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Salgado Afonso S I AS Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Camilo Castelo Branco University, Unicastelo, S J dos Campos, São Paulo, 12247-004, Brazil, - - 2014
During aging processes, there is a range of functional changes, where we can highlight the disease related to the central nervous system, such as Alzheimer disease and others forms of dementia. This study investigated the effects of transcranial light emitting diode (LED) on cerebral blood flow in healthy elderly women ...
Zeiler Thomas T DRK-Blutspendedienst West gGmbH, Zentrum für Transfusionsmedizin Breitscheid, Ratingen, - - 2014
Upper age limits for blood donors are intended to protect elderly blood donors from donor reactions. However, due to a lack of data about adverse reactions in elderly blood donors, upper age limits are arbitrary and vary considerably between different countries. Here we present data from 171,231 voluntary repeat whole ...
Fukao Toshiyuki T Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1194, Japan, - - 2014
Acetoacetate (AcAc) and 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB), the two main ketone bodies of humans, are important vectors of energy transport from the liver to extrahepatic tissues, especially during fasting, when glucose supply is low. Blood total ketone body (TKB) levels should be evaluated in the context of clinical history, such as fasting ...
Yabuki Akiko A From the *Department of Dental Anesthesiology and Special Care Dentistry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences; †Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Okayama University Hospital; and ‡Dental Clinic, Okayama Kyoritsu General Hospital, Okayama, - - 2014
Recent research shows that locally injected dexmedetomidine enhances the local anesthetic potency of lidocaine via the α-2A adrenoceptor subtype in guinea pigs. However, little is known about the effect of locally injected dexmedetomidine on the peripheral vascular response. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of locally injected dexmedetomidine on ...
Vehapoglu Aysel A Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakif University, 34093 Istanbul, - - 2014
Background. The two most frequent types of microcytic anemia are beta thalassemia trait ( β -TT) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). We retrospectively evaluated the reliability of various indices for differential diagnosis of microcytosis and β -TT in the same patient groups. Methods. A total of 290 carefully selected children ...
Shaik Shaguftha Sultana SS Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Physical Therapy Field, Western University, London, ON N6G 1H1, - - 2014
Therapeutic ultrasound (US) is used for a variety of clinical pathologies and is thought to accelerate tissue repair and help with pain reduction via its thermal and nonthermal effects. The evidence on physiological effects of US on both sensory and vascular functions in humans is incomplete. Hence, the purpose of ...
Kukreja Aayush A School of Biotechnology, Rajiv Gandhi Technological University , Airport Bypass Road, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh-462033, India - - 2013
Beta thalassaemia is an autosomal recessive inherited blood disorder which results in abnormal formation of Haemoglobin molecule and ineffective erythropoiesis. Patients need to be dependent on habitual blood transfusion and on unaffordable exorbitant therapies for continued existence. It has been hypothesized that if the level of foetal Haemoglobin increases, it ...
Paravastu Sharath Chandra Vikram - - 2013
Beta (β) blockers are indicated for use in coronary artery disease (CAD). However, optimal therapy for people with CAD accompanied by intermittent claudication has been controversial because of the presumed peripheral haemodynamic consequences of beta blockers, leading to worsening symptoms of intermittent claudication. This is an update of a review ...
Krantz David A - - 2013
Analysis of dried blood specimens has been an integral part of laboratory medicine dating back to the early 1960s when they were introduced as part of neonatal screening programs. More recently, they have been used in Down syndrome screening programmes. Dried blood spot specimens can be collected either by finger-stick ...
Biron Kaan E - - 2013
Pathogenic neoangiogenesis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is due to amyloid-beta (Aβ) and results in blood-brain barrier (BBB) leakiness in AD. It likely occurs as a compensatory response to impaired cerebral blood flow and provides a strong link between brain vascularity and AD. Aβ immunotherapy is an experimental treatment for AD; ...
Insiripong Somchai - - 2012
A 19-year old Thai male presented to the hospital with fever, acute hemolysis, pallor and jaundice without hepatosplenomegaly. On admission his hematocrit was 17.4% and a blood smear showed moderate hypochromia with mild anisopoikilocytosis. Hemoglobin (Hb) electrophoresis revealed Hb A2ABart's Hb H with an abnormal band, which on PCR proved ...
Niederstebruch N - - 2012
In the industrial world, the agar diffusion test is a standard procedure for the susceptibility testing of bacteria isolates. Beta-hemolytic Streptococcus spp. are tested with Müller-Hinton agar supplemented with 5 % blood, a so-called blood agar. The results are interpreted using standardized tables, which only exist for this type of nutrient ...
Stollhofen Harald - - 2012
Normal faults displacing Upper Bed I and Lower Bed II strata of the Plio-Pleistocene Lake Olduvai were studied on the basis of facies and thickness changes as well as diversion of transport directions across them in order to establish criteria for their synsedimentary activity. Decompacted differential thicknesses across faults were ...
Miro J - - 2012
Ultrasonography has become indispensable in the control of equine reproduction. Mare ovary layers are inverted with respect to other species, with the follicles and corpus luteum found inside the ovary; only large follicles protrude from the organ's surface. This renders the making of diagnoses via rectal palpation of the ovaries ...
Nosenko V - - 2012
The microstructure of a strongly coupled liquid undergoing a shear flow was studied experimentally. The liquid was a shear melted two-dimensional plasma crystal, i.e., a single-layer suspension of micrometer-size particles in a rf discharge plasma. Trajectories of particles were measured using video microscopy. The resulting microstructure was anisotropic, with compressional ...
Zurita-Gotor M - - 2012
We show [J. Fluid Mech. 592, 447 (2007)] that swapping (reversing) trajectories in confined suspension flows prevent collisions between particles approaching each other in adjacent streamlines. Here we demonstrate that by inducing layering this hydrodynamic mechanism changes the microstructure of suspensions in a confined Couette flow. Layers occur either in ...
Park Sang Woo SW Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2012
Cell free layer (CFL), a plasma layer bounded by the red blood cell (RBC) core and the endothelium, plays an important physiological role. Its width affects the effective blood viscosity as well as the scavenging and production of nitric oxide (NO). Measurements of the CFL and its spatio-temporal variability are ...
Wiersum-Osselton Johanna C - - 2012
Donor vigilance is the systematic monitoring of adverse reactions and incidents in blood donor care with a view to improving quality and safety for blood donors. Standard international definitions are available for surveillance purposes. In recent years advances have been made in determining risk factors for vasovagal and other adverse ...
Sallisalmi M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The microcirculation regulates the supply of oxygen and nutrients to tissues. The sublingual region is frequently used as a window to microcirculation in critically ill patients. Numerous studies have reported impaired sublingual microcirculatory flow. We hypothesized that the quality of sidestream dark field imaging (SDF) recordings could be systematically ...
Berry J D - - 2011
The electroviscous flow at low Reynolds number through a two-dimensional slit contraction with electric double-layer overlap is investigated numerically for cases where the permittivity of the wall material is significant in comparison with the permittivity of the liquid. The liquid-solid interface is assumed to have uniform surface-charge density. It is ...
Stalmans Ingeborg - - 2011
The main objective of this report is to encourage consistent quality of testing and reporting within and between centres that use colour Doppler imaging (CDI) for assessment of retrobulbar blood flow. The intention of this review is to standardize methods in CDI assessment that are used widely, but not to ...
Grossini Elena - - 2011
  Melatonin is involved in the regulation of the cardiovascular system through the modulation of sympathetic function and the nitric oxide (NO)-related pathway and interaction with MT1/MT2 receptors. However, information regarding its direct actions on coronary blood flow and cardiac function is scarce. This study therefore determined the primary in ...
Smith Alan D - - 2011
A general overview of various blood products operational effectiveness and related strategies that can be utilised by service providers (in particular, healthcare providers) is presented in the present study. In terms of the massive volumes of blood products, the North American blood centres collect more than eight million units of ...
Cook Jonathan S - - 2011
Melatonin is synthesized and released into the circulation by the pineal gland in a circadian rhythm. Melatonin has been demonstrated to differentially alter blood flow to assorted vascular beds by the activation of different melatonin receptors in animal models. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect ...
Yang Peng-Bo - - 2010
Histamine is a powerful modulator that regulates blood vessels and blood flow. The effect of histamine on the extracortical vessels has been well described, while much less is known about the effect of histamine on intracortical vessels. In this study, we investigated the effect of histamine on regional cerebral blood ...
Tomi?-Luci? Aleksandra P - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: Many arguments prove the pathophysiologic role of histamine in the process of remodeling and joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of our study was to find out if there was a relation between histamine concentration in synovial fluid and blood with clinical expression of disease activity. METHODS: Histamine ...
Mikkelsen Susan - - 2010
Subcutaneous Immunotherapy (SCIT) modifies the allergic response and relieves allergic symptoms. SCIT is the only and a very effective treatment for insect venom allergy. We hypothesized that basophil sensitivity, measured through the basophil activation test, would decrease during SCIT up dosing. Expression of CD203c was compared to CD63 as marker ...
Lund Gitte - - 2010
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) leads to reduced symptoms upon allergen exposure through as yet unresolved mechanisms. Desensitization of basophils to specific allergens during the updosing phase of injection immunotherapy may contribute to the clinical effect of SIT. Here we report a protocol for efficient in vitro allergen-mediated desensitization of basophils in ...
Gazerani P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinical evidence has revealed the antipruritic effect of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A). BoNT/A is believed to be effective against itch as it inhibits the release of acetylcholine as well as some other substances that may be involved in itch. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of subcutaneous administration of ...
Chirumbolo Salvatore - - 2009
Previous research suggests that human basophil activation may be inhibited by histamine even at extremely low doses (high dilutions). However, uncertainties about the nature of the phenomenon and its reproducibility mean that further, rigorously controlled studies are necessary. Serial 1:100 (v:v) histamine dilutions (centesimal dilutions, C) and water controls were ...
Glasnov Toma N - - 2009
Mizoroki-Heck couplings of aryl iodides and bromides with butyl acrylate were investigated as model systems to perform transition-metal-catalyzed transformations in continuous-flow mode. As a suitable ligandless catalyst system for the Mizoroki-Heck couplings both heterogeneous and homogeneous Pd catalysts (Pd/C and Pd acetate) were considered. In batch mode, full conversion with ...
Rahbari S - - 2009
Blood sucking mites are important avian ectoparasites which being found on bird species worldwide. Their presence are problematic for the producers either through potential direct effects on weight gain, egg production, sperm production in roosters or as nuisance pests on worker handle hens and eggs. The aim of this study ...
Kroes-Nijboer Ardy - - 2009
The molecule 4,5-dianilinophthalimide was recently found to be an efficient compound in disaggregating amyloid fibrils involved in the Alzheimer's disease. In this study we have investigated whether the compound 4,5-dianilinophthalimide was able to disaggregate fibrils derived from beta-lactoglobulin. In addition to a Thioflavin T fluorescence assay, flow-induced birefringence was used ...
Castelló Ana - - 2009
As criminals try to avoid leaving clues at the scene of a crime, bloodstains are often washed away, but fortunately for investigators, they are difficult to eliminate completely. Porous surfaces easily retain blood traces, which are sometimes invisible to the naked eye. The reagent of choice for detecting latent blood ...
Shabani Shkelzen - - 2008
When attacked by predators, diverse animals actively or passively release molecules that evoke alarm and related anti-predatory behavior by nearby conspecifics. The actively released molecules are alarm pheromones, whereas the passively released molecules are alarm cues. For example, many insects have alarm-signaling systems that involve active release of alarm pheromones ...
Campbell M C MC Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, United - - 2008
Although deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN DBS) in Parkinson disease (PD) improves motor function, it has variable effects on working memory (WM) and response inhibition (RI) performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the neural correlates of STN DBS-induced variability in cognitive performance. We measured ...
Madsen T G - - 2008
Low concentrations of the essential amino acid histidine in circulation have been shown to increase mammary blood flow and it has been suggested that this effect is mediated by histamine. The hypotheses tested in this experiment were that interstitial histamine concentrations in the mammary gland are related to arterial His ...
Koptyug Igor V - - 2008
To gain a better understanding of the advection of reaction fronts in a porous medium, we consider the similarities and the differences between the advection of wavefronts in a packed bed and in a flat gap or a pipe. The model calculations are based on the reaction-diffusion-advection equation for cubic ...
Stokely Martha E - - 2008
Neurological complications after mild head injury can include vasogenic edema and/or subsequent development of epilepsy, conditions associated with elevated histamine. In the present study we assessed the potential of mast cells located in the dura mater to contribute to elevated cortical histamine and breakdown of the blood-brain barrier after minor ...
Baxendale Ian R - - 2007
Microwave chemistry has already impacted significantly on the everyday synthesis of organic molecules. The adoption and integration of this liberating technology has permitted a resurrection of many synthetic transformations that were previously considered too extreme in their conditions (temperatures, pressures, reaction times) to be synthetically useful. Furthermore, whole arrays of ...
Santos Edson L - - 2008
This study characterized pharmacologically the functional responses to agonists angiotensin II (AngII) and bradykinin (BK) derivatives containing the TOAC (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl-4-amino-4-carboxylic acid) spin label at the N-terminal (TOAC1-AngII and TOAC0-BK) and internal (TOAC3-AngII and TOAC3-BK) positions of these vasoactive peptides. Affinity constants of the ligands for AT1 and B2 receptors were ...
King D Whitney - - 2007
Chemiluminescence (CL) of acridinium esters (AE) has found widespread use in analytical chemistry. Using the mechanism of the reaction of H2O2 with 10-methyl-9-(p-formylphenyl)acridinium carboxylate trifluoromethanesulfonate and a modified flow injection system, the reaction rates of each step in the mechanism were evaluated and used in a kinetic model to optimize ...
Huang Ke-Jing - - 2008
Increasing evidence suggests that S-nitrosothiols (RSNO) may represent naturally occurring nitric oxide (NO) surrogates and function as intermediates in NO metabolism. In this work, a simple, sensitive, and selective micromethod is developed and validated for quantification of RSNO. A fluorescent probe 8-(3',4'-diaminophenyl)-difluoroboradiaza-s-indacence (DABODIPY) is firstly used to label RSNO. The ...
Duschek Stefan - - 2007
The present study explored the impact of pharmacological blood pressure elevation on cortical activation and reaction time in chronic hypotension. Effects of the sympathomimetic etilefrine were investigated in 50 hypotensive persons based on a randomized, placebo-controlled double blind design. As an indicator of cortical excitability, the contingent negative variation (CNV), ...
Huang Ke-Jing - - 2007
S-Nitrosothiols (RSNO) have been proved to be potent smooth muscle relaxants and inhibitors of platelet aggregation. It has been reported as the best candidate for the endogenous storage and transport of nitric oxide (NO) in vivo. Sensitive determination of RSNO in biosamples seems to be of great significance. In this ...
Miller Ginger L - - 2007
The air flow pattern expected around a cylindrical object such as a tree in slow wind, is predicted from fluid mechanics to have areas of faster flow (upwind) and slower recirculating flow with eddies (downwind). An organism located on the surface of a tree would experience different flow depending on ...
Malbrán A - - 2007
Diclofenac (Dc) induces an IgE-independent basophil (Ba) degranulation in susceptible individuals. CD63 Ba expression is utilized as an in vitro test for diagnosis of drug hypersensitivity. We tested the ability of Dc to induce CD63 Ba expression by flow cytometry (BAT) and Ba degranulation using light microscopy (HBDT) in patients ...
Andrade R - - 2006
Elliptic flow at BNL RHIC is computed event by event with NeXSPheRIO. We show that when symmetry of the particle distribution in relation to the reaction plane is assumed, as usually done in the experimental extraction of elliptic flow, there is a disagreement between the true and reconstructed elliptic flows ...
Shibata Yasuhiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We had previously reported that androgen-regulated prostatic blood flow and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were involved in the signal transduction pathway. Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a multifunctional regulatory peptide with mitogenic and angiogenic capabilities that are regulated by androgen. ADM is abundantly expressed in the prostate. We focused on ...
Ono Takashi - - 2006
Clinically, hemorrhoidal bleeding and prolapse disappeared immediately after injection of the sclerosing agent OC-108 into submucosa of hemorrhoids. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of action responsible for the immediate hemostatic effect of OC-108 using anesthetized rats. Subcutaneous injection of OC-108 in rats decreased blood flow ...
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