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Szumny Dorota D Department of Pharmacology, Wroclaw Medical University, ul. Mikulicza-Radeckiego 2, PL 50-345, Wrocław, Poland, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of propranolol, nebivolol, and carvedilol on intraocular pressure and blood flow in vessels of rabbit's (New Zealand White) eyeball. The study was carried out on New Zealand white rabbits. Intraocular pressure was measured with the applanation tonometer Möller-Wedel and Icare; ...
Yang Hongyu - - 2013
Aqueous humor flows regularly from posterior chamber to anterior chamber, and this flow much involves intraocular pressure, the eye tissue nutrition and metabolism.Purpose: To visualize and measure the intraocular flow regular pattern of aqueous humor. Intraocular flow in the vitro eyeball is driven to simulate the physiological aqueous humor flow, ...
Rom Edith - - 2013
Primary open-angle glaucoma is a group of optic neuropathies that can lead to irreversible blindness. Sensory stimulation in the form of acupuncture or ear acupressure may contribute to protecting patients from blindness when used as a complementary method to orthodox treatment in the form of drops, laser or surgery. The ...
Rossetti Alberto - - 2013
In a 71-year-old patient with bilateral open-angle glaucoma, intracorneal blood was found after a canaloplasty procedure in the right eye. Six weeks after surgery on ultrasound biomicroscopy examination, liquified blood and blood clots could be observed nasally in the deep corneal stroma close to the Descemet's membrane. The intracorneal blood ...
Alvarez Lawrence J - - 2013
Sildenafil citrate increases ocular blood flow and accelerates the rate of anterior chamber refilling after paracentesis. The latter effect could have resulted from a reduction in outflow facility or from an increase in aqueous humor (AH) production. In this study, we used scanning ocular fluorophotometry to examine the effects of ...
Freeman Ellen E - - 2013
The purpose of this work was to investigate the heritability of potential glaucoma endophenotypes. We estimated for the first time the heritability of the pulsatility of choroidal blood flow. We also sought to confirm the heritability of corneal hysteresis, central corneal thickness, and 3 ways of measuring intraocular pressure. Measurements ...
Fries R - - 2012
In two pig abattoirs of different slaughter capacities, the stunning efficacy of CO(2) on finishing pigs with and without pneumonic lesions (observed post mortem) was reflected against the corneal-reflex and blood parameters (blood pH, pCO(2) and pO(2)) from individual finishers. Stunning duration was 120s (abattoir A) and 90s (abattoir B), ...
Valentini Françoise A - - 2013
We used the Valentini-Besson-Nelson (VBN) mathematical micturition model to analyze the potential obstructive effect of a 7-F transurethral catheter on the voiding process during intubated flow (IF) in women. Our hypothesis was that incomplete sphincter relaxation leads to residual sphincter pressure. We reviewed a urodynamic database of women referred for ...
Epstein Jay S - - 2011
The need for blood regulation arises from the inherent risks of blood transfusion, which are minimized through implementation of standards. Regulatory oversight is advocated by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an essential element of any blood system to ensure such standards are met. The WHO Blood Regulators Network has ...
Pianykh Oleg S - - 2011
Perfusion analysis computes blood flow parameters (blood volume, blood flow, and mean transit time) from the observed flow of a contrast agent passing through the patient's vascular system. Perfusion deconvolution has been widely accepted as the principal numerical tool for perfusion analysis, and is used routinely in clinical applications. The ...
Tsukiya Tomonori - - 2011
The flow field of the newly developed inflow cannula designed for a bridge-to-decision circulatory support was numerically analyzed by computational fluid dynamics. This new cannula has elastic struts at the tip that enable minimal invasive insertion into the left ventricle while maintaining a wide inflow area by its lantern-like tip. ...
Mahawong Phitsanu - - 2011
High-flow priapism is a very rare condition in children. The most common cause is perineal trauma, which is a major cause of arterio-cavernosal fistula. A few pediatric patients have high-flow priapism without an obvious cause. There are many therapeutic modalities for this condition, depending on the etiology. We report a ...
Michalski D - - 2011
Michalski D, Härtig W, Schneider D, Hobohm C. Use of normobaric and hyperbaric oxygen in acute focal cerebral ischemia - a preclinical and clinical review. Acta Neurol Scand: 2011: 123: 85-97. © 2010 The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 Blackwell Munksgaard. High socioeconomic burden is attributed to acute ischemic stroke, ...
Senthilkumaran Subramanian - - 2010
Propofol-induced priapism in a 25-year-old male confirmed by rechallenge is reported for its rarity and to create awareness among practitioners, because propofol is used frequently in India for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia or sedation. The probable mechanisms are highlighted. Because propofol causes low-flow priapism, early alleviation is essential ...
Gebrehiwot Solomon Gebreyohannis - - 2010
This study analyses the relation of forest cover and stream flow on the 266 km2 Koga watershed in a headwater of Blue Nile Basin using both observed hydrological data and community perception. The watershed declined from 16% forest cover in 1957 to 1% by 1986. The hydrological record did not ...
Yuan J - - 2010
Vacuum therapy (VT) utilizes negative pressure to distend the corporal sinusoids and to increase the blood inflow to the penis. Depending on its purpose, VT could be used as vacuum constriction device (VCD), with the aid of an external constricting ring which is placed at the base of penis to ...
Merritt David M - - 2010
Tamarix ramosissima is a naturalized, nonnative plant species which has become widespread along riparian corridors throughout the western United States. We test the hypothesis that the distribution and success of Tamarix result from human modification of river-flow regimes. We conducted a natural experiment in eight ecoregions in arid and semiarid ...
Lawson-Smith Pia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and carbon monoxide (CO) may be important components of smoke from fire accidents. Accordingly, patients admitted to hospital from fire accidents may have been exposed to both HCN and CO. Cyanide (CN) intoxication results in cytotoxic hypoxia leading to organ dysfunction and possibly death. While several ...
Yeh T Y - - 2010
This study investigated organic matter and nitrogen reduction and transformation mechanisms within a field-scale hybrid natural purification system. The system included an oxidation pond, two serial surface-flow wetlands with a cascade in between, and a subsurface-flow wetland receiving secondary treated dormitory sewage. The average biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical ...
García-Pérez Alfredo - - 2009
Subsurface constructed wetlands using a recirculating vertical flow are a viable alternative technology to pretreating conventional residential septic systems effluents before underground discharge. The authors examined performance of a recirculating vertical flow constructed wetland (RVFCW) to treat both human and domestic animal sewage from the LaGrange County (Indiana) Animal Shelter. ...
Mossadeq A R - - 2009
Priapism is caused by an imbalance between penile blood inflow and outflow. There are two types of priapism: low-flow priapism due to venous occlusion and high-flow priapism due to uncontrolled arterial flow to the veins. High-flow priapism most frequently occurs as a result of penile trauma in which the intercavernosal ...
Besemer Katharina - - 2009
Streams are highly heterogeneous ecosystems, in terms of both geomorphology and hydrodynamics. While flow is recognized to shape the physical architecture of benthic biofilms, we do not yet understand what drives community assembly and biodiversity of benthic biofilms in the heterogeneous flow landscapes of streams. Within a metacommunity ecology framework, ...
Cui Baoshan - - 2009
Vulnerability of river channels to urbanization has been lessened by the extensive construction of artificial water control improvements. The challenge, however, is that traditional engineering practices on isolated parts of a river may disturb the hydrologic continuity and interrupt the natural state of ecosystems. Taking the Xiaoqinghe River basin as ...
Walker U A - - 2009
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is observed in up to 81% of men with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and therefore should be counselled as a common complaint in this disorder. Whereas ED is frequently associated with atherosclerosis in the general population in which it is also a harbinger of cardiovascular events, ED has ...
Bhat Shirish - - 2010
The magnitude, frequency, duration, timing, and rate of change of hydrologic conditions regulate ecological processes in aquatic ecosystems. Conditions are typically characterized using annual-based hydrologic indices derived from daily and/or monthly stream flow data. In this study, we present an alternative approach to identify hydrologic indices based on storm hydrographs. ...
Han Dongmei - - 2009
Based on analysis of groundwater hydrochemical and isotopic indicators, this article aims to identify the groundwater flow systems in the Yangwu River alluvial fan, in the Xinzhou Basin, China. Groundwater delta(2)H and delta(18)O values indicate that the origin of groundwater is mainly from precipitation, with local evaporative influence. d-excess values ...
Sammons S M - - 2009
Effects of river discharge on growth of redbreast sunfish Lepomis auritus were investigated in nine rivers in Georgia, U.S.A. Fish were aged and annular total length increments (L(Tinc)) estimated from measurements from sectioned sagittal otoliths using the generalized regression model that held for the effects of decreasing L(Tinc) from annual ...
Lavely James A - - 2009
Priapism is a persistent penile erection lasting longer than 4 hours, without sexual stimulation. Priapism is categorized as either nonischemic (arterial, high flow) or ischemic (veno-occlusive, low flow). Ischemic priapism is considered an emergency in people. Reports of priapism in dogs are uncommon. This report describes 3 dogs with priapism; ...
Park H M - - 2009
The streaming potential of electrokinetic flows in microchannels affects flow rate and is usually exploited to determine the zeta potential of microchannels. In the present investigation, we derive a semianalytic formula for the streaming potential of microchannels with arbitrary cross-sectional shapes valid for high zeta potentials as well as reasonably ...
Fischer B R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic use of pure oxygen, even under hyperbaric conditions, has been well established for about 50 years, whereas the discovery of oxygen occurred 250 years earlier. Many neurosurgical patients suffer from brain tissue damage, due to reduced blood flow, obstructive vessel disease, or as a result of traumatic ...
Matchett Gerald A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have demonstrated a protective effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in experimental ischemic brain injury, and many physiological and molecular mechanisms of hyperbaric oxygen therapy-related neuroprotection have been identified. METHODS: Review of articles pertaining to hyperbaric oxygen therapy and cerebral ischemia in the National Library of Medicine and ...
Wallis Christopher J D - - 2009
High-flow priapism is most often seen following perineal and penile trauma. We report the case of a 32-year-old man who presented with recurrent idiopathic priapism initially treated as low-flow priapism on 8 previous emergency department visits. Pelvic angiography revealed an abnormal communication between the left cavernosal artery and the left ...
Foucher Delphine - - 2009
To demonstrate the power of precise isotope ratio measurements of Hg in environmental samples and, more particularly, to test the use of stable isotopes as distinct tracers of the contamination source, we investigated a well-documented system, the Hg mining region near Idrija, Slovenia. Sediments alongside the Idrijca River, the Soca/Isonzo ...
Robertson W D - - 2009
Nitrate from agricultural activity contributes to nutrient loading in surface water bodies such as the Mississippi River. This study demonstrates a novel in-stream bioreactor that uses carbonaceous solids (woodchips) to promote denitrification of agricultural drainage. The reactor (40 m3) was trenched into the bottom of an existing agricultural drainage ditch ...
Kovács A - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess in-stream retention of suspended solids (SS) and total phosphorus (TP) at low flow condition in a large watercourse, the Tisza River. The analysis was based on a longitudinal water quality profile obtained in July 2006 during a cruise along the Hungarian section ...
Serefoglu E C - - 2009
The aim of this study was to look into a molecule in penile blood sample that shows correlation with the tumescence grade and/or penile Doppler ultrasound findings. Patients admitted to urology outpatient clinic with the complaint of erectile dysfunction between November 2006 and April 2007 were evaluated. Patients with the ...
Kilinc Mehmet - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surgical shunting might be considered as the only option in the treatment of extended ischemic priapism that does not respond to aspiration and medication. OBJECTIVE: A modified, simple, minimally invasive, and easily applicable artificial cavernosal-venous shunt technique for treating priapism is described in this report. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: ...
Sun G - - 2008
The performances of 98 subsurface flow constructed wetlands in the U.K. are analysed for the rates of organic matter removal from various wastewaters. The analyses of 78 subsurface horizontal flow wetlands are focused on deriving the value of rate constant K(BOD) in the Kickuth equation and evaluating the probability of ...
Onodera Shin-ichi - - 2008
Asian megacities have severe pollution problems in both coastal and urban areas. In addition, the groundwater potential has decreased and land subsidence has occurred because of intensive groundwater pumping in urban areas. To prevent the adverse effects of urbanization on groundwater quality, it is necessary to confirm the changes in ...
Van Vuren, Dirk H
We assessed the effects of overgrazing by feral sheep on watersheds on Santa Cruz Island, California. Overgrazing had a marked effect on stream flow; flows were much greater in overgrazed than in lightly grazed watersheds early in the rainy season, but the difference vanished later in the season. This pattern ...
Colpi Giovanni Maria - - 2008
Today cycling is considered a useful form of exercise for reducing cardiovascular risk, but it may also represent a risk factor for erectile dysfunction and perineal-genital paresthesia. These disorders are attributed to the local reduction of oxygen in the perineal-genital area, secondary to the perineal compression. Numerous studies have been ...
Unfirer Sanela - - 2008
Prolonged untreated diabetes mellitus leads to microangiopathy, tissue hypoxia and ischemic lesions; it increases the risk for stroke and exacerbates brain tissue damage following ischemia. Patients exhibit advanced atherosclerosis in coronary and cerebral arteries as well as enhanced vascular responsiveness to vasoconstrictors, an attenuated response to vasodilators and impaired autoregulation ...
Vidon P - - 2008
This study investigates hydrological controls on E. coli concentration and loading in two artificially drained agricultural watersheds (58 and 23 km(2)) of the U.S. Midwest. Stream E. coli concentrations are significantly (p < 0.02) lower at base flow than high flow; however, E. coli load is significantly higher at high ...
Bayrakci Benan - - 2008
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a technology that involves oxygen treatment at supra-atmospheric pressures in high concentrations, generating increased levels of physically dissolved oxygen in blood plasma. This form of transported oxygen, compared with oxygen chemically bound to hemoglobin, is able to enter tissues with minimal or almost no blood flow. ...
Franklin Paul - - 2008
We review the current status of knowledge regarding the role that flow parameters play in controlling the macrophyte communities of temperate lowland rivers. We consider both direct and indirect effects and the interaction with other factors known to control macrophyte communities. Knowledge gaps are identified and implications for the management ...
Propst David L - - 2008
Escalating demands for water have led to substantial modifications of river systems in arid regions, which coupled with the widespread invasion of nonnative organisms, have increased the vulnerability of native aquatic species to extirpation. Whereas a number of studies have evaluated the role of modified flow regimes and nonnative species ...
Nahlik Amanda M - - 2008
Sedimentation under pulsed and steady-flow conditions was investigated in two created flow-through riparian wetlands in central Ohio over 2 yr. Hydrologic pulses of river water lasting for 6 to 8 d were imposed on each wetland from January through June during 2004. Mean inflow rates during pulses averaged 52 and ...
Vaiopoulou E - - 2008
A pilot-scale prototype activated sludge system is presented, which combines both, the idea of University of Cape Town (UCT) concept and the step denitrification cascade for removal of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus. The experimental set-up consists of an anaerobic selector and stepwise feeding in subsequent three identical pairs of anoxic ...
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