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Paenpong Chaturong - - 2013
Fast pyrolysis of cassava rhizome was performed in a bench-scale fluidised-bed reactor unit incorporated with a cross-flow moving-bed granular filter. The objective of this research was to examine several process parameters including the granular size (425-1160μm) and mass flow rate (0-12g/min) as well as the number of the filtration stages ...
Birkenmeier G G Institut für Plasmaforschung, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany and Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching, - - 2013
The regulation of turbulent transport by zonal flows is studied experimentally on a flux surface of the stellarator experiment TJ-K. Data of 128 Langmuir probes at different toroidal and poloidal positions on a single flux surface enable us to measure simultaneously the zonal flow activity and the turbulent transport in ...
Woo Youngjun - - 2013
We have developed hydrodynamic filtration method in microfluidic device for the efficient size-selection of polydisperse lipid vesicles for giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs), in which vesicles were formed by electroformation method. Combining pinched flow channel design before hydrodynamic filtration, GUVs were flowed and guided to filtration channels, in which small lipid ...
Nagura Yutaka - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effectiveness of pre-storage leukocyte filtration of autologous blood (AB), especially focusing on the cytokines/chemokines accumulation on blood products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After approval of the ethics committee of the University of Tokyo, a total of 26 orthopedic patients, who donated AB ...
Dollard Sheila C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is likely transmitted through blood transfusion in high-prevalence areas. The efficacy of leukoreduction filtration for reducing HHV-8 in blood has not been reported. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Blood was drawn from 45 human immunodeficiency virus-positive men either with Kaposi's sarcoma (KS; n = 21) or without KS ...
Ravnik Miha - - 2013
We use numerical modeling to study the flow patterns of an active nematic confined in a cylindrical capillary, considering both planar and homeotropic boundary conditions. We find that active flow emerges not only along the capillary axis but also within the plane of the capillary, where radial vortices are formed. ...
Kim Jeong Chul - - 2013
Background/Aims: Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is commonly used for critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. During treatment, a slow dialysate flow rate can be applied to enhance diffusive solute removal. However, due to the lack of the rationale of the dialysate flow configuration (countercurrent or concurrent to blood ...
Gheissari Alaleh A Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Isfahan Kidney Diseases Research Center, Isfahan Child Growth and Development Research Center, Isfahan, - - 2013
Renal maldevelopment, interstitial fibrosis, ischemic atrophy, decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and renal blood flow (RBF) are inevitable consequences of chronic kidney obstruction that only partially improve after early intervention. There are only few studies that evaluated urine osmolality in affected kidney and its correlation with short-term outcome. Thirty patients ...
Yamashita Akihiro C - - 2013
When hemodiafiltration (HDF) is performed, we can choose the point on the blood circuit where the substitution fluid goes in, i.e. before the diafilter (predilution) or after the diafilter (postdilution). We must avoid unexpected loss of albumin; however, we should remove a certain amount of albumin in order to remove ...
Tang Jiali J Department of Anesthesiology and Translational Neuroscience Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37 Wainan Guoxuexiang, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, - - 2013
Filtration during extracorporeal circulation (ECC) not only removes but also activates leukocytes; therefore, long-term leukocyte filtration may cause adverse effects. In the present study, we tested this hypothesis by priming ECC with 300 mL of canine blood and examining filtration effects in 3 groups (n = 6 each) during 60 min ECC. ...
Katayama M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Application of a multisample method using inulin to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in cats is cumbersome. OBJECTIVES: To establish a simplified procedure to estimate GFR in cats, a single-blood-sample method using inulin was compared with a conventional 3-sample method. ANIMALS: Nine cats including 6 clinically healthy cats and ...
Yuan-Qing Xu - - 2012
To study the behaviour of a haemocyte when crossing a stenotic capillary, the immersed boundary-lattice Boltzmann method was used to establish a quantitative analysis model. The haemocyte was assumed to be spherical and to have an elastic cell membrane, which can be driven by blood flow to adopt a highly ...
Jensen Mads Radmer - - 2013
Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is a frequent and debilitating complication of breast cancer treatment. The pathophysiology is complex and remains poorly understood; however, data suggest that changes in the peripheral circulation may contribute to edema formation. In 13 volunteers with unilateral BCRL, the following aspects of upper extremity peripheral circulation ...
Amar Karim Ould - - 2012
BACKGROUND: With the implementation of universal leucoreduction of blood components in several industrialised countries, the problems associated with leucocyte filtration of sickle cell trait blood have been reconsidered. In this study, we assessed the use of high performance filters for leucoreduction of packed red blood cells donated from subjects with ...
Lanotte Luca - - 2012
We report on the design of microchannels made of glass capillary coated with polymer brushes elaborated by the so-called ``grafting-from'' technique. We present measurements of velocity profiles for pressure driven flows of water in such ``hairy'' capillaries. We show that the flow reduction induced by the presence of the brush ...
Nof Doron - - 2012
  Nof and Paldor (Safety Sci 2010;48:607-14) suggested that resonance in the air pockets in the Indian Spring cavern might have contributed to the 1991 collapse. Here, we extend the resonance theory to one pocket in the cavern and a very broad basin that serves as the other branch of ...
Chen Jia-Kun - - 2012
The effects of draft on the flow and spillage characteristics of wall-mounted and jet-isolated range hoods were investigated. A specially designed draft generator that could supply low-swirl air current was used to provide "cross draft" from three directions, lateral (θ = 0(o)), oblique (θ = 45(o)), and front (θ = ...
Siirala Waltteri - - 2012
The aim of this validation study was to assess the reliability of gas exchange measurement with indirect calorimetry among subjects who undergo non-invasive ventilation (NIV). Oxygen consumption (VO2) and carbon dioxide production (VCO2) were measured in twelve healthy volunteers. Respiratory quotient (RQ) and resting energy expenditure (REE) were then calculated ...
Sudarsan Rangarajan - - 2011
Beekeepers universally agree that ensuring sufficient ventilation is vital for sustaining a thriving, healthy honeybee colony. Despite this fact, surprisingly little is known about the ventilation and flow patterns in bee hives. We take a first step towards developing a model-based approach that uses computational fluid dynamics to simulate natural ...
Emmerechts J - - 2011
Background: Epidemiological studies suggest an association between exposure to particulate matter (PM) in air pollution and risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Objectives: To investigate the underlying pathophysiological pathways linking PM exposure and VTE. Methods: We assessed potential associations between PM exposure and coagulation and inflammation parameters, including circulating microvesicles, in ...
Yagui Ana Cristina Zanon - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) using devices with variable flow or bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) regarding CPAP failure, presence of air leaks, total CPAP and oxygen time, and length of intensive care unit and hospital stay in neonates with moderate ...
Rodríguez-Estival Jaime - - 2012
The effects of Pb pollution on cattle and sheep raised in an ancient mining area were studied through the use of blood Pb (PbB) levels and δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (δ-ALAD) activity. Lead levels in livestock blood from the mining area (n=110) were significantly elevated when compared to the controls (n=79). ...
Valassis Doug T - - 2011
Motivated by two-phase microfluidics and by the clinical applications of air embolism and a developmental gas embolotherapy technique, experimental and theoretical models of microbubble transport in pulsatile flow are presented. The one-dimensional time-dependent theoretical model is developed from an unsteady Bernoulli equation that has been modified to include viscous and ...
Marinovic Jasna - - 2011
SCUBA diving is regularly associated with asymptomatic changes in cardiac, pulmonary and vascular function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in vascular/endothelial function following SCUBA diving and to assess the potential difference between two breathing gases: air and nitrox 36 (36% oxygen and 64% nitrogen). Ten ...
Sessler Daniel I - - 2011
Background:Warm air released by forced-air covers could theoretically disturb laminar airflow in operating rooms. We thus tested the hypothesis that laminar flow performance remains well within rigorous and objective standards during forced-air warming.Methods:We evaluated air quality in 2 laminar flow operating rooms using a volunteer "patient" and heated manikin "surgeons." ...
Behara Srinivas Ravindra Babu - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current investigation is to understand the kinetics of de-agglomeration (k(d)) of micronised salbutamol sulphate (SS) and lactohale 300 (LH300) under varying air flow rates (30-180lmin(-1)) from three dry powder inhaler devices (DPIs), Rotahaler(®) (RH), Monodose Inhaler(®) (MI) and Handihaler(®) (HH). RESULTS: Cumulative fine particle mass ...
Kirchner Lieselotte - - 2011
Introduction: Minimization of noise exposure is an important aim of modern neonatal intensive care medicine. Binasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) generators are among the most important sources of continuous noise in neonatal wards. The aim of this study was to find out which CPAP generator creates the least noise. ...
Potger Kieron C - - 2011
Microemboli are implicated in neurological injury; therefore, the extracorporeal circuit (ECC) should not generate microbubbles or transmit introduced air. The venous reservoir is the first component in the ECC designed to remove introduced air. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relative safety of two kinds of adult ...
Payne Brennan R BR Department of Educational Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 226 Education Building, 1310 South Sixth Street, Champaign, Illinois 61820-6990, USA. - - 2011
The current study investigated the nature of the flow state among older adults. Flow is a pleasurable experiential state that occurs during full-capacity engagement in which an individual is performing at a level that is matched with the demands of the task. Each participant completed a scale assessing dimensions of ...
Mauroy Benjamin - - 2011
Mucociliary clearance and cough are the two main natural mucus draining methods in the bronchial tree. If they are affected by a pathology, they can become insufficient or even ineffective, then therapeutic draining of mucus plays a critical role to keep mucus levels in the lungs acceptable. The manipulations of ...
Staymates Matthew E - - 2011
Swipe-based explosive trace detectors rely on thermal desorption to vaporize explosive particles collected on a swipe. The vaporized material is carried by air flows from the desorption unit to the inlet of the chemical analyzer, typically an ion mobility spectrometer. We have observed that the amount of explosives detected from ...
Jia Bing - - 2011
(99m)Tc-3PRGD(2) is a (99m)Tc-labeled dimeric cyclic RGD peptide with increased receptor binding affinity and improved kinetics for in vivo imaging of integrin α(v)β(3) expression in nude mouse model. To accelerate its clinical translation, we reported here the evaluation of the kit-formulated (99m)Tc-3PRGD(2) in healthy cynomolgus primates for its blood clearance ...
Herbst Daniel C - - 2011
At the point of pinch-off of an underwater air bubble, the speed of water rushing in diverges. Previous studies that assumed radial flow throughout showed that the local axial shape is two smoothly connected, slender cones that transition very slowly (logarithmically) to a cylindrical segment. Our simulations show that even ...
Deitch Kenneth - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine whether high-flow oxygen reduces the incidence of hypoxia by 20% in adults receiving propofol for emergency department (ED) sedation compared with room air. METHODS: We randomized adults to receive 100% oxygen or compressed air at 15 L/minute by nonrebreather mask for 5 minutes before and during ...
Zuurbier Moniek - - 2011
Exposure to traffic-related air pollution is a risk factor for cardiovascular events, probably involving mechanisms of inflammation and coagulation. Little is known about effects of the short exposures encountered while participating in traffic. The objective of the study was to examine effects of exposure of commuters to air pollution on ...
Liang David Y - - 2011
Degas-driven flow is a novel phenomenon used to propel fluids in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)-based microfluidic devices without requiring any external power. This method takes advantage of the inherently high porosity and air solubility of PDMS by removing air molecules from the bulk PDMS before initiating the flow. The dynamics of degas-driven ...
Rahama Salah M - - 2011
A cross sectional study was conducted in Khartoum State. A total of 45 males' traffic policemen were divided into two groups according to exposure to car exhaust; n=30 taken as exposed group, n=15 taken as controls, who were not exposed to car exhaust. The study was conducted to determine lead ...
Khurana Nidhi - - 2011
We computationally study the transport of active, self-propelled particles suspended in a two-dimensional chaotic flow. The pointlike, spherical particles have their own intrinsic swimming velocity, which modifies the dynamical system so that the particles can break the transport barriers present in the carrier flow. Surprisingly, we find that swimming does ...
Duro Vincent - - 2011
This paper is devoted to the study of acoustic vibrations induced by a flow upon an air-filled cylindrical tube vertically placed in water. A water pump with adapted piping generates a turbulent flow horizontally canalized in a large laboratory tank (6 m × 4 m × 3 m). The tube is located across this ...
Bowles Adam P - - 2011
We examine gas flow adjacent to a molecularly smooth, solid, muscovite mica. The fluctuations in force acting on a glass sphere as a function of proximity to a mica plate were measured in air and were used to obtain the damping. The damping was interpreted as a lubrication force. The ...
Loenneke J P - - 2011
The focal point of previous literature was establishing the efficacy of blood flow restriction training with respect to muscular strength, muscular hypertrophy, and muscular endurance. After mounting evidence supporting the efficacy of low-intensity blood flow restriction training, research has shifted to the overall safety of this training modality. The aim ...
Pous-Torres Sandra - - 2011
In a previous work (J. Sep. Sci. 2009, 32, 2793-2803), we reported an interpretive optimisation approach to achieve maximal resolution in minimal analysis time, based on models describing the retention and peak shape as a function of mobile phase composition and flow rate. The method was applied to the separation ...
Simon Florian - - 2011
In rodents, inhaled H2S and injection of H2S donors protected against kidney ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. During porcine aortic occlusion, the H2S donor Na2S (sulfide) reduced energy expenditure and decreased the noradrenaline requirements needed to maintain hemodynamic targets during early reperfusion. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis whether sulfide pretreatment may also ...
Petitjean A - - 2011
Oxygen renewal, as a prominent phenomenon for aerobic bacterial activity, deeply impacts vertical flow constructed wetland (VFCW) treatment efficiency. The authors introduce a multiphase model able to simulate oxygen transfer in VFCWs. It is based on a two-phase flow module, and a transport module. The transport module is able to ...
Blankfield Robert P - - 2011
Fluid retention increases intravascular volume and pressure. The calculations in this paper demonstrate that fluid retention increases the likelihood that blood will flow in a turbulent manner, in part due to an increase in stroke volume, regardless of whether or not blood pressure is increased. Increased turbulence will promote endothelial ...
Liu Peiying - - 2011
A highly plausible etiology for Gulf War Illness (GWI) is that the neural damage and cognitive deficits are associated with excessive exposure to cholinesterase-inhibiting cholinergic stimulants. Our previous SPECT study provided strong indication that cerebral blood flow (CBF) in veterans with GWI may be different from those of unaffected control ...
Egaña Mikel - - 2010
The age-related decline in basal limb blood flow appears to be related to the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome, noninsulin-dependent diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Resistance training improves basal limb blood flow and vascular conductance in middle-aged men and women, but it is unknown whether similar vascular effects of training occur in ...
Rahama Salah M - - 2010
A cross sectional study was conducted in Khartoum State. A total of 45 males' traffic policemen were divided into two groups according to exposure to car exhaust; n = 30 taken as exposed group, n = 15 taken as controls, who were not exposed to car exhaust. The study was ...
Holstein-Rathlou Niels-Henrik - - 2011
Tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) has an important role in autoregulation of renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Because of the characteristics of signal transmission in the feedback loop, the TGF undergoes self-sustained oscillations in single-nephron blood flow, GFR, and tubular pressure and flow. Nephrons interact by exchanging electrical signals ...
O'Connor Paul M - - 2010
Tissue oxygen levels are tightly regulated in all organs. This poses a challenge for the kidney, as its function requires blood flow, and thus, oxygen delivery to greatly exceed its metabolic requirements. Because superoxide production in the kidney is dependent on oxygen availability, tissue hyperoxia could drive oxidative stress. In ...
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