) and unconjugated oestriol (UE3) to the existing repertoire of alphafetoprotein and intact human chorionic gonadotrophin. The aim of this study was to assess the stability of InhA and UE3 in ...
Seth Henrik - - 2010
The control of the gastrointestinal hyperemia that occurs after feeding in most animals is of fundamental importance for the subsequent absorption, metabolism and redistribution of nutrients. Yet, in fish, it has received little attention and the nature of it is far from clear. We sought to investigate the importance of ...
Yayama Takafumi - - 2010
Phalen's test has been one of the most significant of clinical signs when making a clinical diagnosis of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, it is unknown whether intraneural blood flow changes during Phalen's test in patients with CTS. In this study, an intraoperative Phalen's test was conducted in patients ...
Carreras F Javier - - 2010
We study the vitreous interface of the optic disc to delimit the passages for the flow of fluids through the prelaminar tissue of porcine eyes. Wet scanning electron microscope (SEM), conventional SEM and transmission electron microscope (TEM) were used to explore the surface of the optic nerve of the pig. ...
Hotta Harumi - - 2010
There are significant age-related changes in autonomic nervous system function that are responsible for an impaired ability to adapt to environmental or intrinsic visceral stimuli in the elderly. We review data on changes in autonomic nervous system regulation of cardiovascular and urinary function, as well as data on strategies to ...
Gierthmühlen Janne - - 2010
Several studies have suggested that autonomic neural control plays a role in regulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF), although the exact role of the sympathetic nervous system on CBF remains debated. The effects of sympathetic innervation on activity-induced cerebral perfusion changes in humans have not been studied. The aims of ...
Hotta Harumi - - 2010
Autonomic dysfunction during seizures can induce bradyarrhythmia via efferent vagal overactivity. We studied cardiovascular, brain blood flow, and electroencephalographic consequences of vagal stimulation during seizures in rats. Efferent vagal stimulation reduced seizure activity, completely suppressing it at high frequencies, by reducing heart rate, arterial pressure, and cortical blood flow. Afferent ...
Angulo Javier - - 2010
Female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD) is the inability to attain or maintain an adequate lubrication-swelling response of sexual excitement. The potentiation of vascular responses leading to increased blood flow in clitoris and vagina has represented the main focus in the pharmacological treatment of FSAD, including the evaluation of the type ...
Wayman C P - - 2010
Female sexual arousal consists of a number of physiological responses resulting from increased genital blood. Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), neuropeptide Y and to a lesser extent nitric oxide are neurotransmitters found in the vasculature of the genitalia. Neutral endopeptidase (NEP) modulates the activity of neuropeptides including VIP. The aim of ...
Moradkhan Raman - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased sympathetic nerve activity, endothelial dysfunction, and premature cardiovascular disease. To determine whether hypoxia is associated with impaired skeletal muscle vasodilation, we compared femoral artery blood flow (ultrasound) and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (peroneal microneurography) during exposure to acute systemic hypoxia (fraction of ...
Xu QingGui - - 2010
The microvascular supply of the peripheral nerve trunk may be rendered vulnerable by acute focal injuries, particularly if they are associated with direct injury to the epineurial blood supply. In this work we tracked the impact of three clinically relevant forms of focal nerve trunk injury on serial measures of ...
Badoer Emilio - - 2010
The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus is a key integrative area in the brain involved in influencing sympathetic nerve activity and in the release of hormones or releasing factors that contribute to regulating body fluid homeostasis and endocrine function. The endocrine and hormonal regulatory function of the paraventricular nucleus is well studied, ...
Kung Ling-Hsuan - - 2010
Serotonin is thought to contribute to the syncopal-like response that develops during severe blood loss by inhibiting presympathetic neurons of the rostroventrolateral medulla (RVLM). Here, we tested whether serotonin cells activated during hypotensive hemorrhage, i.e., express the protein product of the immediate early gene c-Fos, are critical for the normal ...
Kobayashi Shigeru - - 2010
OBJECT: The dorsal root ganglion (DRG) should not be overlooked when considering the mechanism of low-back pain and sciatica, so it is important to understand the morphological features of the vascular system supplying the DRG. However, the neurogenic control of intraganglionic blood flow has received little attention in the past. ...
Melani Mariana - - 2010
The vascular and the nervous systems of vertebrates share many features with similar and often overlapping anatomy. The parallels between these two systems extend to the molecular level, where recent work has identified ever-increasing similarities between the molecular mechanisms employed in the specification, differentiation, and patterning of both systems. This ...
Tsuruoka N - - 2010
Acupuncture is used widely in oriental medicine. But it is difficult to stimulate continuously or intermittently in daily life with conventional acupuncture. An acupoint stimulation device using focused ultrasound has been developed. Because the device size is about 6 mm in diameter, it can be easily put on the skin ...
Hamner J W - - 2010
The role of the sympathetic nervous system in cerebral autoregulation remains poorly characterized. We examined cerebral blood flow responses to augmented arterial pressure oscillations with and without sympathetic blockade and compared them with responses in the forearm circulation. An oscillatory lower body negative pressure of 40 mm Hg was used ...
Bj?rkman Jan-Arne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is a substantial local release of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in the splanchnic vascular bed, and this release is increased at high sympathetic tone. Coronary t-PA release is also significant, and this release increases during cardiac nerve stimulation and during reperfusion after 10 min of local myocardial ischemia. ...
Kobayashi Shigeru - - 2009
Prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1)) is a potent vasodilator as well as an inhibitor of platelet aggregation and has therefore attracted interest as a therapeutic drug for lumbar canal stenosis. However, investigations in the clinical setting have shown that PGE(1) is effective in some patients but not in others, although the reason ...
Allers Kelly A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: A new method for assessing female sexual arousal through changes in slow oscillatory patterns in vaginal blood flow was first described in the previous manuscript [1]. This method was translational and discriminated between normal healthy volunteers and women with female sexual arousal disorder. AIM: These studies addressed the influence ...
Yoshii Y - - 2010
The objective of this study was to clarify the effect of repetitive compression on nerve physiology in an experimental rabbit model. We defined 80 mmHg as a compression force which caused temporary disturbance of nerve conduction and blood flow with a brief compression. The following compressions were applied for 30 ...
Takei Kuniharu - - 2009
We have proposed fabricating very fine out-of-plane silicon-dioxide microtube arrays using a selective vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth technique and microfabrication processes. In this study, we elucidated the liquid-flow properties of microtubes with different inner diameters. Our fabricated microtubes were 0.5 microm in wall thickness; 20 microm in height; and either 2.5 ...
Ishii Hisayoshi - - 2009
We compared the changes in blood flow of the masseter muscle (MBF), lower lip (LBF) and common carotid artery (CCABF) evoked by electrical stimulation of the lingual nerve (LN) in order to examine whether high cholinergic activity of parasympathetic vasodilatation in females is specific for the masseter muscle, and whether ...
Iliff Jeffrey J JJ Dept. of Anesthesiology and Peri-Operative Medicine, Oregon Health and Science Univ., 3181 SW Sam Jackson Pk. Rd., UHS-2, Portland, OR 97239-3098, - - 2009
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are potent vasodilators produced from arachidonic acid by cytochrome P-450 (CYP) epoxygenases and metabolized to vicinal diols by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). In the brain, EETs are produced by astrocytes and the vascular endothelium and are involved in the control of cerebral blood flow (CBF). Recent evidence, ...
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