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Results 701 - 750 of 872
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Nose H - - 1984
To analyze the effect of changes in interstitial fluid on lymph production, intravascular infusions of saline were given to splenectomized rats under pentobarbital anesthesia at 3 different rates (2, 3, and 4 ml/100 g of body weight) over 10 min. Change of blood volume was continuously monitored and, simultaneously, thoracic ...
Iwatsuki K - - 1984
The effects of optical isomers of nicardipine on the secretion of pancreatic juice and blood flow were investigated in the dog-isolated, blood-perfused pancreas. Intra-arterial administration of (-)-nicardipine (10-300 micrograms) caused a dose-dependent increase in pancreatic secretion. However, the (+)-isomer was much less potent than the (-)-isomer and even in 300 ...
Brace R A - - 1983
To test whether whole-body lymph flow responses to vascular volume loading depend on osmolality, we measured left thoracic duct lymph flow rate and protein concentration, plasma protein concentration, plasma osmolality, hematocrit, and arterial and venous pressures in pentobarbital-anesthetized, acutely nephrectomized dogs. Hypo- (100 mosmol), iso- (309 mosmol), and hypertonic (600 ...
Friedman H S - - 1983
The pathophysiology of alcohol-induced acute pancreatitis is not clear. Ischemic injury has been suggested as a possible mechanism. To examine the effects of ethanol on pancreatic and splanchnic blood flow, measurements were made in fasted, conditioned awake dogs before and after iv infusion of ethanol (1.7 g/kg). At 30 min ...
Bell R D - - 1983
Renal lymph flow, composition and pressure were related to renal function and hemodynamics before and during acute extracellular fluid (ECF) expansion (Ringer's solution, 10% of body wt.) in anesthetized dogs. ECF expansion caused increases in renal lymph pressure and flow and a decrease in the plasma concentration and L/P ratio ...
Power G G - - 1983
We compared whole-body lymph flow responses with and without the autonomic nervous system intact in pentobarbital-anesthetized, acutely nephrectomized dogs. We measured left thoracic duct lymph flow, lymph and plasma protein concentrations, arterial and venous pressures, heart rate, and hematocrit in eight intact and six ganglion-blocked (hexamethonium, 15 mg/kg iv) animals. ...
Wallach S - - 1983
The effects of furosemide on biliary secretion and on pancreatic hemodynamics and exocrine function were studied by quantitative flowmetry and timed collections of biliary and pancreatic exocrine secretion in the anesthetized dog. Biliary flow and the output of its components (Na+, K+, Ca, Mg, 3-OH bile salts, and bilirubin) increased ...
Adair T H - - 1983
A previous study from this laboratory demonstrated that lymph nodes can change the protein concentration and colloid osmotic pressure of lymph by transfer of protein-free fluid between the blood and lymph compartments. In that study a Starling force disequilibrium across the blood-lymph barrier caused fluid to transfer through the barrier ...
Roos P J - - 1983
We investigated the conditions for and the quantity of abdominal contributions to caudal mediastinal node (CMN) efferent lymph in 15 anesthetized sheep with open thorax and lung lymph fistulas. Contractions of the diaphragm by phrenic nerve stimulation increased lymph flow by 29%. Adding large volumes (10 ml/kg) of 5% albumin ...
Chung R S - - 1983
The canine pancreatic blood flow was studied after iv secretin (resulting in a plasma level commensurate with the postcibal state), and also after larger iv doses and after duodenal acidification. We found that blood flow was unaffected by "physiological" doses of secretin, or by perfusion of duodenum at a pH ...
Inoue K - - 1983
This study was undertaken to determine the effect of synthetic chicken vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on pancreatic blood flow, exocrine and endocrine secretions of the pancreas, and biliary secretion in dogs. The effect of synthetic chicken VIP on pancreatic blood flow and systemic arterial pressure was identical to that of ...
Knol J A - - 1983
Although low molecular weight (LMW) dextran has been said to decrease the lethality of experimental acute pancreatitis (AP) by reversing stasis in the pancreatic microcirculation, the actual mechanism(s) of action is unknown. This investigation was designed to measure the effects of low molecular weight dextran on pancreatic capillary flow (QCAP) ...
Jansson L - - 1983
Blood flow to the pancreatic islets of the rat was estimated with the microsphere technique. Experiments with microspheres of different sizes (diameter 10, 15 or 50 micron) showed that optimal results were obtained with 10-micron spheres. Localization of microspheres either within or outside the islets was accomplished by freeze-thawing of ...
Ohtani O - - 1983
The microcirculation of the pancreas in anesthetized rats was examined by intravital microscopy. Scanning electron microscopic observation of vascular corrosion casts of the same parts of the pancreas as viewed light microscopically in vivo, allowed detailed analysis of microcirculation in particular vessels. Blood vessels with flowing blood cells were clearly ...
Joehl R J - - 1983
alpha-Adrenergic blockade decreases food-stimulated amylase secretion in dogs, suggesting that physiologic sympathetic nerve discharge of norepinephrine enhances pancreatic enzyme secretion. Previous studies have not separated direct effects of adrenergic agonists on pancreatic exocrine cells from effects on blood flow. An in vitro preparation of dispersed acini from guinea pig pancreas ...
Homma T - - 1983
We investigated the effect of secretin and caerulein on pancreatic circulation and exocrine secretion and its relation to prostaglandin (PG) synthesis by studying the effect of these peptides on the pancreatic blood flow and the flow rate of pancreatic exocrine secretion in the isolated blood-perfused pancreas of pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs without ...
Ishida H - - 1983
Laparoscopy is a morphological examination and is employed in the examination of the liver and other visceral organs. Further, as a result of recent remarkable progress in endoscopy it has become possible to examine not only the intraperitoneal organs but also the pancreas, a retroperitoneal organ, by means of laparoscopy. ...
Gooszen H G - - 1983
The arterial blood flow through the left lobe of the canine pancreas was assessed by means of electromagnetic flow measurements under three different experimental conditions. First, flow was measured in 14 unmodified left pancreatic segments. The mean segmental blood flow was 9.1 +/- 4.5 ml/min, while the mean blood flow ...
Cheewatrakoolpong B - - 1983
Two BASIC microcomputer programs, ESTRIPc and KINET, were used to analyze the kinetics of bacterial clearance from the blood and mesenteric lymph nodes of mice. Because of the similarities between the clearance of bacteria and the clearance of drugs from tissue, blood pharmacokinetic techniques were applied to the analysis of ...
Ueda C T - - 1983
The blood-to-lymph transfer kinetics of cyclosporin A (CyA) were investigated in thoracic duct cannulated rats after a 3 mg kg-1 i.v. bolus injection of tritium-labelled drug. Blood CyA concentrations declined bi-exponentially with a terminal half-life of 13.1 +/- 1.8 h. The appearance rate of CyA in the lymph was also ...
Oehmichen M - - 1983
In rabbits, intracerebrally applied erythrocytes can move with the cerebrospinal fluid along connecting pathways between the subarachnoid space and the cervical lymph nodes. This study compares the time dependency for the degradation of intracerebrally injected erythrocytes in the brain as well as in the cervical lymph nodes. Rabbits were killed ...
Nakamura G R - - 1983
During the autopsy of heroin users, the most consistent morphologic finding is the enlargement of hepatic lymph nodes. Nodes from seven heroin addicts were analyzed for morphine and a concentration range of 0.02 to 0.87 mg/100 g was found. Morphine was detected in all of the nodes examined and the ...
Setchell B P - - 1983
In 12 anaesthetized boars the concentrations of oestrone sulphate and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHAS) were 15- to 35-fold higher in lymph collected from a vessel in the spermatic cord than in testicular venous blood plasma from a vein in the spermatic cord. The concentrations of testosterone, total unconjugated oestrogens and dehydroepiandrosterone ...
Dolezal R F - - 1983
The mucociliary flow in the frontal sinus of dogs is in a spiral pattern from medial to lateral. The final evacuation of mucus is through the ostium positioned anteriorly. Mucus flow rate is most rapid in the areas of the ostium and slowest in the area of the intersinus septum. ...
Aho H J - - 1983
Acute haemorrhagic pancreatitis was induced in rats by injecting aqueous solution of sodium taurocholate into the common biliopancreatic duct. Lecithin and lysolecithin were separated from pulmonary homogenate by thin layer chromatography and quantified by phosphorus determination. The ratio of lysolecithin to lecithin increased after the sodium taurocholate injection as well ...
van Schilfgaarde R - - 1983
The effect of duct-obliteration and duct-obliteration induced fibrosis on the capability for vasodilatation of the pancreatic vasculature was investigated in dogs. It was demonstrated that the increase of basal blood flow through left pancreatic segments, induced by intra-arterial injection of papaverin, remained unchanged during 6 months after duct-obliteration. It is ...
Martin D J - - 1983
The simultaneous responses of lymph flow and protein concentration were compared using lymph from the right duct (RD) and small afferent tracheobronchial (TB) lymphatics cannulated in the same dog. Lymph was collected during a base-line period and following steady-state left atrial pressure (Pla) elevations. For a mean increase in Pla ...
Schölkens B A - - 1982
Prostacyclin (PGI2), a major metabolite of arachidonic acid, is widely distributed throughout the cardiovascular system and may influence vascular smooth muscle tone. To evaluate the effects of PGI2 on regional blood flow distribution in anesthetized dogs, the tracer microsphere reference sample method was used. Intravenous PGI2 infusions (0.5 and 1.0 ...
MacDonald A S - - 1982
The pancreas of the dog was divided into segments of left lobe (tail), body and uncinate, but with in-situ blood supply to each segment intact, and comparisons within the same dog were made of various techniques of handling the pancreatic duct. Ligating the duct or allowing it to drain freely ...
Fiorica V - - 1982
Variability in the levels of epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) in adrenal vein blood is thought to preclude their usefulness in caval sampling studies for localizing abdominal pheochromocytoma. In this study we demonstrate, in three patients, that the fraction of the total catecholamine level in the adrenal effluent represented by ...
Wells A D - - 1982
The beneficial effect of ethamsylate in maintaining the relative pancreatic blood flow in acute canine necrotizing pancreatitis has been demonstrated. This beneficial effect is a function of the action of the drug in tending to maintain pancreatic blood flow, thereby minimizing the significant decrease which normally occurs in this parameter ...
Becker R H - - 1982
The endogenous peptides somatostatin and secretin are effective in the therapy of upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding and acute pancreatitis. The clinical effects may be partly brought about by changes in the regional blood flow. To evaluate the effects of somatostatin (50 and 100 micrograms/min over 6-8 min) and secretin (0.1 ...
Ware J - - 1982
The effects of experimentally induced hyperosmolality has been studied in rats. Renal vascular pedicle ligation was performed on all animals to prevent renal clearance of the infused solute, xylose, and allow accurate ECF space determinations with 51Cr EDTA. Small volume hyperosmolar xylose infusions caused parallel elevation of the osmolality of ...
O'Neill J T - - 1982
In the present study we sought evidence for the hypothesis that norepinephrine (NE) can cause constriction of lymph vessels in the canine forelimb perfused at constant flow. Mechanical venous compression (small-vein pressure approximately equal to 45 mmHg), intra-arterial infusion of histamine (16 micrograms base/min), and intra-arterial infusion of NE (16 ...
Granger D N - - 1982
Previous studies from our laboratory indicate that the lymph flow response of the cat ileum to net volume secretion is dependent upon the mechanism involved in the secretory process, i.e, active secretion (cholera toxin) decreases lymph flow while passive fluid secretion (increased portal pressure, plasma dilution) is associated with a ...
Homma T - - 1982
To assess the contribution of prostaglandins (PGs) to the maintenance of vascular tone and exocrine secretion in the pancreas, the effects of several products of arachidonic acid metabolism on the blood flow and flow rate of exocrine secretion were examined in the isolated blood perfused pancreas of the pentobarbital-anesthetized dog ...
Takenaka T - - 1982
Vasodilator and hypotensive effects of (+) and (-) nicardipine were investigated in anesthetized dogs. When administered intravenously, (+) nicardipine was 3 times as potent as the (-) isomer in increasing vertebral blood flow and in lowering mean blood pressure. When injected into the vertebral artery, (+) nicardipine was also 3 ...
Vadas P - - 1982
Popliteal and prefemoral lymphatics of sheep were cannulated, and lymph was collected before and during the course of responses to PPD and concanavalin A. Hyperemia-inducing activity (HIA) and phospholipase A2 (PLA2) were released into lymph in response to antigenic stimulation, whereas lymph plasma draining unstimulated lymph nodes had consistently little ...
Kvietys P R - - 1982
The purpose of the present study was to characterize the intrinsic mechanisms involved in the regulation of blood flow and oxygenation in the totally isolated, perfused canine pancreas. Arterial pressure, venous outflow pressure, blood flow, arteriovenous oxygen difference, and capillary filtration coefficient were measured during graded arterial pressure reductions and ...
Studley J G - - 1982
Three experiments were performed to evaluate the effects and hemodynamic changes brought about by steroids in experimental pancreatitis in dogs. The results show (1) a significant improval in survival in steroid-treated groups, (2) no difference in cardiac output or mean blood pressure between groups, (3) a decrease in relative pancreatic ...
Berry A R - - 1982
The etiology and pathogenesis of acute necrotizing hemorrhagic pancreatitis remain controversial. Recent work has suggested that an early fall in pancreatic blood flow, causing ischemia, may be the initiating factor. Using an established rat model of hemorrhagic pancreatitis and the fractional indicator distribution technique with 86RbCl, pancreatic blood flow and ...
Meyer H H - - 1982
Blood flow to the pancreatic islets of the anesthetized rat has been measured by application of microspheres, intravital staining of the endocrine tissue by Dithizon, and induction of organ transparency by incubation in glycerol. Thus the microspheres could be counted separately in the islet tissue and in the remaining organ. ...
Gee M H - - 1982
We measured pulmonary arterial (Ppa) and left atrial (Pla) pressures, lung lymph flow rate (QL), and protein clearance in 23 anesthetized dogs with ligation (MI) dogs or sham ligation (sham-MI dogs) of a coronary artery combined with either large transient increases in Pla or moderate steady-state increases in Pla. In ...
Sorensen O - - 1982
An optical flow-meter is described which allows precise and continuous registration of the flow of lymph from cannulated human lymph vessels. The cannula from the lymph vessel is connected to the measurement tubing of the instrument where the flow is measured by automatically monitoring the movement of an air bubble ...
Strombeck D R - - 1982
For evaluation of pancreatic function testing, a peptide that releases p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) on digestion by chymotrypsin was given to clinically normal dogs and to dogs with unexplained diarrhea. Blood concentration of PABA and percentage of PABA excretion in the urine at 6 hours after oral administration were determined. One-hour ...
Shiffman M L - - 1982
Pancreatic juice was collected from rabbits treated with reserpine and from untreated controls. The volume of pancreatic juice secreted, flow rate and the bicarbonate output were all significantly reduced in the treated animals during both spontaneous flow and during secretin-stimulated flow. On the other hand, the total protein concentration, the ...
Becker H - - 1982
A dog model was used to measure the hemodynamic changes occurring during acute pancreatitis induced by intraductal injection of fresh trypsin-bile-blood mixture. Pancreatic blood flow was measured with 15-micrometer radioactive microspheres. Measurements of pancreatic adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and creatine phosphate (CP) were made under normal conditions and during acute hemorrhagic ...
Ekerot L - - 1982
The polyvalent protease inhibitor, alpha 2-macroglobulin, may counteract a protease-mediated rheumatoid joint destruction. The elimination of the complexed inhibitor from joints was analysed in inflamed and noninflamed conditions of the knee joints in dogs. The arthritis was immunologically induced. The fate of intra-articularly injected radioactive alpha 2-macroglobulin complexes was studied ...
Malik A B - - 1982
We examined the effects of acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis on thoracic duct lymph flow and its protein concentration. Thoracic duct lymph flow increased and the protein concentration decreased. These changes in the lymph were associated with steady decreases in arterial pressure and cardiac output and increase in systemic vascular resistance. The ...
Oliver R E - - 1982
Urine was observed to flow intermittently in the collecting ducts of the extrarenal papilla of antidiuretic rats. The purpose of this investigation was to test Reinking and Schmidt-Nielsen's hypothesis that intermittent flow plays an important role in the production of maximally concentrated urine. Samples of collecting duct fluid were obtained ...
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