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Results 251 - 300 of 1089
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Grottke Oliver O Department of Anesthesiology, RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Aachen, - - 2013
The use of PCC for the treatment of trauma-induced coagulopathy potentially increase the risk of thromboembolism and disseminated intravascular coagulation, which is addressed to an imbalance of both pro- and anticoagulants. As PCCs differ in composition, we used an in vitro dilutional approach to assess the overall thrombin generation of ...
Negro Ciro Del CD Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Osservatorio Etneo, - - 2013
Improving lava flow hazard assessment is one of the most important and challenging fields of volcanology, and has an immediate and practical impact on society. Here, we present a methodology for the quantitative assessment of lava flow hazards based on a combination of field data, numerical simulations and probability analyses. ...
Mahfoozpour Soad S Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2013
The emergency department (ED) is one of the high-risk places for blood-borne disease (BBD) transmission. This study aimed to assess the rate of adherence to preventive measures (PM) against the blood-borne diseases via emergency medicine (EM) residents. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 80 emergency residents of an educational public hospital ...
Borelli Sueli Donizete SD Universidade Estadual de Maringá - UEM, Maringá, PR, - - 2013
So that an improvement in the selection of donors can be achieved and the risk to the recipient of transfused blood can be reduced, prospective donors are submitted to clinical and serological screening. This study investigated the blood discard rate and the rate of infectious and contagious diseases in blood ...
Han Guangchun G CAS Key Laboratory of Genome Sciences and Information, Beijing Institute of Genomics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, - - 2013
Blood transcriptome has emerged as a potential resource for the discovery of biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the validity of blood transcriptome in the early diagnosis of AD has yet to be extensively tested. In this work, we analyzed published data on AD blood transcriptome and revealed the characteristic ...
Lu Rommel P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled bleeding is an important cause of increased transfusion in burn victims; however, description of blood utilization patterns in the burn population is lacking. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a single-institution, retrospective cohort study to measure blood utilization in 89 consecutive burn patients with 15% to 65% total ...
Martín-Santana J D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen the level of blood donation at a world level come to a standstill or even decline. This situation requires blood donation services to make efforts to increase donor recruitment and retention, as well as to increase the frequency of donations among current donors. In order ...
Perisanidis Christos - - 2012
PURPOSE: Several observational studies in head and neck cancer have reported that allogenic blood transfusion is associated with increased postoperative complications, increased risk of tumor recurrence, and worse prognosis. The aim of this study was to identify preoperative and intraoperative factors predicting blood transfusion in patients undergoing surgery for oral ...
Okonkwo Ozioma C - - 2012
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) provides an indication of the metabolic status of the cortex and may have utility in elucidating preclinical brain changes in persons at risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related diseases. In this study, we investigated CBF in 327 well-characterized adults including patients with AD (n = ...
Uccella Stefano - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of perioperative blood transfusions on the risk of recurrence of endometrial cancer. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of 358 consecutive patients, without a history of other tumors, who underwent surgery for endometrial cancer between January 2000 and April 2010. RESULTS: Women who did ...
Restellini S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There exists considerable practice variation and little evidence to guide red blood cell (RBC) transfusion in patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB). Studies in other critically ill cohorts suggest associations between transfusions and adverse patient outcomes. AIM: To characterise any possible clinically-relevant association between RBC transfusion following NVUGIB ...
Zollo Raymond A - - 2012
Anemia is associated with perioperative mortality and morbidity. Since the presence of anemia and blood transfusion often go hand in hand, it can be difficult to separate the effects of anemia from the effects of perioperative transfusion. The role for blood transfusion in mitigating the mortality and morbidity associated with ...
Kato So - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN.: A retrospective multi-institutional study. OBJECTIVE.: To clarify the distribution of intraoperative blood loss during cervical laminoplasty for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), and to identify the radiographical risk factors for the occurrence of major blood loss in patients with OPLL undergoing laminoplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: ...
Lima Laryssa Manso de - - 2012
A retrospective study was conducted to assess the occurrence of blood donations that were ineligible due to Chagas disease infection from 1995 to 2009 at the Uberaba Regional Blood Center (HRU), Brazil, verify the tendency of this ineligibility, and describe the epidemiologic profile of the donors. Retrospective studies of serological ...
Macdonald Noni E - - 2012
Although multiple critical steps are taken to minimize the risk of infection from transfusion of blood or blood products in developed countries, this risk can never be entirely eliminated. In Canada, the risks of noninfectious transfusion reactions, such as transfusion-related acute lung injury and major allergic or anaphylactic reactions, are ...
Jain Richa R Hematology/Oncology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Center, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, - - 2013
Hyperleukocytosis is defined as peripheral blood leukocyte count exceeding 100,000/mm(3). Acute leukemia is the most common etiology in pediatric practice. Hyperleukocytosis is a medical emergency. The increased blood viscosity, secondary to high white cell count and leukocyte aggregates, results in stasis in the smaller blood vessels. This predisposes to neurological, ...
Kepros John - - 2012
QUESTION Is prospectively refusing blood transfusions after cardiac surgery associated with decreased survival or increased morbidity? METHODS DESIGN A propensity score-matched cohort study. SETTING Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. PATIENTS 87 775 adults who had cardiac surgery between 1983 and 2010; available blood transfusion information; and for Jehovah's Witnesses, preoperative documentation ...
Poláková Katarína - - 2012
In this work we focused on analysis of HLA-G5 molecules in the blood of patients with B-CLL leukemia and healthy individuals. Using sandwich ELISA, we found total soluble HLA-G, represented by sHLA-G1 and HLA-G5 in most of B-CLL patients while HLA-G5 alone was present only in few cases in both ...
Stolic Radojica - - 2012
The aim of this review was to highlight the most important complications of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) for hemodialysis (HD). The quality of vascular access for HD should be suitable for repeated puncture and allow a high blood flow rate for high-efficiency dialysis with minimal complications. The dialysis staff must be ...
Daneman Richard - - 2012
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a term used to describe a series of properties possessed by the vasculature of the central nervous system (CNS) that tightly regulate the movement of ions, molecules, and cells between the blood and the CNS. This barrier is crucial to provide the appropriate environment to ...
Fosco M - - 2012
<strong> </strong> Spine surgery frequently needs allogeneic blood transfusions to compensate for great blood loss. Autologous blood donations often are indicated to reduce homologous transfusions. In last decades interbody spinal fusion has gained popularity, being frequently performed in many spine procedures. Nevertheless, there are few studies evaluating the risk factors ...
Bukur Marko - - 2012
Prehospital hypothermia (PH) is known to increase mortality following traumatic injury. PH relationship with transfusion requirements has not been documented. The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the impact of PH on blood product requirements and subsequent outcomes. The Los Angeles County Trauma System Database was queried for all ...
Karger Ralf - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prediction of transfusion is presumed to reduce wastage rates in pre-operative autologus blood donation (PABD) and unnecessary providing and cross-matching in allogeneic transfusion. The clinical utility of published algorithms in predicting transfusions was analysed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cohort of 195 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty, after PABD, ...
Morris Kevin P - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Blood lactate concentration predicts mortality in neonates, infants, children and adults, with evidence that it has better predictive power than other markers of acid-base status such as absolute base excess or pH. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether blood lactate concentration on admission predicts mortality in paediatric intensive care and if ...
Bloch Evan M EM Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA. - - 2013
Microchimerism, the coexistence of genetically disparate populations of cells in a receptive host, is well described in both clinical and physiological settings, including transplantation and pregnancy. Microchimerism can also occur after allogeneic blood transfusion in traumatically injured patients, where donor cells have been observed decades after transfusion. To date, transfusion-associated ...
Kim Hanah - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Whole blood viscosity (WBV) is the resistance of blood flow in blood vessels. Increased WBV may be a cardiovascular risk factor. The proper screening of WBV can help the early detection of cardiovascular disease. We investigated the performance of a new scanning capillary tube viscometer (SCTV) for the measurement ...
Toraldo Domenico Maurizio - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis and arterial thrombosis, which are associated with high cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. In studies performed in clinical populations with elevated CV event risk profiles, the occurrence of moderate to severe OSAS was very often accompanied by a ...
Spiezia Luca - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although having a non-O blood type is now regarded as a risk factor for venous thromboembolism, the strength of this association is poorly defined, as is its interaction with inherited thrombophilia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prevalence of non-O blood group and inherited thrombophilia (deficiencies of natural anticoagulants, factor V ...
Mueller Yolanda - - 2012
Objective  To assess the effectiveness of blood transfusions in a hospital of north-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Methods  Prospective study of children admitted for severe anaemia. During admission, data were collected on clinical condition and haemoglobin levels, before and after blood transfusion. A linear regression model was built to ...
Bjursten Henrik - - 2012
PURPOSE: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery often require transfusions of red blood cells, plasma and platelets. These components differ widely in both indications for use and composition. However, from a statistical point of view there is a significant colinearity between the components. This study explores the relation between the transfusion of ...
Pereira R M - - 2012
Effects of host availability and feeding period on bed bugs, Cimex lectularius (L.) (Hemiptera: Cimicidae), were measured. Population growth and the potential harmful effect of bed bug populations on human hosts were modelled. Bloodmeal sizes were affected by both feeding length and frequency, with >2-fold difference between insects fed daily ...
Lee C K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Significant efforts have been made towards bacterial risk minimization by limiting the chance of bacteria entering into collected blood, detecting its presence and eliminating them by pathogen reduction technology. Improved skin disinfection and the use of diversion pouch are effective upstream measures to reduce the risk of bacterial sepsis. ...
Sellu D H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In order to minimise the risk of blood transfusion errors, all healthcare professionals who participate in the transfusion process are required to be assessed as competent. New and innovative methods of training and competency assessment are required to improve the training process. AIM/OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was ...
Skoumalová Alice - - 2012
Alzheimer's disease (AD) represents a highly common form of dementia, but can be diagnosed in the earlier stages before dementia onset. Early diagnosis is crucial for successful therapeutic intervention. The introduction of new diagnostic biomarkers for AD is aimed at detecting underlying brain pathology. These biomarkers reflect structural or biochemical ...
Lysyk T J - - 2012
We examined the ability of five isolates of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner to cause mortality in adult stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.). Isolates Bacillus thuringiensis tolworthi 4L3 (serotype 9), Bacillus thuringiensis darmstadiensis 4M1 (serotype 10a10b), Bacillus thuringiensis thompsoni 401 (serotype 12), Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis HD2 (serotype 1), and Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki ...
Stillion Jenefer R - - 2012
To evaluate the ability of admission base excess (ABE) to predict blood transfusion requirement and mortality in dogs following blunt trauma. Retrospective study 2007-2009. University Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Fifty-two dogs admitted to the intensive care unit for treatment following blunt trauma. Animals requiring red blood cell transfusion (N = 8) ...
de Mendoza Carmen - - 2012
During the last 25 years the safety of blood products has improved dramatically with regard to infectious risk, notably to the threat represented by retroviruses (HIV and human T‑cell lymphotropic virus) and hepatitis B and C viruses. However, both residual and emergent viral infections are still responsible for contaminations in ...
Pereira Cristina - - 2012
In Maio Island, Republic of Cape Verde, a seven-year old mongrel female dog exhibiting severe generalized adenomegaly and a poor body condition was examined during an animal welfare campaign. A blood smear was drawn from peripheral blood collection and several organisms consistent with Dirofilaria immitis microfilariae were identified. Both the ...
Kleinjan Ankie - - 2012
Coagulation is initiated by tissue factor (TF). Coagulant TF is constitutively expressed by extravascular cells, but there is increasing evidence that TF can also be present within the blood, in particular during pathological conditions. Such TF is exposed on circulating cell-derived vesicles, and its presence has been associated with development ...
Friedman Mark - - 2012
Blood transfusion is a common intervention in the hospital setting, and its benefits may not be clear but it has associated risks. Despite this, transfusion consent may not be obtained satisfactorily. We assessed transfusion consent effectiveness by comparing information given by residents with information understood by patients who receive transfusions. ...
Chung Eui Suk - - 2012
Perioperative transfusion of red blood cell (RBC) may cause adverse effects. Bloodless-cardiac surgery has been spotlighted to avoid those problems. Off pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery can decrease the transfusion. However, the risk factors of transfusions in OPCAB have not been investigated properly. One hundred and thirteen patients (male:female=35:78, ...
Trudeau Jacqueline D - - 2012
PURPOSE: Intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) is used as an alternative to allogeneic blood transfusion in an attempt to avoid or minimize the risks associated with allogeneic blood. Intraoperative cell salvage is generally avoided in surgeries where malignancy is confirmed or suspected due to concern for potential metastasis or cancer recurrence. ...
Goodnough Lawrence T LT Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5626, USA. - - 2013
Coronary artery bypass grafting-related bleeding and associated transfusion is a concern with dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with acute coronary syndromes. The objective of the present study was to characterize a potential risk-adjusted difference in transfusion requirements between prasugrel and clopidogrel cohorts. The data from 422 patients undergoing isolated coronary ...
Keating Armand A Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
The optimal post-remission treatment for acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission remains uncertain. Previous comparisons of autologous versus allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation noted higher relapse, but lower treatment-related mortality though using bone marrow grafts, with treatment-related mortality of 12-20%. Recognizing lower treatment-related mortality using autologous peripheral blood grafts, in ...
Festic Emir - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) has been associated with increased mortality but prior studies have not adequately adjusted for transfusion-indication bias. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of consecutive aSAH patients admitted to the intensive care units of two academic medical centers over a ...
Eder Anne F - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines recent research on syncope after whole blood donation and efforts by blood centers to improve safety for young blood donors. RECENT FINDINGS: Young (16-18-year-old) volunteers contribute about 14% of the whole blood collected by the American Red Cross each year. Although quite safe, blood ...
Odaka Chikako - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A surveillance system for transfusion-related adverse reactions and infectious diseases in Japan was started at a national level in 1993, but current reporting of events in recipients is performed on a voluntary basis. A reporting system which can collect information on all transfusion-related events in recipients is required in ...
Bwititi P T - - 2012
Blood transfusion is an important transmission route of Trypanosoma cruzi (T cruzi), a major parasitic infection in Central and South America. The limited treatment options are most effective in acute Chagas' infection. At present, there is no current data on the prevalence of T cruzi in the blood donor population ...
Van Den Broecke S M L SM Forensic Institute Ghent University, Department of Forensic Medicine, Ghent, - - 2012
Previous research demonstrated that Methadone Maintenance Programs (MMP) and Methadone Maintenance Treatment/Therapy (MMT) could significantly reduce the mortality risk. However, in current forensic practice, methadone ingestion can still directly or indirectly be involved in fatalities. The objectives of this study were twofold. Firstly, referring to the wide range of blood ...
Kerketta Lily S - - 2012
During karyotype preparation from the bone marrow aspirates of 209 haematological malignancy cases, microfilaria were detected in four samples, whereas routine marrow and peripheral blood smears of these four cases did not show any parasite. The patients were recalled, and their peripheral blood was processed by karyotyping and standard concentration ...
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