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Iliescu M - - 2008
Chitosan-based polymers have been extensively studied for biomedical applications. Recently, liquid solutions of chitosan in a glycerol phosphate buffer (chitosan-GP) with physiological pH and osmolality were mixed with autologous blood to form hybrid chitosan-GP/blood implants that improved the repair of articular cartilage lesions in a large animal model. The mixture ...
Cvirn Gerhard - - 2008
To evaluate the clot strength in cord versus adult blood. Thrombelastometry (TEM) was the method of choice as it provides information on the clot strength in terms of the maximum clot firmness (MCF) and on the fibrin polymerization process in terms of the clot formation time and the alpha angle. ...
Lim Bernard B C - - 2008
Blood clots must be stiff to stop hemorrhage yet elastic to buffer blood's shear forces. Upsetting this balance results in clot rupture and life-threatening thromboembolism. Fibrin, the main component of a blood clot, is formed from molecules of fibrinogen activated by thrombin. Although it is well known that fibrin possesses ...
Libgot-Callé Rachel - - 2008
This study was designed to investigate the changes in acoustic properties of whole blood during the coagulation process. High frequency (from 20 to 40 MHz) ultrasound parameters were measured both in double transmission (DT) and backscattering (BS) mode to assess sound velocity and backscatter coefficient, respectively. The integrated backscatter coefficient ...
Bakker Erik N T P - - 2008
The transglutaminase (Tgase) family consists of nine known members of whom at least three are expressed in the vascular system: type 1 Tgase, type 2 Tgase and factor XIII. The cross-linking of proteins is a characteristic feature of Tgases, of well-known importance for stabilizing the blood clot and providing mechanical ...
Evans P A - - 2008
We report studies of the coagulation of samples of whole human blood by oscillatory shear techniques, including Fourier Transform Mechanical Spectroscopy (FTMS). These techniques are used herein to identify the Gel Point of coagulating blood in terms of the Chambon-Winter Gel Point criterion which provides a rheometrical basis for detecting ...
Härdig Bjarne Madsen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound (US) has been used to enhance thrombolytic therapy in the treatment of stroke. Considerable attenuation of US intensity is however noted if US is applied over the temporal bone. The aim of this study was therefore to explore possible changes in the effect of thrombolytic drugs during low-intensity, ...
Stief Thomas W - - 2009
There are no reliable data on functional plasminogen in the blood of patients receiving fibrinolytic treatment. Here, artifactual in vitro changes of functional plasminogen were prevented by arginine stabilization blood samples of myocardial infarction patients: 12 received 36.4 mg reteplase in bolus, and 1 patient received 100 mg tissue plasminogen ...
Ueki T - - 2008
Thrombolytic agents must be carried by the blood circulation to thrombi to exert their functions. Structural gaps exist between blood vessels and thrombi or in the area surrounding thrombi. Therefore, information about fundamental gap formation at thrombotic areas is critically important for thrombolytic therapy. We previously reported that t-PA accelerates ...
Rijken D C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The development of global tests for the fibrinolytic capacity in blood is hampered by the low base-line fibrinolytic activity in blood, by the involvement of both plasmatic components and blood cells in the fibrinolytic system and by the loss of fibrinolytic activity as a result of the action of ...
Chung Tze-Wen - - 2008
Accelerating thrombolysis using plasminogen activators (PAs) encapsulated liposomes or PEG microparticles by pressure-driven permeation have been demonstrated in vitro and in vivo in animal models. However, designing and delivering PA-encapsulated nanoparticles (NPs) to enhance thrombolysis by applying electrostatic forces or ligand-receptor interactions between the NPs and blood clots has not ...
Stegbauer Johannes - - 2008
Ultrasonography (US) and power Doppler sonography (PDS) was used to investigate causes of new onset of shoulder pain and sites of shoulder inflammation in 157 shoulders of 99 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). US detected effusion and/or synovitis in 92/157 glenohumeral joints, subdeltoid bursitis in 56/157 shoulders and tenosynovitis of ...
Nilsson Caroline U - - 2007
Fondaparinux is a new anticoagulant that interacts with antithrombin III and activated coagulation factor X resulting in an inhibition of the coagulation system. It has been successful in doses of 2.5 mg for thromboprophylaxis as well as in higher therapeutic doses of 5-7.5 mg. No optimal method for monitoring the ...
Lwaleed Bashir A - - 2007
A series of coordinated enzymatic reactions takes place in the body whenever blood clots. The major physiological initiator of these reactions is a membrane-bound glycoprotein known as tissue factor (TF), which is normally separated from the bloodstream by the vascular endothelium. Bleeding, caused by injury or tissue damage, activates a ...
Brown Emile N - - 2007
Residual clot strands within the excised saphenous vein are an increasingly recognized sequela of endoscopic vein harvest. We hypothesized that endoscopic visualization facilitated by sealed carbon dioxide insufflation causes stagnation of blood within the saphenous vein. In the absence of prior heparin administration, this stasis provokes clot formation. Forty consecutive ...
Holland Christy K - - 2008
Thrombolytics such as recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) have advanced the treatment of ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. To improve the efficacy of this thrombolytic therapy, the synergistic effect of rt-PA and 120 kHz or 1.0 MHz ultrasound was assessed in vitro using a porcine ...
Hvas A-M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Most patients with severe hemophilia A suffer from a profoundly compromised hemostatic response. In addition to both the delayed and slow development of a clot, previous studies have documented that severe hemophilia A is also associated with reduced clot stability. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether the clot stability in hemophiliacs ...
Kalchenko Vyacheslav - - 2007
Physiological blood coagulation/clotting is an essential biological process that is initiated by vessel injury and includes a cascade of enzymatic reactions finalized by fibrin polymerization and clot formation. We utilize dynamic light scattering (DLS) imaging to monitor in vivo red cell mobility as an indicator of blood coagulation. In the ...
Roy Somnath C - - 2007
The main biological purpose of blood coagulation is formation of an obstacle to prevent blood loss of hydraulic strength sufficient to withstand the blood pressure. The ability to rapidly stem hemorrhage in trauma patients significantly impacts their chances of survival, and hence is a subject of ongoing interest in the ...
Whelan Megan F - - 2007
Thrombi and thromboemboli are organized fibrin clots that may result in partial or total occlusion of arterial or venous blood flow. Consequences of occlusion of blood flow vary with the organ affected.Thrombolytic agents have been used for the dissolution of pathologic thrombi since the 1980s. While similar in their mechanisms ...
Zubairov D M - - 2007
Intravenous injection of 1 microg/kg desmopressin to rabbits not only accelerated clotting of arterial blood (maximally by 59.16 +/- 8.53% after 1 h), but also increased the number of microvesicles containing the integral enzyme 5'-nucleotidase in the arterial blood from the initial level of 36.26 +/- 8.08 ncat/liter to a ...
Brewer Colin - - 2007
Compulsive intravenous opiate injectors often cause themselves recurrent physical damage, which sometimes threatens life or limb. Unsuccessful attempts to find a vein can occupy several hours of each day, during which blood may clot in the syringe, making injection even more difficult. Adding small amounts of heparin to the opiate ...
Parker Jared T - - 2007
Heparin is associated with adverse effects in some patients during extracorporeal circulation. A potential alternate anticoagulation strategy explored in this investigation involved mitigation of coagulation by removing clotting factors from blood by adsorption on a protamine-immobilized Sepharose matrix (PSM). Human or porcine plasmas treated with PSM in vitro were tested ...
Hildebrandt Bert - - 2007
The transfusion of fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) is suggested to minimize dilution coagulopathy when applied instead of colloids during paediatric craniofacial surgery (pCFS). We prospectively compared plasmatic haemostaseologic function between volume replacement with FFPs versus human albumin (HA) in a pilot study. Thirty infants with primary craniosynostosis were scheduled for pCFS. ...
Agero Ubirajara - - 2007
Mutalysin II (mut-II) is an alpha-fibrinogenase isolated from Lachesis muta muta (bushmaster) snake venom. The enzyme lyses fibrin clots in vitro, and this activity does not depend on plasminogen activation. The aim of this study was to assess by intravital microscopy the effect of Mutalysin II on the recanalization of ...
Kastrup Christian J - - 2007
This article demonstrates that the threshold response of initiation of blood clotting to the size of a patch of stimulus is a robust phenomenon under a wide range of conditions and follows a simple scaling relationship based on the Damköhler number. Human blood and plasma were exposed to surfaces patterned ...
Liao Hui - - 2008
Here, 45 Chinese herbs that regulate blood circulation were analyzed for antioxidant activity using the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. A recent publication by Ou et al. identified a close relationship between in vitro antioxidant activity and classification of Chinese herbs as yin or yang. The 45 Chinese herbs ...
Kheirabadi Bijan S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The coagulopathy of trauma is generally confirmed by prothrombin time (PT) > or =16 seconds or an international normalized ratio > or =1.5. However, the utility of these values as a screening test is unknown. We examined different coagulation tests to determine the best predictor of coagulopathic bleeding and ...
McClung W G - - 2007
This article reports on the concept of a fibrinolytic surface based on the preferential adsorption of endogenous plasminogen from blood. Data are presented indicating that such a surface, when pretreated with tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), is able to dissolve nascent thrombus generated in contact with flowing whole blood. Polyethylene (PE) ...
Sersa I - - 2007
Axially directed blood plasma flow can significantly accelerate thrombolysis of non-occlusive blood clots. Viscous forces caused by shearing of blood play an essential role in this process, in addition to biochemical fibrinolytic reactions. An analytical mathematical model based on the hypothesis that clot dissolution dynamics is proportional to the power ...
Kunamneni Adinarayana - - 2007
Thrombosis, the blockage of blood vessels with clots, can lead to acute myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke, both leading causes of death. Other than surgical interventions to remove or by pass the blockage, or the generation of collateral vessels to provide a new blood supply, the only treatment available is ...
Greco Frank A - - 2007
When broadband light illuminates clotting native blood, the reflectance at each wavelength traces a time course with four discernible regions. Clot formation occurs just before the second phase. Two wavelengths, 471 and 771 nm, were selected for more detailed study of the first two phases. Analysis of each time course ...
Baldwin Ian - - 2007
Frequent clotting applying continuous renal replacement therapy means treatment can be inadequate and with increased costs for circuits and nursing time. Patency of the extracorporeal circuit is commonly achieved using anticoagulants such as heparin. When anticoagulants are not used, or clotting occurs within a few hours of use, with anticoagulation, ...
Goldin-Lang Petra - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The therapeutic application of ionizing radiation is associated with thrombotic events, but the exact underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Tissue factor (TF), the primary initiator of blood coagulation, is essentially involved in the pathophysiology of thrombosis. Circulating monocytes have been identified to upregulate TF under inflammatory conditions and, ...
Harrison S E - - 2007
The purpose of this paper is to present a simple clotting model, based on residence time and shear stress distribution, that can simulate the deposition over time of enzyme-activated milk in an in vitro system. Results for the model are compared with experiments exhibiting clot deposition in the region of ...
Silverman Lance D - - 2007
The impregnation and elution of gentamicin antibiotic from a commercially available porous beta-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) bone implant material (Vitoss, Orthovita, Inc.) was investigated in vitro. Sustained local antibiotic release is an attractive method for the prevention of infection following surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use ...
Zanglis Antonios - - 2007
Radiopharmaceuticals are known to interact with the blood components (i.e. the red blood cells, serum proteins etc) but so far, there have been no data regarding their purely mechanical trapping in thrombi. The experiments presented in this communication provide evidence that the technetium-99m labeled albumin macroaggregate ((99m)Tc-MAA), apparently due to ...
Yackerson N S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Being close to the big deserts of the Sahara and Saudi Arabia, the Negev desert in the south of Israel is meteorologically defined as a semi-arid area. Purpose: To investigate the influence of meteorological factors typical for the semi-arid areas on the incidence of preeclampsia (PE) and placental abruption ...
Rezania Samin - - 2007
Human protein C (PC) is a natural anticoagulant, antithrombotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic in the bloodstream. PC deficiency can lead to abnormal blood clot formation inside blood vessels, possibly causing heart attack, stroke, skin necrosis, or even death. PC can be, therefore, a valuable therapeutic with little side effect, unlike the ...
Wahlberg Andreas - - 2007
The cyclic flow of the Dosin is useful in interventional radiology since it prevents clotting and increases the mixing with the blood. The flow rate varies from 0.03 mL/s to 5 mL/s and it is recommended to use fluid with a viscosity lower than 3 mPa.s. The outlet pressure is ...
Sersa I - - 2007
Our aim was to study the effect of an axially directed blood plasma flow on the dissolution rate of cylindrical non-occlusive blood clots in an in vitro flow system and to derive a mathematical model for the process. The model was based on the hypothesis that clot dissolution dynamics is ...
Edwards David - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the uptake of (99m)Tc-NC100668 into blood clots and elucidate the potential for medications commonly used to treat thromboembolism to interfere with the uptake and retention of (99m)Tc-NC100668. METHODS: (99m)Tc-NC100668 in vivo uptake and retention in a range of blood clot of ...
Wieland Steven - - 2007
The most frequently occurring cardiac arrhythmia in the adulthood is atrial fibrillation. In Germany, the number of sick people is estimated at 800,000. Patients who suffer from atrial fibrillation often do not sense any symptoms of the illness. Through the uncontrolled blood flow in the atrium, a blood clot, which ...
Prasad Sweta - - 2007
Atherothrombotic diseases such as myocardial or cerebral infarction are serious consequences of the thrombus formed in blood vessels. Thrombolytic agents are used to dissolve the already formed clots in the blood vessels; however, these drugs have certain limitations which cause serious and sometimes fatal consequences. Herbal preparations have been used ...
Brown André E X - - 2007
Fibrinogen is a blood plasma protein that, after activation by thrombin, assembles into fibrin fibers that form the elastic network of blood clots. We used atomic force microscopy to study the forced unfolding of engineered linear oligomers of fibrinogen, and we show that forced extension of the oligomers produces sawtooth ...
Haris Mohammad - - 2006
PURPOSE: To understand the biological basis of possible mechanisms responsible for increased fractional anisotropy (FA) in different stages of hemorrhage and hemorrhagic brain lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 19 patients with cerebral hemorrhage (CH), five patients with hemorrhagic infarct (HI), and nine patients with hemorrhagic brain tumor (HBT) ...
Tynngård Nahreen - - 2006
Free oscillation rheometry (FOR) using the ReoRox 4 instrument makes it possible, at bedside, to study the coagulation process in blood over time and gives information on clotting time and coagulum elastic properties. In order to find out how various factors influence the FOR analysis we studied the coagulation process ...
Asakura Fumio - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral embolism is the principal cause of cerebral infarction. Recently, mechanical embolectomy has been proposed as an effective method. We performed a preclinical evaluation of a new mechanical clot-retrieving wire. METHODS: This clot-retrieving wire consisted of three nitinol loops at the tip of a microguidewire. These three loops could ...
Pain R - - 2006
Franz diffusion cells containing uniformly dehydrated equine blood clots to simulate fibrinous eschar were used to measure the rate of debridement of fibrin by novel and traditional wound dressings, under standardised conditions of temperature, pH and humidity. Significant increases in protein breakdown occurred within 24 hours with all the dressings, ...
Davies Hugh - - 2006
Prevention of clotting is an important factor in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) to ensure that solute clearance, electrolytes and acid base and fluid balance are controlled. This article will focus attention on the components and design of the CRRT circuit, identifying strategies in the literature which may promote circuit ...
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