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Peng Z Z Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, - - 2014
The research demonstrated the way to compare performances of five capillary blood collection tubes for capillary blood collections among patients with pediatrics utilizing the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) document EP9-A2. A questionnaire survey was distributed to evaluate the accessibility and reliability of capillary blood collection tubes from different ...
Zanella Fabio F Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, Cardiovascular Perfusion Unit, University of Padua, - - 2014
To conceive a method to deliver cold blood cardioplegia in neonates and young infants. The "tube-in-tube" circuit consists of a 3-mm line (bloodline) which is inserted inside a 1/2 -in tube where cold water flows continuously (waterline). This circuit includes a filling volume of 18 mL of static prime and ...
Ku A Sw AS Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Chai Wan, Hong - - 2014
Falsely elevated serum or plasma potassium level can be the result of mechanical injury to blood cells. We describe pseudohyperkalaemia caused by pneumatic tube transport of blood specimens from a patient with leukaemia. Clinicians should be aware of this possibility when interpreting the clinical significance of hyperkalaemia. In leukaemic patients, ...
Nagai Mirei M Department of Anesthesiology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Thrombogenic reactions under multiple interactions of pharmacological agents, doses, and materials have not been well understood yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability to simultaneously compare thrombogenic reactions to different combinations of anticoagulants, doses, and blood-contacting materials, in a single human blood using an in vitro ...
Fobker Manfred - - 2014
Abstract Background: People with hyperglycemia, especially those who are pregnant, depend on accurate blood glucose measurements for correct diagnosis of diabetes and monitoring. Glycolysis after blood draw, however, decreases glucose concentrations in blood that is collected at room temperature in the absence of a stabilizer. Cold temperatures (4°C) inhibit glycolysis; ...
Hashiuchi Tomohisa T Department of Orthopedics, Nishinara Central Hospital, 1-15 Tsurumainishimachi, Nara, 631-0022, Japan, - - 2014
Superior labrum anterior and posterior (SLAP) lesions due to overuse by repeated pitching motion and trauma are often noted and usually. However, shoulder disorders with a chronic course are often accompanied by SLAP lesions. SLAP lesions are frequently observed during arthroscopic surgery of the shoulder joint for rotator cuff tear ...
Lima-Oliveira Gabriel G 1 Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry, Department of Life and Reproduction Sciences, University of Verona , Verona, Italy - - 2014
Background: The preanalytical phase is considered the most vulnerable phase in biopreservation, biobanking, and laboratory diagnostics. Accurate mixing after blood collection is claimed to be important and recommended by the manufacturers. Objective: To evaluate whether it is really necessary to mix the primary blood tubes immediately after blood collection by ...
Pichler M M Clinical Unit for Herd Health Management for Ruminants, University Clinic for Ruminants, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, 1210 Vienna, - - 2014
Metabolic disorders, especially hyperketonemia, are very common in dairy sheep. The whole-blood concentrations of β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) and glucose can be determined by commercially available electronic hand-held devices, which are used in human medicine and for the detection of ketosis in dairy cows. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Kara Hasan H Hasan Kara, Selcuk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Konya, - - 2014
Objective: The frequency of hemolysis of blood samples may be increased by transport in a pneumatic tube system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of pneumatic tube system transport on hemolysis of blood samples. Methods: Blood samples were transported from the emergency department to the hospital ...
Al-Riyami A Z AZ Department of Hematology, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, - - 2013
Effect of the pneumatic tube system (PTS) on sample quality is controversial. Herein we aim at evaluating the impact of sample transportation via the PTS on complete blood count (CBC) results. Duplicate CBC samples from normal donors and anemic patients were sent in parallel to the laboratory for testing through ...
Sladkevicius Povilas P Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Skåne University Hospital Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, - - 2013
To assess if B-flow ultrasound (BF) improves visualization of flow of contrast medium in the Fallopian tubes during hystero-salpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy) compared to gray scale (GS) ultrasound. This prospective observational study includes160 women referred for HyCoSy as part of infertility work-up between January 2011 and September 2012. In each woman, ...
Lippi Giuseppe G Laboratory of Clinical Chemistry and Hematology, Academic Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Spurious hemolysis is the leading source of nonconformities that can be recorded in diagnostic samples, especially those collected in the emergency department (ED). The aim of this study was to assess whether the shift from regular to low volume blood collection tubes may reduce the rate of hemolysis in a ...
Zhang Qiyang Q Department of Chemistry, Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas, 67260, - - 2013
Integrated microfluidic systems coupled with electrophoretic separations have broad application in biologic and chemical analysis. Interfaces for the connection of various functional parts play a major role in the performance of a system. Here, we developed a rapid prototyping method to fabricate monolithic poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) interfaces for flow-gated injection, online ...
Conroy Ellen R - - 2013
Resonance tubes are commonly used in voice therapy. These devices modify supraglottal impedance, potentially decreasing the aerodynamic power necessary for phonation. We modeled phonation with resonance tubes in excised larynges and evaluated the effects of varying tube width, tube length, and flow input on phonation threshold pressure (PTP) and phonation ...
Bowen Raffick A R - - 2013
Several previous studies have described the effects of interfering substances on clinical assay results; however, the effects of exogenous substances, particularly additives from blood collection tubes on quality control (QC) specimens and serum specimens have not been well examined. This study examines the effects of blood-collection tube additives on total ...
Sone Michihiko - - 2013
To evaluate vascular activity in ears with otosclerosis by intraoperative measurement of blood flow using laser Doppler flowmetry and to compare the data with densitometry on computed tomography (CT). Retrospective case series. University hospital. Thirty-nine ears from 33 patients who underwent surgery for otosclerosis. The subjects were divided into fenestral ...
Kumagai Youichi - - 2013
Construction of a gastric tube that is well perfused with blood during esophagectomy is the most important factor in avoiding anastomotic leakage. We clarified the hemodynamics of the reconstructed gastric tube with indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence. In 20 patients undergoing gastric tube reconstruction during esophagectomy, we evaluated blood flow in ...
Gaur Rajiv L - - 2013
Interferon gamma release assays (IGRAs) are functional assays used serially to measure the efficacy of novel tuberculosis (TB) vaccines and to screen health care workers for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Yet, studies are showing non-reproducible IGRA results. In this study we investigated the effect of blood volume (0.8, 1.0, and ...
Benoit Julien - - 2013
We report the discovery of three isolated primate petrosal fragments from the fossiliferous locality of Chambi (Tunisia), a primate-bearing locality dating from the late early to the early middle Eocene. These fossils display a suite of anatomical characteristics otherwise found only in strepsirhines, and as such might be attributed either ...
Hellberg Victoria - - 2013
Objective: Cisplatin produces toxic lesions to outer hair cells in the cochlear base but not in the apex. The objective of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetic profile of cisplatin in scala tympani perilymph in the cochlear base and apex respectively. Study Design: In vivo animal study. Methods: Forty-seven ...
Zhong Rui - - 2013
This paper reports the results of an in vitro investigation into the blood response of medical grade poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC), and two types of plasticized PVC in tubing or sheet form, with di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and di(isononyl) cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (HEXAMOLL(®) DINCH) as plasticizer, were selected for assessment of complement activation, coagulation ...
Rohani Mina - - 2013
A self-driven flow was observed in Nafion and other hydrophilic tubes immersed in water. The intratubular flow was generated when water came in contact with the tube's hydrophilic surfaces. Flow characteristics were studied in tubes of varying size, exposed to light of different intensities and wavelengths. The results lead to ...
Heiligers-Duckers Connie - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: In-vitro hemolysis is a great challenge to emergency departments where blood is drawn from intravenous catheters (IVC). Although high quality samples can be obtained by straight needle venipuncture, IVC are preferred for various reasons. The aim of this study was to identify blood collection practices that reduce hemolysis while ...
Grayson Samuel - - 2013
Abstract Ear reconstruction with autologous rib cartilage is performed in stages. Restitution of blood flow between the separate stages is crucial to obtain a good result. Laser Doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI) and local temperature were measured in reconstructed and normal ears in response to indirect heating. Ten persons who had ...
Jørgensen Pelle - - 2013
Using simulation as an approach to display and improve internal logistics at hospitals has great potential. This study shows how a simulation model displaying the morning blood-taking round at a Danish public hospital can be developed and utilized with the aim of improving the logistics. The focus of the simulation ...
Lin Ting-Yu - - 2013
In this paper, the scale effects are specifically addressed by conducting experiments with air flow in different microtubes. Three stainless steel tubes of 962, 308, and 83 μm inner diameter (ID) are investigated for friction factor, and the first two are investigated for heat transfer. Viscous heating effects are studied in ...
Eckmann David M - - 2013
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of thin film hyaluronic acid and dextran surface coatings to blunt cellular activation in a laboratory model of extracorporeal blood circulation. The inner lumen surface of polyurethane (PU) and poly(vinyl) chloride (PVC) tubing was grafted with hyaluronic acid and dextran. Surfaces were ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Samples drawn through intravenous catheters are frequently hemolyzed. We planned a prospective, randomized study to establish whether hemolysis in samples drawn from intravenous catheters may be reduced using the S-Monovette® collected by manual aspiration as compared with standard vacuum tubes. Design and Methods We studied 52 consecutive patients admitted ...
Waters Jon - - 2013
Laboratory tests can be done on the cellular or fluid portions of the blood. The use of different blood collection tubes determines the portion of the blood that can be analyzed (whole blood, plasma or serum). Laboratories involved in studying the genetic basis of human disorders rely on anticoagulated whole ...
Fujii Chieko - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess specific vacuum-venipuncture skills and the influence of the time involved in skin puncture and blood collection. Thirty subjects undergoing venipuncture in which video analysis was possible were included. These procedures were carried out by four nurses and recorded with a digital camera. ...
Lippi Giuseppe G U.O. di Diagnostica Ematochimica, Dipartimento di Patologia e Medicina di Laboratorio, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, Italy. - - 2013
In vitro hemolysis can be induced by several biological and technical sources, and may be worsened by forced aspiration of blood in vacuum tubes. This study was aimed to compare the probability of hemolysis by drawing blood with a commercial evacuated blood collection tube, and S-Monovette used either in the ...
Lippi Giuseppe G Clinical Chemistry Laboratory, Academic Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy. - - 2013
Blood collection through intravenous lines frequently causes spurious hemolysis. Due to specific structure, the tube holder Holdex (Greiner Bio-One GmbH, Kremsmuenster, Austria) is supposed to prevent erythrocyte injury in samples collected from catheters, so that we planned a specific study to support this hypothesis. Blood was collected from emergency department ...
Lima-Oliveira Gabriel G Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry, Department of Life and Reproduction Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. - - 2013
Procedures involving phlebotomy are critical for obtaining diagnostic blood specimens and represent a well known and recognized problem, probably among the most important issues in laboratory medicine. The aim of this report is to show spurious hyperkalemia and hypocalcemia due to inadequate phlebotomy procedure. The diagnostic blood specimens were collected ...
Yavaş Soner S Türkiye Yüksek İhtisas Education and Research Hospital, Cardiovascular Surgery Clinic, Ankara, - - 2012
Objective: Coagulation tests are influenced by pre-analytic conditions such as blood collection systems. Change of glass collection tubes with plastic ones will cause alteration of the test results. The aim of this study was to compare three plastic blood collection tubes with a standard glass blood collection tube and each ...
Pazzagli M - - 2012
The diagnostic use of in vitro molecular assays can be limited by the lack of guidelines for collection, handling, stabilization and storage of patient specimens. One of the major goals of the EC funded project SPIDIA (www.spidia.eu) is to develop evidence-based quality guidelines for the pre-analytical phase of blood samples ...
Gros Nataša - - 2012
Abstract Background: An inappropriate anticoagulant concentration in a blood sample can cause cell shrinkage and affect the haematocrit and mean corpuscular volume (MCV). In evacuated blood-collection tubes there are two parameters affecting the quality of the product: the anticoagulant amount introduced into the tube during its production and the internal ...
Tinkler Stacy H - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether plasma total CO(2) concentrations would vary with the size of the evacuated tube used to collect blood samples. Design-Randomized crossover study. Animals-Convenience sample of 20 healthy adult horses. Procedures-Jugular venous blood was collected from horses in random order into 8 types of evacuated tubes: 2-mL glass, 2- ...
Ishiguro Toru - - 2012
Abstract We report a case of necrosis of a reconstructed gastric tube in a 77-year-old male patient who had undergone esophagectomy. At the time of admission, the patient had active gastric ulcers, but these were resolved by treatment with a proton pump inhibitor. Subtotal esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction was ...
Mina A - - 2012
Deficiency of or defects in the plasma protein von Willebrand factor (VWF) lead to bleeding and von Willebrand disease (VWD), which may be congenital or acquired. VWD is considered the most common inherited bleeding disorder and laboratory testing for VWF level and activity is critical for appropriate diagnosis and management. ...
Nollet Kenneth E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011, and subsequent tsunami took nearly 20 000 lives in Tohoku, the northeastern part of Japan's main island. Most victims were either carried away by the tsunami or drowned. The ability to collect blood was disrupted on the Pacific coast of Tohoku. ...
Hoekstra Lisette T - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the influence of prolonged pneumoperitoneum (PP) on liver function and perfusion in a clinically relevant porcine model of laparoscopic abdominal insufflation. BACKGROUND:: PP during laparoscopic surgery produces increased intra-abdominal pressure, which potentially influences hepatic function and microcirculatory perfusion. METHODS:: Six pigs (49.6 ± 5.8 kg) underwent laparoscopic ...
van der Windt Dirk J - - 2012
Currently, islet transplantation as a cell therapeutic option for type 1 diabetes occurs via islet injection into the portal vein. Direct contact between islets and blood is a pathophysiological "provocation" that results in the instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR), and is associated with early islet loss. However, the nature of ...
Seghatchian Jerard - - 2012
Massive transfusion (MT) is an empiric mode of treatment advocated for uncontrolled bleeding and massive haemorrhage, aiming at optimal resuscitation and aggressive correction of coagulopathy. Conventional guidelines recommend early administration of crystalloids and colloids in conjunction with red cells, where the red cell also plays a critical haemostatic function. Plasma ...
Nibourg Geert A A - - 2012
Bioartificial livers (BALs) are bioreactors containing liver cells that provide extracorporeal liver support to liver-failure patients. Theoretically, the plasma perfusion flow rate through a BAL is an important determinant of its functionality. Low flow rates can limit functionality due to limited substrate availability, and high flow rates can induce cell ...
Hod E A - - 2012
The potential adverse effects of transfusion of red blood cells after prolonged storage have been hotly debated. During refrigerated storage, red blood cells are damaged, a process known as the red blood cell "storage lesion." We hypothesized that the delivery of a bolus of iron derived from these rapidly cleared, ...
Van Meegeren Monique E R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Joint bleeding due to trauma, major joint surgery, or hemophilia leads to joint damage. It is unclear if there are differences between coagulating blood and anticoagulated blood with respect to joint degeneration, especially in vivo. Therefore, we evaluated in a canine in vivo model whether intra-articular blood exposure is ...
van Meegeren Monique E R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that interleukin (IL)-10 limits blood-induced cartilage damage. Our aim was to study the effect of IL-4 alone and in combination with IL-10 on blood-induced cartilage damage. DESIGN: Healthy human full thickness cartilage explants were cultured for 4 days in the presence of 50% v/v blood. ...
Poggio Claudio - - 2012
The aim of this study is to evaluate the surface roughness of four flowable resin composites following exposure to acidic and alcoholic drinks. SureFil SDR flow, TetricEvoFlow, Esthet-X Flow and Amaris Flow HT samples were immersed in artificial saliva, Coca Cola and Chivas Regal Whisky. Each specimen was examined using ...
Casanova Fernando - - 2012
Fluid flow back along the outer surface of a needle (backflow) can be a significant problem during the direct infusion of drugs into brain tissues for procedures such as convection-enhanced delivery (CED). This study evaluates the effects of needle insertion speed (0.2 and 1.8 mm/s) as well as needle diameter ...
Soni Bela - - 2012
The laminar flow in the small bronchial tubes is quite complex because of the presence of vortex-dominated, secondary flows. Factors contributing to this complexity are the unsteady nature of the inhale-exhale breathing cycle and the geometrical characteristics of the bronchial tubes. To investigate unsteady effects on flows and particle transport, ...
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