Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1830
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Sarlo Michela - - 2012
Reduced sympathetic outflow and deficits in cerebral hemodynamics have been considered as possible factors mediating the impaired cognitive performance in essential hypotension. However, the relationship between systemic blood pressure (BP), cerebral blood flow and cognitive functioning is still poorly understood. The present study was aimed at clarifying the physiological processes ...
Srinivasan Vivek J - - 2012
TO DATE, TWO MAIN CATEGORIES OF OCT TECHNIQUES HAVE BEEN DESCRIBED FOR IMAGING HEMODYNAMICS: Doppler OCT and OCT angiography. Doppler OCT can measure axial velocity profiles and flow in arteries and veins, while OCT angiography can determine vascular morphology, tone, and presence or absence of red blood cell (RBC) perfusion. ...
Nam Kweon-Ho - - 2012
Many studies have been performed to better understand the hemodynamics in microvessels, such as arterioles and venules. However, due to the heterogeneous features of size, shape, blood-flow velocity, and pulsatility of microvessels, conducting a systematic study on these factors has been almost impossible. Although in vitro studies have been performed ...
Feng Wei - - 2012
Purpose: To study the blood flow through the internal jugular veins (IJVs) of the MS population. Materials and Methods: Two hundred MS patients and 14 normal volunteers were evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3T. Contrast-enhanced time-resolved 3D MR angiography and 2D time-of-flight imaging were performed to assess abnormalities ...
Forsberg Ulf - - 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of air microemboli in the dialysis circuit and in the venous circulation of the patients during hemodialysis. In vitro studies indicate that a high blood level in the venous air trap reduces the extent of microbubble formation. The purpose of this study was to ...
Salinet Angela S M - - 2012
Cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv) changes to sensorimotor and cognitive paradigms have been used to assess the integrity of hemodynamic responses, though the reproducibility of these responses has not been properly assessed. Continuous recordings of blood pressure, end-tidal CO(2), heart rate and bilateral CBFv were obtained during 60s of active, ...
Jung Sung Yong - - 2012
To measure instantaneous velocity fields of venous blood flow in a rat using X-ray particle tracking method. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) incorporated chitosan microparticles were applied as biocompatible flow tracers. After intravenous injection of the AuNP-chitosan particles into 7- to 9-week-old male rat vein, X-ray images of particle movement inside the ...
Wald Nicholas J - - 2012
Ductus venosus blood flow, expressed as a pulsatility index (DVPI) has been shown to improve the performance of the Combined and Integrated antenatal screening tests for Down's syndrome using previously published data. The use of ductus venosus blood flow as a categorical marker (reversed or absent end diastolic blood flow ...
Vuk Tomislav - - 2012
Continuous and efficient error management, including procedures from error detection to their resolution and prevention, is an important part of quality management in blood establishments. At the Croatian Institute of Transfusion Medicine (CITM), error management has been systematically performed since 2003. Data derived from error management at the CITM during ...
Satti Luqman - - 2012
In this study, we evaluated the performance of blood agar (by macroscopic growth) and nutrient agar (by a microcolony detection method) for drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis against rifampin (RIF) and isoniazid (INH), using 67 smear-positive sputum specimens. The direct proportion method on Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) medium was used as ...
Bosticardo Gianmario - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus regarding the optimal dialysate calcium concentration (DCa) during haemodialysis (HD). Low DCa may predispose to acute arrhythmias, whereas high DCa increases the long-term risk of soft tissue calcifications.METHODS: Twenty-two HD patients treated in four dialysis centres underwent two HD sessions, respectively, with 1.5 and 1.25 ...
Hosokawa Masahito - - 2012
Absolute counting of total leukocytes or specific subsets within small amounts of whole blood is difficult due to a lack of techniques that enable separation of all leukocytes from limited amounts of whole blood. In this study, a microfluidic device equipped with a size-controlled microcavity array for highly efficient separation ...
Agampodi Suneth B - - 2012
Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), despite cost and logistical challenges, has the potential to provide accurate and timely diagnosis for leptospirosis at the point-of-care in endemic areas. We studied optimal sample types for qPCR, timing of sampling, and clinical manifestations in relation to quantitative leptospiremia. A new qPCR assay using ...
Strobel J - - 2012
Background  There is a lack of data on the usage of plasma derived/recombinant coagulation factor concentrates (PD/RCFC) regarding diagnostic categories. An audit of PD/RCFC and blood component usage at a tertiary care teaching hospital in northern Bavaria was conducted. Study design and methods  All blood components and PD/RCFC transfused at ...
Dexter Franklin - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: At many hospitals, the type and screen decision is guided by the hospital's maximum surgical blood order schedule, a document that includes for each scheduled (elective) surgical procedure a recommendation of whether a preoperative type and screen be performed. There is substantial heterogeneity in the scientific literature for how ...
Pasic Miralem - - 2012
We report a successful third complex heart operation without the transfusion of any allogeneic blood or blood products in a female Jehovah's Witness patient who had pronounced preoperative anaemia with a haemoglobin value of 6.9 mg/dl. The report shows that such a procedure is possible without any transfusion of allogeneic ...
Lellouche François - - 2012
BACKGROUND: One century after the introduction of the oxygen flowmeter into clinical practice, we have developed a device, FreeO₂ that automatically titrates the oxygen flow delivered to spontaneously breathing patients, with the aim of maintaining stable pulse oximetry(SpO₂). We evaluated this system in healthy subjects during induced hypoxemia. METHODS: Hypoxemia ...
Hoge R D - - 2012
Functional magnetic resonance imaging with blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) contrast has had a tremendous influence on human neuroscience in the last twenty years, providing a non-invasive means of mapping human brain function with often exquisite sensitivity and detail. However the BOLD method remains a largely qualitative approach. While the same ...
Muller Matthew D - - 2012
The purpose of this echocardiography study was to measure peak coronary blood flow velocity (CBV(peak)) and left ventricular function (via tissue Doppler imaging) during separate and combined bouts of cold air inhalation (-14 ± 3°C) and isometric handgrip (30% maximum voluntary contraction). Thirteen young adults and thirteen older adults volunteered ...
Lee Jong Wha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recently, there have been several nationwide episodes involving imported toys contaminated with toxic metals and environmental hormones. In addition, cadmium intoxication has occurred due to soil contamination with cadmium from abandoned metal mines. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the distribution, extent and factors influencing the levels of toxic metals in the ...
Lin J - - 2012
Perfusion quality during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) procedures can contribute to postoperative neurological complications and influence patient recovery and outcome. Gaseous microemboli generated in the circuit and hemodynamic properties of blood reaching the patient can be monitored during CPB to optimize perfusion. Oxygenators that oxygenate the blood during CPB can significantly ...
Wang Aaron S - - 2012
Vascular ultrasound can provide quick and reliable diagnosis of arterial bleeding but it requires trained and experienced personnel. Development of automated sonographic bleed detection methods would potentially be valuable for trauma management in the field. We propose a detection method that (1) measures blood flow in a trauma victim, (2) ...
Groves Alan M AM Department of Pediatrics, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College London, London, UK. - - 2012
Consistent patterns of rotational intracardiac flow have been demonstrated in the healthy adult human heart. Intracardiac rotational flow patterns are hypothesized to assist in the maintenance of kinetic energy of inflowing blood, augmenting cardiac function. Newborn cardiac function is known to be suboptimal secondary to decreased receptor number and sympathetic ...
Throckmorton Amy L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Advances in the geometric design of blood-contacting components are critically important as the use of minimally invasive, intravascular blood pumps becomes more pervasive in the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with congestive heart failure. The present study reports on the evaluation of uniquely shaped filaments and diffuser blades ...
Zhang Haibin - - 2012
Aims: The purpose of this study was to characterize left ventricular (LV) intracavitary flow during the isovolumic contraction (IVC) period in humans using vector flow mapping. Methods: Color flow Doppler imaging was performed from the apical long-axis view in 61 patients with heart failure and 58 healthy volunteers. Doppler flow ...
Petrov I Y - - 2012
Monitoring (currently invasive) of cerebral venous blood oxygenation is a key to avoiding hypoxia-induced brain injury resulting in death or severe disability. Noninvasive, optoacoustic monitoring of cerebral venous blood oxygenation can potentially replace existing invasive methods. To the best of our knowledge, we report for the first time noninvasive monitoring ...
Dhananjayan V - - 2012
To describe exposure level of organochlorine pesticides (OCP) among workers occupationally engaged in agriculture and sheep wool associated jobs, the present study was carried out in rural neighborhood of Bangalore city, India. Thirty participants were interviewed and obtained informed consent before blood sample collection. The maximum concentrations of OCP were ...
Mahajan Babita - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is still a need to improve the sensitivity of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests for malaria to detect submicroscopic asexual stage Plasmodium infections during the early phase and chronic, asymptomatic phase of infection when the parasite burden is very low. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The inhibitory effect of ...
Raju S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Studies of orthostatic changes in cutaneous micro-perfusion have yielded conflicting results, likely from imprecision of legacy equipment. METHODS: Postural flow changes in the femoral vessels and cervical carotids were measured in healthy normal adults using duplex equipment. Nutrient skin flow was measured using Hyperspectral imager (OxyVu-2™), a newer non-touch ...
Piirilä Päivi - - 2012
Introduction. Although fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) measurement is a widely used method to assess eosinophilic bronchial inflammation, knowledge on extrabronchial factors affecting measurement results is still limited. Our aim was to study the eventual modifying effect of mouth wash on FENO values and their variability. Materials and Methods. A ...
Chmielewski Danielle - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Motivation Crowding-out Theory suggests that incentives undermine intrinsic motivation and thus blood donation behavior. While there is strong evidence showing the negative relationship between monetary incentives and blood donation, findings on the effect of nonmonetary incentives are mixed. Set in a voluntary, nonremunerated environment, this study explores aspects ...
Caboot Jason B - - 2012
Assessment of oxyhemoglobin saturation in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) is vital for prompt recognition of hypoxemia. The accuracy of pulse oximeter measurements of blood oxygenation in SCD patients is variable, partially due to carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) and methemoglobin (MetHb), which decrease the oxygen content of blood. This study evaluated ...
Dora Mbanya - - 2012
Patient Blood Management (PBM) is a patient-focused multidisciplinary and comprehensive concept that is designed to ensure the optimal, appropriate and safe use of blood and blood products, resulting in better outcome and safety for the recipients. The World Health Organization, in May 2010, adopted a resolution in favour of PBM, ...
Petersen Lyle R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dengue virus (DENV) nucleic acid amplification testing of blood donations during epidemics in endemic locations, including Puerto Rico, has suggested possible sizable transfusion transmission risk. Estimates of the long-term prevalence of DENV viremic donations will help evaluate the potential magnitude of this risk in Puerto Rico. STUDY DESIGN AND ...
Blasi Annabel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rotation thromboelastometry (TEM) has been proposed as a convenient alternative to standard coagulation tests in guiding the treatment of coagulopathy during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). This study was aimed at assessing the value of TEM in monitoring blood coagulation and guide transfusion support in OLT. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: ...
Lindholm Espen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Levels of proinflammatory mediators in unwashed salvaged blood from abdominal aortic aneurism (AAA) surgery are unknown. We hypothesized that there are higher levels of these mediators in unwashed blood salvaged in AAA surgery compared to hip replacement surgery. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Ten patients scheduled for AAA surgery (Group ...
Roca-Tey Ramon - - 2012
Introduction. Periodic blood flow (QA) measurement is the preferred way for arteriovenous fistula (AVF) surveillance in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Objectives. 1) Assess the efficacy of the temperature gradient method (TGM) on the QA determinations using the Twister&trade; device and to compare the functional results with the Delta-H method. 2) ...
Sogawa Kenji - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between the choroidal thickness and choroidal blood flow in healthy young subjects. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. METHODS: We examined 25 eyes of 25 healthy young Japanese subjects. The subfoveal choroidal thickness was measured by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). The total choroidal blood ...
Leen Edward - - 2012
Imaging is key in the accurate monitoring of response to cancer therapies targeting tumour vascularity to inhibit its growth and dissemination. Dynamic contrast enhanced ultrasound (DCE ultrasound) is a quantitative method with the advantage of being non-invasive, widely available, portable, cost effective, highly sensitive and reproducible using agents that are ...
Severo Cátia B CB Exercise Pathophysiology Research Laboratory (LaFiEx) and Cardiology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, - - 2013
The use of androgenic anabolic steroids (AAS) may be associated with changes in atherothrombotic markers and endothelial function. The purpose of this study was to compare atherothrombotic markers and endothelial function of AAS users and non-users. Cross-sectional study. Ten athletes who were users of AAS (confirmed by urine analysis) and ...
Sætre C - - 2012
Measurement of multiphase flow of gas, oil and water is not at all trivial and in spite of considerable achievements over the past two decades, important challenges remain (Corneliussen et al., 2005). These are related to reducing measurement uncertainties arising from variations in the flow regime, improving long term stability ...
Neale Joanne - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although homelessness is a risk factor for HCV infection, there is a lack of research exploring the relationship between living in a hostel for homeless people and blood-borne viruses. The tendency to focus on risky injecting practices and HCV has also eclipsed the transmission risks potentially posed by spilt ...
Cai Kejia - - 2012
Clinically, development of anti-angiogenic drugs for cancer therapy is pivotal. Longitudinal monitoring of tumour angiogenesis can help clinicians determine the effectiveness of anti-angiogenic therapy. Blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) effect has been widely used for functional imaging and tumour oxygenation assessment. In this study, the BOLD effect is investigated under ...
Yu Yang - - 2012
An ultrasonic flow meter for small pipes is presented. For metal pipe diameter smaller than 10 mm, clamp-on ultrasonic contrapropagation flow meters may encounter difficulties if cross talk or the short acoustic path contributes to large uncertainty in transit time measurement. Axial inline flow meters can avoid these problems, but ...
Sun Qi - - 2012
Purpose: Recently, image-based computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations have been proposed to investigate the local hemodynamics inside human cerebral aneurysms. It was suggested that the knowledge of the computed three-dimensional flow fields can be used to assist clinical risk assessment and treatment decision making. Therefore, it was desired to know ...
Zenchenko T A - - 2012
We analyze the results of daily laser Doppler flowmetry monitoring of blood microcirculation parameters in 9 healthy volunteers performed in 2006-2009. Dependence of microcirculation and BP parameters on geomagnetic activity was analyzed separately in each volunteer (the influence of ambient temperature was previously excluded). Significantly increased parameters of microcirculation in ...
Liu Han-Ping - - 2012
This study aimed to assess the specificity of auricular acupoints in responding to changes of qi and blood which, in traditional Chinese medicine, are considered as the fundamental substances in the human body for sustaining normal vital activity. A miniature fiber optic system was used to invasively measure the diffuse ...
Barth David - - 2012
In today's age of advanced technology used in the diagnosis of many medical problems, the blood film stands out as an inexpensive and quick diagnostic tool that can generally be performed in most laboratories. Understanding when to perform a blood film and how it is made and having an organized ...
Lemoult Grégoire - - 2012
We present an experimental study of the transition to turbulence in a plane Poiseuille flow. Using a well-controlled perturbation, we analyze the flow by using extensive particle image velocimetry and flow visualization (using laser-induced fluorescence) measurements, and use the deformation of the mean velocity profile as a criterion to characterize ...
Schmitges Jan - - 2012
To examine the homologous blood transfusion (HBT), autologous blood transfusion (ABT) and intraoperative blood conservation technique (IOBCT) rates and trends at open (ORP) and minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP). The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried. Multivariable logistic regression models focused on all three transfusion types. Covariables consisted of procedure specific ...
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