Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 872
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Jansson L - - 1997
Portal hypertension (PH) is associated with a hyperdynamic splanchnic circulation, partially mediated by nitric oxide-dependent mechanisms. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of PH and nitric oxide on pancreatic islet blood flow. PH was induced by a calibrated stenosis of the portal vein in male ...
Plusczyk T - - 1997
With use of in vivo microscopy, pancreatic duct permeability, red blood cell (RBC) velocities, functional capillary density (FCD), and overall changes in capillary blood flow (perfusion index) were estimated after intraductal infusion of sodium taurocholate (0.8 ml, 4%) alone or in combination with systemic administration of cholecystokinin (CCK, 0.3 microg/100 ...
Toyama M T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of ethanol on pancreatic blood flow and interstitial pH in chronic pancreatitis. BACKGROUND: Ethanol is known to contribute to the development of both acute and chronic pancreatitis. However, it is unclear how ethanol precipitates episodes of acute pancreatic inflammation ...
Wells U M - - 1997
Exogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) causes airway epithelial damage in vitro. We have studied the effects of luminal H2O2 in the sheep trachea in vivo on tracheal permeability to low-molecular-weight hydrophilic (technetium-99m-labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid; 99mTc-DTPA) and lipophilic ([14C]antipyrine; [14C]AP) tracers and on the tracheal vascular response to luminal capsaicin, which ...
Svensson A M - - 1997
The aim of the study was to investigate how the incretin candidate hormone gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) affects splanchnic blood flow, especially pancreatic islet blood flow. For this purpose, male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intravenously with either saline or GIP (5 or 15 micrograms/kg body weight) 10 min before blood ...
M Dostal J Zivny P Harting J Dejmek P A Steerenberg H van Loveren R J - - 1997
It is envisaged that flow cytometric analysis of lymphocyte subsets in cord blood may be used as a biomarker for effects on the immune system of exposure to environmental factors. In order to investigate the possible application of this parameter, we first studied the effects of other factors that may ...
Sánchez-García M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of endotoxin, bacteria, and potential humoral and cellular mediators in thoracic duct lymph and peripheral blood in patients with severe refractory multiple organ dysfunction. DESIGN: Convenience sample. SETTING: General intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Two men and 2 women were studied after ...
Tsay T T - - 1997
Jugular lymph flow of anesthetized rabbits in response to infusion of mannitol solutions differing in osmolarity were measured. Either an isotonic (310 mosmol), hypotonic (100 mosmol), or hypertonic (605 mosmol) mannitol solution was infused into either the internal carotid artery (ICA) or the right lateral ventricle (RLV). Lymph was collected ...
Carlsson P O - - 1996
The present study evaluated whether a microsphere technique could be used for islet blood flow measurements in anesthetized mice. When this was confirmed, we applied the technique in different strains of mice. Approximately 9 x 10(4) microspheres could be given without interfering with mean arterial blood pressure. Mixing of the ...
Pawlik W W - - 1996
The effects of local periarterial placement of capsaicin upon pancreatic blood flow, oxygen extraction from pancreatic circulation and oxygen consumption by pancreatic tissue were measured in anesthetized dogs. These studies explored also the possible role of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) in the pancreatic vascular and metabolic responses to periarterial capsaicin. ...
Liu X - - 1996
Measurement of local pancreatic blood flow during acute pancreatitis is thought of as being technically difficult in smaller animals. In this study, we first employed an intraductal electrode method of the hydrogen clearance technique for measurement of changes in local pancreatic blood flow in two types of acute pancreatitis in ...
Iglésias-Barreira V - - 1996
The pancreatic islet blood flow and insulin secretion of adult rats submitted to an isocaloric low protein diet (8% vs. 20%) during pre- and postnatal life were investigated by the nonradioactive microsphere technique. In the basal state, female rats chronically exposed to a low protein diet (LP) displayed a specific ...
Menger M D - - 1996
With the use of epiilumination fluorescence microscopy, we demonstrate for the first time in vivo the existence and function of direct arteriovenous communication (arteriovenous shunt) in rat pancreatic acinar tissue. In eight Sprague-Dawley rats the corpus and tail of the pancreatic gland were reviewed for arteriovenous anastomoses. In seven animals ...
Jansson L - - 1996
CONCLUSION: Islet blood flow stimulation induced by alloxan leads to an increased blood perfusion in all islets, whereas glucose induces a flow increase only in a subgroup of islets. BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate if an increased islet blood flow was associated with an enhanced ...
Carlsson P O - - 1996
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide-38 (PACAP-38) on splanchnic blood flow in anesthetized rats. For this purpose, either PACAP-38 dissolved in saline or saline alone was injected intravenously 5 (10 nmol/kg body weight (bw) PACAP-38) and 30 min (5 or ...
Kakugawa Y - - 1996
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is characterized by the presence of an inflammatory infiltrate with progressive destruction of acinar cells and fibrosis. The finding that endothelin-1 (ET-1), an endothelium-derived peptide having vasoconstrictive and mitogenic properties, reduces pancreatic blood flow (PBF) in normal rats suggested that the peptide may be associated with the ...
Ogura M - - 1996
The role of endogenous platelet-activating factor (PAF) in the control of pancreatic blood flow during caerulein stimulation was investigated. Pancreatic blood flow in anesthetized rats was measured continuously by laser Doppler flowmetry for 2 h during the intravenous infusion of caerulein (0.25 micrograms/kg per h). Pancreatic blood flow showed a ...
Davis L E - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which increased lymph flow can return fluid and protein to the circulation in the chronically anemic fetus. STUDY DESIGN: Thoracic duct lymph flow rate over a range of outflow pressures was measured in 8 near-term fetal sheep 4 ...
Wang X - - 1996
CONCLUSION: The production, release, and transport of carbon dioxide from tissues to blood are facilitated both systemically and in the gastrointestinal tract in acute pancreatitis. Red blood cells are responsible for the major exchange and transport of this increase in CO2. The existence of arteriovenous shunting within the intestine is ...
Svensson A M - - 1996
The aim of the present study was to see if L-arginine, which induces insulin release and is a precursor of the endothelial-derived relaxing factor nitric oxide, affects whole pancreatic and/or islet blood flow. For this purpose, anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intravenously with either saline or L-arginine (25, 100 ...
Mathieu Y - - 1996
The present study examines the suggestion that in the absence of adequate bile and pancreatic juice, which support the absorption from the gut of long-chain fatty acids into lymph, the fatty acids are absorbed directly into the portal blood. Oleic acid (18:1) partitioning between lymph and portal blood was investigated ...
Zhou Z G - - 1996
The microcirculation of the pancreas in 20 monkeys (Macaca mulatta) was further studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of vascular corrosion casts and light microscopy (LM) of Chinese ink-injected/cleared tissues. The results revealed that 91% of islets observed received arterial blood from the terminal branches of the intralobular arteries--the afferent ...
Toyama M T - - 1996
The role of ischaemia in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis is unknown. Some experimental studies have shown that ischaemia has little effect on the pancreas, while others have found an association with pancreatic injury. Ischaemia-reperfusion damage has been well documented in other sites such as the intestine, cardiac muscle, and ...
Foitzik T - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) is characterized by decreased capillary pancreatic blood flow. Thus, antibiotics may not reach pancreatic necrosis in therapeutic concentrations and consequently fail to prevent bacterial infection of the pancreas which today is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in ANP. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether improvement ...
Moldovan S - - 1996
PURPOSE: To determine whether hyperglycemia affects pancreatic islet microcirculation in vivo and whether nitric oxide is a mediator. METHODS: Islet blood flow was measured before and after infusion of glucose during in vivo microscopy of mouse pancreatic islet. The pancreas of male BALB/c mice was exteriorized and viewed under the ...
Wickerts C J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Hypertonic-hyperoncotic solutions (HHS) have attracted a lot of interest in the treatment of various forms of hypovolaemic conditions during the last decade. It has been speculated that HHS might even be of therapeutic value in normo- and hypervolaemic conditions by mobilising extravascular fluid. METHODS: We studied thoracic and abdominal ...
Patel A G - - 1995
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Advanced chronic pancreatitis is associated with a reduction in pancreatic blood flow. To determine the physiological significance of this decrease, pancreatic interstitial pH was measured in a model of obstructive chronic pancreatitis in cats and in patients with chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: In cats, pancreatic interstitial pH and ...
Andersson R - - 1995
Bacterial infection increases mortality and morbidity in acute pancreatitis. The aim of the present study was to analyze possible mechanisms by which bacterial infectious complications may worsen the course of the disease. Systemic arterial pressure, mucosal microcirculation, and intestinal, peritoneal, and pulmonary permeability of 125I-labeled human serum albumin were measured ...
Belz G T - - 1995
Wide variations occur in the arrangement of the blood vessels of the superficial lymph nodes in dogs. These vessels were studied using Microfil and Mercox casts, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and the dye Alcian blue. Most nodes receive some arteries at a hilus, but this varies from a single ...
Malvin G M - - 1995
Hypoxia rapidly increases hematocrit (Hct) in anuran amphibians by reducing plasma volume, but the mechanism(s) mediating this response is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that, during hypoxia, plasma volume is reduced by impaired lymph heart (LH) function, decreasing lymph flow into the circulation. In Bufo woodhousei, we measured the effects ...
Averbach A M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: This study attempted to increase the exposure of gastrointestinal tract tissues to chemotherapy by prolonging the first pass of intraaortically administered drug by temporary occlusion of vascular structures. METHODS: Bolus infusion of 14C-labeled mitomycin C (MMC) mixed with unlabeled MMC was performed in dogs. Distribution of MMC in gastrointestinal ...
Jansson L - - 1995
The aim of the present study was to evaluate if metformin, a biguanide used in the treatment of noninsulin-dependent diabetes, induced any changes in splanchnic circulation. For this purpose, anesthetized rats were injected intraperitoneally with saline alone (1 ml/kg BW) or metformin (15 or 30 mg/kg BW) 30 min before ...
Plusczyk T - - 1995
Using epifluorescent microscopy, we investigated the dynamic changes in pancreatic microcirculation in vivo after bolus administration of secretin (SEC) (0.1-10.0 micrograms/100 g body wt) and cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK-8) (0.005-1.2 micrograms/100 g body wt) in pentobarbital-anesthetized rats. Pancreatic capillary red cell velocity as a monitor for pancreatic capillary blood flow was measured ...
Rodger H D - - 1995
A trial was conducted to establish whether there would be any benefit in feeding mammalian pancreatic enzymes to farmed salmon clinically affected by pancreas disease. Pancreatic enzymes were incorporated at a rate of 4 kg/tonne of feed and fed at 0.6 to 0.9 per cent bodyweight/day for 41 days to ...
Patel A G - - 1995
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have suggested that, in the gastrointestinal tract, nitric oxide is an important mediator of alterations in blood flow and, in some organs, a second messenger involved in secretion. This study examined the role of NO in changes in pancreatic blood flow associated with basal and stimulated pancreatic ...
Steele R H - - 1995
A complete workup for a 36-year-old man with unexplained inguinal adenopathy and an indurated, enlarged penis and scrotum included urine cultures for bacteria, fungi, and acid-fast bacilli; scrotal ultrasound; computed tomography of the abdomen and groin; a retrograde urethrogram; a cystogram; duplex penile Doppler blood flow studies; and a surgical ...
Foitzik T - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Alcohol predisposes to acute pancreatitis by an unknown mechanism and is known to reduce regional pancreatic blood flow. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether increased blood alcohol causes functional impairment of pancreatic microperfusion as indicated by reduced tissue oxygenation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled study. SETTING: University hospital laboratory. SUBJECTS: Forty adult ...
Satoh S - - 1995
The present study was done to investigate the factors regulating the intestinal phase of exocrine pancreatic secretion in the turkey. The intestine of turkeys equipped with pancreatic fistulas was perfused with peptone solution, fat emulsion and hydrochloric acid (HCl), and pancreatic flow and protein output were measured. Neither peptone solution ...
Schmidt J - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Previous reports demonstrated that radiographic contrast medium, as used in contrast-enhanced computed tomography, increases acinar necrosis and mortality in experimental pancreatitis. The authors studied the possibility that these changes may be related to an additional impairment of pancreatic microcirculation. METHODS: Fifty Wistar rats had acute pancreatitis induced by intraductal ...
Svensson A M - - 1995
In this study normoglycemic inbred Wistar-Furth rats were implanted with a syngeneic pancreatico-duodenal graft, i.e. a denervated pancreas. The blood flow to the intact native pancreas and to the transplanted gland was measured with a microsphere technique in anesthetized rats 2 weeks after transplantation. The animals were given an intravenous ...
Jansson L - - 1995
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) on splanchnic blood flow in anesthetized rats. For this purpose, either PP dissolved in saline (225, 450, or 900 pmol/kg body weight/h) or saline alone was infused at a rate of 2 ml/h for 30 min. ...
Hotz H G - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated that intravenous contrast medium (CM), as used in contrast enhanced computed tomography, aggravates the impairment of pancreatic microcirculation (PM) characteristic of severe pancreatitis and increases necrosis and mortality in necrotizing pancreatitis (NP) in rats. This study evaluates the use of isovolemic hemodilution, which can enhance the ...
Zhou Z G - - 1995
The morphology of the microcirculation of the pancreas in 20 monkeys (Macaca mulatta) was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of vascular corrosion casts and light microscopy (LM) of China ink-injected/cleared tissues. The principal results were that 1) insulo-acinar portal vessels were found between the endocrine and exocrine parts in ...
Carlsson P O - - 1995
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) has previously been shown to selectively dilate the mesenteric vascular bed, without affecting other vascular beds. Pancreatic blood flow and islet blood flow were therefore measured separately with a microsphere technique in the two regions of the rat pancreas perfused by the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) or ...
de Cáceres M L ML Department de Psicologia de la Salut, Facultat de Psicologia, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, - - 1995
Negative correlations have been found between cord blood lead levels and scores on the Brazelton Neonatal Behaviour Assessment in 30 otherwise healthy newborns. Items in the Habituation, Orientation and Regulation of state clusters, particularly those items related to self-regulatory, self-quieting and auditory habituation, showed lower scores (worse performance) in those ...
Klar E - - 1994
Impairment of pancreatic microcirculation has often been advocated as one pathogenic mechanism in necrotizing pancreatitis. In contrast, data on pancreatic capillary perfusion in edematous pancreatitis are scarce. It was the aim of this experimental study to compare changes in pancreatic microcirculation in edematous and necrotizing pancreatitis. Twelve rabbits were allocated ...
Buncic S - - 1994
The fate of Aeromonas hydrophila after a bacteriaemia in four healthy pigs intravenously inoculated with 10(9) and 10(15) cells of the bacterium was investigated. In two pigs slaughtered 30 min after inoculation the bacteria were found in blood (8 x 10(2)/ml and 4.2 x 10(2)/ml), meat and fatty tissues (1-10/g), ...
Svensson A M - - 1994
To elucidate the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on the blood flow of the pancreatic islets, the NO synthase inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine (N-arg; 25 mg/kg BW) was administered iv to rats 10 min before pancreatic blood flow was measured with a nonradioactive microsphere technique. In male Sprague-Dawley rats, N-arg induced a ...
Sandberg J O - - 1994
The effects of four different immunosuppressive drugs on organ blood flow were investigated. Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intravenously with 0.2 ml of either 15-deoxyspergualin (DSG; 5 mg/kg body weight), RS 61443 (80 mg/kg body weight), FK 506 (0.5 mg/kg body weight), cyclosporin A (9.5 mg/kg body weight), or the vehicles ...
Ait-Khaled M - - 1994
PCR has been used to amplify a 540 base pair fragment of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) long terminal repeat region encompassing the U5/R/U3 regions from proviral HIV DNA that was present in the lymph nodes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of three HIV-infected individuals. The resulting PCR ...
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