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Yang Patricia J PJ Schools of Mechanical Engineering - - 2014
Many urological studies rely on models of animals, such as rats and pigs, but their relation to the human urinary system is poorly understood. Here, we elucidate the hydrodynamics of urination across five orders of magnitude in body mass. Using high-speed videography and flow-rate measurement obtained at Zoo Atlanta, we ...
Leoci Raffaella R Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), Section of Veterinary Clinic and Animal Production, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Valenzano, Bari, - - 2014
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a result of urogenital aging. Recent studies suggest that an age-related impairment of the blood supply to the lower urinary tract plays a role in the development of BPH and thus may be a contributing factor in the pathogenesis of BPH. The canine prostate is ...
Ozgur Berat Cem - - 2014
To investigate the effect of repeating uroflowmetry test on results of patients with or without lower urinary tract symptoms. The prospective study was conducted at the Department of Urology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, from August to December 2012, and comprised 79 consecutive male patients with or without infravesical ...
Ros Cristina C Gynaecologic Endocrinology Unit, Clinic Institute of Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Neonatology - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To analyze karyotype of Turner's syndrome (TS) patients in two tissues of different lineage, and to correlate them with phenotype. Study design: An observational study was designed at the Gynaecological Endocrinology Unit of Hospital Clinic in Barcelona. Patients diagnosed with TS by blood karyotype were included, between 20 ...
Ateşçi Yusuf Ziya YZ Department of Urology, Izmir University School of Medicine, Uckuyular, 35200 Izmir, - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the role of urinary bladder shape which may potentially change with advancing age, increased waist circumference, pelvic ischemia, and loosening of the urachus on bladder emptying and UFR. We retrospectively investigated the medical records of 76 men. The patients were divided into two groups according to ...
Roehrborn Claus G CG Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2013
Tadalafil significantly improves lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia. We post hoc characterized changes in the maximum urinary flow rate using integrated data from 4 international, placebo controlled studies of tadalafil once daily for lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia. After a 4-week placebo lead-in ...
Muto Satoru - - 2013
We aimed to identify patients with a chief complaint of hematuria who could safely avoid unnecessary radiation and instrumentation in the diagnosis of bladder cancer (BC), using automated urine flow cytometry to detect isomorphic red blood cells (RBCs) in urine. We acquired urine samples from 134 patients over the age ...
Richard Patrick P Department of Urology, Sherbrooke University, Québec, - - 2013
The pressure-flow study (PFS) is considered the gold standard for the detection of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in men. However, several studies have raised the possibility that transurethral catheterization might have an obstructive effect on PFS while others did not. To evaluate the effect of a 6 Fr transurethral catheter ...
Duckett Jonathan - - 2013
To assess whether specific changes in bladder neck morphology, caused by an anterior repair operation, are associated with resolution of overactive bladder and improved urinary flow rates. Sixty-four women with urgency documented on the urgency perception scale (UPS) underwent an anterior repair. Their preoperative flow studies were compared to those ...
Tölle Angelika - - 2013
Since differential expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been found to be highly associated with several types of cancer, the goal of the present study was to identify an miRNA fingerprint as a non‑invasive diagnostic tool to detect urinary bladder cancer using the easily accessible samples of whole blood and urine. ...
Kirpatovsky V I - - 2013
Acute urine retention is a frequent complication in patients with benign hyperplasia of the prostate gland. According to studies made on experimental animals and people, it is accompanied by the deterioration of the bladder blood supply. This study attempts to explore the relationship of intramural blood flow, production of reactive ...
Orélis-Ribeiro Raphael - - 2013
Abstract We emend the original generic diagnosis for Hyperandrotrema Maillard and Ktari, 1978 and redescribe its type species Hyperandrotrema cetorhini Maillard and Ktari, 1978 (Digenea: Aporocotylidae Odhner, 1912) based on the holotype and 2 paratypes collected from the heart of basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus). We also describe Hyperandrotrema walterboegeri Orélis-Ribeiro ...
Das Sayantana - - 2012
The hymen is a thin fold of mucous membrane situated at the orifice of the vagina, which normally perforates in the later stages of embryonic development. Failure to do so results in an imperforate hymen which in turn can lead to retained menstrual blood collecting within the vagina and uterus ...
Mine Shotarou - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of tamsulosin hydrochloride on blood flow in the submucosal capillaries of the bladder (SCB) in a rat model of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) using a pencil lens charge-coupled device microscopy system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BOO was established in rats by partial ligature of the proximal ...
Magari Tomohiro - - 2012
Abstract Objective. This study examined the effects of androgen deprivation on bladder blood flow (BBF) and bladder function during the acute phase in castrated rats. Material and methods. Nine-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into six groups as follows: 24 h post-sham-operation (24hPS), no operation (control), 24 h post-castration (24hPC), ...
Klomp A - - 2012
Assessment of cerebral serotonin (5-HT) function with arterial spin labelling (ASL)-based pharmacological Magnetic Resonance Imaging (phMRI) could be a highly useful tool in clinical psychiatric research. The goal of this study was to verify the reliability of ASL-based phMRI after an oral challenge of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) ...
Porteus Cosima S - - 2012
In fish, cells containing serotonin, ACh, catecholamines, NO, H(2)S, leu-5-enkephalin, met-5-enkephalin and neuropeptide Y are found in the gill filaments and lamellae. Serotonin containing neuroepithelial cells (NECs) located along the filament are most abundant and are the only group found in all fish studied to date. The presence of NECs ...
Pelster Bernd - - 2012
Storage of serotonin in teleost gill cells has been detected in neurons, polymorphous granular cells and in neuroepithelial cells. Innervation from the glossopharyngeal nerve (first gill arch) and the vagus nerve (all gill arches) carries afferent as well as efferent fibers. This innervation extends to the efferent filament artery, including ...
Wheeler Andrew P S - - 2012
We develop a new computational model of capillary-waves in free-jet flows, and apply this to the problem of urological diagnosis in this first ever study of the biophysics behind the characteristic shape of the urine stream as it exits the urethral meatus. The computational fluid dynamics model is used to ...
Saule I - - 2011
The management of massive haemorrhage with blood products is changing as evidence arrives from civilian and military trauma. Rapid early replacement of coagulation factors and platelets is now becoming central to improving outcome, usually given in higher ratios with respect to red cell units than previously recommended and using empiric ...
Davenport Ross - - 2011
The severely injured trauma patient often arrives in the emergency department bleeding, coagulopathic and in need of a blood transfusion. The diagnosis and management of these patients has vastly improved with a better understanding of acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC). In the emergency setting, traditional laboratory coagulation screens are of limited ...
Hannon Judith L - - 2011
The medical literature is replete with articles addressing the diagnosis and management of patients with a positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT). However, there is scant information addressing the management of blood donors and blood donations found to have a positive DAT. Practices vary considerably between countries and blood suppliers within ...
Nipatcharoen Panya - - 2011
Spontaneous cerebral spinal fluid leakage is increasingly recognized as a cause of headache due to low intracranial pressure. The site of leakage can be identified with radionuclide cisternography, and anesthesiologists are increasingly requested to provide epidural blood patch for their management. This series of case reports demonstrates some of the ...
Walsh Mark - - 2011
25-35% of all seriously injured multiple trauma patients are coagulopathic upon arrival to the emergency department, and therefore early diagnosis and intervention on this subset of patients is important. In addition to standard plasma based tests of coagulation, the thromboelastogram (TEG) has resurfaced as an ideal test in the trauma ...
Swider P - - 2012
Convective transports in the vertebral end plate (VEP) play a significant role in the homeostasis of the spine. A few studies hypothesised that the hydraulic resistance or effective permeability of the VEP could be dependant upon fluid-flow direction. Results were influenced by species, region of interest within the end plate ...
Cakmak Yusuf Özgur - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the usefulness of electroacupuncture (EA) for the management of menorrhagia due to submucous uterine fibroid. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 48-year-old woman with a symptomatic submucous uterine fibroid, who presented with severe menorrhagia. INTERVENTION(S): Electroacupuncture. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Doppler ultrasonographic assessment of uterine blood ...
Rebulla P - - 2011
On 31 May 2010, 14 072 567 bone marrow/apheresis donors registered in 44 countries and 426 501 cord blood units banked in 26 countries for public use were available to treat candidates to haemopoietic stem cell transplant lacking a family related compatible donor. Despite these impressive numbers, additional efforts are ...
Jaworska-Posadzy Anna A Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, - - 2011
The predictive value of residual disease measured by flow cytometry at day 15 of induction therapy was analyzed in 182 children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow were assessed for leukemia cells by morphology and flow cytometry at days 0, 8, and 15. Absolute ...
Jaipersad Tony S - - 2011
Transcranial Doppler has been used to identify microembolic signals before, during and after carotid endarterectomy, but 10% to 15% of patients are reported not to have suitable temporal bone window. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of transorbital Doppler monitoring of patients with absent temporal bone ...
Brown Nik - - 2011
This paper examines an emerging bioeconomy centred on the international banking and trade in cord blood. Since the late 1980s cord blood has been used in an expanding range of treatments and as an alternative to the use of bone marrow stem cells. This is particularly the case in treating ...
Medici Damian - - 2011
Comment on: Medici D, et al. Nat Med 2010; 16:1400-6.
Koizumi Takuya - - 2011
Calcium phosphate bone paste (CPP) has been recently introduced as a reconstructive material in craniofacial surgery. However, we observed that mixing of blood and CPP tended to interfere with CPP hardening. In addition, CPP mixed with blood tended to be absorbed postoperatively. Hence, we used a rabbit model and applied ...
Tyagi Neetu - - 2011
Elevated plasma levels of homocysteine (Hcy), known as hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), are associated with osteoporosis. A decrease in bone blood flow is a potential cause of compromised bone mechanical properties. Therefore, we hypothesized that HHcy decreases bone blood flow and biomechanical properties. To test this hypothesis, male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated ...
Trumbeckas Darius D Clinic of Urology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, - - 2011
To predict bladder outlet obstruction with parameters of non-invasive investigations for patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. A sample of 122 men with moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia was selected. Transrectal prostate ultrasound, free flow measurement, and transabdominal ultrasound for residual urine were ...
Grayson Warren L WL Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, - - 2011
There is a critical need to increase the size of bone grafts that can be cultured in vitro for use in regenerative medicine. Perfusion bioreactors have been used to improve the nutrient and gas transfer capabilities and reduce the size limitations inherent to static culture, as well as to modulate ...
Grayson Warren L - - 2010
There is a critical need to increase the size of bone grafts that can be cultured in vitro for use in regenerative medicine. Perfusion bioreactors have been used to improve the nutrient and gas transfer capabilities and reduce the size limitations inherent to static culture, as well as to modulate ...
Morris H L - - 2010
Matrix production by tissue-engineered bone is enhanced when the growing tissue is subjected to mechanical forces and/or fluid flow in bioreactor culture. Cells deposit collagen and mineral, depending upon the mechanical loading that they receive. However, the molecular mechanisms of flow-induced signal transduction in bone are poorly understood. The hyaluronan ...
Al-Saleh Iman - - 2011
Lead, cadmium and mercury were measured in placental tissue, umbilical cord and maternal blood samples of 1578 women who delivered at the Al-Kharj King Khalid Hospital between 2005 and 2006. The aim of this study was to evaluate the status of heavy metal exposure in mothers and their newborns and ...
Gómez-Ramírez P - - 2011
In order to biomonitor lead contamination in Southeastern Spain, 218 blood samples from 28 to 30-day old Eurasian Eagle Owl chicks (Bubo bubo) born between 2003 and 2007 were analysed. In general, mean lead levels showed that chicks were exposed to background concentrations. However, mean levels in chicks born in ...
Kang Hwan Goo - - 2010
Lead (Pb) concentrations in whole blood and δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) concentrations in plasma and whole blood from 37 cattle with suspected Pb exposure were determined in order to investigate the usefulness of ALA as a biological indicator for Pb poisoning in cattle. Cows were divided into 4 groups based on ...
Rekhadevi Perumalla Venkata - - 2010
Biomonitoring of exposure in workplaces has gained importance in evaluation of human health hazards. Since occupational exposure to petroleum hydrocarbons may have deleterious effects, genotoxicity risk among 200 fuel filling station attendants (FFSAs) and 200 matched controls was investigated. The probable genetic damage was determined by comet assay and micronucleus ...
Ikonomopoulou Maria P - - 2011
The blood and eggs of the flatback turtle (Natator depressus) sampled when nesting at Curtis Island, Queensland, Australia. In the blood, zinc was present at the highest concentration of 151.15 ± 1.45 μg/L followed by copper (7.74 ± 0.09 μg/L). Lead was found only in some individuals. The measured trace ...
Gundacker Claudia - - 2010
The heavy metals lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants with high neurotoxic potential. We aimed to compare perinatal Pb and Hg concentrations and to explore the potential association between Pb and Hg exposure and newborn anthropometry. Pregnant women were recruited in 2005 at the General Hospital Vienna ...
Jo Eun Mi - - 2010
This study was carried out for the purpose of evaluating the blood mercury concentration of the residents of Busan, Korea, as well as the relationship between the mercury concentration and the pattern of fish consumption along with other epidemiological factors. Two hundred ninety-three subjects (147 men and 146 women), who ...
Morton Jackie - - 2010
This study evaluated blood lead data (including zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) and haemoglobin levels) collected at the UK's Health and Safety Laboratory (HSL) in order to determine temporal changes in occupational exposure to lead between 1995 and 2007. A total of 20,889 blood lead measurements and accompanying ZPP and haemoglobin results ...
Bischoff Karyn - - 2010
The current study compared the LeadCare(R) II test kit system with graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry for blood lead (Pb) analysis in 56 cattle accidentally exposed to Pb in the field. Blood Pb concentrations were determined by LeadCare II within 4 hr of collection and after 72 hr of refrigeration. Blood ...
Naicker Nisha - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: One of the suggested, yet under-researched, causes of pubertal delay is lead exposure. In South Africa blood lead levels are generally higher than in resource-rich countries. Thus the effects of lead exposure on pubertal development may be significant. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the association ...
Fatima P - - 2010
Lead has for long been known to affect multiple organs and can affect reproduction in male and female as well as the offspring. The study was done to find out the level of lead in blood and semen of infertile men and to find its effect on the semen parameters, ...
Liang Feng - - 2010
Lead (Pb) is a highly toxic element to the human body. After phasing out of leaded gasoline we find that the blood lead level of children strongly correlates with the lead concentration in atmospheric particles, and the latter correlates with the coal consumption instead of leaded gasoline. Combined with the ...
Ikeda Masayuki - - 2011
Background levels of metals of toxicological or industrial importance have been reported for several populations in the world. The information on the levels of metals of industrial, occupational or clinical importance in blood of general Japanese populations is however still scarce. The objectives of the study were to establish background ...
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