Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 872
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Johansson Magnus - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate how an acute increase in functional demand for insulin release affected islet blood perfusion in anesthetized rats. METHODS: We measured total pancreatic and islet blood flow with differently colored microspheres before and 30 minutes after a 50% partial pancreatectomy. RESULTS: The ...
Sawicki V - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the location and intensity of angiogenesis as well as selected flow parameters by transvaginal color Doppler (TVCD) and to evaluate the relation of myometrial invasion, histological grading, lymph nodes, and omental and adnexal metastasis on blood flow characteristics in endometrial cancer. METHODS: Transvaginal colour Doppler and pulsed ...
Vajdovich Péter - - 2005
Free radical and antioxidant parameters in healthy dogs (n=10) and dogs with non-Hodgkin lymphomas (n=11) were measured in blood and lymph node tissue samples before chemotherapy. Enzymatic and other biochemical measurements were performed. We found that (i) free radical concentrations based on ESR spectra of tissues correlated with higher proliferative ...
Rahman Sakhawat H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Soluble CD14 is derived from a membrane glycoprotein, and it enhances endothelial cytokine responses to lipopolysaccharide. We studied the role of soluble CD14 in the pathogenesis of the systemic inflammatory response associated with acute pancreatitis, to determine whether altered expression was due to a functional C-260T polymorphism in the ...
Goto Manabu - - 2004
Central neuropeptides play a role in physiological regulation through the autonomic nervous system. Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is a neuropeptide distributed throughout the central nervous system and acts as a neurotransmitter to regulate gastric and hepatic functions through vagal-cholinergic pathways. In this study, the central effect of TRH on pancreatic blood ...
Houtz P K - - 2004
Elastase-induced changes in flow were used to quantify the degradation of lung interstitial elastin. Degassed rabbit lungs were inflated with silicon rubber via airways and vessels. The lungs were cut into 1-cm-thick sections. Two chambers were bonded to each section to enclose the interstitium surrounding an arterial segment. Flow of ...
Zabielski R - - 2004
The activity of the upper gastrointestinal tract is periodic. It concerns the gastrointestinal and gallbladder motility, gastrointestinal blood flow, gastric, intestinal, pancreatic and biliary secretions, rate of nutrient absorption, and many other physiological events. Nowadays, the periodic activity of the gastrointestinal tract is considered as a basic physiological pattern in ...
Sharma Shobha - - 2004
Pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) may be difficult to differentiate from isolated glands of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. We studied the normal relationship between the pancreatic ducts and the pancreatic muscular blood vessels in 126 pancreata, 64 of which were removed for pancreatic adenocarcinoma and 62 for other diagnoses. We also examined the ...
Svensson A M - - 2004
Increased blood perfusion of pancreatic islets is seen during various conditions of increased demand for insulin secretion. Pregnancy confers an increased need for insulin secretion, met by increased islet mass and volume as well as a decreased threshold for glucose-induced insulin secretion. In the present study, whole pancreatic and islet ...
Takeuchi Takashi - - 2004
Using adult rats, the characteristic transporting system for lactoferrin (LF) from intestinal lumen into the blood circulation was investigated. The rats were randomly divided into two groups, a non-collected thoracic lymph (NC) group and a collected thoracic lymph (LC) group. Peripheral blood and thoracic lymph were collected from a jugular ...
Wu Jian Xin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in the expression of the somatostatin receptor (SSTR) of the pancreas and of pancreatic blood flow, and its relationship to the metabolism of eicosanoids in order to elucidate the effectiveness of octreotide, an analog of somatostatin, in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP). METHODS: A model of ANP ...
Pohle T - - 2003
One hundred years ago E. L. Opie proposed two distinct hypotheses to address the pathogenesis of gallstone-induced pancreatitis. These hypotheses appear mutually exclusive. The first predicts that impediment to the flow of pancreatic juice causes pancreatitis (the pancreatic duct obstruction hypothesis), whereas the second predicts that bile flow into the ...
Iwase Masanori - - 2003
Although a number of studies have investigated the effect of cholecystokinin (CCK) on pancreatic blood flow and exocrine function, few have addressed the effect of CCK on islet blood flow. Here, we studied the effect of exogenous CCK on islet blood flow in anesthetized rats. Islet blood flow was measured ...
Ohigashi Hiroaki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: For locally advanced and nonresectable cancer of the pancreas, we performed intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy with angiotensin-II (AT-II). In our preliminary report, this treatment resulted in a median of 14 months of survival without objective adverse effects. This study was designed to clarify the prognostic factor in this chemotherapy by ...
Kar Manoranjan - - 2003
A 61-year-old male presented with recurrent bouts of haematemesis and melaena for last 10 days. On examination, he was found anaemic and had jaundice and a mass felt in the right hypochondrium. He required multiple blood transfusions. Oesophagogastroduodenoscopic (OGD) evaluation demonstrated no lesion, no fresh bleeding noticed from ampulla of ...
Jansson Leif - - 2003
K(ATP) channels are important for insulin secretion and depolarization of vascular smooth muscle. In view of the importance of drugs affecting K(ATP) channels in the treatment of diabetes, we investigated the effects of these channels on splanchnic blood perfusion in general and pancreatic islet blood flow in particular. We treated ...
Dembiński Artur - - 2003
In various organs, including heart, kidneys, brain, liver and stomach, preconditioning by brief exposure to ischemia protects the organ against damage evoked by subsequent severe ischemia. This study has been undertaken to check whether two brief ischemic periods protect the pancreas against severe ischemia/reperfusion-induced pancreatitis and, if so, what is ...
Dugernier Thierry L - - 2003
Local and systemic inflammation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis and secondary multisystem organ failure. To assess the pro- and antiinflammatory response, the site of mediator production, and their route of diffusion, we sampled simultaneously ascites, thoracic lymph, and blood at the onset of end-organ dysfunction and ...
McGrath James - - 2003
The vertebrate body plan has conserved handed left-right (LR) asymmetry that is manifested in the heart, lungs, and gut. Leftward flow of extracellular fluid at the node (nodal flow) is critical for normal LR axis determination in the mouse. Nodal flow is generated by motile node cell monocilia and requires ...
Johansson Magnus - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Microcirculatory mechanisms have been suggested to be involved in the development of acute pancreatitis. Islet blood flow has not previously been studied in this disease. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of caerulein-induced pancreatitis on pancreatic blood perfusion, especially islet blood flow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Continuous 4 ...
Carlsson P-O - - 2003
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of induced hypoglycaemia on pancreatic-islet blood flow in normal rats and in the GK rat, an animal model of Type 2 diabetes which normally has an increased islet blood perfusion. METHODS: A 50% reduction in blood glucose concentrations was ...
Bruneau Nadine - - 2003
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Bile salt-dependent lipase (BSDL) has been detected in human blood, where it is assumed to play a substantial role in atherosclerosis. The origin of this circulating enzyme is unknown. The aim of this study was to show that blood BSDL originates from pancreatic exocrine secretions via a ...
Svensson Annika M - - 2003
The aim of the investigation was to study the influence of the superoxide anion on pancreatic islet blood flow in rats. For this purpose, blood flow measurements were conducted with a microsphere technique 10 min after intravenous administration of different doses of superoxide dismutase (5, 15, 50, 100 or 1000 ...
Yin Tong - - 2003
AIM: To elucidate the relationship between lymph node sinuses with blood and lymphatic metastasis of gastric cancer. METHODS: Routine autopsy was carried out in the randomly selected 102 patients (among them 100 patients died of various diseases, and 2 patients died of non-diseased reasons), their superficial lymph nodes locating in ...
Qin H-L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In patients with major trauma and burns, total enteral nutrition (TEN) significantly decreases the acute phase response and incidence of septic complications when compared with total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Traditionally, it was believed that early intrajejunal nutrition (EIN) in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) may exacerbate the clinical pathological features, ...
Altaras Marco M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Cytokeratins (CKs) are constituents of the intermediate filaments of epithelial cells which are expressed in various combinations, depending on the epithelial type and the degree of differentiation. Using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique, we recently demonstrated that cytokeratin-20 (CK-20), the most recently discovered cytokeratin, is expressed in ...
Vazquez-Jimenez J F - - 2002
To assess the concentrations of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) in cardiac lymph compared with coronary sinus (CS) blood and to measure cardiac lymph flow before and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In 21 pigs, the main cardiac lymph trunk was cannulated before institution of standardized CPB. ...
Iwase Masanori - - 2002
Although it has been hypothesized that initial hyperperfusion followed by late hypoperfusion in islet circulation occurs in rodent models of type 2 diabetes, islet blood flow has not been measured during prediabetic phase. We studied islet blood flow in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a model of slowly progressive ...
Schmidt Jan - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: The development of acute pancreatitis is characterized by profound changes in pancreatic microcirculation. Using in vivo microscopy with fluorescent-labeled erythrocytes as tracers we studied changes in pancreatic microcirculation in an improved rat model of necrotizing pancreatitis (NP) in comparison to edematous pancreatitis (EP) and healthy controls. METHODS: Twenty-one male ...
Badet Lionel - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Mouse islets transplanted under the renal subcapsular space of cynomolgus monkeys are subject to a form of hyperacute rejection, the mechanism of which is unclear. As islets are in contact with whole blood at the time of transplantation, the effect of platelets and the coagulation cascade on islet destruction ...
Chikui Toru - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Experimental models of lymph node metastasis were developed for Doppler sonography. METHODS: Cervical lymph node (LN) metastasis was induced by the implantation of a VX-2 tumor on the oral floor of 10 rabbits. Twenty metastatic LNs were observed weekly by power Doppler sonography, and the presence of an avascular ...
Qin Huan-Long - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of early intrajejunal nutrition in attenuating bacterial and/or endotoxin translocation and improving gut barrier function of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in dogs. METHODS: 15 dogs were divided into parenteral nutrition (PN) group (7 dogs) and early intrajejunal nutrition (EIN) group (8). EIN was delivered nutrients ...
Bojarski Krzysztof - - 2002
The experiment was conducted upon 200 male rats of Wistar breed, weight 250-350 g, according to Heinkel and Aho's method. Four groups of rats were separated: Z--healthy (20), K1--control (60), K2--control (60), D--experimental (60). After 6, 12, 24, 48 hours since the acute pancreatitis was induced, the rats were anesthetized ...
Carlsson Per-Ola - - 2002
We investigated if coloured microspheres could be used for repeated measurements of pancreatic islet blood flow in rats. An initial injection of 1.0-1.5 x 10(5) microspheres (black colour), with a size of 10 or 15 microm, was made into the ascending aorta, while an arterial reference sample was collected from ...
Carlsson Per-Ola - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Several biological activities have been ascribed to islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP). However, their physiological relevance remains unclear. Previous studies in rats with exogenous administration of IAPP suggest that the peptide may increase splanchnic vascular resistance and redistribute the blood flow within the pancreas to the islets. In this study, ...
Salomone Teresa - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIM: Acute pancreatitis is primed and sustained by a chain of immuno-inflammatory factors. In this study, we investigated the possible existence of peripheral blood mononuclear cell apoptosis as a self-limitation mechanism in acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cell apoptosis was determined cytofluorometrically daily for 10 days from the onset ...
Uhlmann D - - 2001
Pancreatic microvascular control is a complex physiological process which is incompletely understood. Blood flow in the pancreas is altered by a large number of endogenous and exogenous factors in the context of acute and chronic pancreatitis. The frequency of progression from acute pancreatitis to a chronic form is a controversial ...
El-Azazy O M - - 2001
Little is known about tick-borne diseases in Saudi Arabia, particularly regarding the prevalence of theileriosis in small ruminants. This survey studied the potential vectors of malignant theileriosis in Saudi Arabian sheep. Blood, lymph node and tick samples were collected from animals being treated or necropsied at the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory ...
Minnebaev M M - - 2001
Anaphylactic shock causes changes in the transport chain of lipid metabolism in the blood-tissue-lymph-blood system. During the early periods of shock, the changes in lipid composition of the lymph and blood result from increased permeability of the blood-tissue barriers, while at later terms, these processes are primarily determined by metabolic ...
Carlsson P O - - 2001
Secretin is a stimulator of both endocrine and exocrine secretions of the pancreas, and we aimed to evaluate its effects on splanchnic blood flow in rats with a microsphere technique. Anesthetized rats were infused with secretin (0.5 or 2.0 micrograms/kg body weight/hr) for 10 minutes. Some animals were normoglycemic, whereas ...
Pezerović-Panijan R - - 2001
The aim of the article is to investigate the development of blood and lymph systems in human parathyroid glands in prenatal and postnatal periods. The first capillaries are observed in these glands already in the lunar month 2. At the middle of pregnancy blood supply is increased, being extremely abundant ...
Plusczyk T - - 2001
The differential effects of endothelin-1, -2, and -3 (ET-1, ET-2, and ET-3) on pancreatic microcirculation, pancreatic tissue integrity, and an initial inflammatory response, which are three distinct characteristics of acute necrotizing pancreatitis, were investigated in a dose-dependent manner in rats using in vivo microscopy. Red blood cell (RBC) velocity and ...
Iwase M - - 2001
Anesthesia affects general hemodynamics and regulation of organ perfusion. We used colored microspheres to measure pancreatic islet blood flow in conscious rats at two time points, during either hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. This method, using black and green microspheres, was validated by comparison with previous microsphere experiments and by lack of ...
Jin C - - 2001
The effects of human alpha-calcitonin gene-related peptide (alpha-CGRP) and beta-CGRP on pancreatic arterial (PA), superior mesenteric (SMA) and left gastric arterial (LGA) blood flows were studied by ultrasound transit-time blood flow meters in five conscious dogs. Intravenous injections of alpha-CGRP and beta-CGRP (5-200 pmol/kg) induced a dose-related increase in PA ...
Ying M - - 2001
AIM: This study was undertaken to investigate variations in the vascularity and grey-scale sonographic features of cervical lymph nodes with their size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High resolution grey-scale sonography and power Doppler sonography were performed in 1133 cervical nodes in 109 volunteers who had a sonographic examination of the neck. ...
Schleicher C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between hepatic reticuloendothelial system (RES) dysfunction and the development of acute biliary pancreatitis. In an opossum model, the authors tested the hypothesis that RES blockade can turn the mild pancreatitis seen after pancreatic duct obstruction (PDO) into the severe form. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Biliary obstruction ...
Moldovan S - - 2001
The present article summarizes scientific observations of the endocrine pancreas anatomy and physiology into a unifying hypothesis. The data were generated over the years by surgical fellows using human and rat isolated perfused pancreas models and in vivo islet microcirculation models. The endocrine pancreas secretes a hormonal milieu regulated by ...
Manfredi R - - 2001
MRCP is able to non-invasively assess the pancreatic ducts, with moderate/high agreement with ERCP: There is however a high number of false negative results, mainly due to the small size of the main pancreatic duct, especially in the tail, and side branches. Secretin stimulates the exocrine pancreas with accumulation of ...
Nakajima M - - 2001
The regulatory mechanisms of postprandial pancreatic hyperemia are not well characterized. The aim of this study is to clarify the role of cholecystokinin (CCK) in the intestinal phase of pancreatic circulation. Pancreatic, gastric, and intestinal blood flows were measured by ultrasound transit-time blood flowmeters in five conscious dogs. Pancreatic and ...
Carlsson P O - - 2001
The aim of the study was to evaluate effects of cardiac natriuretic peptides on splanchnic circulation, especially to the pancreatic islets. Pentobarbital-anesthetized rats were infused intravenously (0.01 ml/min for 20 min) with saline, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP; 0.25 or 0.5 microg/kg BW/min), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP; 0.5 microg/kg BW/min) or ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >