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Results 201 - 250 of 641
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Takami A - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the kinetics and image quality of positron-emitting 38K (half-life, 7.6 min) and high-resolution small-animal PET in the heart, kidney, and brain of rabbits. METHODS: Studies were performed with 18 closed-chest anesthetized rabbits at baseline and during infusions of adenosine (0.2 mg/kg/min) and ...
Anger F - - 2000
A 39-year-old man committed suicide by ingestion of aluminum phosphide, a potent mole pesticide, which was available at the victim's workplace. The judicial authority ordered an autopsy, which ruled out any other cause of death. The victim was discovered 10 days after the ingestion of the pesticide. When aluminum phosphide ...
Goethals P - - 2000
The feasibility of imaging renal function with 55Co-ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and dynamic positron emission tomography was investigated. A group of normal Wistar rats was injected intravenously with 55Co-EDTA and underwent dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in order to study the biodistribution. The time-activity curves of the heart ...
Zhao Q - - 1999
The effects of dextranation on the biodistribution of mouse epidermal growth factor (mEGF, 6 kDa) were assessed. By reductive amination, mEGF was coupled to 13 and 46 kDa dextran. The two dextranated conjugates and free mEGF were labeled with the positron-emitting nuclide (76)Br (T(1/2) = 16 h). After intravenous administration ...
Thomson S C - - 1999
Tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) stabilizes nephron function by causing changes in single-nephron GFR (SNGFR) to compensate for changes in late proximal flow (VLP). TGF responds within seconds and reacts over a narrow range of VLP that surrounds normal VLP. To accommodate sustained increases in VLP, TGF must reset around the new ...
Wen J G - - 1999
PURPOSE: We studied dynamic changes in total volume and renal vein blood flow in the kidneys contralateral to partial ureteral obstruction induced in newborn rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using magnetic resonance imaging we investigated changes in total kidney volume and renal vein blood flow in 20 rats with mild and ...
Guo J - - 1999
141 cases of functional impotence of the kidney-deficiency type were treated by tonifying the kidney. On them, 103 cases at the same time were treated by improving blood circulation and the other 38 cases by the former only. As a result the total effective rate and the markedly effective rate ...
Hassan M - - 1999
The in vivo distribution of glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36) amide (GLP-1) was studied in a rat model using radiolabeled GLP-1 (131I-GLP-1) depicted by a gamma-camera. The dynamic scan showed a rapid clearance from the blood circulation after an intravenous (i.v.) injection of 131I-GLP-1. After 10 min, the major part of the ...
Nguyen H T - - 1998
PURPOSE: Complete and partial ureteral obstruction decreases ipsilateral renal blood flow in neonatal and adult animals. However, the effects of obstruction that develops during gestation may be different from those in neonatal or adult animals. We determine whether complete or partial ureteral obstruction decreases ipsilateral renal blood flow in fetal ...
Vodenicharov A - - 1998
The cortical blood vessels from 2 to 8 month old Camborow hybrid pigs and Belgium landrace pigs were studied using histologic and semithin sections as well as corrosion casts and cleared preparations of intravascular injection. It was established that the cortical blood vessels of the porcine kidney possess peculiarities that ...
Ledderhos C - - 1998
1. There have been no previously published data regarding intrarenal blood flow distribution in acute whole-body hypoxic hypoxia and/or arterial chemoreceptor stimulation in normoxic mammals. 2. Cortical and medullary blood flows were measured simultaneously before and in response to pharmacological stimulation of peripheral arterial chemoreceptors by i.v. injection of almitrine ...
Cruzado J M - - 1998
In pig to human discordant xenotransplantation, PAF may contribute to the pathogenesis of hyperacute xenograft rejection (HXR). We examined the release of PAF and the effect of a PAF receptor antagonist (BN 52021) on HXR in a pig kidney-human blood xenoperfusion model. Pig kidneys were perfused with porcine blood (AUTO ...
Fiane A E - - 1998
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) (Octagam), was used to determine the effect on hyperacute rejection in an ex vivo xenograft model. Six pig kidneys were perfused with IVIG and fresh human AB blood, and six control pig kidneys were simultaneously perfused with albumin and blood from the same donation. The survival of ...
Romano G - - 1998
To establish whether furosemide (F) acts on the proximal tubule beside the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop, we reviewed the data from 55 rats studied before and during the i.v. infusion of 10 mg kg-1 of furosemide. These animals were the object of previously published studies. SNGFR was 42.6+/-1.1 ...
Cok I - - 1998
Expression of five constitutive forms of cytochrome P450 [(LMC1 (CYP2M1), LMC2 (CYP2K1), LMC3, LMC4, and LMC5 (CYP3A27)] in selected tissues from sexually immature 2-year old female and male rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were examined at the translational level by Western blot using polyclonal antibodies raised in rabbits against those purified ...
Naef M - - 1998
Cyclosporine A (CyA)-induced nephrotoxicity is a well-known complication of this potent immunosuppressive drug. It is caused by an elevation in renovascular resistance and impairment of renal blood flow. Currently, one of the principal experimental settings to assess renal hemodynamics has been using the in vivo fluorescent videomicroscopy (IVFV) method on ...
Xu Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Natural antibodies (NAbs) against a terminal alpha1-3 galactosyl (alphaGal) epitope have been identified as the major human anti-pig NAbs. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used two synthetic alphaGal trisaccharides--type 6 (alphaGal6) and type 2(alphaGal2)--linked to an inert matrix to remove NAbs from human plasma in vitro. Flow cytometry indicated that ...
Wang W K - - 1998
Pulse analysis method was used in studying the traditional Chinese formula Liu-Wei-Dihuang as well as five of its main components (Rehmannia glutinosa, Cornus officinalis, Paeonia Suffruticosa, Poria cocos and Alisma plantogo-aquatica var oriental). Based on our recently developed resonance theory, we tried to elucidate the mechanism and mutual reactions of ...
Holz P - - 1997
The anatomy of the renal portal system of the red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) is described, based on dissection of six double latex-injected specimens (three males, three females). The anatomy of these vessels, which had not previously been described in this species, was found not to differ significantly from the ...
Katagiri H - - 1997
Dogs were exposed to 1% (v/v) (10,000 ppm) vapor of 1,1,1-Trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCE) by inhalation for 3 min repeated four times at 4 hr intervals under continuous anesthesia. Changes in the 1,1,1-TCE concentration in blood with time, as well as distribution of 1,1,1-TCE in the organs and tissues (lungs, liver, kidneys, ...
Jiang W - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To verify from the aspects of immune senescence and free radical metabolism that "removing blood stasis as well as tonifying kidney is an ideal way to delay aging" and further investigate the anti-aging mechanism of this therapy. METHODS: In the first period, the old mice were separately fed with ...
Fahy G M - - 1997
The objective of the present study was to determine whether rabbit kidneys could be perfused with a 7.5 M vitrification solution (VS4, which vitrifies under applied pressure) without loss of function. To answer this question, kidneys were perfused with VS4 using a computer-based machine to gradually raise and lower concentration ...
Leyssac P P - - 1997
The effect of physiological concentrations of angiotensin II on proximal tubular fluid reabsorption remains controversial. To investigate the effect of blockade of intratubular AT1 receptors on tubular reabsorption, losartan (10(-5) M) was administered by microperfusion into an early proximal convolution of halothane-anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats. Four parameters that depend on the ...
Sezai A - - 1997
We examined left ventricular assist during 6 h for an acute myocardial infarction model in pigs. The outflow cannula was placed in the ascending aorta and an inflow cannula in the left atrium. A pump (Pulsatile group: Zeon Medical and Nonpulsatile group: Nikkiso HPM-15) was connected to each cannula. Items ...
Cole T C TC - - 1997
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors investigate, in a controlled pig model, the usefulness of Doppler sonographic measurements of resistive index (RI), maximum velocity (Vmax), and mean velocity (Vmean) in diagnostic evaluation of the partially obstructed kidney. METHODS: Seven female pigs underwent surgical partial unilateral renal obstruction at the ureteropelvic junction. ...
Malinovsky L - - 1997
By means of immunohistochemical reactions, the authors proved the inhibitor II-related immunoreactivity in distal convoluted tubules of human kidney. A sharp inhibitor II-related immunoreactivity was also present in the blood vessels' wall. On the contrary, in the wall of proximal tubules and glomeruli only low reactivity was found. The demonstration ...
Davankov V A - - 1997
The replacement of conventional hemodialysis treatment for a patient with malfunctioning kidneys by providing him/her with a portable and disposable "artificial kidney" which is connected to implanted artery and veneous cannulas on a patient's wrist is discussed. During a continuous flow of blood, plasma diffuses through a plasmapheretic membrane, passes ...
Singal R K - - 1997
The development of a reliable, minimally invasive method of distinguishing physiologically significant renal obstruction from dilation without obstruction would have important clinical implications. As it is well known that renal blood flow decreases over time in the presence of obstruction, we investigated the ability of color flow Doppler ultrasonography and ...
Storck M - - 1997
Discordant xenotransplantation of pig kidneys into man may be possible in the future using transgenic organs which regulate complement activity. It was the aim of this experimental study to characterize morphologic alterations of organs transgenic for human decay accelerating factor (hDAF/CD55) perfused with human blood since no data on function ...
Rivers B J - - 1997
The resistive index (RI), an ultrasonographic method of evaluating intrarenal resistance to blood flow, may be used to aid in diagnosis of renal failure. Values for arcuate artery RI, expressed as mean +/- two standard deviations, were obtained in clinically normal female dogs sedated with atropine, acepromazine maleate, diazepam, and ...
Shafik A - - 1997
As an alternative to kidney transplantation in conditions of renal failure, an in situ kidney of a healthy individual may be used. The present study utilizes the kidney of a healthy rabbit as a hemoperfusion unit for another, uremic, animal. The study comprised 17 experimental models, each of which consisted ...
Taglialatela R - - 1997
Erythropoietin (EPO) stimulates differentiation of erythrocytes and biosynthesis of haemoglobin in mammals. It has not been confirmed that EPO is effective in other vertebrates, so we attempted to verify the effectiveness of human-urinary and recombinant EPO on erythropoiesis of the goldfish Carassius auratus. The results indicate that both types of ...
Larionova N I - - 1996
The modification of Bowman-Birk soybean protease inhibitor (BBI) with the monoaldehyde derivative of block copolymer of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide (PE), M(r) 2,000 is described. The conjugate contains five covalently bound polymer chains per protein molecule, and retains the ability to inhibit trypsin and chymotrypsin-like proteinases. The distribution of ...
Koch T - - 1996
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the oxygen radical scavenger N-acetylcysteine (N-AC) impairs bacterial clearance, thus predisposing the host to increased risk of disease. Blood clearance of Escherichia coli and organ colonization were investigated in anaesthetized rabbits after pretreatment with N-AC (250 mg kg-1 body weight, n ...
Willis L R - - 1996
PURPOSE: This study examined the acute time course of effects of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) on renal hemodynamics in anesthetized minipigs with and without pretreatment with verapamil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied ESWL (2000 shocks, 24 kV, unmodified Dornier HM3), to the right kidneys of isoflurane-anesthetized female pigs. Urine ...
Breimer M E - - 1996
A pig kidney perfusion model aimed for use in immunological and physiological xenotransplantation research has been developed. Organ viability was characterised by clearance studies, functional response to hormones/diureticum and by light microscopical examination. The pig kidney was perfused in a specially designed plexiglass chamber, using a roller pump and a ...
Lindström K - - 1996
Total neutral glycolipid fractions were isolated from kidney and ureter tissue obtained at autopsy of an individual of the rare blood group A1 Le(a-b+) p. The amount of glycolipids isolated were 3.7 and 2.5 mg g-1 dry tissue weight for the kidney and ureter tissue, which is in the range ...
Thomson S C - - 1996
As single-nephron glomerular filtration rate (SNGFR) and late proximal flow (VLP) increase during growth or following volume expansion, the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) function (defined as the decrement in SNGFR due to the process of TGF) shifts rightward in the plane defined by VLP and SNGFR as required to maintain the ...
Yip K P - - 1996
Renal autoregulation of blood flow depends on the functions of the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) system and the myogenic response of the afferent arteriole. Studies of the dynamic aspects of these control mechanisms at the level of both the single nephron and the whole kidney have revealed a variety of non-linear ...
Ohno S - - 1996
Morphological studies using immersion or perfusion fixation methods do not reveal the ultrastructure of functioning kidneys with normal circulation. A simple apparatus was developed for freezing the kidneys in vivo without stopping the blood supply, and the ultrastructure of the glomerular capillary loops was examined under different haemodynamic conditions. Mouse ...
Field C M - - 1996
Visual assessment of renal blood flow from renography is usually achieved by comparing the count rate from the kidney with that of the spleen during the first pass of the radiopharmaceutical agent. This is not justifiable if splenic blood flow is abnormal. In nine subjects without evidence of renal or ...
Dejong C H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: During liver failure, urea synthesis capacity is impaired. In this situation the most important alternative pathway for ammonia detoxification is the formation of glutamine from ammonia and glutamate. Information is lacking about the quantitative and qualitative role of kidney and brain in ammonia detoxification during liver failure. METHODS: This ...
Romano G - - 1996
To differentiate intraluminal from peritubular factors in mediating the glomerulotubular balance, single nephron filtration rate (SNGFR) and reabsorption were measured by total collection from the last proximal segment before, and during, externally applied mechanical compression of an early proximal convolution of ninety-three rat nephrons. SNGFR fell from 55.6 +/- 2.3 ...
Kairemo K J - - 1996
Twelve nephrectomies (NEs) were performed in 12 pigs (11-17 kg). Total NE was performed on the left side and partial NE on the right side (lower third of the kidney), thus two-thirds of the total kidney volume was removed. Renal function was studied with 99mTc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) renography and serum ...
Rivers B J - - 1996
Renal failure is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in feline patients. In human patients, intrarenal blood flow values obtained with duplex Doppler ultrasonography have been used to aid in the diagnosis and prognosis of renal failure. The purpose of this report is to present values for resistance to ...
Vallon V - - 1995
Nephron filtration rate (SNGFR) and proximal tubular reabsorption are coordinated by the processes of tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) and glomerulotubular balance (GTB). We examined the role of nitric oxide (NO) in TGF and GTB, by delivering the NO synthase inhibitor, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) into late proximal nephrons by micropuncture in Inactin-anesthetized euvolemic ...
Rao P V - - 1995
BACKGROUND: It is proposed that retrograde abdominal perfusion be used in combination with retrograde cerebral perfusion to provide total body visceral protection during aortic reconstruction; however, its physiologic effects remain unknown. METHODS: We compared the effect of superior vena caval perfusion alone with that of combined superior and inferior vena ...
Baines A D - - 1995
We compared the ability of human red blood cells (RBC) and a cell-free oxygen carrier to maintain isolated perfused kidney function under moderately hypoxic conditions. Recirculating perfusate was gassed initially with 93% air-7% CO2, and, after 30 min, the gas was changed to 12 O2-7 CO2-81% N2. Oxygen content of ...
Willinger C C - - 1995
Since it became evident that organ dysfunctions after acute hemolysis are not induced by hemoglobin per se, but by stroma-contaminated hemoglobin, solutions of ultrapure stroma-free hemoglobins were regarded to be possible substitutes for blood in transfusion medicine. We tested one of the recently developed modified bovine hemoglobins (Ultrapure polymerized bovine ...
Manohar M - - 1995
Using radionuclide-labeled 15-microm-diameter microspheres injected into the left ventricle, we examined blood flow to the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, kidneys, and various gastrointestinal tract tissues in 9 healthy horses while they were standing quietly (rest) and during exercise at 2 work intensities (8 and 1 m/s). Hemodynamic measurements were made ...
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