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Ryan Robert J - - 2006
Conservative solute tracer experiments were conducted in Indian Creek, a small urban stream located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Estimated flow rates were between 46 Ls(-1) and 81 Ls(-1), average stream width was 5.5m and average stream depth was 0.2m. Given these dimensions, most researchers would think it reasonable to assume ...
Hart David J - - 2006
Aquitards protect underlying aquifers from contaminants and limit recharge to those aquifers. Understanding the mechanisms and quantity of ground water flow across aquitards to underlying aquifers is essential for ground water planning and assessment. We present results of laboratory testing for shale hydraulic conductivities, a methodology for determining the vertical ...
Tryjanowski Piotr - - 2006
Recent studies on climate responses in ectothermic (cold-blooded) vertebrates have been few in number and focussed on phenology rather than morphology. According to Bergmann's rule, endothermic (warm-blooded) vertebrates from cooler climates tend to be larger than congeners from warmer regions. Although amphibians are ectothermic vertebrates, weather and climatic conditions may ...
Gutiérrez Marco V - - 2006
We evaluated the performance of the Heat Dissipation Technique (HDT) to measure sap flow in whole trees by comparison with potometric water uptake. Two tropical lowland species, Ochroma lagopus (balsa), a pioneer species with light wood and Hyeronima alchorneoides (pilón), a late-successional species with hard wood were examined. Diurnal courses ...
Imamoglu Abdurrahim - - 2006
We are presenting a 5-year-old boy with a traumatic high-flow priapism developed after a straddle injury and successfully treated by compression and simultaneous monitoring with a duplex ultrasound probe. We believe that this may be an alternative method against conventional treatment modalities including conservative follow-up, sympathomimetic drug administration, percutaneous embolization ...
Gasperi J - - 2006
In Paris, the OPUR research programme created an experimental on-site observatory of urban pollutant loads in combined sewer systems in order to characterise the dry and wet weather flows at different spatial scales. This article presents the first results on the spatial variability of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) load ...
Nakajima J - - 2006
It has been more important for management of water quality to estimate the amount of bioavailable phosphorus (BAP) in suspended solids (SS) entering lakes and estuaries. AGP test or extraction by 0.1 mol l(-1) NaOH (C-BOD) is widely used. Recently, highly bioavailable phosphorus (HBAP) was introduced to indicate a more ...
Schulte Paul J - - 2006
Roots are important conduits for the redistribution of water within the rooting zone. Root systems are often highly branched, and water flow between regions undoubtedly involves passage through junctions between individual roots. This study considered junctions in the roots of Douglas-fir with regard to the resistances encountered by water flow ...
Preis A - - 2006
This paper presents the methodology and application underlying the Kinneret Watershed Analysis Tool (KWAT), developed for flow and contaminant predictions for Lake Kinneret (the Sea of Galilee) watershed located in northern Israel. Lake Kinneret watershed is about 2730 km2 (2,070 in Israel, the rest in Lebanon), inhabited by about 200,000 ...
Cui Li-hua - - 2006
The integrated wetland systems were constructed by combining horizontal-flow and vertical-flow bed, and their purification efficiencies for septic tank effluent were detected when the hydraulic retention time (HRT) was 1 d, 3 d, 5 d under different seasons. The results showed that the removal efficiencies of the organics, phosphorus were ...
Rossignol Daniel A - - 2006
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that currently affects as many as 1 out of 166 children in the United States. Recent research has discovered that some autistic individuals have decreased cerebral perfusion, evidence of neuroinflammation, and increased markers of oxidative stress. Multiple independent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and ...
Grismer Mark E - - 2005
Although constructed wetland treatment systems have been used in a variety of applications, uncertainty in adequately determining flow conditions or hydraulic residence times ("hydraulic efficiencies") and degradation model parameters remains a problem with their design. Breakthrough or impulse-type tracer studies in constructed wetlands often result in residence-time distributions exhibiting long ...
Kim Geonha - - 2005
The pathogens originating from diffuse pollution have raised much concern recently. In many countries, pathogen levels are monitored in surface water by measuring the pathogen indicator organism level, which indicates the concentration of pathogen associated microorganisms to determine contamination. Among indicator organisms, total coliform, fecal coliform, and Escherichia coli were ...
Balestra Costantino - - 2006
Renal (peritubular) tissue hypoxia is a well-known physiological trigger for erythropoietin (EPO) production. We investigated the effect of rebound relative hypoxia after hyperoxia obtained under normo- and hyperbaric oxygen breathing conditions. A group of 16 healthy volunteers were investigated before and after a period of breathing 100% normobaric oxygen for ...
Old Gareth H - - 2006
The hydrological characteristics of catchments become drastically modified in response to urbanisation. The total contributions and dynamics of runoff, suspended sediment and solutes may change significantly and have important implications downstream where they may affect flooding, instream ecological habitat, water quality and siltation of river channels and lakes. Although an ...
Kim Sung-Jin - - 2005
In the progress of microfluidic devices, a simple and precise control of multiple streams has been essential for complex microfluidic networks. Consequently, microfluidic devices, which have a simple structure, typically use external energy sources to control the multiple streams. Here, we propose a pure passive scheme that uses capillarity without ...
Gutsaeva D R - - 2005
The hypothesis that in conditions of hyperbaric oxygenation, nitric oxide (NO) modulates the vasodilatory effect of CO2 in the brain and thus accelerates the neurotoxic action of oxygen was verified experimentally. Conscious rats breathed atmospheric air or oxygen at 5 atm and blood flow in the striatum was measured before ...
Katano Izumi - - 2005
Reach-scale temporal shifts in the distribution of larvae of a grazing caddisfly, Micrasema quadriloba (Brachycentridae), were investigated in a Japanese mountain stream. The larvae showed an aggregated distribution within the reach at the beginning of the immigration, then became randomly dispersed throughout the reach as the immigration progressed. The abundance ...
Donders Timme H - - 2005
High resolution pollen analysis of mid- to late-Holocene peat deposits from southwest Florida reveals a stepwise increase in wetland vegetation that points to an increased precipitation-driven fresh water flow during the past 5,000 years. The tight coupling between winter precipitation patterns in Florida and the strength of the El Niño-Southern ...
Nakamura T - - 2005
Reef-building corals are threatened worldwide by mass-scale coral bleaching episodes that are pronounced in high sea surface temperature (SST) conditions. Although water-flow has been suggested to be a mitigating factor for bleaching, long-term effects of flow-mediated bleaching suppression are as yet not fully understood. In order to investigate flow effects, ...
Zhang John H - - 2005
Cerebral vascular diseases, such as neonatal encephalopathy and focal or global cerebral ischemia, all result in reduction of blood flow to the affected regions, and cause hypoxia-ischemia, disorder of energy metabolism, activation of pathogenic cascades, and eventual cell death. Due to a narrow therapeutic window for neuroprotection, few effective therapies ...
Sheikh Ahmad Y - - 2005
There is a need for a noninvasive method that measures wound angiogenesis. Hyperoxia is known to increase the appearance of new blood vessels in wounds, yet no study has confirmed increases in wound bed perfusion with periodic hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) exposure. This study investigates whether laser Doppler imaging is able ...
Yue Sheng - - 2005
A forested mountainous basin, the Sameura basin, located in Shikoku Island of Japan, experienced increased forest growth in the period from 1953 to 1994, like which occurred across the country. The impact of the forest growth on streamflow of the basin was assessed using statistical trend analysis. Annual maximum daily ...
Haygarth P M - - 2005
The hypothesis that the dynamic patterns of phosphorus (P) transport at plot scale are similar to the patterns that could be observed quasi-simultaneously (i.e., approximately at the same time) at a river basin scale, in terms of inputs and dilution of P, across a range of rainfall and runoff conditions, ...
Mychaskiw George G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Constriction of the sciatic nerve by loose ligation produces an inflammatory neuropathic injury. This represents an animal model for peripheral mononeuropathy. Oxygen-derived free radicals are suspected to play an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion injury, leading to neurogenic inflammation. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) has been used anecdotally to ...
Hsieh Cheng-Hsing - - 2005
Although penile venous surgery has almost been abandoned and the venous factor eliminated as a contributing factor to erectile dysfunction, new concepts of erection-related veins has recently been described and reported in literature. We sought to conduct a haemodynamic study on human cadavers in order to elucidate to what extent ...
Obiri-Danso K - - 2005
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of urban waste, sewage and other human centred activities on the microbiological quality of the river Subin, which flows through the metropolis of Kumasi, Ghana, and serves as drinking water for communities downstream. Three sites, Racecourse, Asafo and Asago, on ...
Kuefer R - - 2005
High-flow priapism (HFP) is defined as pathological increased arterial influx into the cavernosal bodies. Since 1960, 202 cases have been published in the literature. This study evaluates the effect of the changing diagnostic and therapeutic concepts. The data of 202 cases of HFP was evaluated regarding diagnostic and therapeutic procedures ...
Huo C X - - 2005
In the UK water industry, the sequencing batch reactor (SBR) has been seen as a technically-economically advantageous option as an alternative to the continuous flow activated sludge process (ASP). The technology has enjoyed a booming period over the last decade, with many installations now operational. These installations appear to have ...
Kantawanichkul S - - 2005
The objectives of this study were to find appropriate conditions for nitrogen removal by a compact combined constructed wetland system and to evaluate the removal rate constant in a tropical climate. This study will present suitable operating conditions for a combined system to treat pig farm wastewater containing high ammonia-nitrogen. ...
Volcke E I P - - 2005
The combined SHARON-Anammox process for treating wastewater streams with high ammonia concentration is discussed. Partial nitritation in the SHARON reactor should be performed to such an extent that an Anammox-optimal nitrite:ammonium ratio is generated. The SHARON process is typically applied to sludge digestion rejection water in order to relieve the ...
Noorvee Alar - - 2005
Since the horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland in Kodijärve, Estonia had problems with aeration, a vertical subsurface flow (VSSF) constructed wetland (CW) was built for the purpose of enhancing aeration. This article gives an overview of how the vertical subsurface flow constructed wetland has affected the aeration capacity and purification ...
Suliman Fadi - - 2005
Constructed wetlands are ecological systems that have proven their efficiency in treating wastewater and reducing pollutants of concern in both warm and cold climate. Oversizing these systems is common in the design process due to the inadequate knowledge about water movement in the porous media used. This study investigates the ...
Brett Michael T - - 2005
During a 1-year period, we sampled stream water total phosphorus (TP) concentrations daily and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) concentrations weekly in four Seattle area streams spanning a gradient of forested to urban-dominated land cover. The objective of this study was to develop time series models describing stream water phosphorus concentration ...
Rieckermann J - - 2005
In this paper, 60 tracer experiments in 37 different sewer reaches have been analyzed for longitudinal dispersion under dry weather flow conditions. It was found that dispersion coefficients of sewers are two to three orders of magnitude smaller than those measured in rivers and do not differ much from system ...
Blight G E - - 2005
A large-scale field experiment has been carried out at the Coastal Park landfill which serves the City of Cape Town, South Africa. The landfill is unlined, and the City Council was under pressure from the central Government to cap and close the existing landfill and to establish an extension to ...
Zessner M - - 2005
In this paper, results from rivers of different sizes in Romania, Hungary and Austria are presented. The paper shows the dynamics of extreme events and their contribution to the total P and suspended solids transported in these rivers. Special attention is paid to the influence of the size of the ...
Klemetti E - - 2005
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment has been found to improve healing in living tissues, especially those poor in oxygen. The effects of HBO have also been tested in rat experiments. However, oxygen partial pressure in rat's arterial blood is normally about twice that in humans. Disregarding this, a human HBO protocol ...
Yeni E - - 2005
The aim of the study is to determine and to compare the oxidative and antioxidative status of penile corpus cavernosum and peripheral venous blood. A total of 28 adult healthy males were included in the study. Whole blood was simultaneously withdrawn from penile corpus cavernosum and the cubital vein and ...
McIlhatton T D - - 2005
For more than a decade, research carried out in Scotland has investigated the movement of sediment in sewers and the associated pollutant release. Pollution by discharges from combined sewer overflows can adversely affect watercourses, particularly those in urban areas. Solids and dissolved contaminants, many derived from in-sewer deposits during a ...
Collins R - - 2005
AIMS: To quantify and derive statistical relationships with which to predict the delivery of faecal bacteria (Escherichia coli) to a pastoral stream, by overland flow. METHODS AND RESULTS: A large-scale (1050 m2) rainfall simulator, located upon a steep (18 degrees) grazed hillside in New Zealand, was used to simulate 11 ...
Tunçiper B - - 2005
In this study, nitrogen removal was investigated in pilot-scale subsurface flow (SSF) and in free water surface flow (FWS) constructed wetlands installed in the campus of TUBITAK-Marmara Research Center, Gebze, near Istanbul, Turkey. The main purposes of this study are to apply constructed wetlands for the protection of water reservoirs ...
McMahon Kathryn - - 2005
Low concentrations of herbicides (up to 70 ng l(-1)), chiefly diuron (up to 50 ng l(-1)) were detected in surface waters associated with inter-tidal seagrass meadows of Zostera muelleri in Hervey Bay, south-east Queensland, Australia. Diuron and atrazine (up to 1.1 ng g(-1) dry weight of sediment) were detected in ...
Willis S C - - 2005
High species richness and evenness in structurally complex habitats has been hypothesized to be associated with niche partitioning. To test this idea, relationships between habitat structural complexity in river littoral-zone habitats and morphological diversity of tropical fishes were examined in the Cinaruco River, Venezuela. Six habitat attributes were quantified in ...
Siegert Martin J - - 2004
Upstream of Byrd Station (West Antarctica), ice-penetrating radar data reveal a distinctive fold structure within the ice, in which isochronous layers are unusually deep. The fold has an axis more than 50 kilometers long, which is aligned up to 45 degrees to the ice flow direction. Although explanations for the ...
Hershler Robert - - 2004
Mitochondrial DNA sequences of aquatic gastropods of the subgenus Pyrgulopsis (Natricola) were analyzed to test a commonly accepted hypothesis concerning the early history of the Snake River in the northwestern US. Distributions of Natricola and other regional biota were previously used to infer that the Snake River flowed to the ...
Ford Chelcy R - - 2004
We monitored the radial distribution of sap flux density (v; g H2O m(-2) s(-1)) in the sapwood of six plantation-grown Pinus taeda L. trees during wet and dry soil periods. Mean basal diameter of the 32-year-old trees was 33.3 cm. For all trees, the radial distribution of sap flow in ...
Souza Gustavo M - - 2004
Approximate Entropy (ApEn), a model-independent statistics to quantify serial irregularities, was used to evaluate changes in sap flow temporal dynamics of two tropical species of trees subjected to water deficit. Water deficit induced a decrease in sap flow of G. ulmifolia, whereas C. legalis held stable their sap flow levels. ...
Yildiz Senol - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Dysbaric osteonecrosis (DON) is an avascular bone necrosis that can be seen in divers and compressed air workers. Submarine escape instructors constitute a specific group who are exposed to hyperbaric conditions with a constant profile. METHODS: We screened 21 Turkish Navy submarine escape instructors and evaluated 147 skeletal radiographs ...
Kamon Masashi - - 2004
The dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) migration process was experimentally investigated in a laboratory-scale tank (150 cm width, 82.5 cm height, and 15 cm depth) to assess a site characterization on DNAPL contamination below a groundwater table. The heterogeneous ground of the tank model consisted of Toyoura sand (hydraulic conductivity, ...
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