Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 876
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Carlsson P O - - 2001
The aim of the study was to evaluate effects of cardiac natriuretic peptides on splanchnic circulation, especially to the pancreatic islets. Pentobarbital-anesthetized rats were infused intravenously (0.01 ml/min for 20 min) with saline, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP; 0.25 or 0.5 microg/kg BW/min), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP; 0.5 microg/kg BW/min) or ...
Iwase M - - 2001
The aim of the study was to investigate if hypertension affects pancreatic islet blood flow and endocrine function. For this purpose, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were compared with normotensive control Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Both islet size and islet cell replication in 4-month-old SHR was increased compared with WKY. The (pro)insulin ...
Yamaguchi K - - 2001
Less invasive pancreatic head resection, such as pylorus preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD) and duodenum preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) has been introduced for the treatment of pancreatoduodenal lesions, especially for benign conditions, in consideration of postoperative quality of life. Surgical stress and exocrine and endocrine function of the residual pancreas were ...
Lankisch P G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Early detection of pancreatic necrosis allows better management of the disease. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) as the gold standard for detecting pancreatic necrosis is expensive. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was to evaluate for the first time whether blood glucose estimation on hospital admission--a simple, cheap, readily available ...
Shimotoyodome A - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although therapeutic effects of low-power laser-irradiation on periodontal disease have been reported, little is known about the biological effects of laser-irradiation in the gingiva. Recently we reported that topical warming stimulated macromolecular clearance via lymph flow in hamster gingiva. This study was conducted to investigate whether low-power ...
Kahlenberg M S - - 2001
The status of the porta hepatis lymph nodes in patients with hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer affects their prognosis and management. Lymphatic mapping with isosulfan blue dye is well established in breast cancer and melanoma. An animal model consisting of three dogs receiving general anesthesia was utilized. Each dog underwent ...
Ember Z - - 2000
The distribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in neuronal and non-neuronal porcine pancreatic tissues was examined using nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrogen phosphate diaphorase (NADPHd) enzymehistochemistry and neuronal type NOS immunohistochemistry. NOS-containing perikarya were regularly discernible in the pancreatic ganglia, whereas positive thin nerve fibers appeared within nerve bundles of the ...
Shimotoyodome A - - 2000
The lymphatic system is very important for macromolecular clearance in various tissues, especially in the gingiva. However, the kinetics of macromolecular clearance via the lymph flow in the gingiva are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether thermal or mechanical stimulation affects macromolecular clearance via the ...
Carlsson P O - - 2000
The present study tested the hypothesis that changes in islet blood perfusion occur during the development of diabetes in the multiple low dose streptozotocin-treated mouse. Streptozotocin (40 mg/kg) or citrate buffer was given ip once daily for 5 consecutive days to wild-type and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-deficient C57BL/6 x ...
Ying M - - 2000
This study was undertaken to investigate the vascular patterns and resistance of normal cervical nodes by power Doppler sonography. In 101 subjects who had a sonographic examination of the neck, 1050 lymph nodes were detected. Only central vascularity was found in normal cervical nodes. The degree of vascularity in submental ...
Brunicardi F C - - 2000
Although basal circulating levels of individual islet cell hormones have been measured, few studies compared the molar ratios of the major hormones secreted by the endocrine pancreas. This study examined the basal levels of four major islet hormones: insulin, C-peptide (C-P), glucagon (G), and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) in normal subjects, ...
DembiƄski A - - 2000
We examined the influence of endogenous and exogenous epidermal growth factor (EGF) on pancreatic repair after acute pancreatitis. Caerulein-induced pancreatitis was evoked in rats with intact or removed salivary glands and EGF (10 microg/kg) was administered starting 24 h after cessation of caerulein infusion. The dose of EGF 10 microg/kg ...
Fokin A A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the propagation of viral-size particles by lymph and blood after subcutaneous injection. METHODS: In the canine model, transport of [99mTc] sulfur colloid particles of different sizes was studied in different settings in venous blood and lymph for 45 minutes after inoculation. RESULTS: The mean arrival time of ...
van der Veen P - - 2000
Because electromagnetic diathermia (ED) has been reported to reduce lymphedema, we opted to examine the effects of ED on leg venous and lymph dynamics in healthy subjects. To examine lymph flow, we performed lymphangioscintigraphy (LAS) in 10 subjects without leg edema and used static images at the injection site and ...
Chikui T - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sonographic criteria of the lymph node have been found to be good indicators for metastatic lymph nodes. We determined which sonographic features are most predictive of metastasis in cervical lymph nodes among patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: Gray-scale and power Doppler sonograms were retrospectively analyzed ...
Lewis M P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic blood flow is diminished in experimental models of acute and chronic pancreatitis. We attempted to develop a safe and reliable technique for its measurement in patients and to examine blood flow in patients with chronic pancreatitis and in control subjects. METHOD: Pancreatic blood flow was measured using the ...
Goebel C - - 2000
Blood isotone contrast media is considered to be less toxic to vascular and pancreatic duct endothelium than high-osmolar contrast media. In this study we assessed the impact of a low-osmolar contrast agent compared with a blood isotone product on pancreatic damage induced by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and endoscopic retrograde ...
Tomaszewska R - - 2000
The etiology of acute pancreatitis, apart from alcohol abuse and cholelithiasis may also include a vascular component responsible for pancreatic ischemia. It is now acknowledged that chronic pancreatitis may be a consequence of the acute variant, but it remains unclear what factors influence this sequence of morphological changes. In order ...
Sudo E - - 2000
We have shown that low molecular weight dextran, as a potential mucolytic agent, reduced the viscoelasticity and spinnability of cystic fibrosis (CF) sputum and improved its ciliary transportability in vitro; it also reduced viscoelasticity of healthy dog mucus in in vitro testing. In anesthetized dogs, dextran administered by aerosol at ...
Kelly S B - - 1999
Massive bleeding from a pancreatic pseudocyst is a rare condition that poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. A 36-yr-old woman presented with acute pancreatitis due to gallstones. Twenty-two days later, she developed severe abdominal pain and hypotension. CT scan revealed hemorrhage into a pancreatic pseudocyst and a large amount of ...
Patel A G - - 1999
To study the relation between fibrosis, pancreatic blood flow (PMBF), interstitial pH (pHi), and the effects of pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) in chronic pancreatitis. Chronic pancreatitis is associated with low PMBF and pHi, suggesting the existence of underlying ischemia. In cats, the main pancreatic duct was partially obstructed and the animals were ...
Keim V - - 1999
The pancreatitis-associated protein (PAP) was investigated in patients with hereditary and chronic alcoholic pancreatitis. Blood levels of pancreatic enzymes and PAP were measured in nine families with hereditary pancreatitis; in three of them, the mutation N21I, and in six, the R117H variant of the cationic trypsinogen were present. In all ...
Hartwig W - - 1999
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intracellular activation of trypsinogen is currently believed to initiate pancreatitis. Factors responsible for the progression of mild to necrotizing pancreatitis are poorly understood. This study evaluated the significance of interstitial protease release and activation in this process. METHODS: In rats with cerulein-induced pancreatitis, concentrations of trypsinogen and ...
Plusczyk T - - 1999
Using in vivo microscopy red blood cell (RBC) velocities, functional capillary density (FCD) and capillary diameters were estimated after inducing acute pancreatitis by intraductal infusion of sodium taurocholate (0.8 ml; 4%) or after topical superfusion of the pancreas with ET-1 (100 pmol). Sodium taurocholate mediated a significant decrease in RBC ...
Foitzik T - - 1999
Failure of intestinal barrier function and subsequent translocation of bacteria from the gut are believed to play a decisive role in the development of systemic septic complications, for example, following major trauma or major abdominal surgery. This study evaluated: (a) the effect of glutamine on colonic microcirculation and electrophysiological parameters ...
Schilling M K - - 1999
Experimental chronic pancreatitis is associated with microcirculatory disturbances but can also be induced or aggravated by perfusion changes. Microcirculatory alterations in human chronic pancreatitis are poorly defined. In this clinical study we investigated pancreatic microcirculation in the normal human pancreas and in chronic pancreatitis by laser Doppler flowmetry. Laparotomy was ...
Migita Y - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Pancreastatin (PST) is an inhibitor of pancreatic exocrine secretion in vivo but not in vitro, which suggests that the inhibitory effect of PST is indirect, that is, not mediated by a specific receptor on pancreatic acinar cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of PST on pancreatic exocrine ...
Zallen G - - 1999
Mesenteric lymph has recently been invoked as an avenue for gut-derived factors that may result in distant organ injury following hemorrhagic shock. We demonstrate that posthemorrhagic shock mesenteric lymph primes neutrophils (PMNs) and causes lung injury. Methods. Mesenteric lymph was collected from Sprague-Dawley rats from their mesenteric lymph duct prior ...
Foitzik T - - 1999
Many of the complications of severe acute pancreatitis are the result of the amplifying effects of microcirculatory disruption. The factors causing microcirculatory disorders in acute pancreatitis involve vasoactive mediators such as platelet-activating factor (PAF) and endothelin-1 (ET) activated during the inflammatory response to pancreatic injury. To further evaluate the potential ...
Juvonen P O - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Gut hypoperfusion may have a role in the pathogenesis of multiple organ failure, which is a the main cause of death in severe acute pancreatitis. We hypothesized that gut hypoperfusion is present early in acute pancreatitis and that supporting the systemic hemodynamics by fluid resuscitation would prevent this. METHODS: ...
Iizuka S - - 1999
We measured the lymph flow of the thoracic duct using an ultrasound transit-time flowmeter and then analyzed the obtained flow signals by fast Fourier transform. We found that the wave form included a low frequency component (approximately 0.1 Hz) as well as high frequency components which represented cordiac pulsation and ...
Tschammler A - - 1999
Intranodal angioarchitecture was used as criterion for the differential diagnosis of lymph node alterations by colour duplex sonography. The influence of the adjustment of the duplex unit on the diagnostic accuracy and on the rate of lymph nodes with detectable intranodal flow signals was tested. A total of 243 superficial ...
Godziachvili V - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Blood flow in the pancreas before and after transplantation has not been studied sufficiently. Blood flow in the pancreatic transplant as a function of type vascular anastomosis used has not been explored. AIM: The objective of our study was to study blood flow in the intact pancreas prior to ...
Wagner E M - - 1998
The lymphatic vessels of the lung provide an important route for clearance of interstitial edema fluid filtered from pulmonary blood vessels. However, the importance of lung lymphatics for the removal of airway liquid filtered from the systemic circulation of the lung has not been demonstrated. We studied the contribution of ...
Carlsson P O - - 1998
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether inhibition of the enzyme carbonic anhydrase with acetazolamide interfered with pancreatic islet and whole splanchnic blood perfusion in rats. Carbonic anhydrase is present both in the endocrine cells and, in particular, the endothelium of the pancreatic islet. Thiobutabarbital-anaesthetized, male Sprague-Dawley ...
Strasberg S M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic failure after pancreaticojejunostomy is still a common problem. Failure rates have not decreased perceptibly in the past 3 decades. The neck of the pancreas is a vascular watershed between celiac and superior mesenteric arterial systems. Prior attempts to reduce anastomotic failure at pancreaticojejunostomy have not focused on issues ...
Hotz H G - - 1998
Translocation of bacteria from the intestine causes local and systemic infection in severe acute pancreatitis. Increased intestinal permeability is considered a promoter of bacterial translocation. The mechanism leading to increased gut permeability may involve impaired intestinal capillary blood flow. The aim of this study was to evaluate and correlate early ...
Adibelli Z H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of color Doppler sonography in detecting possible differences in blood flow patterns and B-mode sonographic characteristics between malignant and benign cervical lymph nodes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a period of 10 months, the palpable cervical lymph nodes of 39 patients were prospectively evaluated with B-mode ...
Carlsson P O - - 1998
This study aimed to elucidate possible age-related changes in islet blood perfusion in lean and obese C57BL/6 mice. Obese mice aged 1 mo were hyperglycemic and hyperinsulinemic and had an increased islet blood flow compared with age-matched lean mice. This augmented blood flow could be abolished by pretreatment with leptin. ...
Chen H M - - 1998
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in microcirculation during the development of acute pancreatitis was not clear. An in vivo microscopic technique was used for evaluating leukocyte-endothelial adherence in the pancreatic microcirculation after induction (cerulein) of acute pancreatitis. Microdialysis was performed to detect pancreatic nitrate concentration (NO level) by high-performance ...
Carlsson P O - - 1998
The present study tested the hypothesis that changes in pancreatic islet blood flow correlate with the difference in diabetes incidence between male and female nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. The blood flows were determined by a microsphere technique. In animals aged 10 and 14 weeks, the islet blood perfusion was 3-fold ...
Bargoni A - - 1998
PURPOSE: To evaluate the uptake and transport of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN), which have been proposed as alternative drug carriers, into the lymph and blood after duodenal administration in rats. METHODS: Single doses of two different concentrations of aqueous dispersions of unlabelled and labelled SLN (average diameter 80 nm) were ...
Jansson L - - 1998
The islet organ of the Atlantic hagfish, a cyclostome, phylogenetically is the most original islet parenchyma. It is well equipped with blood vessels, but lacks nerves. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relative proportions between regional blood flows in these animals with a microsphere technique and ...
Christi K S - - 1998
The present investigation on pancreatic juice (PJ) and duodenal fluid (DF) was carried out in 10 crossbred (Jersey x Kankrej) male cow calves from birth to early ruminant state (15 week). The respective samples were measured in situ by cannulating the pancreatic duct and duodenal lumen, 30 minutes before feeding ...
Werner J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To validate the safety of gadolinium-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (GD-DTPA) by measuring its effect on pancreatic capillary perfusion and acinar injury in acute pancreatitis. BACKGROUND: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) is proposed as a gold standard for early evaluation of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. However, iodinated contrast media used for CECT have ...
Lo S K - - 1998
A reduction of pancreatic blood flow has been observed in acute and chronic pancreatitis in animal models. Most available blood flow techniques are either too invasive or impractical to carry out in humans. Since the arrival of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), our understanding and management of pancreatic disorders has gradually ...
Enghofer M - - 1997
Intravenous administration of streptozotocin (STZ) leads to permanent diabetes mellitus in rats. We investigated the possible role of islet microcirculatory changes and free radical formation in this animal model. In vivo fluorescence microscopy was performed for 4 h after administration of STZ. Vascular permeability, capillary blood flow, and endothelial leukocyte ...
Flarend R E - - 1997
Aluminium hydroxide (AH) and aluminium phosphate (AP) adjuvants, labelled with 26Al, were injected intramuscularly (i.m.) in New Zealand White rabbits. Blood and urine samples were collected for 28 days and analysed for 26Al using accelerator mass spectrometry to determine the absorption and elimination of AH and AP adjuvants. 26Al was ...
Ruokonen E - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To measure the blood flow distribution and oxygen transport in pancreatitis and to evaluate the regional effects of increased systemic blood flow. DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. SETTING: A general intensive care unit in a tertiary care center. PATIENTS: 10 patients with pancreatitis requiring mechanical ventilation were studied after fluid ...
Linardi P M - - 1997
Dry blood from mammals and birds was used as larval diet for the development of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché), in the laboratory. Diets that contained host blood and cornmeal heated at 40 degrees C for 30 min were inadequate for most larvae to form pupae. Development time ...
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