Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 876
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Tutcu Semra - - 2010
It is known that acute pancreatitis may cause secondary changes in several organs. Liver is one of these involved organs. In different experimental studies hepatic damages were shown histopathologically in acute pancreatitis but there are a few studies about perfusion disorders that accompany these histopathologic changes. Perfusion CT (pCT) provides ...
Iwase Masanori - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors are reported to be beneficial in delaying the onset of diabetes mellitus. Since islet blood hyperperfusion during hyperglycaemia may be detrimental to endothelium in pancreatic islets and eventually lead to beta-cell dysfunction, we studied acute and chronic effects of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARB) ...
Sha Huanchen - - 2009
The consistently high proportion of early deaths in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) has been associated mainly with the development of multiple organ dysfunction syndromes (MODS). So far, scholars believed that the main reasons of MODS with SAP are systemic microcirculation dysfunction and inflammatory mediator induced cascading effect on ...
Nyman Lara R - - 2008
The pancreatic islets of Langerhans are highly vascularized micro-organs that play a key role in the regulation of blood glucose homeostasis. The specific arrangement of endocrine cell types in islets suggests a coupling between morphology and function within the islet. Here, we established a line-scanning confocal microscopy approach to examine ...
Vollmar Brigitte - - 2008
Although the exocrine gland frequently has I/R-associated complications such as posttransplant pancreatitis, hypoxia-induced dysfunction of pancreatic endocrine tissue is rarely observed. However, sympathetic hypersensitivity is accused of impaired endocrine function observed in human pancreatic grafts. These tissue-confined differences in susceptibility might be attributed to a distinct islet-specific regulatory control of ...
Erba Paolo - - 2008
Ilioinguinal dissection is associated with a high rate of lymphatic complications. Prolonged lymph flow causes greatest concern and preventive strategies are needed. A retrospective study of 28 consecutive patients undergoing groin dissection for melanoma metastases was performed to evaluate the influence of sartorius muscle transposition on lymph flow. Modification of ...
Nemecek Eneida R - - 2008
Radiolabeled anti-CD20 antibodies have demonstrated impressive efficacy in the treatment of relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, the amount of radiation that can be delivered to eradicate the malignancy is limited by toxicity to normal organs. We examined an "extracorporeal adsorption therapy" (ECAT) method to remove circulating unbound radioimmunoconjugate and improve the ...
Vollmar Brigitte - - 2008
Although the exocrine gland frequently has I/R-associated complications such as posttransplant pancreatitis, hypoxia-induced dysfunction of pancreatic endocrine tissue is rarely observed. However, sympathetic hypersensitivity is accused of impaired endocrine function observed in human pancreatic grafts. These tissue-confined differences in susceptibility might be attributed to a distinct islet-specific regulatory control of ...
Jin Hai-Tao - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Polyamines are essential to survival, growth, and proliferation of mammalian cells. Previous studies have suggested that the pancreatic polyamine levels may change in acute pancreatitis. In this study, the changes of polyamine levels in the pancreas have been studied with respect to the severity of pancreatitis. We investigated whether ...
Zakaria El Rasheid el - - 2008
The magnitude of peritoneal lymph flow is an issue of great controversy in peritoneal dialysis (PD) research. Because no single lymphatic duct drains the entire peritoneal cavity, peritoneal lymph flow is indirectly measured as lymphatic removal of intraperitoneal macromolecular tracer. In rats, the peritoneal clearance (K) of such a tracer ...
Nicholl Richard M - - 2008
Animal models and observations in human neonates suggest fetal exocrine pancreas vulnerability to reduced maternofetal blood flow. We investigated the relationship between superior mesenteric artery blood flow velocity (sma bfv) and exocrine pancreatic function, in a cohort of very low birth weight (VLBW) babies. Group 1: 9 babies < 3rd ...
Meriläinen Sanna - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear why pancreatitis progresses either to mild edematous disease or to severe necrotic disease. The aim of the study was to shed some light on this topic by investigating differences during the early stages of necrotic and edematous pancreatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Piglets were randomized into two ...
Forst T - - 2008
During the recent years, the role of C-peptide, released from the pancreatic beta cell, in regulating microvascular blood flow, has received increasing attention. In type 1 diabetic patients, intravenous application of C-peptide in physiological concentrations was shown to increase microvascular blood flow, and to improve microvascular endothelial function and the ...
Linder G - - 2007
Radiological contrast media (CM) have been suggested to be able to impair pancreatic microcirculation. To evaluate the effects of an iso-osmolar (iodixanol, 290 mOsm/kg H2O) and a low-osmolar (iopromide, 660 mOsm/kg H2O) CM on total pancreatic and islet blood perfusion. Thiobutabarbital-anesthetized rats were injected with iodine equivalent doses (600 mg ...
Lindstedt Sandra - - 2007
: Hypothermia is known to limit the extent of myocardial infarction. The earlier hypothermia is applied to an ischemic myocardium, the more tissue can be salvaged. Topical negative pressure (TNP) is known to increase blood flow and stimulate angiogenesis in subcutaneous tissue and skeletal muscle. We have previously shown that ...
Lin Wei-Ching - - 2007
Pancreatic lipomatosis is defined as deposition of fat cells in pancreatic parenchyma. Although the etiology of this condition is still unclear, it is not uncommon in the elderly, obese individuals, and a variety of transfusion-dependent hematologic diseases such as beta-thalassemia major. Pancreatic lipomatosis associated with transfusion-dependent myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) has ...
Hultström Michael - - 2007
The aim of the study was to characterize the effects of induced moderate hypothermia on splanchnic blood flow, with particular reference to that of the pancreas and the islets of Langerhans. We also investigated how interference with the autonomic nervous system at different levels influenced the blood perfusion during hypothermia. ...
Svensson Annika M - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of GLP-1 [glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36)-amide] on total pancreatic, islet and intestinal blood perfusion in spontaneously hyperglycaemic GK rats and normal Wistar rats using a microsphere technique. GK rats had hyperglycaemia and increased pancreatic and islet blood flow. Blood glucose concentrations ...
Lai En Yin - - 2007
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor, which also stimulates insulin release. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether exogenously administered ET-1 affected pancreatic islet blood flow in vivo in rats and the islet arteriolar reactivity in vitro in mice. Furthermore, we aimed to determine the ET-receptor ...
Jansson Leif - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that the high basal pancreatic islet blood perfusion is crucially dependent on nitric oxide formation. Arginase can interfere with the formation of nitric oxide by limiting substrate availability. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of arginase on islet blood perfusion ...
Galanzha E I - - 2007
Rat mesentery has been widely used to study microvascular functions. The goal of this work is to extend this animal model to monitor blood and lymph microvessel function during lymphedema. Lymphedema is created by microsurgical removal of regional lymph nodes (lymphadenectomy) or ligation of the collecting vein. Water volume in ...
Symersky T - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Intraluminal nutrients stimulate superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow. Of the macronutrients, especially fat affects the magnitude of the SMA blood flow response to a meal. Little is known however on the influence of fat hydrolysis on SMA flow. METHODS: We compared in eight healthy volunteers the ...
Vokes David E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Propofol is an intravenous agent used in anesthesia. Lipemia is an uncommon adverse effect of propofol infusion. METHODS: A patient undergoing neck dissection for recurrent chordoma had intraoperative lipemia develop after prolonged propofol infusion. RESULTS: Lipemia gave blood in the surgical field a milky appearance resembling chyle, but no ...
Wexler Roseanne S - - 2006
Described in this protocol is a rat preparation that serves as a sensitive, reliable in vivo assay of peripheral vascular resistance. Experiments are conducted on conscious animals 5 days following the surgical implantation of an arterial pressure catheter in the carotid artery and a transit time flow probe on the ...
Zhang Xi-Ping - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common acute abdomen with high mortality, multiple complications and complicated causes. There is no effective therapy for AP. Radix salviae miltiorrhizae (Danshen), a traditional herbal medicine, has a low price and a wide range of clinical applications. It is effective to promote blood flow, ...
Naito T - - 2006
AIM: Lung lymph has commonly been studied using a lymph fistula created by tube cannulation into the efferent duct of the caudal mediastinal node in sheep. In this method, the tail region of the caudal mediastinal node is resected and the diaphragm is cauterized to exclude systemic lymph contamination, and ...
Takeuchi Takashi - - 2006
We have previously demonstrated that intestinally infused bovine lactoferrin (bLF) is transported into the blood circulation via the lymphatic pathway, not via the portal circulation. Therefore, in the present study, we further investigated whether intragastrically infused enteric-formulated bLF (EF-bLF) was more efficiently absorbed than bLF from the intestine in adult ...
Bird N C - - 2006
Clinical research into the formation of gallstones has indicated that the anatomy of the cystic duct is one of a number of factors contributing to the formation of gallstones. The cystic duct allows low-viscosity hepatic bile to enter the gallbladder under low pressure and the expulsion of a more viscous ...
Freise Hendrik - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis has been linked to intestinal barrier dysfunction and systemic inflammatory response with high mortality. Thoracic epidural analgesia improves intestinal perfusion. The authors hypothesized that thoracic epidural analgesia influences microcirculation injury, inflammatory response, and outcome of acute pancreatitis in rats. METHODS: Control groups underwent a sham procedure or ...
Hornum M - - 2006
Blood flow in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) increases after a meal due to a vasoactive effect of the decomposed food. In exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, the digestion of food is compromised. We used duplex ultrasound to test the hypothesis that blood flow in the SMA after a meal increases less ...
Verberne Anthony J M - - 2006
The pancreas receives sympathetic input which arises from several premotor cell groups in the CNS including the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). In this study, we examined the influence of electrical stimulation of the RVLM on pancreatic blood flow measured by laser Doppler flowmetry and gastric blood flow measured by ultrasonic ...
Akaydin Y - - 2006
In this study, the presence of haemal nodes, previously recognised especially in ruminants, was determined for the first time in piglets. The morphology of haemal nodes located in the abdominal cavity of seven piglets was studied by gross inspection and by histological methods. Haemal nodes reddish in colour and oval ...
Cuthbertson C M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis is characterized by pancreatic necrosis, resulting in local and systemic inflammation. Pancreatitis affects both the systemic and pancreatic vasculature. This review focuses on the underlying processes involved in the changes of microvascular anatomy following acute pancreatitis. METHODS: A Medline/PubMed search (January 1966 to December 2005) with ...
Guija de Arespacochaga A - - 2006
A clinical diagnosis of acute pancreatitis is often difficult to obtain. Histopathology remains the gold standard, whereas clinical signs, diagnostic imaging and laboratory testing, even in combination, may be insufficient. In a prospective study, lipase activity in ascitic fluid of various aetiologies was determined in 44 dogs in order to ...
KARASAWA, KORENOBU
In adult rabbita,chief lymphoid organs such as the mesenterial lymph nodes,vermiform appendix and apleen,sa well as other several small lymph nodes,were removed.The total weight of the removed lymphoid organs amounted to approximately 80 per cent of that of the entire lymphoid organs.In the rabbit the mesenterial lymph nodes unite in ...
Demirag Alp A Surgical Research Unit, Department of Surgery, University Hospital Geneva, 24, Rue Micheli-du-Crest, 1211, Geneva 14, - - 2006
To investigate the effect of epidural anaesthesia (EA) on pancreatic microcirculation during acute pancreatitis (AP). AP was induced by injection of sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct of Sprague-Dawley rats. To realize EA, a catheter was introduced into the epidural space between T7 and T9 and bupivacaine was injected. Microcirculatory ...
Carlsson P-O - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether carbon monoxide, a known gaseous vasorelaxator, affects pancreatic islet blood flow in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were anaesthetized with thiobutabarbital and injected intravenously with the haem oxygenase inhibitor tin-protoporphyrin IX dichloride (SnPP; 4, 10 or 20 mg/kg body-weight). After 15 min, blood flow measurements ...
Xu Xue Feng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of glutamine on splanchnic blood flow, apoptosis of pancreatic acinar and the underlying mechanism in rats with severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Forty-eight rats were randomized into two groups: the glutamine group (n = 24) and the severe acute pancreatitis group (n = 24). Jejunotomy was ...
Yoneda Masashi - - 2005
Central administration of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) enhanced pancreatic blood flow in animal models. TRH nerve fibers and receptors are localized in the dorsal vagal complex (DVC), and retrograde tracing techniques have shown that pancreatic vagal nerves arise from the DVC. However, nothing is known about the central sites of action ...
Wachtel Mitchell S - - 2005
A prior study of pancreatic duct-arteriovenous relationships suggested that finding ducts near muscularized blood vessels without intervening pancreatic acini indicated adenocarcinoma was present. Because focal changes of chronic pancreatitis are often seen at autopsy, it seemed reasonable to use the autopsy to test the hypothesis that this finding might be ...
Berezina Tamara L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Both experimental and clinical studies have shown that acute pancreatitis (AP) causes a significant decrease in red blood cell (RBC) deformability. The mechanisms by which AP induces RBC injury are unknown. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that factors carried in the mesenteric lymph after ...
Aukland K - - 2005
This article reviews studies on lymph propulsion in the lymph vessels by active contraction of the vessels, first described by Arnold Heller in 1869 in German language, and here translated into English. His observations were first confirmed by Beatrice Carrier (1926) and Howard Flory et al. (1927), and several groups ...
Konturek Peter C - - 2005
AIM: To determine the effect of pioglitazone, a specific peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) ligand, on the development of acute pancreatitis (AP) and on the expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in the pancreas. METHODS: AP was induced in rats by subcutaneous infusion of cerulein for 5 h. Pancreatic blood ...
Fernandez Luis A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Accurate quantification of total islet yield is an essential step prior to transplantation and for research. The standard method of manually determining an islet equivalent (IEQ) count is subjective and prone to error. We evaluated Complex Object Parametric Analyzer and Sorter (COPAS) large particle flow cytometry for the determination ...
Ito Manabu - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether cytokeratin-positive cells can be detected as markers of lymph node metastasis by using flow cytometry within a time frame suitable for intraoperative decision making in non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: Five lymph nodes from each of 20 patients with non-small cell lung cancer were ...
Bikowski Joseph B - - 2005
A 38-year-old woman came for treatment of multiple clear vesicles and hemorrhagic papules on the posterior aspect of the right shoulder and the right axillary vault of 5 years' duration. These lesions would spontaneously manifest as clear or blood-filled vesicles (or both) and appear to be exacerbated by physical contact ...
Nyman Helena T - - 2005
The objective of this study was to characterize the ultrasonographic patterns of normal superficial lymph nodes and to evaluate whether ultrasonography can help discriminate between different lymphadenopathies (reactive, lymphoma, and metastases) in dogs. Three hundred and eighteen superficial lymph nodes in 142 dogs were studied by B-mode, color flow mapping, ...
Jansson Leif - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate islet blood-flow changes during stimulated growth of the islet organ without any associated functional impairment of islet function. DESIGN: A duct ligation encompassing the distal two-thirds of the pancreas was performed in adult, male Sprague-Dawley rats. METHODS: Pancreatic islet blood flow ...
Leveau Per - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential effect of treatment with a platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist, lexipafant (BB-882), on gut endothelial and epithelial barrier dysfunction and leukocyte recruitment in rats with acute pancreatitis. Severe acute pancreatitis was induced by the intraductal administration of 5% sodium taurodeoxycholate ...
Jansson L - - 2005
AIMS: To evaluate to what extent the neuronal form of constitutive nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) contributes to the blood perfusion of splanchnic organs, including the islets of Langerhans. METHODS: The nNOS inhibitor 7-nitroindazole (300 mg kg(-1) i.p.) was administered to anaesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats, some of which were pre-treated with the ...
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