Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 940
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Ikpeze O C - - 1998
Seventy-two women with symptomatic uterine fibroids were treated by abdominal myomectomy from January 1994 to December 1996. Important features were a mean age of 32.3 years (range 25-49 years) and parity of 0 to 6; 83% ( n = 60) were nulliparous and 68% ( n = 49) were unmarried. ...
Miyazaki T - - 1998
We used power Doppler imaging to examine neovascularization in the corpus luteum (CL) in 12 healthy volunteers. We also investigated whether CL blood flow reflected luteal function. The ratio of the area of vessels in the CL to the area of a sectional plane at the maximum diameter of the ...
Ochi H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between placental embolisation and the diastolic notch in the uterine artery flow velocity waveform of pregnant ewes under general anaesthesia. METHODS: Seven pregnant ewes at a gestation 16 to 17 weeks were anaesthesized and microbeads of gelfoam were injected into the uterine artery; changes in ...
Evans T J - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To develop an objective, quantifiable assay for endometrial periglandular fibrosis (EPF) and correlate assay results with histologic and ultrastructural changes in equine endometrial biopsy specimens. SAMPLE POPULATION: Endometrial biopsy specimens from 70 mares from 3 to 27 years old in estrus. PROCEDURE: In a double-blinded study design, endometrial biopsy ...
Agrawal R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To relate changes in serum and follicular fluid vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentrations to Doppler blood flow velocities within ovarian and uterine blood vessels during IVF cycles and to assess their relation to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and polycystic ovaries (PCO)/polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study. ...
Kimura Y - - 1998
Cold stimulus, immersing the hand into ice water, was given to pregnant women with and without preeclampsia. The uterine artery blood flow was observed before, during and after the stimulus by Doppler ultrasound. The pulsatility index in the uterine artery blood flow was significantly increased by the cold exposure in ...
Pinkas H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the increased ovarian sensitivity to gonadotropins observed in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may be due to changes in ovarian stromal blood flow in these patients. DESIGN: Uterine and ovarian stromal arterial blood flow (with transvaginal color Doppler ultrasound) were measured in ten ...
Järvelä I - - 1998
The aim was to evaluate the effect of diclofenac on uterine artery blood flow resistance during the first day of menstruation. A total of 28 regularly menstruating women were examined longitudinally with and without a copper intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) by transvaginal colour Doppler ultrasonography. The uterine artery pulsatility index ...
Lau T K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different types and methods of delivery of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on peripheral vascular flow velocity in postmenopausal women. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, operator-blinded, controlled study. SETTING: A hormone replacement clinic in a university teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Sixty-eight women who had undergone surgical menopause. ...
Keyes L - - 1998
Decreased vascular resistance and vasoconstrictor response during pregnancy enables an increase in cardiac output and regional blood flow to the uterine circulation. We sought to determine whether inhibition of vascular smooth muscle ATP-sensitive potassium (K+ATP) channel activity during pregnancy increased systemic and/or regional vascular resistance and resistance response to ANG ...
Cacciatore B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: We studied whether transdermal nitroglycerin, a donor of nitric oxide, affects uterine, umbilical, and fetal cerebral blood flow in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and impaired uteroplacental blood flow. STUDY DESIGN: Seventeen patients with preeclampsia were treated with a nitroglycerin patch, 10 mg per 24 hours, for three consecutive days ...
Zackrisson U - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide is a potent vasodilator and is involved in several physiological events during the female reproductive cycle. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the acute effects of a nitric oxide donor on ultrasound-derived indices of blood flow in the intact human uterus and ovaries during ...
Järvelä I - - 1998
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a copper-intrauterine device (IUD) on uterine artery blood flow during the midluteal phase and on the first day of the menstrual cycle using pulsed colour Doppler ultrasonography. Twenty-one regularly menstruating women (18-45 years) who were willing to use copper-IUD ...
Predanic M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of blood flow in the patients compliant and non-compliant to hormone replacement therapy. METHODS: In the period of 12 months, 106 postmenopausal women were examined by the color and pulsed Doppler ultrasonography of the blood flow through uterine, common, and internal carotid arteries (Resistance Index, ...
Shaw R W - - 1998
Gonadotrophin hormone-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) therapy can induce a reduction in fibroid volume by up to 50% over a period of 3 months treatment. This effect may be beneficial in selected patients, prior to open or endoscopic myomectomy, to aid the surgical procedure by improving vision because of reduced blood ...
Tzen K Y - - 1998
Transient visualization of the uterus, mimicking a hypervascular soft tissue tumour in the pelvic region, in the blood flow and blood pool phases of a triple-phase bone scan, was seen in 78 of 91 females of reproductive age. It was noted in all cases of menstrual (n = 15), early ...
Battaglia C - - 1998
Ultrasound has been used in the identification of two different morphological patterns of polycystic ovaries, namely a peripheral cystic pattern and a general cystic pattern. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether patients with the peripheral form of polycystic ovaries showed different ovarian and uterine blood flow from ...
Larcombe-McDouall J B - - 1998
Little is known about the relationship between smooth muscle contractile activity and its blood supply. We have therefore investigated this in the rat uterus, using laser-Doppler flow measurement and intra-uterine pressure recordings. We found an inverse linear relationship between flow and contractile activity. There was no evidence for a critical ...
Brännström M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess regional changes in ultrasound-derived indices of blood flow in the dominant human follicle after the plasma LH surge. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, prospective study. SETTING: Reproductive medicine unit at a university. PATIENT(S): Women attending an assisted conception clinic to determine the appropriate time to transfer previously frozen embryos ...
Miller S L - - 1998
1. The objective of the present study was to determine whether arteriovenous anastomoses (AVA) are present in the uterine circulation of conscious, late-pregnant ewes. 2. Twenty late-pregnant ewes were assigned to two groups. In group 1, 15 microm coloured microspheres were injected into the uterine artery of the pregnant horn ...
Kimura T - - 1998
We have previously reported the distribution and the forms of fluorides in the blood of men. This study is concerned with the distribution of fluorides in the blood of young women and sex-related differences in the fluoride metabolism related to the calcium metabolism keeping the postmenopausal osteoporosis in mind. The ...
Tsuda H - - 1998
This study was conducted to examine the correlation between uterine vascularity and natural history of uterine leiomyoma. Seventy women with leiomyoma participated in this study. Measurements of uterine and leiomyoma volume, as well as blood flow characteristics of the main uterine artery and leiomyoma arteries, were made every 3 months ...
Valdés G - - 1998
We analyse the data accumulated on the description of the uterine kallikrein-kinin system in estrous cycle, pregnancy, pseudopregnancy and hormonal supplementation, and discuss the possible role of these findings in relationship to the vasoactive changes of gestation. We conclude that the evidence supports a participation of kallikrein in implantation and ...
La Torre R - - 1998
To evaluate the vascular changes in ovaries affected by endometriomas 28 women with ovarian endometriosis underwent transvaginal ultrasound with color flow imaging and blood flow analysis of the ovarian artery before and after laparoscopic conservative treatment of the ovarian cyst. Mean pulsatility index (P.I.) and resistance index (R.I.) of the ...
Oyhenart E E - - 1998
Many experimental studies of the effects of placental blood flow on growth exist. Nevertheless, few of them deal with the relationship between impaired uterine blood supply, and cranial growth and sex differentiation. The object of the present study was to investigate the impact of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) on sexual ...
Despot A - - 1997
Transvaginal sonography with color flow mapping has been used in order to study various parts of uterine circulation during fertile period and postmenopause. The Doppler wave forms were analysed by pulsatility index and maximum systolic velocity of uterine artery and its ascending branches. A significantly lower vascular resistance was established ...
Chou M M - - 1997
A case of placenta previa accreta was diagnosed at 28 weeks' gestation with use of power amplitude ultrasonic angiography, which showed an unusually intense blood flow within the placental sonolucent spaces and hypervascularity within the placental and surrounding tissues. High-velocity (> or = 15 cm/sec) turbulent venous-type flow was detected ...
Sarrel P M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of estrogen with estrogen-androgen treatment on vaginal blood flow velocity and fingertip postocclusive hyperemic blood flow response. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, parallel, double-blind study. SETTING: Healthy human volunteers in an academic research environment. PATIENT(S): Postmenopausal women receiving estrogen replacement therapy for at least 12 months and ...
Sakai M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in resistance indices of blood flow velocity waveforms of the umbilical artery (UmA-RIs) during variable decelerations (VDs) vs. early decelerations (EDs). METHODS: UmA-RIs were measured before and during uterine contractions in 30 cases with VDs, nine cases with EDs and 20 cases without decelerations. In ...
Wood C - - 1997
The increased use of blood transfusion, ultrasound evidence of postsurgical haematoma, the frequency of postoperative febrile morbidity of unknown cause and reports of these complications in large series which contain both abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy over the last 25 years, suggests that bleeding may be more common after vaginal hysterectomy. ...
Boulton M I - - 1997
Pigs may be susceptible to stress when they are strongly motivated to nest-build in a space-restricted environment. This study aimed to explore whether nest-building behaviour could be induced by prostaglandin F2alpha (PG) administration to pseudopregnant gilts and to determine whether induced behaviour and cortisol output differed between animals chronically placed ...
Vrtacnik-Bokal E - - 1997
The ovarian response to 14 days of GnRH-analogue (GnRHa) application in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) was evaluated by measuring hemodynamic parameters and hormonal profile. Twenty patients with PCOS represented the study group, and 22 patients with normal menstrual cycle (NMC) the reference group. The resistance index (RI) of ...
Hegele-Hartung C - - 1997
There is ample evidence from epidemiological studies that estrogen-replacement therapy protects postmenopausal women against cardiovascular disease. One explanation for this beneficial effect could be the improvement of blood flow under estrogen therapy. By using ultrasound and Doppler color flow mapping we demonstrated in the aorta of ovariectomized rabbits a significant ...
Agarwal M K - - 1997
The present study was carried out on 50 patients of Chronic renal failure (CRF), Majority of CRF patients had high frequency hearing loss, but inner ear changes were found to be irreversible even after dialysis. All cases had cochlear lesion. No relationship could be established between the level of blood ...
Dickey R P - - 1997
This review describes the current use of Doppler ultrasound to examine blood flow in the uterus and ovaries in infertile patients and during early pregnancy. The basics of Doppler ultrasound and the different methods of measuring blood flow are discussed from the viewpoint of the clinician who may be unfamiliar ...
Entezami M - - 1997
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a short-term ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel medication on blood flow in the uterine arteries in postmenopausal women in a prospective placebo-controlled double-blind study. Twenty-one healthy postmenopausal woman at least 2 years after menopause received 60 micrograms ethinyl estradiol (EE) for 14 ...
Nakai Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess the change of uterine blood flow after Caesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: Doppler flow velocity waveforms were acquired from the uterine arteries and small arteries near the myometrial wound detected by transvaginal power Doppler ultrasonography in 23 patients on the 3rd, 6th and 9th postoperative days. RESULTS: The ...
Groutz A - - 1997
A prospective study in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment was conducted to assess whether any difference may be present in uterine blood flow between unexplained and mechanical infertility, before and during ovulation induction. The ascending branch of the uterine artery, the arcuate arteries, and the radial arteries were examined ...
Massa H M - - 1997
In this study, we examined changes in vascular resistance contributing to increased ovarian blood flow in the pregnant rat. Ovarian blood flow was monitored in vivo using a venous outflow cannulation technique in nonpregnant rats and in pregnant rats at Day 16 and Day 22, and increased from 0.18 +/- ...
Jonsson N N - - 1997
The objectives of the study were to use sheep as a model to determine whether a reduction in plasma calcium concentration similar to that observed during periods of postpartum subclinical hypocalcaemia in lactating dairy cattle might affect the blood flow to the ovaries. Different levels of hypocalcaemia were induced in ...
Bassil S - - 1997
The role of transvaginal pulsed colour Doppler ultrasound in the assessment of ovarian vascularity was studied in 196 in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. The changes in ovarian blood flow after gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) down-regulation and human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) stimulation were determined. The data obtained showed that the ovarian blood ...
Marcus M A - - 1997
The use of epinephrine as a test dose for epidural analgesia in obstetrics remains controversial. Isoproterenol as a test dose may be efficacious in the parturient. However, the effects of isoproterenol on the uterine blood flow (UBF) and umbilical blood flow (UMB) in the parturient are unknown. In a randomized, ...
Botsis D - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate endometrial blood flow characteristics in response to estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) and tibolone in postmenopausal women and to correlate the resistance index (RI) with plasma estradiol levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transvaginal color Doppler ultrasound examinations were performed in 72 asymptomatic, postmenopausal women who demonstrated endometrial thickness < ...
Sen A P - - 1997
Diaspirin crosslinked hemoglobin (DCLHb: Baxter Healthcare Corp., Round Lake, IL, USA) is a biochemically stable hemoglobin based solution with excellent oxygen carrying capacity. Studies have been conducted in male rats to determine the effect of DCLHb on systemic and regional blood circulation. However, the cardiovascular effect of DCLHb has not ...
Van Blerkom J - - 1997
Regardless of whether fertilization occurs in vivo or in vitro, a large proportion of human embryos do not develop progressively through the pre-implantation stages or arrest development after implantation. This study examined the association between the chromosomal/spindle normality of the mature human oocyte and the dissolved oxygen content, vascular endothelial ...
Cacciatore B - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of gonadotropin-induced ovarian stimulation on the plasma levels of endothelin-1 as well as on uterine blood flow and endometrial thickness. DESIGN: Controlled cross-over clinical study. SETTING: Academic research environment. PATIENT(S): Eighteen volunteer infertile women (31.4 +/- 2.5 years, mean +/- SE) participating in an IVF-ET ...
Battaglia C - - 1997
The objective of this study was to determine whether amenorrheic women have more severe blood flow variations and clinical-endocrinological patterns in comparison with oligomenorrheic polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. Twenty oligomenorrheic women (cycle length > 35 days; Group I), and 20 amenorrheic women (no vaginal bleeding for at least 6 ...
Moohan J M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess intraovarian blood flow in relation to the severity of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: Monash IVF, Clayton, Victoria, Australia. PATIENT(S): Thirty patients with OHSS after embryo or gamete transfer who also had sonographic evidence of ascites. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
Kuo H C - - 1997
A prospective clinical study at the Infertility Clinic of National Cheng Kung University Hospital investigated the effect of aspirin on infertile women with impaired uterine perfusion. A total of 127 women with unexplained infertility or repeated failure with various assisted-conception techniques were enrolled. Uterine perfusion was assessed by Doppler ultrasound ...
StefaƄczyk-Krzymowska S - - 1997
1. On Day 10 of the oestrous cycle in pigs, after laparotomy noradrenaline (NA), methoxamine (alpha 1-adrenomimetic, M), Prazosin (alpha 1-adrenolytic, Pr) in total doses of 4 mumol, and saline were infused (10 min) into the superficial layer of mesovarium on both sides of the ovarian pedicle vasculature, close to ...
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