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Results 551 - 600 of 1622
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Wilson Paul F - - 2002
We report measurements of residual vapour levels of xylenes and trimethylbenzenes, present following a floor re-surfacing procedure, using the technique of selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS). A subject exposed to controlled amounts of xylene and mesitylene was monitored by direct breath exhalation over a 4-hour period after exposure ...
Orlando Wendy - - 2002
The Total Cavopulmonary Connection (TCPC), a variant of the Fontan operation used for palliative cardiovascular repair of patients with single ventricle physiology, creates a passive system of blood flow into the pulmonary circulation for which energy efficiency may be critical to long term outcome. Clinical studies have shown that reverse ...
Strom Sean M - - 2002
Blood samples collected from adult and nestling American dippers (Cinclus mexicanus) along the Arkansas River (CO, USA), a stream impacted by discharges from historical mining operations, and a reference stream were analyzed for lead concentration and delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) activity. Median ALAD activities of adult and nestling dippers from ...
Verdina A - - 2001
The effect of some common metabolic polymorphisms on the rate of trans,trans-muconic acid (TMA) and S-phenylmercapturic acid (SPMA) excretion was investigated in 169 policemen exposed to low benzene levels (<10 microg/m3) during the work shift. End-shift urinary concentrations of TMA and SPMA, normalized to unmetabolized blood benzene concentration, were used ...
Tandon S K - - 2001
The refining of silver from old silver ornaments, articles and jeweller's waste by smelting these with lead scraps for the fabrication of new jewellery is an important small scale industry in India. The present survey and clinical investigations have shown that 31 out of 50 silver refiners with a mean ...
Belair C D - - 2001
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p- dioxin (TCDD, or dioxin) causes early life stage mortality in a variety of fish species. We have used the zebrafish (Danio rerio) to study the cardiovascular effects of TCDD treatment over the time course of zebrafish development. Early TCDD exposure (6 ng/ml) starting at 4 hr postfertilization (hpf) produced ...
Lee S S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study compares and contrasts associations of dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA)-chelatable lead, tibia lead, and blood lead with five hematopoietic outcomes and evaluates the effect modification of these relations by polymorphisms in the delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) and vitamin D receptor (VDR) genes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 798 lead ...
Neubert D - - 2001
Ambient air toluene concentrations as well as corresponding individual blood toluene levels were measured under conditions of a field trial, as basis for a correlation with possible acute effects. While the results of various psycho-physiological and medical evaluations after acute (Neubert et al., 2001) and long-term toluene exposure (Gericke et ...
Hsiao C Y - - 2001
The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between blood-lead levels (BLL), hematological, liver and renal indicators among workers in a lead battery factory in Taiwan over a 10-year period. Blood samples were taken periodically from 30 workers and BLL, HGB (hemoglobin), RBC (red blood cells), WBC (white ...
Mattuck R L - - 2001
Blood lead levels in children in the United States have declined through 1994, the date of the most recent National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. In this investigation, the authors analyzed whether blood lead levels have changed since 1994 and quantified the magnitude of any change. The authors evaluated blood ...
Khan A H - - 2001
The authors studied 53 girls (44.5%) and 66 (55.5%) boys in Karachi, Pakistan, to determine their blood lead levels. The association between blood lead levels/water lead levels and the possible risk factors and symptoms associated with lead toxicity was explored. The mean lead level for the entire group was 7.9 ...
Hamurcu Z - - 2001
Micronuclei (MN) in blood lymphocytes were determined in 31 male workers occupationally exposed to lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and cadmium (Cd) and 20 control workers matched for age and smoking habits. Exposed workers have higher MN mean values than control workers (p < 0.01). In exposed workers, blood Pb concentrations ...
Niemuth N A - - 2001
Investigators have conducted several studies to assess the effectiveness of lead hazard interventions in reducing children's blood lead levels. For practical and ethical reasons, many of these studies have not included control populations. It is, therefore, impossible for researchers to determine to what extent the reported decline in blood lead ...
Bollmann A - - 2001
The aim of this study was to determine the relation between (1) ECG fibrillatory wave amplitude and left atrial diameter and left atrial appendage (LAA) flow velocity using different ECG recording techniques, and (2) ECG fibrillatory frequency and frequency of LAA contractions in patients with nonrheumatic AF. In 36 patients ...
McNutt T K - - 2001
A 45-y-o male with a history of schizophrenia was admitted to a local VA psychiatric unit. Five days later, endoscopy due to abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding and blood hemoglobin of 5.6 g/dL revealed bullets in the stomach. On subsequent radiograph, > 50 bullets were visualized in the stomach and intestines. ...
Taylor L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: This project evaluated a portable electroanalytical instrument that is used to rapidly analyze blood lead levels in individuals, using a fresh whole blood sample (venous). METHODS: Samples were obtained from 208 lead-exposed employees who donated two 2 ml venous blood samples into "lead-free" evacuated tubes. One blood sample was ...
von Schirnding Y Y South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, W - - 2001
To determine blood lead levels among children attending schools in selected Cape Peninsula suburbs, and to assess the impact of a reduction in the lead content of petrol. A cross-sectional analytical study of children's blood lead levels and associated risk factors. Selected inner city, suburban, and peri-urban schools in the ...
Rumbeiha W K - - 2001
Lead poisoning in cattle and other food animals is of public health significance because of the potential for human exposure to lead through ingestion of contaminated meat and milk products derived from lead-poisoned animals. In Michigan, lead poisoning in livestock is a reportable disease, and positive cattle are quarantined until ...
Muramatsu Y - - 2001
In the Tokai-mura criticality accident, three workers were heavily exposed. Biological materials, such as blood, urine, vomit and hair, were collected from the workers and analyzed for radioactivities, produced by the neutron irradiation. Activation products. such as 24Na, -K and 82Br, were found in these materials by gamma-ray spectrometry. The ...
Suwansaksri J - - 2001
Lead is an important heavy metal used in many industrial processes. It plays an important role in the pathogenesis of both acute and chronic toxicity. Mechanics have a high risk of benzene exposure but tend to be a forgotten occupational group in Thailand. In this study, monitoring of lead exposure ...
Srivastava S - - 2001
As part of our program to investigate the possible role of environmental pollutants in the incidence of intrauterine-growth retardation (IUGR) in India, we determined the lead and zinc levels in mothers and neonatal blood, collected at parturition, in cases with normal and IUGR babies. Both maternal and cord blood lead ...
Orloff K G - - 2001
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) conducted biological testing to assess dioxin exposure in residents of a community who lived in an area with heavy chemical industry. Dioxin concentrations were measured in blood serum samples from 28 adult residents of the community. Fourteen of those tested had ...
Accurso V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Most subjects with blood/injury phobia experience syncope or presyncope as part of the phobic response. We tested the hypothesis that these subjects have a constitutional autonomic dysregulation that predisposes them to vasovagal syncope during head-up tilt. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 11 subjects (9 females, 2 males) who had ...
Birch J M - - 2001
The flow structure that is largely responsible for the good performance of insect wings has recently been identified as a leading-edge vortex. But because such vortices become detached from a wing in two-dimensional flow, an unknown mechanism must keep them attached to (three-dimensional) flapping wings. The current explanation, analogous to ...
Monteiro L R - - 2001
Methylmercury (MHg) kinetics, dose-response, excretion, and toxicity were experimentally evaluated and compared between small (one to two weeks old) and large (six to seven weeks old), free-living Cory's shearwater chicks. The half-time for the terminal elimination phase of MHg in blood (5.7 d) and the average percentage of ingested MHg ...
Todd A C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to examine some of the factors that influence tibia lead concentrations, tibia lead x-ray fluorescence measurement uncertainty and blood lead concentrations, and to compare tibia lead concentrations in Taiwanese lead workers to those observed in lead workers from other countries. METHODS: A pilot ...
Duydu Y - - 2001
Inorganic lead exposure was studied in 31 volunteers employed in storage battery plant. The genotoxicity of lead was measured in terms of sister chromatid exchange (SCE). Erythrocyte delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydrogenase (ALAD) activity, urinary delta-aminolevulinic acid (U-ALA), and blood lead levels (PbBs) were also determined to evaluate some possible relations between ...
Kitamura K - - 2001
Measurement of blood dioxin levels to monitor human exposure is tedious and expensive work, although high-resolution mass spectrometers equipped with high-resolution gas chromatography are becoming relatively common in Japan. The Ministry of Health and Welfare and the Environmental Agency require measurement of 17 dioxins, seven PCDDs and 10 PCDFs, according ...
Beck B D - - 2001
This presentation describes the development of a prototype Monte Carlo module for the physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for lead, created by Dr Ellen O'Flaherty. The module uses distributions for the following: exposure parameters (soil and dust concentrations, daily soil and ingestion rate, water lead concentration, water ingestion rate, air lead ...
Mortada W I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Traffic policemen are the most exposed population to lead (Pb) from automobile exhaust. There has been increasing concern about the possible harmful effects of Pb from automobile exhaust on health of traffic policemen. However, no such study was concerned with the impact of Pb exposure on renal function among ...
Bulleova S - - 2001
Although blood bank blood is usually screened for dangerous pathogens, the presence of toxic metals in blood has received little attention. Population blood lead levels have been declining in the United States, but occasional high outliers in blood lead concentration can be found--even when mean levels of blood lead are ...
Béliveau M - - 2001
The objective of the present study was to determine the rat blood:air partition coefficients (P(b:a)) of chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform present in vitro individually or as mixtures. The experimentally determined P(b:a) of chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform present individually corresponded to (mean +/- SD, n = 8) 21.3 +/- ...
Iregren A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible neurotoxic effects in groups of aluminium pot room and foundry workers, aluminium welders, and a small group of workers exposed to aluminium in the production of flake powder. METHODS: Exposure to aluminium was evaluated with aluminium concentrations in blood and urine as well as a questionnaire. ...
Chen C - - 2001
Tofu is a commonly consumed food in China. Tofu may interfere with lead absorption and retention because of its high calcium content. In this observational study, the authors examined whether dietary tofu intake was associated with blood lead levels among young adults in Shenyang, China. The analyses included 605 men ...
Mira E - - 2001
A short profile of betahistine and its activity in treatment of Menière's disease and other forms of peripheral vertigo is presented. The clinical efficacy of betahistine is documented by a series of more than twenty controlled clinical studies, performed in the years 1966-2000. Basic researches initially proved that bethaistine acts ...
Pamphlett R - - 2001
Toxic and essential metals have been implicated in the pathogenesis of sporadic motor neuron disease (SMND), but attempts to measure blood levels of these metals have led to contradictory results. We, therefore, measured blood levels of various metals using paired SMND/controls. In 20 subjects with SMND (15 males, five females, ...
Mead P E - - 2001
Hematopoietic stem cells are derived from ventral mesoderm during vertebrate development. Gene targeting experiments in the mouse have demonstrated key roles for the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor SCL and the GATA-binding protein GATA-1 in hematopoiesis. When overexpressed in Xenopus animal cap explants, SCL and GATA-1 are each capable of specifying ...
Hadjiconstantinou M - - 2001
Evidence indicates that the actions of nerve growth factor (NGF) reach beyond the nervous system and might modulate immune function. Based on reports that blood NGF rises following the acute stress of parachute jumping, we investigated whether exposure to a chronic stressor, caregiving for a cognitively impaired spouse, could alter ...
Wenker M A - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to assess the interindividual variation in styrene toxicokinetics and to correlate this variation with the individual metabolic capacity for cytochrome P450 (CYP), CYP2E1, CYP1A2 and CYP2D6. Twenty male volunteers were exposed on separate occasions to 104+/-3 and 360+/-20 mg/m3 of styrene for 1 ...
Bray R C - - 2001
Failed meniscal healing may lead to degenerative osteoarthritis of the knee. Healing is thought to be dependent upon an adequate blood supply, yet "normal" vascular changes during healing are not well understood. In this study we have quantified vasoactive and angiogenic responses to medial meniscal injury in a rabbit model ...
Rosenman K D - - 2001
The usefulness of a statewide laboratory-based blood lead surveillance system to initiate workplace enforcement inspections was studied. In particular, the effectiveness of inspection of companies in which at least one worker had a blood lead level (BLL) 30-39 microg/dL but no greater than 39 microg/dL was considered. The surveillance system ...
Kaufman A S - - 2001
This paper addresses the points raised by five groups of scientists who were invited to respond to my article on the relationship of low blood lead to IQ loss. I dealt with these comments as a scientist who believes that the case is not closed on this topic, as some ...
Cominos X - - 2001
A fast and efficient procedure has been developed for the analysis of total mercury in human tissues and blood using a hydride vapor generator system coupled to an atomic absorption spectrometer (HVG-AA). Tissue and blood samples were digested in a pressurized microwave decomposition system and the digest diluted prior to ...
Woodbury B L - - 2001
This paper compares the operation of a traditional single-stage system with a two-stage, reversible flow biodenitrification system for removing nitrates from drinking water. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of these two-stage systems to remove nitrate and residual organics from treated water as compared to single-stage ...
Dwivedi S K - - 2001
Varying degrees of lead (Pb) poisoning was recorded in cows and buffaloes near a primary lead-zinc smelter in India. Affected animals had history of clinical signs characterized by head pressing, violent movement, blindness and salivation. These animals revealed considerably high lead levels in blood (1.43 +/- 0.07 ppm) and milk ...
Toribara T Y - - 2001
Utilizing information obtained from the X-ray fluorescence linear scanning along a single strand of hair in a recent fatal exposure to dimethylmercury, it was possible to determine the circumstances leading to the fatal result. When the Dartmouth chemistry professor displayed symptoms of mercury toxicity, samples of her urine and blood ...
Hirano T - - 2001
We analyze the second Fourier coefficient v(2) of the pion azimuthal distribution in noncentral heavy-ion collisions in a relativistic hydrodynamic model. The exact treatment of the decay kinematics of resonances leads to almost vanishing azimuthal anisotropy of pions near the midrapidity, while the matter elliptic flow is in plane at ...
Lalor G - - 2001
Blood lead levels are reported for a total of 421 schoolchildren in 13 schools in rural and urban environments in Jamaica, including one highly contaminated community. In the rural areas blood lead levels ranged from 3 to 28.5 microg dl(-1), with a median of 9.2 microg dl(-1); the range and ...
Henderson R F - - 2001
The carcinogenicity of 1,3-butadiene (BD) varies greatly in the rodent species in which 2-year bioassay studies were completed. This raises the question of whether the risk of BD exposure in humans is more like that of the sensitive species, the mouse, or more like that of the resistant species, the ...
Lim Y C - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: We studied the relationship between renal dysfunction and occupational lead exposure in a local factory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a cohort component was conducted with 55 male workers of a factory producing PVC stabilisers as subjects. Workers from this factory have been followed up with 6-monthly ...
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