Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 872
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Kubo S - - 1991
Dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) was performed following an intravenous bolus injection of 15O-water for the assessment of regional pancreatic blood flow in 4 normal volunteers and 11 patients with pancreatic cancer. The regional pancreatic blood flow index (PFI) was calculated by the autoradiographic method assuming the time-activity curves of ...
Saji H - - 1991
Our previous studies have shown a high accumulation of [125I]N,N,N'-trimethyl-N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-iodobenzyl)-1,3- propanediamine (HIPDM) in the human pancreas. In this study, the pancreatic accumulation and metabolism of [125I]HIPDM were studied in rats to determine the factors influencing its uptake by this organ. In biodistribution studies, [125I]HIPDM showed a high uptake by the ...
Sumi S - - 1991
This study examined the effect of synthetic porcine neuropeptide Y on the splanchnic blood flows and the exocrine pancreatic secretion in dogs. Graded doses of neuropeptide Y (0.1-5 microg/kg, intravenous) caused dose-dependent reduction of the secretin-stimulated exocrine pancreatic secretion and of the blood flows in the superior mesenteric artery, the ...
Hayama E - - 1991
In C57BL mice, a tracer amount of methionine (Met) at a concentration approximate to that in the blood was administered in the tail vein (i.v.). The rates of endogenous metabolic decomposition of methionine were obtained by using three specifically labelled compounds, [1-14C]-Met, [m-14C]-Met and [35S]-Met. Results on the kinetics and ...
Tsukamoto Y - - 1991
To elucidate the hemodynamic changes in the course of acute pancreatitis in dogs, various parameters were monitored non-invasively and real-timely by the ultrasonic flow probes which had been placed in advance. The dogs were divided into two groups, i.e., control group (CG) and infusion group (IG). In the infusion group, ...
Ichihashi T - - 1991
Mepitiostane (MP), epitiostanol (EP), and oleic acid were administered to the jejunal loop of mesenteric vein- and thoracic duct-cannulated rats, and the intrinsic lymphatic partition rate (ILPR) of the absorbed compounds was directly determined. When 14C-EP was administered to the jejunal loop, recovery of unchanged EP in the mesenteric blood ...
Jansson L - - 1991
The blood perfusion and vascular conductance of the whole pancreas and of the islet organ were measured separately with the aid of a microsphere technique after intravenous infusion (0.1 ml/min) of adrenaline in different doses (1, 2 or 3 micrograms/kg body weight x min). Control animals were infused with saline ...
Karanjia N D - - 1991
Perfusion of the main pancreatic duct in cats with a dilute solution of bile salts increases ductal permeability. Subsequent perfusion of a permeable duct with activated pancreatic enzymes results in acute edematous pancreatitis. Simultaneous infusion of 16-16 dimethyl-PgE2 converts edematous pancreatitis to acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis (AHP). AHP may be associated ...
Unger P D - - 1991
There have been few reports of flow cytometric studies of pancreatic neoplasms, whether endocrine or exocrine. In this report, the DNA content of three mucinous and seven serous cystic tumors of the pancreas was evaluated by flow cytometry on formaldehyde solution-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. Two serous cystadenomas were aneuploid, with the ...
Ishibashi M - - 1991
To evaluate albumin transport across the pulmonary capillary endothelial and interstitial barriers, we simultaneously measured blood-to-tissue (QA,t) and blood-to-lymph (QA,l) clearances of 125I-radiolabeled albumin as well as endogenous albumin clearance (Qa,l) in the canine lung in vivo (n = 10). Steady-state prenodal lung lymph flows (Qw,l) and protein clearances were ...
Doi R - - 1991
Effects of synthetic human pancreastatin-52 and human pancreastatin-29 on pancreatic secretion and blood flow were examined in rats and dogs. Synthetic human pancreastatin-52 and human pancreastatin-29 were equally potent in suppressing the release of amylase stimulated by cholecystokinin in rats in vivo. However, neither human pancreastatin-52 nor human pancreastatin-29 altered ...
Barrow R E - - 1991
Airway injury is a frequent result of the inhalation or aspiration of toxic material. Although upper airway damage can be identified endoscopically, pathophysiological changes are difficult to evaluate. This paper describes an animal model in which changes in tracheal blood and lymph flow rates, wet-to-dry weight ratios, and lymph-to-plasma protein ...
Lamka J - - 1991
In experiments on rabbit peripheral lymph, the contribution of the blood and lymphatic system to the whole-body distribution of inulin after subcutaneous administration has been investigated and the effects of hyaluronidase and of thermal stimulus at the administration site examined. Inulin concentrations in lymph exceeded plasma concentrations by more than ...
Karanjia N D - - 1991
We studied the conversion of acute edematous pancreatitis (AEP) to acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis (AHP) in an experimental model in cats. In the model, 16,16 dimethyl PgE2 effects this conversion by increasing microvascular permeability. First, we induced AEP in cats and then gave PgE2 at increasing intervals after the induction of ...
Kusterer K - - 1991
Using an in vivo microscopy technique, we studied the microcirculatory changes in sodium taurocholate-induced pancreatitis in rats. With a computerized image analyzer system, blood flow, vascular permeability changes, and capillary densities were measured. Intraductal infusion of 0.4 ml saline had only minor effects on the microcirculation. Various concentrations and volumes ...
Vollmar B - - 1991
An experimental model of edematous pancreatitis in pigs was established and measurement of pancreatic macro- and microcirculatory parameters and determinations of pancreatic enzymes (lipase, phospholipase A) and vasoactive mediators (prostanoids, kallikrein, kininogen) were performed. During general anesthesia the pancreas was isolated in situ. Pancreatic microcirculatory parameters were measured using videofluorescence ...
Prinz R A - - 1991
Vascular mechanisms play an important but controversial role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. In experimental animals, injection of wax, powder, air, mercury, and microspheres into the pancreatic artery causes pancreatitis by end artery occlusion with resulting cellular infarction. Larger microspheres do not cause pancreatitis because collateral blood flow is ...
Lorentz K - - 1991
We have carried out a multicenter evaluation of a new reagent carrier for Reflotron, specific for pancreatic amylase where the salivary isoenzyme is inhibited by two specific monoclonal antibodies. This new procedure combines easy handling with low imprecision (median CV less than 3%) in control material, serum, heparinized blood, and ...
Wolters G H - - 1991
Alginate beads for immunoisolation of pancreatic islets by microencapsulation should be small, smooth, and spherical in order to ensure that around the islets a strong alginate-polylysine-alginate capsule will be formed with optimal biocompatibility and diffusion of nutrients and hormones. However, the preparation of small capsules around islets is difficult. Our ...
Bélisle C - - 1991
For many years, a variant of the silver impregnation technique of Bielchowsky has been used to study the lymph node because it clearly outlines the various structures which are usually hard to contrast with standard staining methods. Like other variants of silver impregnation, this method blackens the cell nuclei as ...
DeMar A R - - 1991
Pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and peptide YY (PYY) are inhibitors of pancreatic exocrine secretion in vivo but not in vitro, which suggests intermediate mechanisms of action. To examine the role of pancreatic blood flow in these inhibitory effects, xenon-133 gas clearance was used to measure pancreatic blood flow while simultaneously measuring ...
Valenzuela-Rendon J - - 1990
The roles of the transvascular fluid flux and lymph flow in the distribution of extracellular fluid volume during angiotensin II (ANG II) hypertension were evaluated in 11 conscious dogs. Similarly, the factors regulating the distribution of plasma protein across the microvasculature were assessed. By the second day of ANG II ...
Pippard C - - 1990
A study was made of the effects of acute changes in local blood flow on lymph flow in the feet of anesthetized sheep. Lymph outflow pressure and flow and venous pressure were measured in cannulated vessels draining the foot region. Local volume changes were also measured. Acute reductions in blood ...
Klar E - - 1990
Much clinical and experimental evidence suggests that pancreatic ischaemia in the early phase of acute pancreatitis is important in the development of pancreatic necrosis. While depletion of intravascular volume has often been assumed to be the main circulatory defect, an additional disturbance of pancreatic microcirculation has been demonstrated experimentally. Possible ...
Elk J R - - 1990
Increases in diaphragmatic lymph vessel flow (Qdi) may be important in preventing ascites because diaphragmatic lymph vessels drain the peritoneal space. However, lymphatic vessel function may be depressed in anesthetized, open chested animals. To test this hypothesis, we cannulated diaphragmatic lymph vessels in five sheep which were anesthetized with 1-2% ...
Doi R - - 1990
We have examined the effect of synthetic human cholecystokinin (CCK-33 and CCK-8) on pancreatic blood flow and protein output in anesthetized dogs. Human CCK-33 and CCK-8 increased pancreatic blood flow and protein output in a dose-related manner. There were no significant differences in increasing pancreatic blood flow between human CCK-33 ...
Hjelmqvist B - - 1990
Indomethacin has been reported to decrease pancreatic blood flow. The drug has been used as an analgesic in acute pancreatitis. As decreased blood flow to the pancreas may detrimentally affect the outcome of acute pancreatitis, we investigated the effects of indomethacin on blood flow in the normal porcine pancreas. Regional ...
Jansson L - - 1990
Adult rats were partially depancreatized, and approximately 500 islets were isolated from each excised pancreas, maintained in tissue culture for 7 days, and subsequently transplanted back to the same animals beneath the renal capsule. Four weeks after transplantation the animals were anesthetized and given an intravenous injection of 1 ml ...
Morris S E - - 1990
Thermal injury as well as smoke inhalation injury results in serious morbidity and high mortality. In a chronic ovine model, we studied the development of bacterial translocation to the mesenteric lymph node, liver, spleen, kidney, and lung following: 1) sham injury (N = 6), 2) cutaneous thermal injury (N = ...
Carmichael J - - 1990
Drainage of the splenic fossa has for years remained a controversial issue. A large potential space exists in the left hypochondrium following splenectomy. Proponents of the use of drainage maintain that drainage is safe, efficacious in removal of blood, serum, and pancreatic enzymes, and carries little, if any, risk of ...
Sumi S - - 1990
Peptide YY (PYY) which is most likely to mediate colonic inhibition on digestive organs is also a potent vasoconstrictor. However, very little is known about the effect of circulating PYY on splanchnic blood flow. This study examined the effect of systemic administration of peptide YY on splanchnic circulation and exocrine ...
Kelemen D - - 1990
Experimental acute necrotizing pancreatitis was induced retrogradely in dogs with sunflower oil injected intraductally. Then, a zipper was sutured into the abdominal wound. From the first postoperative day, three different treatments were started: first group: only conservative therapy was used; second group: removal of necrotized tissue and single peritoneal lavage ...
Thune A - - 1990
To analyze the relationships between the bile duct and main pancreatic duct sphincters, the resistance to flow through these sphincters was studied simultaneously with perfusion techniques in anesthetized cats. Basal flow resistance was higher in the pancreatic sphincter than in the bile duct sphincter. The pressure in one duct system ...
Klar E - - 1990
Dextran of different molecular weight (Dx 40, Dx 60/70) has often been evaluated as adjunct treatment of experimental acute pancreatitis. A beneficial effect has been documented by a decrease in its lethality. However, the mechanism of action is poorly understood. A specific effect on the pancreatic microcirculation generally has not ...
Klar E - - 1990
A rabbit model was designed to study the microcirculation of the pancreas with special reference to changes occurring during acute pancreatitis. Intravital microscopy was used in conjunction with video techniques allowing for continuous observation and off-line evaluation of microvessel diameters and blood cell velocities. Based on the microvessel geometry a ...
Alders R G - - 1990
Utero-ovarian peripheral lymph was collected for extended periods from sheep that had received exogenous gonadotrophins. High lymph flow rates and progesterone outputs, over 13 mL h-1 and 65 nmol h-1 respectively, were observed during the subsequent oestrous cycles. A positive correlation was found between the maximum lymph flow rate and ...
Weaver F C - - 1990
Pancreatic and islet blood flow was measured by quantitative determination of microspheres within atrophied pancreases of rats rendered dietarily copper-deficient. The deficient state effects selective acinar necrosis and its replacement with non-inflammatory lipomatosis. While blood flow to lipomatous glands remained intact, it was significantly less (0.41 +/- 0.02 ml/min X ...
Sundell H W - - 1989
To investigate the mechanism of pulmonary edema in hyaline membrane disease (HMD), lymph from the efferent duct of the mediastinal lymph node was collected in premature lambs before and after delivery by cesarean section. Mean lymph flow in 7 lambs with histologically verified HMD increased progressively over 4 h after ...
Dumont A E - - 1989
An adult patient with both intraabdominal carcinoid tumor and chylous ascites underwent thoracic duct drainage in an attempt to relieve accumulation of intraabdominal fluid. After cannulation of the left cervical thoracic duct, lymph flow rate was normal (1.4ml/min) and 24 hours of drainage was without effect on the ascites. In ...
Kinami Y - - 1989
This study was performed to clarify changes in protein synthesis and exocrine enzymes of the pancreas after cutting the pancreatic nerve plexus of Wistar rats. The rats were divided into two groups, consisting of a group that underwent cutting of the pancreatic nerve plexus (neurotomy group) and a group that ...
Jansson L - - 1989
Whole pancreatic blood flow (PBF) and islet blood flow (IBF) were measured in anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats aged 5, 20, 52, or 104 wk. PBF decreased progressively with age, from approximately 0.55 mL x min-1 x g pancreas-1 in 5- and 20-wk-old rats to 0.30 mL x min-x g pancreas-1 in ...
Faraci F M - - 1989
The goal of this study was to examine changes in blood flow to the adrenal medulla during reflex stimuli that release catecholamines. Adrenal blood flow was measured with microspheres during exercise in conscious dogs and during bicuculline-induced seizures in anesthetized dogs. In awake dogs, blood flow to the adrenal cortex ...
Ono S - - 1989
Human neuropeptide Y (hNPY) was synthesized in a conventional manner by assembling seven peptide fragments followed by reduction of the Met(O) residue with phenylthiotrimethylsilane and subsequent deprotection with 1 M trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (TMSOTf)-thioanisole in trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). Alternatively, deprotection was performed in a two-step manner; first, treatment with 1 M ...
Sakai H - - 1989
The distribution of cathepsins E and D in various rat tissues and blood cells was determined by immunoprecipitation and by immunohistochemistry with discriminative antibodies specific for each enzyme. While cathepsin D was detected in all of the tissues and blood cells tested (except for erythrocytes), cathepsin E had a relatively ...
Sparrow R A - - 1989
Blood flow to the pancreatic islets of the anaesthetised rat was measured using the microsphere method. Basal flow was 29 (+/- 6) microliter/min per pancreas which was equivalent to 2.1 (+/- 0.2)% of the total pancreatic flow. The intravenous administration of 4 IU of soluble insulin, which rendered the animals ...
Moore T C - - 1989
In the past decade, the main interest in the involvement of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the immune response has been concerned with its role in immunomodulation (suppression) both in vitro and in vivo. Comparatively little attention has been devoted to its immunostimulatory role. It has been suggested that PGE2, like ...
Jansson L - - 1989
Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected i.v. with either 0.5 ml saline or terbutaline (1 mg/kg body weight) and 5 min later the whole pancreatic blood flow (PBF) and the islet blood flow (IBF) were measured with a microsphere technique. Injection of terbutaline increased the serum insulin concentrations, but had no ...
Robert J H - - 1989
Pancreatic oxygen consumption (VO2) was studied in hypovolemic shock: 4 dogs served as controls and 4 others were kept at 50 mm Hg of mean arterial blood pressure. All 8 were studied for a period of 3 h. Pancreatic VO2 was obtained by adding up VO2 for the head (minus ...
Brace R A - - 1989
A method was developed for chronic catheterization of the left thoracic lymph duct at the base of the neck in the sheep fetus, which did not disrupt the other major lymphatic vessels that join the venous circulation at the same location. The lymphatic catheter was connected to a catheter in ...
Spalding H J - - 1989
In sheep, most blood vessels enter the lymph nodes at a discrete hilus, which is where the capsule overlies medullary tissue. In pigs, vessels within the node arise from an extensive network of arteries on the surface, and most vessels penetrate the capsule where it overlies diffuse tissue--the counterpart of ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >