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Lindstrom Nicole M NM Virginia Tech, 300 Turner Street Northwest, Suite 4120 (0497), Blacksburg, VA 24061, - - 2015
Hamsters, gerbils, rats, and mice are presented to veterinary clinics and hospitals for prophylactic care and treatment of clinical signs of disease. Physical examination, history, and husbandry practice information can be supplemented greatly by assessment of hematologic parameters. As a resource for veterinarians and their technicians, this article describes the ...
Moore David M DM Virginia Tech, 300 Turner Street Northwest, Suite 4120 (0497), Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Pet rabbits are presented to veterinary clinics for routine care and treatment of clinical diseases. In addition to obtaining clinical history, additional diagnostic testing may be required, including hematological assessments. This article describes common blood collection methods, including venipuncture sites, volume of blood that can be safely collected, and handling ...
Smith Stephen A SA Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, 245 Duck Pond Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Pet ferrets are presented to veterinary clinics for routine care and treatment of clinical diseases and female reproductive problems. In addition to obtaining clinical history, additional diagnostic testing may be required, including hematological assessments. This article describes common blood collection methods, including venipuncture sites, volume of blood that can be ...
Shah A A Adult Intensive Care Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, - - 2015
Allogeneic red cell transfusion is a commonly used treatment to improve the oxygen carrying capacity of blood during the peri-operative period. Increasing arterial oxygen content by increasing haemoglobin does not necessarily increase tissue oxygen delivery or uptake. Although the evidence-base for red cell transfusion practice is incomplete, randomised studies across ...
Grimes Carolyn N CN Département de Pathologie et Microbiologie, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec (Grimes); Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA - - 2014
This study sought to develop customized morphology flagging thresholds for canine erythrocyte volume and hemoglobin concentration [Hgb] on the ADVIA 120 hematology analyzer; compare automated morphology flagging with results of microscopic blood smear evaluation; and examine effects of customized thresholds on morphology flagging results. Customized thresholds were determined using data ...
Obrador Rafael R From the Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC - - 2014
To summarize current understanding of the mechanisms responsible for changes occurring during red blood cell (RBC) storage, collectively known as the storage lesion, and to review the biological and clinical consequences of increasing storage time of RBCs. Human and veterinary clinical studies, experimental animal model studies, and reviews of the ...
Dembek K A KA College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2014
Critically ill foals often present to veterinary hospitals with impaired organ perfusion, which can be demonstrated by increased blood L-lactate concentrations. As a compensatory mechanism to low blood pressure and electrolyte abnormalities, aldosterone and arginine vasopressin (AVP) are released to restore organ perfusion and function. Several studies have investigated the ...
Dickerson Jane A JA Department of Laboratories, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, USA; Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Therapeutic drug monitoring of tacrolimus and sirolimus plays a significant role in the clinical follow-up of transplant patients receiving IMS therapy. Success of transplant and favorable patient outcome relies on maintaining adequate therapeutic drug levels. The purpose of this research is to assess the clinical utility of remote collection of ...
Rasmussen Rune R From the Department of Neurosurgery, The Neuroscience Centre (R.R., M.J., J.S.-R.), Copenhagen Trial Unit, Centre for Clinical Intervention Research (J.W.), Department of Radiology, The Diagnostic Centre (T.S.), and Department of Neuroanesthesia, The Neuroscience Centre (N.V.O.), Copenhagen University Hospital (Rigshospitalet), Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Institution of Clinical Sciences, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden (P.O.G.); and Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (N.V.O.). - - 2014
Delayed ischemic neurological deficits (DINDs) are a major contributing factor for poor outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. In this trial, we investigated the therapeutic potential of prostacyclin, an endogen substance with known effect on vascular tone and blood flow regulation, on factors related to DIND. This trial is a ...
Walpot J J Department of Cardiology, Admiraal De Ruyter Hospital, Goes & Vlissingen, Koudekerkseweg 88, PO Box 3200, 4380, DD, Vlissingen, the Netherlands, - - 2014
The Chiari network is a net-like mobile structure, occasionally encountered near the entrance of the inferior vena cava in the right atrium. Due to its fenestration, the Chiari network does not cause flow obstruction of the blood. The Chiari network is usually an incidental finding with no further clinical consequences. ...
Hedenström Ulf O - - 2014
BackgroundOssification of the ungular cartilages (OUC) in the foot of horses has been studied for more than 100 years. There is a high heritability of this condition but its clinical relevance has remained questionable. Nevertheless, modern equine orthopedic literature ranks OUC as one of top 10 causes of lameness in cold-blooded ...
Ikeda Keita K From the *Department of Anesthesia, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; †Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; and ‡School of Nursing, Duke University, Durham, North - - 2014
An intriguing potential clinical use of cerebral oximeter measurements (SctO2) is the ability to noninvasively estimate jugular bulb venous oxygen saturation (SjvO2). Our purpose in this study was to determine the accuracy of the FORE-SIGHT® (CAS Medical Systems, Branford, CT), which is calibrated to a weighted average of 70% (SjvO2) ...
Misra S S Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Imperial College London, London, UK; Clincal Biochemistry and Metabolic Medicine, Imperial Healthcare NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Ketone measurement is advocated for the diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis and assessment of its severity. Assessing the evidence base for ketone measurement in clinical practice is challenging because multiple methods are available but there is a lack of consensus about which is preferable. Evaluating the utility of ketone measurement is ...
Keskin Uğur U Dept. Of Obstetrics and Gynecology Gulhane Military Medical - - 2014
Abstract Intrauterine fetal transfusion needs extensive experience and requires excellent eye - hand coordination, good equipment and experienced team workers to achieve success. While the needle is in the umbilical vein, an assistant withdraws and /or transfuses blood. The needle point should be kept still to prevent lacerations and dislodging. ...
Peng Shichun S Center for Neurosciences, The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, Manhasset, New York, - - 2014
Neuroimaging of cerebral glucose metabolism and blood flow is ideally suited to assay widely-distributed brain circuits as a result of local molecular events and behavioral modulation in the central nervous system. With the progress in novel analytical methodology, this endeavor has succeeded in unraveling the mechanisms underlying a wide spectrum ...
Flint Mark M School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, The Florida Aquarium's Center for Conservation, Apollo Beach, FL, 33572, - - 2014
An investigation into the health of green turtles was undertaken near Gladstone, Queensland, in response to a dramatic increase in stranding numbers in the first half of 2011. A total of 56 live turtles were subject to clinical examination and blood sampling for routine blood profiles, and 12 deceased turtles ...
Weinstock Christof C Institute of Clinical Transfusion Medicine and Immunogenetics Ulm, German Red Cross Blood Service Baden-Württemberg-Hessen, Institute of Transfusion Medicine, University of Ulm, Ulm, - - 2014
Transfusion of ABO major-incompatible red blood cells (RBCs) can activate the complement system and can cause severe and even lethal acute hemolytic reactions. The activation of the complement system with formation of C3a and C5a (anaphylatoxins) and the release of hemoglobin from the lysed RBCs are thought to mediate clinical ...
Zhao Yue Y Department of Reproductive Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150086, P.R. - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical value of low‑dose aspirin in combination with Tiao Jing Cu Yun pills in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by measuring follicular peripheral blood flow parameters and the clinical efficacy. The study involved 78 infertile females with PCOS who were ...
Vega-Vigo Carmen C Secciones de Ecografía y de Intervencionismo Vascular.Hospital Clínico Universitario de Málaga. - - 2014
We report three cases of high-flow priapism in three young patients who presented erectile dysfunction after perineal trauma. Complete clinical evaluation, blood tests, color Doppler ultrasonography (US), arteriography and selective embolization were performed. The clinical history and physical assessment were compatible with high-flow priapism. Color Doppler US showed a pseudoaneurysm ...
Wierenga Christina E CE VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, - - 2014
There is growing recognition that cerebral hypoperfusion is related to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), implicating the measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF) as a possible biomarker of AD. The ability to identify the earliest and most reliable markers of incipient cognitive decline and clinical symptoms is critical to ...
Garingarao Carlo Jan Pati-An CJ Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines - - 2014
A widely used method in monitoring glycemic status of ICU patients is point-of-care (POC) monitoring devices. A possible limitation to this method is altered peripheral blood flow in patients in shock, which may result in over/underestimations of their true glycemic status. This study aims to determine the accuracy of blood ...
Superko H Robert HR Cholesterol, Genetics, Heart Disease Institute, Mercer University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 40 Bear Paw, Portola Valley, CA 94028 - - 2014
The potential benefit of fish oil (omega-3 fatty acids) consumption to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk remains controversial. Some investigations report reduced CVD risk associated with fish or fish oil consumption while others report no benefit. This controversy is in part resolved when consideration is given to omega-3 blood levels ...
Hartman Rebecca L - - 2013
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is an illicit phenethylamine ingested for entactogenic and euphoric effects. Although blood is more commonly submitted for forensic analysis, previous human MDMA pharmacokinetics research focused on plasma data; no direct blood-plasma comparisons were drawn. Blood and plasma specimens from 50 healthy adult volunteers (33 males, 17 females, 36 ...
Honda Takashi - - 2013
Flow energy loss (EL) at the Fontan anastomosis has been thought to reflect flow efficiencies and to influence on hemodynamics in the Fontan circulation and has been often discussed in numerical studies. However, in vivo EL measurements have to date not been reported. We directly measured EL in the Fontan ...
Sperlich Billy - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate whether upper-body compression affects power output and selected metabolic, cardio-respiratory, hemodynamic and perceptual responses during three 3-min sessions of double-poling (DP) sprint. Method: Ten well-trained male athletes (25 ± 4 yrs; 180 ± 4 cm, 74.6 ± 3.2 kg) performed such sprints on a DP ski ergometer ...
Luchitskaya E - - 2013
The transthoracic impedance cardiogram (ICG) and the acceleration ballistocardiogram (BCG) measured close to the center of mass of the human body are generated by changes of blood distribution. The transthoracic ICG is an integrated signal covering the whole thorax and spatial resolution is poor. Comparison between both signals can be ...
Rybynok V O - - 2013
Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a technique that uses light to non-invasively obtain a volumetric measurement of an organ with each cardiac cycle. Pulse Oximetry (PO) is an empirical technique which allows the arterial blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) evaluation from the PPG signals. There have been many reports in the literature suggesting ...
Pop Serban R - - 2013
This paper introduces a novel technique for the visualization of blood (or other fluid) flowing through a complex 3D network of vessels. The Directed Particle System (DPS) approach is loosely based on the computer graphics concept of flocking agents. It has been developed and optimised to provide effective real time ...
Ben Yu-Jie - - 2012
We measured Dechlorane Plus (DP) and its dechlorinated analogs in the blood and milk from women living in e-waste recycling sites in Wenling of Taizhou region, China (n = 49). Both syn-DP and anti-DP were detected in all samples. Another compound, Cl(11)-DP, was detected in 45% and 84% of milk and serum ...
Castillo-Mancilla Jose R JR Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Colorado-Anschutz Medical Campus , Aurora, Colorado 80045, - - 2013
Tenofovir (TFV) disoproxil fumarate (TDF)±emtricitabine (FTC) are widely used for HIV treatment and chemoprophylaxis, but variable adherence may lead to suboptimal responses. Methods that quantify adherence would allow for interventions to improve treatment and prevention outcomes. Our objective was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of TFV-diphosphate (TFV-DP) and FTC-triphosphate (FTC-TP) in ...
Pesini Pedro - - 2012
The present study was aimed at assessing the capability of Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 levels in undiluted plasma (UP), diluted plasma (DP), and cell bound (CB) to distinguish between early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD), amnesic mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and healthy control (HC). Four blood samples from each participant were ...
Atkinson Michael P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recent studies show that transfusing older blood may lead to increased mortality. This raises the issue of whether transfusing fresher blood can be achieved without jeopardizing blood availability. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We propose a simple family of policies that is defined by a single threshold: rather than transfusing ...
Fryer S - - 2011
Comparisons of capillary blood lactate concentrations pre and post climb have featured in the protocols of many rock climbing studies, with most researchers obtaining samples from the fingertip. The nature of rock climbing, however, places a comparatively high physiological loading on the foreaand fingertips. Indeed, the fingertips are continually required ...
Oyagbemi Ademola A - - 2011
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of varying concentrations of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) on blood samples from White Fulani breed of cattle and West African Dwarf goat from Nigeria. Sample sizes of 20 animals were used for both species. Different concentrations of EDTA (2, 4, 8 ...
Herzog Kathrin - - 2011
The main goal of the present study was to measure uterine blood flow volume (BFV) in the second half of gestation in lactating German Holstein cows. Furthermore, it was investigated, if there are individual variations in uterine blood flow and correlations between uterine blood flow and maternal weight and the ...
Pitzer Jimmy B - - 2011
A species-specific multiplex polymerase chain reaction targeting the cytochrome b gene of cattle, horses, humans, and dogs was developed to determine the blood meal sources of stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), collected from Florida equine facilities. Of 595 presumptive blood-fed stable flies analyzed, successful host amplification was obtained in 350, ...
Weil Max Harry - - 2011
Increases in blood lactate reflect decreases in systemic blood flows associated with low blood flow states characteristic of circulatory shock. Accordingly, the report by Vermeulen and colleagues documents the use of the blood lactate measurement as a prognostic indicator in settings of ST elevation myocardial infarction. That lactate value therefore ...
Albera E - - 2010
Act of delivery is supposed to be connected with antioxidative/oxidative imbalance not only in female but also in her newborn. The aim of the study was to compare antioxidative/oxidative profile of cows and their newborns in blood, colostrum and milk during early post-partum period. Twenty-five healthy pregnant cows and their ...
Burdío Fernando - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical feasibility of a new technique for liver resection based on a radiofrequency-assisted (485 kHz) device that has shown high performance in the animal setting in both transection speed and blood loss per transection area. Eight patients with colorectal hepatic metastasis ...
Conhaim Robert L - - 2010
We showed previously that acute blood loss, without resuscitation, caused marked maldistribution of interalveolar perfusion. Because hemorrhage is a known risk factor for the development of lung injury, the goal of our present studies was to determine if there was a correlation between perfusion maldistribution and the subsequent development of ...
Ishizaki Yoichi - - 2010
Some of the significant predictive risk factors for complications after pancreatoduodenectomy are increased intraoperative blood loss and the need for blood transfusion. The impact of pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with early ligation of the inferior pancreatoduodenal artery (IPDA) on intraoperative blood loss and short-term outcomes is not well known. A retrospective review ...
Madarevic Tomislav - - 2011
As the blood loss after the total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is not only a potentially serious medical problem but also an economical concern, the purpose of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of different combinations of knee positioning and the applied wound dressings on blood saving after TKA. A ...
Frank Matthias - - 2010
Visually estimated amount of blood loss may influence decision making in the prehospital setting. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability and accuracy of paramedics and emergency physicians to visually estimate a volume of external blood loss and the influence of different vital signs. In a prospective, ...
Ervens J - - 2010
Induced hypotensive anaesthesia and isovolaemic haemodilution are well-established blood-sparing techniques in major surgery. This prospective study compared them for blood loss, transfusion requirements, and surgical field quality during standardized orthognathic operations. In a surgeon-blinded trial, 60 healthy patients requiring either Le Fort I osteotomy or bimaxillary surgery were randomly allocated ...
Grottke O - - 2010
Recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) has been successfully used in various clinical conditions to treat severe coagulopathy, but its efficacy may be affected by the underlying conditions. We therefore investigated the efficacy of rFVIIa treatment under conditions of hypofibrinogenaemia in a pig model of blunt liver injury. Severe haemodilution was instigated ...
Descazeaud Aurélien - - 2010
To evaluate blood loss during transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and its predictive factors, using the chromium 51 (51Cr) labeling method. From January to June 2008, 41 patients who underwent TURP for symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) at four French urology centers were included in the analysis. Red cells ...
Risselada Marije - - 2010
To compare surgical time and intraoperative blood loss for 5 partial liver lobectomy techniques in the dog. Experimental in vivo study. Dogs (n=10). Five surgical techniques (SurgiTie(™) ; LigaSure(™) ; Ultracision(®) Harmonic Scalpel [UAS]; Suction+Clip; Suction+thoracoabdominal stapler [TA]) for partial liver lobectomy in dogs were evaluated and compared for total ...
Bong Jan Jin - - 2011
Partial splenectomy has frequently been advocated to avoid the risk of overwhelming postsplenectomy sepsis. Concerns over adequate haemostasis during partial splenectomy, however, have limited its widespread use. We have previously reported our experience of using radiofrequency (RF) ablation to minimise blood loss during hepatic and splenic resections. In this video, ...
Ai Ye - - 2010
A low-voltage electroosmotic (EO) micropump based on an anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) nano-porous membrane with platinum electrodes coated on both sides has been designed, fabricated, tested, and analyzed. The maximum flow rate of 0.074 ml min(-1) V(-1) cm(-2) for a membrane with porosity of 0.65 was obtained. A theoretical model, ...
Wasowicz Marcin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Accurate risk stratification may help reduce the burden of excessive blood loss after cardiac surgery. We measured the incremental value of thrombelastography to an existing risk prediction model for excessive blood loss in cardiac surgery. METHODS: This observational study included 434 patients who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass ...
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