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Wallenstein Matthew B MB Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To explore the association between red blood cell transfusion and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in a neonatal intensive care unit with liberal transfusion practices. A retrospective cohort study was conducted for all infants weighing <1500 g who received at least 1 packed red blood cell transfusion between January 2008 and June 2013 ...
Hwang Yaw-Huei YH Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, - - 2014
The growth and intellectual development of children less than 6 years old may be affected by exposure to low levels of lead. To further reduce environmental lead exposure, this study examined possible household-related factors that affect the blood lead levels of Taiwanese children. In total, based on a stratified random sampling ...
Baeyens Willy W Department of Analytical, Environmental and Geochemistry (AMGC), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Flemish Centre for Environment and Health started with human biomonitoring in 2002 (FLEHS I: 2002-2006). The main goal of the second human biomonitoring cycle (FLEHS II: 2007-2011), was to determine mean values for a large number of pollutants in a representative sample of the general Flemish population. Values for ...
Crompton Kylie E KE Developmental Disability & Rehabilitation Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Umbilical cord blood may have therapeutic benefit in children with cerebral palsy (CP), but further studies are required. On first appearance it seems that Australia is well placed for such a trial because we have excellence in CP research backed by extensive CP registers, and both public and private cord ...
Agnihotri Naveen N Blood Bank, Department of Transfusion Medicine, Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, Delhi, - - 2014
Red blood cell (RBC) transfusions are given as "number of units" without considering the haemoglobin (Hb) content of these units. Donor factors influencing Hb level in whole blood donors and, ultimately, in RBC units have not been studied. Donor data for a period of 1.5 years were retrospectively analysed and ...
Koerner John D JD 1Thomas Jefferson University/Rothman Institute 2Rutgers University-New Jersey Medical School 3Medstar Georgetown University - - 2014
Study Design. Retrospective uncontrolled case seriesObjective. The purpose of this study was to determine the association, if any, between intraoperative blood loss and need for transfusion with the use of periapical (Ponte) osteotomies, as well as other patient and surgical variables amongst patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) undergoing posterior ...
Lee Byung-Kook BK Korean Industrial Health Association, Seoul, South - - 2014
Discrepancies have been reported in the relationships between iron and cadmium concentrations. The distribution of blood cadmium concentrations was assessed in a representative sample of Korean adolescents participating in the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-2011, and the association between blood cadmium and iron concentrations was determined. ...
Zhang Jing J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, P.R. - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive endocrinology disease, however, an explicit etiology is not known. Insulin resistance (IR) appears to be central to the pathogenesis of PCOS and inflammation may be significant in the pathogenesis of IR in PCOS. The aims of the present study were to investigate ...
Tanoglu Alpaslan A Department of Gastroenterology, GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital, 34668, Uskudar, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
We read with interest the recent article 'The relationship of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio with gastrointestinal bleeding in Henoch-Schonlein purpura' by Makay et al. (Rheumatol Int. doi: 10.1007/s00296-014-2986-2 , 2014). In their study, researchers aimed to evaluate the relationship between blood neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and gastrointestinal bleeding in children with ...
Rocha Natalia G NG Integrative Vascular Biology Laboratory, Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309; Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Fluminense Federal University, Niteroi, RJ, - - 2014
To determine whether endothelin (ET)-1 vasoconstrictor tone is greater in overweight and obese adults with the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Forty overweight/obese middle-aged and older adults (age: 43-71 years; BMI: 25.1-36.9 kg/m(2)) were studied: 20 without MetS (13 M/7 F) and 20 with MetS (13 M/7 F). MetS was established according ...
Acker Shannon N SN From the Department of Pediatric Surgery (S.N.A., D.A.P., J.T.R., N.A.N., D.D.B.), Children's Hospital Colorado; and Department of Surgery, Surgical Outcomes and Applied Research (M.B.), University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora; and Department of Surgery (D.D.B.), Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, - - 2014
Blood transfusion has been associated with worse outcomes in adult trauma patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the effects in injured children have not been evaluated. We hypothesize that blood transfusion is also associated with worse outcomes in children with TBI. A retrospective review of the trauma database at ...
Vuong Jennifer J Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, - - 2014
Body mass index (BMI), the prevalent indicator of obesity, is not easily grasped by patients nor physicians. Waist circumference (WC) is correlated to obesity, is better understood and has a stronger relationship to the metabolic syndrome. We compiled WC, complete blood count (CBC) parameters as well as other pertinent data ...
Zhu Lin - - 2014
Field-collected female Psorophora howardii (Coquillett), Psorophora ciliate (F.), and Psorophora ferox (Humboltd) mosquitoes were tested in laboratory conditions to measure body size, blood engorgement duration, bloodmeal size, fecundity, and egg morphology. Mean bloodmeal size was significantly different among the three species of mosquitoes, whereas there was no difference in blood ...
Brito Margarida Dantas MD Clinical Hematology, Instituto Português Hematologia, Porto, - - 2014
Histiocytic Sarcoma is a very rare entity. Also, in this particular case of a two year old child, the clinical presentation is even more uncommon as huge and atypical cells were found circulating in peripheral blood. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Honka Henri H Turku PET Centre, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
Context Glucolipotoxicity is believed to induce pancreatic β-cell dysfunction in obesity. Previously, it has not been possible to study pancreatic metabolism and blood flow in humans. Objective The objective of the study was to investigate whether pancreatic metabolism and blood flow are altered in obesity using positron emission tomography (PET). ...
Faraoni David D From the Department of Anaesthesiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Brugmann - Queen Fabiola Children's University Hospital, Free University of Brussels (DF, ADV, PVDL), Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Queen Fabiola Children's University Hospital, Brussels, Belgium (AW), Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, International Hospital Medpark, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova (VS), and Department of Cardiac Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Brugmann - Queen Fabiola Children's University Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium - - 2014
Fibrinogen supplementation is increasingly recommended with the use of rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM). However, data regarding the paediatric population are sparse. We aimed to assess the relationship between plasma fibrinogen concentration and postoperative blood loss in children undergoing cardiac surgery. Retrospective analysis. Data prospectively recorded in our departmental database between September ...
Li Ning N School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica 49(#); Key Laboratory of Structure-Based Drug Design and Discovery (Shenyang Pharmaceutical University), Ministry of Education, Wenhua Road 103, Shenyang 110016, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dragon's blood has been used as a famous traditional medicine since ancient times by many cultures. It is a deep red resin, obtained from more than 20 different species of four distinct genera. Red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis S. C. Chen, known as Chinese Dragon's Blood or Yunnan Dragon's Blood, ...
Cho Kae Won KW Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
Within adipose tissue, multiple leukocyte interactions contribute to metabolic homeostasis in health as well as to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance with obesity. Adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) are the predominant leukocyte population in fat and contribute to obesity-induced inflammation. Characterization of ATMs and other leukocytes in the stromal vascular fraction ...
Bakker Mireille J - - 2014
The contribution of cerebrovascular function to cognitive performance is gaining increased attention. Transcranial doppler (TCD) is portable, reliable, inexpensive and extremely well tolerated by young and clinical samples. It enables measurement of blood flow velocity in major cerebral arteries at rest and during cognitive tasks. We systematically reviewed evidence for ...
Miao Yu-Liang YL Anesthesia and Operation Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, P.R. China; Department of Anesthesiology, Chinese PLA No. 306 Hospital, Beijing, P.R. - - 2014
Posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion surgery in school-aged children and adolescents is associated with the potential for massive intraoperative blood loss, which requires significant allogeneic blood transfusion. Until now, the intraoperative use of the cell saver has been extensively adopted; however, its efficacy and cost-effectiveness have not been well established. ...
Moses Pamela P Department of Psychology, San Diego State University San Diego, CA, - - 2014
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become a premiere technique for studying the development and neural mediation of a wide range of typical and atypical behaviors in children. While the mechanism of the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI signal has been a focus of investigation in the mature brain, it ...
Dorrance Anne M - - 2014
The incidence of obesity in the population is increasing at an alarming rate, with this comes an increased risk of insulin resistance (IR). Obesity and IR increase an individual's risk of having a stroke and they have been linked to several forms of dementia. Stroke and dementia are associated with, ...
Manens J J Department for Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, - - 2013
Few studies show the detrimental effect of canine obesity on cardiopulmonary function (CPF). The 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) is a noninvasive exercise test easy to perform in clinical settings. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of obesity and body weight loss (BWL) on CPF assessed by ...
Vrijens Jan J Department of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry (ANCH), Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2013
In the Flemish human biomonitoring programme FLEHS II (2007-2011) trace metals (Cd, Pb, Cr, Ni, Cu, Mn, Tl, Sb, As and toxic relevant arsenic) were analysed in the blood and urine of adolescents (14-15 years old) in the reference population in Flanders and in areas of important industrial activities: Genk-Zuid ...
Yoo Jae Young - - 2013
OBJECTIVEThe objectives of this study were to compare early predictive marker of the metabolic syndrome with proopiomelanocortin (POMC) methylation status and to determine the association between birth weight, ponderal index and cord blood methylation status.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSWe collected pregnancy outcome data from pregnant women, cord blood samples at delivery, ...
Ferretti G - - 2013
Abstract Objective Obesity and / or psychopathological disorders of parents represent risk factors for childhood obesity. The aim of the study was to investigate the link between obesity in pregnancy and oxidative stress. Methods. Venous blood was collected from 37 women at the eighth month of gestation (19 obese e ...
Thompson Mark E - - 2013
Blood loss in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who are undergoing posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion (PSIF) varies greatly. The reason for this wide range is not clear. There are reports of unexpected massive hemorrhage during these surgeries. Many studies reflect authors' preferences for describing blood loss in terms ...
Kim Yeowon A - - 2013
Apheresis refers to the removal of a component of the blood and is performed using a group of medical technologies in which peripheral blood is processed by an instrument that separates the various components. The selected component is isolated while the remainder is returned to the patient. The rationale behind ...
Reidpath Daniel D - - 2013
Measures of central adiposity are better predictors of adverse health events than BMI. Nonetheless, BMI is more widely used in health research. One reason for this may be the limited research supporting the self-measurement of waist and hip circumference. The lack of validity studies is particularly acute in Asia. The ...
Duncan A F - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Understanding the relationship between brain and behavior in early childhood requires a probe of functional brain development. We report the first large study of regional CBF by use of arterial spin-labeling in young children.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Cerebral blood flow by use of arterial spin-labeling was measured in 61 healthy ...
Piotto Daniela Gerent Petry - - 2013
Objectives. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the dynamic behaviour of digital skin microvascular blood flow before and after cold stimulation using laser Doppler imaging (LDI) in children and adolescents with RP secondary to juvenile systemic sclerosis (JSS), primary RP (PRP) and healthy controls and to compare functional ...
Gulson Brian - - 2013
As part of the only national survey of lead in Australian children, which was undertaken in 1996, lead isotopic and lead concentration measurements were obtained from children from 24 dwellings whose blood lead levels were ≥15µg/dL in an attempt to determine the source(s) of their elevated blood lead. Comparisons were ...
Ojo Joshua O - - 2013
Blood levels of the elements Cu, Zn, Se, As, Cd, Hg, and Pb have been determined in 62 Nigerian women who were occupationally exposed to vehicular pollution. Mercury was determined using a direct mercury analyzer, while all the other elements were determined by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer system. ...
Yu Xiao-Wei - - 2013
To investigate total blood loss (TBL), intraoperative blood loss (IBL), post-operative drainage (POD), and other related variables in total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed through direct lateral approach. This study was completed in Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China, between January and December 2010. We analyzed 113 patients treated by THA ...
Gupta Sharat - - 2013
Anthropometric and socioeconomic factors are known to influence peak expiratory flow rate, but the effect of altitude has not been established decisively, due to conflicting results of various studies. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of altitude on peak expiratory flow rate of healthy school children. A cross-sectional ...
Zeng Xun - - 2013
Obesity may exert a negative effect on in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. However, the effect of obesity on the endometrium remains unknown. This study was designed to assess the effect of isolated body mass index (BMI) on endometrial blood supply in non-polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women during ...
Pedrosa Anna K K V - - 2013
To analyze the profile of blood transfusion reactions in children and to identify the involved factors. This was a cross-sectional study in a tertiary pediatric teaching hospital from the public healthcare system, involving all children admitted from January to July of 2011 (5,437), of which 1,226 received blood transfusions, constituting ...
Lee Cara Beth - - 2013
Background: Acetabular dysplasia is a common cause of hip pain that can lead to osteoarthritis. Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an effective procedure to treat symptomatic dysplasia in properly selected patients.Purpose: This study aims to determine patient or perioperative variables that are predictive of blood loss (EBL) and postoperative haematocrit (HCT) ...
Ialenti Marc N - - 2013
: Patient and surgical factors are known to influence operative blood loss in spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), but have only been loosely identified. To date, there are no established recommendations to guide decisions to predonate autologous blood, and the current practice is based primarily on surgeon preference. ...
Zang Liqing - - 2013
Abstract Collecting blood from laboratory animals is necessary for a wide variety of scientific studies, but the small size of the zebrafish makes this common procedure challenging. We developed a novel, minimally invasive method to collect repeated blood samples from adult zebrafish. This method minimizes trauma to the zebrafish and ...
Sañudo Borja - - 2013
This study aimed at examined the effect of a 12-week whole body vibration (WBV) training program on leg blood flow and body composition in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Forty participants were randomly assigned to either a WBV training group (WBV; n = 20) or usual-care control group (CON; n = 20). ...
Lefrère Jean-Jacques - - 2013
The representation of blood transfusion and donation of blood in the comic strip has never been studied. The comic strip, which is a relatively recent art, emerged in the 19th century before becoming a mass medium during the 20th century. We have sought, by calling on collectors and using the ...
Safa S S Department of Animal Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi, - - 2013
To determine the effects of dry period (DP) length on milk yield, milk composition, some blood metabolites, complete blood count (CBC), body weight and score and follicular status, twenty five primiparous and multiparous Holstein cows were assigned to a completely randomized design with DP-60 (n = 13) and DP-20 (n ...
Usang Usang E - - 2013
Background: Performing major surgery in a child demands that blood is cross-matched and saved to be transfused as indicated. Because the cost of cross-matching and donation of blood can be enormous and may equal or surpass the cost of surgery in our setting, it is pertinent to evaluate its utilization. ...
Breijo M - - 2013
The burden of infestation of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Muscidae), differs among bovines within the same herd. We hypothesized that these differences might be related to the epidermal thickness of the cattle and the blood intake capacity of the fly. Results showed that dark animals carried more ...
Smorgick Yossi - - 2013
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Posterior spine fusion is associated with significant intra- and postoperative blood losses. When referring to the total blood loss during spine surgery, the standard is to measure the intraoperative bleeding plus the postoperative drainage. This ignores the "hidden" blood loss that was found to be significant in other fields ...
Kwatra Neha - - 2013
The usefulness of whole-body blood pool imaging as part of Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP) skeletal scintigraphy in detection of marrow infiltrative processes and unexpected soft-tissue and visceral abnormalities is demonstrated via illustrative case examples. Technical aspects of this simple and fast scanning technique are also highlighted.
Zacho Helle Damgaard HD Department of Clinical Physiology, Viborg Regional Hospital, 8800 Viborg, Denmark. - - 2013
To determine the splanchnic blood flow and oxygen uptake in healthy-subjects and patients and to relate the findings to body-composition. The total splanchnic blood flow (SBF) and oxygen uptake (SO₂U) were measured in 20 healthy volunteers (10 women) and 29 patients with suspected chronic intestinal ischemia (15 women), age 40-85 ...
Harris Tyler J - - 2013
We present this preliminary investigation into the safety and feasibility of endovascular therapy for morbid obesity in a swine model. A flow-limiting, balloon-expandable covered stent was placed in the superior mesenteric artery of three Yorkshire swine after femoral arterial cutdown. The pigs were monitored for between 15 and 51 days after ...
Song Guodong - - 2013
Surgical correction of craniosynostosis in children is associated with substantial intraoperative bleeding. Intraoperatively administered tranexamic acid (TXA) can lessen blood loss during orthopedic and cardiovascular surgery, but its efficacy in craniosynostosis surgery is uncertain. Therefore, a meta-analysis performed with published comparative studies was to determine whether TXA could reduce packed ...
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