Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 945
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Konje J C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine longitudinally changes in quantified blood volume flow in the uterine arteries during pregnancy with the use of color power angiography. STUDY DESIGN: Color power angiography was used to quantify volume flow in the uterine arteries of 57 women with singleton uncomplicated ...
Dada T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Down-regulation in assisted reproduction treatment cycles is monitored by suppression of ovarian/pituitary hormones and/or measurement of endometrial thickness. METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study reports on utero-ovarian characteristics of pituitary desensitization. A total of 75 patients were recruited; 32 had IVF treatment, 20 frozen--thawed embryo transfer cycles and 23 patients ...
Palter S F - - 2001
The Pomeroy method is a most widely practiced and most familiar form of tubal ligation. It traditionally requires laparotomy or multiple-puncture laparoscopic suturing, which is not a realistic option for the average endoscopist. We designed a 5-mm device, the Endosquid, to reproduce Pomeroy tubal ligation laparoscopically using a single 5-mm ...
Nishida T - - 2001
Blood flow to the gravid uterine horn of seven multiparous Holstein cows (mean +/- SD, BW = 625.5 +/- 82.4 kg; age = 4.7 +/- 1.7 yr; parity = 2.9 +/- 1.1 yr) was measured from d 225 of gestation to parturition using transit-time ultrasonic blood flow probes placed around ...
Anim-Nyame N N Department of Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Division of Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imperial College School of Medicine, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, 369 Fulham Road, SW10 9NH, London, UK. - - 2001
To investigate the hypothesis that reduced resting tissue blood flow precedes the clinical onset of pre-eclampsia in women at risk of the disease. We used venous occlusion plethysmography to compare resting calf muscle blood flow in 18 normal pregnant controls, 18 pregnant women with chronic hypertension, and 23 pregnant women ...
Laan E - - 2001
AIMS: To compare the effects of 3 months' tibolone treatment with the effects of placebo on sexual function (in particular, vaginal blood flow, and sexual desire and arousability) and climacteric symptoms in postmenopausal women. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, cross-over study was conducted in 38 postmenopausal women who received tibolone 2.5 ...
Basir G S - - 2001
To determine the haemodynamic parameters in women with tubal and male factors of infertility and to investigate the effect of ovarian stimulation on the blood flow indices of the uterine and ovarian arteries. Prospective evaluation of the pulsitility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) of the uterine and ovarian arteries ...
Miyakoshi K - - 2001
We investigated leukocyte involvement in uterine hypoperfusion and intrauterine fetal growth retardation (IUGR) induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in Sprague-Dawley rats. On day 17 of gestation, leukocyte accumulation in the uterus and placenta subjected to 30 min of ischemia, followed by reperfusion, was assessed by measuring myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Uterine MPO ...
Zoma W W Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH 45267-0526, - - 2001
We sought to determine the hemodynamic effects of tibolone in reproductive and nonreproductive tissues in the nonpregnant ovariectomized sheep. Six ewes were chronically instrumented for measurement of mean arterial pressure, heart rate, cardiac output, and coronary and uterine blood flow. A dose response curve was generated for intravenous tibolone (1.25, ...
Schild R L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of sonographic parameters in assessing endometrial receptivity in an in vitro fertilization (IVF) program. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: University setting. PATIENT(S): One hundred thirty-five patients in our IVF program, selected prospectively on the day of oocyte retrieval. INTERVENTION(S): Transvaginal ultrasound examination was performed before ...
Minagawa Y - - 2001
We presented a case of locally advanced cervical cancer treated by intraarterial infusion chemotherapy, and evaluated the blood flow of uterine arteries before and after chemotherapy by using a transvaginal ultrasonic color Doppler device. Pulsatility index (PI) of each uterine artery increased after first course of chemotherapy compared to that ...
Moore L G - - 2001
High-altitude reduces infant birth weight as a result of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and is associated with increased neonatal mortality. We hypothesized that babies born to Tibetan compared to Han (Chinese) high-altitude residents were protected from IUGR as the result of increased maternal O(2) transport due, in turn, to increased ...
Soysal M E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our purposes were to compare the impact of surgery on menstrual blood flow reduction and on the increase in hemoglobin values as primary endpoints at 12 months, and operating time, complication rates, postoperative pain scores at 12 h and surgically induced amenorrhea rates at 12 months as secondary endpoints ...
Khatun S - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of local cold stress to the soles on placental histology in rats. Pregnant rats were subjected to a cold provocation (0 degrees C, 12 degrees C) and room temperature (23 degrees C) for 15 and 30 minutes. During cold stimulation ...
Toth P - - 2001
Recent studies revealed functional extragonadal gonadotropin receptors at several sites of the human body. The human chorionic gonadotropin/luteinizing hormone (hCG/LH) receptor messenger RNA and protein were found in the endothelial and vascular smooth muscle layers of the human uterine arteries. In vivo administration of hCG decreased the blood flow resistance ...
Dmitrović R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The pain in primary dysmenorrhea is caused by excessive prostaglandin production that leads to vasoconstriction and uterine ischemia. Changes in uterine blood flow are important factors in pathophysiology of primary dysmenorrhea. The aim of the study was to determine if vasoconstriction of the uterine vessels in patients with primary ...
Hickey M - - 2000
Menstrual disturbances are one of the most common problems presenting to the gynaecologist. In order for the endometrium to bleed, vessels must break down. Disruption in the regulation of endometrial vascular growth and function has been found in association with spontaneous and sex steroid-induced disturbances of menstrual bleeding. Although circulating ...
Burbank F - - 2000
Fibroids arise from mutations of single myometrial cells making fibroids anatomically and genetically distinct from myometrium. Fibroids are supplied with blood from branches of the uterine arteries. When the uterine arteries are acutely occluded, bilaterally, either surgically or with embolic particles, blood flow to the uterus is nearly totally stopped ...
Evbuomwan I O - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the concomitant time courses of the changes in osmolality and calculated blood volume during the genesis of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: IVF-ET program in a university-based assisted reproductive technology center. PATIENT(S): Thirty women undergoing superovulation for IVF-ET. INTERVENTION(S): Blood and urine samples ...
Terqui M - - 2000
Two methods for the determination of ovulation were compared to one ultrasonography performed 5 times a day. Time of ovulation by echography was 40 +/- 5.8 h (mean +/- SD) after the onset of oestrus. Preovulatory LH rise (two blood samples per day) began near the onset of oestrus but, ...
Nakamura H - - 2000
There is some evidence showing an existence of corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) and opioid peptides, including beta-endorphin (betaEP), in human placenta, whereas physiological roles of the placental peptides in response to stress remain to be elucidated. To clarify the involvement of CRH and opioid system in the uteroplacental circulation in ...
Nielsen A H - - 2000
The components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are expressed in the uteroplacental unit. The expression varies between species, probably due to the marked species differences in placental architecture. The conditions for angiotensin (Ang) II formation exist and Ang II receptors are present throughout the human uteroplacental unit, indicating the presence ...
Van Blerkom J - - 2000
While genetic and epigenetic factors have been associated with the developmental competence of human oocytes and embryos produced by IVF, how such factors develop or influence the oocyte remain to be explained. This paper reviews evidence which suggests that the degree of perifollicular vascular expansion associated with increased rates of ...
Berman J R - - 2000
Female sexual dysfunction is a significant age-related, progressive and highly prevalent problem that affects a substantial number of women in the United States. The female sexual response cycle is initiated by neurotransmitter-mediated vascular and nonvascular smooth muscle relaxation resulting in increased pelvic blood flow, vaginal lubrication, and clitoral and labial ...
Bulletti C - - 2000
The non-pregnant uterus shows different patterns of contractility during the menstrual cycle. A renewed interest in uterine contractility has resulted from reports of non-invasive ultrasound (US) based studies. To clarify the changes in uterine contractility occurring throughout the menstrual cycle, we prospectively studied uterine contractions (UC) at six representative stages ...
Bollwein H - - 2000
Transrectal Doppler ultrasound was used for the noninvasive investigation of uterine blood flow in cows. Both the left and right Aa. uterinae were scanned to obtain blood flow velocity waveforms over 2 consecutive estrous cycles. Blood flow was reflected by the resistance index (RI) and the time-averaged maximum velocity (TAMV). ...
Simmons L A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether placental vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is increased in pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia. SAMPLE: Eleven normotensive women and eight women with pre-eclampsia matched for age and gestation. METHODS: Uterine artery Doppler ultrasound flow velocity profiles were recorded in ...
Tanawattanacharoen S - - 2000
To evaluate the effect of continuous hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) on Doppler parameters of uterine blood flow in asymptomatic postmenopausal women. Thirty-eight asymptomatic postmenopausal women were recruited into the study from the outpatient menopause clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University. The study population was divided ...
Sher G - - 2000
Endometrial growth is thought to depend on uterine artery blood flow and the importance of endometrial development on in-vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome has been previously reported. Nitric oxide (NO) relaxes vascular smooth muscle through a cGMP-mediated pathway and NO synthase isoforms have been identified in the uterus. Sildenafil citrate (Viagra), ...
Zoma W D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether raloxifene increases coronary and uterine blood flow in ovariectomized ewes. STUDY DESIGN: Twelve ewes were chronically instrumented for measurement of mean arterial pressure, heart rate, cardiac output, coronary blood flow, and uterine blood flow. Sheep received 17beta-estradiol, Estrace, raloxifene, or KY Jelly vehicle on ...
Zackrisson U - - 2000
To elucidate whether any relationship exists between ovarian blood flow and ovulation rate, the effects on these parameters were examined in equine chorionic gonadotrophin/human chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG/HCG) (15I U/15I U) primed rats after bilateral ligation and severance of either the ovarian branch of the uterine artery and vein (UL), the ...
Sterzik K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between uterine blood flow and endometrial thickness on transvaginal Doppler ultrasonography, serum E2 and progesterone levels, and the histologic dating of an endometrial biopsy specimen obtained in the midluteal phase of a spontaneous cycle. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: A tertiary care infertility center. PATIENT(S): ...
Zaidi Jamal - - 2000
This review summarizes the haemodynamic changes in the ovarian and uterine arteries, as revealed by transvaginal colour Doppler ultrasonography, (i) in women with normal ovaries (group 1), (ii) in women with the polycystic ovary syndrome who ovulate in response to clomiphene citrate (group 2) and (iii) in women with polycystic ...
Lemancewicz A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of misoprostol vs. oxytocin on blood flow in uteroplacental circulation during labor induction. METHODS: Ninety-one women with indications for induction of labor were assigned to receive either misoprostol 50 microg per vagina every 4 h as needed or intravenous oxytocin by means of a randomization ...
Ziegler W F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether regional differences exist in uterine and systemic hemodynamic responses to the menstrual cycle, whether the hormonal environment correlates with the changes, and whether uterine artery hemodynamic adaptation depends on the side of ovulation. METHODS: Twenty nulliparas had transvaginal Doppler ultrasonographic assessment of the uterine and upper-extremity ...
Jurkovic D - - 1999
Doppler ultrasound was used to investigate circadian variations in uterine artery blood flow in 20 post-menopausal women in the oestrogen-only phase of combined oestrogen hormone replacement therapy with cyclical oral norethisterone or dydrogesterone. All women were examined between 0800 and 0830 h and then again between 1800 and 1830 h ...
Bruner J P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to compare the use of a specially designed trocar for initial uterine entry with standard entry by electrocautery in creation of a hysterotomy for fetal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Ten consecutive patients undergoing hysterotomy for intrauterine repair of myelomeningocele were randomized to initial uterine entry with electrocautery ...
Bridges P J - - 1999
One objective of this experiment was to evaluate our hypotheses that estradiol-17beta regulates secretion of pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) and that secretion of progesterone during pregnancy is regulated by a prostanoid by examining the effects of prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha), a luteolyic agent; indomethacin, a prostanoid synthesis inhibitor; tamoxifen, an ...
Ajossa S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of ovarian hyperstimulation on uterine perfusion during a subsequent natural cycle to evaluate if there is a long-term effect of treatment with gonadotropins. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-five infertile couples were subjected to three cycles of multiple follicular development. Uterine blood flow was determined during the follicular ...
Patel T G - - 1999
Although cocaine administration reduces blood flow to the fetus in the pregnant ewe, the effects of cocaine on uterine and placental blood flow in the pregnant rat have not been adequately documented. The current study tested the hypothesis that cocaine decreased uterine and placental blood flow in awake and freely ...
Sutliff R L - - 1999
The effects of cocaine administration on cardiovascular parameters were studied in anesthetized nonpregnant and pregnant rabbits with no prior exposure to cocaine and in pregnant rabbits repeatedly administered cocaine (4 mg/kg, bid, iv) for 15-20 days prior to the experiment. Rabbits were instrumented to determine the effects of cocaine on ...
Pepper J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that danazol increases the impedance to uterine circulation and hence reduces the effective uterine blood flow after a predetermined period of therapy. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal study. SETTING: Reproductive medicine unit of a university teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Eight premenopausal women with dysfunctional uterine bleeding. INTERVENTION(S): Six ...
Lewis B D - - 1999
Treatment of pregnant mares to prevent abortions due to equine piroplasmosis is a novel idea practised empirically at some Thoroughbred studs in South Africa. This paper presents the results of an investigation to ascertain whether imidocarb dipropionate crosses the equine placenta. Three pregnant mares were injected intramuscularly with imidocarb and ...
Bonnin P - - 1999
The theory of countercurrent vascular transfer of PGF2 alpha during luteolysis was examined. In the first experiment, pulmonary clearance of PGF2 alpha was determined to re-examine whether the total amount of PGF2 alpha was degraded in the lungs after one passage. Cardiac output was measured by the Fick method and ...
Exacoustòs C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess uterine artery blood flow and endometrial thickness in postmenopausal patients receiving sequential hormone replacement therapy (HRT) at different phases of the treatment. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: Ultrasound and menopause units of the obstetrics and gynecology department of the University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy. PATIENT(S): Forty ...
Buckett W M - - 1999
Since the widespread use of transvaginal ultrasound to diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a cardinal feature has been shown to be the presence of a bright, highly echogenic stroma. This is usually assessed subjectively. The objective of this study was to determine whether ovarian stromal echogenicity when measured objectively actually ...
Holm K - - 1999
Internal genitalia and uterine blood flow were assessed by ultrasound in 12 females 4.0-10.9 years after total body irradiation and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for childhood leukaemia or lymphoma. Median age of the participants was 12.7 years (range 6.1-17.6) at bone marrow transplantation and 21.5 years (11.6-25.6) at the follow-up ...
Hotta H - - 1999
The effects of cutaneous mechanical afferent stimulation of various skin areas on uterine contractility and blood flow were examined in anesthetized non-pregnant rats. The contractility of the uterus was measured by the balloon method in the uterus. The uterine blood flow was measured by laser Doppler flowmetry. Noxious pinching stimulation ...
Massa H M - - 1999
Stimulated ovulation with resultant multiple corpora lutea (CL) can result in lower progesterone levels than expected from the increased luteal tissue mass. Unilateral ovariectomy (ULO) was used to increase CL number in rats and determine whether this would compromise luteal tissue blood flow, oxygen consumption and progestin secretion. All investigations ...
Engmann L - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of short-term (2-3 weeks) pituitary suppression and controlled ovarian stimulation on ovarian and uterine artery Doppler measurements during the in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment cycle and to compare the pattern of these changes between conception and non-conception cycles as well as between patients with normal ...
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