Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 872
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Svensson A M - - 1994
Previous studies have indicated that various conditions under which an increased functional load is posed on the pancreatic islets, e.g. partial pancreatectomy and continuous glucose infusions, may influence the microcirculation of the pancreas. To investigate further the effects of elevated functional demand on the islets, the blood perfusion of the ...
Jansson L - - 1994
To evaluate the effects of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on whole pancreatic blood flow and islet blood flow in the rat, anaesthetized adult rats were injected intravenously for 90 s with VIP (500 ng/kg body weight). Immediately after the injection, the whole pancreatic and islet blood flows were measured with ...
Carlsson P O - - 1994
The effects of intravenously administered octreotide (5 or 10 micrograms/kg body weight) on pyloric, duodenal, colonic, pancreatic, and islet blood flow were investigated with a microsphere technique in anesthetized rats. The lower dose of octreotide reduced only pyloric blood flow, while the higher dose caused a reduction also in duodenal ...
Renkin E M - - 1994
Upper and lower limits to basal lymph flow rates per unit tissue mass calculated from measurements of initial tissue uptake rates of 131-I albumin and steady-state lymph/plasma or interstitial fluid/plasma concentration ratios of endogenous albumin are compared with published measurements of lymph flow. The upper limit corresponds to purely convective ...
Ashley S W - - 1994
Based on the notion that reductions in pancreatic blood flow may play a role in the pathophysiology of chronic pancreatitis, a method for measuring pancreatic blood flow, using H2 gas clearance with a ductal electrode, was developed. Preliminary animal experiments using this methodology suggest that the fibrotic pancreas behaves like ...
Svensson A M - - 1994
Anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats (350-400 g) were injected intravenously with either 0.1, 1, 15, or 25 nmol rat islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), 65 or 650 pmol rat calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), or saline alone. IAPP at the two highest doses decreased the mean arterial blood pressure (BP), increased blood glucose ...
Murakami T - - 1994
The blood vascular bed of two human pancreata was replicated partially by arterial perfusion of intentionally reduced amounts of low viscosity methacrylate resin, to be observed with a scanning electron microscope. The findings were compared with those obtained from a pancreas replicated completely by a sufficient amount of resin. Complete ...
Yuan Z Y - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to compare the use of 125I-labeled human serum albumin (125I-HSA) and autologous 51Cr-labeled red blood cells (51Cr-RBCs) as lymph flow markers to estimate lymph drainage of the peritoneal cavity in conscious sheep. In one group, we assessed lymph drainage from the appearance of intraperitoneally ...
Schwarz C - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of experimentally induced acute necrotizing pancreatitis on jejunal oxygen transport, jejunal oxygen consumption, and mucosal PO2. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized trial. SETTING: Animal laboratory. SUBJECTS: Domestic pigs aged 7 to 8 wks. INTERVENTIONS: Two groups of pigs were anesthetized with midazolam and sufentanyl, mechanically ventilated, and ...
Rippe B - - 1994
In this review we summarized the evidence favoring the concept that the major plasma proteins are passively transported across vascular walls through water-filled pathways by means of convection and diffusion. With regard to solute transport, a majority of microvascular walls seems to show a bimodal size selectivity. This implies the ...
Tanaka T - - 1994
An experimental model of chronic pancreatitis was produced by a chronic ischemia which was induced by ligation and separation of branches flowing into the left pancreatic lobe from the splenic artery. Macroscopic findings at 3 and 6 months after model preparation showed that the pancreas was hard, with severe inflammatory ...
Yotsumoto F - - 1993
To study the role of pancreatic blood flow and vasoactive substances in the development of acute pancreatitis, we measured portal vein blood levels of bradykinin, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), histamine, serotonin, and pancreatic enzymes, and with an electromagnetic blood flowmeter we recorded gastroduodenal arterial flow (GDAF), superior mesenteric arterial flow (SMAF), ...
Niven G W - - 1993
A method was conceived for the purification of biomolecules on a continuous-flow basis using affinity adsorption. The affinity ligand was bound to a nylon belt which was passed sequentially through four chambers to which flows of feedstock, wash medium, eluent and regeneration medium were applied. The target compound was thus ...
Sloop C H - - 1993
Peripheral lymph collected acutely has been commonly sampled as representative of non-visceral interstitial fluid. By developing a prenodal lymphatic-lymphatic (L-L) shunt, we were able to collect peripheral lymph for 3-5 days in unanesthetized dogs. The L-L shunt was constructed entirely of medical grade silicone rubber tubing designed with a slip ...
Harringer W - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiolabeled microsphere technique for pancreatic blood flow measurements. Using a canine model with an isolated pancreatic circulation, we assessed the shunting of 11- and 15-microns-diam microspheres in the pancreas, correlated pancreatic blood flow measurements obtained with the microsphere technique with those ...
Allen T M - - 1993
The development of long-circulating liposomes containing lipid derivatives of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), termed Stealth liposomes, has considerably improved the prospects for therapeutic applications of liposomal drug delivery systems. We have examined the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of long-circulating, as compared to conventional, liposomes after subcutaneous (sc) administration in mice. Results obtained ...
Furukawa M - - 1993
Our previous data showed that the pancreatitis induced in rats by cerulein develops into hemorrhagic pancreatitis following water-immersion stress. The present study examined the effects of water-immersion stress and high doses of cerulein (intraperitoneal injection) on pancreatic blood flow. Five hours of water-immersion stress reduced the local pancreatic blood flow ...
Hindlycke M - - 1993
Adult rats were isovolemically hemodiluted with isotonic dextran-solutions to reduce the hematocrit by approximately one third. This procedure decreased the mean arterial blood pressure but markedly increased cardiac output. The serum glucose concentration was increased, whilst the serum insulin concentration remained unchanged. The blood flow values and the vascular conductances ...
Conter R L - - 1993
Although blood flow and cholinergic tone influence gastric and salivary gland secretion, their role in pancreatic secretion is poorly defined. The purpose of the present study was: (1) to test the hypothesis that an increase in pancreatic blood flow accompanies stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion, and (2) to examine the effects ...
Holló G - - 1993
Bilateral retinopathy of pancreatitis developed in a 36-year-old male patient during recurrent acute necrotizing pancreatitis. The retinopathy remained clinically unchanged between the detection and the death 6 days later. Characteristics of the retinal lesions were histologically similar to cotton-wool spots of other origin, but all the retinal vessels including vessels ...
Gorewit R C - - 1993
Afferent mammary lymphatic flow was characterized in conscious lactating cows during milking and prior to, during, and after intramammary infusion of endotoxins. Lymph flow (13 to 45 ml/h) was pulsatile with monophasic and multiphasic episodes. Flow resulted from 62 to 67 episodes per h. Episodes varied from 1 to 53 ...
Naruse S - - 1993
The effect of PACAP, a new VIP-like neuropeptide, on femoral arterial blood flow was studied in anesthetized beagle dogs. Intra-arterial infusion of PACAP38, PACAP27, or VIP (0.25-25 pmol/kg) induced a dose-related increase in femoral blood flow. The dose-response curve for PACAP27 or PACAP38 was similar to that for VIP, but ...
Klar E - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: This phase-I study transferred the concept of isovolemic hemodilution, which has been proven beneficial in the treatment of experimental acute pancreatitis to the patient. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Pancreatic ischemia represents one main mechanism in the pathogenesis of necrotizing pancreatitis. Isovolemic hemodilution with dextran 60 has been shown experimentally to ...
Konturek S J - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Endogenous nitric oxide has been implicated in the control of mesenteric circulation, but its role in the control of pancreatic blood flow and exocrine pancreatic secretion has not been studied. METHODS: Secretory studies were performed on conscious dogs with chronic pancreatic fistulas, and changes in pancreatic blood flow were ...
Machens H G - - 1993
Changes of pancreatic blood flow (PBF) during acute pancreatitis (AP) have been under investigation by means of electromagnetic flowmeters, radioactive microspheres, isotope fractionation, radioactive gas clearance, and venous outflow techniques. All methods, however, have certain drawbacks, which make the application of other techniques desirable. In this study, the hydrogen clearance ...
Jansson L - - 1993
Syngeneic pancreaticoduodenal transplantations were performed in Wistar-Furth rats. Fourteen days after implantation, blood perfusion of the whole native and transplanted pancreas, the pancreatic islets and the native and transplanted duodenum was measured with a microsphere technique 5 min after an intravenous injection of 0.5 ml of either saline (n = ...
Yotsumoto F - - 1993
This study was designed to investigate the role of bradykinin in the aggravation of acute pancreatitis. After injection of bradykinin 2 micrograms/kg to anesthetized rabbits with cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis, the pancreatic blood flow through gastroduodenal and superior mesenteric arteries (GDAF and SMAF) was determined with electromagnetic blood flow meters, the ...
Inoue K - - 1993
In this study, changes in the microcirculatory dynamics of the pancreas in response to normal feeding, sham feeding, and truncal vagotomy were investigated to elucidate the involvement of a neural mechanism in the physiological modulation of pancreatic blood flow in the conscious state. Continuous measurement of changes in the microcirculation ...
Liu Y M - - 1993
In vivo fluorescent microscopy with direct observation of flow through the islet was used to investigate the islet microcirculation. In urethane-anesthetized rats (n = 18), the pancreas was exposed and an islet was identified under direct microscopy. The vertical illuminator for fluorescent microscopy was turned on and fluorescein-albumin conjugate or ...
Naruse S - - 1992
The vascular activity of guinea pig (gp) and common mammalian (p) VIP were compared in anesthetized guinea pigs and dogs. In the guinea pig, intravenous injections of gpVIP and pVIP increased pancreatic blood flow and reduced the systemic arterial pressure and pancreatic vascular resistance in a dose-related manner. There were ...
Murakami T - - 1992
Microcirculation in rat pancreas was studied by scanning electron microscopy of resin vascular casts and by light microscopy of India ink-injected and sectioned tissue samples. In the scanning survey of the casts, islets larger than 30 microns in diameter counted no less than 400 in the adult rat pancreas. They ...
Murakami T - - 1992
Microdissection and scanning electron microscopy of corrosion casts showed the structures of the vascular bed of the human pancreas to consist mainly of the capillary plexuses of the exocrine lobules, extralobular ducts and endocrine islets. A considerable number of the exocrine lobules were found to contain one to four marked ...
Miyake T - - 1992
Scanning electron microscopy of resin casts prepared by incomplete arterial injections showed that in the rat pancreas, the casting medium fills blood capillaries in the endocrine islets more promptly than those in the exocrine lobules and secretory ducts. Furthermore, the exocrine lobules containing endocrine islets allowed a more rapid resin ...
Runkel N S - - 1992
This study tested the hypothesis that hypovolemic shock elicits or promotes the development of infection during acute pancreatitis. Pancreatitis was induced in rats by ligation of the common biliopancreatic duct; nonlaparotomized animals served as controls. After 24 hr, the animals were subjected to either sham-shock (instrumented only) or to shock ...
Reber H A - - 1992
Pancreatic blood flow and its relationship to pancreatic interstitial pressure were investigated in a model of chronic pancreatitis in cats using a hydrogen gas-clearance technique with an intraductal electrode. The intraductal technique correlated well with blood flow measurements made using gamma-labeled microspheres (r = 0.88, P less than 0.001). In ...
Bockman D E - - 1992
Local or generalized alteration of microcirculation may be expected in diseases of the pancreas. Changes may range from increased permeability of capillaries to hemorrhage. Tissue necrosis may result from prolonged ischemia owing to intravascular coagulation and severely impaired blood flow. It is possible to observe early microvascular changes by intravital ...
Widdison A L - - 1992
BACKGROUND: The mechanism by which ethanol predisposes to acute pancreatitis, especially in established chronic pancreatitis, is not known. Here we studied the effects of acute ethanol ingestion on pancreatic blood flow in chronic pancreatitis, a setting characterized by diminished basal blood flow to the pancreas. METHODS: Obstructive pancreatitis was created ...
Reed R K - - 1992
During fat absorption, chylomicrons with sizes up to 5,000-10,000 A must traverse an interstitium that has estimated pore sizes of 120-200 A to reach the lacteals. The present experiments were performed to study the behavior of the interstitial matrix component hyaluronan during fat absorption from the intestine. Ileal segments were ...
Atef N - - 1992
Hyperinsulinemia, a main feature of both human and animal obesity, has been demonstrated to be due to both an increased sensitivity to nutrient secretagogues and an impairment of the nervous regulation of insulin secretion. Recent studies have shown that pancreatic islet blood flow increases under conditions associated with an enhanced ...
Pawlik W W - - 1992
Peptide YY (PYY) is a recently discovered polypeptide which has been proposed as physiological inhibitor of pancreatic exocrine secretion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of exogenous PYY on pancreatic blood flow and oxygen consumption. In anesthetized dogs, the superior pancreatico-duodenal artery blood flow (SPBF), pancreatic ...
Meshkinpour H - - 1992
Manometry of sphincter of Oddi (SO) carries a risk of acute pancreatitis by a mechanism not yet clearly understood. This study attempted to evaluate the role of the flow rate of the perfusion system in the development of acute pancreatitis. During the past 60 months, we have performed 81 manometry ...
Salvador A C - - 1992
We studied the anatomical features of the arterial vasculature of the lymphoid follicles (LF) of tracheobronchial lymph nodes in the dog. The microvascular organization of the lymph node was visualized after systemic perfusion of the canine arterial system with gelatinated colloidal carbon. We found that LF contained a substantial number ...
Brand C U - - 1992
By means of microsurgery a peripheral subcutaneous lymph vessel draining a defined skin area was isolated and cannulated on the lower leg of six healthy volunteers. Lymph was collected over a period of 8 days. During the first 2 days baseline values for lymph flow and output of cells were ...
Takaori K - - 1992
Endothelin, a newly described endothelial-derived peptide, has potent vasoconstrictive properties and has been speculated to play a physiological role in the regulation of blood flow in some organs. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of endothelin-1, endothelin-2 and endothelin-3 on the pancreatic microcirculation. Pancreatic tissue blood flow ...
Drake R E - - 1992
We have studied the drainage of peritoneal fluid through the diaphragmatic lymph vessels in sheep. To measure the lymphatic flow rate, we cannulated the lymphatic vessels and timed the flow from the cannula. After we infused Escherichia coli endotoxin into awake sheep, the diaphragmatic lymph flow rate increased substantially. However, ...
Kusterer K - - 1992
In vivo microscopy was performed to assess the effect of dextran 40, gabexate mesilate and somatostatin on the microcirculation in sodium taurocholate-induced pancreatitis in rats. Intraductal infusion of 0.4 ml of a 4% solution of sodium taurocholate decreased capillary blood flow, induced capillary stasis and increased vascular permeability in the ...
Jansson L - - 1992
The aim of this study was to investigate if the blood flow of transplanted islets is affected by the implantation organ or regulated by the grafted islets themselves. For this purpose adult rats were partially depancreatized and islets were isolated from the excised pancreatic tissue, maintained in tissue culture for ...
Jansson L - - 1992
The blood volume of adult, male rats was reduced with 5 ml (approximately 30% of the total blood volume) by bleeding, which reduced the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) to 50 mm Hg. This hemorrhagic hypotension caused an increase in both serum glucose and serum insulin concentrations when compared with ...
Karanjia N D - - 1991
Hemorrhagic pancreatitis was induced in cats by perfusing pancreatic enzymes through a pancreatic duct after the administration of intragastric ethanol. Dimethyl prostaglandin E2 was administered concurrently. In the first study, dopamine's antiinflammatory effect on the pancreas was determined in the presence of haloperidol, propranolol, or both. Next, dopamine's effects on ...
Brace R A - - 1991
In the ovine fetus it is known that left thoracic duct lymph flow rate relative to body weight is four to five times adult levels, but it is not known whether the circulating hormones modulate fetal lymph flow. To explore this, we intravenously infused either angiotensin II (10 to 400 ...
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