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Acker Shannon N SN From the Department of Pediatric Surgery (S.N.A., D.A.P., J.T.R., N.A.N., D.D.B.), Children's Hospital Colorado; and Department of Surgery, Surgical Outcomes and Applied Research (M.B.), University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora; and Department of Surgery (D.D.B.), Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, - - 2014
Blood transfusion has been associated with worse outcomes in adult trauma patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the effects in injured children have not been evaluated. We hypothesize that blood transfusion is also associated with worse outcomes in children with TBI. A retrospective review of the trauma database at ...
Vuong Jennifer J Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, - - 2014
Body mass index (BMI), the prevalent indicator of obesity, is not easily grasped by patients nor physicians. Waist circumference (WC) is correlated to obesity, is better understood and has a stronger relationship to the metabolic syndrome. We compiled WC, complete blood count (CBC) parameters as well as other pertinent data ...
Zhu Lin - - 2014
Field-collected female Psorophora howardii (Coquillett), Psorophora ciliate (F.), and Psorophora ferox (Humboltd) mosquitoes were tested in laboratory conditions to measure body size, blood engorgement duration, bloodmeal size, fecundity, and egg morphology. Mean bloodmeal size was significantly different among the three species of mosquitoes, whereas there was no difference in blood ...
Brito Margarida Dantas MD Clinical Hematology, Instituto Português Hematologia, Porto, - - 2014
Histiocytic Sarcoma is a very rare entity. Also, in this particular case of a two year old child, the clinical presentation is even more uncommon as huge and atypical cells were found circulating in peripheral blood. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Honka Henri H Turku PET Centre, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
Context Glucolipotoxicity is believed to induce pancreatic β-cell dysfunction in obesity. Previously, it has not been possible to study pancreatic metabolism and blood flow in humans. Objective The objective of the study was to investigate whether pancreatic metabolism and blood flow are altered in obesity using positron emission tomography (PET). ...
Faraoni David D From the Department of Anaesthesiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Brugmann - Queen Fabiola Children's University Hospital, Free University of Brussels (DF, ADV, PVDL), Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Queen Fabiola Children's University Hospital, Brussels, Belgium (AW), Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, International Hospital Medpark, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova (VS), and Department of Cardiac Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Brugmann - Queen Fabiola Children's University Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium - - 2014
Fibrinogen supplementation is increasingly recommended with the use of rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM). However, data regarding the paediatric population are sparse. We aimed to assess the relationship between plasma fibrinogen concentration and postoperative blood loss in children undergoing cardiac surgery. Retrospective analysis. Data prospectively recorded in our departmental database between September ...
Li Ning N School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica 49(#); Key Laboratory of Structure-Based Drug Design and Discovery (Shenyang Pharmaceutical University), Ministry of Education, Wenhua Road 103, Shenyang 110016, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dragon's blood has been used as a famous traditional medicine since ancient times by many cultures. It is a deep red resin, obtained from more than 20 different species of four distinct genera. Red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis S. C. Chen, known as Chinese Dragon's Blood or Yunnan Dragon's Blood, ...
Cho Kae Won KW Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
Within adipose tissue, multiple leukocyte interactions contribute to metabolic homeostasis in health as well as to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance with obesity. Adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) are the predominant leukocyte population in fat and contribute to obesity-induced inflammation. Characterization of ATMs and other leukocytes in the stromal vascular fraction ...
Bakker Mireille J - - 2014
The contribution of cerebrovascular function to cognitive performance is gaining increased attention. Transcranial doppler (TCD) is portable, reliable, inexpensive and extremely well tolerated by young and clinical samples. It enables measurement of blood flow velocity in major cerebral arteries at rest and during cognitive tasks. We systematically reviewed evidence for ...
Miao Yu-Liang YL Anesthesia and Operation Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, P.R. China; Department of Anesthesiology, Chinese PLA No. 306 Hospital, Beijing, P.R. - - 2014
Posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion surgery in school-aged children and adolescents is associated with the potential for massive intraoperative blood loss, which requires significant allogeneic blood transfusion. Until now, the intraoperative use of the cell saver has been extensively adopted; however, its efficacy and cost-effectiveness have not been well established. ...
Manens J J Department for Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, - - 2013
Few studies show the detrimental effect of canine obesity on cardiopulmonary function (CPF). The 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) is a noninvasive exercise test easy to perform in clinical settings. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of obesity and body weight loss (BWL) on CPF assessed by ...
Vrijens Jan J Department of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry (ANCH), Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2013
In the Flemish human biomonitoring programme FLEHS II (2007-2011) trace metals (Cd, Pb, Cr, Ni, Cu, Mn, Tl, Sb, As and toxic relevant arsenic) were analysed in the blood and urine of adolescents (14-15 years old) in the reference population in Flanders and in areas of important industrial activities: Genk-Zuid ...
Yoo Jae Young - - 2013
OBJECTIVEThe objectives of this study were to compare early predictive marker of the metabolic syndrome with proopiomelanocortin (POMC) methylation status and to determine the association between birth weight, ponderal index and cord blood methylation status.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSWe collected pregnancy outcome data from pregnant women, cord blood samples at delivery, ...
Ferretti G - - 2013
Abstract Objective Obesity and / or psychopathological disorders of parents represent risk factors for childhood obesity. The aim of the study was to investigate the link between obesity in pregnancy and oxidative stress. Methods. Venous blood was collected from 37 women at the eighth month of gestation (19 obese e ...
Thompson Mark E - - 2013
Blood loss in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who are undergoing posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion (PSIF) varies greatly. The reason for this wide range is not clear. There are reports of unexpected massive hemorrhage during these surgeries. Many studies reflect authors' preferences for describing blood loss in terms ...
Kim Yeowon A - - 2013
Apheresis refers to the removal of a component of the blood and is performed using a group of medical technologies in which peripheral blood is processed by an instrument that separates the various components. The selected component is isolated while the remainder is returned to the patient. The rationale behind ...
Reidpath Daniel D - - 2013
Measures of central adiposity are better predictors of adverse health events than BMI. Nonetheless, BMI is more widely used in health research. One reason for this may be the limited research supporting the self-measurement of waist and hip circumference. The lack of validity studies is particularly acute in Asia. The ...
Duncan A F - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Understanding the relationship between brain and behavior in early childhood requires a probe of functional brain development. We report the first large study of regional CBF by use of arterial spin-labeling in young children.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Cerebral blood flow by use of arterial spin-labeling was measured in 61 healthy ...
Piotto Daniela Gerent Petry - - 2013
Objectives. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the dynamic behaviour of digital skin microvascular blood flow before and after cold stimulation using laser Doppler imaging (LDI) in children and adolescents with RP secondary to juvenile systemic sclerosis (JSS), primary RP (PRP) and healthy controls and to compare functional ...
Gulson Brian - - 2013
As part of the only national survey of lead in Australian children, which was undertaken in 1996, lead isotopic and lead concentration measurements were obtained from children from 24 dwellings whose blood lead levels were ≥15µg/dL in an attempt to determine the source(s) of their elevated blood lead. Comparisons were ...
Ojo Joshua O - - 2013
Blood levels of the elements Cu, Zn, Se, As, Cd, Hg, and Pb have been determined in 62 Nigerian women who were occupationally exposed to vehicular pollution. Mercury was determined using a direct mercury analyzer, while all the other elements were determined by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer system. ...
Yu Xiao-Wei - - 2013
To investigate total blood loss (TBL), intraoperative blood loss (IBL), post-operative drainage (POD), and other related variables in total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed through direct lateral approach. This study was completed in Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China, between January and December 2010. We analyzed 113 patients treated by THA ...
Gupta Sharat - - 2013
Anthropometric and socioeconomic factors are known to influence peak expiratory flow rate, but the effect of altitude has not been established decisively, due to conflicting results of various studies. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of altitude on peak expiratory flow rate of healthy school children. A cross-sectional ...
Zeng Xun - - 2013
Obesity may exert a negative effect on in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. However, the effect of obesity on the endometrium remains unknown. This study was designed to assess the effect of isolated body mass index (BMI) on endometrial blood supply in non-polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women during ...
Pedrosa Anna K K V - - 2013
To analyze the profile of blood transfusion reactions in children and to identify the involved factors. This was a cross-sectional study in a tertiary pediatric teaching hospital from the public healthcare system, involving all children admitted from January to July of 2011 (5,437), of which 1,226 received blood transfusions, constituting ...
Lee Cara Beth - - 2013
Background: Acetabular dysplasia is a common cause of hip pain that can lead to osteoarthritis. Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an effective procedure to treat symptomatic dysplasia in properly selected patients.Purpose: This study aims to determine patient or perioperative variables that are predictive of blood loss (EBL) and postoperative haematocrit (HCT) ...
Ialenti Marc N - - 2013
: Patient and surgical factors are known to influence operative blood loss in spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), but have only been loosely identified. To date, there are no established recommendations to guide decisions to predonate autologous blood, and the current practice is based primarily on surgeon preference. ...
Zang Liqing - - 2013
Abstract Collecting blood from laboratory animals is necessary for a wide variety of scientific studies, but the small size of the zebrafish makes this common procedure challenging. We developed a novel, minimally invasive method to collect repeated blood samples from adult zebrafish. This method minimizes trauma to the zebrafish and ...
Sañudo Borja - - 2013
This study aimed at examined the effect of a 12-week whole body vibration (WBV) training program on leg blood flow and body composition in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Forty participants were randomly assigned to either a WBV training group (WBV; n = 20) or usual-care control group (CON; n = 20). ...
Lefrère Jean-Jacques - - 2013
The representation of blood transfusion and donation of blood in the comic strip has never been studied. The comic strip, which is a relatively recent art, emerged in the 19th century before becoming a mass medium during the 20th century. We have sought, by calling on collectors and using the ...
Usang Usang E - - 2013
Background: Performing major surgery in a child demands that blood is cross-matched and saved to be transfused as indicated. Because the cost of cross-matching and donation of blood can be enormous and may equal or surpass the cost of surgery in our setting, it is pertinent to evaluate its utilization. ...
Breijo M - - 2013
The burden of infestation of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Muscidae), differs among bovines within the same herd. We hypothesized that these differences might be related to the epidermal thickness of the cattle and the blood intake capacity of the fly. Results showed that dark animals carried more ...
Smorgick Yossi - - 2013
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Posterior spine fusion is associated with significant intra- and postoperative blood losses. When referring to the total blood loss during spine surgery, the standard is to measure the intraoperative bleeding plus the postoperative drainage. This ignores the "hidden" blood loss that was found to be significant in other fields ...
Kwatra Neha - - 2013
The usefulness of whole-body blood pool imaging as part of Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP) skeletal scintigraphy in detection of marrow infiltrative processes and unexpected soft-tissue and visceral abnormalities is demonstrated via illustrative case examples. Technical aspects of this simple and fast scanning technique are also highlighted.
Zacho Helle Damgaard - - 2013
To determine the splanchnic blood flow and oxygen uptake in healthy-subjects and patients and to relate the findings to body-composition. The total splanchnic blood flow (SBF) and oxygen uptake (SO(2)U) were measured in 20 healthy volunteers (10 women) and 29 patients with suspected chronic intestinal ischemia (15 women), age 40-85 ...
Harris Tyler J - - 2013
We present this preliminary investigation into the safety and feasibility of endovascular therapy for morbid obesity in a swine model. A flow-limiting, balloon-expandable covered stent was placed in the superior mesenteric artery of three Yorkshire swine after femoral arterial cutdown. The pigs were monitored for between 15 and 51 days after ...
Song Guodong - - 2013
Surgical correction of craniosynostosis in children is associated with substantial intraoperative bleeding. Intraoperatively administered tranexamic acid (TXA) can lessen blood loss during orthopedic and cardiovascular surgery, but its efficacy in craniosynostosis surgery is uncertain. Therefore, a meta-analysis performed with published comparative studies was to determine whether TXA could reduce packed ...
Ferreira Lisianny Camilla Cocri do Nascimento - - 2013
An excess of weight including obesity have reached epidemic rates in all age groups, both in developed and developing countries. It is notable that overweight children and adolescents have a higher likelihood of becoming obese adults and to present health-related problems early in life. To verify associations of the lipid ...
Lau Eric H Y EH The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, - - 2013
In Hong Kong, thalassemia major (TM) patients utilized up to 9.5% of blood supply in 2009. For long-term management of blood supply, we predicted the future blood demand of TM patients for the next 10 years. Annual individual transfusion data in 2005-2009 and demographic information of 381 TM patients were ...
Martin Richard M RM School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived hormone that acts as a marker of insulin sensitivity. Bloodspot sampling by fingerstick onto filter paper may increase the feasibility of large-scale studies of the determinants of insulin sensitivity. We first describe the validation of an enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) for quantifying adiponectin from dried blood spots ...
George Christine Marie CM Department of International Health, Program in Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD E5535, USA. - - 2013
Arsenic can naturally occur in the groundwater without an anthropogenic source of contamination. In Bangladesh over 50 million people are exposed to naturally occurring arsenic concentrations exceeding the World Health Organization's guideline of 10 μg/L. Selenium and arsenic have been shown to facilitate the excretion of each other in bile. ...
Babaie Mahdi - - 2012
Many snake venoms comprise different factors, which can either promote or inhibit the blood coagulation pathway. Coagulation disorders and hemorrhage belong to the most prominent features of bites of the many vipers. A number of these factors interact with components of the human blood coagulation. This study is focused on ...
Følsgaard N V - - 2012
Early-life immune deviation is suspected in the inception of atopic disease. To investigate the association between cord blood chemokines and the subsequent development of atopic biomarkers and clinical end-points during the first 6 years of life. The Th1-associated chemokines CXCL10 and CXCL11 and the Th2-associated chemokines CCL17 and CCL22 were assessed ...
Chan Iris H S - - 2012
AIM:: Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) are toxic elements in our environment. This study is to determine the reference intervals of Cd and Pb in blood and urine from Hong Kong school children and to identify their determinants. METHODS:: A total of 2209 secondary school children and 893 preschool children ...
Verner Marc-André - - 2013
Despite experimental evidence that lactational exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) can impact health, results from epidemiologic studies are inconclusive. Inconsistency across studies may reflect the inability of current methods to estimate children's blood levels during specific periods of susceptibility. We developed a toxicokinetic model to simulate blood POP levels ...
Valera Beatriz - - 2012
Studies conducted in the Faeroe Islands and Japan suggest a negative impact of mercury on heart rate variability (HRV) among children while the results regarding blood pressure (BP) are less consistent. To assess the impact of mercury on HRV and BP among Nunavik Inuit children. A cohort of 226 children ...
Hrnack Scott A - - 2012
Almost one-third of Americans older than 20 years are considered obese. Excessive weight has been linked to faster destruction of weight-bearing joints, which may then need to be replaced. Joint replacement surgeons disagree about an association between obesity and increased blood loss during hip or knee joint replacement. In this ...
Eloi Juliana C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Blood flow volume in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) measured by pulsed Doppler has been used in adults to evaluate Crohn disease but has not been utilized in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To establish a cutoff point for normal SMA blood flow using pulsed Doppler US measurement in healthy ...
Suarez-Sipmann Fernando - - 2012
The genesis of cardiogenic oscillations, i.e. the small waves in airway pressure (COS(paw)) and flow (COS(flow)) signals recorded at the airway opening is under debate. We hypothesized that these waves are originated from cyclic changes in pulmonary artery (PA) pressure and flow but not from the physical transmission of heartbeats ...
Grassi Davide - - 2012
Nitric oxide plays a pivotal role in regulating vascular tone. Different studies show endothelial function is impaired during hyperglycemia. Dark chocolate increases flow-mediated dilation in healthy and hypertensive subjects with and without glucose intolerance; however, the effect of pretreatment with dark chocolate on endothelial function and other vascular responses to ...
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