Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 649
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Galla J H - - 1991
The systemic and renal adaptations for the maintenance and correction of metabolic alkalosis generated by chloride depletion (CDA) are the focus of this review. The hypothesis that extracellular fluid (ECF) volume expansion is essential for the correction of CDA is refuted, while the concept that Cl- repletion is necessary and ...
Abraham J S - - 1991
Cyclosporine causes intrarenal vasoconstriction, which may account for its nephrotoxic effects. In this study we investigated the role of endogenous prostaglandins and angiotensin II in cyclosporine-induced intrarenal vasoconstriction. Split hydronephrotic kidneys in decerebrate rats (n = 16) were suspended in an environmentally controlled tissue bath. Interlobular, afferent, and efferent arteriolar ...
Trop M - - 1991
The role of haemolysis of blood in the alterations in the uptake of [99mTc]SC ([99mTc]-sulphur colloid) in vivo in the rat has been examined. When the haemolysed blood (produced by first freezing the blood in liquid nitrogen) was infused into synergenic Lewis rats via the tail vein, there was a ...
Lewis W E WE - - 1991
Renal blood flow was studied in Yorkshire pigs with surgically created unilateral vesicoureteral reflux using radionuclide labeled microspheres. The contralateral, nonrefluxing kidney served as a within-subject control and a group of nonoperated pigs without reflux served as an additional control group. Unilateral reflux did not change the distribution of whole ...
Stromski M E ME Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts - - 1991
Missing pulse steady state free precession (MP-SSFP), an extension of steady state free precession (SSFP), was evaluated for its ability to measure slow fluid flows. In experiments using flow phantoms, the MP-SSFP signal was sensitive to fluid velocities in the millimeters per second range. Isolated perfused rabbit kidneys were then ...
Sjöquist M - - 1991
For the juxtamedullary nephrons only the loop of Henle is easily accessible for micropuncture. We have shown that the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) mechanism is highly activated in these nephrons. Techniques have been developed for measurements on these nephrons without disrupting the normal flow to the macula densa. The tubular flow ...
Jamal Z M - - 1991
After exposure of growing chicks to different concentrations of dietary chromium (Cr) as potassium chromate (K2CrO4) for a period of 3 w, the Cr uptake by different internal organs was determined. More Cr was accumulated in the kidney, liver, pancreas and spleen than in the blood, muscle, heart and lung. ...
Persson B E - - 1991
Fresh-water animals excrete large volumes of dilute urine. The pronounced dilution of the tubular fluid starts in the early distal tubule. In this paper the reabsorptive capacity of the diluting segment is discussed, with special attention to the maximal salt concentration of the reabsorbed fluid. Earlier studies have shown a ...
Smidt C R - - 1991
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) functions as a cofactor for prokaryotic oxidoreductases, such as methanol dehydrogenase and membrane-bound glucose dehydrogenase. In animals fed chemically defined diets, PQQ improves reproductive outcome and neonatal growth. Consequently, the present study was undertaken to determine the extent to which PQQ is absorbed by the intestine, its ...
Gulbins E - - 1991
The effects of leukotriene D4 (LTD4) and leukotriene E4 (LTE4) on renal microcirculation were determined on normal and hydronephrotic female Wistar rats. In normal kidneys, the effects of LTD4 on total renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate were measured by a flow meter and by inulin clearance. In the ...
Laitinen L - - 1991
The localization of cellular forms of fibronectin (cFn) was studied in fetal and adult kidneys. We used monoclonal antibodies reacting with the extradomains A and B in cFN (EDAcFn, EDBcFn) as well as with a differentially glycosylated fetal form of the protein (Onc-cFn). In adult human kidney EDAcFn was present ...
Redegeld F A - - 1991
The influence of variation of perfusion flow rate on the renal clearance of p-aminohippuric acid and 1-naphthol was studied with an isolated perfused rat kidney preparation. Kidney functions were well maintained at low perfusion flow rates by the use of a fluorocarbon emulsion to increase the oxygen capacity of the ...
Nordenström B E - - 1991
The body consists of systems of conductive pathways for ionic flow of current induced by metabolic or injury potentials among tissues and cells. In vivo electrophoresis in biologically closed electric circuits (BCEC) are coupled to the mechanical transports of blood and lymph. Connections also exist with conductive media such as ...
Ercan M T - - 1991
Vitamin K4 was labelled with 99mTc with an efficiency higher than 97%. The compound was stable up to 24 h at room temperature, and its biodistribution in NMRI mice indicated its in vivo stability. Blood radioactivity levels were high over a wide range. 10% of the injected activity remained in ...
Kreimeier U - - 1991
In a standardized porcine model of acute, hyperdynamic endotoxemia the distribution of intraorgan blood flow within heart, kidney and brain was analyzed. Twelve pigs received either short-term (23 min) or long-term (205 min) continuous intravenous infusion of endotoxin (Salmonella abortus equi). A high cardiac output/low peripheral resistance state was maintained ...
Kemp E - - 1991
A simple perfusion model was developed to study the events that lead to rejection of renal xenografts. Flush perfusion of the kidneys of 24 rabbits was carried out with blood from rabbits, cats, or humans. Light microscopy showed alterations with neutrophilic granulocytes margination of the vessels after only 15 min ...
Lietzenmayer R - - 1991
Larger NMR magnets with relatively high field strengths have become available recently, allowing the application of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in larger mammalian organs. The aim of this study was to develop and test a new and simple kidney perfusion model from slaughterhouse swine using a new 4.7-tesla/40-cm diameter system, ...
Monteil J F - - 1991
In trematode-infected Lymnaea truncatula, as in other lymnaeids, hemocytes are formed in the connective tissue. Mitoses are found singly in blood vessels or connective tissue or occur in hemocyte nodules, developing along the mantle epithelium or associated with blood sinuses. The so-called hemocyte-producing organ in L. truncatula is not equivalent ...
Holgersson J - - 1990
Kidney, ureter, kidney artery, and kidney vein tissue were obtained from a single human transplant specimen. The donors erythrocyte blood group phenotype was A1Le(a-b+). Total non-acid glycolipid fractions were isolated and individual glycolipid components were identified by immunostaining thin layer plates with a panel of monoclonal antibodies and by mass ...
Barbieri L - - 1990
1. The blood clearance, organ distribution and tissue concentration of several native, homopolymerized, and IgG-conjugated 125I-labelled ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) were determined in mice. 2. Native RIPs were cleared rapidly from blood, with half-lives of 4-8 min, and were concentrated mainly in the kidneys. 3. After conjugation to IgG the three ...
Chaturvedi A K - - 1990
A fatality resulting from the self-administration of fentanyl is described. The decreased was a health care professional with a known history of drug abuse. At the scene, a syringe partly filled with red fluid was found. Pathological findings disclosed pulmonary congestion, hemorrhage, and aspiration of gastric contents and passive congestion ...
Zaerr J - - 1990
A dynamic phantom system for use in evaluating hyperthermia heating equipment has been designed, constructed, and tested. It consists of four in vitro preserved canine kidneys perfused with an 80% ethanol preparation by a single pump, plus four computer-controlled valves and four flow meters. The flow rate to each kidney ...
Yang M C - - 1990
The cardiovascular effects of dehydroevodiamine, an alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa Jussieu, were studied in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. The in vivo experiments revealed that i.v. administration of dehydroevodiamine elicited a slight but significant reduction in blood pressure and a marked decrease in heart rate which was ...
Yokota S D - - 1990
Continuous measurements of the instantaneous rate of blood flow to individual glomeruli in a normal vertebrate kidney were made in the garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis. Epifluorescence video microscopy was used to visualize and record blood flow in the afferent arterioles of superficial nephrons. The dual-slit method was used for the ...
Yagil Y - - 1990
Acute cyclosporin A (CysA) nephrotoxicity has been attributed to intrarenal vasoconstriction. It has been previously demonstrated that CysA decreases whole kidney and cortical blood flow. The effect of CysA on medullary blood flow has not been adequately studied, despite the high susceptibility of structures in the renal medulla to ischemia ...
Steinhausen M - - 1990
The technique of the split hydronephrotic kidney of anesthetized Wistar rats was used for the first time to study afferent and efferent arterioles of juxtamedullary (JM) glomeruli in vivo and to compare their behavior with that of the cortical glomeruli in female (F, 270 g body wt) and male (M, ...
Hedrick R P - - 1990
Sphaerospores were found in the kidneys of alevin channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) from a farm in Central California. Multicellular developmental stages, similar to C-blood protozoans described for Sphaerospora spp. from cyprinid fishes, were observed in circulating blood and numerous tissues. Upon a 2nd examination of the same population of fish ...
Friedman P A - - 1990
Single tubules, dissected from the peritubular sheath of the dorsal bundle zone of kidney of the dogfish shark, Squalus acanthias, were perfused in vitro at 17-18 degrees C. This segment is the largest of the five in the peritubular sheath and had average inner and outer diameters of 46.9 +/- ...
Maktabi M A - - 1990
The choroid plexus contains receptors for angiotensin II and a very high concentration of angiotensin-converting enzyme. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that angiotensin II decreases blood flow to the choroid plexus. In rabbits anesthetized with chloralose, blood flow (microspheres) to the choroid plexus was 438 ...
Gross W - - 1990
The measurement of regional blood flow (RBF) by means of the radioactive microsphere method yields large sets of raw data. In order to display this large volume of data, we have developed a program which provides the user with a graphical illustration of RBF in different organs (e.g., heart, kidney, ...
Yokota S D - - 1990
A new ophidian kidney preparation is described which allows the measurement of glomerular arteriolar diameters, glomerular blood flow, and glomerular capillary pressure in real time. Intravital epifluorescence video microscopy is utilized to observe and record blood flow in the renal microcirculation in the garter snake, Thamnophis sirtalis. Carotid, renal artery ...
Waddell W J - - 1990
The distribution of [2,3-14C]acrylamide was studied in fingerling rainbow trout by whole-body autoradiography. Fish weighing approximately 7 g were injected ip with 3.2 mg/kg [14C]acrylamide (0.1 microCi/g). One group of fish was kept in a fresh flowing water tank and frozen in dry ice/hexane 22 hr after injection; another group ...
Terris J M - - 1990
1. The stop-flow method in the pig, with modified kidneys, produced patterns for sodium, chloride, glucose and PAH that were similar to those obtained previously in other animals with simple kidneys. 2. Ethacrynic acid, under the conditions of the experiment, abolished distal sodium and chloride reabsorption in the pig. 3. ...
Morita S - - 1990
A horseshoe kidney was incidentally diagnosed while performing an abdominal scan using autologous human red blood cells labeled with Tc-99m (Tc-99m RBC) on a patient with suspected gastrointestinal bleeding. This patient repeatedly tested positive on occult blood stool examinations. In the first scintigram, an increase in well-defined activity was found ...
Mullani N A - - 1990
A feasibility study has been carried out to evaluate rubidium-82, a potassium analog and generator-produced positron emitter, for measuring renal blood flow using a first pass model. Seven acute dogs were studied with beta probes and positron emission tomography to understand the dynamics of rubidium-82 in the kidneys. Preliminary results ...
Widimsky J J - - 1990
The disappearance of [125I]atrial natriuretic factor (ANF; Ser99-Tyr126) from the circulation and its tissue distribution with or without nonlabeled ANF pretreatment were investigated in normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats. Preadministration of the cold peptide increased plasma radioactivity levels for over 8 min following labeled ANF injection but did not change the half-life ...
Yoshida M - - 1990
The effects of nifedipine, a calcium antagonist, on blood pressure and renal regional blood flow were investigated in two-kidney, one-clip renovascular hypertensive rabbits. At 1 week after left renal artery constriction, in the constricted group, systemic blood pressure (BP) significantly rose with the elevation of plasma renin activity (PRA). In ...
Verdun C - - 1990
The body distribution of i.v. doxorubicin depends mainly on the physicochemical characteristics of the molecule. However, entrapment of that cytostatic drug inside polyalkylcyanoacrylate nanoparticles has been shown to modify its distribution profoundly in the mouse. Polysiohexylcyanoacrylate nanoparticles loaded with [14C]-doxorubicin were studied in comparison with free drug, with emphasis on ...
Davies D G - - 1989
Hypoxia causes a reflex redistribution of regional blood flow in mammals that maintains delivery of oxygen to vital organs such as the brain during periods of decreased oxygen availability. The present study was performed to test if this response is developed in lower vertebrates. Regional organ blood flow and arterial ...
Miyake S - - 1989
After the use of two radionuclides in the tracer microspheres technique in the rat was verified, we examined the central and peripheral hemodynamic effects of RS-1893, an orally active cardiotonic agent. An intravenous infusion of RS-1893 at a dose of 3 micrograms/kg/min gradually decreased blood pressure and increased heart rate ...
Kuroda T - - 1989
A 55-year-old man with normotensive primary aldosteronism, hypopituitarism, epilepsy, and medullary sponge kidney is reported. Seventeen years before admission, he had been noted to have hypokalemia associated with high potassium clearance, suppressed plasma renin activity, metabolic alkalosis, and normal blood pressure as well as low urinary excretion of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids. He ...
Ueda Y - - 1989
The preservation effects of UW solution on renal hemodynamics and microvascular systems were studied in canine kidney autografts. In 72-hr UW-preserved kidneys, the microvessels of both cortex and medulla were completely visualized with silicon rubber compound 1 hr after reperfusion. Histology also showed extremely well-preserved arterioglomerular and tubular systems. These ...
Greene E R - - 1989
Renal blood flow in normal adults increases after protein ingestion. The mechanisms that create this hyperperfusion are unclear. A neurogenic factor in humans has not been definitively ruled out. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that a high-protein meal significantly increases renal blood flow to the denervated human kidney. We studied ...
Connor J T - - 1989
Approximately 50 years after the Scottish chemist Thomas Graham described the process of selective diffusion in solutions (dialysis) in 1861, a Johns Hopkins University team led by John J. Abel purified animal blood using celloidin membranes. Termed "vividiffusion" by Abel, these limited but successful experiments were abandoned in 1914. The ...
Gilbert R O - - 1989
In this paper, estimates are obtained of the fraction of ingested 239+240Pu, 238Pu, 241Am and 137Cs transferred to blood, muscle, liver, kidney, femur, vertebra, and gonads of a reproducing herd of 17 beef cattle, individuals of which grazed within fenced enclosures for up to 1064 days under natural conditions with ...
Cosio F G - - 1989
Decay accelerating factor (DAF) is a cell membrane associated glycoprotein that inhibits C3 activation. In the present study we evaluated the presence of DAF in normal (N = 15) and diseased human kidneys (N = 76). Sections of frozen tissue were stained for DAF by immunoperoxidase, utilizing three mouse monoclonal ...
Senda M - - 1989
The change in distribution of cardiac output in septic shock was examined by radionuclide imaging with thallium 201 thallous chloride (201Tl) which allows noninvasive evaluation of relative blood flow to various organs except for the brain. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (1 X 10(9)-2 X 10(10) organisms) were inoculated into the thigh of ...
Warui C N - - 1989
Kidney volume and the volume proportions of the cortex, medulla, blood vessels larger than capillaries and ureter and ureteral ducts were investigated in 61 birds from 14 species representing passeriformes, psittaciformes, podicipediformes, anseriformes, galliformes, and columbiformes. The kidneys were fixed in situ by perfusion via their arterial supply. Kidney volume ...
Tsai H Y - - 1989
Vandellia cordifolia (COLSM) G. DON of Scrophulariaceae (V. cordifolia) is an annual wild herb indigenous to Taiwan. It can be found in plains, low altitudes, swampy places, and paddy fields. Taiwanese folk physicians use it in "nephritis, uremia, furnucle, carbuncle." The LD50 (95% confidence limit) of the crude extract of ...
Frøkiaer J - - 1989
Twenty-two pigs with normal kidney function and upper urinary tracts were examined with renoscintigraphies once a week for 4 weeks. In order to study the influence of urine flow on the reproducibility, renoscintigraphies were undertaken during various urinary flow rates. Renal split function was reproducible at any level of and ...
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