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Results 451 - 500 of 1035
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Montaner Joan - - 2006
The use of blood biomarkers is getting increasingly popular in the field of cerebrovascular diseases, since biomarkers might aid physicians in several steps of stroke evaluation. We will discuss whether stroke diagnosis might be possible using some specific brain biomarkers and if this approach will permit rapid referral of stroke ...
Radtke K-P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Genetically engineered disulfide bonds in B-domain-deleted factor (F) VIII variants (C662-C1828 FVIII and C664-C1826 FVIII) improve FVIIIa stability by blocking A2 domain dissociation because the new disulfide covalently links the A2 and A3 domains in FVIIIa. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the hypothesis that these ...
Matsen Laura J M - - 2006
We tested the hypothesis that the stabilizing function of the labrum can be enhanced by inflating it with blood. In 6 fresh cadaveric glenoids, the anteroinferior stability provided by the glenoid was quantitated by measuring the maximal angle between the glenoid centerline and the direction of the force applied via ...
Gennisson Jean-Luc - - 2006
Blood clotting is a natural process that can be both beneficial and life-threatening for the human body. It allows the maintenance of hemostasis after vascular injury, but it can also cause deep vein thrombosis and heart stroke. This study aimed better to understand the clotting process from a biomechanical point ...
Ford Loretta - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We have developed a new thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) phenotyping method that measures TPMT activity in whole blood. To evaluate this assay, we compared it with conventional TPMT phenotyping, which uses a red blood cell (RBC) lysate and genotyping for analysis of common TPMT mutations. METHODS: Whole-blood and RBC lysates ...
Hoemann C D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We have previously shown that microfractured ovine defects are repaired with more hyaline cartilage when the defect is treated with in situ-solidified implants of chitosan-glycerol phosphate (chitosan-GP) mixed with autologous whole blood. The objectives of this study were (1) to characterize chitosan-GP/blood clots in vitro, and (2) to develop ...
Jeong Woo Won - - 2007
Numerical analysis was performed on the enzyme transport and the flow fields in order to predict the effectiveness of forced injection in thrombolytic therapy. The species and momentum transport equations were numerically solved for the case of uniform perfusion of enzyme into the fibrin clot, and the validity of our ...
Song Helen - - 2006
This paper describes extending plug-based microfluidics to handling complex biological fluids such as blood, solving the problem of injecting additional reagents into plugs, and applying this system to measuring of clotting time in small volumes of whole blood and plasma. Plugs are droplets transported through microchannels by fluorocarbon fluids. A ...
Shemirani Amir H - - 2006
The first step in the activation of blood coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) is the proteolytic cleavage of the potentially active A subunit (FXIII-A) by thrombin at Arg37-Gly38. Both fibrin formation and FXIII-A Val34Leu polymorphism influence the rate of proteolytic activation of purified factor XIII, however their relative importance and interaction ...
Seidl Tobias - - 2006
Desert ants Cataglyphis fortis have been shown to be able to employ two mechanisms of distance estimation: exploiting both optic flow and proprioceptive information. This study aims at understanding possible interactions between the two possibly redundant mechanisms of distance estimation. We ask whether in Cataglyphis the obviously minor contribution of ...
Acosta de Pérez Ofelia - - 2006
The envenoming caused by Bothrops snakebite includes local symptoms, such as pronounced edema, hemorrhage, intense pain, vesicles, blisters and myonecrosis. The principal systemic symptom consists in the alteration of blood clotting, due to fibrinogen consumption and platelet abnormalities. The horses involved in this study had this symptomatology and one of ...
Edwards David - - 2006
PURPOSE: (99m)Tc-NC100668 is a new radiotracer being developed to aid the diagnosis of thromboembolism. The structure of NC100668 is similar to a region of human alpha(2)-antiplasmin, which is a substrate for factor XIIIa (FXIIIa). The purpose of this study was to confirm the uptake of (99m)Tc-NC100668 into forming plasma clot ...
Stone Richard - - 2006
This is the first study to identify normal whole-blood clotting times in various plastic containers and to identify the effect of the addition of various concentrations of Pseudechis australis (Mulga snake) venom on the clotting time in glass and plastic. Polycarbonate was identified as a potential alternative to glass as ...
Stellflug J N - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine whether the effect of restraint stress on cortisol, LH, and testosterone varied among sexually inactive and sexually active female- and male-oriented rams, to allow differentiation among ram classes. Restraint stress or no stress was imposed on sexually inactive (n = 7) and ...
Nahirnyak Volodymyr M - - 2006
The efficacy of ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis as an adjunct treatment of ischemic stroke is being widely investigated. To determine the role of ultrasound hyperthermia in the process of blood clot disruption, the acousto-mechanical and thermal properties of clotted blood were measured in vitro, namely, density, speed of sound, frequency-dependent attenuation, specific ...
Motlagh Delara - - 2006
Poly(glycerol-sebacate) (PGS) is an elastomeric biodegradable polyester that could potentially be used to engineer blood vessels in vivo. However, its blood-material interactions are unknown. The objectives of this study were to: (a) fabricate PGS-based biphasic tubular scaffolds and (b) assess the blood compatibility of PGS in vitro in order to ...
Niemi Tomi T - - 2006
We investigated the effect of postoperative administration of colloids on hemostasis in 45 patients after cardiac surgery. Patients were randomized to receive 15 mL kg(-1) of either 4% albumin, 4% succinylated gelatin, or 6% hydroxyethyl starch (molecular weight of 200 kDa/degree of substitution 0.5) as a short-term infusion. There was ...
Stief T W - - 2006
There are no reliable data on plasmin or plasminogen activator (PA) activities in blood of patients receiving fibrinolytic treatment. This is due to continuing in vitro action of PA after blood withdrawal. These artefactual changes of PA or plasmin activities have been prevented by arginine stabilization of blood samples of ...
Conrad Mara L - - 2006
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin) is a component of Gram-negative bacteria and is the principal indicator to the innate immune systems of higher animals of a Gram-negative bacterial invasion. LPS activates the blood clotting system of the American horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus. By stimulating blood cell degranulation, LPS triggers the release of ...
Fries Dietmar - - 2006
Colloids and crystalloids are usually administered as treatment for hypovolemia in severely injured patients. However, dilution of clotting factors and platelets together with impaired fibrinogen polymerization are associated with fluid therapy and may aggravate hemorrhage, thus worsening final outcome of these patients. We investigated, in an in vitro model, whether ...
Nahirnyak, Volodymyr M.
The efficacy of ultrasound as an adjunctive, noninvasive treatment of ischemic stroke is being widely investigated [1]. Ultrasound facilitates the process of blood clot disruption, or thrombolysis [2]. The mechanisms of ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis are not well known. Our overall goal in this work is to elucidate the potential of one ...
Nysaeter Gunnar - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To test in vitro the ability of sucralfate to protect a blood clot from peptic digestion by gastric juice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Blood clots adhering to the bottom of plastic tubes were exposed to native acidic gastric juice or gastric juice to which Al-Mg antacids, sucralfate or alkali had ...
Bernsdorf Jorg - - 2006
In this paper, we describe a novel approach for a concurrent numerical simulation of the unsteady flow within an idealised stenosed artery and a simplified blood clotting process based on a residence time model. The applied numerical scheme is the lattice Boltzmann technique, which proved to be highly efficient particularly ...
Aruva Mohan R - - 2006
A pentapeptide, Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro-Pro, with high affinity for alpha-chain-fibrin was labeled with (99m)Tc ((99m)Tc-TP850) and evaluated in swine to image experimental venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis [DVT]) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Scatchard analysis was performed to determine fibrin affinity for TP850 and the number of binding sites (receptors) per milligram of ...
Hoemann Caroline D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Microfracture is a surgical procedure that is used to treat focal articular cartilage defects. Although joint function improves following microfracture, the procedure elicits incomplete repair. As blood clot formation in the microfracture defect is an essential initiating event in microfracture therapy, we hypothesized that the repair would be improved ...
Chekhun V F - - 2005
The aim of the study was to evaluate the total proteolytic activity (TPA) and the content of alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha1PI) and alpha-2-macroblobulin (alpha2M) in the blood plasma of mice with Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) upon the development of resistance to cisplatin. METHODS: Experimental LLC model with different sensitivity to cisplatin ...
Koestenberger Martin - - 2005
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) has been reported to be effective in adult patients in various clinical situations and might be beneficial in neonates with bleeding tendency. In the present study we compared the procoagulant action of increasing amounts of rFVIIa in both cord whole blood and adult whole blood ...
Huang Chih-Chung - - 2005
The ultrasonic parameters of sound velocity, attenuation and integrated backscatter were applied to detect the process of coagulation and clot formation in porcine blood. Fresh porcine blood containing 15% anticoagulant solution was collected. Blood samples with a hematocrit of 45% were obtained by reconstituting the packed erythrocytes with the separated ...
Sersa Igor - - 2005
Nonocclusive blood clots only partially fill blood vessels and together with the adjacent vessel wall form a channel through which blood flows at usually much higher velocities than in normal vessels. Our aim was to find a theoretical explanation for the experimentally observed fact that fast flowing blood through the ...
Small Iv Ward - - 2005
A blood clot (thrombus) that becomes lodged in the arterial network supplying the brain can cause an ischemic stroke, depriving the brain of oxygen and often resulting in permanent disability. As an alternative to conventional clot-dissolving drug treatment, we are developing an intravascular laser-activated therapeutic device using shape memory polymer ...
Nielsen Louise W D - - 2005
The development of kyphotic lesions in pigs with different weights from herds with a high frequency of the lesion was analysed pathologically, radiologically, and for alkaline phosphatase, calcium, magnesium, and phosphate in blood samples. The development of kyphosis was caused by the formation of ventral hemivertebrae due to the absence ...
Ramström Sofia - - 2005
Our aim was to establish whether differences in clotting times for recalcified blood and plasma samples might be explained by the use of different blood collection tubes. Samples obtained from different plastic vacuum tubes were recalcified and clotting times determined by free oscillation rheometry. The clotting times for blood collected ...
Undas A - - 2005
Fibrin (Fn) cross-linking by activated factor (F) XIII is essential for clot stability. In vitro, a common Leu34 polymorphism of the FXIIIA-subunit increases the rate of thrombin-mediated FXIII activation, but not cross-linking activity upon complete FXIII activation. The effect of FXIII Val34Leu polymorphism on fibrin(ogen) cross-linking in vivo when vascular ...
Radziwon P - - 2005
Blood circulating in extracorporeal circuit of the apheresis sets has a contact with an artificial surface. The data on the influence of plateletpheresis on fibrinolytic activity are very limited and difficult to interpret. The aim of our study was to estimate the effect of plateletpheresis on the activation of fibrinolysis. ...
Collet Jean-Philippe - - 2005
A blood clot needs to have the right degree of stiffness and plasticity to stem the flow of blood and yet be digestable by lytic enzymes so as not to form a thrombus, causing heart attacks, strokes, or pulmonary emboli, but the origin of these mechanical properties is unknown. Clots ...
Lang Thomas - - 2005
Reagent-supported thromboelastometry (TEM) with the ROTEM Whole Blood Haemostasis Analyser is an enhancement of thromboelastography, a method that is increasingly used for the point of care monitoring of acute perioperative bleeding disorders. We investigated the reference ranges of two activated tests (INTEM and EXTEM) and a test analysing specifically the ...
Fries D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine whether replacement of fibrinogen is useful in reversing dilutional coagulopathy following severe haemorrhage and administration of colloids. METHODS: In 14 anaesthetized pigs, approximately 65% of the estimated blood volume was withdrawn and replaced with the same amount of gelatin solution to achieve dilutional ...
Diehl Rolf R - - 2005
Vasovagal syncope, although often seen as a disease, is the result of a neurophysiological reflex which can be induced in most healthy people after a 30 % reduction in blood volume either by venous pooling or by hemorrhage. Studies in mammals showed that the activation of certain brainstem nuclei including ...
Tan A Hc - - 2005
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that the intrinsic stability of the cadaveric glenoid can be augmented by the injection of blood into the labrum. METHODS: The intrinsic stability of 10 fresh frozen cadaveric glenoids was assessed by measuring the balance stability angle. Pretreatment values of 8 directions in each glenoid ...
Marotte Jeffrey B - - 2005
High-flow priapism results from disruption of the intercavernosal artery resulting in an arteriocavernosal fistula and is rarely encountered in the pediatric and adolescent population. Clinically it manifests as a painless, prolonged erection after perineal trauma. Treatment has ranged from expectant management to open surgical exploration with vessel ligation. Internal pudendal ...
Bull Brian S - - 2005
Usually, cotton laparotomy sponges are discarded when they become blood soaked. During bypass surgery, however, they are often wrung out into the pericardial sac and the contents of the sac are aspirated into the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit. After cardiopulmonary bypass, many patients give evidence of mental confusion, excessive bleeding, ...
Nedelmann Max - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Therapeutic ultrasound as stand-alone therapy or in combination with rt-PA has proven to be an effective measure for recanalisation of acute vessel occlusion in different in vitro and in vivo studies. Uncertainty still exists concerning the optimal frequency and intensity with regard to the thrombolytic efficacy of ...
Narracott Andrew - - 2005
An in vitro model of blood clotting is presented using hypercoaguable milk as an analog for blood. Milk clot formation was studied for periods of 2, 5, 10, 20, and 30 min within an idealized stenosis geometry. Clot formation was recorded using photography, clot casting, and clot mass calculation. The ...
Lobanov A I - - 2005
Two mathematical models of clot growth in the fluid flows have been considered. The first one is the model of embolus growth in a wall-adjacent flow. The effect of hydrodynamic flows on proceeding chemical reactions and the backward effect of the growing clot on the flow are taken into account. ...
Mannini Lucia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a frequent disease whose aetiology is still unknown in about 80% of patients. Aim of this study was to evaluate if haemorheological changes and some indexes of hypercoagulability and hypofibrinolysis are associated with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL). METHODS: We studied 63 patients ...
Matson Kevin D - - 2005
Methods to assess immunocompetence requiring only a single sample are useful in comparative studies where practical considerations prevent holding or recapturing individuals. The assay for natural antibody-mediated complement activation and red blood cell agglutination described here, requiring approximately 100 microl of blood, is highly repeatable. The effects of complement deactivation, ...
Swaminathan, Sumanth
Many biological phenomena are characterized by extensive fluid mechanical and chemical reactionary systems. As such, it is necessary to understand the manner in which these processes develop and the role that they play in a given system. Vascular blood flow is characterized by convective, diffusive, and reactive processes. Specifically, blood ...
Weisel John W - - 2004
In this review, I set forth some basic information about the mechanical properties of fibrin clots and attempt to identify the big questions remaining. The intent is to make this topic understandable to both basic scientists who are interested in blood clotting and to hematologists or cardiologists, since I believe ...
Caplan Louis R - - 2004
Cervicocranial dissections are an increasingly recognized cause of stroke in the young. When the dissections narrow the vascular lumen, they often alter blood flow enough to cause transient ischemic attacks in the brain. Alterations in the endothelium activate the coagulation cascade, leading to the formation of intramural clot that may ...
Kongthaisong Monticha - - 2004
Sera collected at various time intervals from healthy Thai male subjects after the administration of the three oral formulations of dihydroartemisinin (Cotecxin) manufactured in the People's Republic of China, a formulation manufactured by Arenco n.v. Pharmaceutica in Belgium, and a formulation manufactured by the Faculty of Pharmacy of Mahidol University ...
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